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Of I LLI N O I 5 






July to December, 1902. 

J w . 

V. 3 2 



A Case of Mistaken Identity 257 

Accident at Osaka 191 

Accident at Viscount Yoshikawa's House... 359 

A Correction 247 

Action against Messrs. Murai Brothers ... 442 

Aerial Phenomena 714 

A Dual Correspondent 5 

A Factories Bill 5°5 

African Spheres of Influence 115 

Age of Fishes 9 

Aguinaldo liberated 120 

Alpine Ascents and Adventures 657 

A lottery in Shanghai 674 

America and the House Tax 28 

America's Navy 362 

A Minir.g Case 44$ 

H.M.S. "Amphitrite " 182 

An Awkward Predicament 90 

An Educational Celebration 648 

Anglo-Chinese Treaty ... 331 

Anglo-Japanese Banquet in Tokyo 703 

Another Burglary on the Bluff 280 

An Under Current in American Life 418 

Aomori Disaster 164 

A Personal Incident of the Late Campaign. 302 

A Railway Incident 447 

Arbitration Protocol 248 

Arbitral Tribunal, The 310—476—530 

A Rumour 27 

A Social Question 589 

Assault by -endoes 282 

Assouan Dam 292 

A Strange Statement 274 

A Student 81 

A Suicide 59° 

A Tea Syndicate ... 676 

Attempted Burglary in Yokohama 148 

A Tiresome Task 193 

Australian Views of Japan 302 

Automatic Pistols 690 

Autumn Manoeuvres 536 — 562 

Autumn Manoeuvres in India 219 

A Vanishing Bird 9 

A Veritable Storehorse of Art 376 

A Welcome Party 619 

Ball at the U.S. Legation 476 

Bank of Japan's Reserve 706 

Baron Shibusawa 506 

Baron Suyematsu and Mr. Kataoka 535 

Basho and the Japanese Poetical Epigram .. 334 

Big Steamers 675 

Birthday Celebrations in Tokyo 508 

Blackmailing 6 

Bones of Buddha 618 

Boxers in Szchuan 107 

British Cabinet Changes 168 

British Steamer Ashore in Shimonoseki 

Straits 204 

British Thrift 336 

Budget, The 224—415—504—533 

Burning of the " Hoku-un Mam " 657 

Burning of the Temple Kosho-ji 619 

Cabinet and the Budget 270 

Cabinet Question 298 

Calendars 604 

Canada and Japanese Tea 429 

Carriage Accident on Camp Hill 621 

" Centaur " 274 

Central Sanitary Bureau 704 

Central Railway Tunnels 53 

Ceremonial at Tamogino 84 

Chartered Bank of I. A. and C 331 

Chefoo Disaster ». ... 80 

Chen-Chou Affair 272 — 536 

China's Indemnity 54 

China's Educational Purposes 274 

China Squadron 322 

Chinese Engineering and Mining Co, Ltd... 651 

Chinese Labour in the Philippines 648 

Chinese Railway Question 134 

Chinese Superstitious 6 

Chinese Students ...1 10 — 136 — 164 — 192 — 223 
Chinese View of the New British Treaty ... 443 


Cholera.. 3—27 — 54—84 — 138 — 195 — 223 — 248 

Christmas Cards 569 

Christian Missions in Japan 364 

"City of Peking" 169 

Civilization and the Birth Rate 65 

Classical Origin of Proverbs 376 

"C.L.B." 647 

Collision in Malacca Straits 207 

Colonel Forestier- Walker 163 

Colombian Naval Fighting 689 

Compensation to Private Individuals 537 

Comet, The 420 — 446 

Commonwealth or Republic 30 

Copper Production of the World ... 37 

Coronation, The 84 — 114 — 145 

Coronation Bonfires 206 

Coronation Fireworks 196 

Coronation Naval Display 55 

Coronation Postponement 360 

Cost of Strikes 85 

Count Inouye 619 

Count Itagaki 27 

Count Matsukata 219 — 251 

Count Okuma on the Land Tax 561 

Cranborne Incident 50 

Creating a Navy 364 

Crown Prince and Princess 336 

Crown Prince of Siam 504 

Cruelty to Animals 359 

Currency in Korea 317 

Customs Appeals 600 

Destructive Fire in Yokohama 543 

Departure of Mr. Wu Ju-Lung 418 

Dr. Baelz 83 

Dr. Wheeler and the German Club 449 

East-Caroline Islands 109 

Economical Society 645 

Education as a National Asset 417 

Educational Question 419 

Education in China 300 

Effect of Lightning on the Human Body 

and Trees 320 

Effects of the King's Illness 6 

Elections, The 83—135 — 193 — 218 

Electric Light Companies 1 1 1 

Emperor's Birthday 474 

Emperors of Russia and Germany 162 

English Public Opinion and the Shanghai 

Affair 647 

Entertainment to Mr. Wu 24 

Exchanges 54 

Explosion on the cruiser " Kaichi " 7 

Fatal Boating Accident at Singapore ... 169 

Financial Position in Tientsin 675 

Fire in Fukuoka Barracks 135 

Fire on the Creekside 345 

Fire at Negishi 364 

Fire in Tokyo 534 

Fire in Yokohama 150 

Floods 55 

Foreign Advisers of Japan 587 

Foreign Crime in Japan 538 

" Foreign Devil " 414 

Foreign Goods in Japan 168 

Foreign Nurse Question 415 

Foreign Trade 26 

Foreign Trade of China and Japan 564 

From East to West 614 

Funeral of the Honourable Col. Buck ... 643 

Funeral of Marquis Saigo 87 

Funeral of Mr. Swan 56 

Garden Party at Count Okuma's Residence 535 

Garden Parties in Tokyo 589 

General Elections 165 

Gen. Fukushima and the Hongkong Volun- 
teers 83 

German Infantry 417 

German School in Tokyo ... 620 

Glyptic Art Society 165 

Great Britain and the United States 97 

Hanoi Exposition 334 

Hawaiian Emigrants 84 

Health of the Japanese Navy 458 


Herb Case 139 

Hongkong's Third Typhoon 169 

Hongwan-ji Believers Come to Blows ... 220 

Hongwan-ji Troubles 193 — 300 

House Tax 55 — no — 144 — 168 — 447 

Industries Bank and Industries Encourage- 
ment Bank 145 

Industries Localized 430 

Inkyo Custom 81 

Insurance in Tokyo 109 

" Intelligent Anticipation " 139 

Iron Foundry, The 443 

" James " 564 

Japan and Australia 536 

Japan and the " Likin " Question 109 

Japan Railway Company 167 

Japan and Siam 335 

Japan Society 705 

Japanese Cavalry 620 

Japanese Dockyards 447 

Japanese Decoration for British Officers ... 620 

Japanese Difficulties 140 

Japanese Emperor's Birthday in Shanghai 536 

Japanese Exhibition in London 415 

Japanese Press and the Coronaticn 162 

Japanese Private Claims. 588 

Japanese Railways ... 138 

Japanese Theatres 79 

" Jimmin " and the German Soldiers 563 — 591 

Judicial Question 

Judicial Salaries 

" Kaiji Kyokai " 

Kaiser and Lady MacDonald 

" Kasagi," The 

Karuizawa Notes 

Keiliin Electric Railway 


Kelantan Affair 

King Edward VII 

Kobe Advisory Committee 

" Korea," The 

Korea's Silk Trade ... ; 

Kuie Strike 

Labour in South Africa 

Lady Samuel 

Labody Question in Japan 

Land Sales at Dalrty 

Lard Tax Question 

Large Murder, 'I he 

Last Words of Liu Kun-yi 

Late Archdeacon Shaw 

Launch and Inauguration Ceremony 


Launch of the " Niitaka" 

Legal Delays 

Legislative Bureau 

Leo XII's Pontificate 

Life-story of a Successful Man ... 

Local A (fairs in England 

Locomotives for Japan 

Lord Cranborne 

Lord Salisbury Retires 

Mails via Siberia 

Major-General Fukushima 

•' Manners Makyth Man " 

Marcus Island 53 — 81- 

Marqnis Ito's Speech 

Marquis Ito's Sixty-first Birthday 

Martinique Subscriptions 

Meeting of the Commercial Society ... 

Methods of War ' 

Middle School of Oita 

Military Service 

Mining in Western Australia 

Miss Marie Corelli and her titled friends 

Misquotation Incident 

Mitsui Family 

Mortality in Recent Wars 

Mr. Asahina 

Mr. Basifke 

Mr. Chamberlain on Fiscal Policy ... 

Mr. Herb 

Mr. Win, E. Gcil 

.. 54 

•• 475 
.. 192 

• • 476 

•• 139 

... 252 

... 466 

■•• 475 
... 336 

•• 534 

• • 703 
•• 337 
.... 606 
... 80 
... 474 
■• 595 
... 108 
... 472 
•• 332 
... 643 
... 418 
,.. 621 

. ... 422 
. ... 569 
. ... 362 
. ... 128 

■ ... 445 

. ... 648 

. ... 429 

. ... 84 

. ... 51 

. ... 508 

• •■• 335 
. ... 224 
. ... 653 
. ... 472 
. ... 3 
. ... 562 

• ... 675 
. ... 25 
. ... 26 






IV W?6-fr3t*Hfl1*BmHWBffl4JfffiiiJ THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL 


Mr. Kruger 193 

Mr. Wirgman's Pictures 542 

Mr. Okakura 537 

Mr. Ozaki Yukio on the Elections 5 

Mr. Okura in China 674 

Mr. Uchida 475 

Mr. Uchida on the future of China 673 

Mr. Wu Ju-Lung 222 

Mr. deWitte 447—471 

Mr. Wu 3 

Mr. Max Schluter 310 

Municipal Facts 506 

Mutiny on a U.S. Gunboat 621 

Nagasaki Harbour 271 

Namura Affair 418 

Naval Coaling Records 674 

Naval Increment 29—447—507—561—620—650 

Naval Expeditures in Twenty Years 148 

National Grants to Great Soldiers 90 

New Japanese Loan 359 

New Law in Crystallography 13 

New Zealanders 564 

Nihyaku-toka -.249 

Nippon Yusen Kaisha and Traveller's 

Facilities 4'7 

" North-China Daily News " and Prince 

Komatsu 5 1 

Notes from Chicago 455 

Obliteration of Finland 649 

Odawara Catastrophe 446 

Odawara Disaster Fund 429 

*' Oddities of Argument " ... 223 — 248 — 272 
One of the World's Unknown Heroes ... 603 
On Some Recent Correspondence 361 

Osaka Gas Company 
Osaka Gas Dispute 

Outlook for Silk 

Pacific Records 

Pacific Leviathans 

Plague 425—451 

Philippines and Japan ... 
Pions Fund Arbitration 
Political Controversy ... 
Political Gossip ...502 

Political Matters 

Political Situation 

Postal Savings Banks 

Private Claims in Connexion with the Boxer 


Prince Boris in Japan 

Prince Ching and Mr. Wu 

Prince Cyril 115 — 138 

Prince Komatsu in England 

Prince Tsai 

Prince Vladimir 

Professor Waddell 

Projected Bank of China and Japan 

Propaganda Question 

Proposed Bank of China and Japan 

Queen Alexandra's Crown 

Question of Animals 

Question of Northern Railway ... 

Railways in Japan 

Raw Silk Exports 


Red Cross Celebration 

Religious Trouble 

Removal of a Chinese Viceroy ... 
Reported arrest of Mr. Rosenthal 
Rescue of a Japanese Fisherman 
Rescued by the "Princeton" 

Rice Crop 

Rough Voyage of the " Athenian " . 

Russia in the Far East 

Russia in Manchuria 

Russian Squadron 

Russo-Chinese Bank New Premises . 

Russo-Japanese Association 

Saghalien Fisheries 

Salaries of Diplomatic Officials ... 

Sale of Bonds 

Sale of Building Land 

Sale of Horses 

Salvation Army 

Salvation Army Self Denial Week . 

School Troubles 

School-Readers Affair 

Sealing in Korean Waters 

Shanghai and King Edward 
Shingchou and Blagovestchensk 

Shipping Casualties 


Siamese Crown Prince 

Siam and Japan 

Siamese Prince Royal 


Silk Association of America 

Silk Export of Japan 


Suisho Isan 

Sir Claude McDonald's Dispatch 

Sir James Mackay 

Smart Coaling in Japan 



5 6 4 



485— 515— 543— 5 6 9 




53 1 — 586 — 614 — 642 






. 84 — 222 







. ... 334 

. ... 673 

. ... 29 

• ... 589 
. ... 149 

• ... 445 
. ... 250 
. ... 196 
. ... 5 
. ... 663 
. ... 429 
. ... 658 
. ... 472 
. ... 250 

• ... 273 

• - 376 

... 300 

. ... 249 

. ... 4'4 

• ... 449 
. ... 663 
. ... 164 
. ... 505 
. ... 28 

• ... 703 

• ••• 257 
. ... 9 
■ ... 474 
. ... 5.6 

• ... 447 
. ... 676 

• ••• 359 
. ... 703 
. ... 705 
. ... 41 

• - 633 
, ... 619 
. ... 27 
, ... 620 
. ... 270 
. ... 455 


Sovereigns of Europe 26 

Steamer Wrecked 83 

Storm, The 166 

Storm Coming 137 

Story about German Soldiers in Japan ... 471 

St. Andrew's Day 631 

St. Hilda's Mission 90 

Strange Story, The 647 

Streets in Tokyo 220 

Sugar in Formosa 104 

Summer School at Hakone 115 

Supplementary Estimates 195 

" Taihei Yogakai " 5 

Tax "on Dogs 507 

Tea 139 

Telephones 82 

Telegraphic Delays 422 

Tientsin Question 101 

The Diet 587 

'* The Journal of the American Asiatic Asso- 
ciation " 222 

The Panama Canal 720 

" The Times " and the House Tax ...362—535 

The Union Jack 476 

Thief on the Bluff 


Toa Dobun-kai 


Tohoku University 

Tokyo Affairs 

Tokyo Arsenal 

Tokyo Gas Company ... 

Tokyo Finance 

Tokyo Water Works ... . 
Tokyo Water-works Pipes . 
Tomey Homma Case ... 


Tornado in Sicily 

Torture in Japan 

Transmission of Mails ... 

" Treaty Rights " 

Typhoon in Hongkong 

" Unconvinced " 

'* Unconvinced " and " Treaty Rights " 
United States and Marcus Island 

United States Elections 

United States and the House Tax 
University Graduation Ceremony 

U.S. Asiatic Squadron 

U.S. and the Rumanian Jews 

Upper and Lower 

Viscount Watanabe 

Volcanic Eruption at Torishima 

Wages in England 

Waist of Japan 

Wake Island 

Wake Island and Marcus Island 

Wakamatsu Foundry 

War Bonds 

Waseda Celebration 


Wireless Telegraphy 

Whaling in Japanese Waters 

Why Some Men Enlist 

Yangtze Question 

Viscountess Beaconsfield 

Yokohama Collegiate School 

Yokohama General Hospital ... 82- 
Yokohama Trade Examination Society 

" Yomiuri " and the Alliance 

Yunnan Syndicate 

Zanzibar 1 

















249—275—3 0 i 



... 167 

... 603 

... 361 

... 55 

... 370 

... 505 

... 5 

• •• 335 
... 191 
... 420 
... 420 
... 167 
... 192 
1 10 — 360 
... 107 
... 444 
••• 633 
••• 377 
... 292 
... 470 
... 290 
... 89 

... 273 
... 55 
... 564 
- 8 3 


Children's Entertainment 

Christmas Breaking-up 

Confusion at the Public Hall 

Doll Show 

Fete at Honmoku 

Heydrich Recital 

Machaclo Hotel Concert 

Magic Lantern Exhibition 

Private Theatricals at the U.S. Legation 
" Secret Service " at the Public Hall ... 
" The Children's Hour " 

... 658 
... 708 

••• 543 
... 281 
... 603 


Aquatic Sports 312 

Autumn Meeting of the Nippon Race Club 572 

Autumn Regatta Y.A.R.C 452 

Coronation Sports 545 

English Cricket 278 

Fourth of July 33 

Interport Cricket 427 

Kobe Coronation Regatta 1 1 

Lawn Tennis in Tokyo 620 — 648 — 704 

Lawn Tennis Singles 200 — 224 

Nippon Race Club 7 

Notes from Negishi 515 

Off Day of the N.R.C 605 

Ping-pong at the Y.A.R.C 677 

Y.A.R.C. Swimming Competitions 278 

Y.C. and A.C. Tennis Doubles 303 


Abuse of Privilege 

Again the House Tax 

A Japanese Statesman 

Another Letter 

Arbitration Tribunal 


A Strange Story 595 

British Orders to Japanese Personages 

Bluff Gardens, The 

Blundering Phrase, The 

Cabinet and the Parties 


China and Christianity 

Chinese Complication 

Chinese Education 

Courtesy to the Imperial Family 

Count Itagaki and Mr. Kato Takaaki 


Death of Marquis Saigo 

Dimensions of the Increased Land Tax .. 


Extinction of Finland 

Extraterritoriality in China 

France and Railways in Chili 

Germany and England 

German Manoeuvres 

Germany in Shanghai 

Gold at Wei-hai-wei 

Great Britain and Germany 

House of Peers 

Imperial Garden Party 

Interesting Criticism 

Is it Anti-Foreign ? 

Japan's Educators 

Journalistic Atmosphere, The 

Kaiser, The 

Kaiser's Visit to England 

Local Questions in Yokohama , 

Marquis Ito 

Meeting of the " Seiyu-kai " 

Missionary Question in China 

Missionaries for Manchuria 

Mr. Griffis in the " Independent " 

M. Pablov and Japan 

Naval Increment 

Naval Increment and the Land Tax 

New Commercial Treaty with China 

Osaka Affair 

Osaka and its Gas Works 

Point of Friction, The 

Political Parties in Japan 

Political Situation 678- 

Predictions and their Fulfilment 

Question of Japanese Emigration 

Railway Loan 

Russian Conscripts 


Shanghai Complication 

Shanghai Garrison 

Shinchou Affair 

System of Preliminary Examination in Japan 

The Boers 

The Boers' Appeal 

The Cabinet 

The Coronation 

The Emperor's Birthday 

The " Foreign Adviser 

The Point of View 

The Protocol and Cognate Subjects 

The Three-letter Rattle 

Treaty Drafting 

"Treaty Rights " 


Unlicensed Pilots in Kobe 

Wakamatsu Foundry 

Welcome Society 

Yangtze Valley 

• "3 

• 57 
. 566 
. 306 
. 510 

• 594 
— 623 

• 539 
. 305 

• 3° 
. 566 
. 86 
. 366 

• 451 

• 338 

• 593 

• 45o 
. 86 
. 652 
. 141 

• '9 

• 308 

• '99 

• 339 

• 5" 

• 479 
. 678 

• 653 

• 653 

• 540 
. 622 
, 623 
. 198 

• 304 
, 142 

, 566 
. 308 

• 593 













A Christmas Canticle 707 

"Cecil" 124 

Edward the Seventh 145 

In die Nativitatis 707 

" Ships that pass in the Night " 252 

The Crowning of the King 141 

The Hump 540 

The Mystery of Faith 64 

Tommy on the Vacant Situation 486 

The Fellow who Fights Alone 707 

Teace on Earth 707 


Bicycle Regulations 56 

British Commercial Treaty with China ... 317 

Customs Fees 64 

Revised Import Customs Tariff 371 

The Arbitration (House Tax) 476 

Unopened Ports 200 


" Hamburg " Case 118 

Herb Case 118 



An Ascent of Fuji 176 

An English view of the United States ... 324 

Ascent of Kaigane San 487 

A Trip to Turkey 686 

Autumn Exhibition of the Nippon Bijitsu-in 473 

Blowing up of a Chinese Cruiser 43 

Calamity at Chefoo 73 

'• Canals " in the Moon 125 

Career of Lord Salisbury 57 

Chinese Trophy, The 124 

Christianity and Modern Japanese Thought 207 








Christmas Fumity 

Christmas Plum-pudding 

Commercial Conversations 

Coronation Festival in Yokohama 

Coronation Honours 


Dutch East Indies 

Echigo Oil Industry 

Export of Raw Silk 

Extraordinary Religious Movement 

Foreign Trade of Yokohama 

Formosa under Japanese Administration ... 

Fourth of July at Sea 

German Fir Trees 

How to write a Dime Novel 

Is John the Earliest Gospel ? 

Japanese in America 

Japanese Language, The 

John Bull's Eating House 

Katei Gakko 

Liturgical Use of the Apostles' Creed 
Miss Hughes on the teaching of English ... 

Mr. Andrew Carnegie 

Narcolepsy, the Sleeping Disease 

New battleship " London " 

On the Study of the Japanese Language ... 
One of Lord Nelson's Veterans in Yokohama 

" Our Wedding " 

Progress of Roman Catholic Missions 

Revival of Curfew in America 

Royal Family as Anglers 

Russia's Changing Policy 

Sea Customs, Sea Words, and Sea Songs... 

September Typhoon, The 

Sermon preached before the A.B.C.F.M. at 


Shipping Combine and Afterwards 

Siamese Malaya 

Teaching of English in Japan 

Temperance Work in Japan 

The Coronation 

" The Christian Daimyo " 

The King and Queen and the Empire 

The Lois or Aborigines of Hainan 

To Norroway 

Water Tub Boilers 

Wreck of the " Kumagawa Maru " 

Wreck of the " Elingamite " 


A Book on Formosa 

Agricultural and Commercial Statistics ... 

All the Russias 

A Maker of the New Orient 

Ars Vivendi 

Calendar of the Kyoto University 

Christmas " Graphic " 

Coronation Nonsense Book 

" Dorothy Vernon of Haddon Hall " 

Dr. Hatoyama's Comparison of the French 

and Japanese Civil Codes 

" East of Asia " 

Encyclopsedia Britannica 

Flashes from Far East 

Geschichte des Christentums in Japan 

Japanese Girls and Women 

Journal of College of Science of Imperial 

University of Japan 

Life of Charles Darwin 

Long-desired Cookery-book 


Origin of Coinage 

Psychological Method of Teaching 

" Shimbi Daikwan " 


Territory of Wei-hai-wei, The 

" The Ball " 

" The Conqueror " 

The Nihon Kogakusha no Tetsugaku 

'* The Queen of Quelparte " 

"The Temples of the Orient and Their 

Message " 

Trial of Jeanne d'Arc 

Two on Their Travels * 

Verse and Worse 
























A Protest 

A Public Danger 

A Question for Schoolmen 

A Recent Incident 

A Strange Phenomenon 

A Useful Hint 

Automatic Pistols 

Belleville Boilers 

Bluff Gardens 


Business Training for College Graduates 

Chefoo Affair 
Chinese and Occidentals 
Chinese View of the New Treaty 

Cholera in Saga Ken 

Christianity in China : 

Colonial Nursing Association 


Coronation Fete 

Extraordinary Religious Movement 


Fete at Honmoku 

Fire at Negishi 

P'ujin Jizen-kai Bazaar 

Gambling on the Bluff 

General Hospital 

Greek Church in Tokyo 

Imperial Hotel 

Imperial Invitations , 

Information for the " Dojin-kai " 

Japanese Evangelical Alliance 

Japan's Educators 

Jovanesen Case 

Japanese Scholars and English Poetry 

Kobe Beef , 

Likin , 

Meguro Lepers' Home , 

My First Ride in an Automobile , 

Nagasaki and the Coronation , 

Odawara Disaster Fund 

On the Siberian Railway 

Reginald on Christmas Presents 

Religion and Philosophy 

Russian Missionaries in Manchuria ... 

Sport in ¥okohama 

Steam Whistle Nuisance 

St. Sophia in Constantinople 
" The End Justifies the Means "... 

The Herb Case 

" The Passing of Finland " 

The Word Protestant 

" Things Japanese " 

Tokyo Folks and Yokohama Players 


Wake Island 

Yokohama General Hospital ... . 




Death of Mr. T. H. Box 

Death of H.E. Colonel Buck 

Death of Mr. L. Gros 

Death of Mr. Imamura Seinosuke 

Death of Mr. Duncan McLaren 

Death of Mr. W. A. Manderson 

Death of Mr. J. Mendelson 

Death of Dr. Nagayo Sensai 

Death of Mr. Nishimura 

Death of Count Sano 

Death of Mr. E. C. Swan 

Death of Prof. Virchow 

Death of Mr. Witkowski 

Death of the Yokohama Mayor 

Dr. John H. Barrow 

General Lukas Meyer 

Late Emile Zola 

Late Sir Frederick Abel 

Late Mr. K. T. Head 

Late Mr. Michie 

Late Mr. T. B. Reed 

Late Dr, Joseph Parker 

Late Marquis Saigo 

Late Mr. A. W. Thompson 

Mr. William Lidderdale 

Rear-Admiral Selfridge 

Sudden Death in Yokohama 

Suicide of Major Kajikawa 


A. B. C. F. M.'s Annual Meeting 

American Asiatic Association 

Colonial Nursing Associationjapan Branch 

Club Hotel, Ltd 

Grand Hotel, Ltd 70- 

Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corpora- 






••• 493 
,.. 461 
... 42 
.. 461 
.. 462 
.. 124 

• - 633 
, ... 287 

... 378 
... 690 
... 521 
... 350 

••• 433 
... 152 
... 42 
... 350 
... 261 
... 690 
... 206 
. ... 714 
. ... 320 
. ... 182 
. ... 521 

• ••• 97 

• ••• 717 

• ••• 35° 
.663 — 690 

■ ••• 549 

• ••• 715 

■ •■• 715 
. ... 92 
. ... 206 

• ••• 235 
. 378 

... 550 
. ... 663 
. ... 206 




5 >6 






Imperial Mint ^ 1 3 

Japan Sabbath Alliance y j2 

Langfeldt & Co. Ltd 156 jg 2 

Mosquito Yacht Club 690 

Missionary Association of Central Japan ... 708 

Nagasaki Hotel 70 145 

Nippon Yusen Kaisha 590 625 

Oriental Hotel, Ltd 4^3 521 







Shell Transport and Trading Co. Ltd. 

St. Andrew's Society 

Student Volunteer Conference at Karuizawa 

Yokohama General Hospital 

Trade of Hakodate for 1901 

Yokohama Amateur Photographic Society.. 
Yokohama Engine and Iron Works, Ltd.... 

Yokohama Charity Organization 

Yokohama Specie Bank 



Thr Christian Daimyo 

146 — 180 — 208 — 230 — 
262—283—321 —346—43 1 —462—484— 

518— 548— 571— 601— 630— 653— 684— 709 
Yokohama Literary Society 

449— 5 1 5 — 541— 569— 571— 657— 677 
The Diet 650 

Commercial 18 — 46—74 — 

88— 1 30— 1 58— 1 86— 2 14— 242— 266— 

Monthly Summary of the Religious 
Press 31— 119— 259— 511— 660 

Monthly Summary of Current Japanese 
Literature 62— 227— 371— 458— 575— 711 

Summary of News 1 — 21 — 49 — 

77— 105— 133— 161 — 189— 217— 245— 
269— 297— 329— 35 1— 41 3— 441— 469— 

501— 529— 557— 585— 613— 641— 666- 697 

Chinese News 2 — 10 — 22 — 52 — 

78 — 106—136 — 163 — 190 — 221 — 246 — 

275— 298—330—358—416—442—475— 

502— 531—558—588—617—646—672—700 

American Topics 

40 — 61 — 122 — 233 — 255 — 
3'4— 373— 549— 57o— 602— 604— 631— 662 

Korea 4—24 — 

52 — 79—107 — 167 — 190—221 — 267 — 

276— 301—334—360—417—446—474— 
5°7— 532— 560— 589— 617— 648— 676— 701 

Notes on Current Events ... 6 — 28 — 55 — 
85 — 11 1 — 140 — 169 — 195 — 224 — 251 — 

277— 302—336—363—420—448—477— 
5°7— 537— 5 6 4—59i— 621— 649— 677— 705 


26—53—87 — no— 139 — 195—222 — 647 

Law Cases 9 — 38 — 65 — 

91 — 1 17— 148— 179 — 203 — 232—257 — 
281— 312— 345— 368— 425— 456— 491— 
5 1 6— 545 -570—598—627—658—693—709 

NEWS ok the Week 40 — 

66— 9 1 — 121 — 1 49 — 1 78 — 204 — 233 — 
257—284—3 1 6—349—373—430—457— 

5 1 9— 549-577—605—63 1 —659— 699— 7 10 

Literary Gossip ... 11 — 59 — 232 — 254 — 
281— 311— 348— 428— 454— 517— 658— 714 

Yachting 7 — 29—59 — 89— 

1 14— 145— 203 — 229—254 — 278 — 303 — 

Cricket 37 — 114 — 229 — 343 — 427 

Football 486 — 515—568 — 596 — 656 

Baseball 85 — 204—254 — 31 1—368 — 427 — 708 

European Topics 

12— 60— 285— 315— 457— 631— 637 

Telegrams 14 — 43 — 

71 — 98 — 156 — 182 — 210 — 239 — 213 — 
523—55 1 —579 -608— 633— 663— 691— 7 1 8 

Shipping 17 — 45 — 

73— 101— 129— 157— 185— 213— 241 — 
265. ..292— 324— 352— 380— 437— 497— 
523— 553— 5 Sl — 609— 637— 665— 693— 721 

Commercial Topics ... 117 — 257 — 286 — 313 

Wxt rfapn oil ccfchi JUitil: 




YOKOHAMA, JULY 5 th, ,902. Sl|&V*«5 [ VoL - XXXVIII. 


Summary of News 

Chinese News 

The Cholera 

Mr. Wu 

The Martinique Subscriptions 

The " Toa Dobun-kai " 


The Tokyo Gas Company 

Nr. Ozaki Yukio on the Elections 

The "Taihei Yogakai " ... - 

Reported Arrest'of Mr. Rosenthal 

Upper and Lower 

A Dual Correspondent „ 

The Effects of the King's Illness 


Chinese Superstitions 

Prince Vladimir 

Notes on Current Events 

Nippon Race Club 

The Explosion on the Cruiser " Kaichi " 

Mr. WilliamLidderdale 


Leading Article :— M. Pablov and Japan.. 

The Bookshelf 

A Vanishing Bird 

Slianghai and King Edward 

The Age of Fishes 

1 .aw Cases 

News of the Week 

China Notes 

The Kobe Regatta 

Literary Gossip 

European Topics 

A new Law in Crystallography 

The Dutch East Indies 

The Shipping Combine, and Afterwards . 

John Bull's Eating House 

The new Battleship "London"...- ... . 


Shoji Hotel 

Latest Shipping 

Latest Commercial 


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It is particularly requested that all letters on business 
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payable to same ; and that literary contributions be 
addressed to the Edi tor. 

Yokohama: Saturday, July 5TH, 1902. 

The Free .Church Assembly of Scotland has ' 
decided not to prosecute Dr. Adam Smith for! 


The half-yearly general meeting of the Voko- j 
hama Electric Light Company will take place on ! 
July 19th when a dividend of 14 per cent, will 
be declared. 

Special prayers for King Edward's recovery 
were offered in Christ Church, Yokohama, on 
Sunday. The preacher at Morning Prayer was 
the Rev. Arthur Lloyd. 

Mr. John Barrett, Commissioner-Ceneral of the 
Ixntisiana Purchase Exposition, left Nagasaki for 
Shanghai on June 29th by the Toyo Kisen 
Kaisha's steamer America Mar//. 

There is a scheme on foot in Yamada, Ise pro- 
vince, to build an electric railway between 
yamada and Futami. Mr. Akura Kihachi is 
said to be interested in the project. 

NEGOTIATIONS are in progress between the 
Tokyo and the Shinagawa Electric Light Com- 
panies with a view to amalgamation. It is gene- 

rally believed that the negotiations will be 

Fire broke out in Aiwoicho Sanchome, Yoko- 
hama, about 1.30 on Saturday afternoon. The 
flames were soon extinguished, with the loss of one 
house, several others being damaged. 

A yacht for the use of the Crown Prince is 
now in course of construction at the MItsu Bishi 
Shipbuilding Yard, Nagasaki, and will be com- 
pleted in a month or so. Mr. Ando Juhei, of 
Nagoya, has been ordered to decorate the interior 

of the vessel. 

The vernacular press says that passenger fares 
on express trains between Shimbashi and Kobe 
will be increased shortly, and an official notice 
to this effect is to be issued in a few days. The 
Railway authorities contemplate issuing a new 
kind of ticket for this service only. 

Nuibe Kanejiro, of Hiroshima Prefecture, and 
two others, who attempted to stow away on board 
the Toyo Kisen Kaisha steamer A 7 ippon Maru 
were arrested by the Yokohama Water Police on 
June 28th, when the steamer was about to leave 
Yokohama for San Francisco. 

The death is announced of the father of Dr. 
Kitazato Shibasaburo, the well-known bacterio- 
logist, the sad event taking place oh June 28th at 
the residence of his son in Shiba, Tokyo. The 
funeral service will take place at the Aoyama 
cemetery on July 2nd at 1 p.m. 

Lieut-Colonel Francis Lean, R.M.L.I., died on 
10th June, aged 70. Lieut. -Colonel Lean saw 
much active service with the Baltic expeditions in 
1854-55. He was also with the Royal Marine 
battalion sent out for service in Japan in 1864-66, 
and originated and for 22 years edited Lean's 
Royal Navy List. 

When Mr. Kruger was informed by cable that 
the treaty of peace had been formally signed, he 
exclaimed " My God ! Impossible ! " and re- 
lapsed into a gloomy silence. The leading organs 
of the German press commend Great Britain " for 
building a golden bridge for a vanquished enemy 

to traverse." ■ 

HASEGAWA Yasaburo, chief of the Kozu village 
office, Kanagawa Prefecture, and several others 
were taken into custody on June 27 th at the Oda- 
wara Police Station charged with having embez- 
zled official money. The accused will be brought 
to the Yokohama Chiho Saibansho for trial in a 
day or two. 

We understand that the police in Yokohama 
have, so to speak, raided the nickel-in-the-slot 
machines which have for many months been a 
feature of nearly all the foreign hotels. That is to say 
they have notified the hotels that such machines 
must be stopped, and abolished and they base 
been accordingly. 

On the morning of June 26th the corpse of a 
man, apparently a workman, about 26 years of age, 
was found hanging from a tree in the grounds of 
the French Consulate, near the Yato Bridge, Yoko- 
hama. As the body was not identified it was 
handed over to the City Authorities for temporary 
interment. There seems no doubt that the man 
committed suicide. 

The members of the Board of Directors of the 
Yokohama Sanshi (Silk ; Bank have sent in their re- 

signation jointly on the ground that there is no 
hope of adjusting the bank's finances successfully. 
In consequence a conference was held a few days 
ago, at which were present Mr. Watanabe Fuku- 
saburo and several others. It was resolved not 
to accept the resignation of the Directors. 

The corpse of a man, about 28 years old, was 
found floating on June 28th near the pier at 
Takigashira. in the immediate neighbourhood of 
Yokohama. Medical examination at the Infec- 
tious Diseases Hospital in Horinouchi, Yoko- 
hama, revealed that the man was thrown into the 
water the previous night, for his hands were tied 
with a handkerchief. The Police are searching 
for the murderers. 

Since the Keihin (Tokyo-Yokohama) Electric 
Railway Company's line was prolonged from 
Omori to Anamori via Kabata some time ago 
there has been considerable ill-feeling on the part 
oijii/rikislia coolies in Kabata and the vicinity, 
the coolies objecting to the extension of the line. 
As the result of repeated negotiations the Com- 
pany is reported to have agreed to give yen 400 
in cash to ^50 coolies, thus putting an end to 
the trouble. 

Concerning the report that a certain foreign 
firm of Kobe has opened negotiations with the 
Third Bank for the purpose of purchasing yen 
3,500,000 worth of the Osaka Harbour Construc- 
tion bonds the Jiji says that the matter has ended 
in failure on account of the foreign firm having 
withdrawn from the negotiations. The foreign 
firm's attitude was apparently due, it is believed, 
to King Edward's illness. 

A collision occurred at Shanghai on June 21st 
between the Yuseh Kaisha's steamer Lyo Maru 
and the steamer Snian about 1,000 tons, of the 
Hamburg-American Steamship Company, with the 
result that both were damaged, though not exten- 
sively. According to the crew of the Lyo A/a///, 
which arrived at Kobe on June 26th, it appears 
that vessel, while anchoring at Shanghai, was run 
into by the German steamer, which came down 
the" Yangtse. — — 

The pictorial post cards issued in commemora- 
tion of the 25th anniversary of Japan's adhesion 
to the International Postal Union are steadily 
rising in price. Those bearing the post mark of 
" Jubile cfe L'entree dans L'Union Postale Uni- 
verselle, Tokyo, 1S77-1902," stamped at the 
Imperial Hotel on the occasion of the celebration 
held on June 21st, are wanted at three yen per 
card, while those bearing the mark of ordinary 
past offices, are quoted at the rate of three yen per 
set of six different cards. 

Members of the crew of the O.S.K.'s steamer Lse 
Man/, which arrived at Kobe on June 30th from 
Vladivostock, report that the business depression 
at Vladivostock has reached an indescribable 
point. In consequence, the steamer returned to 
Kobe without any cargo, except 2,700 bags of rice 
and some other goods taken on board at Gensan. 
At the latter port, many cases of dysentery were 
reported and the epidemic was spreading fast. 
There is unfortunately no infectious diseases hos- 
pital in Gensan at present. 

Attention is again directed to the case of nine 
persons in 0 ; aka who in November last were pro- 
secuted in the Kyoto Chiho Saibansho on a 
charge of having forged a number of the Kyushu 
Railway Company's shares. It is now reported 
that as the result of the preliminary examinations 
the Local Court on June 27th committed Naga- 
kawa Kichibei, Imai Kyukichi. Fukuoka Tsune- 
jiro and three others for public trial, while the 
remaining three were acquitted owing to lack of 


| July 5, 1902. 


Monday, June 30. 
The following imperial decree recently 
issued in Peking disposes finally of the ques- 
tion whether Princes Tuan, Chuang and the 
rest were really implicated in the Boxer 
rebellion : — 

We have received a memorial from the Imperial 
Clan Court asking whether the lineal heirs of die 
late Prince Chuang and other princes should he per- 
mitted to succeed to their fathers' titles. Now, in 
former times and under less serious circumstances 
previous Emperors of this dynasty have been known 
to have allowed the sons of cashiered princes and 
nobles to succeed to the rank and titles forfeited by 
their parents ; but in the present instance, Tsai Yi, 
Prince Tuan, 2nd Order; P'u Ching, Prince Yi, 
1st Order ; Tsai I Nun, Prince Chuang, 1st Order ; and 
Princes Tsai Lien and Tsai Ying, both of the 3rd Order, 
forfeited their respective ranks and titles on account 
of having endangered the safety of the Empire by 
their criminal encouragement of, and connection 
with, ruffians and desperadoes. Their crimes were, 
therefore, of too grave and serious a nature to allow 
their immediate descendants and lineal heirs to 
succeed to their cashiered parents' hereditary tides, 
etc., and we, therefore, cannot grant the memorial of 
the said Imperial Clan Court. We, however, hereby 
command the said court to select from the members 
of the Imperial Clan nearest to the throne for a special 
audience before us when we will then decide as to who 
shall be selected to succeed to the titles of the cashiered 
princes herein before mentioned. As for the cashier- 
ed Duke Tsai Lan, 3rd Order, who had forfeited his 
title on the same grounds, as the above title was 
granted to him as a promotion from his original 
rank of an Imperial noble, ninth in lineal descent to 
the throne, as this title naturally ceases with his heir, 
there will be no necessity for selecting any one to 
succeed him. 

It is stated, by the Asahi's Peking cor- 
respondent, that General Tung is at the head 
of only 1,500 men in Kanstt and that his 
potentialities have gradually declined to a 
vanishing quantity. Rumours recently cir- 
culated as to his rebellious intentions and his 
formidable strength are attributed by this 
correspondent to mere ignorance. We trust 
that the tale is true. 

Wednesday, July 2. 
When the council for discussing the ques- 
tion of restoring Tientsin met in Peking on 
the 28th of June, an unexpected element 
was introduced into the discussion by the 
Russian Representative, who announced that 
his Government did not see any occasion to 
appoint a successor to Major-General W r o- 
gack on the board of civil government. This 
statement seems to have taken the other 
Representatives completely by surprise as it 
amounted to Russia's withdrawal from 

ings of savages." The Heavenly Dynasty 
is probabl) of a very different mind now. 

The Chinese students in Tokyo, to the 
number of over three hundred, held a meet- 
ing in the Kinki-kan, Tokyo, on the 29th 
ultimo. According to the Japanese press, 
they all wore foreign costume, some being 
" away up " in the matter of the " hai-kara," 
and it would have been difficult for any 
casual observer to detect that the assem- 
bly did not consist of Japanese youths. 
Two or three girl students were among 
the number. They, of course, were con- 
spicuous by their " golden lily feet." The 
speeches were delivered in the Japanese 
language — somewhat halting in character, 
but eked out by ample gesticulation. As 
for the themes of discourse, they seem to 
have been of a censorious character. The 
defects of the educational system of China 
were denounced, as were also the faults of 
certain officials, and it was insisted that there 
could be no real progress in China so long as 
government and people are separated by a 
wide gulf. 

All this is very interesting. Put is it 
wise? Would it not be more prudent for 
these students to talk in private if talk 
they must ? 

A telegram to the fijiShimpo from Peking, 
dated June 30th, says that although only 7 
days remain of the first period fixed for the 
partial evacuation of Manchuria by Russia, 
no signs are apparent of any preparations 
for moving her troops. It is therefore con- 
jectured that she intends to regard as un- 
fulfilled the conditions preliminary to eva- 
culation so long as the problems of the Pe- 
king-Shanhaikwan Railway and the Tientsin 
civil government are not settled. Such is 
our contemporary's intelligence. Of course 
if Russia wants to find excuses for not 
evacuating Manchuria, she will have no 
difficulty in finding them, and equally of 
course many onlookers will suspect her of 
seeking excuses. But conjectures are dan- 
gerous in such matters. It is wiser to re- 
serve judgement until we have something 
more substantial to guide us than hypotheses 
and forecasts. 

A new trouble is reported to have arisen 
in connexion with this weary problem. 
China is said to have been discovered playing 
a facing-both-ways game. She promised 
England that the director of the line should 
be a British subject and that its extensions 

the concert of Powers so far as the Tien- 1 ghould be built by herself. But, at the 
tsin question was concerned. The Jijv^g^^ time; she secretly promised Russia that 
Shimpos Peking correspondent, by whom j the dj rector should never be an Englishman, 
the intelligence is sent, interprets it asj and that if extensions were built, recourse 
an evidence that Russia is pursuing in this | s h©uld be had to Russian capital. We do 
instance also her habitual policy of stepping j not - believe it. China often finds herself 
out of the arena when she has nothing^ 1 cau ght between the devil and the deep blue 
gain by obduracy, and when she sees an ; seH( and has to make a crucl wriggle to get 
opportunity of exalting herown magnanimity out of thc tigh . t p i ace> but s ], e j ias ' too mvK ^ 
at the expense of her some-time associates. sense to try the game of throwing palpable 
It must be confessed that the act appears to dust into the eyes G f both parties, 
warrant such a construction. But as for the! 

Tientsin question, it is becoming quite a| It appears that the project of abolishing 
Burlesque. Russia may very well have likin and increasing the duties on imports 
grown disgusted with it, and may have re- ! has not yet been abandoned. Sir James 
solved that the wisest course is to have I Mackay and the other members of the 
nothing more to say to it. The inci- Tariff Committee have proceeded to Nan- 
dent illustrates the terrible difficulties king for the purpose of consulting Viceroy 
that have to be encountered by foreign Liu Kun-yi. Should their interview with 
diplomats in Peking. A leader of over- ' him give any hope of ultimate success, 
whelming predominance is badly wanting, they will continue their journey in order 
It is related in the Sk&tg Wu-hi that to visit Viceroy Chang Chih-tung at W'u- 
when, during China's first war with an chang. Mr. Archibald Little, of " Up-the- 
European Power, the Ghoorkas made secret Yangtse- Gorges " fame, has addressed to 
proposals to attack the British on the flank, the North-China Daily News some strong 
Peking replied that " the Heavenly Dynasty letters, urging that the proposed replacement 
never Concerned itself with the mutual tilt- of likin by customs dues is the only wise 

policy in the interests of trade. But of what 
use is it that England alone should make 
this agreement ? Will other Powers consent ? 

The Kozan Tankcn-tai (mine-exploration 
party) is a band of mining experts despatch- 
ed by enterprising Japanese and Chinese 
subjects who have combined for the purpose 
of exploiting China's mineral resources. The 
principal) promoter in Japan is Mr. Tokura, 
who is said to have put up two million yen 
with the object of developing a coal mine in 
the Middle Kingdom. We read in the Jiji 
Shimpd s telegrams that this Kozan Ttjnkcn- 
tai having concluded its investigations in 
Chili, has now left that province. But of 
course nothing is said as to the result of 
the investigations. 

Thursday, July 3. 
An imperial decree has been issued in 
Peking calling upon Viceroys and Governors 
to avoid distressing the people by ill-con- 
sidered taxation on account of the Indemnity. 
These officials are urged to devise wise and 
tactful means of raising the required money. 
One is inclined to query the value of such 
edicts. If Peking would indicate some form 
of tax easily collected and not falling with 
oppressive weight on the lower orders, the 
situation might look brighter. But ex- 
hortations to be statesmanlike do not 
make statesmen. After all, we can not 
reflect upon China's condition without 
amazement. There are differences of 
opinion about her population, but it can 
scarcely be doubted that the eighteen pro- 
vinces have an aggregate of 380 million 
souls. What is a payment of 20 million 
taels annually to such a multitude? It re- 
presents only some 5 cents per head. That 
there should be any serious difficulty in 
collecting such a pittance seems incredible. 

The trouble continues about the conversion 
of the Indemnity into gold. China's sources 
of revenue are silver, and the burden laid 
upon her by the Powers, being gold, grows 
constantly with the appreciation of the latter 
metal. The Protocol signed in Peking re- 
quires her to pay in gold, the exchange being 
calculated at the rate of the day. She there- 
fore knew what she was undertaking. But 
she did not know and could scarce!}' foresee 
the heavy fall that has taken place in the 
gold-price of silver. Were she allowed to 
collect the customs dues in gold — -and really 
it is difficult to see any valid argument 
against her doing so — the situation would 
be considerably eased. Meanwhile it is 
stated that the Representative of one of 
the great Powers in Peking has suggest- 
ed, by way of remedy, some lengthening 
of the period for paying the installment. 
What would be gained by that, we wonder. 
The greater part of the amount that China 
has to pay now consists of interest. Some- 
thing like 18 million taels annually goes to 
that account. Obviously the payment of 
interest can not be deferred, and if the 
payment of the principal be put off, then the 
interest increases correspondingly. Such a 
programme seems quite unpractical. The 
only effective remedy in the way of remis- 
sion would be to reduce the rate of interest, 
a course which would not obtain the consent 
of Powers that have already dealt with the 

It was stated in telegrams from Peking 
published by Tokyo journals on the 1st inst., 
that the period for the withdrawal of the 
first portion of the Russian forces from Man- 
churia would expire in a week, but that no 
signs of preparation for withdrawal were yet 


apparent. There seems to be some mis- 
understanding. The Manchurian Conven- 
tion was signed by Lessar, Ching and Wang 
Wen-shao on the 8th of April, and it pro- 
vided that the troops in the south-west 
portion of the province of Mukden should 
be withdrawn as far as the Liao River, 
"in the course of six months after the 
signature of this convention." The 
six months will therefore expire on 
the 6th of October, which is still three 
months distant. Apparently the correspon- 
dents who telegraphed this item laboured 
under the impression that the Convention 
spoke of three months, not six. 

China has applied to Japan for a teacher 
of international law. The Minister of State 
for Education offered the post to Professor 
Matsuoka, and subsequently to Professor 
Nakamura, but both declined. Attempts 
are now being made to induce Professor 
Takahashi to go. 


Friday, June 27. 
Reports from Saga says that the cholera 
shows signs of spreading, but no particulars 
are given. In Nagasaki the authorities are 
evidently taking very resolute measures. It 
has been decided to innoculate a hundred 
thousand persons as a preventive step, and 
six physicians are expected to perform the 
work in 8 or 9 days. That would mean the 
innoculation of nearly two thousand persons 
daily by one physician, a scarcely credible 
feat. What this innoculation means we are 
not in a position to state clearly. There can 
be no mistake about the translation — kessei 
Sesshu are the original terms, — and rumour 
attributes the precaution to investigations 
made by Mr. Kitasato. A strange piece of 
news is that the malady has attacked cats. 
Over thirty of these animals hav,p died in a 
suburb (Higashi Matsura-gori) of Nagasaki. 
Perhaps a holocaust ofcats may be necessary, 
which would be a calamity in the eyes of 
many people. Another measure adopted by 
the Nagasaki Prefectural Authorities is to 
throw kerosene into the canals so as to 
prevent people from drinking the water. 

Saturday, June 28. 

Three cases of cholera have occurred in 
the Shiba district of Tokyo. Two are said 
to have been sporadic, but of the three cases 
two ended fatally. The police have decided 
to adopt the most stringent measures of dis- 
infection. There has also been a patient in 
the Kanda district, who died shortly after 
being attacked. 

In Saga there arc apprehensions that the 
disease has again broken out. It seemed 
to have disappeared, but on the 27th there 
were three fresh cases, one of them fatal. 
Altogether the number of cases in Saga 
from the commencement of the epidemic on 
the 2nd of June up to the 27th was 47, of 
which 26 ended fatally. In Nagasaki there 
have been three cases and two deaths, and 
in Formosa eleven cases and five deaths. 

The Fujiyama Maru,of the Mitsui Bussan 
Kaisha, which entered Kuchinotsu on the 
afternoon of the 26th, had a Japanese stoker 
suffering from cholera. 1 le died in port. 

A telegram to the Jiji Shimpo from Naga- 
saki says that a man who has just returned 
from Newchwang reports about ten cases- 
daily at that place. 1 le adds that the Rus- 
sian authorities adopt very severe measures 
in dealing with patients, and that much 
alarm has been caused among the Chinese, 
some two thousand of whom have moved 

elsewhere. We should imagine that the 
cholera itself is much more likely to have 
been the cause of this exit than any steps 
taken by the authorities. 

Sunday, June 29. 
The cholera shows signs of spreading in 
Tokyo. Cases have occurred in 1 Iirakawa-cho 
and Shinjuku. Moreover, the Atago-shita 
(Shiba) patients reported in our last issue pro- 
ved to be suffering from a malignant form of 
the disease. An alarm was caused on the 28th 
instant in the Yushima Preparatory School 
during commencement exercises. Four girls 
fell, one after another, and were violently 
sick. The Oduo writes of this incident "as 
though the malady were cholera, but the 
Jiji says that the cause of the trouble was 
noxious atmosphere, and that the children 
all recovered. The total number of cases in 
Tokyo up to the present has been seven, of 
which four ended fatally. 

Reports from Amoy and Hankow show 
that the disease is raging there. It seems 
to be particularly virulent at Hankow : two 
foreigners and one Japanese have died. 
From Tientsin the news is that the malady 
appears to be losing its force within the city 
and spreading in the suburbs. The statistics 
from Tientsin are so confused, however, that 
little idea can be definitely formed of the 
progress of the disease. 

There have been two fresh cases of cholera 
in the Atago-shita district of Tokyo, and 
one new case in the Shinjuku district. 

Wednesday, July 2. 
There have been two cases of cholera in 
the Kyobashi district. Their origin is curious. 
The two patients are husband and wife. 
Their daughter had been living in the house 
of a married couple in the Atago-shita dis- 
trict who were recently seized with the 
malady and carried off to hospital. It thus 
became necessary for the girl's parents to 
take her home, and her presence in their 
house made them so fearful of catching the 
disease that they finally did catch it though 
the girl escaped. 

A case is reported in the Honjo district 

The two Shinjuku patients have both 
died, and a post-mortem examination show- 
ed that they had genuine cholera. 

A telegram from the Governor of Saga 
says that there have been 8 new cases in 
Ogi-gori, but the Jiji s correspondent, tele- 
graphing from the same place a clay later, 
puts the number at 16. 

A sailor on board the Fujiyama Mam, 
lying in Nagasaki, was attacked on the 28th 
of June ; two others were seized on the 30th. 

Thursday, July 3. 
A child of eight — whose seizure by cholera 
was reported in our last — died on the 30th 
ultimo. It appears that she had indulged in 
eating a quantity of plums. There have 
, been two fresh cases of the disease in the 
same district — Honjo, Tokyo, — and much 
alarm is said to be felt. The authorities are 
taking vigorous sanitary measures. 

Eight new cases arc reported among the 
crew of the Fujiyama Maru lying in Naga- 
saki. One of them terminated fatally. The 
Yawata Mane, which has just entered that 
port from Australia, had a doubtful case on 
board and is under observation. 

We have received in advance from the pub- 
lishers, a very excellent and clear flashlight 
photograph of the eleventh annual dinner of the 
Japan Society held in London, which is to he 
presented with the first number of a new journal 
entitled The Anglo Japanese Gazette. 

MR. WU. 

Mr. Wu has reached Tokyo, and is tem- 
porarily lodging in I lirakawa-cho, Kojimachi, 
at the Mitsubashi Inn. I le expects to spend 
some months in the capital and talks of 
renting a house. Interviewed by a repre- 
sentative of the Jiji Shimpo. Mr. Wu says 
that he conceived the project of visiting 
Japan many months ago, and that he had 
been much urged to do so, especially by 
Yung Lu and Prince Shu. He is accom- 
panied by a cousin of Yung Lu. His 
original purpose had been to spend a short 
time in Japan, but he is now convinced that 
a stay of several months will be necessary. 
It appears that Mr. Wu's aim is, not 
specially to improve the system of educa- 
tion for the literati class, but to bring 
the advantages of instruction within reach 
of all classes. He has been much 
struck by the Japanese method of pro- 
viding virtually free instruction for the 
poor, and it is said that the arrange- 
ments and structure of the common school 
at Mikage in Settsu impressed him par- 
ticularly. The Mikage people spent three 
hundred thousand yen on their school. An 
extensive programme of inspection is laid 
out for Mr. Wu during his sojourn in Japan. 
Mr. Wu has had a varied career. He at- 
tained the rank of governor, and would 
doubtless have risen to very high official 
position had he not preferred to devote himself 
to education. Before starting his celebrated 
school in Paoting he was asked to become 
president of the Peking College, but he de- 
clined to accept the post as he saw no 
prospect of carrying out the reforms upon 
which he had set his heart. 

Mr. Wu, when passing through Kyoto a 
few days ago, delivered a lecture at the 
Kyoto University. He seems to have 
spoken very plainly. During the Sui and 
Tang dynasties, he said, China stood several 
steps higher than the rest of the world in 
literature and general civilization, and Japan- 
ese students came to drink at her Castilian 
fountains. But now she has grown old in 
such matters. Her bulk and her vast popu- 
lation remain " but she is full of emptiness. 
Japan on the contrary is small and her people 
do not number many millions, but she and they 
are full of vigour and progressive impulses. 
Unfortunately the two countries recently fell 
out, but that was only a temporary affair. 
Their differences have now been forgotten, 
and the time has come when China looks 
earnestly to her neighbour for close and 
friendly union. Japan is advancing so rapid- 
ly along the paths of progress that she seems 
likely to distance her teachers 1 , and Mr. Wu 
said that he looked to learn much on this 
tour of inspection. He himself, he added, 
was old and no longer capable of great 
efforts, but happily he was accompanied by 
Mr. Shao Yung, to whom he looked for mate- 
rial assistance. He hoped to take back to his 
country many useful patterns from Japan, 
though whether they would be adopted in 
China he did not venture to affirm. 


We are asked to publish the following : — 
" The subscriptions for the victims of the 
Martinique disaster produced in Tokyo and 
Yokohama nearly eight thousand yen. The 
Minister of France begs the Lady Patrones- 
ses who lent him such precious assistance, 
and all the subscribers, to receive the ex- 
pression of his lively and sincere gratitude." 

4 W»iha*Hfltt0l3Htt»ttttiSi.I tMe japan weekly mail. 

[July 5, 1902. 


Major Nezu, of the Ton Dobunkai, w ho 
has just returned from China,, says to a re- 
presentative of the Nippon that southern 
China is far more progressive than northern 
and that even in southern China the districts 
governed by Viceroy Chang Chih-tung are 
pre-eminently advanced. The Viceroy, it 
appears, has decided to re-organize the 
principal educational institutions on the 
basis of an university and middle schools, 
and further to establish a foreign lan- 
guages school where Occidental Science 
will be taught as well as European lan- i 
guages, and where Japanese instructors ; 
will be employed. As to military science, | 
there is an officers' college where German j 
teachers are engaged, and there is a staff 
officers' college resembling the Japanese 
Shikwan Cakko, where four Japanese are 
employed on the faculty, namely, Captains 
Ohara, Hirao, Kojima and Mizuma. Attach- 
ed to the latter institution is a model batta- 
lion, resembling the Japanese Kyodo-dan. 
In many other respects the school is up 
to the highest modern standards. Major 
Nezu seems to have formed a very flatter- 
ing opinion of the methods pursued at 
this school. He thinks that after a few 
years its influence will be widely perceptible 
in the Chinese Army. As for equipment, 
he declares that nothing is left to be desired, 
the men being armed with the latest pattern 
of five-shot repeating rifle. The Viceroy 
has over five thousand troops that have been 
trained by German and Japanese officers. 
The Major has also some words of praise for 
the Hanyang arsenal, which now turns out 
12,000 stand of small arms and 70 guns 
annually, and which could produce very 
much more in an emergency. 

f. Major Nezu further says that nothing 
struck him more forcibly on his recent 
visit to South China than the changed 
attitude of the people towards military 
affairs. It used to be the habit to despise 
soldiers, but now a totally different mood 
begins to show itself. Drill is taught in the 
schools, the students wear a kind of uniform, 
and to produce a brave heart is considered 
one of the first aims of the educator. Major 
Nezu justly describes this as a very marked 
alteration. If the Chinese begin to be a 
warlike nation, Far Eastern politics will re- 
quire to be handled according to a new 

Major Nezu further says that the English 
and Japanese languages have now become a 
part of the common-school curricula in 
Hupeh and Nanking. The new educational 
institutions created recently by imperial edict 
were after the model of Viceroy Yuan's 
Shantung college, where English, French, 
German and Russian were taught, but no 
Japanese. A new departure has been made 
in the south, however.and English and Japan- 
ese are almost the only languages studied 
there. In Wu-chang there are eleven private 
schools, all flourishing. It is notable that 
they have reading rooms where newspapers 
are perused. The Major speaks also of 
Nanking, where private effort seems to be 
very successful in this field. The system 
of elementary and middle schools is about 
to be adopted, and there are teachers' schools, 
science schools and so on. The chief science 
school has sent 13 students to be instructed 
in Japan. A German subject keeps a mili- 
tary school, where, however, Major Nezu 
expects that Japanese models will soon be 
followed, though he does not say why. 
There is also a Rempei Gakko (military 
tr aining school) where the teachers are all 

Chinese but the methods Japanese ; and 
there is a naval school where one American 
is employed. 

Viceroys Liu and Chang, says the Major, 
work hand in hand. They compare notes 
about educational affairs, and they even 
take care to use the same readers in the 
schools under their jurisdiction. 

Great success has attended the new silver 
coinage system in Nanking, Wuchang, 
S/xhuan, Canton and Fuhkien. The quan- 
tity of coins struck in Nangking alone is 
1 70,000 yen worth daily. The charge made 
for coinage is , „-„ „. 


It is stated by Korean officials that the 
reported killing of three Japanese at Yong- 
an, in Chollado, had no connexion with the 
riot that occurred there. The riot itself 
proved to be an affair of very small impor- 
tance. Quiet was restored immediately after 
the flight of the official whose exorbitant col- 
lection of taxes had caused the trouble. 
With regard to the Japanese, the story is 
that they were fishermen who had commit- 
ted some robbery in the neighbourhood of 
Jol-san, and on being apprehended by the 
people of the district, two of the men com- 
mitted suicide and the third was sent adrift 
in a boat with the corpses. In a few days 
the boat came ashore again at Jol-san, now 
containing three corpses. That is the very 
remarkable tale told by the local officials. 
It sounds too clumsy to have been delibe- 
rately invented. Of course some Japanese 
police have been sent to investigate. 

The Koreans must be exceedingly rc- 
sourceless people. Again and again the 
public has been startled by news that Koreans 
are prowling about Japan with imperial com- 
missions to assassinate some of the refugees. 
But in no single instance has any one of 
these gentlemen accomplished his purpose. 
The most they ever achieved was to inviegle 
Kim Ok-kiun out of this country and then 
to murder him in a Shanghai hostelry. 
Apparently they could do nothing decisive 
in Japan. Tokyo journals now relate that 
one of these would-be assassins, Kin Chai- 
sok, who is described as having held the post 
of privy councillor in Soul, has just been de- 
ported from Japan. It seems that his special 
aim was to make away with Pak Yong-hyo 
(Boku Yeiko), and that, having found that 
feat impossible, he next turned his attention 
to the son of Kim Ok-kiun. Here, too, the 
police were too much for him. Finding, 
probably, that his proceedings had lost the 
lurid interest they once possessed for his 
paymasters in Soul, he recently addressed 
to the Korean Emperor a memorial disclosing 
the fact that Baron Komura and Pak 
Yong-hyo had entered into a plot to 
convert Korea into a republic with Pak 
for president. Under these urgent circum- 
stances, it was evident, he contended, 
that ten thousand yen did not constitute a 
sufficient reward for taking the life of one of 
the arch-conspirators, and really the amount 
should be increased to twenty thousand. 
The document became known, and Kin Chai- 
sok has been courteously requested to leave 
Japan. He is probably a poor, harmless 
creature, but he can scarcely expect the 
public to have a higher opinion of him 
than he has of himself. 

The Svct has a leading article, the gist of 
which is published in a telegram to the Jiji 
Shimpo, It is contended by the Russian 
journal that Russia's position in the Far 

East is not at all satisfactory. Port Arthur 
is declared to be an inferior naval station 
capable of being easily blockaded and, more- 
over, practically useless in winter. The 
same is true of Vladivostock, and the con- 
sequence is that in winter Russian vessels 
have to avail themselves of the shelter of 
Nagasaki or some other Japanese harbour. 
Evidently in the event of war Japan would 
block both Port Arthur and Vladivostock, 
and to be property prepared against obvious 
contingencies Russia ought to take posses- 
sion of Masampo. 

Such is the argument attributed to the 
Svct. It is an old argument, but perhaps 
none the less potent for that, since, on the 
del tttda- est- carthago principle, a dictum need 
only be repeated often and it is sure to 
obtain public approval. We should hope, 
however, that there is still a long interval 
between the suggestion of the Svet and its 
practical adoption by the Russian Govern- 
ment, for assuredly the occupation of 
Masampo could not be endured by Japan, 
and any attempt to carry out such a project 
would mean war. 


I It is openly stated that the arrangements 
now effected for the employment of foreign 
capital in the Osaka and Tokyo Gas 
j companies is chiefly owing to the re- 
j presentation made by Baron Shibusavva in 
j New York. The Tokyo Company has a 
1 paid-up capital of 4,200,000 yen in 84,000 
I shares of 50 yen each, which shares arc now 
selling at between 70 and 80 yen. The ar- 
I rangement effected with American capitalists 
is to double the number of shares, the 
i Americans buying the whole of the increased 
j stock at 80 yen per share, and thus bringing 
j to the Company's coffers a fund of 6,720,000 
lyen. Of that sum the portion representing 
I the premium on the shares, namely, 2,5 20,000 
\ycn, will be set aside as a reserve and the re- 
mainder will be devoted to extending the Com- 
pany's works. The Shogyo Shimpo, comment- 
ing on this arrangement, says that the Osaka 
Gas Company — which has effected a similar 
compact — was the first to accomplish the in- 
troduction of foreign capital in the true sense 
of the word. Messrs. Murai Brothers' 
method amounts to nothing more than a 
partnership, and the Tokyo Electric Tram 
company has merely obtained rails and 
plant on a system of deferred payments. 
But the Osaka and Tokyo Gas Companies 
have accomplished the thing in a genuine 
manner. Our contemporary takes the trouble 
to address some reassuring words to timid 
folks among its nationals, who apprehend 
that foreigners, having acquired one half of 
the shares of a great Japanese Company, 
will use their power to the injury of the 
Japanese. What the Shogyo writes for the 
purpose of dispelling such a silly apprehen- 
sion is well enough in its way, but our con- 
temporary might have added that foreigners 
do not invest their money in a Japanese 
enterprise for the purpose of ruining it. If 
they bring their capital to this country it 
is with the object of obtaining substantial 
profits, and that can not be effected 
without conferring the same benefit upon 
the Japanese shareholders. There is not 
and there can not be anything selfish in the 
business. The only thing that surprises us 
is the prosperity of the Gas Company. We 
should not have thought that gas and elec- 
tricity could both find such a profitable field 
in the capital. 

July 5. 1902.] 



Talking of the coming elections, Mr. Ozaki 
Yukio does not think that any great impor- 
tance need be attached to them, or that, 
whatever their result, much change will take 
place in the world of politics. We do not 
clearly follow the reasoning upon which that 
view is based. Mr. Qzaki's estimate of 
political parties in Japan is that they are 
associations bound together not by principles 
but by sentiment. He declares that the 
members of a party are animated by a spirit 
something like that of the Forty-seven 
Ronin. They think that all must live or die 
together, whatever be the platform on which 
they stand. But why, under such circum- 
stances, should the numerical strength of a 
party be a matter of indifference, as we under- 
stand Mr. Ozaki to say that it is ? If a party 
holds together so tenaciously, it becomes a 
political weapon formidable in direct pro- 
portion to its strength, and should the next 
elections result in a marked change of 
numerical distribution, equally marked con- 
sequences ought to follow. Mr. Ozaki 
appears to meet that difficulty by arguing 
that since principles have so little value with 
party politicians, the situation in the Diet is 
always controllable by means at the disposal 
of the Government. But, on the other 
hand, it may justly be contended that the 
larger a party the more difficult must its 
control be found by the Ministry. We must 
note, too, that our own observation of 
Japanese politics does not bear out 
Mr. Ozaki's dictim. We have not seen 
any evidences of the life-and-death 
solidarity that he ascribes to political parties 
in Japan. On the contrary, they seem to us 
to be influenced by centrifugal forces almost 
equally with centripetal, and to be perpetu- 
ally liable to disintegrations on a large or 
small scale. 

us of the existence of the Yoga-kai, a recol- 
lection which certainly needs renewing if it 
rests solely on the pictures displayed ' at 
Uyeno last spring. 



The Plochi Shuribun announces the arrest 
in New York of Mr. Rosenthal, head of the 
firm of Messrs. Rosenthal and Fried, in con- 
nexion with customs frauds. Our contem- 
porary alleges that the frauds were discover- 
ed owing to a dispute between Mr. Rosenthal 
and some of his business associates, and 
that they may be followed by apprehensions 
in Yokohama also. The story is given in 
outline only. 

Since the above was published in Tokyo 
the Yokohama representatives of the firna 
have been applied to by us, and they state 
that so far as their knowledge goes there is 
absolutely no foundation for the report. 


The Sliogyo SJiimpo alleges that there can 
now be no doubt about the arrest of Mr. 
Rosenthal in New York on a charge of 
fraud in connection with the import of 
habutaye into the United States. The fact 
of the arrest has been communicated to Japan 
several times within the past few days. 

Concerning liabutaye the Shogyo says that 
very stringent methods have been adopted 
in Fukui, the principal place of production, 
to check abuses, such as the loading of the 
material with water and starch, and the put- 
ting up of sliort lengths. A severe system 
of inspection was suddenly applied, and 
everything defective received no mercy at 
the hands of the inspectors. But the Tokyo 
journal alleges that these efforts can never 

The Jiji Shimpo writes vehemently against 
the preservation of feudal-time linguistic dis- 
tinctions between the upper and the lower 
orders in Japan. Tilings have changed little 
in this respect, our contemporary affirms. 
The people still speak of the nation as kaini 
seiju no daijin yori sliimo jimmin ni itaru 
made, and when the Government sells any of 
its properties it calls the transaction urisage 
or haraisage ; the suffix sage indicating transfer 
from above downwards, while an official 
purchase becomes kaiagc, as though the 
article in question ascended into some ele- 
vated atmosphere. Then when civilians 
send in a memorial they say ncgaitatcmatsuru 
(humbly beg) whereas the officials that 
reject it say kyakka (sent down) in the 
same way that to be under the jurisdic- 
tion of an office is called kanka. All 
these things offend the Jiji Shimpo s sense 
of propriety, and it goes so far as to opine 
that no parallel is to be found elsewhere. 
But that is perhaps saying too much. Does 
not our contemporary recall the celebrated 
contest at Canton in the year 1835, when 
Lord Napier's attempts to transmit his 
despatches to the Governor without add- 
ing the superscription ping provoked so 
much trouble ? A Chinese literatus has 
still to follow that form. Even in Eng- 
land, too, a petitioner to the throne 
or to the powers that be adopts a very 
humble tone and observes certain canons of 
language that suggest a great gulf between 
the writer and the addressee. Such terms 
as "urisxgc and kaiage do not strike us 
as particularly objectionable ; they embody 
information which could not otherwise be 
conveyed without a paraphrase. As for 

can not be confidently counted on, greatly 
as it is to be desired, so says the Shogyo. 

The laihei Yogakai (Pacific Foreign Pic- 
ture Society) have issued a catalogue show- 
ing the pictures exhibited by them last spring. 
These catalogues are not without interest as 
indicating the class of subjects selected by the 
painters. But they tell only of the composi- 
tion of the picture represented and convey 
no information as to quality. In the case of 

portraits or genre pictures one can of course! when taken before Commissioner Sine 
learn a great deal from collotype reproduc- 1 heW in >3°. co ° bail each - 
tions, but where there is question of land- 
scapes, sea-scapes, interiorsand so forth, these 
miniature copies are very misleading. Our 
readers arc probably aware that the Taihei 
Yogakai is the successor of the Meiji Bijutsu- 
kai. We are not familiar with the reasons for 

be more than partially successful so long as kyakka and kanka> the former appears 
the foreign exporters in Yokohama connive | to CO nvey nothing more than the English 
at frauds and make profit out of them. The j 
Yokohama exporter is generally only a com- 1 
mission agent who cares little if anything 
about the development of Japan's manufac- j 
turing enterprise and thinks only, or mainly, I 
of his own profit. Therefore his cooperation | 

From the issue of the New York Herald of June 
[Oth, we find that Abraham S. Rosenthal and 
Martin L. Cohn " comprising the silk importing firm 
of A. S. Rosenthal^: Co.," were arrested in New 
York. Three complaints were made ayainst them and 

ds they were 

" sent down " and the latter recalls our own 
expression " under Has jurisdiction." The 
question is where natural subordination ends 
and unnatural social distinctions commence. 
But we are entirely at one with the spirit of 
our contemporary's article. Only we should 
adduce examples of a more obviously objec- 
tionable nature were the task imposed on us. 


Mr. T. C. 

One of the three complaints accuses the firm of 
having on July 161I1 of last year made an entry of 
silk and cotton goods on a fraudulent and false in- 
voice, dated at Yokohama, on June 26th previous, 
the goods 

the suit for libel brought against 
Cowen by Mr. H. D. O'Shea in 
the following occurred in Mr. 
Cowen's cross-examination : — 

Did the Kxpress commend your action as corres- 
pondent, or criticise it, or expiess any opinion about 
it at all ? — They kept on sending me instructions from 

covering fifteen cases of 

gave the weight of the goods as 3,139 pounds, 
when the actual weight was 3,716 pounds. An- 
other importation was also from Yokohama on 
the reconstruction, nor can we perceive that | j u | y 30th, when thirty-four cases of silk goods 

were invoiced as weighing 3.552 pounds though 
the real weight is said to have been 4.528 pounds. 

This invoice j time to time up to September 
id saying tha 
as early at least as any other paper? — I 

its artistic results have been striking. The 

cultivation of Western pictorial art in Japan . 

. . , • vcc i/j I the third complaint deals with an importation of 

is earned on under immense difficulties, . |)ree c;ises of ; F goods from the r „. m 0 ' t - G . Goud . 
which, as they have often been detailed in cbaud & Co., of Lyons, France, on july 13th, 1901, 
these columns, need not be repeated here. \ which were said to weigh 380 pounds when it should 
Probably the Japanese will ultimately make ! have been 448 pounds. 

'ri c • wis 1 ~~ 1 . a lhe attorney of the accused, in answer to the com- 

a success. The foreign public has learned !,..,. > 

that they generally do make a success, ; u We deny the charges and as k f()1 . a hearing, 
of greater or less degree, in every- j There is nothing in the charges." 

which they put their hand 
are bound to say that the 

thing to 
Still we 

number of meritorious oil and water colours, 
after the Occidental school, produced in 
Japan to-day, is smaller, so far as general 
knowledge goes, than it was five years ago. 
How that decadence is to be interpreted it 
would be rash to prophesy. Perhaps we are 
passing through a period of merely temporary 
depression and discouragement. At all 
events the issue of this catalogue reminds 

According to the N. Y. Her j Id the members of the 
firm, when attention was first called to under state- 
ments in the weight of shipments said it must have 
been the mistake of the Japanese shippers, and they 
COUldn't account for it. 

Lord Kitchener's departure from South Africa 
was foreshadowed in a telegram from London on 
June 2nd which said: — Lieut. -General the Hon. 
N. (•. Lyttleton recently visited Pretoria, meeting 
Lord Milncr and Lord Kitchener. This points 
to his officiating for the latter shortly. 

j their news 

; received a telegram to that effect in three different 
I forms. The date of the telegram was the 3rd July. 
! It read " Cowen care of O'Shea. Expect to be in- 
j formed ahead Unify News important movement 
Allies' advance." 

; Were you acting as correspondent of the Daily 
I Nffjm ? — I was acting as correspondent for the Daily 
j Anus, and I was acting for the Express, supplying 
! the Express with information through a deputy. I 
might explain a little further. The Express found 
I fault with the arrangements my brother had made, 
I but I knew nothing more about it and had nothing 
i more to do with it. 

' It is not often that opportunities occur for 
' getting off such magnificent practical jokes 
' as Mr. Cowen played on the Daily Express. 
j While that journal was wiring that it expect- 
i ed to get intelligence from him ahead of the 
Daily News, he was actually serving as 
correspondent of the latter journal. His 
telegrams for the Express were sent through 
a deputy and his telegrams to the Nexvs 
went direct. It was like the " Marchioness " 
playing cribbage left hand against right. 

6 Wtttt£*5J3ttB*H»«ffl«&TSJ THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 

[July 5, 1902. 


Tokyo newspapers speak of the great loss 
that has been caused direct ly and indirectly by 
the sudden illness of King Edward, The)- are 
disposed to dwell upon the direct losses, and 
to endorse and amplify remarks made on 
this subject by local Yokohama journals. 
But this direct loss is not so real, perhaps, as 
some writers suggest. Tradespeople who 
make arrangements for a great festivity in the 
hope of recouping themselves out of the ex- 
penditure of the masses, may be said to suffer 
loss in one sense by such a postponement. 
But the masses gain, for they keep their 
money in their pockets. The net result of 
the thing is that instead of carrying a great 
number of costly preparations to completion 
and instead of the public having a holiday 
and pouring out its money lavishly, the pre- 
parations are abandoned and the public, 
losing its holiday, saves its money. Much 
will have to be done twice over — at least we 
earnestly hope that it will — , but if that 
means a great additional expenditure of 
material, it means also the enriching of 
many producers and artizans. When the 
items of the account are carefully considered 
it is found that " direct loss " is somewhat 
of a misnomer in such cases. 

Here in Yokohama, for example, we shall 
all have to put our hands once more into 
our pockets, for of course a great part of the 
money hitherto subscribed had been expend- 
ed before the news of His Majesty's illness 
arrived. But our money will simply go into 
other hands. There will be no ultimate 
loss. The one irreparable loss would be 
His Majesty's death, and so long as that is 
averted there will be little to complain of. 
A few days must settle the question of life 
or death. So long as the period of suspense 
lasts there will be a season of business depres- 
sion due to uncertainty and to the sense of 
calamity that ail great disturbances of pro- 
gramme entail. But when it is known, as 
we all hope it will soon be known, that the 
King is to be spared, the sun will shine out 
more brightly than ever. We may add 
that the opinion of some of the most eminent 
medical experts in Tokyo is decidedly 

in the YofOHU (lioho, and it was only 
necessary to threaten him with a repeti- 
tion of the torture from another direction, 
lie put up his money freely to buy immu- 
nity. The public should be sincerely grate- 
ful to the police for their vigorous action in 
these matters. There is now talk of a crusade 
against the scheister class of lawyer. That 
class will be harder to tackle, we fear, but 
all the best wishes of order-loving folk will 
be with the police in their endeavours. 




Three more of the blackmailers have been ' 
duly committed for trial. They are Shimizti 
Yasutaro, an editor of the Yamato Shimbun, 
Tsuda Tsunesaburo, an author, and Doi 
Teiya, a member of the staff of the Iiyu 
Tsushm (Liberal News Agency). Against 
these gentlemen the charge of blackmailing 
is supplemented by other counts such ' 
as forgery and theft of seals. We need, 
scarcely say that the Yorozu Clwlio figures 
in the transaction, though in this in-' 
stance it was merely used as an in- 1 
strument of intimidation on account of its 
writings in the past and the possibili-j 
ties of its writings in the future. As to 
the proceedings of the blackmailers, there 
is nothing specially novel to relate. Their 
victims were Mr. Ohashi Sahei, of the Haku- 
bunkan, who ought to have known better, 
and Mr. Murata Sakichi, a tobacconist. The 
plan pursued in the case of the former was 
to have a spicy composition prepared by the 
author, Tsuda, and to submit it for the victim's 
inspection preparatory to publication. There 
are some curious details as to cut-and-come- 
agaitl manoeuvres of the fraternity of robbers 
but they scarcely deserve reproduction. 
With regard to the tobacconist, things were 
easier, for In: had already been reduced 
to a state of nervous prostration by libels 

It has often been said that the attack 
made by Chinese mobs on foreign mission- 
aries suspected of kidnapping' children or of 
murdering them for medicinal purposes, are 
really exhibitions of anti-foreign feeling and 
tlo not owe their origin to any genuine be- 
lief in the outrages which avowedly inspire 
them. By way of commentary on that 
assertion the following is interesting: — 

According to a Nanch'ang, capital of Kiangsi, des- 
patch, the inhabitants of Pinghsianghsien, anil other 
districts bordering on the Hunan frontiers, are at 
present in a very excited slate owing to the sudden 
influx into that district recently of a number of kid- 
nappers, alleged to be natives of Kneichau and 
Szechuan provinces. These kidnappers, are charged 
with having abducted from Ptnghsinghsien alone no 
less than fourteen boys, between the ages of six and 
twelve, before one of these men was caught plying 
at the nefarious trade. It appeared that while 
certain persons who had mysteriously lost their 
children were abroad trying to get a clue of the 
kidnappers, one of the latter boldly entered, on the 
evening of the 26th 01" May last, a house situated in- 
side the (heat Western-gate of Pinghsiang city, which 
somehow he had learned contained only a single wo- 
man and her young child. The ruffian made a grab 
at the child, stuffed a cotton gag into its mouth with 
lightning rapidity and, before its astonished mother 
could call out for help, was making his way out of 
the house and across the street. At last the woman 
found her voice and rushing out called out at the top 
of her voice " Kidnappers ! Kidnappers ! Stop them ! 
Stop them !" 

Just at that moment a couple of those people 
who were searching for their lost children passed 
by and already had their suspicions aroused at 
the mysterious movements of the kidnapper \\ ho 
had the child in his arms, with its head pressed 
close to his breast, to prevent people from recognis- 
ing it. As soon as they heard the cry of " Kid- 
nappers " they made at once for the man, who find- 
ing himself pursued threw the child down into a near- 
by "utter, outside the city gates, where it was after- 
wards rescued by its mother. The kidnapper darted 
for the railway track hoping to escape in the darkness, 
but fortunately some soldiers posted along the 1 ail- 
way to guard the newly constructed line saw the 
chare coming towards them, and ran forward to 
meet the kidnapper, who literally fell plump into 
their arms. The exasperated putsuers, who now 
numbered quite a mob, at once fell upon the ruffian 
and killed him on the spot, too angry to think at the 
moment that it would have been better to have given 
him his life for the time being in order to find out 
from him who were his accomplices, etc. The next 
day the district magistrate of Pinghsiang issued a 
proclamation offering large rewards for the capture 
of kidnappers, and on the 28th of that month 
(May) another kidnapper was arrested who con- 
fessed that their society numbered eighty-seven 
men, natives of various provinces, and that their 
headquarters were at Hsinhua, Hunan province. At 
that place they were divided into several parties, and 
ordered by their leaders to visit the adjoining pro- 
vinces of Hupeh, Kiangsi, Anhui, etc - ., his party, 
numbering fourteen men, being detailed to kidnap 
children in Kiangsi province. Their object of kid- 
napping children was to procure their eyeballs, livers 
antl hearts — the same old story- — for medicinal pur- 
poses. This kidnapper was summarily executed. 
Shortly afterwards the people in the villages captured 
seven more kidnappers, who were also summarily 
beaten to death by them without referring to the city 
authorities. Finally, from the district of Lilinghsien, 
Hunan, which is near the Kiangsi border, it is alleged 
that within the month of May alone no less than 
sixty-four children of both sexes were kidnapped, 
leaving no traces behind of their whereabouts. 

If the Chinese believe that their own 
nationals use the eyeballs, livers and hearts 
of children for medicinal purposes, there is 
no reason why they should not believe it 
about foreigners also. 

Prince Vladimir arrived in Tokyo on the 
[forenoon of the 2nd inst. The accounts pub- 
jblished by vernacular journals as to the ar- 
rangements for his entertainment in Tokyo 
are so contradictory that we fail to extract 
the truth from them. It would seem, at any 
I rate, that His Highness was to dine at the 
Palace on Wednesday evening. 

The Russian battleship Sevastopol having 
on board the Prince arrived in Yokohama 
about 10 a.m. steaming inside the harbour 
and making fast to a buoy near the entrance. 
As she came slowly in from the Lightship 
towards the lines of warships in the naval 
anchorage she was saluted by and saluted 
the various flags, that is to say the Japanese, 
German, Austrian and Italian. 

The distinguished visitor -and his suite im- 
mediately landed in an official launch antl 
was received by Major-General Prince 
Kanin and by the Russian Minister, the 
Governor of Kanagawa Prefecture and other 
military and civil officials. After a short 
rest at the Imperial Pavilion, the party left 
at 10.50 and drove to the Yokohama Station 
where there were drawn up the band and 
over three hundred bluejackets from the 
Japanese battleship Hatsuse. The band 
played the Russian and Japanese national 
ailthems and amid shouts of " banzai " the 
two Princes and their suites entered a special 
train and left for Tokyo at a little past 1 t a.m. 


The two Field-Marshals seem to have been 
exchanging compliments. Count von Wal- 
dersee is reported to have told Lord Roberts 
that the humane conduct of the British 
! troops in South Africa and their great 
I bravery are deserving of all praise. We 
! hope that this may prove a true report, for 
' such a statement coming from one of the 
1 principal officers of the German Army would 
| go far to alia)- the bitterness caused by the 
1 compliments of a very different nature that 
, the German press paid to Great Britain 
; and her soldiers during the war, and the 
next best thing to the successful conclusion 
of the South-African campaign would 
be the restoration of friendly feeling be- 
tween Germany and England. Lord 
^ Roberts is said to have replied in terms 
I eulogistic of the Germany Army. 

! The Bank of Japan has reduced its rate of 
! interest by 2 tin daily, so that its charge 
; upon over-drafts of current accounts is now 
j 2.5 sen daily, or at the rate of 9. 125 yearly, 
I still a tolerably high figure, it must be con- 
fessed. It is generally anticipated in finan- 
: cial quarters that a declining rate of interest 
\ will be a feature of the money market in the 

I immediate future. 


News reached Yokohama from Hongkong 
: on Friday that the King has made Sir 
[Thomas Jackson a Baronet. The honour is 
'well-deserved and hosts of friends in the 
.Far East, from Singapore to Yokohama will 

join us in congratulating the recipient of 

the Royal favour. 

The "At Home "given by the Captain 
and Officers of H. M.S. Cressy at Yokohama 
on Friday afternoon was largely attended, 
and a most enjoyable time w as spent on the 
magnificent vessel under very pleasant 
' surroundings, though rain fell before the 

' The Shanghai community, while postponing 
all its projected celebrations, took a step that 
w ill be much commended ; a religious service 

July 5, 1902.] 

was held in the Cathedral to pray for His , 
Majesty's recovery. So, at least, we gather 
from telegrams to the Jiji Sliimpo. 

Before leaving Saseho II. B. M.S. Pique 
was visited by 80 girl students from the 
Sftiritsu Jogakko of that place. Photographs 
were taken and the gallant tars seem to have 
entertained the young ladies in worthy style. 

The news of King Edward's illness does 
not appear to have readied Yamagata Pre- 
fecture in time to stop the celebrations. At 
the Normal School and elsewhere there were 
rejoicingson an ext ended scale. 

The eldest son of Prince Iwakura was 
married on the 28th instant to Lady Sakura, 
daughter of Marquis Saigo. The wedding 
took place at Prince Iwakura's residence in 
Kasumigaseki. It will be remembered that 
Marquis Saigo's eldest son was recently 
married to the daughter of Prince Iwakura. 
Thus the two families are now doubly united. 

The Sobu Railway — Fukagawa (Tokyo) 
to Narita — holds its half-yearly meeting at 
the close of July and is expected to declare 
a dividend of 9 per cent. The Shogyo 
Sliimpo says that this Company is beginning 
to attract the attention of foreign capitalists. 
Mr. Keswick, of Messrs. Jardine Matheson 
and Company, has purchased 400 shares 
and is said to be recommending the invest- 
ment to others. The shares have a face 
value of 50 yen and are now selling at 54. 

the new association that has grown out of 
the stem of the National Union. Its proper 
name is Niclii-Ro Kyoleai (Russo-Japanese 
Society), which has less significance than the 
former title. The Society is not yet actual- 
ly organized. Its projectors held a meet- 
ing in Tokyo on the 30th of June, and 
laid down the principal basis of their 
organization, namely, to promote social 
intercourse, trade, industry and fishing 
enterprise between Russia and Japan. 
The inaugural meeting of the society will 
soon be held. From the rules enacted 
on the 30th, we observe that the society in- 
tends to seek men of note for president and 
vice-president ; that it will have a principal 
manager and three managers, all honorary 
officers, serving for one year ; that these 
managers may be Russians or Japanese ; 
and that each member will have to pay a 
yearly subscription of 5 yen. 

The Jiji Sliimpo publishes a letter from 
the present Lord Kimberley thanking that 
journal for its appreciative notice of his 
father. Our readers doubtless remember the 
Jijis article on the subject. We now learn 
that the Tokyo paper forwarded a copy of 
its issue containing the article, together with 
a covering letter to Lord Kimberley's son 
and successor, and that the latter replied ex- 
pressing great satisfaction that his father's 
interest in Japan had been recognised in this 
country, and complimenting the Jiji on the 
accuracy of the portrait published by it. 

The latest apprehensions on charges of 
misappropriating public funds have taken 
place in Kozu, where the district head- 
man and five others have been arrested 
for dishonesty in connection with the 
erection of a contagious diseases hospital and 
the execution of sanitary precautions. The 
sum involved is 1,500 yen. Up to date 
the places where officials 1 lave been charged 
with the crime of embezzlement {kansltti) 
are Hiroshima, Okayama, Kozu, Nagoya, 
Shizuoka, Kofu, Tokyo, Yamanashi, Saitama, 
Gumma, and Sendai — a formidable list. 

The Wdkanoura Maru has been very 
unfortunate lately. Her collision with the 
liclipse is of recent date, and now she has 
met with a similar accident in the Kashima- 
oki, off Ibaraki. At 9 p.m. on the 26th in- 
stant she cut down a fishing boat manned 
by 17 hands. One of the fishermen received 
rather serious injuries. It appears that the 
fishing boat had no light displayed, the 
weather being too boisterous to admit of that 

A telegram from New York says that the 
House of Representatives has voted for the 
purchase of the Panama Canal, the numbers 
being 252 for and 8 against. Such an over- 
whelming majority is significant. Consider- 
ing the immense sums already spent upon 
the Canal, it is a matter for rejoicing that 
the work should be finally carried through. 

The man-of-war carrying Prince Vladimir 
will enter Yokohama on the morning of the 
2nd. The Prince is expected to land im- 
mediately, and after a short rest at the 
Goyo-tei will proceed to Tokyo by special 
train at about 10.40 a.m. His Highness 
will take up his quarters at the Detached 
Palace in Shiba. 

The ceremony of naming the second son 
of the Prince Imperial took place on the 1st 
instant. His Imperial Highness is called 
Atsu-no-miya Yasuhito. 

It appears that the public was mistaken in 
giving the name of Niclu-Ro Slanko-kai to 

The I [iroshima Court-martial, cmpannel- 
led to try charges of embezzlement against 
I officers of the Land Transport Corps, has 
finished its sittings. Captain Shimizu has 
been condemned to 23/3 years' major im- 
prisonment ; Captain Shiobara to 6 years' 
imprisonment with hard labour ; Paymaster 
Takasaki to 6 years ; Captain Isobe — for 
robbery — to 2^ years ; Captain Kawakami 
to 2 x / 2 years, and Accountant Maieno to 3 

The Jiji Sliimpo's European telegrams 
contain an item that Baron Riethovcn, 
Consul for Turkey in Geneva, has been 
driven from that city. The relations between 
Turkey and Switzerland do not greatly con- 
cern the world, but such an incident as the 
expulsion of a Consul from the scene of his 
duly accredited duties is strange enough to 
be specially noted. 

There is a telegram that the Shinonome 
has been floated and that she was expected 
to enter Saseho on the 1st instant, but the 
Jiji Shimpo says that no such intelligence 
has been officially received. 


A batch of country-bred horses, kindly offered 
the members of the Nippon Race Club by the 
Imperial Japanese Government, arrived in Yoko- 
hama on Tuesday and were drawn for in the 
afternoon. There were twelve subscribers, but 
only ten horses were obtainable. The draw re- 
sulted as follows : — 

No. 1 ....Mr. Mori. 

„ 2 „ Mo«;i. 

,, 3 „ Mottet. 

,, 4 Robison. 

„ 5 Blad. 

,, 6 , Davis. 

,, 7 i> Kawakita. 

„ 8 Wada. 

9 Messrs. Wcale and Crowe. 

„ 10 Mr. Hiranurna. 

Messrs. Bugbird and Kummcl each drew a 
blank. Immediately after the draw, says the 
Gazette, Mr. Kummel bought the horse drawn by 
Mr. Robison. 


With reference to the explosion on board the 

Chinese cruiser Kaichi at llsiakuan, Nanking, on 

the 2 1st June, which resulted in the total wreck of 

the vessel, the N.-C. Daily JVcivs has received 

the following particulars from Captain Minning, 

of the steamer Aleislwn : — 

"On the 21st inst. as the steamer Meishim was 
approaching Nanking, we saw at a distance of 
seven miles ahead a huge cloud of smoke rising 
near Nanking, and shortly afterwards a loud noise 
like the firing off of a big gun was heard. When 
we came to Nanking, we found that an explos- 
ion had occurred on board the Chinese cruiser 
Kaiclii. The vessel was a total wreck and all the 
crew were lost. She had sunk stem (? stern) first, 
with only the bowsprit and the ram showing ahove 
water, and in this position she was kept by her 
cables. The American gunboat Helena had all 
her boats out, but there was little or nothing 
saved. Half-an-hour later we passed through a 
dense cloud of gunpowder smoke, as we were 
going down river. The floating wreckage con- 
sisted of very small pieces of wood and some 
burned clothing. The Kaiclii is a sister ship of 
the Nanshan, and there were about 250 men on 
board." The Chinese cruiser Kaichi had a ton- 
nage of 2,110, measuring 260 feet in length, 
36 feet in beam and 20 in depth, with engines 
of 1,600 horse-power. She was built in 1882. 
Her armament consisted of two 8.2-in., six 5.9-in., 
and a number of smaller guns. Her speed was 
14.5 knots. 


The Rt. Hon. William Lidderdale, whose 
death is reported, was a member of the Privy 
Council, had been a director of the Rank of 
England since 1870 ; was Deputy-Governor in 
1887; Governor in 1889-92; and was a Com- 
missioner of the Patriotic Fund since 1893. He 
was born at St. Petersburg on July 16, 1832, and 
educated at a private school in Cheshire. He 

entered commercial life in the office of Heath & 
Co., Russia merchants, in Liverpool, and after- 
wards became Cashier to Messrs. Rathbone 
Brothers & Co., in the same city, representing 
that firm in New York from 1857 to 1863, and 
becoming a partner in 1864, when he opened 
their London house. In 1870 he was elected a 
Director of the Bank of England. In November, 
1890, Mr. Lidderdale, then Governor of the 
Bank, saved the City " from what would other- 
wise have undoubtedly been the greatest financial 
panic this generation has seen," by his wise, firm, 
and rapid measures during the Baring crisis. In 
these measures he was materially assisted by Mr. 
Powell, the Deputy-Governor, and by Lord 
Rothschild and a few other leaders of finance, but 
it was chiefly owing to his initiative that the 
Baring difficulty was smoothly tided over. In 
the Vagliano case he also did good service to 
the banking interest at large, having afforded im- 
portant assistance to Sir Richard Webster in his 
arguments before the House of Lords. Mr. Lid- 
derdale, after the Baring crisis was over, was con- 
tinued in office as Governor of the Bank of Eng- 
land a year longer than is customary. In 1868 
he married Mary, elder daughter of Wadsworth 
D. Busk, Esq., formerly of St. Petersburg. 


Seven 21 -raters started on Saturday afternoon 
in a very light south breeze to sail over the Light- 
ship-Widow Buoy Course, but the wind dropped 
too much to carry them over the course in the 
required time and the race was postponed. 

Three 12-raters had a race in the harbour over 
the usual course and were able to finish, Thelma 
at 4 o'clock, Aladeleine at 4. 15. 10, and Dora at 



[July 5, 1902. 


T^HE Jimmin and the Niroku publish re- 
marks said to have been addressed by 
M. Pablov to a member of the Chosen Kyo- 
kai on the 22nd of June in Soul. Probably 
our readers are perplexed by the numerous 
associations that they hear of now-a-days. 
They may be conveniently reminded, there- 
fore, that the Chosen Kyokai is a recently 
organized society having for its object the 
promotion of Japanese industry and trade in 
Korea. It proposes to investigate all mat- 
ters in Korea calculated to assist enterprising 
Japanese who take that country as their 
field of operations, and it will even render 
substantial aid to them under certain 
circumstances. Shortly after this associa- 
tion was organized it acquired disagree- 
able notoriety owing to the removal of 
Yu Kil-sun to the Ogasawara Islands, on 
account of his connexion with the Society, 
That, too, requires a word of explanation. 
Yu was formerly Minister of Home Affairs 
in Korea. He had to fly from Soul in the 
sequel of a supposed political plot. At that 
time there existed an association called the 
Chosen Dokuritsn Kyokai (Korean Inde- 
pendence Society), consisting of Japanese 
and Korean subjects. It was regarded with 
much suspicion by the Korean Authorities 
and finally it had to break up its organiza- 
tion. When the Chosen Kyokai was recent- 
ly formed, several of the men formerly pro- 
minent in the ranks of the Chosen Dokuritsn 
Kyokai joined the new association, and some 
of the Korean refugees in Japan, notably 
Mr. Yu Kil-sun, seem to have conceiv- 
ed the idea of utilizing the Chosen 
Kyokai for political ends. Hence Yu's 
removal to the Bonins, where he will 
be out of range of mischief. Of course the 
Chosen Kyokai, having Baron Shibusawa 
among its chief promoters, can not for an 
instant be regarded as a political society. 
It was to a member of this Chosen Kyokai 
that Mr. Pablov addressed himself — if the 
Jimmin and the Niroku be credible — and he 
took for his theme the organization of 
another society called the Nichi-Ro Shinko- 
kai (Society for promoting relations between 
Japan and Russia). This Nichi-Ro Shinko- 
kai took the public somewhat by surprise. 
Its promoters consisted largely of men who 
had previously figured in the ranks of the 
Kokumin Kyo-kai (National Union). Every- 
body is familiar with the Kokumin Kyo- 
kai. Under the presidency of Prince 
Konove, it figured for a long time as the 
chief exponent of anti-Russian feeling in 
Japan. But when Russia signed the Man- 
churian Convention pledging herself definite- 
ly to evacuate the " Three Eastern Provinces'' 
and thus burying the great bone of immediate 
contention in the Far East, the National 
Union found that its raison d'etre had disap- 
peared. Thereupon it dissolved ; a step 
sufficiently intelligible. But suddenly there 
sprung from its ashes the Nichi-Ro Shiuko- 
kai. The public had a tolerably clear idea 
of the National Union's object, and could 

understand its dissolution when the Man- 
churia n question passed out of the field of 
practical politics. But that this essentially 
anti-Russian association should give birth at 
its death to an apparently essentially pro- 
Russian society like the Nichi-Ro Shinko-kai 
— that naturally perplexed onlookers. How- 
ever, the source ofthe bewilderment lies mainly 
in a misconception ofthe new Society's aims. 
The Shinko-kai is rather practical than poli- 
tical. To show that it is in no sense an in- 
triguing association, wc need only mention 
the names of its principal promoters, Baron 
Kankko, Viscount Ylnomoto, Mr. Tsuzuki 
KEIROKU and Mr. Havashida. The mem- 
bers ofthe Society see broadly that in deve- 
loping Siberia and her East-Asian posses- 
sions generally, Russia will need much aid 
from Japan in the matter of men and mater- 
ials, and they sec also that these possessions 
offer a promising field for Japanese emigra- 
tion. They are aware, doubtless, that by 
promoting the supply of such things and 
assisting emigration for such a purpose, they 
ultimately contribute to improve the rela- 
tions between Japan and Russia, and to 
establish between them links in a chain of 
friendship. But that result, though not their 
prime purpose, encourages rather than deters 
them, so that, in a certain sense, they may 
be justly called a pro-Russian association. 

It is this association that Mr. Pablov is 
reported to have applauded. He shares 
with all intelligent and liberal Russians the 
view that Japan stands to gain rather than 
to lose by the development of Russian 
material interests in central and eastern 
Asia, so long as that development is depriv- 
ed of aggressive features. He thinks that 
the Soul-Fusan Railway, which the Japan- 
ese are so earnestly bent upon constructing, 
will be only a fractional affair until it 
is extended, first from Soul to Wiju 
and then from Wiju to a junction with the 
Russian Trans-Asian system. He sees that 
when that is accomplished, a new and vast 
market will be opened for Japanese goods 
and that Russian products also will find a 
fresh outlet. He sees that during the process 
of Russia's development in these regions, 
she must rely on Japan for much assistance 
in labour and materials, which will prove of 
no small gain to this country. He sees 
that at Dalny and Port Arthur Russia 
is spending great sums of money, a con- 
siderable part of which comes into Japanese 
pockets. And he therefore sees that the 
formation of the Nichi-Ro Shinko-Kai, 
and the vigorous prosecution of its purposes, 
are in intelligent accord with the most 
desirable trend of events — desirable from the 
point of view of Russian and Japanese in- 
terests and from the point of view of Eastern 
peace. Whether Mr. Pablov made these 
comments, wc can not say. But wc find it 
very likely. At any rate, the words put into 
his mouth by our Tokyo contemporaries, 
represent the situation accurately. 


" Calendar of the Kyoto University." 
The Calendar of the Kyoto University, 
just published, shows the state of that insti- 
tution in September, 1901, that is to say, 
nearly a year ago. Calendars are always 
and necessarily belated, but it may be said 
for the Kyoto Faculty that they have been 
at least as expeditious as any of their col- 
leagues elsewhere. Three colleges in the 
University are now in working order, name- 
ly, those of Law, of Medicine and of Science 
and Engineering, and it is noticeable that 
whereas the College of Law has only 1 59 
students and that of Medicine only 71, the 
College of Science and Engineering has 
213. It is to be inferred, wc hope, that 
students recognise the over-stocking of the 
medical and legal professions, as well as the 
country's urgent need of scientific experts. 
The University I Iall, where graduates of any 
ofthe Colleges pursue special studies, is also 
duly organized and has 27 students. The total 
number of students at the institution is 464, 
and there have been 81 graduates, a considera- 
ble number seeing that the college was only 
founded in 1897. There are 99 professors, 
assistant professors and lecturers — a very 
full faculty in proportion to the number of 
students — and apparently only one foreigner 
is employed, Mr. Oscar Goeriz, of Stuttgart, 
who is in the College of Science and Engi- 
neering. The Calendar contains an accurate 
history of the University since its establish- 
ment on June 1 8th, 1897, and gives also all 
the Ordinances and Regulations connected 
with it. We may notice, in parenthesis, that 
among the Regulations relating to Punish- 
ments there is one which sounds peculiar : — 
" When a student who, by reason of mis- 
conduct or idleness, is considered as likely 
to cause disturbance in the keeping of order 
at the University, or as likely to commit such 
bad conduct as to impair the morals of other 
students, he shall be punished by the Pre- 
sident through a decision of the Committee 
for Punishment." We do not remember 
any precedent for that kind of prospective 

The Coronation Nonsense Book : by the Poet 
and Painter of " Clara in Blunderland," 
London, William Heinemann. 
Criticism of this book is, of course, partially 
disarmed by the frank manner in which its 
nonsensical character is avowed on the 
title-page. But to appeal effectually to 
the reading public " nonsense " must be 
at least clever, and we are afraid that 
not a few people will question the wisdom 
of sending forth this volume. The work 
of the poet has consisted in making 
" limericks," and the artist's business has 
been to illustrate them. For instance the 
line from a daily paper : " It becomes 
more and more evident that Lord Salisbury 
will retire after the Coronation," calls forth 
the following : — 

" Uncle Sarum said," Office is heavy. 

" I'm aweary of Council and Levee, 

" But don't trouble, Dear Land 

" You are safe, for I'll hand 

" The whole bag-o'-tricks to my nevvy." 

In the picture a fat conjurer representing 
Lord Salisbury hands a large black bag to a 
very lanky gentleman in tights, who has the 
chief features of Mr. Balfour. Another quo- 
tation from a daily paper : " There is 
no truth whatever in the statement that 
when interviewed by a contemporary, as 
to how he appreciated the honour of lay- 
ing foundation stones and opening bazaars, 
Lord Roberts replied, ' I, too, know the 

Juiy 5. 



sorrows of a King ' ; " evokes the following, 
which is perhaps the best of the book : 

" There was an old Soldier called Bobs, 

" Who fell among nobles and nobs. 

" He remarked, I'll restore, 

" The Department of War, 

" But they set him to stonemason's jobs." 

The illustration shows " Bobs " extend- 
ing a trowel in his left hand as some 
persons might flourish a sword, striking 
the attitude which is popularly believed to 
be peculiar to leaders of forlorn hopes, and 
surrounded by camera fiends, while in the 
distance a foundation stone awaits the lay- 
ing. Of both rhymes and drawings it may be 
said that some arc good and others are very 
middling, but that in all cases the caricatures 
are striking. The signature to the draw- 
ings, it is needless to say, is " S.R." — well- 
known to many in Japan. 

Agricultural and Commercial Statistics. De- 
partment of Agriculture and Commerce, 
Tokyo, Maruzen Kabushiki Kaisha. 
This book of over eighty pages is an abstract 
of the statistics of the Imperial Japanese De- 
partment of State for Agriculture and Com- 
merce for the year 1900, compiled by the 
Statistics Section of the Department. For- 
mosa, we note, is not included. In all cases 
comparative figures are given for ten and in 
some cases thirteen previous years. First 
there is a department of Agriculture, in which 
come tables showing the area under cultiva- 
tion, the amount of crop per tan, and the ex- 
ports and imports of rice, and figures as to 
barley, wheat and other grains and seeds, 
the mulberry tree, the tea plant, cocoons, 
silk, tea, sugar, lacquer, animals for breed- 
ing, cattle, horses, and animals killed for 
food. Then under Commerce there are 
voluminous tables showing market prices 
and index figures back to 1887; and also 
tables as to all kinds of companies giving 
their numbers, capital subscribed and paid- 
up, and reserves. Similarly under Industries 
arc given statistics as to cotton-spinning and 
other enterprises and undertakings, which 
we need not particularise ; under Fisheries 
are tables relating to that subject, so as 
to Forests and Mines. As an official work 
the book ought to be highly valuable to 
business men for purposes of reference. We 
suspect a misprint or two. For example if 
the prices of tea in 1887 and 1900 were 
respectively yen 62.09 ^ndyen 36.36 it is not 
clearly intelligible to the ordinary vision how, 
as here represented, the respective index 
figures for tea prices in those years can be 
100 and 139. 


ently the parent birds are killed, while the untied- THE AGE 01' FISHES. 

ged nestlings perish in consequence from starvation, j 

A number of storks also die on their long jour- At a recent meeting of the Royal Society in 
neys to and from the East in spring and autumn. England, Mr. J. Stuart Thomson made public by 
Finally, if the storks themselves were asked why exhibits a discovery of very great consequence to 
they are leaving their roof-trees in the North, the fish supply of the world. He has ascertained 
they would probably explain that they, together that, as in the case of the bark of some trees, the 
with many other things of a bygone age, are be- ages of many fish furnished with scales can be 
ing improved away. The marsh and bog lands determined by the markings of this protective 
of the days that are no more, and in which frogs armour. The scales show, when closely examined, 
and other dainties were plentiful, have been a series of parallel eccentric lines which indicate 
drained, cultivated beyond the ken of storks, and successive increments of growth, and a trustworthy 
pasture lands and fields of waving corn, attractive record is thus automatically kept of physical 
as they may be from the mere human point of development. But that would still leave the age 
view, have no charm for the stork. Hence this question largely conjectural, did not Mr. Thorn- 
desertion of the regions which have been the son add a supplementary discovery which removes 
summer quarters of the stork from time im- all difficulty. He finds that the lines of growth 



are more widely separated during the warm season 
than during the cold season, and by taking the 
two together each year's record is completed, 
and it becomes practicable to determine at any 
time the number of years the subject under 
examination has lived. It would be difficult 
to over-estimate the value of this scientific dis- 

A brief but impressive intercessory service on be- 
half of King Edward VH. was held in the Cathedral, 
Shanghai, on Tune 26th. The congregation was not 

a very large one, being principally composed of cov ; er >' to . the ^ In « industries^ both r 
marines and sailors from the British warships in 

harbour, remarks the^V.-C. Daily News. Several 
officers of the roth Jats Regiment were present, 
and many members of the Municipal Council. 
Business duties interfered with the presence of 
many people who would otherwise have been pre- 
sent. The service commenced with an organ 
voluntary by Mr. F. L. Crompton, " O Rest in 
the Lord" (Mendelssohn), and then the choir and 
congregation sang the grand old hymn commenc- 
ing "God moves in a mysterious way," which form- 
ed a most fitting prelude to the hopeful and inspir- 
ing address which followed from Bishop Moule 
who, in the course of his remarks, spoke ofthe help- 
lessness of all human knowledge, human wit, 
human skill, and human philosophy in the face of 
Divine will. When all our wisdom and resources 
were exhausted we had to seek aid and comfort 
from above. Let us all pray for the life of the L 
King, so that he might live to rule over an En 
land which would set an example not in selfish 

and maritime. For the future there should not 
be much difficulty in judging the period required 
for young fry to reach maturity. Up to the 
present, size has been the only criterion, and 
that, at best, is no better than a rule of thumb 
method. But we may safely anticipate that the 
lead thus given by Mr. Thomson will be followed 
by fresh additions to our knowledge of fish. 


In the Yokohama Ku Saibansho on Saturday 
morning, before Judge Tanuma, the hearing was 
resumed ot the suit brought by Mr. R. Masujima, 
barrister-at-law, No. 14, Yokohama, against 
Messrs. O. W. Heim and J. Kaufher, claiming 
en 13.50. Mr. Hioki appeared for plaintiff and 
Mr. Naito for defendants. 

Counsel for plaintiff, repeating his former 
Statement, said that three sixteen-candle electric 
hymn " Through all the changing scenes of life," | fjgh ts j n ;l room at No. which was rented to 
and the Rev. H. C. Hodges afterwards read the n ie defendants in November last year, were 
Litany. The singing of the National Anthem changed into twenty-four-candle power by de- 
fittingly brought the service to a conclusion, the defendants without the consent of plaintiff. In 

ness but in justice and in mercy. Then came Llie 

last verse being : — 

" In love and grief to day 
We bow our heads and pray, 

God save the King. 
Guide him in happiness, 
Guard him in storm and stress, 
Then in Thy kingdom bless 
And crown our Kin^." 

As the congregation departed, Mr. Crompton 
played with soulful effect the "Andante Tran- 
quillo," by Smart. 

The Acting Consul-General, Mr. R. W. Mans 

consequence, plaintiff had to pay to the Yoko- 
hama Electric Light Company an additional ex- 
pense of yen 13.^0 during three months and 
a half. 

Counsel for defendants urged that his clients 
changed the candle power after obtaining the 
consent of the plaintiff's representative, with 
whom the defendants made an arrangement as to 
the rent of the room. It was then arranged to call 
as a witness an official of the Yokohama Union 
Electric Light Company at the next hearing and 

If the North German farmer looks with equarri 
mity upon the gradual disappearance of the 
stork, the Northern tourist in quaint and pictures- 
que will hear ofthe vanishing ofthe long-legged, 
red-beaked bird with unmixed regret. And what 
will the children say, to whom Hans Andersen has 
told stories of the stork so wonderful that the 
bird seems part and parcel of Fairyland? But the 
facts are that within the last half-century the 
number of storks in Sleswick-Holstein has steadily 
decreased. Villages which used to be the home of 
over sixty families of storks, and where sometimes 
six stork nests could be counted on the roofs of one 
farmer's buildings, hardly show a single nest now. 
Yet the arrival of the stork was always hailed 
with delight by the natives, and it was counted as 
much a sign of good luck if a stork built on a 
roof as in other parts of Germany it is to have a 
swallow build under the eaves. 

As a reason for the decrease in the number of 
storks it is pointed out that these birds increase 
but slowly, that jealousy, envy, and pugnacity 
lead thern to fearful battles, in which not infrequ- 

field, despatched the following cable to His Royal j the proceedings were adjourned until July 9 th at 
Highness the Prince of Wales at 6.15 p.m. on the c; - a - m> 

Highness the Prince of Wales, Lon- 

25 th ult.: — 

" His Roya 

" The British Community of Shanghai desire 
to expre 

ss their deep sorrow at the illness of His \ was reS umed of the suit, adjourned fix 
the , „ ! 17th, brought by Mr. H. C. Pigott, aga 

" Lonsul-Gejieral. | p lioki Bankruptcy Administrator in the 

The following reply, 
p.m., was received : — 

" Consul-Genera), 

dated same dav, 


Sincere thanks. 


In the Yokohama Chiho Saibansho on Wednes- 
day afternoon, before Judge Kano, the hearing 

" om June 
linst Mr. 

ptcy Administrator in the estate of 
3-4° ! Messrs. M ourilyan, Heimann & Co., Yokohama, 
I claiming the recovery of certain articles said to 
1 have been stored on the premises ofthe bankrupt 
1 firm and unlawfully attached by the Administra- 
! tor as part of the estate. 

The Jewish community of Shanghai, as soon as j pi a j nt iff was represented by Mr. Tsuruta and 
the news of the illness of the King was made 1 defendant appeared in person. 
. known, arranged a special intercessory which took j Mr> Voshimura Keizaburo, a bailiff belonging 
place in the Wuchang Road Synagogue on the t o this Yokohama Chiho Saibansho, was examined, 
I 2 6th June. ' as arr anged at the previous sitting. Replying to 

the Judge's questions, witness said that with re- 
! The C. P. R. Co., issue a folder announcing gard to this bankruptcy he, together with Judge 
. that, commencing on June 1 5th, the transcontinen- Yamaguchi, visited the premises in April this 
', tal service will up to Oct. 10th be augmented by year and affixed a seal on articles then stored in 
a tri-weekly service both east and west, to be the firm's rooms. The position of the articles 
known as the Imperial Limited Express. The remained unchanged since they were sealed ex- 
booklet is beautifully illustrated by views, chiefly cept some 29 or 30 pieces of earthenware, 
of the matchless scenery, and there is a capital The defendant asked plaintiff's Counsel whether 
map showing the road and its connections from either the whole ofthe articles or a portion of 
tide water to tide water. them were insured. 

vmz^nnuvi-MaffMmvi tUt japan weekly mail- 

from Fukami Shunichi, but even then there was no 
such registration of a perpetual lease. Plaintiff migbt 
claim the exercise of such right while Hoshinowas in 
possession of the lots, hut he could not do so against 
defendant. Further, if plaintiff was entitled to claim 
the said right he had forfeited the right as he failed to 
pay the rent payable on 3rd November, iqoo, and on 
3rd November, 1901, as stipulated in Exhibit A No. 1. 

After some discussion the case was adjourned to 

Geo. H. Perry, who was prosecuted for em- 
bezzlement of money belonging to the Yamum 
Oil Co. in the Kobe Chiho Saibansho some days 
ago was found guilty on June 30th and sentenced 
to major imprisonment for two months and to pay 
a fine of yen 4 with police supervision for six 
months on his release. 


Counsel for plaintiff replied that the whole 
were insured when purchased by plaintiff, who 
then rented them to a certain foreigner. 

The defendant urged that as the articles 
were kept on the premises of the bank- 
rupt firm, when it was declared bankrupt in 
April, they were all attached and sold under 
his direction and he insisted that he could not 
recognize any hiring of the articles in question 
by the plaintiff to a certain foreigner. He 
further said that according to Mr. John Hall, 
who undertook the sale of the articles, their 
value was estimated at yen 1,480, whereas plaintiff 
declared that he purchased them lot yen 6goonly. 
As a matter of course, the articles could not be 
purchased at such a low price. It was plain that 
plaintiff did not purchase the goods from a certain 
foreigner, for the plaintiff took no delivery of the 
articles in due course of time. 

Judgment was reserved until July 7th at 9 a.m. 

In the Yokohama Chiho Saibansho on Wed- 
nesday afternoon before Judge Kano, the hearing 
was resumed of the suit brought by Messrs. 
Mendelson Bros., Yokohama, against Mr. Tanaka 
Nijuro, of Tokyo, asking that the latter should 
take delivery of 100 tons of manure imported on 
defendant's order. 

Mr. Sato appeared for plaintiff and Mr. Ishi- 
yama for defendant. 

Counsel for defendant, by referring to state- 
ments of Mr. Keswick and other witnesses, said 
that commission was generally included in the 
price of articles when fixing up contracts and that 
from the evidence given by Japanese witnesses it 
was quite clear that as the goods did not arrive 
before the autumn they were entirely useless. 

Counsel for plaintiff contended that the contract 
between the parties only referred to the date of 
forwarding the manure from Boston and therefore As usual every year, the Nippon Railway 
his client had no responsibility as to the arrival Company will run excursion trains, between 
of the goods at Yokohama. After a good deal of Uyeno and Nikkoon July 14th, 15th, 16th, 20th 
argument between Counsel, who repeated their . and 27th, leaving Uyeno at 6.25 a.m. for Nikko 
former statements, the Court announced that and starting from Nikko at 6 p.m. for Tokyo, 
judgment would be given on July 7th at 10 a.m. Return tickets for this special service are issued 
I at half ordinary prices and are available for a 

A report from Fukushima says that a man 
named Tcrashima and two others of that town 
was arrested on June 30th on a charge of fabri- 
cating an imitation of Yebisu beer. 

Mr. Reginald Tower, H.8.M. Minister to 
Bangkok, is reported to be seriously ill with 
typhoid, says a Singapore paper. It seems that 
he was going home on holiday and was to have 
gone to Singapore by the steamer Deli, but his 
condition was so serious that the trip had to be 

It is reported that Baron and Baroness Shibu- 
sawa arrived at London on June 25th and that 
they will leave London early in June for the con- 
tinent owing to the postponement of the Corona- 
tion. Major-General Fukushima, who also arriv- 
ed at London on the day previous to that fixed 
for the Coronation, is reported to be in Paris. 

week from the day of issue 

The lease case recently decided against Mr. Why- 1 . 
mark, who sought to secure registration of a right of I Twelve students of the Kwansai Middle School, 
superficies over" lots of ground in Sakaye Machi, was : in Okayama, left Yokohama for the United States 
reopened in the Kobe Chiho Saibansho on June 30th. ! by the steamer lyo Marti, of the N.Y.K., on July 
Mr. Whymark formerly brought into court several j lst THeir object is to see the chief sights in the 
parties who had trafficked in the proprietary right ■ gtates and tQ acquire some knowledge of the 

over the lots but failed to secure recognition of 1 ... , . .1 j ..1 •n r 1 

oyci uic khs uui „ : cities and towns there and they will return home 

his rights against any one of them. He now , J 

brings suit agaiust one of them individually. Plain- ; m the autumn. Last summer a number of students 

tiff "in his petition (we quote the Kobe Herald) of this institution crossed to Korea for a similar 

applies for the registration of a right of superficies ' purpose. 

over 373 /W'<? 9 goZseki of ground at No. II., 

Sakaye-machi, Ichome, Kobe. 'He stated that the I Mr. J. Carey Hall, British Consul, says the 
late M. Voysey leased the lots in dispute permanent- 1 Kobe Herald, has called at the Kobe Chamber of 
ly from Hoshino Kuma in 1884 at a ground rent of Commerce and the Kobe City Office and tender- 
er;* 75 per year and built business premises and e j tne tnan k s G f tne Coronation Committee for 
godovvns thereon. Plaintiff inherited the properties, j thg j apanese contributions in connection with the 
viz. nernetual lease and buildings some vcars ago at 1 J f , - .. ... , . - . c 

V r „, Th» ri CT ft nf-nr-fmi L tP : proposed festivities and also for the exprsssions of 

the death of V oysey. the right 01 peipetual lease 1 1 ^, r . , 

was registered at the British Consulate at the time it sympathy elicited by the postponement, and the 
was secured and it was also entered in the public illness of His Majesty King Edward, 
books of Hiogo Kencho. 

The ground in dispute was registered in February, j According to estimates of the 1 department of 
1900, at the instance of Hoshino Kuma to confirm j Agriculture and Commerce, the yield of cocoons 
her ownership and the said perpetual lease ought to t hj s y ear j s abundant and the quality excellent as 
have been registered at the same time according to comparec i vv j t h ] ast yea f. The official estimates 
Art. 5, 2nd Clause of No. 329 Imperial Ordinance m ■ ^ ^ ^ at h7 j 6 jB 3 J lok u, showing an in- 

horse-shoe scarf pin. The accused was sentenced 
to 20 days' major imprisonment. It appears that 
on June 7th, when the off-day horse races took 
place at Negishi, Mr. Horikoshi Ayajiro, while 
on the race course, lost the pin which was picked 
up by the prisoner. 

Hasegawa Yazaburo, chief of the Kozu village 
office, near Odawara, and three others, who were 
arrested by the Odawara Police a few days ago 
on a charge of forgery, were taken to the Yoko- 
hama Chiho Saibansho on June 30th and after the 
usual brief examination were all conveyed to the 
Negishi prison, pending their trial. It is stated 
that nine other persons were also taken under 
arrest to the Odawara Police Station, the same day 
in connexion with the affair. 

A Japanese spaniel perished in a short railway 
journey from New York. Was he "perishable 
goods"? asks an exchange. If so, the carrying 
company was responsible. The company said 
that, though he had perished, he was not perish- 
able, being no vegetable. The owner got a 
verdict for ^50. The company appealed to 
the Supreme Court of the State, and lost. An 
array of counsel pleaded for right to appeal to 
the Appellate Division of the Court, and won. 
The dog is still dead ; it is the case that is 

In connection with the Fifth Domestic Exhibi- 
tion, the Osaka Shosen Kaisha has decided to 
lower the scale of freight by 30 per cent, for the 
transportation of exhibits to Osaka from various 
places in Japan, Korea and Formosa, and to 
allow a reduction of 20 per cent, to ex- 
hibitors and other persons directly concerned 
in the Exhibition. The new rates will be 
enforced from November 1st this year and re- 
main until September 30th, 1903. The Nanao 
and Kivva Railway Companies have likewise 
agreed to reduce freight rates by 20 
per cent, from November 1st until September 
30th, 1903, for the conveyance of exhibits as 
well as persons directly connected with the Ex- 
hibition. It is further stated that the two rail- 
way companies will make a reduction of ten per 
cent, to visitors during the exhibition. 


The locomobile has 

made its appearance in 

The Hon. C. S. Sharp has been elected Chairman 
of the Hongkong Chamber of Commerce. 

There were 10 new plague cases reported in 
Hongkong up to noon on June 24th — all Chinese 
and eight dead. 

A sword of honour has been presented by the 
members of the Tientsin Volunteer Corps to 
Lieut. Jas. Walts, C. M. G., in remembrance of 
his gallant ride to Taku on June 19th, 1900. 

[8qq. The latter step was, however, omitted 

the right of superficies was not registered. Defend- "ease of 58,835 koku as against last year. 1 his 
ant is' the present owner of the lots in dispute and ( bright prospect is apparently due to the favourable 
plaintiff had asked him to register the right of super- ' weather that has prevailed since about the middle 
ficies or perpetual' lease but to no effect. ' of May. 

Defendant stated in his defence that plaintiff is not j 
heir of the late M. Voysey, but is only his Executor. | The half-yearly general meeting of the Japan 
Defendant says he cannot therefore admit that plain- Sugar Refining Company, the only establishment 
tiff is entitled to inherit all therights of die laie Voysey. of the kjnd fa Tokyo, took place at its premises 
Even if plaintiff was entitled to enter into such rights According to the report presented 

he, defendant, could not recognise a perpetual lease in , J . T . , c ... ,° .. . ' ,' . . , 
the ground lots in dispute. If there was registration by the Board of Directors it is stated that the 
at the British Consulate it can not be admitted to be establishment incurred a loss of yen 233,617 
a commercial registration, sufficient to take effect the first half of the current year, owing chiefly to 
against all other parties. Even if the superficies aQd a fall in the price of sugar at home and abroad, 
registration were completed correctly the registration n 0 dividend was therefore declared, 
in dispute was not legally executed and plaintiff, 

could not claim to exercise the said right claimed j j Uf j gm ent was given in the Yokohama Chiho 
against a third party. If there was any such Saihansho on j une 20 th in the case of Omi I.)an/.o, 
riidit in existence when Hoshino Kuma regis- . . c\x wi kt \r 1 ■» 

, h , , ■• ,, „„,, , „ fan employe of Mr. Wi son, No. 210, Yamashi a- 

tercd her ownership on the 271I1 February, 1900, v"" 1 ^y" > > 

it would have been registered at that time. Defend- cho, Yokohama), who was prosecuted on a charge 
anion 16th May, 1901, brought the lots in dispute of having failed to report the finding of a gold 

Captain de Richelieu has sent in his resigna- 
tion from the Siamese Navy, and will leave in 
September, He was offered the post of Harbour 
Master at Bangkok, but declined. He has had a 
long period of service in the Siamese Navy. 

The Committee of the Hongkong Chamber of 
Commerce has written to the local manager of 
j the Eastern Extension Telegraph Co. urging a 
j reduction in cable rates between Europe and the 
Par East. The letter has been sent to the Direc- 
tors of the Company. 

The bodies of five men belonging to Troop 
M, 6th U.S. Cavalry, who were captured by 
Filippinos, have been found at Tereso in Pro- 
vince Rizal, Luzon. The bodies were horribly 
mutilated. The troopers were captured while 
visiting the cemetery at an 'old camping ground 
on Decoration Day. 

The new Attorney-General of Hongkong, 
Hon. Sir Henry Spencer Berkeley, K.C., arrived 
in the Colony on June 24th by the Yawala 
Main, and was to assume his new office on the 
25th. He travelled from Fiji to Hongkong via 
New Zealand. Sir Henry has been Chief Justice 

July 5, 1902 ] 


»*3£¥H^ n 0 ftzmtmnm 1 r 

of Fiji since 1889, and for the four years preced- 
ing he filled the position of Attorney-General 
there ; previous to that he was Solicitor-General 
of the Leeward Islands from 1S78. 

It is interesting, said the Peking and Tientsin \ 
Times on June 21st, to chronicle the fact that the ] 
American schooner Manila, Captain Street, on 
her way from Fort Gamble to Taku with a cargo ' 
of lumber for Messrs. W. Forbes and Co. ofi 
Tientsin passed through a very large quantity | 
of floating pumice stone in Lat 26 12 N. and Long 
13S 38 E. The crew picked up quite a quantity 
of the stone. In view of recent history, the origin 
of this pumice would be most interesting know 
ledge. Was it submarine or aerial (hurled through 
the air from some volcanic focus) ? The locality 
of the find is 580 miles south of Yokohama and 
about 180 miles east of the Bonin Group, on the 
parallel of the Great Loo Choo. Sulphur Island 
in the Volcano Group is only about 150 miles 

Yokohama scratched in this race. The Kobe pair : scraps of scented cambric, and apply thein to 
rowed next the shore and came away at the start. | their eyes." 


The interport events at the Kobe Regatta, 
which we briefly reported on Monday, are des- 
cribed in detail by the Kobe Herald, from which 
we take the following : — 

Interport Fours. — 1% Mile. 

1.— KOBE. lbs. 
Bow. J. E. Paton 137 

2 D. Weed 140 

3 C. Mancini 1 54 

Str. W. M. Squire 148 

Cox. A. J. Chalfant 115 


Bow. J. A. T. Thomas 160 

2 J. T. Disselduff 178 

3 W. O. Kochler 175 

Str. B. T. Byrne 173 

Cox. P. L. Byrne 167 

Bow. M. F. Stephens 150 

2 C. H. Moss 145 

3 J. Helm 152 

Str. W. Goddard 128 

Cox. J. Abbey 112 

The three crews as they left for the starting buoy 
for this the most important of the events of the day 
received an encouraging cMBfer. It was close upon 3 
o'clock before the crews were in position to go — the 
sea smooth as glass and the rain fortunately still 
holding off. Kobe had the inside station, Yoko- 
hama the middle and Shanghai outside. There was 
nothing to choose between the stations to-day. A 
good start was got. Shanghai put all their pith into 
the race at the first stroke and Kobe did the same 
thing. Yokohama in the middle started easier. 
With half a length lead got by the opening spurt 
Shanghai settled down and Kobe also went easier. 
Meantime Yokohama had lost a length to both the 
other boats but they rowed easy and compla- 
cently. Kobe on the inside course now appeared 
to go ahead, rowing a stroke of 32. Shanghai 
rowed a slightly faster stroke and Yokohama 
slightly faster than either of the others. With half 
the course covered Kobe were away ahead — at least 
a length and a half it seemed from the starter's 

The Shanghai cox's steering was rather irresponsi- 
ble and their bow man seemed to be feeling the 
strain. Nearing the beginning of the last quarter 
Kobe were away ahead two or three lengths, going 
with confidence. Shanghai had spent themselves in 
the first quarter mile and now it was a fight between 
Yokohama and Shanghai for second place. Yoko- 
hama brought the snout of their boat up and shut out 
the light. They were able to reduce the difference to 
three-quarters of a length before the gun was fired. 
Meantime Kobe had won gloriously by four or five 
lengths, the result exciting the keenest enthusiasm. 
Shanghai lost many points on inferior steering. All 
three crews were much cheered at the close, the Kobe 
men being carried in shoulder high. Time 9.08. 

Interport Paiks.— One Mile. 

1. — koj;e. lbs. 

Bow. J. Cartwright 160 

Str. W. M. Squire '. 148 

Cox. H. K. Green 135 


Bow. W. O. Kochler 175 

Str. E. T. Byrne 173 

Cox. P. L. Byrne 167 


Bow. C. H. Moss 140 

Str. J. Helm 160 

Cox. J. Abbey 112 

Shanghai rowed the faster stroke but hquire and 1 
Cartwright kept ahead. Shanghai rowed 32 and I It may be stated, in connexion with the an- 
Kbbe 29. With half a mile still to go the Shanghai j nouncement of a new edition, in thirty volumes of 
bow seemed to be going heavily and the boat stop- j — 
ped, when it appeared that the bow stretcher had 
given out. The stoppage lost the race to Shanghai, 
of course. The accident was exceedingly regrettable 
as Kochler and Byrne had plenty of go in them and 
would have made the race an excellent finish. As it 
was Squire and Cartwright rowed home at their ease, 
Interport Douisel Sculls. — One Mile. 

1. — shanghai. lbs. 

Bow. W. O. Kochler 175 

Str. E. T. Byrne 173 


Bow. C. H. Moss 140 

Str. J. Helm 160 


Bow. D. Weed 140 

Str. W. M. Squire 148 

Shanghai and Yokohama raced this event, Kobe 
having lost in the heat against Shanghai last night. 
The race was rowed under the best conditions. Not 
a breath of wind had risen all the afternoon, and the 
overcast sky kept the air fairly cool. A very good 
start was got. Shanghai, putting pressure on the 
race at the very start, went ahead half a length at no 
great distance from the starting buoy. This lead 
they maintained all along without much challenge 
from the Yokohama pair, who, however, rowed at a 
steady well sustained stroke. At the finish there was 
the usual spurt but the Shanghai pair were equal to 
all calls on them and won by a length and a quarter. — 
Time, 7.45. 

Turning to the land sports, we find that in 
Lawn Tennis, N. B. Ramsay, of Shanghai, beat 
H. C. B. Hancock of Kobe. At Lawn Bowls, 

Byrne and Disselduff, of Shanghai, beat John Hall 
and J. W. Birchenall. Nothing is said as to 
ping-pong ! 

During the afternoon a pretty Maypole dance, 
which was to have been one of the features of the 
Coronation celebration, was given by a number 
of little girls under the principal direction of Mrs. 
Hall and Mrs. Goddard. 

The dinner and dance in the evening were a great 
success. Mr. F. J. Hall, Captain of the Y.A.R.C., 
responded most felicitously for Yokohama. 


At a recent meeting of the Westminster City 
Council a committee's recommendation of " Regni 
Jurisque Sedes " (Seat of Law and Government), 
as the city motto, was rejected as being bad Latin. 
Canon Vcre's offer of " Custodi Civitatem 
Domino " (Keep the City, O God) was accepted. 

The second number of the ATariliine World, 
published monthly at San Francisco, has reached 
us. It is a very careful collection of news from 
all quarters of the world that is of interest to ship- 
ping people. Not the least valuable of its features 
is a department containing in a summarized form 
the most important judicial decisions on marine 

Ruskin's works, to be printed at the Ballanlyne 
Press, Edinburgh, from the .same fount of type as 
has been used in the Edinburgh edition of the 
Waverley Novels, that for the past fourteen years 
all the new editions of Ruskin's books have been 
produced at the press with which the name of Sir 
Walter Scott is indelibly associated. Ruskin was, 
by the way, an advocate of simplicity in printing. 
He paid great attention to the type and margins 
of all his books, kept a sharp eye as to uniformity 
in " spacing," and would on no account permit of 
interference with his own punctuation. Ruskin 
had a decided objection to divided words ending 
a page — a common feature in the Edinburgh 
Stevenson — and this objection of his has been re- 
spected in all the new editions of his works. 

Very interesting light was thrown upon the 
history of the old Pilgrims' Way leading from 
Surrey to Canterbury, by Professor Boyd Dawkins 
at the Archaeological Institute. It is a common 
belief that this path was worn by Pilgrims on 
their way to the shrine of Thomas a Beckett. 
This belief, however, has been proved to be quite 
fallacious, and it obtained its name merely be- 
cause it was adopted by Pilgrims as an easy route 
for horses. About two miles from Canterbury 
the track passes through an earthwork. Gravel 
pits were opened there, and an examination of 
them discovered a number of objects, principally 
of iron ; and fragments of pottery corresponding 
with those found in the prehistoric settlements of 
the Iron Age in various parts of England. The 
Pilgrims' Way probably, therefore, existed in the 
Iron Age, and was one of an ancient system of 
track ways. 

The Hound of the Baskeroilles is thus adver- 
tised by its New York publishers, Messrs. Maclure, 
Phillips, & Co. :— 

Observe the Messenger Boy, ho iv he Runs. 

Is not this Unusual ? 

It is Positively Abnormal. 

And its Cause ? 

He Goes on a Hurry Call for a Man — 
To Fetch a Doctor ? 
■ — to Fetch a Book. 
What Book ? 

The Hound of the Baskervilliesi 
How Surprised and Gratified the Man will be to 
Get his Book so Soon. 
He will Not. 
Why so ? 

The Messenger Boy has Heard of that Book. 
Well ? 

He will Dip into It. 
Yes ? 

And See the Name of Sherlock Holmes. 
And then ? 

He will Seat him on a Mossy Curb. And he will 
Read. And Read. And Read. 
But the Man. What of Him ? 
He will Tear his Hair and Cuss. 
Is that All ? 

No. Presently he will Rake up Another $1.25 and 
will Hustle to the Bookstore himself. 
Wise Man ! 

Happy Messenger Boy ! 

Mr. John Morley, who is now engaged in read- 
ing the final proofs of his Lije of Gladstone, lias, 
it is said, arranged the letters of the great Liberal 
Statesman in different sections of the biography : j In November last th° publishers of Good Words 
that is, the correspondence that has been deemed j announced that they would give ,-£75 in cash 
worthy of embodiment in the Life appears under j prizes for the best three Coronation odes submit- 

' ted to them before a given date. All the odes 

the respective headings of political, ecclesiastical, 
theological, and literary. Mr. Morley's magnum 
opus will almost certainly be published in the 
autumn of this year. 

"The ladies of the Divorce Court love per- 
fumes." Mr. Justice Barnes is reported by Mrs. 
Alec Tweedie, the well-known writer, to have 
uttered these 

that he was suffering one evening from a head 
ache. " It has been a hot and trying day for 
me," continued the learned judge, " for each of 
the witnesses, who are placed in the box quite 
close to the judge, has come into court and 
waved about a dainty handkerchief saturated with 
scent. I have inhaled patchouli, white rose, 
heliotrope, and half a dozen other perfumes since 
breakfast, and, unfortunately, the more emotional 
ladies become the more they wave these pretty 

to them before a 
which can be accepted under the rules of the 
competition are now in hand. The count shows 
that the number of individual competitions re- 
ceived is 1,047. Hardly any part of the British 
Empire, even down to the smallest island in the 
most remote seas, is unrepresented. Dividing 
them by continents, including in each case the 
words in explanation of the fact adjacent islands, the distribution is as follows : — 

Europe, 650; Asia, 40; Africa, 17; America, 
156 ; Australasia, 182. 

There are some curiosities in this list. What 
is it in the atmosphere of the Leeward Isles that 
has produced twenty-four poets, while the Wind- 
ward Isles can only boast two? Why should 
Victoria send fifty-nine compositions, New South 
Wales only twenty, South Australia fourteen, 
Queensland five, and West Australia two ? The 
Australian Commonwealth as a whole furnishes 

W»*£¥2JW'&*2!««**'«I THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. [July 5, 1092. 

just an even 100 competitors, thereby leading 
Canada's total of ninety-one by nine points, and 
still leading by one point it Newfoundland be 
added to the Dominion proper. South Africa is 
too much concerned with other matters to give 
the time to writing odes even to the King, and in 
the seventeen odes received the nearest point to 
the fighting line represented is De Aar. 

Literary critics are praising Mr. Bliss Carman 
for his witty line: — " What care I who keeps the 
ferry, whether Charon or Cunard?" 

The AthcMCiim is sorry to hear that Mrs. 
Townsend (Frances Hodgson Burnett) has not 
only derived little benefit from her American visit, 
but has broken down so completely as to be ob- 
liged to enter a sanatorium. 

The Paris Temps states that M. Pierre Delcourt 
has, as a gift, added to the Archives of the Seine 
his collection of about 5,000 invitations to public 
ceremonies and fetes of which Paris has been the 
scene during the last 30 years. 

There are families in which literary and other 
talent is hereditary, as. for instance, the families 
of Coleridge and Wordsworth ; but, as a rule, the 
sons of poets are dull dogs. We have in mind 
(says the Laneei) three insane descendants of 
famous poets. It is possible that the children of 
poets are bored in early years by their surround- 
ings and the mental attitude of their parents, and 
make haste to become prosaic. 

Dr. Pulvermacher, of Berlin, has discovered 
that 597 forenames sufficed for distinguishing the 
41,000 children of Berlin born in 18S9. Agree- 
ably with these figures, every 68 little Berliners 
received the same forename. The most fashion- 
able female names are Lucie, Alice, Bertha, Hil- 
degard, Elfriede, and Dora. 

His Majesty the King has been graciously 
pleased to accept from the Rev. Sir George Ralph 
Fetherston, Bart., of Ardagh House, co. Longford, 
a copy of a new hymn tune composed by him, 
" She hath her heart's desire," the words of which 
are written by Mr. Arthur C. Benson. The hymn 
was sung at Windsor on the occasion of the first 
anniversary of the lamented death of Queen 
Victoria. The special presentation copy was 
beautifully printed in silver and violet, and was 
enclosed in a box of watered silk. 

According to a friend of M. Jules Verne, who 
has been to see him at Amiens, the author has 
just finished a new book, which will be the hund- 
redth novel written by him. It deals with life in 
the gold mines, and the scene is laid in Klondyke. 
M. Jules Verne, who is seventy-four years of age, 
is very nearly blind, and his doctors are endea- 
vouring to persuade him to operated on for 
cataract, but he told his visitor in quite cheery 
tones that " he hoped he would be dead before 
the operation came off." 

Mr. Justice Darling continues to enrich the 
store of judicial jests. An architect, who spent 
his leisure in writing novelettes, was accused of 
having stolen the plot of one of his stories from 
an old collaboration. Giving evidence in the 
libel action he brought against his accuser, he 
complained that the person to whom the awful 
accusation was made had since refused to recom- 
mend him as an architect. " Not because," 
Mr. Justice Darling suggested, " you might steal 
the house, but perhaps the plot." He must have 
forgotten that there are storeys in houses. 

Among the stories of his Academic life told by 
ex-President D. C. Gilman in the May Scribnei's 
is one relating to a banquet of the Johns Hopkins 
University members. It was presided over by 
Mr. I. Wallis, a leader of the Bar, who proposed 
'•' The Universities of Great Britain," and he 
called upon Professor Sylvester to respond. The 
famous mathematician rose, uttered a few half- 
audible commonplaces, halted, searched his vest 
pocket in vain for notes, and sat down, saying as 
he did so : "I ought to have prepared myself for 
this occasion, but instead I went to the opera last 
evening, for I could not miss the opportunity of 
hearing Gerster ; so I beg to be excused." It is 

needless to say that the audience, who expected 
from him something unusual, did not expect this 
sort of a surprise. Quick as a flash, the presid- 
ing officer, Mr. Wallis, was on his feet, smiling 
at the discomfited Professor and saying, " I hope 
that will always be the motto of the Johns 
Hopkins University. — Opera, non Verba. 

There is some clever work in Mr. W. J. De La 
Mare's poetic sketches of " Ten Characters from 
Shakespeare," in the May number of the Monthly 
Review. Take the last lines from " Juliet's 
Nurse " : — 

She prates and prates — 
A waterbrook of words o'er twelve same pebbles : 
And when she dies — some grey long summer 

When the bird shouts of childhood thrill thro' the 

Neath night's faint tapers — then her body shall 
Lie stiff with silks of sixty thrifty years. 

And these from " Polonius " : — 

He moves small finders much, and all his speech 

Is like a sampler of precisest words 

Set in the pattern of a simpleton. 

His mirth floats eerily down chill corridors ; 

His wisdom prates as from a wicker ca<;c ; 

His very belly is a pompous nought ; 

His eye a page that hath forgot his errand. 


Mr. H. Panmure-Gordon has had the honour 
of receiving from his Imperial Majesty the 
Fmperor of Japan, through his Excellency Baron 
Hayashi, the Qrdcr of the Rising Sun. 

The marriage arranged between Captain J. R. 
Jellicoe, C.B., Royal Navy, and Florence Gwen- 
doline, daughter of Sir Charles Cayzer, M.P., 
was to take place at Holy Trinity Church, Sloane- 
street, on July 1st. 

The German Emperor has conferred the Order 
of the Red Eagle, with swords of the Second 
Class, on Captain E. H. Bayley, C.B., late com- 
manding the Aurora, for his services in China 
during the Boxer outbreak. 

A marriage has been arranged between Mr. 
Henry Outram Bax-Ironside, His Majesty's Acting 
Charge d'Affaires at Stockholm, of Houghton-le- 
Spring, County Durham, and Countess Martha 
Gyldenstolpe, daughter of Count Gyldenstolpe, 
Master of the Horse to his Majesty the King of 
Sweden and Norway. 

Mr. Edmund Oldfield, of Rushmore, Torquay, 
Honorary Fellow of Worcester College, Oxford, 
who died on April nth, aged 85, leaving personal 
estate of the net value of ^21,832 13s. 3d., 
" desiring to encourage the study of ancient art," 
has bequeathed to the University of Oxford his 
cabinet of antiquities and various specimens of 
Greek, Roman, and Etruscan art in marble, 
bronze, and terra cotta, with the request that they 
should be placed in the Ashmolean Museum and 
be known as the " Oldfield Bequest." 

What appears to be a contraband consignment 
of rifles and ammunition has been discovered by 
the Customs authorities at the Victoria Docks. 
They were concealed in the false sides of a safe, 
one of a number on their way from Birmingham 
to Batoum. Considerable difference of opinion 
exists as to where the goods were made. 

Much damage to property was caused on May 
22nd by the experimental firing of the new 9.2 
guns on the western heights of Dover. Firing 
practice was made at the marine targets. The 
vibration was so great that the houses in the 
neighbourhood of Shakespeare's Cliff sustained 
considerable damage. Windows were broken 
and ceilings brought down, while pictures and 
ornaments were shaken off the walls. 

The limes understands that Sir Chin Chen 
Lofengluh, the outgoing Chinese Minister to 
Great Britain, has received a high office at the 
Court of Peking, about the person of the Emperor. 
! The position is one that usually leads to substan- 
tive administrative appointments of the highest 
rank. Sir Halliday Macartney, the Secretary to 

the Chinese Legation in London, has received 
from the Emperor the First Class of the Double 

A London dispatch of June 2nd stated that 
General Bruce Hamilton will supervise the sur- 
render of arms and the swearing-in of Commandoes 
in the Western Transvaal ; Brigadier-General 
Walter Kitchener, in the Western Transvaal ; and 
Major-General Elliot, in the Orange RiverColony. 

The Franco-Japanese Society of Paris has 
entertained M. Motono, the new Japanese Mini- 
ster in Paris, to lunch. The gathering was well 
attended, and the Minister's health was cordially 
drunk on the proposal of M. Bertin, director of 
Naval Construction, who presided. The excel- 
lent French in which M. Motono replied was 
much appreciated. The Franco-Japanese Society 
is a new organisation which owes its origin to M. 
helix Regamc. 

The new first-class cruiser f.eviathan, which 
returned to Portsmouth on May 20th from 
Plymouth, ran an eight hours' steam trial on the 
deep-channel course, which realised a speed of 
23 ){ v knots, the indicated horse-power being 
31,000. On her 30 hours' trial at three-quarter 
power, the i,eviathan maintained a speed of 2 1 G 
knots with 22,866 horse-power. The amount of 
coal consumption was 1 '7 5 ID. per indicated 
horse-power per hour. 

The Sultan has issued an irade recognising the 
right of Italy and Germany to protect their 
Catholic subjects in the East. This is the end of 
a prolonged contest, France, in virtue of old 
tradition, claiming the exclusive right to this 
protectorate. The refusal of the Sultan to re- 
cognise the French claims in this respect is a 
serious blow to France. No doubt his Majesty 
is not sorry to be able to make this retort to the 
sending of a French squadron to Mitylene. 

It is affirmed in Belfast that as a result of the 
interview of Mr. Pirrie with Mr. Chamberlain and 
Mr. A. J. Balfour the White Star Company will 
not cease to exist on joining the Navigation Syndi- 
cate, but there will be merely a transference of 
shares. Mr. Morgan's syndicate will nominate 
seven British memberj^of the combination, and 
will register the White Starlinein their names under 
the English Companies Act. Present and future 
ships of the company will beat the disposal of the 
British Government, and will retain the British 

The investigations of Professor Thilenius, of 
Breslau, into the prehistoric remains in the 
Museum of Silesian Antiquities have led him to 
some very curious conclusions. He believes not 
only that a race of pigmies was distributed over 
Central Europe, but that they actually existed to 
within a thousand years of our own time. It is 
curious, if this be so, that no reference is made to 
them by ancient writers, for the passage in 
Herodotus mentioning the pigmies who fought 
with the cranes, obviously refers to an African, 
not a European race. 

Sir Charles Dalrymple, M.P., told a neat story 
at the luncheon given at Ipswich the other day 
in celebration of the turning of the first sod of the 
new Suffolk light railway. Some years ago, he 
said, he went down to Dover and attended a 
luncheon given by Sir Edward Watkin in support 
of the Channel Tunnel scheme. He remarked at 
table to a friend of his, " I suppose we are being 
booked for support to the tunnel?" " Don't you 
be afraid," was the reply ; " a great many people 
here are lunching one way, but will vote the 
other." The influence of judiciously dispensed 
hospitality, however, is not to be underrated ; 
" feed the brute " is often as effective a method in 
public as it is proverbially in domestic life. 

Professor George Adam Smith, whose excur- 
sions into the domain of the " higher criticism " 
have been causing some little perturbation in the 
I minds of some of the older members of the 
I Church to which he belongs — the United Free 
; Church of Scotland, the General Assembly of 
which Church has just decided not to try him for 
heresy — is one of the most erudite of theologians, 
and a writer whose works have early attained the 

July 5, 1902.] 


WKttttZ.n ft B »HS»««lSi5r 


rank of classics in their special department. His 
" Historical Geography of the Holy Land " has 
gone through a large number of editions in a very 
short time, and besides much else that primarily 
appeals to the theological student he has written 
a fascinating Life of Henry Urummond. Pro- 
fessor Smith has occupied the chair of Hebrew 
and Old Testament Exegesis in the United Free 
Church College, Glasgow, since 1892. 

Congressman Littlefield, of Maine, tells this 
story about a call he once made on a friend in 
that State. " The preacher was calling at the 
same time. In the midst of our conversation the 
small son of the family, named Reginald, came 
running in. His clothes were torn and one of his 
eyes was blackened. ' Reginald,' said the preach- 
er, ' you've been fighting again. Your clothes 
are torn and you have a black eye. Fighting is 
very wicked. Come here and let me pray for 
you.' Aw, g'wan,' said Reginald ; ' go home and 
pray for your own kid. He's got two black eyes.' " 

A curious discovery has just been made by Mr. 
Fuller, of Yately, Hampshire, into whose posses- 
sion there recently passed a richly embroidered 
tablet, representing King Charles II. and Queen 
Catherine. Neatly concealed in the back of the 
tablet he found the parchment will of Thomas 
Hodgkins, a London merchant. The document 
is dated April 14, 1648, and is now in the pos- 
session of the vicar of Ridge, Hertfordshire. It 
is believed that it will lead to the discovery of an 
accumulated sum of many thousands of pounds 
for the poor of that parish, in whose favour the 
will is made. 

The Temps contains details respecting some 
shooting practice carried out by the French North- 
ern squadron, an old warship, the Sitrcouf, being 
used asa target. Three hundred and forty shofs had 
to be fired before she was sunk, and 41 of these 
shots were fired at a range of from 2,200 to 4,000 
yards. The percentage of hits was 12 per cent., 
a very satisfactory average, the Tenips considers, 
if one compares it with the percentage of hits in 
the battle before Santiago — namely, 2^ — and 
takes into consideration the fact that the mark on 
this occasion was a much smaller one than that 
presented by the Spanish vessels. 

Scotsmen in London have vowed a vow to pro- 
tect the native kilt for Scottish soldiers. The 
General Council of the London Scottish Associa- 
tion and Societies, with a membership of over 
10,000, has held a meeting on the subject, and 
unanimously agreed to record " its protest against 
the proposed change in respect to the dress of the 
Highland regiments, particularly the suggestion 
to discontinue the clan tartan kilts," on the 
ground that such a change would adversely affect 
recruiting in the Highlands, and it respectfully 
" urged the Secretary of State for War and the 
Commander-in-Chief to postpone any alteration 
until after the commanding officers and officers 
generally of the Highland regiments have been 

Kingston-on-Thames commemorated on 19th 
inst. the Coronation of King Edward the Elder, 
which took place there at Whitsuntide just 1,000 
years ago. It was the first time that the anniver- 
sary had been observed, and the festivity was 
due to a number of interesting historical cir- 
cumstances. First, it was the millenary, for King 
Edward was crowned at Kingston on Whit Sun- 
day, 902. Then Edward the Elder was the last 
of the Kings of the Saxon heptarchy, while King 
Edward VII. is the first to rule over the British 
Empire. Further, there were just 50 Kings from 
the Edward of 902 to King Edward of 1902. 
Kingston certainly rose worthily to the occasion. 
The ancient Coronation-stone treasured in the 
little town was tastefully decorated, and the streets 
were gay with bunting. There was a great em- 
blematic procession through the town. The 
afternoon was given up to a military tournament 
and sports, the evening to dancing. 


Mr. A. E. Tutton, F.R.S., has been delighting 
an audience at the Royal Institution with a dis- 
course on the constitution of crystals. The veriest 
tyro in the present day, remarks a correspondent 
of the Westminster, can scoff at Albertus 
Magnus and his notion that the intense cold on 
Alpine summits makes the ice so dry that it con- 
geals into crystals. Or again, at Agricola, to 
whom the crystal was "succus frigore densatus," 
Linnaeus, Uelisle, Haiiy, Mohs, and Weiss are 
names which mark the first stage of scientific 
crystallography and the transition to modern 
doctrine. Mr. Tutton is a signal instance of the 
savant who scorns delights and lives laborious 
days. Immersed during the week in his labours 
under the Board of Education, he has nevertheless 
succeeded in realising to the full in the limited 
time at his disposal that " fearful joy " which may 
occasionally be " snatched " by the devotees of 
that imperious mistress — Science. His work on 
crystallography is to be found in the Philosophical 
Transactions of the Royal Society, and in the 
Zeit. fur Krystallographie. From his researches 
he has deduced a new law : The properties of 
the crystals in any series of salts are functions of 
the atomic weights of the metals they contain. 
He showed in the lecture, by means of a large 
cluster of diamonds, that the emanations from 
transparent crystals are twofold. The exterior 
faces reflect white light ; coloured rays penetrate 
to the interior of the crystal, and are there reflect- 
ed and refracted. One of the most remarkable 
of the many interesting illustrations and experi- 
ments given in the course of the lecture was in 
connexion with what are known as interference 
figures. The figures given by some of the crystals, 
of which the lecturer has made a special study, 
exhibited the curves crossing from the horizontal 
to the vertical as the temperature of the crystals 
varied, or as the crystals were illuminated with 
the light of the different colours of the spectrum. 


The Morning Post has an article on this subject 
written by one who evidently has knowledge of the 
matter, even if his inferences are not in all cases 
correct. In the course of the article, which will doubt- 
less interest many of our readers, the writer states : — 

It was in a frank spirit of plunder that the white 
men first visited the East, and until within the past 
few decades it was generally held that a colony was 
chietly valuable as a source of individual or national 
income. Holland alone among the European Powers 
has held doggedly to the old opinion. The whole 
system of administration in the Dutch Indies is framed 
in obedience to this principle, and any surplus revenue 
that her colonies could produce has always been 
claimed by Holland as her undisputed right. The 
Malayan populations of her colonics are by nature 
indolent, inefficient, and ease-loving, but by nicely 
calculating the precise amount of taxation which a 
native can pay without incurring danger of actual 
want, provided he be diligent, the Dutch have pre- 
sented their Oriental subjects with the alternative of 
a life passed in unremitting toil or the most abject 
indigence. As those who know the character of 
the Malayan race will admit, this is a choice of 
evils the bitterness of which cannot easily be ex- 
aggerated, and the natural result has been a 
widespread hatred of Dutch rule. The most sinister 
part of this feeling of disaffection lies in the fact that 
the natives of the Dutch Colonies do not draw a dis- 
tinction between a white man and .a brown man as 
such, but differentiate only between the Christian and 
the Mahommedan. The hardships, therefore, which 
they endure and the burdens under which they groan 
are regarded by them as the fruits of a settled policy 
whereby the infidels seek to oppress the true believers. 
The spirit of religious fanaticism is thus stirred by 
actions which, in truth, have no connection with 
religion. The authorities in Batavia do not blink the 
fact that the natives are disaffected. Every able- 
bodied white man is enforced to enrol himself in a 
force whose existence is designed to cope with possible 
native risings. In all towns and districts places are 
arranged where the European population can con- 
gregate in the hour of danger. The white men are 
not merely aliens in the land, but know that they are 
hated aliens, Erankensteins engaged in controlling 
a monster which at any moment may turn and 
rend them. 

This knowledge, more even than Dutch persistency, 
is the secret which explains the long duration of the 
war in Acheen. Holland would willingly have with- 
drawn from that contest more than a decade ago, but 

the shock to her prestige in the Archipelago which 
such withdrawal would entail has been a risk too 
great to run. The natives, partly through lack of 
power to combine, partly through the want of able 
leaders, and partly through the rigorous toil that saps 
their energies and is their unchanging lot, have 
hitherto effected nothing more serious than a sporadic 
and an abortive rising, easily and bloodily subdued ; 
but the will to rebel is quick in them, and given a 
leader and propitious circumstances, appalling things 
may occur in spite of the watchfulness and the pre- 
cautions of their rulers. Meanwhile, there is another 
aspect of the situation which promises trouble to the 
Mother county. In spite of the Dutchmen's freely 
expressed and openly-displayed contempt for and 
lack of sympathy with the native races, the practice 
of living in concubinage with brown women is almost 
universal, and, curiously enough, the offspring of 
these unions rank as white folk, and are admitted into 
Colonial society on terms of equality. Thus there is 
throughout the Dutch Indies a large and ever-in- 
creasing Eurasian population which despises and 
abuses the full-blooded native as only those can do 
who have a trickle of the same stuff in their veins, 
and is yet alienated by birth, training, and associa- 
tions from the country in distant Europe to which it 
nevertheless claims to belong. To this population of 
a mixed race must be added the many Dutch families 
who have settled permanently in the colonies, rearing 
their children in the temperate climate of the hills' 
and bringing them up as colonials first and Dutch- 
men afterwards, and that rather by tradition than by 
any community of views and sympathies. 

As yet the trouble indicated is but a tiny cloud on 
the political horizon. The colonists are not ready 
for revolt. But the trouble is there, and its threat is 
unmistakable. The colonists, however, will find 
themselves in a position of the greatest difficulty. 
They desire liberties for themselves, but the bare 
idea of extending this blessing to the native popula- 
tion would appear to them in the light of the veriest 
insolence. Combination between the white man and 
the brown man in the Dutch Indies is an impossibility, 
and it is the rooted conviction of every colonist that 
the natives must, above all things, be kept under. 
That this would be a difficult achievement for them 
if unaided by some other European country must 
be evident even to the most arrogant among them. 
But if there be no hope of obtaining what is 
demanded in other directions from Holland, there 
are certain Powers, it is thought, that might be 
willing to extend their protection to the colonists while 
granting them the rights for which they crave. That 
some such development is to be ultimately looked 
for is the conclusion at which various independent 
observers of the situation have arrived, but there is 
considerable diversity of opinion as to the Power most 
likely to become the inheritor of the Dutch Colonies. 
Until quite recently the local Dutch were accustomed 
to say openly that Great Britain would natually step 
in, obtaining the troublesome island by the payment 
to Holland of a generous sum. At that time the feel- 
ings of the colonists, as far as secession was contem- 
plated at all, most distinctly favoured this view, and our 
own interests in this part of Asia made it not improb- 
able that, given the opportunity, we should be willing 
to assume charge of the Dutch islands. Now, how- 
ever, the animosities excited by the Boer war have 
worked a complete revolution in Dutch colonial senti- 
ment, and when to this is added the notorious leniency 
to the native races which characterises our rule, and 
is an abomination in the sight of the colonial Dutch, 
a chance of any voluntary cession being made to 
Great Britain must be regarded as remote. Germany, 
on the other hand, is thought by many to stand a far 
better chance of acquiring the Dutch Indies. The 
ultimate absorption of Holland in the German Em- 
pire is something more than a dream, and if this 
inclusion were to be effected the Dutch Colonies 
would, it is thought, pass naturally' into the keeping 
of the Emperor William. The dream of the German 
expansionist has long been the nightmare of the 
Dutch. The presence of a powerful neighbour on 
the borders of Holland, casting covetous glances at 
their country, has impressed the popular imagina- 
tion, and no matter how entirely the colonists have 
lost touch with their Fatherland they have not ceased 
to look on Germany as their natural enemy. Anyone 
who has not had intimate personal dealings with the 
Dutch in the East Indies cannot realise how strong 
the inherited feeling of dislike and distrust is in 
them. As it seems to be as unconquerable as it is 
illogical, it may well be thought to be sufficient to 
place the acquirement of the colonies by Germany by 
peaceful measures quite beyond the range of practical 
politics. America need hardly be considered seriously. 
Though it has not been usual to regard France as the 
probable inheritor of the Dutch possessions in Asia 
it must be admitted that her prospects are in this 
respect superior to those of either Great Britain or 
Germany, though it is safe to prophesy that if this 
transference of territory were to take place Germany 
would demand its quid pro quo nearer home, and 
that the days of Holland as a separate State would 
then be numbered. 

14 W»-fr3y*Hi;ittH*Ha«1B4&KpJ the japan weekly MAIL. 

[July s, 1902. 

THE SHIPPING COMBINE, & AFTERWARDS. \ less beset by icebergs and fog during the early 

I summer and spring. It could lie made possible, oi 

I con: se. to get to St. John's from London — say, t>t'A 
If Mr. I'ierpont Morgan s latest achievement were Shaven (barring accidents) in something less 
really destined to deprive, Great Britain of tjtree than four dayS( t0 ,,,-occed at most seasons, by the 
auxiliary cruisers, we could hardly seek consolation new rMw ^ y an <j ,,, e steamer service (six hours) from 
by, reflecting that they would be superseded before p ort aux Basques to Sydney, Cape Breton, in about 
the transfer took place. I he W hite Star boats have twenty-four hours more, to reach Moncton, on the 


Canadian Pacific, in another seven, and then to get 
to Montreal in fifteen more, or to New York in 
I about the same time. Total, rather less than six 
1 days, no doubt greatly reducible hereafter as regards 
the land portion of the journey. But whether a 
I service which involved two ferries — one of six hours, 
one across the Gut of Canso from 1 lawkesbury, in 
his matter for us in any naval war lor the next : Cape Breton> t0 p ort Mulgrave, in Nova Scotia— and 
r years. But consolation for the Combine may conse q uent i y precluded through-cars from St. John's 

\\ ould 

lived longer than their rivals, and have grown old 
more slowly. The Germanic, built in 1874, still 
takes her turn, while the Cunardcrs Gallia :\wAScrvia, 
built respectively five years later, have been with- 
drawn. Unless the turbine, or some other propeller, 
drives out the twin screw, the loss even of the 'J'cit/o- 
nic and Majestic, still more of the Oceanic, would he 
a serious 
twenty _ 

be found in other ways. To begin with, it has been 
certain for years that American capitalists would try ( 
to capture the Atlantic Ferry as soon as they could. Q, n . u |;. 
The enterprise is not only business; it appeals to | 
sentiment. Consider what the service means to Ame- j 
ricans — their sole means oi getting to the rest of 
the civilised world. To Englishmen, it is merely | 
the best set of steamship services extant, with three 
or four others, all purely concerned with the British 
Empire, dividing their attention. From the first, it 
has appealed to American ambition, and in its early | 
days it seemed likely that the desperate efforts of 
New York capitalists to control it would succeed. 
The Collins line was subsidised in 1849 by the United 
States Government, and for some six or seven years 
(as Mr. Henry Fry has recorded in his North . Xtlantic 
Steam Navigation) had the cream of the passenger 
traffic and " held the record for speed. But its at- 
tempts to "break the windows of the Cunarders with 
sovereigns" brought it near bankruptcy J two great 
disasters, the loss of the Arctic in 1854. and of 
the Pacific in 1856, finished its ruin; and by 
the time its finest ship, the Adriatic, was ready 
for sea, it could not run her. Then Commodore 
Vanderbilt, who had begun with ferry steamboats, 
tried his hand, but his best ship, called after her 
owner, was too expensive to run, and he generously 
presented her to the United States Government 
during the war and devoted himself to railroads. 
Then came the war and the .Alabama, and when 
peace was restored there was the W est to be deve- 
loped, and a protective tariff which made it hopeless 
to run ships undei the American Hag. But American 
capital has long been in the trade. The Guion Line 
now defunct, was largely owned in America ; the 
Atlantic Transport and the Red Star are virtually 
American. And so we may solace our souls by the 
Stoical reflection that we are merely witnessing ano- 
ther stage in the realisation of manifest destiny. 

But does the Combine mean control ? One cannot 
but doubt it. Colossal cargo carriers, like the At- 
lantic Transport liners or the Cymric, cannot suite the 

to New York or Montreal — would attract passengers 
may well be doubted. What is within reach, if the 
"ian Government will give a subsidy, is a fast 
service from Plymouth to Halifax (2,400 miles), or 
even from Liverpool to Halifax (slightly less). The 
sea passage would be four days and three-quarters, 
or less ; the express from Halifax now reaches 
Montreal (756 miles) in twenty-four hours; the time 
from Halifax to New York, via Bangor (Maine), 
Portland, and Boston might be three or four hours 
less, though the railroads of Eastern Maine might 
need some relaying and speeding up. And the 
New York and New Haven Railroad, the best in 
the United States, probably has its stock too 
firmly held by private investors to be brought 
into an_v Trust. Finally, as indeed Lord 
Strath con a has suggested, it would be a proud 
day for Canada if she could beat her neighbours at 
their own game. And what chances a fast service 
to Halifax would offer to the sportsman who cannot 
afford a grouse-moor! " One-third of New Bruns- 
wick is a good game country"; "the interior of 
Newfoundland is a vast deer park" ; moose, caribou, 
bear, and deer ; wildfow l of sorts, grouse, woodcock ; 
salmon and trout fishing in abundance — such are a 
few of the attractions offered by the Canadian Pacific 
cast of Montreal. The old Collins lint: ultimately 
received 33,ooodols. per round voyage as subsidy, 
for fortnightly sailings — say, £(\oco. It probably 
costs more than that to get the J h'lttschland across 
the Atlantic. What sum is the Dominion Govern- 
ment prepared to stand ? — J. S. Mann, in the West- 


By an Habitue. 
My recollections of Simpson's extend over thirty 
years, and the announcement that it is to be swept 
away for the Strand improvements fills me with 

eniencc of individual shippers as the ocean tramp dismay. What saddles of mutton I must have con 


can. And as to passenger traffic: while steerage 
passengers may go by the lines which work with the 
trunk railroads, and can give them the lowest through 
rate, the class for whom the fast steamships are run, 
and for whose benefit records are broken, w ill travel, 
regardless of cost, by the line which breaks them 
oftenest. But the Combine is tied to its railroad 
termini, especially New York — a magnificent port 
when you arc in it, but approached by a crowded 
and tortuous channel, flanked, and fronted by- 
sands which shift so continually that the buoys 
which indicate them cannot be marked on the 
chart, w ith a bar kept dow n by dredging, but still 
not passable except at half-tide ; and therefore hard- 
ly the proper terminus of an express service. Fancy 
if the Dutch mail steamers still started from off the 
Tower ! And just as Queenborough and Harwich 
have taken the place of London for express traffic, 
so other ports must take that of New York. For 
years we have heard of projects for connecting Mil- 
ford, or more recently Berehavcn, with Gardiner's 
Bay, or some other harbour at the east end of 
Long Island. That would save six or seven 
hours at least— say, three-fourths of a business 
day— on the American side, and considerably more 
at the British. But the suitability of the American 
harbours is questioned ; it would be no great advant- 
age to be deposited in Brooklyn, but until the Eas^ 
River is tunnelled there will be an awkward break 
of continuity between this route and the West. And 

at this establishment to omit to have a second help- 
ing. The juicy joint is wheeled alongside your table, 
and the carver, whose face has been so familiar for 
years, whets his blade in your presence and deftly 
cuts off a slice first from the saddle portion, and then 
a fatty tit-bit from the tailend. After this a large 
spoonful of gravy is poured over the succulent morsel, 
the cover is replaced, and the joint wheeled off to 
some other hungry mortal. I have often thought 
how amazed the foreigner must be who accidentally 
wanders into this paradise of good English fare. 
The "carte du jour" which is handed to him must 
appear curious reading. It runs very much as 
follows : — 

Roast Beef, 
Saddle of Mut'on, 
Roast Beef, 
Saddle of Mutton, 
Roast Beef, 
Saddle of Mutton, 
on, with very little variation to the 
a nation- of barbarians." I hear him 
" How is it possible that any digestion except that of 
an ostrich, could consume such repealed helpings of 
' Selle de motiton.' Poor fellow, it is he who is the 
ignoramus. These repeated allusions are, of course, 
to show the succession in which the joints follow each 
other, so that say you come to your meal at one 
o'clock, you can tell (after referring to the waiter) 

"that I commenced life as a boy at one of VV. II. 
Smith's book-stalls ! " Could it be possible that he, 
William, had reached such a pinnacle of greatness 
from such a lowly slate ? From being a simple, 
but respected, waiter, he had latterly been pro- 
moted to taking the amount of your bill, and his 
cheery voice could be heard all over the room as he 
intoned the words " Money on 10," or whatever was 
the number of your box. Poor William's health 
broke clown some years ago, but he is often inquired 
after by those who knew him in the days of his 
splendour. The stereotyped reply to the inquiry is 
that William is still alive, and living in a little cottage 
in the suburbs of tow n, attending to his garden, and 
narrating to his friends and neighbours stories about 
all the celebrities he has waited on in his day. His 
only wonder is that Simpson's can be carried on suc- 
cessfully without his presence, and although this may 
be an exaggerated estimate, his loss is regretted by 

In speaking of Simpson's the Diyan must not be 
forgotten. There is nothing Oriental about this part 
of the building, and divans and luxurious sofas are 
conspicuous by their absence. No houris wait upon 
you with chibouques, and captivate you with their 
languorous black eyes. It is altogether a very com- 
monplace apartment, and I have never seen a turban 
or a yashmak there. Little tables abound among 
very British surroundings. At the same time, there 
is a great quiet and repose, which is distinctly 
Eastern, and quite refreshing after the busy bustling 
Strand. On the tables are chessboards with substan- 
tial and well-worn chessmen, which have evidently 
been parties to many a haid-fought encounter. A 
sprinkling of foreign looking and serious-minded men 
are engaged at their favourite game. Absolute 
silence reigns, only disturbed at intervals by the 
magic word " Check !" A waiter hovers about, bring- 
ing from the lower regions from time to time choice 
cigars and fragrant coffee. The Divan is no place 
for the frivolous, but it is an institution which, from 
its age and its historical record as a chess centre, will 
be much missed, not only by the votaries of the game, 
but by those who, by courtesy, are privileged to look 
on while an encounter between giants is taking place. 

Simpson's is undoubtedly an old-fashioned place, 
but it is to lie regretted that it should be included in 
the category of Vanishing London. Even if rebuilt 
— as I hear it will be — I doubt whether it will retain 
its old charm'to those who have been accustomed to 
it as it is for so man)- years. It will probably be 
more of the Restaurant than the superior Eating 
House. Possibly — but I am writing without actual 
knowledge — it will be modernised out of all recogni- 
tion. The old English waiter may perhaps be re- 
placed by the German. The thought of a German 
waiter in such a thoroughly British house gives one 
the shivers, and if William heard of it it would 
probably be fatal to him ! The boxes may have to 
make room for separate tables and saddles of mutton 
be replaced by foreign kickshaws. Such thoughts 
make an old man sad. No one goes to Simpson's 
for a light meal ; at least, such is my experience. It 
means one, if not two cuts off the joint with a 
" follow," a pile of fresh vegetables done to a turn, a 
piece of old Cheddar (such cheese !), with green-meat 
and pulled bread, and last, but not least, a good 
substantial glass of O. and E., or Old and Elegant. 
If you wish to be considered an habitui, O. and E. is 
the term to be used ; if not, it is permitted to ask for 
Old Port ; but to my mind it never tastes the same. 
I verily believe it is of quite a different vintage. 
Many an old fellow like the writer will heave a sigh 
when his accustomed haunt becomes a thing of the 
past. — Globe. 

and so 
" What 



the north shore of Long Island Sound does not | which is the best cut to choose from. Ten to one if 
seem to afford a satisfactory terminus for monster it is the foreigner's first visit he will go away forced 
ships. Put there are better alternatives. Lord 
Strathcona's suggestion of a subsidised line from 


English port to Louisbtirg, which is free from ice at 
all seasons, is perhaps a counsel of perfection. 
Louisburg wants developing ; it is only some 200 miles 
nearer England than Halifax. True, there is coal 
near at hand, but not steam coal. The commis- 
sariat might prove a difficulty ; and it is on a 
branch line of a railroad that probably wants relaying 
to make it suitable for fast traffic. St. John's, N.F., 
again, though less than 2,000 miles from the Irish 
coast, is all but unapproachable during the early 
part of the year, and the neighbourhood is mote ot- 

to confess that he has never eaten such meat in his 
life. The vegetables, loo, he will disparage as being 
all " cuits a l'eau," and so they are, but such simpli- 
city is in keeping with the rest of the entertainment. 

Simpson's is the most conservative establishment 
I have ever met. The little boxes are just as they 
were in my salad days. The same waiters, grown 
old in the service, remain on 'from year to year. 
Who does not. remember, if he is, like the writer, an 
old habitue, William the bland of countenance and 
portly of build ? He had arrived, so he told you, at 
the head of his profession from humble beginnings. 
" Would you believe it, sir," he once remarked, 

A large party of officials from the Admiralty, 
including Lord Selborne, Admiral May, and Captain 
Angus Macleod, visited Portsmouth Dockyard on 
May 22nd and spent a long time on board the 
battleship London, which is now quite ready for the 
pennant, says the Globe. They were keenly interested 
in the mechanism of the turret, and the method of 
manipulating the heavy guns. The Londo}i\s fitted 
with a very clever device for training and elevating 
the turret guns. It consists of a pistol grip placed in 
the sighting position. By raising or lowering this 
pistol grip the guns are elevated or lowered, by mov- 
ing it to the right or left as required the guns and 
turret are trained on the object, and by pressing 
the trigger beneath it cither gun or both can be fired 
at the will of the observer. And all this is done 
without having to take the eyes off the sights, almost 
one might say without thinking. 

The gun circuits also claimed official attention. 
These are on a different principle to those which 
proved defective on the Mars, and it is considered 
that a repetition of the Mars disaster is an impossi- 
bility with them. A general memo has been issued, 
by the way, directing that the use of all auxiliary cir- 
cuits of this defective type shall be discontinued for the 
present, pending an alteration which will provide an 

July 5, 1902.] 


efficient safety arrangement. At the same time, it is 
worthv of note that these or other circuits on a similar 
principle have been in use for the last ten or fifteen 
years, and no accident has resulted from them. That 
one should occur row only emphasises the fact that 
it is impossible to absolutely eliminate the personal 
term from the equation of the condition of safety. 
The Mars accident appears to have been due simply 
and entirely to an unfortunate mistake, and a mis- 
take, moreover, that, six months ago, any gunnery 
expert would have denounced as patently impossible. 

After leaving the turrets Hair and Stroud's new 
range and order indicators were examined and test- 
ed. These have been fitted to the latest of the Japa- 
nese battleships, but the Loin/on is the first ship in 
our Navy in which they have been regularly placed. 
They consist of dials, with pointers indicating "ranges" 
or "orders," and are placed between the conning 
tower and the gun positions. The mechanism is 
clock-work, and the communication is maintained 
between the positions by electric circuits. They 
appear to be very simple and efficient to work, 
but their construction is somewhat complicated and it 
is probably beyond the art of an ordinary mechanic 
to repair them. Whether or no they will be efficient in 
action is an open question, but it is theopinion of many 
naval officers that by no means can communication be 
maintained once an action has commenced. There 
is, indeed, a growing feeling that this complicated 
system of bells, telephones, and indicators of all sorts 
which now prevails in battleships is a waste of 
money, and is almost harmful in its influence on the 
training of the guns' crews. As a rule these devices 
work perfectly in peace time, and at " general quar- 
ters " communications can be efficiently maintained 
between the conning tower and any gun, hence the 
guns' crews get to rely too much upon orders receiv- 
ed from the conning tower, and lose that independ- 
ence and initiative of action upon which they most 
surely will have to rely when real war comes. 
Another objection is that a blow upon the conning 
tower will possibly put them all out of adjustment, 
and make chaos worse confounded. It is rumoured 
that in view of this possibility, a conning tower 
in the Belleisle will be fitted up with instru- 
ments of all sorts and subjected to a moderate 
gunfire to test the reliability of these instruments 
under service conditions. After the range indicators, 
the electric motors for working the ammunition 
hoists and the after capstan were inspected. The 
ventilation of the ship, too, is almost entirely con- 
trolled by electric motor fans, and for all such 
purposes motors are most suitable, sav ing as they do 
in attention, weight, and efficiency. 


(Reuter's Service to the "Japan Mail.") 


London, June 27. 
The latest bulletin of the King's condition, 
dated the 26th, is most favourable in every 

The bulletin issued this morning says that 
the King passed a fair night and obtained 
some natural sleep. His appetite is improv- 
ing and the wound is more comfortable. 
His condition is attended with less anxiety. 

The following has been kindly communi- 
cated to us by H.B.M.'s Legation : — ■ 

London, June 27, 1.35 p.m. 

The King has had a fair night and there 
is less cause for anxiety. 

London, June 28. 
The latest bulletins say that the condition 
of the King is satisfactory, that there are no 
disquieting symptoms and that the tempera- 
ture is normal. Within a week the doctors 
will be able to judge definitely regarding 
convalescence, but it is fully intended if His 
Majesty's state continues satisfactory that 
the Coronation shall take place in the early 

A telegram from Baron Sannimoya, 
Grand Master of Ceremonies, now in Prince 
Komatsu's suite in London, received by the 
Japanese Imperial Household on June 28th, 
says that Kin^ Edward, since the perform- 
ance of the operation, is steadily recovering, 
and that the Coronation festivities will there- 
fore, take place at no distant date. 

London, June 29. 

The King has been transferred to his 

couch. He is cheerful and active-minded. 
His progress is marvellous. He passed a 
comfortable day on the 28th, and in the 
afternoon it was announced that further 
bulletins would be discontinued. * 

The following bulletin was issued on 
Monday morning by H.B.M.'s Consulate :— 
London, 1.55 p.m. June 29. 

King passed good night satisfactory pro- 

London, June 30. 

The bulletin issued at four o'clock on the 
afternoon of the 29th said that the King's 
progress was in every way satisfactory. 
The local discomfort is much less. 

No bulletin regarding the King was 
issued last night and henceforth only two 
bulletins per day will be published, one at 
ten o'clock and the other at seven. 

Lord Cranborne has announced that the 
King is getting rapidly better. 

London, July I. 

The bulletin issued on the afternoon of 
the 30th said that a comfortable day was 
passed by the King and that the discomfort 
of dressing the wound, which gives much 
distress, is less. 

London, July 2. 
The bulletin issued at 7 o'clock in the 
evening said that the advance in the King's 
condition was maintained. His appetite is 
improving. The discomfort of the wound is 
less. His Majesty is still easily fatigued by 
the least exertion. 


London, June 26. 
The Hon. C. P. Chater, CM. G., of Hong- 
kong, has been knighted. 

Prince Komatsu goes to Paris in about a 
week's time. 


June 27. 

Mr. Pelham L. Warren, C.M.G., (Consul- 
General at Shanghai) has been made a 
K.C.M.G.,and Mr. W. T. Archer, Consul at 
Bangkok, Commander of St. Michael and 
St. George ; Dr. HOokai, of Hongkong (un- 
official member of Hongkong Legislative 
Council) has been appointed a Companion 
of the new Imperial Service Order. 


London, June 29. 

A treaty has been signed at Berlin pro- 
longing the Triple Alliance unchanged. 


The King is touched by the loyalty and 
devotion shown in thousands of letters and 
telegrams from all classes and creeds 
throughout the Empire. The one thing that 
weighed upon his mind was the disappoint- 
ment of his subjects at the postponement of 
the ceremony of the Coronation. 


London, June 30. 
There was a crowded and impressive in- 
tercessory service at St. Paul's on Sunday. 
The Duke of Connaught and Lord Lans- 
downe were present. 


London, July 1. 
Prince Cheng has departed. 


The conference of Colonial Premiers has 
been opened. The proceedings are private. 
Mr. Chamberlain, Secretary of State for the 
Colonies, presided* 


The Colonial and Indian troops have been 
taken round the fleet at Spithead. 


London, June 30. 
It is suggested that the Coronation bon- 
fires be lighted to-night. 


London, July r. 
Cronje has signed the oath of allegiance 
at St. Helena. 


The Coronation bonfires were started 
throughout the United Kingdom by the 
discharge of a huge rocket from the great 
wheel at Earl's Court. 


Prince Komatsu lunched with the Duke 
of Connaught yesterday. 


M. Beau, the Minister of France in 
Peking, has been appointed Governor of 


The Colonial Contingents were reviewed 
by the Duke of Connaught to-day at the 
Horse Guards amid intense enthusiasm. Im- 
mense crowds were gathered in the neigh- 
bourhood of the Parade-ground. 

(Received at the Legation of France.) 

Saigon, June 29. 
The Chamber of Deputies has voted con- 
fidence in the Government by 393 votes to 
74, in the sequel of an interpellation about 
the Humbert affair, in order to prosecute all 
the culpable and carry out all judicial con- 


Saigon, July 1. 
The Minister of Marine, in a speech de- 
livered at Versailles, declared that it was 
necessary to have a national army occupied 
uniquely with military affairs. 

(Received at the Naval Department in Tokyo.) 


Admiral Ijuin reports that on the 27th 
instant the Asama and the Takasago left 
Portsmouth for Sheerness. 

(Received at the Foreign Office in Tokyo.) 
During the week" commenced on the 1 6th 
inst, over five hundred deaths from cholera 
occurred in Shanghai according to a tele- 
gram from the Japanese Consul. 

The Commissioners of the United States 
and China commenced their negotiations for 
the revision of the tariff on the 27th instant 
at Shanghai. 

The Austro-Hungarian Minister in Peking, 
who is the Doyen of the Corps Diplomatique 
in that city, left for Europe on the 21st. 
June. Thus the United States Representa- 
tive becomes Doyen. 

On the 26th of June the United States 
House of Representatives passed without 
amendment the Senate's bill for the con- 
struction of an interoceanic canal. The bill 
provides that if full proprietory rights can be 
acquired in the Panama Canal, the President 
shall have discretionary power to choose be- 
tween Panama and Nicaragua. 

The Russian Representative in Tokyo in- 
formed the Japanese Government on the 



[July 5, 1902. 

28th ultimo that Russia had declared Saga 
to be a cholera-infected district. 

With reference to the Tientsin civil- 
government question, the Russian represen- 
tative on the Board having been withdrawn, 
Russia has officially stated that she will 
take no further part in the negotiations for 
the rendition of the city. 

(Received in Tokyo.) 
Owing to the imposition of all kinds of 
increased or new taxes in Fuhkien 
province, several hundreds of the inhabi- 
tants have raised a riot. The things taxed 
arc opium, sake, pots, land, timber, paper, 
tea, houses and shops, business, beans, fish- 
nets, pigs, sheep, vegetables, fire-wood, 
rafts, clams, etc., the whole product of 
these taxes being one million taels annually. 

(From the "Jiji Shimpo.") 

London, June 25. 
The King's condition continues as good as 
can be expected and his temperature is normal. 
It will, however, be several days before the crisis 
is passed. 

In consequence of the King's illness all the 
Coronation preparations have been postponed. 

The Naval Authorities have issued a notice 
stating that the Naval Review at Spithead has 
been postponed. 


The King is gradually recovering and no 
anxiety need be entertained. 

Peace has been restored in Columbia and poli- 
tical offenders are granted amnesty. 

The Government has rejected the proposal to 
carry out the Naval Review at Spithead notwith- 
standing the King's illness. The war-ships now 
assembled there will therefore be dispersed within 
the course of next week. 


London, June 26. 
The wound caused by the operation on the 
King is healing satisfactorily. 

Viscount Cranborne, Under-Secretary of State 
for Foreign Affairs, speaking in the House of 
Commons, stated that the Government has in- 
structed the British Minister in Peking to propose 
a change in the conditions regarding the trans- 
ference of the Civil Government of Tientsin. 
The insurgents of Venezuela have been success- 
ful, and it is rumoured that the Government forces, 
and the Vice-President, have surrendered. 
The Rt. Hon. William Lidderdale, a director 
of the Bank of England, is dead. 

The British press, in a series of articles, has 
sincerely praised Japan on account of her having 
attained an important position commercially in 
China and Korea, and also because of her scheme 
for further expanding her naval forces. 


London, June 27. 
The King's temperature is normal and he is 
gradually recovering. 

London, June 28. 
The first period of the King's illness has safely 
passed and the Court physicians have announced 
that there is no longer any acute crisis. Should 

Government of Venezuela have ceased. Various 
Americanenterprises inColumbia have consequent- 
ly assumed a tone of activity, and the right of 
gold mining, and collecting gum and asphalt has 
been secured, as also a monopoly of river naviga- 

Mr. Rooseveldt, President of the United States, 
has granted an amnesty to Aguinaldo, the former 
leader of the insurgents in the Philippines. 
The treaty for the continuance of the Triple 
Alliance was signed at Berlin to-day, all the 
clauses in the former Treaty being preserved. 

London, June 30. 
The King's recovery is remarkably rapid. 

The Japanese cruisers Asama and Takasago, 
together with the newly built torpedo-destroyer 
Asasliiwo, have weighed anchor for Sheerness. 
The German, Portuguese, Russian and Chinese 
Ambassadors for the Coronation have already left 

The Turkish Consul at Geneva, has been ex- 
pelled from that city. 


The Prince of Wales was to inspect the Colo- 
nial troops to-morrow and also the Indian troops 
on Wednesday. 


A St. Petersburg journal, the Svet, in a lead- 
ing article, states that, in view of the imperfect 
dock accommodation at Port Arthur, Russia 
must acquire ice-free ports, otherwise her warships 
may be compelled to take shelter in Japanese 
harbours during winter. The same paper declares 
that as it is likely that in the event of an out- 
break of hostilities, Japan would blockade Port 
Arthur and Vladivostock, Russia must acquire a 
base of acting on the Pacific coast, and points to 
Masampo as best fitted for the purpose. 

(From the "Japan Herald.") 

London, June 26. 
The morning bulletin states that the King has 
improved in all respects. 

Bedsides a baronetcy for Sir Thomas Jackson, 
General Manager of the Hongkong and Shanghai 
Bank, and a knighthood for the Hon. C. P. 
Chater of Hongkong, the honours include the 
I Grand Cross of the Order of St. Michael and St. 
! George for Sir Ernest Satow, British Minister to 
i Peking ; and the Order of the Knight Command- 
1 er of St. Michael and St. George for Mr. Pelham 
! Warren, British Consul at Shanghai. 

(The telegram also gives the name of " Koka " as 
having received a C.M.G., but we have been 
unable to identify who this is.) 


London, June 27. 
The latest bulletin with regard to the King's 
condition states that there are no disquieting 


London, June 29. 
The negotiations between the United States 
and the Vatican with regard to ecclesiastical 
affairs in the Philippines are not progressing satis- 
factorily, the Vatican's demands being regarded 
as impossible. 


London, July 1. 
At a conference between the U.S. House of 

(From the " Deutsche Japanpost.") 

Berlin, June 27. 
The press of the whole of Europe, especially of 
Germany, expresses great sympathy with King Ed- 
ward's illness, 

The railway Swakopmiind-Windhoek, German 
South-West Africa, has been opened. 

This railway will greatly help in developing the 
resources of a country which is more than one and a 
half times the size of Germany. 

The relief of the German occupation corps in China 
left Germany. 

The shares of the German Shantung Railway have 
been emitted at the rate of 103.5. 

Berlin, June 28. 

The German Emperor has placed King Edward 
VII. a la suite of the German Navy. 

Turkey has issued a circular note in which she 
maintains her rig/it upon Tripolis. 

The troubles in Vtnezuela are increasing. The 
insurgents took Santa Ana de Coro, capital of the 
Vcnezulean State of Falcon, on the Maracaibo bay. 

Berlin, June 30. 
The Triple Alliance has been renewed under the 
old terms and the documents were signed at Berlin 
by Count Billow, Count Lanza and Mr. v. Szogyeiiyi- 

The United States have granted annesty to the 
political prisoners of the Philippine Islands including 

Vice Admiral von Biichsel has been appointed 
Chief of the German Naval Staff in succession to 
Vice Admiral von Diederichs resigned. 

Prince Henry has left London, King Edward's 
condition causing no further anxiety. 

Mr. Beau has been appointed Governor General 
of Indo-China. 

Berlin, July I. 
The renewal of the Triple Alliance has been wel- 
comed with great sympathy by the whole press of 
lun ope. 

Near Cape Haiti, (island of Haiti) fighting with 
rebels has been reported. 

With regard to the collision between a German 
torpedo-boat and an Plnglish steamer at Kiel, King 
Edward VII. Admiral a. 1. s. of the German Navy, 
has wired to Emperor Wilhelm his most hearty con- 
gratulations on behalf of the excellent behaviour of 
the German crew. The drowned German captain's 
I last orders vvjere to first rescue the crew of the Eng- 
lish steamer. 

His Majesty's condition improve as rapidly as is ; Representatives and the Senate on the Philip- 
expected the Coronation festivities will take place pines' Bill, a compromise was agreed to, eliminat- 
in August, when there will be illuminations in ing the gold standard clauses and postponing the 
the streets of London, military reviews in India constitution of the legislative assembly until a 
and other British dominions and receptions to census shall have been taken, 
princely guests from various countries. PRINCE CHEN. 

THE UNITED STATES AND COLUMBIA, j Ring Leopold has entertained Prince Chen at 
'The hostilities between the insurgents and the dinner at Ostend. 



(From the "N.-C. Daily News.") 

Changchoufu, June 
Everything in North Honan is peaceful, 
itinerating is uninterrupted. 


Berlin, June 21. 
King George, the succeeding King of Saxony, has 
issued an address to his army, stating that good faith 
to the Confederation of the Empire, which he inherit- 
ed from his brother the late King, will be the guid- 
ing principle of his reign 


Chungking, June 23. 
The news is confirmed of the massacre at Yung- 
hsien of a preacher and nine converts belonging to the 
American .Methodist Mission. 

An insurrection has broken out in Tszechow sub- 
Prefecture. The officials are quite helpless, and 
matters there are getting very serious. 


Bombay, June 26. 
At the National Sporting Club, on the 25th inst. 
Gus Ruhlin beat Tom Sharkey in the heavy-weight 
contest in eleven rounds. 

(From the " Shanghai Mekcurv.") 

Soochow, June 2r. 

Cholera is still raging here among the natives and 
the deaths are numerous. Each day many are re- 
ported but there are cases that are never reported, as 
it seems to rage in one locality for a while and then 
shifts to another. It has been reported that there 
were at one time as many as 100 deaths in one dav. 
In the last few days there have been two or three 
" scares " among the foreigners but nothing serious 
has resulted yet. 

All precautions are being taken as regards food 
and water. The foreign and native physicians are 
kept busy answering calls at all hours of the day and 


London, June 22. 
The Canadian coronation arch erected at White- 
hall is one of the handsomest decorations in evidence. 
Much material lor its erection was brought by the 

July 5, 1902.] 


Canadian contingent. Great pleasure is expressed 
at the interest displayed by these Western " Sons of 
the Empire," whose services in South Africa were 
second to none. 


London, June 22. 
The Times says that yesterday's Parliamentary 
debates have committed the Government to the only 
rational and efficient policy of Imperial defence, 
namely treating as a whole, but involving the 
separate but correlated functions of the Army and 

Coronation visitors are crowding into London from 
all parts of the globe. The streets are crowded with 
the- multitudes viewing the decorations which are 
rapidly approaching completion. 


London, May 22. 
The unsettled condition of the weather is causing 
great anxiety. Some of the earliest decorations are 
already bedraggled with rain. 


Chengtu, June 21. 
A famine is feared in Szechuen and the Boxers are 
spreading near Lunguanhsien. 

A telegram from Tszcheo states that hundreds of 
Boxers hold a fortified position there, and that the 
situation is urgent. 


Sheakwan, June 22. 
The Chinese cruiser Kate hi was destroyed by an 
explosion at thirty minutes after noon to-day. A 
half minute after the explosion she sank. Only two 
lives were saved, 150 being killed and drowned. 

London, 24th June, 1.15 p.m. 
His Majesty the King is undergoing an operation 

1.55 p.m. 

The King is suffering from strangulated hernia. 
His condition was satisfactory on Saturday. Hopes 
were enlerUined that the King would be able to en- 
dure the Coronation ceremony, but a recrudescence 
yesterday necessitated an operation. 

2.15 p.m. 

All London was thunderstruck on hearing the news 
and dismay prevailed everywhere. The vast crowds 
parading the streets witnessing the decorations are 
dumbfounded. Large crowds have congregated 
round the Palace and Mansion House. Much sor- 
row is expressed at the date of the Coronation being 
postponed. The exact date of the Coronation has 
not yet been been suggested as weeks may elapse be- 
fore the King is w ell enough to go through the cere- 

The Earl Marshall has announced that the King 
sorrows greatly o»\ing to his serious illness neces- 
sitating a postponement of the Coronation, in con- 
sequence of which there will be no London celebra- 
tion, but the King hopes that country celebrations 
will remain unaltered. 

2.40 p.m. 

The operation was successfully performed at noon 

2.50 p.m. 

The King has regained consciousness and is now 


6.16 p.m. 

The King bore the operation remarkably well. Dr. 
Treves operated. The King recovered consciousness 
directly after the operation and asked for the Prince 
of Wales. 

Lord Salisbury announced that the operation was 
singular, but not essentially grave, and that Dr. 
Treves had performed seventy operations of the 
kind with success, which left every prospect of a 
prosperous issue, but all must hope and pray. 

At first the people refused to believe the news. 

Consols fell one point. Stock markets have weak- 
ened. Intense anxiety and excitement prevail. 

It is rumoured that a special Service of Intercession 
will be held at Westminster Abbey on Thursday 

The news of the King's illness came like a 
thunderclap to the general public. 

The Bishop of London made the first announce- 
ment at the rehearsal at Westminster Abbey this 
morning, asking those present to join in the Litany 
and pray for the recovery of the King. 

The news travelled like wildfire along the densely 
crowded streets. 

London, June 24. 

The King returned to Windsor from London 
looking pale and tired, and leaned heavily on his 
stick when walking. 

Despite the disquieting rumours concerning the 
King's ill-health, all London is en fete and crowds 
are constantly parading the streets. The Rt. Hon. 
Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Premier of Canada, has arrived, 
accompanied by his staff. Many prominent Ameri- 

cans are present, most of whom have secured houses 
or windows along the route of the Coronation pro- 
cession. Rates at the various hotels have been 
doubled and trebled in the last few days and crowds 
are still entering London by l and and sea. The , 
troops comprising t he Coronation contingent have ! «Otw : 


The following is a table of the temperature 
at Shoji during last week, taken at the Shoji 

suffered to some extent owing to the inclemency of 
the weather, but to-day's sunshine has . improved 
their condition and spirits wonderfully. The repair- 
ing of Westminster Abbey was completed yesterday 
and everything is in readiness for the great event. 

Lor.don, June 26. 
The last bulletin posted states that the King has 
improved in all respects. His condition at present is 
quite favourable. All London is showing itsjoyful- 
ness at the good news of the latest bulletin. The 
country towns have gone on with the illuminations, 
free dinners, etc., but the coronation " Masques" are 
not to be produced. The foreign delegations have 
been most sincere in their expressions of sympathy 
and condolence. The weather is most favourable ; 
universal regret is felt that the ceremonies could not 
have gone on. Dr. Treves is in constant attendance 
and every one expresses satisfaction at the treat- 
ment the Royal patient has received at his hands. 

The Duke of Connaught visited Buckingham 
Palace early this morning. When he left the King's 
condition was most satisfactory and his temperature 
and pulse were normal. 

President Roosevelt's was one of the first messages 
of condolence received after the new s of the King's 
serious illness was announced. Immediately follow- 
ing were those of the Emperor of Germany and Pre- 
sident Loubet. The Mikado's message was a model 
of brief and sympathetic courtesy. 

Few, if any, ot the large multitudes assembled for 
the Coronation are as yet leaving. 

The Lancet and the British Medical Journal pub- 
lish a clinical history of His Majesty the King's ill- 
ness. Both give a hopeful view of it, and ask the 
public to discredit all the wild rumours that have 
been circulated. The Bulletins are absolutely sin- 
cere, and the King is suffering from perityphlitis and 
nothing else. The first symptoms showed them- 
selves on Friday, 13th instant. 

The Archbishops and Bishops request the use of 
the Second Collect contained in the " Office for the 
Visitation of the Sick " in public and private prayers 
during the illness of the King. 

The Foreign correspondents of the newspapers 
testify that the sorrow and anxiety are almost as 
great abroad as at home. 

The honours list has been issued and is generally 
approved of. 

The new Order of Merit, it is thought, supplies a 
long felt want. 

Temp. Air. Temp. 
Date. Max. Min. Lake. Weather. 

Sunday 66°. . . 56°. . .69°. . .Fine. 

Monday 64 0 . . . 58 0 . . .69°. . .Fine. 

Tuesday 7i°...6o 0 ...69°...Finc. 

Wednesday .. .72°. . .62°. . .70°. . .Fine. 

Thursday 69°...6o°...70°...Fine. 

Friday 69°...6i°...7i°...Fine. 

Saturday 64 0 . . . 59 0 . . .7 1 °. . . Rain. 

Kcmarks in 

Rain at 4.00 

Rain all night. 





Kroin Line. 

Europe N. D. Lloyd 

America P. M. Cn. 

Canada C. P. R. Co. 

Tacoma, Wash. ... N. P. Co. 

America O. & O. Co. 

Hongkong (). & (). Co 

Hongkong N. P. Co. 

America T. K. K. 

Seattle, Wash N. Y. K. 

Canada, &c C. P. B . Cr, 

Hongkong T. K. K. 

Hongkong C. P. K. Cc. 

Hongkong P. M. Co. 

Snchsen r 
City of Peking 2 
Athenian 3 
Duke of Fife 4 
Gaelic 5 
H'kong Man. 6 
Kagn Maru 7 
V.m. of China 
America Maru 
Km. of Japan 
City of Peking 











J»iy 5 

July 5 
July 8 
July 9 
July 1 1 
July 12 
July 14 
July 17 
July r3 
July at 
July, I 
July 24 
July 28 

1 Left Nagasaki on the 2nd inst. 

2 Left San Francisco 011 the iOth ult. 

3 Left Vancouver on the 23rd ult. 

4 Left Tacoma, Wash, on the 2cth uh. 

5 Left San Francisco cn the 21st nil. 

6 Left San Francisco on the 28th ult. 

7 Left Seattle, Wash, on the 1st inst. 

Canada, &c. 
America ... 

NEXT MA 1 1 

.. C. P. R.Co. 
... P.M. Co. 

Hongkong P. M. Co. 

Hongkong C. P. R. Co. 

Hongkong N. P. Co. 

Shanghai N. Y. K. 

Europe N. D. Lloyd 

Europe, &c ' N. Y. K. 

Hongkong O. & O. Co. 

Tacoma, Wash. ... N. P. Co. 

Seattle, Wash N. Y. K.. 

America O. & O. Co. 

Australia N. V. K. 

Hongkong T. K. K. 

Hongkong C. P. K. Co. 

America T. K. K. 


Km. of India 

City of Peking 
Duke of Fife 
Ilakuai Mai u 
Kawachi Maru 
Kinshiu Maru 

Yawata Maru 
1 1 'kong Maru 
Km. of China 
America Maru 

F. July 
Sa. July 
Su. July 
Tu. Juiy 8 
W. July 9 
Th. July 10 
Sa. July 12 
Sa. July 12 
Sa. July 
Tu. July 15 
Tu. July 15 
Tu July 16 
F. July i3 
Sa. July 19 
M. July 21 
W. July a j 

Bencleuch, British steamer, 2,679, A. W. S. Thomson, 
26th June, — London via ports, General. — Comes 
& Co. 

Atholl, British steamer, 3,031, Ed. Porter, 27th June, 
— Liverpool via ports, General. — Dodwell & Co., 

Zvir, Austrian steamer, 2,103, G. Randish, 27th June, 
— New York via Suez Canal, Kerosene Oil — 
SuvncLud Oil Co. 

Kobe Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,645, R» Swain, 27th 
June, — Shanghai via ports, Mails and General. — 
Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Wakanoina Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,556, K. No- 
beta, 27th June, — Otaru, General. — Nippon Yusen 

Yeijio Man/, Japanese steamer, 1,538, Kuwahara, 
27th June, — Hakodate General. — Nippon Yusen 

Marco Polo (16 guns), Italian cruiser, 4,583, Captain 

Paolo Botti, 28th June, — Kobe. 
Silesia, German steamer, 3,138, Bahle, 29th June, — 

Hamburg via ports, and Kobe, 27th June, General. 

• — C. lilies & Co. 
Shinagawa Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,001, M. Ni- 

shihara, 29th June, — Yokkaichi, General. — Nippon 

Yusen Kaisha. 
Matsuyaina Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,959, De La 

Lande, 29th June, — Kobe, General. — Nippon Yu- 
sen Kaisha. 

Hiroshima Maru, Japanese steamer 2,035, T. Murai, 
29th June, — Bombay via ports, Mails and Gene- 
ral. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

No. go, German Torpedo Destroyer, 400, 400, Capt. 
van Muffling, 29th June, — Kobe. 

lyo Maru, Japanese steamer, 3,981, S. J. G. Parsons, 
29th June, — Hongkong via ports, Kobe, 28th June, 
Mails and General. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Hokkai Maru, Japanese steamer, 437, I. Shimidzu, 
29th June, — Yokkaichi, General. — Nippon Yusen 

Sarpedon, British steamer, 3,022, Grier, 30th June, — 

Liverpool via ports, General. — Butterfield & Swire. 
Empress of Japan, British steamer, 3,003, H. Pybus, 

30th June, — Vancouver B.C., 16th June, Mails and 

General.— C. P. R. Co. 
Idomencus, British steamer, 4,298, James Riley, 30th 

June, — Liverpool via ports, General. — Butterfield 

& Swire. 

Fuest Bhmark (36 guns), German cruiser, 10,650, 
Capt. Friedrich, 30th June, — Kiautschou. 

Saikio Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,653, C. Young, 
30th June, — Nagasaki, Ballast. — Nippon Yusen 

Bingo Maru, Japanese steamer, 3,870, F. Davies, 

30th June, — London via ports, ajid Kobe, 29th 

June, General. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
SakurO. Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,831, T. Harrison, 

30th June, — Otaru via ports, General. — Nippon 

Yusen Kaisha. 
Maria Theresa (30 guns), Austrian cruiser, 5,270, 

Captain Hans, 30th June, — Kobe. 
Tartar, British steamer, 2,768, F. Beetham, 1st 

July,— Hongkong via ports, Mails and General. 

— C. P. R. Co. 
Akcr, Norwegian steamer, 1,899, E - Wettergreen, 

1st July, — Chris'mas Islands, 13th June, Phosphate 

Rock.— Dodwell & Co., Ltd. 
Oopmck, British steamer, 2,517, J. Barber, 1st July, 

— Liverpool via ports, General. — W. M. Strachan 


Hiogo Maru, Japanese steamer, 882, S. KawamurOj 
1st July, — Hakodate, General. — Nippon Yusen 

Oivari Maru, Japanese steamer, 656, K. Higo, 1st 

July, — Hakodate, General. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
Asahi Kan (50 guns), Japanese battleship, 15,445, 

Captain M. Hashimoto, 1st July, — Yokosuka. 
Sevastopol (16 guns), Russian battleship, 10,960, 

Captain Flodossieff, 2nd July, — Kobe, 1st July. 
Ambria, German steamer, 3,526, Ehlers, 2nd July, — 

Hamburg via ports, and Kobe, 30th June, General. 

— C. lilies & Co. 

1 8 WffiU-aWH J) n a l3IMMMf 

[July 5, 1902. 

Tosa Mam, Japanese steamer, 3,592, A. Christiansen, 
2nd July, — Seattle, Wash., and Victoria, B.C., iSth 
June, Mails and General. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Tens/tin Muni, Japanese steamer, 1,706, T. Tibballs, 
2nd July — Kobe, 30th June, General. — Nippon Yu- 
sen Kaisha. 


Verona, German steamer, 3,038, Spiesen, 27th June, 
— New York via ports, General. — C. lilies & Co. 

Radnorshire, British steamer, 1 ,889, K. C. Bindloss, 
27th June,— New York via ports, General. — Sa- 
muel Samuel & Co. 

Indrasani/ia, British steamer, 3,367, Craven, 27th 
June, — Portland, Ore., General. — Samuel Samuel 
& Co. 

Vrinz Heinrich, German steamer, 3,902, R. lleinze, 
28th June, — Bremen and Hamburg via ports, Mails 
and General. — H. Ahrens & Co., Nachf, 

Nippon Man/, Japanese steamer, 3,072, W. W. 
Greene, 28th June, — San Francisco via Honolulu, 
Mails and General. — Toyo Kisen Kaisha. 

Sado Man/ , Japanese steamer, 3,856, W. Thompson, 
28th June, — London via ports, Mails and General. 
— Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Cressv (14 guns), British cruiser, 12,000, Capt. H. M. 
Tudor, 28th June, — Wei-hai-wei. 

Lpmbdrdi {to guns), Italian cruiser, 2,900, Captain 

John H.ict, 1X1I1 June, IO,ho. 

Yaniqguclli Man/, Japanese steamer, 2,038, S. 
Muramatsu, 28th June, — Otaru via ports, General. 
— Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Wakanourd Mat it, Japanese steamer, 1,556, K. No- 
beta, 29th June, — Kobe via Yokkaichi, General. — 
Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Yeijo Man/, Japanese steamer, 1,538, Kuwahara, 
29th June, — Kobe, General. — Nippon Yusen Kai- 

Shittagawa Man/, Japanese steamer, 1,001, M. Ni- 
shihara, 30th June, — Yokkaichi, General. — Nippon 
Yusen Kaisha. 

Shilling, Capt. G. Duff, Mr. S. 1). Hltchins, Mr. E. 
I R. Halifax, Miss J. I.ongstrcct, Mr. Plumb, Miss 
i Plurnb, Mr. L Storm, and Capt. Jennings, in cabin ; 
94 Chinese, and 87 Japanese, in steerage. 

Per Japanese steamer Tssa Man/, from Seattle, 
Wash.; — Mr. and Mrs. H. Takcda, in cabin; 2 
Japanese, in steerage. In Transit: — Mrs. F. Bcch, 
and Mrs. J. H. Brown, in cabin ; 13 Japanese, I 
European, and 3 Chinese, in steerage. 


Per German steamer ffins Heinrich, for Europe 
via ports:— Mrs. Judaic, Mr. J. F. Vernet, Mr. Th. 
Krah, Miss Thomson, Mr. A. Tisdall, Baron and 
Baroness von Carnap, Mr. Edw. B. Raymond, Mr. 
E. C. Howard. Mrs. M. McClcan, Rev. Nichols, Mrs. 
Nichols, Miss Louise Mayer, Mr. II. M. Gri'mberg. 
Mr. W. Shengue, and Mr. and Mrs. C. Fink and 
child in cabin. 

Koi/n Man/, Japanese steamer, 1,783, Y. Minami- 
kavva, 30th June, — Hakodate, General. — Nippon 
Yusen Kaisha. 

Sakata Mam, Japanese steamer, 1,369, S. Yama- 
moto, 30th June, — Otaru via ports, General. — Nip- 
pon Yusen Kaisha. 

Empress oj Japan, British steamer, 3,003, H. Pybus, 
30th June, — Hongkong via ports 
ral.— C. P. R. Co. 

Iyo Man/, Japanese steamer, 3,918 

Mails and Gene 

S. J. G 

1st July, — Seattle, Wash., via Victoria, B.C., Mails 
and General. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
Tartar, British steamer, 2,76s, E. Beelham, 1st July, 
— Vancouver B.C., Mails and General. — C. P. R. i 

Matsuyama Mam, Japanese steamer, 1,959, De La' 

Lancle, 1st July, — Otaru via ports, General. — 

Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
Aker, Norwegian steamer, 1,899, E. Wettergreen, 2nd 

fuly, — Kobe, Phosphate Rock. — Dodwell & Co., 


Sakttra Mam, Japanese steamer, 1,831, J. Harrison, 
2nd July, — Kobe, General. — Nippon Yusen Kai- 



Per Japanese steamer Kobe Man/, from Shanghai 
via ports : — Mr. John Griffin, Mr. George Potts, Mr. 
and Mrs. H. Phillip and child, Mrs. T. W. Mdlraith 
and child, Mr. R. Nambu, Mr. Higginbotham, Mr. 
McCaulay, and 2 Chinese, in cabin ; Mrs. Kobayashi, 
Mr. Yamazaki, Mr. Numakami, and Mr. Hirai, in 
second class ; 26 Japanese, and 26 Chinese in steer- 

Per Japanese Steamer lyo Mary, from Hongkong 
via porls: — Mr. Smith, Mr. Jno. Macgrcgor, Miss 
M. Melhuish and amah. For Seattle; — Mr. and 

Per Japanese steamer Nippon Man/, for San 
Francisco via Honolulu: — Mr. W. M. Abcrnalhy, 
Mrs. W. M. Abernathy, Miss Abernathy, Mr. K. 
Ando, Mr. Ernst Baumann, Mr. C. H. Baum, Mr. J. 
H. Beach, Mrs. E. Bocttcher, Miss Boettcher, Mrs. 
H. E. Bostwick and maid, Mr. Robert L. Boutillier, 
Mrs. R, L. Boutillier, Mastei Henrj Boutillier, Master 
ChtlS. Boutillier, Mr. J. K. Brown, Jr., Mr. R. C. 
Brown, Miss Daisy Byrne, Mrs. N. Crable-Pasteur, 
Dr. W. W. Dane), Mr. Dempster, Mrs. Dempster, 
Miss Dempster. Mr. F. B. Hamersley, Mr. A. W. 
Hastings, Mr. T. Homer, Mrs. J. Hopkins, Mrs. B. 
L. Hunt, Mr. II. C. Hunt, Mr. IS. H. Huntington, 
Mr. I. Kamo, Mr. H. Kennedy, Mr. S. Kennedy, 
Mr. M. Kranz, Mrs. M. V. Lawrence, Miss C. V, 
Lawrence, Mr. L. Lecacheux, Mrs. L. Lecachcux. 
Mr. |as. Lilburn, Miss Mabel McClean, Miss Mc- 
Murlrie. Mr. S. Morimoto, Mr. S. M. Morris, Mr. F. 
O. Moule, Mr. B. Muller, Mr. M. Muraki, Miss JUIcn 
C. Parsons, Lieut. Postnikoff, Mr. I. Prager, Mrs. I. 
Prager, Rev. R. L. Pructt, Mrs. R. L. Pruett and two 
children, Mrs. W. C. Russell, Miss Scharff, Dr. Fritz 
Schick, Mr. Gustavo Schick, Mr. Geo. W. Tewks- 
bury, Mr. Geo. Weir, Mr. Geo. Williams, and Mi. 
A. L. Young, in cabin. 

Per Japanese steamer Sado Man/, for London via 
ports :— Mrs. M. Yamada, Mr. S. Yamada, Mr. K. 
Iwakami, Mrs. K. Tsukudo, Mr. S. Takano, Com. 
0, Ito, Lieut. S. Maruyama, Lieut. J. Tsukudo, Lieut. 
Com. K. Kawara, Lieut. S. Furukawa, and Engineer 
I K. Kimtira, in cabin ; Mr. H. Kurorla, Mr. M, 1 la- 
Parsons, yashi, Mr. M. Kato, Mr. Rush McCargan, Mr. W. 

Lchrle, and Mr. C. Murakami, in second class; 16, 
in steerage. 

Per British steamer Tartar, for Vancouver, B.C.: 
—Capt. W. N. Goalen, R N., Mrs. W. N. Goalen, 
Miss I. Longstrcet, Mr. R. Roy, Mr. Lorenz Storm, 
and Miss Lilian While, in cabin. 



In Yarns there has been a speculative demand at 
improving rates but still yen 20 per bale below re- 
placing cost. Both in White and Grey Shirtings, 
there has been some business. There is nothing to re- 
port in connection with Fancy Cottons and Woollens. 



GreyShirting— 8 J^to, 38^2 yds. 39 inches Y.2.85 to 3.60 
Grey Shirting — 9th, 38 !^ yds, 45 inches. 28.0 to 4.00 
Indigo Shirtings — 24 yards, 14 inches... 
Prints — Assorted, 24 yards, 30 inches ... 
Cotton — Italians and Satteens, Black, 32 

2 -50 to 3.35 
3.00 to 5.00 


0.20 to 0.30 


Flannels Y 

Italian Cloth, }2 in 

Mrs. A. A. Young and child, Mr. and Mrs. Knoir j.Mousscline de Laine,— Crape, 24 yards, 


ter YARD. 

.0.35 to 0.50 
0.30 to 0.45 

and infant. For Portland : — Mr. O. Middleton, 

London : — Colonel R. C. G. Mayne, Miss E. Mayne, 
Miss E. M. Mayne, Major j. O. Manne, Mrs. 
Mackenzie, Miss Homan, Mr. and Mrs. Eckford 
and Misses Eckford and maid, in cabin. Miss Y. 
Okada. For Seattle:— Mr. F. Davidson, Mrs. J. 
Duncan and Mr. Kant, in second class. Yokohama 
5, Victoria 68, and Seattle 67, in steerage. 

Per British steamer Empress of Japan, from Van- 
couver, B.C. : — Mr. J. W. Bandow, Mr. John Bevan, 
Mrs. Bevan, Miss Bevan, Mr. Leon Brock, Mrs. 
Brock, Miss Briggs, Mr. A. L. Bindloss, Mrs. Colton, 
Dr. Judson Daland, Mr. J I. A. C. Emery, Mr. John 
S. Evans, Mrs. Evafts, Mr. J. G. Gow, Mr. R. 
Grundy, Mr. H. W. Hall, Mr. W. C. Holt, Mr. Kenji 
Idc, Mr. F. S. Jones, Mr. F. S. Kelly, Mr. A. Lewis, 
Mr. Yozo Nonuira, Miss Oliver, Mr. J. B. Pierce, 
Mrs. Pierce, Lieut. Shinohata, I.J.N., Miss L. Sey- 
mour, Mr. B. Suzuki, Capt; Trowbridge and valet, 
and Mr. W. C.Tyler, in cabin ; 5, intermediate ; 103, 
in steerage. 

Per British steamer Tartar, from Hongkong via 
ports:— Mr. A. G. Halifax, Lieut. -Col. Mawson, 
Miss L. White, Mr. A. E. Watson. Mr. and Mis. 

30 inches 

Cloths — -Pilots, 54 @ 56 inches 

Cloths — Presidents, 51 (a) 65 inches ... 

Cloths — Union, 54 @ 56 inches 

Blankets — Scarlet ami Green, 3 to 51b 
per lb. ... Vi;. 

Velvets — Black, 35 yards, 22 inches 
Vicloria Lawns, 12 yards, 42-3 inches... 
Turkey Reds — 2.8 to 3.0 lb 24-25 yards, 

30 inches 

Turkey Reds — 3.8 to 5II), 24-25 yards, 

32 inches _ 


Nos. 16/24, Singles V. 

Nos. 28/32, Singles 

Nos. 38/42, Singles 

Nos. 32, Doubles 

Nos. 42, Doubles 

Nos. 2/60, Plain 

Nos. 2/80, Plain 

Nos. 2/100, Plain 

Nos. 2, 60, Gassed 

Nos. 2/80, Gassed 

Nos. 2/joo, Gassed 

0.16 to 0.33 
0.50 to 0.95 
0.90 to 1. 00 
0.60 to 1. 00 

0.60 to 0.66 


9.50 to 12.00 
0.90 to 1.80 

I.90 to 2.25 

2.50 to 3.50 


1 35-00 to I45.OO 
145.00 to 155.00 
I 50.00 to 160.00 
I 50.00 to 160.00 
165.00 to 170.00 
2 35.00 to 255.00 
285.00 lo 305.OO 
400.00 lo 4JO.00 


American Middling 

Indian Broach 

Chinese .., . , 

29.00 to 30.00 
24.00 to 25.00 


There has been a fair business in Galvanized Iron 
Sheets ; other Metals are inactive. 

per piei'i.. 

Round and square inch and upward 

Iron Plates, assorted 

Sheet Iron 

Galvanised Iron sheets 

Wire Nails, assorted 

Tin Plates, per box 

I'ig Iron, No. 3 

Hoop Iron (SjJ lo 1 inch) 

No change to report. 





The market is quiet and there is no change in 


Brown Takao 

Brown Manila 

Brown Daitong... , 

Brown Canton 

White Java and Penang 

While Refined . 

Y.4.30 to 4.60 

4.80 to 5.20 

5.30 to 6.70 

10.25 lo I i-oo 

6.70 to 7.10 

7.80 to 8.30 

2.00 lo 2.50 

5.10 lo 5.60 


ran ncur.. 
.Y.4.90 to 5.50 
. 5.10 to 6.IO 
. 4.30 to 6.50 
6.00 to 6.60 
. 6.00 lo 6.80 
. 8.70 to 10. 10 


The market for new silk has opened, a few very 
small purchases having been made on the basis of 
quotation^, which are now, of course, for new silk. 
Demand is not active, markets on the other side 
being very dull. Probably the month will be well 
advanced before there is any large business. Mean- 
time the best reports say that the amount of the crop 
in Japan will be about equal to last year. But the 
shortage in North China is now assured, and that 
will probably maintain prices here on a somewhat 
higher basis than those of last season. 


Filatures — Extra, Fine 

Filatures — Extra, Coarse 

Filatures — No. I, Fine 

Filatures — No. I, Coarse 

Filatures — No. 1^, Fine 

Filatures — No. Coarse 

Filatures — No. 2, Fine 

Filatures — No. 2, Coarse 

Common — Coarse 

Re-rcels — Extra 

Re-reels — No. I 

Re-reels — No. 1 j£ 

Re-reels — No. 2 

Re-reels — No. 3 

Kakedas — Extra 

Kakedas — No. I 

Kakedas — No. ll£ 

Kakedas — l\o. 2 

Kakedas — No. 2 '4 

940 to 950 
940 lo 950 

900 lo 910 


We are still between seasons, and no new fibre is 
as yet upon the market. 


Noshi — Filatures, Best 

Noshi — Filatures, Good 

Noshi — Oshiu, Best 

Noshi — Oshiu, Good 

Noshi — Oshiu, Medium 

Noshi — Shinshiu, Best 

Noshi — Shinshiu, Good 

Noshi — Bushiu, Best 

Noshi — Bushiu, Good 

Noshi — Bushiu, Medium 

Noshi — Joshiu,Best 

Noshi — Josh iu, Good 

Kibiso — Filatures, Best 

Kibiso — Filatures, Second 

Kibiso — [oshiu, Good 

Kibiso — Busbu, Fair 


Settlements from June 14th to the 30th amount to 
about 2o,So6 piculs against 9,777 piculs for the same 
period last year. Second crop leaf is now arriv ing 
and is of fair quality, but asking prices rule as high 
as were those of first crop. Settlements for the 
season to June 30th were 94,864 piculs against 
109,839 piculs last year. 






( rood Medium. . 


< Sootl ( lommoii 

46 iS: upwards 

... 43t°45 

... 41 lo 42 

.. 38 lo 40 

•• 341037 

•■ 31 »<J 33 

.. 28 to iO 

July 5, 1902.] 



Yokohama, July 2. 
London silver ^ lower, and Hongkong sterling 
quotations T ' s lower have caused local rates on China 
to rule firmer. 

London— Bank T.T 2/0^ 

— — Bills on demand 2 /°r 9 « 

— — 4 months' sight 2 / c 'H 

— Private 4 months' sight 2/1 

— — 6 months' sight 2 : l }i 

Paris & Lyons — Bank sight 257 

- Private 4 months' sight 263 

— — 6 months' sight 264 

Hongkong — Bank sight l5°/ 0 dis.* 

— Private 10 days' sight l7°/ 0 dis.* 

Shanghai — Bank sight 87* 

— Private 10 days' sight 89* 

India — Bank sight 153 

— Private 30 days' sight l5°/£ 

America — Bank sight 49j4t 

— Private 30 days' sight 5°!^ 

— Private 4 months' sight 

Germany — Bank sight 209 

— Private 4 months' sight 214 

Bar Silver (London) 2 4ni 

* Nominal. 

Authorized Broker of Tokio Stock Exchange. 
Shake and Stock Broker: Official Closing 
Quotations of Tokyo Stock Exchange. 

Yokohama, July 2. 









Aug. Sept. 


74 00 

Nippon Railway. .. 

22 8j 

Nippon Kail., 3rd . 

22. 7j 

55. ?o 

Sanyo Railway ... 


Itansai Railway ... 


42.70 — 


tCitishin Railway.. 

57.- 0 


Tanko Railway ... 

78.10 — 

'J anko Rail., new. 

Tobu Railway 

Navita Railway ... 

Narita Rail., new. 

20 85 

Kioto Railway 

Kokuyetsu Kail.... 

Hankaku Railway 

1 12.70 

Tokyo Elcinc Ra. 


112.90 — 


56. CO 

Tokyo Kl. R new 

55 4^ 

56.20 — 

Kei-hin fcilec. Car. 

77 10 

77 ?<> 

Nippon Yusen 

77. CO 

77.80 — 



2?.2 S 

18.50 — 

Osaka Shosen 


Teikoku Slmgio l'»k. 

Tokio b ire Ins. ... 


Co. 60 — 

5 y 80 

Toki" (ias Co new 

Tokio K\ ;c. Light. 

S1 -5° — 

Tokio Klc. Li. new 

Kanc^ahiclii Sfng 

Nipp n Sugar Refill. 
Yebutu Beer 

Yclji mi liter, new. 

Tokyo Kice Kx. ... 

128 40 

1 jo. 30 

Tokyo Stock luc. . 

1 30. CO — 

Con Ml 

Italian Bureau : Yokohama. 


S7, Main Street. Telephone 

No. 888. 

Teleplio) e is o 16 . 
Kice, Stock and Share Urokers. 
No. 76, Main Sirli-.t. 
Okmciai. Ciosing (,>i (>i a i ions of Tokyo Rjce and 


Yokohama, 2. 




August. Sep! 


... 13^.15 . 

'35- 6 ° 

1 36.00 

... I35' 6 ° • 



3rd Meeting .. 

••• '35-35 ■ 

'35 '5 

135 40 

4th Meeting ... 

... 135.00 . 


... 135.05 . 




July. August. September. 

1st Meeting i34&° 1 34.25 1 34.5 5 

2nd Meeting 134 90 '34-75 1 35 . 1 5 

3rd Meeting '35- 2 ° '34-9° 135.5 J 

4th Meeting 135-70 135 70 136.10 



28. 10 

75 00 
T12 70 


1*840 130. )0 

Nippon Railway.,. 

Sanyo Railway ... — 

'1 ; nko Railway ... — 

Tokio Electric Ra. 111.70 

Nippon Ynsen 77<» 

Toyo Kisen 28.25 

KanegafuoM Sf/ng — 

Tokio Stock Ex — 

July. Aug. Sept 

75.10 — 

112.90 — 

77.80 - 

28.50 — 

130.20 — 

We represent reliable Broker'; of the Exchanges. Rona-fide 
member* of the Tokyo Kice uirt St' ck Exchanges, whose standinz 
can be obtained from the Hank of japan Orders for purchases ai d 
sales in ahov* Exchange will be promptly attended to. All parti- 
culars can be had upon application. 

Yokohama, July 2. 

Shanghai wires us as follows : — Farnhams 260 B., Indo-Chinas 80 Sa., Lands 122 Sa., Sumatras 47 y£ 
Sa., Kai pings 9.60 15., Wharves 295 Sa. Grand Hotels, buyers ityen 250 per share. Yokohama Engine and 
Iron Works, sales at yen 117. Kirin Breweries are offering at yen 165. Club Hotels, sellers at yen 65 
Langfeldts, sellers at yen 72.50. Helm Bros., sellers at yen 45. All debenture stock'; are wanted 
tions. • 


No. of 

1. Y'hama E. & Iron Works, Ltd. 2,600 

2. Japan Brewery Company, Ltd.! 9,000 

3. Grand Hotel, Limited ' 2,500 

4. Club Hotel, Limited ! 1,850 

5. Oriental Hotel, Limited 740 

do do Founders j 80 

do do Preference j 750 

6. Nagasaki Hotel, Limited 1 1,300 

7. North & Rae, Limited 250 

8. Brett & Co.. Limited 2,800 

9. Langfeldt & Co., Limited ! 1,500 

10. Y'hama Steam Laundry, Ltd. .! 700 

11. Helm Bros., Limited I 3,720 




100 i 





or 0 / 





At Working ac- 
count in last ac- 
counts issued. 

For term 


R've 50,000.00 

4>35 2 -53 
Dr. 372.27 
B'nce to R'rve ac, 








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(The §mm ¥t ccltlii 


No. 2. 


YOKOHAMA, JULY , 2 th, 1902. g^^SS [Vol. XXXVII 


Summary of News 

Prince Boris in Japan 

Chinese News 


Entertainment to Mr. Wu 

Prince Ching and Mr. Wn 

The Tokyo Gas Company 

Suicide of Major Kajikawa 

The Propaganda Question 

The Middle School of Oita 

Naval Increment 

foreign Trade 

The Sovereians of Europe 

Military service 


Count Itagaki 

The Siusho Isan 


A Rumour 

America and the House Tax 

The School Troubles 

Notes on Current Events 

The Question of the Northern Railway 


Leading Article :— The Blundering Phrase 

Death of Mr. E. C. Sw an 

Commonwealth or Republic? 

Monthly Summary of the Religious Press 

The Kcnrth of July 

The Bookshelf 

Miss Hughes on the Teaching ol the English Language 

The Teaching of English in japan 


Copper Production of the World 

Fourth of July at Sea 

Law Cases 

Commercial News 

News of the Week 

American Topics 

Silk Association of America 

Correspondence : — 

Bel'eville Boilers 

Information for the " Dojin-kai " 

Cholera in Sa^a Ken ... 

Mr. Chamberlain cn Fiscal Policy 

The Wreck of the "' Kumagawa Main " 

The Blowing up of a Chinese Cruiser 

Export of Raw Silk 


Latest Shipping 

Latest Commercial 

.. 46 


No notice will be taken of anonymous correspondence- 
What is intended for insertion in the "JAPAN WEEKLY 
Mail," must be authenticated by the name and address 
of the writer, not for publication, but as a guarantee of 
good faith. 

It is particularly requested that all letters on business 
be addressed to the Manager, and Cheques be made 
payable to same ; and that literary contributions be 
addressed to the Editor. 

Yokohama: Saturday, July 12-m, 1902. 

At the General Hospital, on Wednesday, the 
9th inst., at 9.15 p.m., Earle C Swan, aged 25 
years. A native of California, U.S.A. 


King Edward is steadily improving and the 
Coronation will probably take place in August. 

A goods train was upset at Obasute Station, 
on the Shinonoi line, on the night of July 6th. 
Happily no one was injured. 

The British cruiser Perseus has captured a 
dhow with a quantity of arms and munitions of 
war for the Mad Mullah. 

I>ORi) Stanley, in the House of Commons, said 
that 14,398 soldiers have been pensioned as 
medically unfit in consequence of the war. 

On the night of the :st inst. a robber entered 
the house of Mr. Gauntlett, of theOkayama High 
School, and carried off a quantity of Japanese and 
foreign clothing. 

Sir Hector MacDonald has been gazetted to 
the command of the troops in Ceylon ; and lias 
been promoted Brigadier with the temporary rank 
of Major-General. 

Kawa-ai EfJIftO, a second class soldier belonging 
to the Fourth Regiment of Cavalry, Osaka, was 
sentenced by the Osaka Court-martial to im- 

prisonment for life on account of having murder- 
ed two women in that city. The crime was 
committed in the spring of this year. 

During the 34th fiscal year (1901-2) 24,160 
cases of raw silk were exported by the Mitsui 
Bussan, Doshin Kaisha, Hara Gomei Kasha and 
Kiito Gomei Kaisha in Yokohama. 

On July 2nd a passenger train was derailed at 
Tennoji Station on the Kansai Railway and five 
persons sustained injuries. The accident was due 
to a mistake on the part of the driver. 

grogshops in Nagasaki 
a rule which is to be en- 

The windows of the 
are to be made opaque- 
forced by the police. Tin's, remarks the Nagasaki 
paper, is a step in the right direction. 

The Hunan S.S. Company's shares having been 
fully subscribed for, the company will call on its 
shareholders to pay % of the face value of their 
holdings from July 25th to July 31st. 

Mr. Stephen Liirman has been appointed 
Mexican Consul at Yokohama. He took up his 
new duties on June 30th. The new Consul is 
also entrusted with the consular business of Kobe. 

In consequence of the collapse of No. 3 tunnel 
between Zushi and Yokosuka railway traffic on 
that section was interrupted for hours of July 
8th. Traffic was resumed late in the afternoon. 

Mr. Yakawa Moto-omi, Secretary of the Com- 
munications Department, has been ordered to 
represent Japan at the International Marine Con- 
vention to be opened in Hamburg, in September 
this year. 

During a heavy squall which visited Yokohama 
about 5 p.m. on Monday, the German mail 
steamer Saclisen parted her stern lines and swung 
round on the pier, where she was berthed. No 
damage was done. 

The steamer Hokoku Marti was successfully 
raised on July 4th at high tide. The vessel, after 
undergoing official inspection at Shimonoseki. 
left the latter port for Kobe the following day, 
The loss is estimated at over yen 2,000. 

The Formosan Government contemplate erect- 
ing in Formosa a wireless telegraph apparatus to 
communicate with the opposite shore of China. 
Experiments are now being made under the 
direction of the Formosan Communications 

As a consequence of the Card Taxation Law, 
which has just come into force more than 130 card 
manufacturers and dealers in Nagasaki have 
lodged applications for the suspension of their 
business. They have decided to ship all goods 
jn stock abroad. 

A REPORT from Mr. Takahira, Japanese Minister 
in Washington, received by the Foreign Office, 
says that the President of the Louisiana Purchase 
Exposition has issued a notice that the Exposition 
will open on May 1st, 1904, and remain open 
until December 1st. 

Its length is said to exceed 15,246 

News from Shizuoka says that during target 
practice by the Third Regiment, on July 8th, at 
Mihono-matsubara a soldier was accidentally 
struck in the breast by a bullet. Death was 
instantaneous. Another soldier was injured 
I slightly on this occasion. 

[A cki.ehrai ion will take place at Hachioji 
1 under the auspices of the Railway Bureau, on 
I July 19th in honour of the completion of the 
Sasago tunnel, on the Central Railway running 
between Hachioji and Nagoya. The work was 
started on December, 1895 and finished on fuly 

6th this year, 

His Excellency Mr. Isvolsky, Russian Minister 
in Tokyo, entertained Prince Boris Vladimir and 
his staff at the Russian Legation on the afternoon 
of July 9th. Among the invites were the Russian 
Consul-General from Yokohama, officials of the 
Foreign Office and the Treasury and many others. 

It is reported that an arrangement has been 
effected between the Korean Government and 
the Mitsui Bussan Kaisha, whereby the latter has 
agreed to act as agent of the peninsular author- 
ities in the matter of exhibiting Korean products 
at the coming Domestic Exhibition at Osaka. 

The frequency of British torpedo-boat-destroyer 
and torpedo-boat collisions and other accidents 
was emphasized on June 7 th in a reply of the 
Admiralty, through Mr. Arnold-Forster, to a 
question in the House of Commons, showing that 
there were no less than 110 such occurrences in 
1900 and 1 90 1. — 

Twelve non-commissioned officers and men of the 
145th French Infantry, in garrison at Montmedy, 
have just performed the remarkable feat of march- 
ing 85^ miles in 26^ hours, or about 3^ miles 
an hour, over one of the most difficult routes in 
Fiance. Lieut. Frevet was in command. The 
Gaulois adds that the battalion, with band at 
head, met the men on their return. 

About half-past 2 p.m. on July 6th Tetsu, 
maid-servant in the service of a foreign resident 
at Negishi, Yokohama, while walking along 
Inarino-mori near Negishi, was suddenly seized 
by a man who had wrapped up his face in a 
handkerchief. By threats, the man took from her 
a purse containing five yen and then fled. The 
matter was at once reported to the police but the 
man has not yet been arrested. 

An Osaka report says that the steamer Kinai 
Mara (2,015 tons) belonging to Mr. Kato Tomi- 
jiro of Osaka, while on her way from Moji to 
Tokyo, ran aground near the Iwaya light-house 
in Awaji province on the night of July 1st but 
fortunately sustained no damage. Attempts are 
being made to raise her at high tide. The vessel 
is laden with 1,800 tons of coal and is insured 
in the Tokyo Marine Insurance Company for 
yen 10,000. 

July 9th was an eventful day at Oiso. As 
usual every year, the various tea-houses and 
bathing-houses held a celebration in honour of the 
opening of the season of sea-bathing, and invited 
thereto customers from Yokohama, Tokyo, and 
other places. On the present occasion nine arrests 
were made by the police, the persons being charged 
with gambling. The affair took place in the 
Ryujo-kan, a Japanese hotel, and among the 
arrested were four gentlemen of Yokohama. Nor 
was this all. Several further arrests, including 
three women, were made at other tea-houses dur- 
ing the evening, some of the persons being chang- 
ed with gambling and others with shameful 

conduct. — 

The death is announced of Dr. S. Kashimura, 
President of the well-known Sanryudo Hospital, 
Kanda, Tokyo, the sad event taking place on 
July 7th at his villa in Shinagawa, at the age of 
57. He had been suffering from consumption. 
Prior to his death, the deceased received the Court 
title of jugoi at the Emperor's hands, in recogni- 
tion of his distinguished services both in official 
and non-official circles. The deceased, who was 
well known to foreigners and Japanese, once 
occupied a chair in the Medical College of 
the Tokyo University and in 1889 opened the 
Sanroyudo Hospital. In 1893 the title of Igaku 
Hakushi (Doctor of Medic ine) was conferred 
upon him. 


[July 12, 1902. 


Friday, July 4. 
Three Japanese newspapers comment edi- 
torially on the arrival of Prince Boris Vladimir, 
namely, the Jimmin, the Hoc hi, and the C7««0. 
The Jimmin {Seiyu-kai organ) dwells on the 
necessity of distinguishing between the 
coming of a distinguished member of a 
foreign State and the foreign policy of that 
State. Hospitality and politics, it says, 
should be kept separate. Marquis Ito re- 
ceived a remarkably warm welcome when he 
visited Russia last year. Evidently the 
cordiality of his reception was due to the 
fact of his being Ito, not to the fact of his being 
a representative of Japan. Prince Vladimir 
ought to be welcomed with equal warmth 
and sincerity. It is only folks whose politics 
disturb their reason that detect deep political 
motives in every visit of a distinguished or 
illustrious person to a foreign country. As 
for those that bring forward the Anglo- 
Japanese alliance and allege that whatever 
the sentiment of the allies towards Russia, 
Russia, on her side, can not but feel that the 
alliance is intended to place obstacles in her 
path in Asia, they are either people incom- 
petent to understand the force of circum- 
stances, or folks actuated by a desire to make 
mischief between countries. Because Japan 
has joined hands with one Rower there is no 
reason why she should be unfriendly with 
others. That is behaving like a girl with 
one lover. The greater the number of her 
friends the better. She can cultivate them 
all sincerely without failing in her duty to 
any one of them. 

The HocJii Shimbun says that such a guest 
should be heartily welcomed. There is 
nothing political about his visit, but it can 
not fail to have an effect upon politics. Some 
people say that the Anglo-Japanese alliance 
lias set up a barrier between Japan and 
Russia. That is absurd. There are are no 
necessarily conflicting elements in the poli- 
cies of Russia and of the allies. Both 

between the two Powers, and there could be 
no more mistaken policy than that which 
regards a collision between Japan and Russia 
as inevitably indicated by the interests of the 
two States. The coming of Prince Vladimir 
has no political significance, but Japan would 
be making a mistake if she failed to utilize 
the occasion for good ends. 

The Prince's arrival in Tokyo was saluted 
by 21 guns fired by a batter)' in the grounds 
of Yuraku-cho ; a position sufficiently re- 
mote from Shimbashi not to startle the 
horses of carriages assembled for the use of 
the Prince, his suite and the notables who 
went to meet him. From the railway plat- 
form to the place of entering the carriage 
prepared for His Highness a red cloth was 
spread, and it need scarcely be added that 
a guard of honour escorted the Prince cn 
route for the Detached Palace. An excep- 
tional feature was that the whole of the 
western side of the route from Shimbashi to 
the Palace was lined with troops of all arms, 
and the eastern side by a force of police. 
His Imperial Highness lunched at the Rus- 
sian Legation and subsequently attended a 
religious service at the Cathedral of the 
Greek Church in Surugadai. In the evening 
at 6.30 o'clock he proceeded to the Imperial 
Palace and after audience with the Emperor 
and Empress, had the honour of dining with 
Their Majesties and the Princes of the Blood, 
the Minister President, the Minister of State 
for Foreign Affairs and other notables, the 
Russian Minister of course being present. 
On the following morning (3rd instant) the 
Emperor visited the Prince at the Detached 
Palace, and the Prince subsequently lunched 
with His Imperial Highness Prince Fushimi 
and dined with Prince Kanin. According to 
present plans the Prince will leave Tokyo on 
the 5th. 

Monday, July 7. 
On the 3rd instant the Fanperor conferred 
the Grand Collar of the Chrysanthemum on 
Prince Vladimir, the presentation beina" made 

c by His Majesty's own hand on the occasion 
policies alike are founded on the purposes of of visitin? the Prince at the Shiba Detached 
preventing disturbance in the Par Last and p alace Various orders were also conferred 
promoting the development of commerce, nor Qn members of the p rince ' s su j te . 

can it be supposed that the Government of 
His Majesty the Tsar,a genuineloverof peace, 
has any other object. Probably one main 
cause of the common misunderstanding about 

The Prince' visited His PLxcellency Baron 
Komura, H.I.H. Prince Arisugawa, His 
Excellency Count Katsura, H.I.H. Prince 
Kanin, H.I.H. Prince Nashimoto, H.E. 

Russo-Japanese relations is that they have Count ' Tanaka, H.I.H. the Prince Imperial, 
hitherto been chiefly political and little com- 
mercial. But the time has come when the 

The previous day His Highness visited various 
Japanese stores in Benten-dori and purchased a 
number of curios. The Prince and suite then called 
on Tamamura and had their photographs taken. 


two countries are to be drawn together by 
community of commercial and industrial 
interests. The Siberian Railway, the Man- 
churian Railway and the Korean railways 
are all instruments for establishing an entente 
on material grounds. It is to be hoped that I 
the business men of Japan will show their! 
appreciation of the situation by according a ! 
hearty welcome to the Russian Prince. 

The C/tino Shimbun takes a very similar j 
line. It contends that Port Arthur, Dalny . 
and Vladivostock are now to become gates 
of commerce, and that the seas adjacent to 
Japan will be the highway of a new and 
great trade. These are the facts to be kept in 
mind by the Japanese people when they think 
of Russia. Russia's object in building the 
Trans- Asian Railway was not merely political : 
it was also commercial, and it would be 

and finally H.I.H. Prince Fushimi, at whose 
residence luncheon was taken. That even- 
ine the Prince dined with Prince Kanin. 

I The usual programme of amusements were 
I provided for the Prince, including fire- 
i works, fencing, archery, jujutsu, painting, 
1 wrestling, etc. Visits were also paid to 
I various educational institutions, 
j The Prince left Tokyo by the 9. 40 a.m. 
I train on the 5th instant, and on reaching 
I Yokohama, laid aside his official capacity 
and became a private individual for the pur- 
pose of making visits to Nikko and Hakone. 
After resting at the Imperial Pavilion near 
the Benten hatoba, His Highness went on 
board the battleship Sevastopol at 1 p m. 
The various warships dressed in his honour 
and fired salutes when he went off to his 

Prince Boris Vladimir and his staff landed at 
Yokohama from the Sevastopol on the afternoon 

wise that in her sentiments towards Russia J of July 6th and put up at the Grand Hotel. In 
Japan should cease to be guided solely by .a few days the Prince will visit Nikko, Hakone, 
politics and should pav due attention to and other P laces of note - Mr - Madenokoji, 
community of material interests. The open- 1 faster of, will, it is said, accompany 
Ing of Manchuria and the preservation () f uie Prince. 

Far-Eastern tranquillity are to be effected | Prince Boris Vladimir and staff left Yokohama 
by a Russo-Japanese entente, not by discord for Tokyo on July 8th by the 5.30 pan train. 

Friday, July 4. 
The Shanghai correspondent of The Times, 
says that " daily experience justifies the 
general opinion that the protocol of Septem- 
ber, 1900, is an unique monument of the 
collective helplessness of Western diplomacy 
in Peking." That is exactly the view long 
ago taken in this country. Whenever the 
Protocol has been subjected to any strain, it 
has at once broken down. None of the 
measures taken in accordance with it has 
worked smoothly and successfully. Con- 
spicuous above all was the singular sanguine- 
ness shown by its negotiators in leaving the 
problem of tariff revision to be solved by 
China's good will. Some people regard it 
as essentially characteristic of China that she 
yields nothing to persuasion and everything 
to force. It will be time enough to say that 
she has not learned that habit from her 
Western teachers when any evidence can 
be adduced to show that they have ever 
yielded anything to her persuasion. As 
for the fact, however, it is apparently 
incontrovertible : unless she is tightly 
screwed down she will wriggle out of 
an unpleasant engagement if possible. 
Japan acted on that conviction when she 
made the Shimonoseki Treaty, for she pro- 
vided a substantial guarantee that China 
should not play fast and loose with her when 
it came to revising her commercial treaty. 
But the negotiators of the Protocol made no 
such provision, and the consequence is that 
tariff revision makes no kind of progress. 
Another contingency that the Protocol does 
not provide against is the nullification of all 
the tariff re-visors' labours through dissen- 
sions among the Powers. Great Britain's 
commissioners are taking infinite pains to 
contrive the commutation of likin, and 
are said to be now willing to agree to an 
increase of the import duties to 20 per cent, 
provided they can attain their end. But 
what likelihood is there that all the other 
Powers will agree to such a radical change ? 
None whatever, we imagine. 

Some say that Messrs. Arnold Karbcrg 
and Company offered to pay to the Chinese 
Government a sum of fifty million taels an- 
nually for a monopoly of the preparation and 
sale of opium throughout the empire, and 
others allege that fifteen millions was the 
sum offered. We are inclined to think that 
the latter is the more probable figure. Either 
payment would constitute a most welcome 
and useful addition to the revenue of China 
just at present. But the scheme is not like- 
ly to mature. A Peking clique headed by 
Prince Ching advocates the acceptance of the 
German firm's offer, whereas the Viceroys 
Chang Chih-tung and Yuan Shih-lcaj stren- 
uously oppose it, and the combined in- 
fluence of the latter is too strong to be 
ignored. Most people will be disposed to 
say, we imagine, that China would be per- 
forming a suicidal act if she adopted any 
such plan. If by the term " preparation " of 
opium is to be understood the various pro- 
cesses usually involved in that operation, it is 
obvious that the German monopolists would 
be obliged to organize an immense staff of 
experts and assistants throughout the pro- 
vinces where the poppy is chiefly grown, 
namely, Szchuan, Yunnan, Kweichow ami 
Hupeh, and indeed in many other provinces 
also. Mining and railway concessions would 

July 12, 1902.] 


be a mere bagatelle compared with such 
an arrangement and the dangerous contin- 
gencies connected with it. 

The average prices of foreign goods im- 
ported into China between 1897 and 1899 
were considerably less in terms of silver 
than they are now. That is obvious, for the 
prices of the imports are gold prices, and 
consequently though they may undergo no 
change from year to year assessed in gold, 
they do undergo a considerable change when 
converted into silver. But the specific im- 
port duties now imposed were calculated 
on the basis of the 1897-99 prices, and being 
stated in silver, they represent a smaller 
percentage of the prices on which they are 
based than they did at the time they were 
fixed. Thus if P be the prices of 1879-99 
and if silver has fallen 10 per cent, in terms 
of gold since that time, it is plain that where 
a five-per-cent. import tariff produced f„ in 
1897-99, it now produces only ~. The 
Chinese are said to have become sensible of 
that fact, and to be anxious to have some 
arrangement made to meet it, as well as 
some arrangement for periodical re-adjust- 
ments of the balance. There really is no 
effective remedy for all these complications 
except that China should adopt gold mono- 
metallism. The world has condemned itself 
to make no use of one of the precious metals 
which formerly rendered excellent service, 
and China merely subjects herself and every- 
body else to great embarrassments by de- 
clining to follow the world's example. We 
do not pretend to say how she is to effect 
the reform, but until she does effect it, 
nothing will work satisfactorily. 

were right in their diagnosis. What is now 
to be said about Yung Lu ? He was 
denounced in equally strong and confident 
terms, yet he remains at the right hand of 
the Throne, and all his proceedings since 
the return to Peking have been apparently 
inspired by progressive instincts. Is the 
Empress-Dowager acting the part of a 
mere hypocrite, openly condemning Princes 
Tuan and Chuan and openly favouring their 
guilty comrade Yung Lu ? That is scarcely 

The projectors of the Hunan S.S. Corn- 
pan)- held a meeting in Tokyo on the 2nd 
instant. The report submitted to them was 
very favourable. It showed that 452 persons 
had applied for shares from all parts of the 
empire, and that the total amount of capital 
required — lj4 million yen — had been fully 
taken up. The meeting decided that the 
first installment on the shares should be 
called in between the 25th and the 30th 
instant, after which a general meeting of 
shareholders will be held for purposes of 
organization, men being sent in the mean- 

colleagues, the former proposes a concession 
in the matter of a foreign civil administration 
only, and, moreover, America continues to 
be represented at the discussions. As for 
France; it was expected that she would fol- 
low Russia's example, but she appears to have 
made a compromise between her convictions 
and her inclinations by abandoning her sup- 
port of Germany's extreme view and declar- 
ing that she is willing to adopt the decision of 
the majority. It is to be hoped that this pro- 
blem may not cause a permanent rupture in 
the camp of the allies. We do not hear 
much of what England is doing, but certain 
rumours appear to indicate that she is not 
inclined to press China too closely. One of 
the main anxieties, we presume, is that if 
China's wishes are complied with, the com- 
plaiscence of the Powers will be misconstrued 
by the Chinese nation. 

The Yoiniuri alleges that the principal 
points aimed at by the Japanese commis- 
sioners in negotiating the new commercial 
treaty with China are : (1) free navigation of 
all Chinese inland Avaters ; (2) removal of 
restrictions on the export of rice ; (3) a veto 
on the use of Japanese names by Chinese 
merchants ; and (4) the protection of patents 
and trade marks. 

Monday, July 7. 
The Empress-Dowager is said to have 
recently expressed radical dissent from the 
Boxer propaganda and from the anti-foreign 
campaign. Her Majesty said that the insti- 
gator of the Boxer outbreak was Yun Nen 
and that Princes Tuan and Chuan encouraged 
it. Replying to a minister who urged that 
ever since the flight to Jehol in i860 the 
imperial house had suffered only insults at 
the hand of foreigners, and that to treat 
them with consideration was a great mistake, 
the Empress-Dowager severely condemned 
such a doctrine. Only a small span ofi 
life remained to her, she said, and dur- J 
ing that time it was her determination not 1 
to involve her country in trouble for the j 
sake of avenging personal wrongs. 

These details are given by the Peking cor- ; 

The members of the Tariff Commission, 
headed by Sir James McKay and Taotai 
Sheng, are still travelling up the Yangtse. 
They have had their interview with Liu 
Kunyi, and they are now on their way to 
while to the scene of operations to make the j Wuchang to meet Chang Chih-tung. Tele- 
necessary arrangements. The projecters | g rap hic news from Shanghai insists that 
have further resolved that Chinese subjects ; their object is to come to some arrangement 
shall be the only foreigners allowed to hold | w fth the three Viceroys about the abolition of 
shares. The names of the Establishment 7^///, but our readers will remember that 
Committee are Baron Shibusawa and Messrs. j London intelligence represents the British 
Yasuda Zenjiro, Kondo Rempei, Kato Masa- Government as" having abandoned all hope 
yoshi, Masuda Ko, Hayakawa Senkichiro, I Q f obtaining the commutation of that object- 
Asada Masabumi and Shiraiwa Ryohei. I ionable impost. Either London or Shang- 

Ti . a~ j A 7 ■' hai must be altogether mistaken. 
It is affirmed — according to an Asa/n \ & 

telegram dated the 3rd instant from Peking j xhere j s a tc legram from Peking to the 
-that the Kwangsi rebels are very active | ^ sm whkh that &n tmmteha& 

lat things are in a most disturbed ^ curred in the province of Kirin, and that 

the Chinese officer in command there has 

state about ■Nanning, Taiping and Suching. 

The telegram further quotes this report as ! appHed tQ General Koi -chakoff for aid. Such 

saying that the Government troops 
short of ammunition and provisions, and 
that their commanders ask urgently for 
supplies and reinforcements. Thus the 
mystery of Kwangsi deepens. Foreign 
observers, who have been to the so-called 
" disturbed " regions announce that signs of 
disturbance are quite imperceptible, yet 
Chinese rumours remain as persistent as 

Tuesday, July 8. 
We read in the N.-C. Daily News that 
the Chinese Throne has been memorialized 
to abolish tlie Grand Secretariat, a body 
which bears the same title as the " Cabinet " 
in Japan (Chinese Neikwoh, Japanese 
Naikakit). The reason assigned is that this 
once important body has been gradually 
deprived of all its functions. Originally the 
Grand Secretaries acted as chief advisers to 
the Crown, but a large part of that function 
disappeared when the Manchu dynasty came 
to the throne, since the Emperor had a board 
of military councillors called C hun-chi Ta-chen; 
and in 1900 the organization of a department 
of State Affairs {Cheugwu Chit) still further 
reduced the sphere of the Neikzvoh's useful- 

respondent of the/>> S/uwpo. It would seem j nesS; inasmuch as the new office virtually dis- 
that Prince Tuan has now been twice de- ! c]larged a ll administrative duties during the 
nounced from the Throne as an instigator of ; period ofthe Court's refugeeshi 
the Boxer trouble. His cause was taken up by , hand) a Grand Secretary receives 4 

several persons at one time, and the Foreign 
Ministers were condemned for insisting on 1 
his capital punishment. The latter criticism 
was probably just from the point of view that 
to demand from the Throne something 
which the Throne had obviously no power , 
to accomplish without recourse to mediaeval 
methods, was merely to create a tactless im- 
passe. On the other hand, it was out of 
the question that I'rince Tuan should go 
undenounced. At any rate it is satisfactory 
to know that the Foreign Representatives 

of rice by way of pay — a s/11/1 is 166 catties 
— , which is the equivalent of about 16,000 
taels annually, and the expense of the whole 
body is 80,000 taels. Its abolition would 
therefore be a boon to the Treasury. 

The United States Government is said to 
have adopted a very liberal view witli regard 
to the Tientsin question. Washington has 
not gone <jnite so far as St. Petersburg, for 
whereas the latter is supposed to have 
separated itself altogether from its heretofore 

incidents are fatal to China's prospect of 
recovering Manchuria. Russia will of course 
decline to evacuate so long as the Chinese 
acknowledge their incompetence to preserve 
order in her absence. 

Wednesday, July 9. 
In commenting on the distribution of the 
67 Yi millions sterling exacted from China 
by way of Indemnity, the North-China Daily 
News puts England's share at nine millions, 
America's at 8 millions, France's at ii^, 
Germany's at 14, Russia's at and says 

that " the rest including Japan " receive 
103/ millions. That method of stating the 
case is not intentionally designed to be un- 
fair to Japan, but in fact it is certainly very 
unfair. For in the first place it excludes 
her, in appearance at all events, from the 
I ranks of the Powers that bore the burden 
I and heat of the day, whereas she stood at 
'the very head of them, and whereas the re- 
' lief of Peking would not have been effected 
J nearly so soon and might never have been 
effected at all without her strong and reso- 
i lute aid; in the second place, it groups 
her with Powers like Italy, Austria-Hungary 
land Belgium, a most honorable association, 
of course, from a general point of view, but 
leading from the point of 
1 campaign ; and in the third 
place it leaves the public in doubt as to 
whether Japan's claim may not have been 
as large as England's or America's. Perhaps 
our Shanghai contemporary was not in pos- 
session of minute details. We may there- 
fore explain that Japan asked for only 5 
millions sterling, or three millions less than 
the United States, 4 millions less than Eng- 
land, 6}4 millions less than France, 9 mil- 
lions less than Germany and gY millions 
less than Russia. It is not right that the 
great moderation shown by Japan in the 

ties during the I '. ' . 

ip. On the other | exceedingly m, 

; ives 4> ooo^7/! v : eWofth , eChl1 

24 W«ttI¥Hflttn»H«BlKttiB..j THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 

[July 12, 1902. 

can not 

matter, as in everything connected with the 
last Chinese complication, should he obscured 
by such rough-and-ready methods of calcula- 
tion as those of the N.-C. Herald. Among 
all the Powers that took any important part 
in the campaign Japan could least afford to 
be pecuniarily generous. Yet she was pre- 
cisely the Power that showed conspicuous 
moderation. England and America doubt- 
less regulated their demands in strict accord 
with their outlays. If the other Powers did the 
same, there is nothing to be said except that 
their manner of conducting military campaigns 
is remarkably uneconomical. 

Peking sends us another sensation via the 
correspondent of the Asahi Shimbun. It re- 
lates to Prince Boris' recent visit to the Chinese 
Capital. The Prince is said to have repaired '•■ 
to the residence of Yung Lu one night in 
disguise, and to have remained with the 
Chinese statesman until a very late hour, the 
issue of the conference being a secret agree- 
ment, by which China pledged herself, on 1 

y T \ c employing any 

the one hand, never to alienate any part of ; *^ ai ^ c j s mus t h, 
Thibet — in other words, promised to include ' * 
Thibet in the sphere of Russian influence — , 
while Russia, on her side, promised to pro- 
tect the Empress-Dowager and Yung Lu in 
all emergencies. The story has not even 
the merit of being plausible. It is a very 
clumsy fabrication. 

That is conceivable enough, but what com- ENTERTAINMENTS TO MR. WU. 

plicates the intelligence is that these men are 

supposed to have contemplated the final! / >^ the c^casion of a reca lt en,r, tanuneiU 
Of the refugees in Japan, who, - lvcn to Mr ' Wu , m Jokyo, the , Chinese 

1 savant was reported as being greatly struck 

are of their own political com- 
We do not understand it, and 
arrive at any conclusion more' 
definite than that Soul has fallen into one of 
its periodical political paroxisms 

The latest about the Kwangsi trouble 
relates to the appointment of Wang Chih- 
chung as Governor of that province. Wang, 
whom the world knows as the ambassador 
sent by China to thank Russia after the 
retrocession of the Liaotung Peninsula, is 
said to have assured the Empress Dowager 
that a majority of the Kwangsi rebels are 
I lunan men, and that if he were entrusted with 
the duty of quelling them, he could easily 
bring them to listen to reason. The Em- 
press took him at his word, and appointed 
him to the Governorship. 

According to the Nippon, Mr. Kato 
Masuo's appointment as adviser to the 
Korean Government has not yet been con- 
firmed. Three reasons are assigned for the 
delay. The first is that the agreement to 
appoint Mr. Kato was made between Li 
1 Yong-ik and the Japanese Representative in 
Soul, and that although Li had the Em- 
peror's sanction, the other Ministers are 
i offended because they were not consulted. 
The second reason is that in the Korean 
Government's agreement with Mr. Sands, it 
is provided that should there be question of 
other foreign adviser, Mr. 
_ consulted, and the new em- 
ploye must rank below him. The third rea- 
j son is that while M. Pablov raises 00 objection 
jto the engagement of Mr. Kato, he requires 
that a Russian subject also shall be engaged, 
and it seems probable that the French 
Representative will then prefer a similar 
demand on behalf of one of his nationals. 
The Nippon treats these objections seriously, 
but we are disposed to doubt them in loto. 
Certainly the statement about the Ministers 
of Russia and France must be regarded as 
extremely apocryphal. 

It is alleged that the 
Commissioners' interview 

M. Pablov furnishes many paragraphs to 
the newsmongers. The latest exploit attri- 
i buted to him is peculiar. Having failed to 
! secure the appointment of Mr. Alexieff as 
! financial adviser to the Korean Government, 
he is said to be urging that the salary of the 
J Danish adviser to the department of posts 
land telegraphs should have his salary in- 
result of the Tariff ] creased to 3,500 yen annually. A splendid 
with Viceroy Liu ambition, truly, for the Russian Representa- 

Alexieff! These reports are agreeably silly. 

I guilds 

at Nanking was not very conclusive or satis- j tive to conceive, and a fine solatium to his 
factory. The Viceroy would not hear of country for the disappointment about M. 
removing the veto on the export of rice or 
the import of salt. As to likin, he was not 
unwilling that abolition should be effected 
on condition that a due portion of the cus- 
toms revenue was appropriated to pay the 
losses incurred by the local exchecjuers. 
Put he desired to limit the abolition to 
goods carried by water, and to exempt from 
its scope salt and opium, the likin on those 
two staples being fundamental public assets. 
Further, he insisted that transit dues must 
be maintained. Sir James McKay, on his 
side, intimated that 12^ per cent, seem- 
ed to be the maximum basis of an 
increased tariff. Altogether the interview 
appears to have been fruitless, and it is pro- 
bably for that reason that the British 
Government has announced its hopelessness 
of effecting any radical change in the matter 
of likin. 

It is reported from Mokpo that the Korean 
there have decided not to receive the 
notes of the hirst Japanese Bank for larger 
amounts than 5 yen. No explanation of 
this decision is given, though certainly an 
explanation is needed seeing that when the 
notes were first issued they were said to 
have found much favour among the people 
and to be circulating freely. These are the 
notes, it will be remembered, having a like- 
ness of Baron Shibusawa. 

the effect that 
the Soul-Wiju 


Most confusing reports come from Korea 
about arrests connected with the organiza- 
tions of the Chosen Kyokai in Japan. 
Several Korean politicians are said to have 
been inspired by the appearance of such a 
Society to revert to their old schemes for 
effecting a change of Cabinet and carrying 
out other designs. They were arrested, and 
have now been lying in prison for some 
time, their friends, it is said, being subjected 
to all kinds of extortions on their account. I 

News from Korea is to 
work has been resumed on 
Railway, or, to speak more correctly, on the 
Soul-Songdo section of it. The Korean 
Government is building this line itself, with 
funds obtained nobody knows where. The 
operations were commenced with a brave 
parade some time ago, and then were sud- 
denly abandoned, obviously owing to scar- 
city of funds. Now again about 150 navvies 
have been set to work, a pittance of money 
having been obtained, it is said, from the 
Imperial Household. Of course it is all very 
transparent. The Korean Government has 
not means, and does not begin to have 
means, for building the road, and the work 
it is now doing must be regarded simply as 
a make-believe. The proper person will 
doubtless come along at the proper time and 
my the concession. 

b)' the names Point n-ka i { Same Script Society) 
and Doki (Same Sentiment Club), the 
latter being his hosts. A shrewd sus- 
picion ma)- have been entertained by some 
people at the time that what struck Mr. Wu 
was the remarkable variety of terms under 
which Societies are organized in Japan at 
present, rather than the significance of 
their appellations. If so, his perplexity was 
probably augmented by the last dinner 
given to him in the capital when no less 
than three Societies combined to do him 
honour, the Toko Kyo-kai (Oriental Countries 
Association), the Hokushin-kai (North- 
China Society), of which we now hear for the 
first time, and the Kokuryo-kai (Amur 
Society). China is pretty rich in societies — 
Triads, White Lotus and what not — but 
they are secret affairs, nor did the 
most sensational writer ever attribute to 
them anything like the number and variety 
that mark' modern Japanese associations. 
We should like to see what Mr. Wu writes 
on his return to China about the intellectual 
activity represented by this epidemic of 

Marquis Kuroda acted as chairman at the 
reunion on the 5th instant, and made a neat 
speech. He recalled the great debt Japan 
owed to China in the field of civilized pro- 
gress, and said that it might now be the 
former's turn, as it certainly would be her 
pleasure, to show her gratitude by helping 
China along the new routes indicated by 
contact with the Occident. 

Mr. Wu, in replying, departed from the 
rule hitherto observed by him and ventured 
into the field of international politics. It 
afforded him profound satisfaction, he said, 
to hear Marquis Kuroda's allusion to the 
ancient ethical relations between China and 
Japan. No doubt Ja pan had taken what- 
ever was useful from China, the two countries 
being such close neighbours. But Japan 
had now gone further afield, and borrowing 
from the distant Occident, had succeeded in 
making herself strong and respected. Un- 
fortunately China not only refrained from 
any such effort, but did not even send her 
people abroad to examine foreign systems. 
It was at this point that the speaker branched 
off into politics. Manchuria had fallen into 
Russia's hands, he declared, and the problem 
of its recovery presented many difficulties. 
The only hope lay in education, by which a 
spirit of independence and patriotism might 
be created among the Manchu and the Mon- 
gol peoples. He concluded by asserting 
that much depended on the assistance lent 
by Japan in such matters, especially by 
societies like the Toho Kyo-kai and other 
similar associations. 


These visitors to Japan are to be received 
in audience by the Lmperor on the 12th in- 
stant. The Japanese are certainly making 
a great deal of them. No people know 
better how to do that kind of thing and it is 
doubtless wise in the present case. The 
eight companies, banks, insurance offices, 
&c, with which Mr. Yasuda Zenjiro is 
associated, gave a great entertainment in 
their honour in the rooms of the Tatemono 
Kaisha (building company) at Nihonbashi. 

July 12, 1902. J 

THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. h »ttW»tt3£¥H;jHBK«W3««7 2 5 



We read in Tokyo journals that some 
difficult}- has occurred in connexion with the 
introduction of foreign capital for the purposes 
of gas manufacture in Tokyo. The difficulty 
is illustrative of the difference between Osaka 
and Tokyo as to business spirit. The Osaka 
folks are big men. They have grasped the 
elementary principle of all commercial trans- 
actions, namely, that no operation can be 
really successful unless both parties reap a 
reasonable profit from it. Therefore when 
they found that by doubling their capital and 
allowing American investors to hold one 
half of the shares, they could obtain the 
money needed for expanding their enterprise 
and, at the same time, lay aside a substantial 
reserve, they did not hesitate to avail them- 
selves of the opportunity. The concession 
to foreigners of equal privileges with them- 
selves did not terrify these adult traders. 
But when a similar occasion presented itself 
to the Tokyo Gas Company, the 'timid 
fledgelings of shareholders raised a cry of 
nervousness. It would be a calamitous 
thing in their opinion to let the foreigner 
have an equal chance even though he came 
to their assistance with substantial monetary 
resources ; even though he brought to them 
the capital for lack of which their enterprise 
is languishing. One quarter of the stock 
would be quite enough, they thought, to spare 
to this ravening and dangerous creature. So 
there has been what the Japanese call an 
ichitonza in the negotiations. Truly the 
Tokyo men are a pitiful crowd. What with 
fierce jealousy among themselves, — jealousy 
that makes them fight for years over enter- 
prises of which the city is in urgent need — 
and reluctance to treat the foreigner with 
ordinary business equity, they simply stand 
still and make no progress at all. Occasion- 
ally one hears of leading citizens going to 
Europe or America for purposes of investi- 
gation. They would do better if they went 
to Osaka in search of a commercial education. 

Some attempt seems to be made in 
Peking to devise a system of rules for placing 
the question of missionaries and native 
Christians on a more intelligent basis. The 
telegraph alone being our informant wc are 
not in a position to explain exactly what is 
happening, but it would appear that when 
Mr. Timothy Richard returned recently to 
Peking, the Chinese Government issued an 
edict to the effect that as he is an upright 
and thoroughly fair-minded person, his ser- 
vices should be availed of to elaborate 

seeing that Protestant missionaries, as a 
general rule, avoid interference between their 
converts and the law. As an illustration of 
that fact a resolution passed last September 
at the China conference of the China Mis- 
sionary Society may be adduced : — 

*' That C.M.S. Native Agents be forbidden without 
previous sanction from their Superintendent to have 
any business with the Yamens, or to undertake busi- 
ness for Christians or others in law-suits or local 
ieuds, on pain of dismissal. 

" That in the opinion of this conference the Europ- 
ean missionary, while showing sympathy with his 
native brethren in their troubles, should not interfere 
in any business with the Yamen, nor allow inter- 
ference in any such business on the part of native 


1 • . r j , j- ti, 1, 1 airents under his superintendence, without previous 

some kind 01 understanding. lne work 1 s . f . t , . , \ , . „ 

consent of the ocal governing body of the Mission. 

who j 
how j 

can I 
that j 



It appears that the recently announced 
death of Major Kajikawa in Peking was in- 
flicted by his own hand. He had been 
suffering for some time from insomina and 
nervous prostration, so that finally he be- 
came convinced of his own incapacity to 
continue in the discharge of his duties. A 
letter written by him to a friend shortly before 
the end, contained a sentence that since he 
could no longer hope to serve his country 
in life, he looked forward to discharging loyal 
duties as a spirit. The fatal act was perpe- 
trated in a moment during the brief absence 
of his comrade Captain Morita, and the 
weapon employed was a short sword. Major 
Kajikawa, who, at the time of his death, 
was attached to the Japanese Legation in 
Peking, had gained much distinction and a 
brilliant future was anticipated for him. He 
served under Major-General Kamiyo Mitsu- 
omi, when the latter, as Lieut. -Colonel, held 
the post of military attache in Peking before 
the China- Japan war, and it was by Major 
Kajikawa that a report was compiled which 
afforded invaluable information to the Head 
Quarter Staff in Tokyo about the condition 
of the Chinese Army in 1893. To obtain 
that information the Major had been obliged 
to adopt all kinds of disguises and to risk 
his life again and again. Thereafter he 

has been going on therefore, though 
may be Mr. Richard's vis-a-vis, or 
it is proposed to give effect to 
system of law thus enacted we 
not discover. A late telegram says 
the Chinese Government urges the 
visability of introducing a clause provid- 
ing that any bad conduct on the part of 
Christian converts should entail the transfer 
of their missionary to some other station, 
and that if it be proved that they have re- 
ceived encouragement from the missionary, 
or if he attempts to interfere between them 
and the judicial authorities he should be 
recalled to his native country. What reply 
Mr. Richard made to that proposition the t 
telegram does not say. He is merely re- i svstem 
ported as having formulated a suggestion 
that any Chinese local official behaving un- 
justly towards Christian converts or failing 
to take steps such as shall protect them 
against violence, should be at once dis- 
missed from office. The latter pro- 
vision, however, entered into the agreement 
made by the Foreign Powers with China 
last year, and there does not seem to be any 
special reason for repeating it now. Obvi- 
ously the idea of the Chinese Authorities is 
to resuscitate the Old Canton Hong system 
with respect to Christian converts. A great 
deal has been said and written against that 
system, but it was probably the best, if not 
the only, device available under the circum- 
stances. The foreigners trading at Canton 
were not amenable to Chinese law and their 
Governments had not provided any efficient 
substitute for the jurisdiction to which these 
people should naturally have been sub- 
ject. Under such singular circumstances 
the Chinese local authorities conceived 
the idea of strictly limiting the number 
of native merchants having access to 
foreigners for purposes of trade, and of re- 
quiring these " Hong merchants," as they 
were called, to be responsible for everything 
in connexion with the traffic, including the 
conduct of the foreign traders. The plan 
worked well enough as long as the East India 
Company's agents supplied a force co-opera- 
ting for the preservation of order, and when 
the system ceased to be necessary owing to 
the appointment of foreign consuls, the com- 
pradore stepped into the niche that the 
Hong merchant had made for himself in the 
purely commercial field. There is some 
similarity between the situation of the 
missionary in the interior of China to 
day and that of the foreign traders at 
Canton in the eighteenth century. The 
missionary is not amenable to Chinese 
law and he is beyond the reach of his 
own consul. Also he has under his 
wing a crowd of converts many of whom 
have embraced Christianity merely for the 
sake of finding refuge at its altar from the 
consequences of crime or license under its 

But it is notorious that some missionaries 
— perhaps we might write "many 
missionaries " without doing the cloth an 
injustice — are betrayed by their eagerness 
to enrol converts into neglecting the duty of 
closely scrutinizing the conduct and motives 
of those they receive into the flock, and thus 
the mark of Christianity is put upon men 
who regard the foreign creed solely as a 
convenient instrument for wrong-doing. The 
Chinese Authorities apparently think that 
the only way to correct that state of affairs 
is to increase the missionary's responsibility : 
to make him answerable, in short, for the 
law-abiding action of his following. The 
well. No one ex- 
himself is in a posi- 
pronounce a definite 
Certainly if the Pro- 
| testant missionaries agreed to the introduo 
I tion of any such arrangement, the Roman 
I Catholics would find themselves in a con- 
spicuously invidious situation, for it is 
scarcely conceivable that they would consent 
to abandon the pretensions they now assert 
with such practical thoroughness. Perhaps 
the Chinese appreciate that contingency 
clearly enough. They no longer retain their 
place on the ineffable pedestal of 1841 when 
the Celestial Government avowed its haughty 
indifference to the " tiltings of barbarians," 
and they would probably welcome any 
gement calculated to accentuate the 
differences between the two sections of 

might work 
cept the missionary 
tion, we think, to 
opinion on that point. 

served in Manchuria, and showed the same 

high order of intelligence and daring. His j a:gis to defy the laws. The abuses resulting 
death is regarded as a heavy loss to his from such interested conversions are not 
country. numerous, in the case of Protestant missions, 


We had to report recently a strike on 
the part of the students of the Miye Middle 
School. On that occasion the fault seemed 
to be largely on the side of the faculty 
of the school and the Governor of the pre' 
fecture. News now comes of a strike at 
the Middle School of Oita, in which the 
students appear to be chiefly to blame. 
The account given in Tokyo journals is that 
the elder students, angered by some severe 
strictures passed by Mr. Uki, one of the 
teachers, against an increasing habit of 
imbibing sake, demanded his removal. 
Apparently the Principal yielded so far 
as to suspend Mr. Uki, but, at the same time, 
he rusticated some of the students. This 
led to a renewed and stronger demonstration 
on the hitter's part. They drew up a docu- 
ment arraigning the principal and the teachers 
on various counts and demanding the dis- 
missal of the whole faculty. Thirteen of 
them were now expelled, with the result 
that meetings began to be held outside the 
school for the purpose of planning a general 
strike. The trouble is not over. Of course 
this version comes from the side of the 

26 Wfc*;fi*i2flttH»H«W«WJa-..J THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 

[July 12, 1902. 


Writing about naval increment, the Nic/ii 
Nielli ShivibHn notes the increase of the 
Japanese Navy during recent years as 
follows : — 

Total Tonnage. 
1894 57.900 

1896 79,000 

1897 1 00,000 

1898 134,000 

1899 154,000 

1900 204,000 

1901 232,000 

In the immediate future, the total tonnage 
will be raised to the post-bellum figure of 
250,000 tons. Everybody agrees that 
Japan must not rest there. She has 
to keep up with the rapid additions made 
by other countries to their naval forces. 
That is not a matter of serious difficulty 
so far as ships are concerned : they 
can always be bought with money. But 
the men to man them is another problem. 
After the Restoration any number of recruits 
were obtainable for the army, as was natural 
in a country where a military feudalism had 
existed for centuries. The navy, however, 
could not be so easily supplied, maritime 
enterprise having been effectually checked 
under the Tokugawa rule. Difficulties about 
seamen may now be said to have been over- 
come. But that is not true of officers. 
Our contemporary here gives the following 
table :— 

Number of officers and 
men actually serving 

Total f.»rcc includ- 
ing reserves. 


1 4.463 



at the close of last year, was greatly impeded 
by the sudden fall which took place last 
spring in the gold-value of silver and by the 
costliness of bills on China. There have, en 
the other hand, been increases in other direc- 
tions. I lad it not been for these exceptional 
circumstances in the silk and cotton market, 
an increase of some 5 millions would have to 
be recorded over the whole export trade. 
As for imports, the figure this year is 
132,750,672 yen, against 130,599,019 yen 
last year, an increase of 2,151,653 yen. 
But against that result — which does 
not please Japanese economists — have 
to be set the facts that the import 
of luxuries and articles of unproductive 
consumption diminished by 13 millions ; that 
the import of rice fell off by 2% millions, 
and that the import of several other staples 
showed a decline of 7 millions, the great 
increase being in articles for manufacturing 
purposes, namely, raw cotton, 19 millions, 
and in such articles as peas and fertilizers 
(abura-kasn), which increased by 2]/> millions. 
Of course the decrease in articles of luxury, 
&c, does not represent an actual decline in 
consumption. It merely indicates that large 
stocks were imported last year for fiscal 
reasons. It must be remembered that in 
the prices of imports are included the cost 
of carriage and of insurance, whereas the 
prices of exports are those at the place of 



This shows an increment of only 100 per 
cent, whereas the increase of tonnage in 
the same time was 400 per cent. The great 
difficulty is to get a supply of officers for the 
lower ranks — midshipmen and lieutenants. 
The only college for educating these officers 
is at Edajima, where not more than 600 
cadets can be accommodated. There, then, 
a change must be effected. It will probably 
take the form of organizing another naval 
college at Yokosuka, and making arrange- 
ments that the preliminary education of 
candidates shall be effected in the middle 


The volume of Japan's foreign trade for , 
the 1 st half of the present year was 24 1 % j 
million yen against 245 millions in 190 1 ; ! 
imports exceeded exports by 2 1 yd millions j 
against 15J/} millions in 1901 ; and the 
excess of specie imports was 6^3 millions 
against an excess of exports amounting to 7 
millions last year. As to the excess of 
imports (general) over exports, it is to be 
observed that the returns of trade for the 
first half of the year usually exhibit that 
feature, and that a measure of redress is 
effected during the second half. It is notice- 
able, with regard to exports, that an increase 
of 5 y z million yen has taken place in the ex- 
port of manufactured goods ; and with re- 
gard to imports, while there was an increase 
of 14^ millions in materials, a decrease of 
12 millions took place in articles of luxury. 

The fact that during the first six months 
of the current year, exports totalled only 
1 10,863,382 yen against 1 15,340,036 jw; for 
the corresponding period last year, a de- 
crease of 4,476,654 yen, is easily accounted 
for. Mainly it is due to the remarkable 
clearance of silk stocks last year, so that the 
export of that important staple this year shows 
a diminution of as much as J)/> million yen. 
The second factor of importance is that the 
export of cotton yarns, which promised well 

After all it must be admitted that the 
Sovereigns of Europe are showing consider- 
able capacity for impressing the world with 
a due conception of their value as factors in 
international politics. The Emperor of Ger- 
many has conferred an immense service on 
his country during the past three years. 
One can scarcely doubt that had not his 
strong hand been at the helm, the ship of 
state would have collided with England over 
the Boer war. The Emperor of Russia is 
supposed to be purposely kept in igno- 
rance of the real state of affairs in his 
realm, but the world acknowledges that his 
influence is powerful in making for peace 
and that his instincts are all in favour of 
j ustice and liberality. If that Otsu incident 
had assumed the dimensions of a catastrophe, 
Tsuda Sanzo would have been blood-guilty 
towards many nations besides Russia. As 
for the aged Emperor of Austria, people de- 
cline to think of what may happen when his 
wise guidance is lost to the dual monarchy. 
Perhaps nature, more sno, will find some way 
to repair her ravages when His Majesty passes 
from this scene, but the risks are too great 
to be contemplated calmly. Then there is 
the young King of Italy who seems likely 
to tread in the footsteps of his wise father, 
and who is already beginning to be much 
cn evidence. These various monarchs know 
how, also, to keep themselves before the 
public. Their excursions hither and thither 
— happily excursions without the theatrical 
accompaniment of " alarums " — are frequent, 
and the public remains just as ready as ever 
to draw breathless inferences from the com- 
ings and goings of these great folk. The 
Tsar, the President of Erance, and the 
Emperor of Germany take care that there 
shall be no lack of spectacular effect, and 
we now hear that the King of Italy con- 
templates a visit to London, whereas the 
President of Erance and the Tsar talk of 
going to Rome in October. Whatever may 
be said to the contrary, Italy does not 
appear to be so closely linked to the Triple 
Alliance as she used to be. 

The question of reducing the period of 
service with the colours from 3 years to 2 is 
occupying some attention in Japan at present. 
Germany made that change some time ago, 
and France is evidently on the point of 
making it now. But a Japanese officer 
whom the Jiji Shimpo has consulted seems 
to think that Germany's plan gives poor re- 
sults. He points out that it is a popular 
error to imagine that a two-years' system 
can be administered without any increase of 
outlay as compared with a three years' sys- 
tem. In Japan, for example, in order to keep 
a company at its full strength of 125 on a 
peace looting, 41 conscripts — we omit frac- 
tions, though, more Japonico decimals of a 
man are discussed by this officer — have to 
join the colours every year, whereas if the 
two years' plan were adopted 62 would have 
to be taken yearly, and, moreover, the 
establishment of the company would have 
to be increased. As a matter of fact, 
the German company is 142 strong on 
a peace footing and 71 recruits are passed 
into its ranks annually. Again, in order to 
train a soldier within a period of two years, 
it would be necessary to increase the hours 
of daily instruction from 6 to 9, and to 
devote the whole time to drill, which latter 
change would necessitate the engagement 
of a large staff of employees to do work 
now done by the recruit himself This 
officer further maintains that a good 
soldier can not be manufactured under 
three years, and that the product of the 
German system is not half as good, ceteris 
paribus, as the product of the Japanese 
system. He also holds the doctrine, un- 
less wc misunderstand him, that after a 
soldier, having spent three years with the 
colours, has been four years in the reserves, 
he is virtually of no more use for military 
purposes than if he had undergone only one 
year's training in all. We can hardly imagine 
that such a theory is seriously maintained. 
Still more difficult is it to believe that Ger- 
many's system was unwisely adopted. This 
Japanese officer argues wholly from a military 
point of view, as is perhaps not unnatural. 
But there is also another point of view. It 
is not a nation's sole aim to convert itself 
into a military machine. The productive 
capacities, the intellectual development, have 
also to be considered. Germany has given 
to all these things the fullest consideration, 
and has come to the conclusion that in the 
best interests of her people a compromise 
is wisest — a compromise between solely 
military exigencies and the functions of 
everyday life. If she is content with the 
soldiers she gets by present methods, we are 
disposed to think that the same programme 
should satisfy Japan, and that to grudge a 
little additional outlay by the State for the 
sake of diminishing by one-third the cruel 
burden now laid on the people at large, is 
the very falsest kind of economy. 


In spite of the hopes recently expressed 
that all the serious elements of disorder had 
been effectually dealt with in Formosa, news 
now comes that a fresh raid has been made 
by the insurgents at Nansho, a place in 
the Shinchiku district. There are no details 
except that the insurgents were some 200 
strong. The Shinchiku district is the most 
disturbed in Formosa. 

July 12, 1902.] 



Count Itagaki may be said to have retired 
from active political life but when he does I 
re-enter the arena, his voice seems to be as j 
powerful as ever. He has just paid a visit 
to Tosa, and calmed the angry waves that | 
threatened to shipwreck political amity in 1 
that province. The Count pronounced a j 
verdict in favour of the reform party, and 
the others immediately bowed to his opinion. | 
The gist of the matter is decentralization of 
political power. Some seeds of future con- 
flict may have been left, but for the present 
peace has been restored in the Kochi house- 

In settling the Tosa trouble Count Itagaki 
seems to have echoed one of the sermons 
constantly preached by Marquis Ito in 
recent years. He bade the contending par- 
ties lay aside their differences and unite for 
the purpose of working out reforms of much 
greater importance than the issue of any 
local squabbles. The gist of those reforms 
was, first, that for local headmen persons 
should be chosen entirely independent of 
political parties, having a large property 
stake in the welfare of the locality, and enjoy- 
ing the confidence of their fellow townsmen ; 
secondly, that for the communal assemblies 
men should be elected who can be trusted to 
consider communal interests earnestly and 
who shall not be bound by small considera- 
tions relating to the particular districts to 
which they belong ; and, finally, that the re- 
presentatives returned to the Diet should be 
men entirely free from parochial prejudices 
and prepared to view all questions from a 
national standpoint. Count Itagaki succeeded 
in inducing the opponents to unite for the pur- 
pose of carrying out these reforms, which are 
certainly most essential, for at present party 
spirit permeates the whole representative 
as well as central. Per- 
certain extent inevitable, 
having been the school 
were educated, 
of affairs calling 

the end of May. 
to outsiders. As 
reports on trade 
cardinal importance 
the Japanese 
to treat them 

So at least it appears 
a general rule official 
arc not considered of 
but we doubt whether 
people are yet prepared 
with indifference. The Jiji 

Shimpo does not say much on this sub- 
ject, but it hints that Consuls are not always 
well qualified to give information to mer- 
chants and manufacturers, and that possibly 
the want of celerity on the part of the Foreign 
Office is due to some perception of that fact. 
However, it is evident that if the reports are 
worth publishing at all, their value should 
not be impaired by tardiness, and while the 
promise of weekly issues indicates a step in 
the right direction, the Jiji urges still further 


machinery, local 
haps that is to a 
local assemblies 
where party politicians 
None the less it is a state 


loudly for redress. Local headmen 
members of communial bodies have now 
been proved to be shockingly corrupt, and 
quite unfit to be entrusted with the care of 
public business. Marquis Ito with his wont- 
ed political foresight, has long appreciated 
this trouble, and Count Itagaki justly says 
that Tosa, the birth-place of liberalism and, 
indeed, of Japanese political parties, should 
propose to itself the proud role of now be- 
coming an example to- its own progeny. 


The Foreign Office in Tokyo publishes a 
bi-monthly periodical containing trade re- 
ports from consuls abroad, but the reports 
are so belated that the public finds them of 
little service. We learn from the Jiji Shimpo 
that they are now to be issued every week. 
Of course that is an immense improvement. 
But our contemporary thinks that there is 
room for still further progress. Originally the 
publication was monthly ; now it is fort 
nightly and henceforth it will be weekly. But 
even the weekly numbers will lose much of 
their interest unless their contents are fresher 
That is the Jiji s criticism and we endorse it. 
For instance, lying before us at present is 
the number of the periodical issued on the 
25th of May. It opens with a Consular re- 
port from Vladivostock dated March 29th. 
That report must have been in the hands of 
the Foreign Office by the 7th or 8th of April 
and could easily have been given to the 

July 3; 

The cholera is not attacking many victims 
in Tokyo but it is certainly wide-spread. A 
case is now reported in the Hongo district, 
and thus, up to the present, the districts 
affected are Shitaya, Hongo, Honjo, Kanda, 
Nihonbashi, Kyobashi, Shiba, Kojimachi 
and Shinjuku. It has been decided to dis- 
infect all mail matters. 

The record from Saga since the beginning 
of the outbreak is 59 cases and 32 deaths. 

A telegram from Peking says that cholera 
has invaded the precincts of the Imperial 
Palace and that there have been many cases. 

% July 4- 

The record for the 3rd instant includes an 
outbreak on the night of the 2nd in the 
Fukuoka jail in Echizen, to which place 
the malady doubtless spread from the neigh- 
bouring prefecture of Saga. Thirteen of the 
prisoners were attacked. All public enter- 
tainments were interdicted in Fukuoka from 
the 3rd and vigorous measures of sanitation 
were adopted. 

There were no new cases in Tokyo on the 
3rd instant. But considerable alarm is felt 
lest the disease should invade the jails. 
Minute instructions have been issued to the 
prisoners and various precautionary steps 
have been taken. A similar course has 
been followed at the Government Printing 
Bureau where a very large number of men 
and women are employed. 

The number of cases in 
3rd instant was 15, of 

July 5. \ 

The cases of cholera in the Fukuoka jail 
have increased, so that the total up to the 
morning of the 4th instant was 28, of which 
5 ended fatally. 

There has also been a case at Hakata, in 
the same province of Chikuzen ; another at 
Fukushima in Awa, and cases are reported 
from Ehime, and Shizuoka. 

The Shitaya district in Tokyo reports two 
new cases. 

July 6. 

The epidemic is spreading among the 
prisoners in Fukuoka prison. Forty-five 
have been attacked since the outbreak. 

There has been a doubtful case in Moji, 
although strict precautions had been adopted 
with regard to vessels coming from the 
infected districts. 

In the town of Fukuoka three new cases 
cases are reported. 

Tokyo has had two cases since the last 
report. They occurred in the Kyobashi and 
the Akasaka districts. 

prison. From it we learn that tubs 
containing excreta of the patients were 
washed at 28 places in the river Ishido 
which flows through the town of Hakata, 
and that the municipal authorities of the 
latter, when they learned what had been 
done, caused carbolic acid to be immediately 
poured into the river. It is difficult to know 
which of these acts was the stranger. Un- 
doubtedly the prison officials responsible for 
such criminal negligence ought to be put on 
their trial for man-slaughter if any cases of 
cholera occur in Hakata, but as for the 
Hakata municipality and its despatch of a 
dose of carbolic acid to catch the polluted 
water that had already flowed down some 
hours, if not some days, previously. Horace's 
rustic was a wiseacre compared with them. 
Both stories seem to us exceedingly doubtful. 
There has been one more case of cholera 
Tokyo — in the Kyobashi district. The 
still held at bay by efficient 


disease is 

July 9- 


Cholera seems to be growing serious in 
Fukuoka prefecture. Fifteen new cases 
were reported on the 5th instant and seven 
on the 6th. Up to the latter day the total 
number of cases have been fifty. A female 
teacher in the Kurume Elementary School 
has died from the disease. Kurume seems 
to be the principal scat of the malady. 
Twenty persons were under treatment there 
at the date of latest advices. The Hakata 
jail, where such strangely insanitary per- 
formances were reported to have taken 
place, does not seem to have had any more 

The disease has also invaded Saitama 
prefecture and Wakayama prefecture, but 
only one patient is reported from each place. 

There has been another case in Tokyo, at 
Nakano-cho in the Asakusa district. 

The number of cases in the Fukuoka jail 
has now reached sixty, of which 1 2 have 
ended fatally. The death rate is exception- 
ally low, but it is terrible to think of a num- 
ber of men cooped up in a prison which such 
a malady has invaded. 

No new cases are reported in Tokyo. 

In Moji there has been one fresh case. 

Tokyo up to the 
which 12 ended 

July 10. 

The cholera is still held at bay in Tokyo. 
There has been only one more case — in 
Asakusa — but it ended fatally. 

In Fukuoka prefecture the town of Kita- 
nomachi in the Matsui district is suffering 
severely. Up to the 8th instant there had 
been 38 cases, 22 of them fatal. In the 
town of Fukuoka there were three new cases 
on the 8th instant, but happily the disease 
seems to have been checked in the jail. All 
the schools in the prefecture have been closed. 

Moji has had three cases up to date ; 
Nagasaki has had one new case, and Yok- 
kaichi also reports one. 


The Japan Times publishes 

public by the middle of April instead of the outbreak of cholera in 

a note about 
the Fukuoka 

Mr. Oda Tokuno, a renowned priest of 
the Shin sect, has j ust returned from travel- 
ling in India and China. He is represented 
as alleging that thirty of the Lama priests in 
the diocese of the Dalai Lama who recently 
visited Japan, have been bought by Russia, 
but he does not say what they are to give for 
the money. What a business Russia does in 
bribery and corruption, to be sure ! That 
fabulously huge fund that she is supposed to 
keep lodged in the strong boxes of her own 
clergy must be a veritable purse of Aladdin 
to stand the perpetual drain to which it is 

[July 12, 1902. 


We observe that the professor of veracity 
in Kobe now asks his ingenuous readers to 
believe that " so far from the United States 
Government declining to be a party to the 
arbitration " (about the house tax), " it has 
officially expressed a wish that the scope of 
the arbitration should embrace the question 
in dispute in all its bearings." That is very 
interesting. It is curious to find the 
American Government attempting to dic- 
tate the basis of an arbitration to which 
it is not a party. For whatever the 
Kobe professor of veracity may say 
to the contrary, the fact is beyond all 
dispute that the American Government has 
officially intimated its non- participation in 
the arbitration. Efforts have been made 
— very strenuous efforts — to induce it to 
change that decision, but thus far no change 
has been made. As to the scope of the 
arbitration embracing " the question in dis- 
pute in all its bearings," the professor of 
veracity himself would be puzzled to ex- 
plain his own meaning. The question in 
dispute is simple, whether or no foreign 
holders of perpetual leases are exempted 
by treaty from the obligation to pay local 
taxes on account of the buildings that stand 
on the leased property. This talk about 
" all its bearings " is mere embroidery with- 
out any genuine significance. Further the 
professor of veracity alleges that "American 
nationals refused to pay under protest," 
though instructed by their Government to do 
so, " for the excellent reason that the Japan- 
ese Government would not accept that form 
of payment, and they were distrained on like 
the rest." Is it pretended then that Ameri- 
can citizens tendered their payment under 
protest ? And is it pretended that the Japan- 
ese authorities were lying when they officially 
informed the United States Representative 
that such protest would be accepted ? The 
plain fact is that the professor of veracity 
is remarkably deficient in information, and 
that in his wholesale accusations of men- 
dacity against others he vividly illustrates 
Merlin's saying, " they that most impute a 
crime are pronest to it." 

thai " no one need apply " who has been 
educated at a private school or in foreign 
countries unless he has the good fortune to 
have secured the car of one of these coteries. 
The line now taken by the Yomiuri is that 
the result of favouritism has been to put 
incompetent men into posts of high respon- 
sibility. It is absurd, says our contemporary, 
to lay the blame entirely on the students — 
which, it will be observed, is exactly what 
the Department's Instruction does not do — , 
for obviously if the teachers were competent 
to win the respect and confidence of their 
pupils, all this insubordination would not be 
witnessed. Therefore the Educational Depart- 
ment is merely reaping as it has sown, and 
its post facto measures, as embodied in the 
last Instruction, give no hope of a radical 
remedy. It appears to us { Japan Mail), 
however, that in proclaiming the fault to lie, 
partly at any rate, with intrigues among the 
teachers, the Educational Department has put 
its finger upon a diseased spot hitherto un- 
noticed, and perhaps the true means of correc- 
tion have now been found. Meanwhile we can 
not but agree with the Yomiuri that the 
responsibility for these scholastic ententes lies 
primarily with the faculties of the schools. 
Such, at all events, would be the conclusion 
at once drawn in Europe if similar incidents 
occurred there. 


It is stated that negotiations are on foot to 
effect an union of the Tokyo and Shinagawa 
Electric Companies. The Shinagawa Com- 
pany has at present 6,000 customers and a 
regular income of 6,000 yen monthly. It has 
applications for 5,200 more lights, but it is 
not in a position to meet the demand with- 
out extending its works, whereas the Tokyo 
Company has plenty of spare power. Amal- 
gamation commends itself as the wisest 
course under the circumstances. 

It is stated that vehement opposition to 
the progress of the harbour-improvement 
scheme has developed in Nagasaki. Seve- 
ral of the officials of the harbour-works 
office have resigned, and the Mayor is ex- 
pected to follow their example. 


There is trouble in the Middle School of 
Hikone. This makes three cases within 
the past few weeks : the first in Miye pre- 
fecture, where the fault seemed to lie with 
the faculty of the school ; the second in 
Oita, where the students appeared to blame, 
and the third in Hikone, concerning the 
rights and wrongs of which it is difficult 
to judge. The Department of Education 
has issued an Instruction the gist of which is 
that students and faculties alike are culpable, 
and that Governors of prefectures should 
take steps to punish teachers found guilty of 
inciting students, and to punish students 
found guilty of planning strikes. The Koku- 
iihii ShiiHbutl interprets this to mean that 
one source of trouble is jealousy among 
teachers, so that the latter arc betrayed 
into forming cabals among the students. 
We observe that the Yomiuri Shimbun takes 
occasion to criticise the Educational Depart- 
ment very severely. That journal repre- 
sents a section of public opinion which 
has constantly maintained that the abuse 
of favouritism disfigures all the Depart- 
ment's doings ; that there are cliques 
among its officials who labour to promote 
the interests of their own proteges only, and 

On the 1st instant the Hokoku Maru, 
carrying 1,715 tons of granite, and bound for 
Vladivostock from Shimonoseki, ran aground 
at Mutsurc-jima. 

The committee for investigating the Japan- 
ese language has held nine meetings since 
its organization and has arrived at some 
decisions. For example, it has decided that 
a phonographic script must be employed, but 
whether it shall be kana or roiuaji remains 
to be settled. It has also decided that dif- 
ferences between the written language and 
the spoken language should be abolished, 
and that the system of etymology must be 
carefully revised. Another resolution is that 
the problem of local dialects must be ex- 
amined, and a standard dialect fixed. It will 
thus be seen that although the Committee has 
arrived at some very important decisions, it 
has still a very large amount of work before 
it. While making the above points its cardinal 
objects, it proposes also to lose no time in 
attacking the question of reducing the num- 
ber of ideographs in ordinary use and of 
establishing some kind of recognised literary 
style so as to do away with the flagrant dif- 
ferences presented even in the columns of 
leading newspapers, The epistolary style 
has also to be considered, that being one of 

the least intelligent formalisms of the Japan- 
ese language, and so have many other points 
which we need not weary our readers by 

The Hoehi SMmbun alleges that Mr. 
Sengoku, President of the Kiushiu Railway, 
has been able to announce to the share- 
holders that, as the result of Sir William 
Bisset's visit to Japan, British capitalists are 
prepared to lend a sum of twenty million 
yen on the security of the Hokuyetsu, the 
Kiushiu and the Ilankaku (Osaka and Mai- 
zuru) railways, provided that the necessary 
changes are made in the laws of the country. 
Our contemporary adds that a bill for that 
purpose will be introduced in the next 
session of the Diet, all the Ministers of 
State being agreed as to the advisability of 
such a measure. We are disposed to think- 
that the statement attributed by the Hochi 
to Mr. Sengoku may a little premature, but 
doubtless the laws arc the main obstacle. 

Telegrams from England say that Prince 
Komatsu was originally to have returned to 
Japan in September, having visited Madrid 
to offer congratulations to the new King of 
Spain. 1 lis Imperial Highness' plans have 
been disturbed, however, by King Edward's 
illness. He will now, having visited Madrid 
as originally planned, make a tour of the 
various countries of Europe, and if by that 
time King Edward is sufficiently recovered 
to hold the coronation ceremony, the Prince 
will attend it ; but should the ceremony be 
prolonged for any lengthy period, he will 
return to Japan without waiting for it. 

Mr. Fujita Shiro, formerly Vice-Minister 
of Agriculture and Commerce, has been 
appointed head of the recently formed silk- 
spinners' trust in Kyoto. The trust consists 
of six companies and has a capital of 
3,758,000 yen. Its dimensions certainly 
seem to be small but it claims to include all 
the companies engaged in this work in 
Japan. The trust has been very fortunate 
in securing the services of a man so able 
and energetic as Mr. Fujita. There is a 
general expectation that this movement will 
soon extend to the cotton-spinners also. 

The Foreign Languages School held its 
third graduation ceremony in the School 
buildings at Kanda, Tokyo, on the 5 th in- 
stant. Dr. Takakusu, when handing their 
certificates to the successful candidates, said 
that the French Representative, M. Dubail, 
had announced his intention of giving various 
prizes to the most distinguished students of 
the language and literature of France, but 
the prizes had been delayed in transit and 
were not yet to hand. The graduates num- 
bered 35 in English, 14 in French, 24 in 
German, 12 in Russian, 5 in Italian, 19 in 
Chinese, and 9 in Korean, or 115 in all. 

Telegrams from Washington say that 
Congress has risen without passing the ship 
subsidy bill, or the bill for restricting immi- 
gration, or the bill providing compensation 
for losses connected with sanitary measures 
in Hawaii. The Japanese have reason to 
congratulate themselves about the postpone- 
ment of the immigration bill, but it is cer- 
tainly a great harship that sufferers by the 
heroic measures of the Hawaiian authorities 
should have to wait three years for just 

Intelligence comes from Kure that a some- 
what serious disturbance took place at Kure 
during the night of the 7th instant. About 

July 12, 1902.] 

THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. Wfe»I^;j1frnS^fIB«»3"I 29 

seven hundred blue-jackets from men-of-war 
in harbour invaded three inns, smashed all 
the furniture and were with difficulty re- 
duced to order after nearly three hours' 
rioting. The trouble does not seem to have 
arisen out of drunkenness or a fight. The 
alleged cause is that the men were enraged 
because the inn-keepers had opposed the 
attendance of geisha at the entertainment 
recently given to British sailors. 

Jt appears that the blue -jackets' distur- 
bance in Kure was due, not to the failure of 
certain persons to supply geisha at the 
Anglo- Japanese entertainment, but to the 
supply of an inferior article. It will be 
necessary to have committees of selection in 
future on these occasion. A geigi-chosa i-in 
might have been the means of averting dis- 
aster from much furniture and many house- 
hold utensils in Kure. 

The torpedo-destroyer Asashiwo, which 
was recently handed over by her builders, 
received orders, it will be remembered, to 
remain in England for the purpose of taking 
part in the Coronation Ceremony together 
with the Takasago and the Asama. The 
destroyer has now been ordered to return to 
Japan, but the Asama and the Takasago are 
to remain for some time longer. 

Prince Komatsu was on his way to Mad- 
rid at the date of the latest advices, where 
he will offer the Emperor of Japan's congra- 
tulations on the coronation of King Alfonso, i 
and will hand to His Majesty the Grand 
Collar of the Chrysanthemum. Thence the 
Prince is to proceed to Rome and Berlin. 

Wakayama prefecture is now included in 
the circle of local corruption. Seven persons 
have been arrested there on charges of mis- 
appropriating public money or giving or 
taking bribes — namely, three members of 
the prefecture, two head-men and two con- 

A heavy flood is reported from Ashiwo 
village. Two lives were lost, nine persons 
injured and several houses overthrown or 
inundated. Whether the mines have suffer- 
ed is not stated. Presumably the Watarase 
River is the cause of the trouble. 

The Musashi having been successfully 
floated at Nemuro, underwent some tem- 
porary repairs, and was towed out by the 
Kasagi on the 7th instant, bound for Yoko- 
suka Docks. As to the Yayeyama, there is 
no further news about her. 

The Nippon confidently asserts that Ad- 
miral Ijuin has received orders to keep the 
'lakasago and the Asama at Sheerness until 
the date for the Coronation is fixed, and 
then to go for a cruise in European waters, 
returning to England in time to take part in 
the ceremony. That commends itself as a 
very wise course. 

A telegram from Shanghai says that 
twelve foreign children at the school in 
Chefoo have died from the effect of eating a 
chicken pie. It is possible that copper 
poisoning was the cause, but the telegram 
speaks of ptomaine, from which it would 
follow that putrid meat or eggs were used in 
making the pie. 

Among the names of lads passing the 
examination for six vacancies among the 
China Student-Interpreters we find the fol- 
lowing : — Penrhyn G. Jones ; George S. 
Moss ; and Edgar G. Jamieson. Mr. G. S. 
Moss, who stood second on the list, is a son 
of Mr. C. D. Moss, of Yokohama ; and Mr, 
Jamieson is a son of Mr. George Jamieson, 

for many years Her Majesty's Consul-Gene- 

ral in Shanghai. 

As the Secretary of the Imperial Chinese 
Legation was driving to the Foreign Office 
in Tokyo on the 8th instant, his horses tool' 

retain in lier own hands all the railway extensions in 
the metropolitan province. 

Peking, May 20. 
I The attempt of the Chinese Foreign Office to in- 
jure and weaken the inlluencc of Yuan Shih-kai and 
I Hu Yu-fen for signing the railway agreement with 
' Sir Ernest Satow, which is indisputably most advan- 

fright, and the carriage being overturned, ' tageous to China, is strongly criticized here. The 
Mr. Sien sustained severe injuries. 1 le was recommendation to the Hoard of Civil Appointments 
fr • 1 l that they should be reduced two steps 111 rank has 

taken to the Red Cross Hospital where, we , not | )Cen „ iven e( y ecl t0< nor wi jj j t be. the Court 

hear, he is doing well. j having had its eyes opened to the injustice attempt- 
ed. fipth officials have received the powerful sup- 

The Shinonomc was successfully floated port of Yung-lu. 
rr .1^1- tt ^ii China to-day 

on on the oth instant. Her armament had \ Ministers 

amount of damage sustained by the vessel. 


formally addressed the Foreign 
enclosing a copy of the agreement, and 
already been taken out of her and carried to j requesting their assent. M. Lessar still protests 
Saseho. The report of her floating is official, ' against the composition of the military co-directorate, 
but nothing has been published as to the which however, has worked harmoniously and satis- 

factorily since it was originally cieated by Count von 
Waldersee, with the approval of the allied com- 

Paris, May 19. 
The Temps regards the agreements relative to the 
railways in China concluded by Sir E. Satow as 
tantamount to the abrogation by England of the 
palicy of the open door. For although the Peking- 
Shan-liai-kwan Railway is Chinese, its shareholders 
and nine-tenths of its managers, engineers, and ser- 
vants arc English, and the preamble of the agreement 
of April 29 last declares tranquilly that that agree- 
ment is in the interests of British bondholders. The 
Temps admits that these conventions constitute what 
may be called "good war." in face of the policy 
of Germany and Russia ; and the journal thinks it 
quite natural that the United States, which has 
always clung tenaciously to the open door policy, 
should now protest with the other Powers. The 
Temps, however, has not the heart to be too severe 
against England, for it recognizes that trading in- 
terests are not so much at stake as political interests, 
and this accounts for the abandonment of the princi- 
ple of the open door. " What England wishes to 
prevent is the acquisition and consolidation by Russia 
of a political hegemony at Peking by the conquest of 
the railways. It is a continuation of the system that 
has already produced the Anglo-Japanese treaty 
of alliance." 

Brussels, May 20. 
The Brussels Press fully endorses the protest of 
the Belgian Charge d'Affaires in Peking on the rail- 
way question, and arguments are brought forward 
substantially the same as those of the 'Temps. The 
Independence Beige is chiefly concerned with the 
political consequences if the protest is disregarded, 
and thinks that England's action, as the natural out- 
come of the Japanese alliance, is likely to destroy the 
existing harmony of the Powers ; but, says the jour- 
nal, this might have been foieseen, and it is clearly 
the intention of the Cabinets of London and Tokyo 
to adopt a continual policy of pin-pricks with respect 
to the other Powers. 

Peking, May 25. 
Following the method adopted by some foicign 
nations in their diplomatic dealings with China, 
whereby the nation requires compensation for w ith- 
drawing an untenable claim, Belgium has expressed 
her willingness to withdraw her objection to the 
recent railway agreement between Great Britain and 
China provided she is granted a concession at Han- 
kau at the terminus of the Peking-Hankau Railway. 
When the concession was previously sought China 
refused it. 

This question is so interesting, so im- 
portant and so illustrative, that we collect 
for our readers' information the details so far 
as they have been published by The Times: — 

Peking, May 16. 

The recent agreement signed by Sir Finest Satow, 
Hu Yu-fen, and Yuan Shih-kai defining the condi- 
tionsfor restoring the Peking — Shan-hai-kwan railway 
to the Chinese civil administration has evoked opposi- 
tion from several Powers. One clause, signed on be- 
half of the British and Chinese Corporation, who 
issued a loan in 1898, for which this railway was the 
security, stipulates that any branch or extension built 
within 80 miles of this railway shall be built by the 
Imperial Chinese railway administration, and then 
emphasizes and confirms the words of Article ~\ of 
the corporation agreement of October 10, 1898, 
,that if the funds of the administration are insufficient 
for the purpose the latter shall apply to the corpora- 
tion. The recent agreement specifies as examples of 
such lines railways from Tung-chau to Tong-shan, 
from Tien-tsin to Paoting-fu, and from Peking to the 
Great Wall. 

An objection was first lodged by Belgium, who in 
railway matters in China can count upon the support 
of the French Legation. Belgium avers that while 
the peace negotiations between all the Powers weie 
proceeding Li Hung-chang, on April 9, 1901, gave a 
formal undertaking that the Tien-tsin-Fao-ting-fu 
line, if built, would be constructed by the Peking 
and Han-kau Railway Syndicate on the same terms 
and conditions as the trunk line, and also declares that 
the recent agreement was signed without the know- 
ledge of the Chinese Foreign Office ; for so the 
Foreign Office, eager in the Chinese way 10 shift the 
responsibility elsewhere, informed the Belgian Charge 
d'Affaires. Obviously, even if the undertaking was 
given by Li Hung-chang, a contention which is em- 
phatically disputed, the event was long subsequent 
to the rights granted to the corporation in 1898. An 
objection has also been lodged by Russia, w ho pro- 
tests that the conditions governing the construction 
of the railway from Peking to the Great Wall violate 
yet another of the multitudinous prior engagements, 
mostly signed by Li Hung-chang and concealed in 
the Russian archives in Peking. 

May 18. 

The railway question, about which I telegraphed 
on Friday, continues to be the Subject of some inter- 
est in Peking. It is instructive as showing the hope- 
less weakness of the Chinese Foreign Office under 
the irresolute guidance of Prince Ching. 

The recent agreement signed on April 29th was 
signed with the Imperial sanction and the full 
approval of Yung-lu, Prince Ching, and other high 
officials. M. Lessar, having first made a petulant 
verbal protest, has w ritten within the last few days a 
despatch attacking Yuan Shih-kai and Hu Yu-fen 
and complaining that within three weeks of the 
signing of the Manchuria Convention China should 
sign an agreement disregarding the prior rights of 
Russia. The Foreign Office, frightened, memorial' 
i/ed the Throne, blaming Yuan Shih-kai and Hu- 
Yu-fcn. A secret edict was immediately issued 
censuring these two officials and commanding the 
Board of Civil Appointments to determine a suitable 
penalty, and they now stand, while still retaining 
office, degraded two steps in rank. 

On Saturday Prince Ching approached Sir Ernest 
j Satow, requesting him to 
I the agreement in order to 


There were three yacht races on Saturday after- 
noon, one for 39-raters, another for the cruising 
class, and a third for the 21-raters, which is report- 
ed elsewhere. 

The 39-raters raced over the Kawasaki-PIon- 
moku course, with the result that Mary won the 
Commodore's Cup, the second prize going to 
Maid Marion. Following were the corrected 
times : — 

Mary 5. 19. 2 5 

Kingfisher — 

Golden Hind — 

Maid Marion 5.27. 50 

The cruising class had a race over the Naga- 
hnma course — or perhaps it would be correct to 
say that they raced over part of it but the wind 

consent to the revision of I was so u 'g ht t,lat 01lIv one of t,lem went over t,ie 
ppease Russia, but the ' whole distance and she finished at 6h. 47m. 30s. 

emphatic refusal given will help to convince Cuna corrected time, and so won the Racing Com- 
that we shall stand no nonsense. Our position is mjttee's Clip 
unassailable, the agreement was prior to M. Lessar's 
interview with the feeble Prince Ching, and was un- 
animously approved by the Chinese as being the best I 
possible in the interests of China, enabling her 



[July 12, 1902. 


VJR. BALFOUR seems to have virtually 
apologised for Lord CHanborne's blun- 
der in describing the incidents that led to tlie 
Anglo-Japanese alliance. There was no- 
thing else to be done. Lord CRANBORNE 
made a mistake, and confession alone could 
extenuate his tactlessness. The public would 
be interested in learning what he had in 
mind when he said that England does not 
seek such alliances but grants them, and to 
satisfy that interest an explanation from 
Lord Cranborne himself would have been 
desirable. But apparently the Government 
thought that no explanation could be com- 
plete or even palliative, and that the wisest 
course was to atone for the error by a state- 
ment in the opposite sense. The trouble is 
that in the absence of some suggestion from 
Lord Cranijorne the Japanese will natural- 
ly imagine that he expressed the opinion 
not of himself alone but of many English- 
men when he represented the alliance as a 
kind of concession on England's part. The 
best answer to that, however, is the recep- 
tion given to the news of the alliance at the 
outset by the press of Great Britain and by 
men of all parties. The arrangement was 
welcomed with a degree of heartiness that 
removed all possibility of doubt as to the 
view taken of it in Great Britain. But of 
course there are malcontents on every 
occasion of national importance. Japan has 
her own malcontents in this instance, politi- 
cians and publicists who claim that the 
alliance was an error as tending to antagonize 
Russia, and who go so far as to allege that 
if an alliance was to be made, Russia should 
have been the party chosen instead of Eng- 
land. It is conceivable that if the exponents 
of that view undertook to heckle the 
Japanese Government in the Diet, the 
former's delegate might, in an unguarded 
moment, be betrayed into saying that Russia 
did not seek an alliance whereas England did. 
Englishmen would of course object to be 
depicted as looking out, cap in hand, for in- 
ternational compacts of any kind, and then 
we should have the Japanese Government 
acting the part of apologist. In a word the 
situation now existing in England might 
easily exist in Japan mutatis mutandis. There 
is no blinking the fact that racial prejudice is 
not dead in England. It is scarcely even 
moribund. There are many Englishmen to 
whom the Orient is still, and probably will 
always be, the Orient, with all the objec- 
tionable attributes and disqualifications at- 
taching to that term in the eyes of men in- 
capable of conceiving anything wholesome 
or tolerable outside the realm of Christianity. 
The fact is very unpleasant, but it is fact 
nevertheless, and statesmen have to deal 
with it. We do not pretend that they ought 
to deal with it in the manner chosen by 

Lord CRANBORNE, but we do say that a found the door locked and poor Mr. Swan at 

statesman may easily be pushed beyond the , lar S e inside tne apartment. Before he could 

,. c n [ , . * , , . ,„ . be put under restraint he had broken various 

limits of fine tact when he finds himself in articles in the room and had put his bead 

the presence of such a prejudice. No Japan- through a window, causing injury to his lefl 

ese can honestly pretend to think that his own ' f/ C wl '" h , ,f . te . h * d J iv f ed WOllld , JW*«My 
J 1 "" . have seriously impaired that organ. These are, 

country is free from cognate prejudices. They we believe, the facts of the case and while it 

abound here as they do everywhere, though : m ^ , be admitted tllat 1,is momentary restlessness 

... 7 and the injury that he sustained added < 

their expression is less overt than it is in the 
West. England and Japan must take each 

other as they are. When all is said and ! S^LJSS^ T^T '"fV^T? 

and be co "pelted to leave her patient s bedside 

one point 

to the odds in favour of his ailment and against 
the Operation designed to cure it, the fact thai Ins 

done the alliance was remarkable chiefly be- 
cause the proudest and most conservative 
country in Europe first adopted the un- 
precedented course of clasping hands with 
an Eastern State on equal terms. Let us 
not forget that feature of the incident. One 
side or the other had, of course, to take the 
initiative. History will tell us by and by 
which took it, and may perhaps attach to 
that initiative some import hurtful to the 
pride of one of the contracting parlies. But 
it must always remain certain that the 
Japanese themselves, as well those who had 
watched Japan most closely and with keenest 
interest, did not believe her to be so close to 
complete emancipation from the bonds of 
Oriental disqualification as the alliance proved 
her to be. There must of necessity be an 
aliquid amari in connexion with such an in- 
cident, and we believe that all sensible 
Japanese will regard Lord CRANBORNE's 

peueu 10 leave ner p 
iscommented upon with much emphasis. Residents 
interested in Mr. Swan have called the incident 
by severe language. Doubtless the general public, 
whatever terms it may employ, will agree that the 
matter calls for attention from those in authority. 

Alter the operation Mr. Swan's case, with the 
exception of the occurrence above noted, seemed 
to be satisfactory, but on Wednesday unfavour- 
able symptoms appeared, ami the discovery that 
part of the intestine was adhering to the peri- 
toneal wall rendered necessary a supplementary 
operation, which took place at noon. Primarily 
intended to relieve the patient from suffering and 
offering only the faintest hope of recovery, this 
succeeded in the first object, but Mr. Swan 
continued to sink. Me was conscious during the 
afternoon and sanguine as to his case, but lost 
sensibility towards the end and passed away, as 
we have said, about 9.30 in the evening. 

Mr. Swan was a graduate of the University of 
California at Berkeley and came out to Japan in 
the autumn of 1899, chiefly on- account of his 
health, but also to enter upon an engagement to 
teach English in the Higher Commercial School 
at Kanda, in Tokyo. His services were much 
appreciated and a Fourth Class Decoration 
was conferred upon him. Some three months ago 
he was appointed Secretary of the Yokohama 

utterance and the opinion it expresses as the Engine and Iron Works > and eve11 duri % r the 

short time of his employment had afforded his 

sacrifice that must be made by their country 
to superabundant good fortune. 


employers the best of reasons for congratulation 
upon their choice. Mr. Swan's parents are dead 
but a sister and brother live in California. His 
modest and unassuming manner and his fine dis- 
position had won for him the respect of all with 
whom he came in contact, and the sad circum- 
stances of his death render the event peculiarly 
distressing to his many friends. 


Canon Dalton's most interesting paper at 
the Royal Colonial Institute on the Prince 
of Wales' recent Colonial tour contained one 

We announce with deep regret the death about 
9.30 on Wednesday night in the Ceneral Hospital, 
Yokohama, of Mr. Earle C. Swan, upon whom an 
operation for appendicitis was performed last 
Saturday afternoon. Mr. Swan had been ill only 
a few days when his medical adviser, Dr. Munro, 
decided that surgical treatment was necessary, but 
it was later resolved to postpone it and in the 
interval an abscess formed and burst internally. 

The news of his demise at the early age of 25 will I rema rkable passage. Discussing the 

come as a shock to the community which saw, I i . ' n c T , . 0 , 

, f ,• -. ,1 j f 1 ! enthusiastic reception of the Prince and 

or read of, him as it were the other day, in full', . urn 1 r 1 1 

health and manly vigour engaging in the Athletic j Princess at Melbourne, he referred to the 
Sports on the Cricket Ground and had been ac- j cosmopolitan nature of the population, and 
customed to regard him as a most prominent figure | continued : 

in local baseball. The deceased gentleman, indeed, I At the time all were full of the greatness of Aust- 
was Captain of Baseball in the Y.C. and A.C. and [ ralia, and the illimitable future that awaited her 
would but for his unfortunate illness have pitched : " advance." There was an unexpressed sense per- 
in the match with the Commercial School on the \ ^P 8 in „ lhe background " one fleet, one flag, one 
„ . , T , a, * . . I throne would sustain them and add to their trreat- 

Fourth of July, as well as in the return match . but it was a remarkable thing that no note of 
which had been fixed for to-morrow, but will now ; imperial union was struck in any local public mani- 
be postponed. j festo during the opening week of the Commonwealth. 

Considerable comment has been evoked by an ! h is idle !° conce; : 1 f™m oneself that there exists a 
,, , . , . , 1 . . . i strong undercurrent of Republican aspiration in 

occurrence on Monday morning, which, while it is j Aust £lia, chiefly, perhaps, in Victoria and New South 
admitted had probably very little if any effect Wales. If only they could feet thoroughly persuaded 
upon Mr. Swan's general condition, is yet eon- that they would be powerful enough to stand alone, 
demned very emphatically. A foreign nurse was in there are many in the rising generation — amongst 
, charge of the case and as is usual her place was j whom those of non-British blood are by no means a 
j taken by a Japanese nurse when she had to leave the negligible quantity— who would be eagerly ambitious 
patient and obtain a few hours of rest. Mich an >' : '» independent Australia thus n, take its place 
1 1 at j • . j anion? the other great nations of the world. But 

occasion occurred on Monday morning, a trusted lnen g ermanv [ap 8 anj and FranGe hiwe mtcl . csts in 

I Japanese attendant being left with the case. It be- j tne Pacific which they cannot but perceive are too 
. coming necessary to obtain and -administer certain likely to clash with the part ihpy are anxious for 

medicine to the patient this nurse rang for assist- ! Australia to play ; nevertheless the younger patriots 
I ance. No oneresponded. She rang, it is said, half sometimes indulge a vague hope that a friendly Re- 
i a dozen times and yet no one came. Deeming it P ub J ic lh f other side "'KhJ nelp them to formulate 
1 , , . , • 1, ,1 . .r 1, ,,i,i a Monroe doctrine tor that Ocean, though at present 

abso ute y mdispensa > e that the medicine should , . . r . • , & _ , ■', . , ,„ 

1 , , 1 % rt 1 , i , • 11 diey have no fleet ol their own, and are not likely to 

be secured she left the room quietly and hurriedly , i;u . e one for some lime t() Ci , me The m;l j ol i ty of 

'strove to execute her errand. Put her patient, the mor*thoughtful Australians regard such views as 
under die influence of sudden pain, rose as soon idle vapburings, or at best as a sign of the nation's 
as she had gone and when she returned she m&nnishness rather than manhood. 

july 12, 1902.] 

The japan weekly mAil. wmK3L*^nmm^m®m®isM 31 




The addresses delivered by Mr. Darmapala in 
various places in Japan have already been briefly 
noticed in these columns. We find reported in the 
Nippon a lecture given by him at the Imperial 
University on 'Tndian Religion, past and present," 
which seems to have awakened a good deal of 
interest. The Nippon informs us that Mr. Dar- 
mapala is the son of a rich Ceylon merchant and 
that he has devoted himself to religion since he 
was 20 years of age. He is now 37. He has 
travelled extensively in Europe and America, and 
this is his third visit to Japan. Japanese religion 
being closely connected with the Indian forms of 
belief embodied in Buddhism, what Mr. Darma- 
pala»has to say on the religious belief of his fel- 
low-countrymen naturally attracts a good deal of 
attention in this country. The following is the 
substance of his lecture as reported in the Nippon: 
No one but an Indian can thoroughly understand 
the real state of the religious belief and feeling in 
India. All that is oldest and most philosophical 
in India has been embodied in her religions. 
Before Shaka's time Indian religion had two pro- 
minent characteristics : (1) the importance it at- 
tached to ceremony ; (2) the high regard in which 
it held a life of contemplation and thorough isola- 
lation from the world. From very ancient times 
incense was burnt, flowers presented in honour 
of the gods, and numerous ablutions performed, 
rendering life one round of ceremonies. Then 
the notion that suffering in this life voluntarily 
undergone was a sure way of insuring bliss in 
the next was so strongly held that in all parts 
of the country men taxed their ingenuity to 
discover new methods of self-cast igation. Men 
were to be seen suspended to trees for hours at a 
time, crawling along the road on their bellies in 
a most abject manner, or with one hand raised 
high in the air and kept that way day and night. 
These conditions still exist to-day to a very great 
extent. Prior to Shaka's time in addition to the 
above there existed a caste system which taught 
that the Brahmans only are worthy of high esteem; 
all other classes are to be despised. It was one 
of the objects of Shaka's life to break down the 
barriers that divided the members of the human 
family resident in India. The essence of Shaka's 
teaching was the necessity of our getting to know 
self, and of our being able to get rid of self. To 
become entirely unselfish, this is to enter para- 
dise. There are those who think that the essence 
of Buddhistic teaching is cessation from effort of 
all kinds. But when Shaka was asked what was 
the leading feature of his doctrine he replied 
"activity." The life of the dreamer and the 
recluse is not in accordance with the real teach- 
ing of Shaka. Disgust with the world and gene- 
ral pessimism are supposed to be the result of 
Buddhist teaching, but they are rather to be traced 
to an imperfect understanding of Shaka's real 
mind. In modern times Japan has become the 
chief centre of Buddhism. I have spent much 
time in pleading the cause of Buddhism in vari- 
ous countries : in Siam, Annam, Burmah and 
elsewhere, but in none of these countries are there 
such ho|>eful signs as I find here. Japan must 
utilize her position among the leading nations 
of the world for the propagation of Buddhism. 
I should like to see her sending Missionaries to 
Western countries. There are in America a 
number of people that wish to become Buddhists, 
but there are only three Buddhist priests in 
the whole country. . . . Japan, while show- 
ing great activity in military, commercial and 
industrial affairs, is asleep as regards religion. 
The young Buddhists of Japan have it in their 
power to make a great stir in the world if they 
will only rise to the occasion. 

it is important to state briefly just what they do 
teach and thus the public will be placed in a 
position to form a correct estimate of the character 
of the sect as a whole. Their teaching may be 
conveniently arranged under 12 heads (1) The 
Mormons believe in a Divine revelation. They 
hold that at no time in the history of the world 
has this revelation ceased, nor will it cease in the 
future. (2) In interpreting the Bible they strictly 
adhere to the rules of what is known as historical 
exegesis. They reject infant baptism but baptize 
converts from other sects. (3) The orthodox 
doctrine of the Trinity they consider a mathe- 
matical and logical contradiction. In its stead 
they hold that God's nature is divided into 3 sec- 
tions : intelligence, feeling and parts (buburi). They 
believe that God formerly resided on the earth. 
•' As man now is, God once was, as God now is, 
man may become." (4) They agree with the 
teaching of Origen and with the Universalists in 
the matter of the universality of salvation. 
(5) They hold that there is no harm whatever 
in the worship of idols as long as it is sincere. 
They maintain that the worship of the absolute, 
a Being without parts, or feeling — such as ordi- 
nary Christians profess to carry on — is impossible. 
Since in worshipping idols some manifestation of 
deity is being worshipped, the practice is to be 
commended as preferable to bowing down before 
mere emptiness. Abstract qualities, they hold, 
are not suitable objects of worship. (6) In 
morals they regard the rewards and blessings 
which people receive in this world as the effects 
of traceable causes. But they maintain that no 
conduct in this life will prevent final salvation. 
(7) As regards their own practice, polygamy 
has been abolished. But they hold that it is 
encouraged by the teaching of the Bible. (8) 
Their church organisation is of a primitive type. 
They have apostles, prophets, elders, pastors, 
ministers, evangelists, interpreters and healers of 
disease. They believe in modern miracles. (9) 
Following the practice of the early apostles, they 
follow a trade while teaching religion. Ministers 
receive no pay from the church. They main- 
tain themselves by hard work. (10) Their views 
generally may be described as highly optimistic. 
They therefore do not regard theatre-going, danc- 
ing or any other innocent form of amusement as 
displeasing to God. (n) Notwithstanding laxity 
in other pleasures, they condemn smoking and 
drinking and even the use of coffee and other 
exciting stimulants. (12) They are no believers 
in dogma, but advocate a commonsense religion 
founded on Bible teaching. Whether Mormonism 
will succeed in Japan it is impossible as yet to 
say, concludes Mr. Hiroi. But it should be given 
as fair a chance of success as any other form of 
Christianity. Let it be judged on its own merits 
and let there be no attempt to stir up narrow- 
minded prejudice against it. 

The Chuo-koron informs us that the Buddhists 
have been busily devising means for influencing the 
general elections to be held in August. Accord- 
ing to the regulations now in force neither Budd- 
hist nor Shinto priests are allowed to interfere 
with the elections in any way or to offer them- 
selves as candidates. Subordinating their religion 
to political considerations, some 30 priests early 
in the month of May resigned their offices, 
became laymen and, armed with letters of recom- 
mendation from various well-known priests, set to 
work to influence the voting public in their 
favour, but their scheme was discovered and the 
Government are now taking steps to frustrate 
their designs. The Chuo-koron takes this episode 
as an occasion for giving a sketch of the Buddhist 
connection with the Diet in past years. On the 
pretence that in the first Diet there were pro-Chris- 
tian members who would be likely to favour 

anti-Buddhist legislation, some six or seven priests 
In the Chub-kbron appears a long defence of! succeeded in obtaining seats. But, contrary to 
Mormonism from the pen of a Mr. Hiroi. This 1 expectation, the members of the Diet kept clear 
writer is of opinion that the merits of this form of j of the subject of religion altogether. They 
Christian belief have not been recognised by the neither condemned Buddhism nor recommended 
Japanese nation. Very few people know any- Christianity, and so the would-be Buddhist ad- 
thing about the Mormon teaching, says Mr. Hiroi. | vocates had no occasion to speak, and their 
Mormons are said to be polygamists and that is electors, seeing this, felt that they had been some- 
considered sufficient to make inquiry into their what hoaxed. Consequently in the second Diet 
doctrines unnecessary. Under these circumstances there was a great falling off in sacerdotal mem- 

bers, Wakahara Kwanzui being the only priest 
chosen. Dissolution followed dissolution, result- 
ing in the Diet being left without any representa- 
tive of the priesthood. The Religions' Bill pre- 
sented to the fourteenth Diet revived the interest of 
the Buddhists in legislation. Their discreditable 
connection with the steps taken to get that Bill 
rejected are too well-known to need notice here.* 
The object of the Buddhists who are candidates 
for election now is no doubt the passing of a bill 
in favour of giving State aid to Buddhism. But 
what chance is there of their being able to carry 
out a project of this kind ? The spirit of the age 
is altogether against any such narrow-minded 
policy. The very fact that the Buddhists adopt 
such means for making their influence felt shows 
to how small a degree they are actuated by reli- 
gious feeling. Is it not questionable whether these 
traders in prayers and charms should be regarded 
as religious at all ? In what do they differ from 
hawkers of other wares ? f Why then do 
they need any special representation in the 
Diet more than other business men ? There is no 
objection to Buddhists becoming politicians in an 
ordinary way with purely political objects in 
view, but the attempt to further the interests of 
Buddhism by means of the Diet had better be 
abandoned, as all such schemes are doomed to 
failure in this 35th year of Meiji. 

Under the title of " Knightly Ways and 
Christianty," the Tokyo Maishu Shinshi discusses 
the connection of Christianity with the code of 
morals known as Bushido in this country. To a 
certain extent this organ endorses the views of 
Mr. Togawa on the connection of the samurai 
class with the propagation of Christianity, which 
we stated in the last Summary, but the Maishu . 
Shinshi observes that a more important question 
than that treated by Mr. Togawa is the extent to 
which the mediaeval warrior, whose character has 
contributed the principal qualities that go to 
make the modern gentleman, needs Christian 
teaching and Christian influences. In Europe the 
modern gentleman is, in a word, a Christ- 
ianized mediaeval knight, says the Maishu 
Shinshi. Will our Japanese Bushido furnish 
the same type of man without the help of 
any religion ? We trow not. Great efforts are 
being made in various quarters to revive interest 
in the Bushido, but those who rely on this moral 
code for the reform of manners and ways propose 
to divest it of those elements of Confucianism 
which helped to supply its deficiencies in former 
years, and certainly have no intention of 
introducing Christian elements in their stead. 
The chivalry of the "West was for many centuries 
characterised by three qualities : (1) Courage ; 
(2) integrity and sincerity ; (3) the fear of God. 
This last element is altogether wanting in the 
Bushido it is sought to revive among us. It is 
the duty of Christians to use the spirit of chivalry 
as a basis for developing a thoroughly Christian 
type of character. 

* * * 

In No. 982 the Tokyo Maishu Shinshi points 
out that in late years there has been a great fal- 
ling off as far as Protestant churches are concern- 
ed in the annual rate of increase of converts. 
The figures for the Congregational churches 
given are as follows: — No. of baptisms in 1894, 
204 ; in 1895, r,o27 ; in 1896, 2,801 ; in 1897, 
1,040; in 1898, 670; in 1899, 420; and in 
1900, 475. There is no other Protestant church, 
says the Maishu Shinshi, which shows a record 
of this kind, but the experience of most of the 
churches has been that the zenith of prosperity 
was reached in 1896, and that from then till last 
year there was a gradual decline. The Episcopal 
church members have been better sustained than 
any other body. In 1896 they had 889 baptisms, 
but in 1900 the number had not fallen below 
722. The evangelistic efforts of the spring of 
last year resulted in such an addition to the num- 
ber of professing Christians, as has not been 
known for many years, and though this year's 

i: It was reported at the time that a sum of 600,000 
yen was used in bribing members of the Diet in con- 
nection with that bill. — (WRITES OF SUMMARY.) 

f The term applied to them is Toka* 
kybya " Scripture-reading tradesmen," 

32 RqtflttiH'H^ tit El .flJH«««!«»J8iiI 


[July 12, 1902. 

be satisfied. It runs thus : — Katana no ha no 
hayashi no shita ni ichi zainin ari. Sow ki no 
uye wo miteba, uruwashiki fujin art', zainin sono 
ki ni nohoran io si/. Ki no ha, katana 110 gotoku 
shite, waga niku wo saki, hone wo kudakv. Yoya- 
ku nobori mireba, fujth 10a sude ni kudarite 
chi ni ari ; sono fujin koburu metsuki nite 
yonde, iwaku: — Nanji wo omoi/te, koko ni i/ant ; 
naze kitari chikazukazaru, to. Zainin kikite, yoku 
no kokoro sakan nari ; sunawachi ki yori ki/darc- 
6a, kano onna viata knouye niarite thaneku Kaku 
no gotoki koto hyaku, sen no oku no toshi nari.* 
There is a striking similarity between this picture 
of ungratified passion and Dante's description of 
the sad experience of Franceses. 

What difference there is between Dante's repre- 
sentation and that of Genshin proceeds from the 
fact that Date was more than half a poet and 
twisted his religious belief to make it serve the 
purpose of his art, says the Seishinkai ; whereas 
Genshin had nothing of the poet in him and his 
object in writing was wholly religious and moral. 
Dante's type of sinners embraces a greater variety 
than are mentioned by Genshin. With the latter 
the thief, the murderer, and the adulterer are pre- 
sented in a somewhat abstract form and subjected 
to the most exquisite torture conceivable. The 
Seishinkai concludes its comparison with the 
remark that descriptions of heaven and hell, such 
as those furnished by the two writers quoted 
above, were no doubt suggested by the desirability 
of working on the feelings of men in order to 
induce them to do what is right and avoid what 
is wrong. That the states described have any 
objective reality nobody but the most ignorant 
believes, but as displaying the tortures to which 
the mind may be subjected in the case of highly 
sensitive natures they are undoubtedly valuable. 

* * 

Writing in the Jinja (jjitjl ttfr) Kyokai Zasshi, 
Dr. Inoue Tetsujiro attributes the lack of care in 
preserving shrines to foreign influence. In an 
article entitled. " The rank in Society of Shinto 
shrines," he says that these places are re- 
garded as sacred spots by all right-thinking 
Japanese, that for public recreation the grounds 
attached to them have considerable value, that 
for artistic purposes the shrines are useful, and 
that their connection with the whole history 
of the nation should not be forgotten. In addi- 
tion to the above they constitute a bond of 
union between parishioners. They have associa- 
tions which make them dearer to the hearts 
of Japanese than anything introduced from 
abroad. Since it became the fashion to wor- 
ship everything Occidental, continues Dr. Inoue 
in his wonted quasi anti-foreign style, these 
Shinto shrines have been neglected and allowed 
to get out of repair. This shows slavery of mind 
on our part. Dr. Inoue concludes by observing 
that in addition to the employment of other 
means of keeping up these shrines, the characters 
of the priests who have charge of them need to 
be improved. 


The Greek Church organ, the Seikyo Shimpo, in 
an article entitled, " The Self-instruction and self- 
support of religious teachers," voices a complaint 
which we have come across in various Christian 
magazines as to the insufficiency of the means of 
support possessed by religious teachers in Japan. 
It is impossible, says the Seikyd Shimpo, for reli- 
gious people to live apart from the world if 
I hey wish to spread Christianity. They find 
that the more exclusively they devote them- 
selves to their sacred calling the harder it 
becomes to live. Of course retirement from 
society is a course that may be easily adopted. 

* " In a forest beneath a tree whose every leaf was 
a sword was a certain criminal. On looking up he 
perceived a beautiful woman on the top of the tree. 
He made ready to ascend the tree, but its leaves were 
like swords. They cut open his flesh and broke his 
bones. But when at last he reached the top, the 
woman which he had seen there had already des- 
cended, and, beneath the tree, with admiring eyes, 
she said : ' By thinking of you I have come to this. 
Why don't you come near to me ? Hearing this 
the criminal's desires became intense ; but on des- 
cending from the tree, he found that the woman was 
again at the top, and beckoning to him there. This 
went on for millions upon millions of years." 

results are not likely to be quite so good, they 
will certainly bring a substantial increment to 
the ( Christian church. 

The Tokyo A/aish/i Shinshi, commenting 
on the Annual Methodist Conference, held in 
May (14th — 21st) says: — The Methodist report 
for the year shows remarkable progress. The 
increase in members was 323, that is, 12 per cent, 
of the total number of numbers belonging to that 
church. The addition to the number of Sunday- 
school children was 249, or about 10 per cent, of 
the total number of scholars. The total number 
of baptisms was 338, being more than double the 
number recorded last year. 

In reference to the class of buildings used for 
religious purposes which should be exempted 
from taxation, there has been some correspond- 
ence between the Governor of Tokyo and the 
Home Office, the Maisku Shinshi tells us. It 
was quite clear that churches being used ex< lu- 
sively for religious purposes should be free from 
taxation, but in the case of what are known as 
Sekkyojo (preaching places) and Kbgijo (lecturing 
places) there was some doubt, owing to the fact 
that in many cases private houses are used for 
such purposes. The Governor of Tokyo seems 
to have considered it difficult to allow of the 
exemption of these buildings from taxation when 
used by Christians, seeing that Buddhist and 
Shinto buildings of the same class have not 
hitherto beeen free from taxation. But the Home 
Office has treated the matter in a very liberal 
spirit, and has given directions that the class of 
buildings in question shall all be exempted no 
matter to what religious sect they belong. 

Writing on "Catholicism and Equality" the 
A'ove says: It is represented in some quarters 
that our religion is opposed to the principles 
of equality, fraternity, and liberty, but it is not so. 
No organization in the world has done more to 
bring about a state of equality and to promote 
brotherly feeling than our Church. Following 
the example of Christ, who washed his disciples 
feet and exhorted his disciples to be ready to 
serve each other in the same way, the early 
Christians both taught and practised lowliness of 
spirit and preached the equality of all men in the 
sight of God. All who assemble in our churches 
are regarded as equal while there. This equality 
of Christians was taught by St. Paul, who found 
fault with the Corinthians for practising a con- 
trary principle. 

Yo no Katei-Kwan is the title of a book cover- 
ing 92 pages lately published by L'Abbe F. 
Ligneul. It consists of a sketch of ideal home 
life considered from a Christian standpoint. The 
work is divided into eight chapters. Chap. I. ex- 
plains the principle that forms the basis of high-class 
home life. The chapter opens with the remark that 
there never has been a time when the desire for 
reform, progress and improvement of every kind 
was stronger than it is now, but in a great many 
cases the changes urged or actually made are 
only superficial. The world is capable of 
improvement in endless ways, but the elevation 
of home life is specially to be desired on account 
of its bearing on the after-life of the members of 
various families. The author then goes on to 
show how the character of the home is a reflec- 
tion of the characters of the man and the woman 
who control it and there follows an account of 
the virtues these persons should cultivate. The 
titles of the following chapters are: Chap. II. — 
The Home in ancient times. Chap. III. — Changes 
in the Home. This refers to historical changes 
in the relation and attitude of the members of 
families to each other in Europe, more specially 
of the man to the woman. Chap. IV. — General 
discussion of Marriage. Chap. V. — The marriage 
system prevailing in ancient times. Chap. VI. — 
The marriage system of modern times. Chap. 
VII. — The reason of woman's power and the ob- 
ject it has in view. Chap. VIII. — The nature and 
object of marriage. This work is for sale at the 
Sanseisha at 20 sen a copy. 

Another little book by the same author is 
entitled Mushugi, Mujinibutsu, the contents of 
which formed the substance of lectures delivered 

by L'Abbe F. Ligneul some little time ago. 
THe gist of the pamphlet is stated in the title. 
There can be no striking personality withoul 
character-forming principles as a basis. What 
persons are "to be most admired, the character 
these persons bear, what principles should guide 
Jus in life, and how learning and experience are 
connected with these principles — these form the 
'chief topics of discussion in this little work. 
I The final chapter discusses the possibility of found- 
I ing a new religion. The conclusion the author 
I reaches on this subject may be easily conjectured. 
The notion which has been fathered by Dr. Inoue 
Tetsujiro and a few others is ridiculed as display- 
ing ignorance of the fundamental character and 
objects of true religion. The Mushugi, Ajujiti- 
butsu sells at 5 sen a copy at the Sanseisha. Mr. 
Mayeda Chola is the translator of the two works 
mentioned above. 

Mr. Ebina Danj6 has just published a book that 
is characterised by the earnest, philosophical tone 
which seem to be inseparable from all Mr. Ebina's 
public utterances. It is called Teikoku no Shin- 
seimei (The New-life of the Empire) The follow- 
ing headings of chapters give one an idea of the 
character of the book. Chap L Introduction. II. 
Our Living God. III. The strength of the world. 
IV. The position of the " I " (the single individual) 
in the Universe. V. The source of energy (of 
mind) VI. The union of knowledge and conduct. 
VI. The belief of Fichte. VII. The religion of 
Lessing. VIII Immortal Life. This work is issued 
by the Keiseisha and sells at 30 sen a copy. 

Nyoze-gakwan (tojklfcffl) "Things thus 
appear to me," gives the views of Mr. Shimada 
Sabuio on politics and religion. It is a book of 
considerable size divided into no less than 52 
parts. It discusses government, finance, race, 
Buddhism, Shinto, Confucianism and Christianity 
in a somewhat elaborate manner, supplying 
([notations from various writers on religion and 
commenting thereon. It sells at 50 sen a copy, 
the Keiseisha being the publishers. 

The Rcikai no myosin/ (A strange tendency 
in the Spirit World [religious world], by Mr. 
Miyagawa Tsuneteru gives the author's views on 
religions in general and Christianity in particular. 
The work is divided into 9 chapters and sells 
at 28 sen a copy. 

Dr. Harnack's work on Christianity, which in 
its German and English editions has had such a 
large sale in Europe, has been translated into 
Japanese by Mr. Takagi Jintaro, D.D., and is for 
sale at 50 sen a copy at the Keiseisha. The 
translator is of opinion that no such book has 
been published since the appearance of Schleier- 
macher's greatest work, the Der ChristUche 
Glaube, and he recommends Japanese Christians 
and others to give Dr. Harnack's views their 
earnest attention. The Japanese title of the 
work is Kirisuiokyo to wa nanzo ya ? 

In the f^jf'^^' Seishinkai, an interesting 
comparison is drawn between the teaching of 
Dante and the views of the famous j^riest Gen- 
shin, as expressed in the |^ k^ || ^ Ojo-yoshu. 
Genshin's work appeared in the Heian era (a.d. 
800-1186) and in many respects it stands by 
itself in Japanese literature, showing greater 
power of imagination than Japanese writers are 
wont to display. Comparing the eschatology of 
the two writers, the Seishinkai proceeds : Dante 
writes of three worlds, Genshin of ten. The finest 
part of Dante is his description of hell and 
the same may be said of Genshin's ; Even 
in the figures of speech used there is great 
similarity between the two writers. Dante 
speaks of " fire-snow " and a phrase in Gen- 
shin runs thus : Ningen no hi kore wo hi 
sureba yi/ki no goioshi. In describing the extent 
to which men can hate each other, Dante makes 
use of a special figure of speech. He says that 
if the small branches of every tree in a deep 
forest were broken, the voice of hatred would 
proceed from every aperture of those branches. 
Genshin in writing of the perpetuity of crime and 
its consequences, says that though the sinner may 
be ground into minute fragments, each fragment 
will possess a voice which proclaims the hcinous- 
ness of the crime committed. There is a remark- 
able passage in Genshin which describes the 
tortures of mind produced by love that can never 

July 12, 1902.] 


But it involves the loss of opportunities to do do not encourage the study 
good. To give up one's whole life to self-culture, ' own sake without regard 
to practise self-denial and self-sacrifice : this is 
all very good in its way, but it will not convert 
the world. No sooner does the evangelist begin 
to branch out into aggressive action against 
the powers of darkness than he is troubled with 

financial difficulties that hamper him at every I opposed to our Japanese notions, 
step. No sooner does he hear of instructive , dinal virtues, loyally, and filial 

of the Bible for its 
to its leading to 
belief in Christianity. They always seem to 
be afraid that the reader will come across 
some passages which will offend him and 
prejudice him against Christianity. Pure Bible 
teaching on many questions is diametrically 

Even our car- 
iety are most 

books that have been published and desire to decidedly relegated to a very subordinate posi- 
purchase them than he has to face the fact that 1 tion in the teaching of the New Testament, what- 
without cutting down some of the necessaries of j ever partial support they may receive from that 
life he cannot do so. Yet the lack of sufficient of the Old. If this teaching be toned down so as 
instruction tells on his work in various ways. ! to suit Japanese ideas, it is no longer Bible teach- 
How can he influence the world without posses- \ ing at all. It is because this kind of thing is 
sing adequate knowledge of its state? And how j perpetually going on among us that I say that 

can this knowledge be acquired without extensive , our Christianity is merely nominal 
reading? There is a perpetual feeling amon 
evangelists that they only meet the demands of j it is Japonicised. 
the age in a very partial manner, and this is 
largely owing to straitened means. 

Kirisuto Ronshft is the name given to a collect- 
ion of essays bearing on the nature of Christ, 
which were called forth by the publication of Mr. 
Ebina Danjo's views on this topic. They are 
published by the Keiseisha and sell at 25 sen a 
copy. Included in the collection are articles by 
Messrs Uemura, Kozaki. and Minami, Dr. Takagi 
and the Rev. George Albrecht. 

The Nihon Skiikyo Fuzokushi (History of Reli- j 
gious Customs) is a bulky volume covering 600 | 
pages and selling at 1 yen 50 sen a copy. Thej 
author is Mr. Kato Kumaichiro, and the | 
publisher Moriye, Iigura, 5 chome, Azabu, i 
Tokvo. According to the prospectus which! 
has 'reached us it is a most elaborate work. 1 antipathy shown 


loses all its grandeur, it seems to me, in as far as 
If it is not of sufficient power 
to bring us up to its level then it is not the religion 
we take it to be. The very term Nihonkwa ({£) 
shita Kirisutokyo (a Japonicised Christianity) 
reveals an utter misconception of the ran!; 
occupied by the Christian religion as an enlight- 
ening and reforming agency. Nothing is more 
harmful to the Christian cause than the palming 
off of that diluted form of Christian teaching called 
Japonicised Christianity as the genuine article. 
This spurious Christianity being what most world- 
ly men come into contact with, it is hardly to be 
wondered at that they treat it with indifference 
or with scorn. ... In order to understand 
and to appreciate Christianity we must get 
rid of our Confucian notions altogether. We 
must cease to reason about it as we reason about 
all other things that transcend reason. The 
by confirmed Orientalists to 


treating of all the various Shinto, Buddhist, Con- j Christianity is what is to be expected. Their 
fucian, Taoistic and Indian customs practised in ' n °' lons and Christian ideas are antipodal to each 
this country, enumerating the principal objects of other - Let thls fact be recognised ; let there be 
worship and explaining some very curious practices" 0 attempt to fill up the gulf which separates 
and superstitions that have mixed themselves up Christianity from purely Oriental thought 
with religious worship ; a history of the propaga- 
tion of the different religions is given, and maps 
are furnished showing the extent to which the 
various creeds have spread. The book seems 
deserving of a large sale. 

Under the title of " A thing to be borne in 
mind by those who study Christianity," Mr. 
Uchimura Kanzo writes in the Keisei in the 
following strain : — Japanese who desire to study 
Christianity encounter a very serious difficulty 
in obtaining a knowledge of the real thing. The 
Christian view of human nature is so diametri- 
cally opposed to our Japanese notions that a 

American residents were fortunate in having 
fine weather for the celebration of their national 
holiday, though the fact that no U.S. warship was 
in port prevented the various men-of-war from 
dressing with bunting or saluting at noon. Most 
business houses were closed and both on the Bluff 
and in the former Settlement there was a good 
display of the Stars and Stripes. 

A baseball game has come to be regarded here 
as an inseparable adjunct of " The Fourth," and 

change from our native state of mind to that of happily the fine weather allowed of the usual 

with lanterns were posted at intervals to regulate 
the traffic and it has to be said that -they did so 

The baseball match did not attract quite so 
large a crowd of foreigners as we have seen 
gather on these occasions, but the attendance of 
Japanese was very large. 'I he foreign team was 
typical of the Anglo-American entente, three 
Englishmen being included in the nine ; the 
Japanese team comprised the best players among 
the Yokohama Commercial School enthusiasts. 
Owing the indisposition of Mr. E. C. Swann, 
the foreign battery was completely changed, 

C. H. Thorn pitching all through and K. 
W. Kilby catching. Both players came 
through the ordeal splendidly, and given a fair 
amount of practise Thorn should develop into a 
difficult pitcher to play with. He has speed, 
varies his delivery, and gets a bewildering curve 
on the ball at times. E. W. Kilby as catcher 
will also be difficult to beat. Considering the 
utter lack of combined practise on the part of the 
Y. C. and A. C. the team's performance on Friday 
was very meritorious, though one or two fumbles 
in the field were inexcusable. The Japanese 
weak point, as usual, was in batting : had their 
batting been as strong as their fielding was smart, 
the record of the game would read differently. 
The Y.C.S. started their score with a romp, four 
men getting back to the home-plate, after that 
till the sixth and seventh innings, the home side 
held them down, but in these two innings they 
piled up four more runs. The Y.C. and A.C. 
were leading up to the end of the fifth innings by 
one run. We append score and positions : 


Name. Position. 

Ito 3 ?• • 

Yodogawa c. r. . 

Amano I.. F. . 

Horiuchi C. . 

Furuhashi r. . 

Ozeki 1 B. . 

Oishi R.F. . 

Kasakawa 2 B. . 

Kajima S. s 4 

Y.C. and A.C. 

L. E. McChesney c. f 5 

VV. L. Merriman 2 b 5 

D. H. Blake s. s 6 

W. H. McGowan 1 ii 4 

C. H. Thorn P 4 

A. Watson ) ^ ( 3 

W. O. White f J j 1 

E. W. Kilby c 4 2 

E. B. S. Edwards L. B 4 1 

Cowan R. F 4 o 

the Christian is like going from Peking to London 
at a leap. In order to assist Japanese to under- 
stand and accept Christianity, what is called a 
Japonicising of the Christian religion has taken 
place. But of what does this Japonicising con- 
sist ? Nothing but an alteration of the original 
teaching to an extent that renders it a spurious 
article. What is called Japanese Christianity is not 
real Christianity nor is it Japanese religion ( Gen ni 
tonayerarete oru Kirisutokyo wa shin no Kirisu- 
tokyo de naku, mat a Nikon no osliiye demo- nai.) 
It is characterised by vagueness and want of 

colour The study of Christianity is 

no other than the study of the Bible. There are 
very few earnest students of the Bible among us 

match being played, the teams representing the 
Yokohama Cricket and Athletic Club and the 
Yokohama Commercial School, which was witness- 
ed by quite a large assemblage, including many 

There were bands at the chief hotels both at 
noon and in the evening and the music naturally 
formed a strong attraction, the verandahs being 
well crowded with residents and guests. 

As is the custom, American residents called at 
the Consulate-General during the forenoon ; and 
there were many official caller 

In the afternoon several yacht races took place. 
The first prize for the big boats being given by H. 
E. Col. Buck, U.S. Minister, and the others were 

The wind 

Our Christians prefer noisy arguments on theolo- subscribed for by U.S. residents. 1 lie wind was 

li^ht and one ol the races could not be 

gical or philosophic knotty points to studying the 
Bible, and when a question is disputed then we , 
have a set of people like the members of the. 
Evangelical Alliance coming forward and attempt- 1 
ing to determine what is to be believed by a' 
majority vote. If these zealots would set to work 
to alter some of the many mistranslations contain- 
ed in our Japanese version of the scriptures and 
allow people to investigate the scriptures for them- 
Helves, they would do more good. I don't mean 
to say that the Bible is infallible, and I don't 
argue that those who commence to study should 
be ready to believe everything they read in it, 
but I maintain that real Christianity is only to be 
found in the sacred writings, and those who aim 
at getting to know what it is had better go to the 
fountain-head at once, instead of applying to the 
dispensers of distilled truth.* The Missionaries 

At Bat. 










' I 






Y.C. & A.C... 22010000 
Y. C. S 4 o o o o 1 3 o 

Mr. Tanaka was Umpire ; Mr. W. K. 



very light and one 
brought off in the time prescribed and will have 
to take place again. 

In the evening there was a capital display of 
fireworks for which the weather was most favour- 
able. The fire fountains were specially striking 
and the set piece representing the Capitol at 
Washington was greatly applauded. 

Large crowds were on the Bund during the 
evening to view the fireworks and it is worth 
noting that thanks to the measures adopted by 
the authorities, the people were made to walk on 
the left side of the thoroughfare. Constables 

* The reference is to the softening down of dis- 
agreeable truths to make them palatable which cer- 
tain Japanese preachers habitually practise and to 
whirl) Mr. ( 'chimura SO strongly objects. — (WRITER 

of Summary.) 


The 39-raters raced over the Tsurumi-Nakane 
course, 20^ miles, for a prize given by the US. 
Minister and for others presented by the U.S. 
residents of Yokohama. 

Four boats were started, 
Golden Hind and Afaid 
mentioned had a very bad 
by the .starting gun outside 
therefore to return and recross 

Mary, Kingfisher; 
Marion. The last 
start, being caught 
the line and having 
it. The wind 

fell very light and it was feared that they would 
not be able to finish in time, but the leading 
yachts got home with nearly an hour to Spare. 
Maid Marion led the quartette home round the 
Lightship but was caught by Mary in the last 
stage and beaten by something over a minute. 
On her time allowance of 6 min. 17 sec, how- 
ever, she gained the first prize, Mary taking the 
second. There were no record points in this or 
the other races sailed. Following were the cor- 
rected times : Corrected Time. 

h. m. s. 

Mnry 6.05.25 

Kingfisher 6.10.30 

Golden Hind 6.26.33 

Maid Marion 6.02.03 

The cruising class raced over the Tsurumi- 
Nagahami course for prizes presented by the 

34 Wffttti*HflttH»:-:M«1i«a^ THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 

[July 12, 1902. 

U.S. residents. There was as usual a warm 
match between Daimyo and Svanhild. They 
rounded the Tsurumi mark respectively at 2.09.30, 
and 2.09.45 ; at the Nagaharaa buoy Daimyo' s 
time was 3.59.10, just 50 seconds ahead of her 
rival's at the Lightship. < )n the trip home Svanhild 
had cut off the lead and was a bare 1 5 seconds 
to the good, which she had increased at the 
harbour entrance to 30 seconds. Svanhild stood 
across the harbour but Daimyo put in short 
tacks, and the former crossed just 20 seconds 
ahead. The first prize, however, fell to Mosquito 
on a time allowance of 33 minutes which made 
her time 10 minutes better than that of the first 
boat in, the second prize going to Surprise on 
her time allowance. Following were the corrected 

times : — 
Molly ... 



Mosquito 5-3045 

Surprise 5.46.5 5 

Asqgab 5-47-55 

to go over a nine mile 

The 2 1 -raters started 
course, also for prizes by the U. S. residents, but 
the wind fell light and became very fluky so that 
no boat could finish in the time provided. Another 
race was sailed on Saturday, however, and 
resulted in favour of Wettinge, 1 We second. Fol- 
lowing were the corrected times : — 

Pelt' 5.16.50 Vixen 

Stella 5.36.09 Sodeska 

Yugqo 5-34-28 Wettinge .... 

There was also a race for 12-raters which 
Madeleine won, Dora second and Thelma third. 



All the Russias, by Henry Norman, M.P. ; Lon- 
don, Mr. William Heinemann. Price, iS/-net. 
After fifteen years' study of the subject and four 
journeys — one of nearly 20,000 miles — through j 
European and Asiatic Russia, Mr. Henry Norman I 
has sat down and written a book, which he calls | 
All the Russias, and which has just appeared 
in London. The volume may be called Mr. 
Norman's obita dicta upon Russia and things Rus- 
sian, and all students of contemporary politics, 
we have no doubt, will hasten to peruse it. 
They will be repaid, we imagine, for though here 
and there the writing fails to rise above a I 
modern journalistic level, still it is the journalism 
of a very intelligent man, a keen observer, 
and one gifted with an intelligent compre- j 
hension that gives him a sympathetic under- j 
standing of the people whose land, politics, ideals, j 
and probable future he seeks to describe. The ' 
book is divided into several sub-divisions, them- 
selves broken up into twenty-six chapters, which j 
treat of the^capitals (St. Petersburg, the new;' 
Moscow, the old) ; Count Tolstoy, his influence! 
at home and abroad ; Finland ; Siberia ; the great' 
waterway of the Volga ; the Caucasus ; Central , 
Asia; Economics; Foreign Politics, and a Con- j 
elusion of the whole matter. The text is illumi- ! 
nated with one hundred and thirty-seven illustra-j 
tions, chiefly from the author's photographs, and 
four maps, while there is a very carefully com- ; 
piled Index. 

Like all who have studied, however deeply, or 
however superficially, the problems presented by 
the widely extended empiie which obeys the auto- 
cratic government of the great White Czar, Mr. 
Norman is stunned— almost terrified is the phrase 
he uses— with the very immensity of the thing, j 
The British Empire is enormous, too, but though 
one may have seen most of it a similar impression of 
totality is never produced, for it is scattered over the 
world and divided by great seas. Russia is a whole | 
— you ran walk from Archangel to Kushk and 
from Jlelsingsfors to Vladivostock. The great 
Russian mystery is how all this is governed from the 
city on the Neva. N # „. , r # * 
Again, and similar to this first impression, the ap- 
parently inexhaustible variety of races. % # £ 
After the vaslncss of the country, the mixture of 
peoples, and the centralization, comes the impression 
of strength. Russia is indescribably strong. Her 
strength makes you nervous , # w . x . * * 
Russia walks rough-shod over and through obstacles 
that an older, a more civilised, a more self-conscious 
country would manoeuvre around for half a century. 
She wants Siberia — she takes it. She wants Central 
Asia — she takes it. She wants Port Arthur — she takes 
it. She wants Manchuria — she is taking it. She 

wants Persia — we shall sec. A constitutional Kin- 
land is in her way — constitutional Finland must be- 
come a Russian province. Russia has suffered of 
late from an acute financial and commercial Crisis, 
intensified by the heavy cost of the rising in China 
and the relief of famine. In view of this, one would 
expect to see expensive national enterprises postponed 
or at least curtailed. Not at all. Everything pro- 
ceeds as regularly as though a million roubles came 
floating down the Neva every morning. The great 
Siberian Railway is being pushed along at all speed. 
The army is being increased. The navy is being 
strengthened rapidly. Railways arc building to the 
German frontier, to the Austrian frontier, in the 
Southern Caucasus, in Central Asia. During the ten 
years ending in 1899, 18,000 miles of railway were 
constructed. In 1899 alone the increase was 2,640 
miles. And ev erywhere that Russia reaches there she 
erects handsome and permanent buildings — railway 
stations, cathedrals, administration offices, barracks. 
Few provincial towns in Kurope or America have 
theatres and museums as fine as those of far-off 
Irkutsk and Tiflis. 

So much for general impressions and the bright 
side of the shield. Though keenly appreciative 
of the material advance Russia has made during 
the past thirty* years, Mr. Norman is not oblivious 
of the dark shadows and dreadful stains which 
fall athwart, or darken, the history of those years. 
In clear cut sentences, devoid of all sensational 
verbiage, he sets these forth in his pages and thus 
enables the reader to form a true mental picture 
of things as they are. He tells us of the cheap- 
ness of life, the exceedingly low valuation put 
upon the myriads of the lower classes by the 
bureaucrats; of the dreadful poverty which stalks 
the land from end to end ; of the drunkenness 
which darkens the homes of the peasantry ; the 
wholesale bankruptcy of the old nobility ; of the 
spirit of peculation which pervades the civil and 
other public services : and the antagonism which 
is beginning to develop between labour and capi- 
tal as education begins to slowly filter down among 
the terrible mass of the "under-side." For in 
Russia as elsewhere, the rough education which 
the spirit of the age demands shall be placed 
within the reach of all, has led to new aspirations 
and with them the birth of a consciousness of ability 
to realise them. And this means trouble sooner or 
later even in an empire as autocratic as that of 
Russia. It explains the seething discontent of 
the student classes, the unrest of the newly creat- 
ed artisan class ; the dissatisfaction of the patient 
tnoujik, already more than disheartened by the 
miseries which accompany him and his like from 
the cradle to the grave. Yet, despite all, Russia is 
swinging into line with the humanitarian advance 
of the rest of the world. 

The chapter devoted to Finland is very inter- 
esting in view of the discussion aroused in Kurope 
by the practical abrogation of the old Finnish 
constitution. Finland is a land of brave men 
and braver women, with a civilization and ideals 
peculiarly their own. But the exigencies of 
Russia compel her to take the steps she 
is taking there, and much as we may de- 
plore the extinction of free institutions,- we must 
in common fairness agree with Mr. Norman that | 
Russia has been moved to do what she has done 
in Finland by the force of imperative national j 
self-interest. She believes herself vulnerable lo a i 
foreign foe coming via Finland, and in her view j 
national security means military and other unifica- ! 
tion. So Finland must come into line with the I 
rest of Russia, and those of her brave sons and 
daughters who cannot endure the change must 
seek new homes across the broad Atlantic. There ! 
is nothing else to be said. 

The marvellous changes brought about by the 
construction of the Siberian Railway are well 
described by Mr. Norman. Certainly he traversed 
the district in the train de luxe which leaves 
Moscow every Saturday evening .it a quarter to 
nine o'clock, but he had frequent opportunities of 
getting off at the big towns, and those of our 
readers who met him in Japan know that he 
is not a man likely to neglect any opportunities 
that may chance his way. As we already knew, 
a very considerable portion of the railway will 
have to be entirely relaid ere it can be properly 
taken advantage of by trade and commerce, while 
Mr. Norman agrees with many other observers 
that its single track would seriously hamper any 

large movement of troops over its permanent 
way. As he puts it : — 

Its strategical results aie already easy to foresee 
It will consolidate Russian influence in the Far Last 
in a manner yet undreamed of. But this will be by 
slow steps. The expectation that the line would 
serve at a moment of danger, or in pursuit of a 
suddenly executed coup, to throw masses of soldiers 
from Europe into China, is yet far from realisation. . 
The line and its organization would break down 
utterly under such pressure. But bit by bit it will 
grow in capacity, and the Towers which have 
enormous interests at stake in the Far Last, if 
they continue to sleep as England has done of 
late, will awake to find a new, solid, impenetrable, 
self-sufficing Russia dominating China as she has 
dominated, sooner or later, every other Oriental 
land against whose frontier she has laid her own. 

Turning to one of the problems pressing for 
immediate solution in Siberia — the terrible 
amount of crime rampant throughout the land— 
our author says : — 

It is evident to anybody who studies the state of 
Siberia that this wonderful country can never enjoy 
its due development until the whole system of con- 
vict transportation is done away with. Not a week 
passes without a murder in every Siberian town. 
Two emigrants had been killed in the Siberian train 
shortly before my visit. The head of one force of 
free labourers upon railway works was in Siberia for 
an outrage upon a child ; the boss of another was a 
murderer. The potter at my hotel in likulsk 
was a murderer from the Caucasus. Theoretically, 
when bad characters are deported they are forbidden 
to leave the district to which they are assigned ; 
practically, the)- leave as soon as it suits them, and 
their first object is to kill some peasant for his clothes 
and passport. Indeed, if they did not move away 
they would starve, for in many cases the authorities 
simply turn them out and leave them to their fate. 

We have not space to follow Mr. Norman down 
the mighty Volga, across the Caucasus, and 
thence onward through Central Asia, Tiflis, Merv, 
Samarkhand, (what memories these names bring 
surging to the front as we read them !) absorb- 
ingly interesting as these chapters are. One 
strong impression they leave upon the mind : that 
Russia never moves into another kingdom, 
khanate, principality, or province with any 
intention of moving out again. She gees to stay 
and so far her conquests have been thorough and 
complete in every sense of the phrase ; while 
equally strong is the impression that wherever 
Russia plants her flag and stations her Cossacks, 
there she kills British and all other alien 
trade. She has c< mpletely stamped out the 
once flourishing English trade of the Cau- 
casus and Central Asia. Her ideal is to be 
self-sufficient within her own borders and she 
seems to be in the fair way of realising it. Soon 
she will be raising all the cotton she wants for 
her European mills in Central Asia ; already she 
can raise all the coal, iron, manganese, petroleum, 
corn, and food products she may want within her 
own dominions; and so she is driving foreign 
goods out as fast as she can. All she wants with tine 
foreigner is for him to buy her surplus products 
and to supply her with capital wherewith to 
develop her infant industries and open up her 
vast internal resources. 

The portion of the book dealing with the 
Economics of the Empire really deserves a review 
all to itself, so astonishing are some of the facts 
which Mr. Norman marshals for his readers' 
delectation. In our author's view the magician 
who has wrought such a marvellous change in the 
economic history of Russia is M. de Witte, the 
Minister of Finance, who will visit Japan, probab- 
ly, next Autumn. M. de Witte's life-story reads like 
a chapter from the memoirs of a self-made master 
of millions in the United States of North America. 
Beginning life as a journalist in Moscow, after 
graduating at the University of Odessa, he 
obtained a modest post on the Odessa Railway, 
and then by force of sheer ability rose to his 
present position at the right hand of the Czar. 
What he has done for Russia is writ large in 
her modern history. He has rehabilitated her 
finances, and turned her from a poverty-stricken 
agricultural land into a vast hive of industry, — 
and he is still not yet sixty. We refer our readers 
to Mr. Norman's pages for the gigantic figures 
which these reforms have brought into being : 
they are truly prodigious. 

The last section of the book is purely political 






January to June, 1903 


A China-Korean Association 
Acme of the Anglo-phobic dementia 

A Curious Rejoinder 

Admiral Colomb on the Alliance 

Admiral Inouye 

Aerial Navigation 

Affair of the " Niroku Shimpo 

A financial question 

After the Storm 

Again the Advisers 

A Garden Tax 

A German Protest 

Aichi Case 

" Akatsuki," The 

A Land Question 

Alliance, The 194 

Amended Criminal Code . 
American Edifice in London 
America and Prince Henry. 

America and the Spoils 

American Opinion of the Anglo-Japanese 


American Silk Industry 
Amur Society's Map ... 

An Analysis 

An Educational Meeting 
A New Pilgrimage 

Anglo-Japanese Alliance 166 

An Interesting Question 
An Imitator of Tanaka Shozo 

Another Example 

A Norwegian View of the War 

An Over-due Vessel 

A Pirn Mel 

Appeal of Iba Sotaro 

A Political Brochure 

A Question 


Arisaka Gun 

Armed Merchant Cruisers ... 

Army Statistics 

Astiiwo Petitioners 

Ashiwo Scandal 

A Steam Launch Incident ... 

A Terrible Disaster 

Auction of Horses 

Australian Horses 

Australian Immigration 

A Vindication 


Awomori Catastrophe 
Awomori Disaster... 
Awomori Subscriptions 
Balalaika, The ... 
Baffin and Morgan 

Panto, The 

Paron Mayejima ... 

Baron Shibusawa 39&— 

Baron Shibusawa'a Visit to Europe and 


Petter than Money 

Pible Heroes 

" Pijutsu-kai Daikenshin-kai " ... 
Pishop on Sentimental Hymns ... . 


Plackmailing Question 

Poers, The 

Poers and the Natives 

Poers and Peace Prospects 

Poers Treatment of Pritish Wounded 

Brady-Stone Wedding 

Pritish Admiral 

Pritish Industry , 

British and Foreign Marine Insurance Com 

party, Limited ... . 
Pritish Manufacturers . 
Pritish Navy and Army 

200 — 255 — 283- 


418 British Navy and Its Rivals 

58 British Squadron 

148 Pritish Soldiers, The 

373 Budget, The 11 — 86 

56 ; Bulow-Chamberlain Incident 

660 ! Cabinet, The ■ 

443 Canal Treaty 

504 Case against the Nippon Yusen Kaisha . 

643 Casualties to N.Y.K. steamers 

423 Custom Appeals 

121 Catastrophe at Goa 

648 Cattle Plague 

446 Cause of Cancer 

503 Chambers of Commerce 

37 1 Changes of Local Governors 

-256 China Whirlwind 

115 Chihli Insurrection 

42 Chihli Rebellion 

226 Chinese Conservatism 

84 Chinese in America 41 

Chinese Indemnity 

365 Chinese Legation 

599 Christmas Storm on the Pacific Coast 

558 Cholera 

474 i Cholera Epidemic 

586 Clearing House, Banker's Club, Count 

701 I Matsukata and Baron Iwasaki ... 
-339 Cold Blooded Murder by a lad 

62 Collection 011 Account of the Awomori Dis 

533 R . aster 

423 Commercial Integrity 

325 Consequential 

153 Contemporary History 

30 Contrast, The 

395 Continental Fire 

471 1 Coronation, The 

617 Coronation Ceremony 

444 Coronation Festival 

230 Coronation Postponement 

298 Coronation Squadron 

397 <- redit Mobilier 

285 Criminal Code 

356 Corruption in the Provinces and Else- 
477 where 501 — 

702 . Count Okuma 

661 Count Okuma on China 

323 . Count Okuma on Economics -(45 

86 I Count Okuma on Politics 

446 Count Okuma and Questions of the Daj 

-450 Count Otani 

-587 i Count von Biilow 

308 Count von Billow and Mr. Chamberlain 

368 Courtesy 

174 Curious Incident of Journalism 

675 Curious Weather 

229 Customs Appeals 689 

701 Customs Question 

•445 i - Deadly Parallel 

Death of Tokyo Notable 

473 I Decay of British Agriculture 

647 Decoration Day in Yokohama 

371 Delarey 

534 Delays of the Law 647- 

283 Delarey and Methuen 312- 

703 Departure of Prince Komatsu 

442 Departure of Mr. and Mrs. Whitehead 

34 Design of Cruisers 

F48 " Deutsche J.ipanpost " 

422 Dinner to Mr. F. j. Abbott 

120 Disturbances in Tokushima 

321 I " Dixi " 

559 j Dockyards 

37 Doing as they do at Rome 

" Dojin-kai " 

315 I Domestic and Foreign Politics 

28 Drinking , 

410 1 Duelling in Germany 





2 55 



















1 19 




Earthquake 702 

Echigo Oil Companies 31 

Echigo Oil Trust 61 

Eclipse of the Moon 447 

Educational 58 

Egyptian Finance ' 56 

Elders 283 

Elections, The 532 — 647 

Empress-Dowager 472 

England and Japan 56 

Entertainments to Marquis Ito 309 

Exchanges 610 — 698 

Exchequer Bills 168 

Exchange Question 642 — 670 

Exhibitions in Tokyo 396 

Ex-King of Riukiu 587 

Farewell dinner to the German Consul- 

General 255 

Fatal Accident near Yokohama 447 

Feelings of the Chinese 672 

Fifth National Industrial Exhibition 28 

" Finally " 198 

Finance 616 

Financial 308 

Finance and the Alliance 504 

Fire in Fukui 371 

Foreign Adviser 427 

Foreign Capital 417 

Foreign Tourists 502 

Foreign Trade 38 — 62 — 98 — 152 — 210 


Formosan Premium-Bearing Ponds 422 

Frank 115 

Fraud in Yokohama 343 

Funeral of Mr. J. H. Brooke 68 

Funeral of Mr. Ikeda Kurazo 558 

Funeral of Archdeacon Shaw 312 

Gembun-ichi Society 341 

Generous Gift to the Seamen's Mission ... 180 

Germany and England 27 — 85 

Germany and Venezuela 29 

German Collections for the Poers 371 

German Navy 314 

Germany of 35 Years ago and Germany of 

To-day 341 

Gilmour 226 

Glasgow Exhibition 114 

Goteniba Leper Hospital 280 

Hayward-Moss Wedding 653 

Heroism ; 448 

Hockey , ... 315 

Homeward Pound 560 

Hongkong and the Plague 174 

Hon. Mr. Woodford ... 647 

Hope of the Boers 5 

Hunan S.S. Kaisha 445 

House of Peers and the Budget 34 

House Tax ... 2 — 117 — 168 — 232 — 281 — 306 

— 334—3 rj 2— 397— 475— 5 C2 — 5 28 — 582 

House Tax Distraints 430 — 457 — 503 

Housewarming 43 

Iba Sola 10 446 

Iba's Trial 423 

Imperial Railway Society 583 

" In a Dictionary Sense " 253 

Insatsu Kyoku 252 

International Courtesies 613 

Irish Treason 145 

Iron Foundry Affair 278 

" Isogeba Mawaru " 445 

Iwaki-zan 702 

" Japan and America " 60 

Japan's Armaments 86 

Japan and Far Eastern Trade 152 

Japan Branch of the Colonial Nursing As- 
sociation 280 

Japan's Commercial Policy 31 



Japan England and Korea 646 

japan Society 473 

Japan's Mercantile Marine 474 

Japan Trading Association 209 

Japanese Abroad 587 

Japanese Barristers and the House Tax ... 582 

Japanese Bonds in Foreign Hands 699 

Japanese Census ... 60 

Japanese Emigration to Korea 560 

Japanese Journalism 423 

Japanese Journal on Anglo-Japanese Rela- 
tions 1 32 

Japanese National Anthem 558 

Japanese Plague Doctors 615 

Japanese I'ost Office 702 

Japanese Tea Association 644 

"Jim-Min" 114 

Journalistic Insults 34 

Karuizawa 539 

Kazusa System of Deep Boring for Water... 645 

Kiauchau 653 

Killing and Burning in the Philippines ... 480 
Killing of Japanese Subject in Peking ... 146 

King O'Keefe 43 

King's Visit to Ireland 313 

" Knight Companion " Ashore 152 

" Kobe Chronicle " and Dr. Lonholm ... 532 

Kobe Land 228 

Kritzinger 143 

Kritzinger and Scheepers 557 

Labour Question 445 

Labourer's Assembly Question 368 

Labour Question in Australia 33 

Landing Accomodation at Yokohama ... 458 

Land Ownership 613 

Land Ownership Question 228 

Land Year's Trade 395 

Launch at the Kawashima Dockyard ... 648 

Law's Delays in Japan 582 

Learned Degrees 311 

London Chamber of Commerce 425 

London School of Tropical Medicine 61 

Loot Affair 172 — 200 — 225 — 585 

Loot Question 33 — 532 

Loot Scandal 113 

Lord Methuen 368 

Lord Rosebery 119 

Luhan Railway 30 

Luncheon at the British Legation 370 

Mail Routes to Japan 649 

Manchurian Agreement 390 

Manchurian Proposals 4 

Manchurian Question 54 — 367 

Manchurian Treaty 421 

Map of Russian Activity in the Far East... 646 

Maple Club Entertainment 587 

Marine Products Union 114 

Marquis Ito 31 — 59 — 89 — 168 — 201 — 223 — 

250 — 279 — 701 

Marquis Ito and Count Okuma 391 — 418 

Marquis Ito and the Elections 393 

Marquis Ito in Europe 373 

Marquis Ito's Manifesto 391 

Marquis Saigo 483 — 531 

Marriage in Yokohama 599 

Materials for History 226 

Martinique Disaster ... 396 — 531 — 595 — 643 

Maritime and Naval 702 

Medical Union of Japan 370 

Meeting of Local Governors 448 

Mercantile Employes' Reunion 338 

" Mikasa " 447 

Minerals of Japan 152 

Minister Tsai 3-0 

Mischievous Persiflage 284 

Missing Gunboat " Condor " 180 

Missionary Enterprise in China 505 

Missionary News 661 

Miye Catastrophe 87 

Mr. Ariga Nagao 278 

Mr. Asahina 674 

Mr. Ebara's Lecture 647 

Mr. Kato on Naval Increment 586 

Mr. Kirkwood's Pension 200 

Mr. Kondo Rcmpei's Speech 614 

Mr. Nakai on the War 94 

Mr. Oishi Masami... 366 

Mr. Okura's Fine Art Gallery 174 

Mr. Ozaki Yukio 368 

Mr. Shephard's Views about Japan and 

Russia 87 

Mr. Tanaka Shozo's Yawn , 531 

Mr. Tsai 4 — 32 

Mr. Wigmore 585 

Mr. Wu Jjn-hsii ... 703 

Mr. Yoshimura Torataro 559 

Murder of Mr. G. Rutherford 477 

" Musashi," The 502 

National Debts 532 

Naval Expansion 559 

Naval Matters 501 — 672 

Naval Notes 647 

New American Warships 548 

New Banking Law 28 




New Exchequer Bills 

New Minister of War 

New Prince, The 

New Reading Rooms 

Newspaper Question 

New Tariff Difficulties 

New Year 

New Year's Banquet at the Palace 

New Zealand's Isolation 

" Niroku " Affair 1 ... 395 

Nippon-bashi Fish Market 

Northern University 

" Novosti," The 

Number of Foreigners in Yokohama 

Official Offenders 

Oriental Club 

Osaka Exhibition 

Panama and Nicaragua 

Par Nobile Fratrum 

Parliament and the Anglo-Japanese 


" Pate dc Foie Gras " 

Patriotism Parodied 


Personality of the Pope 

Philippines and the Tariff 

Plague Case in Kobe 

Peace, The 

Presentation to Capt. Eraser 

Prince Cfaing Kwoh 

Prince Imperial 

Prince Imperial on Tour 

Prince Komatsu in Hongkong 

Prices of Commodities 43 

Prize-fight and the Public Hall 

Portugal and China 

Post Office, The 

Postal Savings Bank 

Process of Wriggling 

Professor Noguchi 

Professor Takamine 

Professor Virchow's Thanks to Japan 

Progressists, The 

Propaganda Question 

Proposed American Bank in the Orient .. 

Proposed Increase of Railway Fares 

" Queens " in History 

Question of the Nude 

Question of Railways 

Radical Slanders 

Railway Question 

Raw Silk Export 

Reader Affair 

Reeeption at German Club 

Redemption of Bonds 

Refuted Slanders 

Rev. R. A. Torrey 


Rice Crop 

Riots in Belgium 


Russia's Policy towards Armenia 

Russian Representative 

Russian Troops in Manchuria 


Sad Calamity in Kyoto 

Sanyo Railway 


Schley Case 


" Sendai Maru " 

Series of Progressist Questions 

Shanghai Complication 

" Shinano Maru " Ashore 

Shizuoka Scandal 

Siam and the Alliance 


Sir William Bisset 

Sobu Railway 

Socialism in Japan 

Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to 

Soiree at the Legation of France 

Some Interesting Statements 

Some New Century Proverbs 

Something Worth Attention 

South Africa 

South African War 

Spanish-American War 


Steamer Service connected with the Trans- 
Asian Railway 

St. Louis World's Fair 85- 

Storm on Christmas Day 

Strains of a Ship on Waves 

Students Fight 

Sudden Death 

Sugar Rebate Law 

Takarada Oil Company 

" Tansan " 

Tea 283- 


Tempestuous Weather 


1 5 1 

. 297 

• 7>i 
. 146 

• 58 

■ 87 

• "5 

• 45° 
. 610 
. 562 

• 703 

• 504 
. 616 

• 5'3 

. 85 

• 499 
. 226 

• 53' 

■ 29 

■ 27 
. 47i 


• 177 
. 420 
, 148 

, 289 






2 57 








1 20 

3' ' 





Terrible Calamity 

Terrible Outrage in the Philippines 

" Terrible's " Firing Record Beaten 

Thanksgiving Services 

That word again ... 

The Eternal Feminine 

The Ferocious Beasts Assembly 

Third Naval Programme 

Tokugawa Reiki 

Tokushima Railway 

Tokyo * ... 

Tokyo City Improvements 

Tokyo Correspondence 

Tokyo Deosha Tetsudo Kaisha 

Tokyo Municipal Bribery Case 

Tokyo Rice Exchange 

Tokyo Stock Exchange 

Toyo Kyokai 


Treasury Bills 

Triple Alliance 

Twice Over 

Two Houses, The 

Ukiyo-ye Paintings and Prints 

Undying Scandal 

Untimely Frost 

United States Remonstrance 

United Slates and Mouse Tax Questions ... 

Urajima Middle School 

Value of Yokohama Property 

Value of Distraint Protests 

Vernacular Press on Franco-Russian De- 

Viscount Watanabe in France 

Viscount Yoshikawa and the Spirit of 


Vladivostock 284— 

Wakamatsu Foundry ... 56—168 — 229— 

" Want of Faith and Dishonesty " 

War and Ireland 

War in South Africa 

War Office 

War Revelations 

Washington's Birthday 


Water-works at Yokohama 

Weight carried by a Cavalry Horse 

Wei-hai-wei 174— 

Well-Assorted Society 

Whampo Conservarcy Commission 

What next 

White Flag. The 

White Star liner "Athenic" 

Who invented the Jinrikisha ? 

Workmen in Germany 

Wreck of the " Sendai Maru " 

Wrecked Warships 

Yaching Fatality 

Yellow Journals 

Yokohama Customs Improvements 

Yokohama Electric Railway 

Yokohama Garden Party 

Yokohama Hatoba 

Yokohama Sanshi Bank 

Yokohama Water-works 

Yokohama Water-works Loan 










3' ' 

1 21 



.56 r 




56 r 




Alfred Cornu 

Bey of Tunis 

Death of Prof. Arrivet 

Death of Mr. J. H. Brooke 

Death of Bret Harte 

Death of Baron Kusumoto 

Death of Mr. J. F. Louder 

Death of Master Munro 

Death of Sir Noel Paton 

Death of Venerable Archdeacon Shaw 

Death of Mr. F. R. Stockton 

Death of Miss Thorn 

Death of Mr. T. J. Woodruff 

Death of Mr. Yamana Kwangi 

Late Capt. Burke, C.B., R.N 

Late John Bums 

Late Mr. Copeland 

Late Mr. E. H. House 

• Late Mr. J. B. Gibbs ; ... 

Late Mr. P. Hodnett 

Late Earl of Kimberley 

Li Hung-chang 

Late Mr. Matsuo 

Late Mr. Meyerdirks 

Late Lord Pauncefote 

Mr. Cecil Rhodes 

Paul Lester Ford — a terrible double tra- 
gedy ... 

Prince von Schwarzenberg 

Sir Arthur Arnold 

Sir E. Ashmead Bartlett 

Sir Andrew Clarke 

Sir Richard Temple 

Suicide of Mr. N. A. Walter 

1 68 




3 6 9 







Accuracy 620 

Anglo-Japanese Alliance 176 

An Answer 590 

Apprehensions about tlie Alliance 204 

Armaments Question 259 

A Strange Story 204 

Black-mailers 478 

Certain Misunderstandings 400 

Changing Times 479 

Chihli Riot 506 

Concentration Camps 260 

Count Inouye 4°° 

Futility 426 

Financial 536 

Foreign Adviser Fiction 426 

Foreign Capital Question 589 

Franco-Russian Declaration 343 

C.rundsUick 621 — 676 

Historical Facts connected with the Chinese 

Trouble 621 

House Tax 233 

Indemnity and China's Revenue 589 

Indemnity Question 677 

Ira Brevis Furor 536 

Japanese Post-Office 223 

Kobe and the House Tax 259 — 287 

" Likin " 400 

Municipal Expenditures of Foreign Settle- 
ments and Government Subsidies 427 

Naval Increment 620 

New Universities 589 

Peace 620 

Public Morality 678 

Railway Loan Question 563 

Relative Taxation of Foreigners and Japan- 
ese 478 

Secret History 563 

Spring .Meeting of the Nippon Race Club... 568 

The Boxers 649 

The Elections 478 


A Kentucky Character Sketch 123 

A little of China seen from Japan 290 

Alliance with Japan 382 

Anglo-Japanese Treaty 353 

An Untrodden Path across Okinawa 481 

Arima Conference 625 

" Awful Side " 130 

A Yokohama Double Tragedy in the 

Seventies 90 

Behind the Scenes at a Chinese Theatre ... '78 

Boer Refugee Camps 408 

China Squadron Prize Firing 634 

" Colonial Secretaries I have known " ... 664 
Dr. Baelz on Anthropological Questions ... 177 

Dr. Torrey's visit to Japan 187 

Ecclesiastical Humour 298 

Forthcoming Coronation 542 

Formosa under Japanese Rule 407 

Great South Sea Cable 46 

Historic John Bull 102 

Hygiene in German Accumulator Works ... 327 

Impressions of a Globe-girdler 481 

Japan's Postal Jubilee 705 

Korean 1 iterature 684 

Largest Geyser in the World 8 

Latter Day Notes on the Chinese Ques- 
tion 186 — 213 

Liquid Fuel 103 

Martinique Horror 632 

Million Master in the City of Unrest 714 

My Lady Bountiful in Egypt 298 

Naval Gun Trials 185 

Navies and Commerce of Chief Mercantile 

Nations 461 

Needs of Young Men 434 

New Line to the Orient 602 

Peace Terms 713 

President Roosevelt and the Naval Cadets.. 601 

Prince Henry in America 326 

Prosperous German Banks 488 

Question of the Increase of Universities ... 678 

Race Question in America 91 

Report on Manchuria 34 

Situation at Newchwang 103 

Situation in Russia 624 

Slaves of the Oar 518 

Some American Notes 291 

St. Louis World's Fair 593 

I he Abbey and the Coronation 664 

The Derby " 652 

T. D. Talmage : an Appreciation 538 

The Educational Problem 515 

The Herb Case 712 

The Last of the Shoguns 239 

Unsolved Mystery of Evolution 402 

US. Naval Expansion 101 

While Invasion of China 46 

Whitsuntide Athletic Meeting 567 

Yokohama in the Sixties 13 


A correction 

A disclaimer 20— 

Again the House Tax 

American Locomotives 

An Apology to Mr. Snodgrass 

Artificial Indigo 

" A Warning 

Awomori Disaster 

Awomori Disaster — a donation 

Awomori Fund 

A Young People's Convention 

Babcock and Wilcox Boilers 

Battle of the Boilers 

Belleville Boilers 

Christian Unity 

Chronic Colds on the Cricket Ground 

Coronation Programme 


Elephant's Marching Ability 

Eleventh General Conference of the Japan- 
ese Evangelical Alliance 

Fire on the S.S. " Cowrie " 

Fukui Fire 

General Conference of Japan Evangelical 


German Americans 

German Protestantism 

Gotemba Leper Hospital 

Great Britain and Germany 

" Grundstiick " 632— 

19 — 1 01 — 297 — 32c 

Historic Weather ... 
House Tax, The ... 
House Tax, Again 
House Tax, Finally 

House Tax : Suggestion 

House Tax Once More 

" If he repent, forgive him " 

Information Wanted 

Japanese Postal Service 

Late Mr. Rutherford 


Mr. Hellyer and the House Tax 

Municipal Taxes 

Patent Law in Japan 

Pictorial Postal Girds 

Police efficiency in Tokyo 

Post Office 

Prayers for the Jews 

Proposed Prize Fight 

Prostitute Debt Case 

Rev. T. Miyagawa 

Rev. T. Miyagawa's Religious Belief 

Rev. T. Miyagawa's Theology 

Salvation Army Work 

Should make another apology 

Social Evil " Debt " Case Judgment 

Social Evil Statistics for 1901 

The Leper Hospital 

The Mormons 

The World's Great Classics 

Tokyo Exchange 

Toyohashi Post Office 

Trade Marks 

" Twice Over " 

Un-American "American Friend of Japan" 
Volunteer Corps : a suggestion 


A Church Calendar 

A Catalogue 

A Manual tf the Japanese Patent, etc. Law 

Americanization of the World 

A Modern Antaeus " 

Awomori Disaster 

Caricatures by H.H 

Chamberlain's " Things Japanese" 

China in Convulsion 

Christians of Reality 

Clara in Blunderland 

Confessions of a Matrimonial Matchmaker 

Coronation Services 

" Der Feme Ostcn " 

Dictionary of Military Terms and Expies- 


Discovery of the Future 

Epistles of Erasmus 

High Treason 

Industrial and Commercial Japan 

Japan, a Record in Colour 

Japan and its Trade 

Japan, our new Ally 

Jingles from Japan 

" Johnny Cornstalk " 

Letters from John Chinaman 

Lives of the 'Lttstrious 

Mr. Dooley's Opinions 

Naval Efficiency : the War Readiness of 

the Fleet 

Origin of Species 

Papers from a Viceroy's Yamen 

Passing Away 








3 2 S 









3 2 5 














*> >1 
" 'J 






Popular Fairy Tales 

Recollections of Browning 

St. Nazariits 

" The Dark o' the Moon " 

" The Firebrand " 

The Garden of Kama 

" The Kokka " 

The Mastery of the Pacific 

Transactions of the Asiatic Society of Japan 

William Black 

With Steyn and Dewet 

Year Books 


" America " Cup Contest 

Boxing Contest at the Public Hall 

Charity Concei t in Yokohama 

Christmas Entertainment 

Concert at Hakodate 

Concert at Tokyo Tabernacle 

Dramatic and Musical Entertainment in 


English Speaking Exhibition at Tokyo 

French Artists at the Public Hall 

Gentile-Mastropasqua Concert 5°9~ 


Last Schliiter Concert 

Lucifer Entertainment 

Mr. Slavin's Exhibition 

" Niobe " and the A.D.C 

Organ Recital 

Russian Concert in Tokyo 

Schliiter's Second Concert 

Slavin's Entertainment 

" Sunlight and Shadow " at the Public Hall 

" Sunlight and Shadow " at Tokyo 

St. George's Ball 

The " Kentucky " Minstrels 


Airin Bicycle Club 


Interport Football Match 

Off-Day of the Nippon Race Club 

Opening Cricket Match 

Opening Sailing Races 

Racing Comments 

Regatta of the Yokohama United Rowing 


Sorin Club Bicvcle Races 

Y.A.R.C. final Races 

Yokohama Amateur Rowing Club Regatta 


Bicycle Regulations 

Chambers of Commerce Regulations 


Annual Conference of the Methodist Epis 

copal Church 

Asiatic Society of Japan ... 319— 453- 

Bank of Japan 

China Mutual Steam-Navigation Company 

Christ Church 

Club Hotel, Ltd 

Dinner to Baron Shibusawa 

Farewell Banquet to Mr. W. F. Mitchell .. 

Fujin Jizen-kai 

Grand Hotel, Ltd 

Helm Bios. Ltd 

Hokkaido Coal-Mining and Railway Com 

pany '. 

Industrial Bank of Japan 

Japan Brewery Co., Ltd 

Japan Society 

Japan Society of London 

Kobe and the House Tax 

Kobe Cricket Club 

Ladies Benevolent Association ... ' 

Langfeldt & Co., Ltd f 61 — 

Maples Flotel 

Marquis Ito in England 

Minutes of First Meeting of Standing Com- 
mittee of Co-operating Christian Missions 

in Japan 158 

Mosquito Yacht Club J 51 

Nagasaki Hotel, Ltd 102 

Nippon Race Club 11 

Nippon Yusen Kaisha 591 

Osaka Shosen Kaisha 92 

Presentation to Police Officers 94 

St. George's Society 234 

The Coronation 5 10 

Union Church 152 

Yokohama Amateur Rowing Club 179 

Yokohama Cricket and Athletic Club ..350 — 376 
Yokohama Foreign Chamber of Commerce 344 

Yokohama General Cemetery 511 

Yokohama General Hospital 404 — 43! 

Yokohama Seamen's Mission 75 

Yokohama Specie Bank 286 

Yokohama Stock and Rice P'.xchange ... 92 
Yokohama Yacht Club 242—263 






I I 





















Christus Cunetator 

England " , \" 

Lexicographer and Critic 
New Year's Wishes 

Ode to Japan 

On the Pilgrim's Way ... 

" Our Bob " 

Requiescat in Pace 

The New Year 

The Return 

With the Red Maple above Me 

Monthly Summary 
Press 39— 

Monthly Summary 
Literature ..95— 

... 381 

... 270 

... 712 

... 8 

... 43S 

... 17 

... 480 

... 505 

... 35 

... 299 

... 403 

ok the Religious 
1 54— 264— 374— 5° 6 — 626 
of Japanese Current 
205—3 1 6—45 1 — 5 6 4— 7°7 

Law Cases ... 


35 !— 379— 4°4- 
539— 57i— 597— 1 

Summary of News 
109 — 138 — 165 — 
3°5— 333— 3 DI " 
497—5 2 5—553— 

Korea 8— 

147— 174— 199— 
499~ 5 2 8— 557— 

74— 97— 126— 
236—267 — 294— 

... 1—25—53- 

581—609—641 — 

29— 55~ 85- 
25— 243— 257- 
393— 422— 441- 

513 — 
7 1 1 — 7 1 2 






Politics— Political Notes ...3—58 
1 10 — 143 — 201 — 


33— 86—174-225—313—382 
42 1 —443— 5°4— 5 3 3— 6 1 6—647 — 







Yokohama Literary Society 

69— 1 25— 1 85— 234— 294— 343- 

Literary Notes 

1 2— 7 1— 1 25— 237— 292— 323- 


News ok the Week 19 — 44 

99 — 129 — 159 — 184 — 211 — 238- 
51 5— 542— 572— 598— 629— 659- 

Telegkams 20 — 48—76- 

131— 160— 187— 215— 243— 27 1- 

327—355—384—41 1—435—463- 

Commeucial Matters 

266 — 292 — 322 — 358 — 450 — 483- 

Notes from Home PAPERS 17 — 43- 
130 — 269 — 431 — 485 — 48S— 601- 



- 42— 89 



10 — 


-269 — 




-100 — 

American Topics 

17—44—67—105—123 — 153 — 
1 83 — 209 — 267—293 — 32 3 — 37 8—405 — 

Fires 10 — 41 — 

64 — 1 00 — 121 — 18 5 — 209 — 2 37 — 288 — 

Latest Shipping ... 21—49 — 77 — '°5 — 

133 — 161 — 189—217 — 245 — 273 — 301 — 
329—357—385—41 3—437—465—492— 

521— 549—577—605-637—665—693—717 

Latest Commercial.. 22 — 50 — 78 — 106 — 

1 34 — 1 62 — 1 90 — 2 1 8 — 246 — 274 — 302 — 
33°— 358— 386— 414— 438— 466— 494— 

522— 550—578—606—638—666—694—718 

Notes on Current Events 

10 — 36 — 88 — 121 — 150—175 — 203 — 
2 3 1 —258—286—3 1 4—342—372 — 398 — 


6 1 8 — 648 — 674— 704 

China — Chinese News — China Notes ... 

5—26—54—68—83 — 1 1 2— 
141 — 173 — 198 — 227 — 251 — 278 — 309 — 
498 — 526—554 — 584—611—644 — 671 — 700 

The Diet 

64 — 88 — 122 — 149 — 176 — 201 — 257 — 287 

Juiy 12, 1902] 

W7fiif-£if-H>j tt r B 9&M61fMmn 


and therefore polemical. Mr. Norman is no 
lover of Germany and thus views her actions 
ris-a-vis Russia and vis-a-vis England in none 
too favourable a light. As an English public 
man he would rather see an understanding 
between England and Russia, than one be- 
tween England and Germany, we imagine. He 
supports his views with extracts from the Rus- 
sian press and Russian publicists, and decries 
the anti-British views that find utterances in the 
Russian papers from time to time as being of little 
account and carrying no weight. Russia's destiny 
is to expand to the East and South and to find 
ports in the warm water, thus bringing her to the 
doors of Japan, of Persia — and probably India. 
But our author does not thinks she will draw the 
sword over Korea, or over India. The final 
voice in all such matters is the Czar's, and the 
Czar Nicholas is a man who loves peace and will 
ensue it, despite all the ravings of hot-headed 
journalists or the ambitions of Army Colonels — 
officers of his Army above the rank of Colonel 
look upon war as the climax of folly and would 
not have India as a gift, says our author. We 
close the volume under review with a feeling of 
thankfulness that such a capable man as Mr. 
Norman has had the leisure to write such an 
enlightening book about all the Russias. 


Speaking at the meeting of the Imperial 

Education Society, held in Tokyo, on Saturday 

last, Miss E. J. Hughes said : — 

I always object to a speech which begins with an 
apology, but I feel to-day that an apology is needed 
when i remember what a short time it is since I came 
to your country, and my still shorter experience of 
teaching English to Japanese students. My apology 
shall take the form of the three reasons why I venture 
to speak to you to-day on the teaching of English in 

First. — In my province in England many of the 
people still speak the old British tongue and there- 
fore from my earliest childhood I have been brought 
face to face with the problem of teaching English as j 
a foreign language, and during the last 20 years I 
have been officially concerned with the problem in 
my ow n province. 

Secondly. — 1 have had quite unusual opportunities 
of hearing English teaching in many foreign countries. 

Thirdly. — It is of course a source of great satisfac- 
tion to me as a 15ritish citizen, to know that Japan 
has decided to use our English tongue as its gate- 
way to Western thought and life and commerce. 
Because of this decision it is of the greatest import- 
ance that Japanese studenls should learn English well, 
with the smallest expenditures of time and energy, i 
I find a very general dissatisfaction among Japanese] 
teachers with the results now obtained and I con- 
fess frankly I share that dissatisfaction. If things 
require to be changed, Japan may be glad to hear; 
all kinds of suggest ons, and therefore I will venture 
to suggest ! 

I am going to emphasize seven important points, 
and then make a practical suggestion for the improve- 
ment of English teaching in Japan. 

First : — It is important to decide why English is 
being taught, because the method must be profoundly 
affected by the end desired. There are two very 
different classes of Japanese students learning English 
for quite different reasons. I think they ought never 
to be taught together, because they require absolutely 
different methods. 

The first are those who desire to read foreign 
books in order to get the latest information on their 
special subject. They do not want to speak and write 
or think in the foreign language but simply to trans- 
late it, i.e. to translate what they see into the Japan- 
ese language. The educational result obtained by 
learning a language in this manner is very small, 
so small that it should not be regarded as part of a 
genera! education, but rather as part of a special 
technical or professional training. 

The second class are those who really desire to 
know the foreign language, as a means of educa- 
tion, as an introduction to a foreign mental stand- 
point (a very valuable gain), to foreign life, and 
to foreign literature. They must speak it, write 
it, understand it, and think in it, as well as 
read it. If a language be so learnt, the educa- 
tional result is enormous, and is worth much 
time and energy. Sound is far more important to 
this class of students than sight, and should be first 
taught, for obviously speaking and listening are of 
great importance. I propose to concern myself only 
with this second class of students. 

Secondly. — The real object of language-learning is 
to think in the language. I feel sine that you will 
agree with me that a student cannot be said to know 
a language when he hesitates to speak it because he 
must speak- it very slowly because he has to translate 
all the time ; and he cannot follow an ordinary con- 
versation because the ordinary rate docs not give 
him time to translate. Now if w e agree that our final 
object is to think in the foreign tongue then many 
things seem to follow logically. I will mention four 
of them. 

(a) We should have no translation until the student 
has made considerable progress in the language, say, 
for example, not until the 4th or 5th year, because to 
translate is exactly what we do not want him to do. 
We want him to take the thought in his mind and 
wrap it up in the English form, and not think at all 
of the Japanese form. Hut how can we get the 
thought into his mind without Japanese ? I think at 
first we should only teach him the English of objects 
which we can show him in the concrete or in pictures, 
and the English of actions which we can act dramati- 
cally or draw. (It is a constant astonishment to me in 
this country that Japanese teachers with their clever 
fingers and artistic skill do not seem to use the black- 
board for drawing purposes nearly as much as we 
clumsy, inartistic Britons !) Sooner or later, how- 
ever, our ingenuity will fail us, and we must give 
them the Japanese word or words, but as soon as 
they have the thought let them express it again and 
again in English until the thought is connected with 
the English. The abler the teacher, the more sel- 
dom will he have to use lapanese. About the 6th 
year, translation is of great value, but it should be 
very accurate and careful, and of course should be 
done by the pupils and not the teacher. 

(b) We must have free composition. The pupils 
must express their thoughts straight into the foreign 
language, and there are obvious advantages in 
having much spoken composition before any written. 

(r) The teacher must speak English as much as 
possible. This is obviously impossible for many 
present Japanese teachers. There are a small class 
of Japanese teachers who speak marvellously well, 
and many of them have never been out of Japan, 
thus proving conclusively that residence in an Eng- 
lish-speaking country is not necessary for complete 
mastery of English, although such residence is of 
course very desirable, especially for the life and 
thought of a foreign country. 

There are, I believe, also a very class of Japanese 
teachers, who with some additional help would very 
quickly gain a good command of the language. I 
will suggest later how I think that help could be given. 

(d) Pronunciation should be carefully attended to. 
If we want to think in a language it is a great help, it 
is indeed probably essential, to speak in it. Now we 
shall not speak much in it tmiess we feel our pro- 
nunciation is fairly accurate. About pronunciation 
I want to say three things. 1st., as regards sounds I 
think it is an immense help to a teacher to know 
something of the science of vocal sounds, in phonetics. 
2nd. I understand that you have very little accent 
or stress in Japanese. We have a strong stress in 
English, and this ought to be carefully taught from 
the beginning. We English people sometimes do 
not recognise a word spoken by a Japanese, even if 
each sound is pronounced quite correctly, if the 
stress is forgotten or misplaced. 3rd. There is 
something which I can only rail the English tune 
for want of a belter name, which when once learnt, it 
becomes much easier to understand and to speak 
English, and which 1 think should be taught from the 

Thirdly. The size of the class. — This is a very im- 
portant point about which experts are roughly agreed. 
I am going to be dogmatic in Order to save lime. 
I believe that if a class be larger than from [2 to 15 
for an ordinary teacher, and from 15 to 29 for an 
extraordinary teacher the possible progress of the 
class is much retarded, and frequently the best 
methods cannot be used. If pupils and parents are 
willing for the pupils, to spend, for example, three hours 
over what they could learn in an hour why it seems to 
me a terrible waste of time, ana" most uneconomical, 
and 1 only hope that parents and pupils really 
understand the position. Again, if a teacher is 
willing to teach under such conditions as make 
the methods impossible, again it seems to me 
most wasteful of the teacher's time and energy. I 
only hope the teacher clearly understands, If we 
cannot afford to teach effectively all the pupils who 
want to learn English, my own view of the case is 
that it is better to chose out those who can profit most, 
and teach them properly. 

Fourthly. The lime to be devoted to learning Eng- 
lish. — I think the Japanese a very reasonable race, 
but I think some Japanese teachers of English are 
an exception to the rule, when they demand 10 
hours a week ! It is most important that much time 
should be given in the beginning, as it saves much 
time in the end to get over the first stages of la n- 
guflge learning quickly, therefore it is mosl desirable 
to have one lesson a day for the first 3 years, and 
after that the time can be lessened. Six hours a 

week for the first 3 years; but I am going to be 
paradoxical and say 110 one can learn English satis- 
factorily in class. I take it that the object of the 
class is to teach the boys how to learn for themselves 
out of class. Home work in language teachin" is 
most important. If I have taught a boy how to pro- 
duce a new sound correctly, he still requires a grea.t 
deal of drill in order to pronounce it easily, but that is 
his business not mine. It should be done out of class. 
Again to learn by heart is most important. It is my 
business to see that the pupil understands perfectly 
the specimen of prose or poetry to be learnt, but it is 
! his business to learn it perfectly, 
j Fifthly. The function of the foreign teacher. — This 
! is a burning question, but I rather like attacking 
J burning questions. My audience includes Japanese 
I and foreign teachers, and I have been myself a 
I foreign teacher in Japan. This might appear to be 
an awkward problem for me to discuss here. But 
there is in my country an awkward plant called " a 
nettle." If you hold it doubtfully and tenderly it 
stings you. If you grasp it strongly, quickly and 
: fearlessly it does you no harm. This is the way in 
j which I shall attempt to treat this thorny problem. I 
1 am strongly of an opinion that native teachers are 
best for the first four years, but there are obvious 
j advantages if after that they can be supplemented by 
[a foreign teacher. Also under present Japanese 
conditions, many Japanese teachers during those first 
' 4 years want the help of a foreigner. The Japanese 
\ teacher must of course be finally responsible for his 
] class, he must be free lo utilise the foreign teacher 
. much or little, but I believe he would utilise him a 
' good deal. If, for example, a really able foreign 
teacher (I mean, of course, an university man, such an 
I one as could be obtained, let us say, for ^300 a year, 
i or a woman with a corresponding degree for ,£200 a 
year) if a teacher of this kind be attached to 1 5 or 20 
' schools he, or she, could hold conversational classes 
for the teachers, give information on pronounciation, 
i and books, and allusions to English life, and Eng- 
1 lish literature, on new methods, etc., and be in fact 
a kind of convenient human dictionary for the Japa- 
■ nese teachers of English, as well as take some of the 
j higher classes and an occasional demonstration class 
j for the benefit of the teachers. This I think should be 
! the present function for the foreign teacher and you 
! obviously require for it some one who speaks Eng- 
I lish beautifully, is familar with the best English life, 
! and has had the best English education. I always 
tell my pupils that the real function of a teacher is to 
teach his pupils to do without him, and the function 
of a foreign teacher is, 1 think, so to help Japanese 
teachers that they can soon do without him. 

My sixth point is the relative unimportance of text 
books. — A poor teacher cannot really be turned into 
a good teacher by means of a good Reader, and if a 
teacher really understands his business he can use 
admirably even a moderate Reader. Nothing struck 
me more during my first visit to America than the 
importance which they attach to text books. 1 was 
glad to find that the great educationalists of Ameiica 
agreed that it w as the conception of American book- 
sellers and local officials and not the opinion of 
American teachers which gave them their false im- 
portance. In England we give teachers great liberty 
in the use of text books, and no official or document 
of our Mombusho ever recommends a textbook. 

My seventh and last point is the importance of 
real books in language learning. — Of course the 
easiest way of learning a language is to hear it on 
every side. When this is impossible (as it is in 
Japan unless a student goes to a foreign school, and 
even then it is only partly possible) (hen the next 
best thing is to read a great deal. i>y no other 
means can one learn accurately our absurd English 
spelling. Much of the time now devoted to spelling 
would be better devoted, even for spelling pur- 
poses, to reading. This is the easiest way of in- 
creasing one's vocabulary, and of learning English 
construction anil idioms. 1 do not mean reading a 
difficult book where constant reference has to be 
made to a dictionary, but rather reading a large 
number of very easy books, and first in school, with 
a prepared list of words, and the teacher ready to 
help. I mean that each boy should read quietly 
by himself, and, w hen he has accumulated say half 
a dozen difficulties, get them removed by the teach- 
er. Then later he can read a good deal at home. 

I would like to remind you thai when the Japanese 
student has learnt to read English, he has the key 
to one of the best literatures in the world, a literature 
which is strongly moral, which upholds the serious- 
ness of life, the sacredness of home, and the respon- 
sibility of the citizen. Fortunately for England our 
literature is still alive and growing. The contribu- 
tions of last century are large and valuable. In order 
to read any good English books it is, however, neces- 
sary to know not only the English language but 
much about English life, and something of the 
sources of English literature. This is the informa- 
tion which an intelligent foreign teacher ought to 
supply, and this is really the chief gain of an intelli- 
gently arranged visit to England. 

1 must now turn resolutely away from all the other 



[July t2, 1902. 

interesting problems connected with language teach- 
ing, and come to the practical suggestion which I 
want to make. 

It is very important that Japanese students should 
speak English well. At present Japan is not satis- 
fied with its English teaching. What is to be done ? 

I know how busy Japanese teachers are, and 
how little time and energy they can spare out- 
side their work, but I am going to propose tak- 
ing up a small amount of their time by work 
that I believe will eventually save much time and 
energy. I am going to propose the formation 
of an Association for the improvement of Eng- 
lish teaching in Japan, an association that ought 
to be so effectively organised that every member 
shall do a little work, and no member shall be re- 
quired to do much. I mean an association which 
would be a kind of focus or centre for teachers of Eng- 
lish. There seem to me many obvious advantages 
in such a plan. It would bring together earnest, 
thoughtful teachers of English. If half a dozen blaz- 
ing coals are separated their heat tends to decrease, 
but bring them together, and the heat is increased. 
I towever earnest and enthusiastic we may be it does 
us much good to get into contact one with another. 
If a new book, ormethod, or famous language teacher 
appears on the scenes anywhere in the world, a 
small voluntary committee of the association 
might examine and report to the other members. 
Occasional conferences might be arranged. Any 
famous foreign teacher of language who might 
visit Japan might be utilised by the Association. 
It means much work for an individual to do any 
work of this kind, but divided among many, it would 
mean very little. I do not know w hat is the custom 
in Japan, but in England the Parliament never brings 
in a bill relating to education, The English Mombu- 
sho never issues a rule or regulation or even clause 
without the teachers meeting and discussing these 
matters and forming an intelligent opinion on them, 
and we publish this opinion, and if we think the 
Parliament or the Mombusho have done wisely we 
express our approval and encourage them, and if we 
think they have done unwisely we fight them. If 
you do this in Japan, this association would be a 
valuable instrument for such work. 

Again the association would enable Japanese 
teachers to learn more easily from one another. 
Many interesting experiments in language teaching 
are no doubt being tried, but few people profit by 
them. If there was an association which would en- 
courage and report on experiments, there would be 
much less monotony of method than there is at pre- 
sent. I confess I have been somewhat surprised to 
find teachers in one class of schools ignorant of im- 
portant facts concerning the teaching in another 
class of schools. You have in Japan public schools, 
private schools, and mission schools, and all three 
have certain special advantages, and certain special 
drawbacks. I do not propose to mention them as 
if I did, I suppose my life would be in danger ! Any 
how it seems very desirable that all these three 
classes of schools should be represented on such an 
association as I propose. And let me plead for one 
moment with the Japanese gentlemen present, as 1 
have often pleaded with English gentlemen — the 
time will come when men and women will have to 
work together, then let us begin to work together 
now. It will take Japanese women a long time to 
learn how to be useful on a committee. It has taken 
us a long time to learn in England, and many of us 
have not learned the lesson yet. In education more 
than in anything else probably it is important to have 
the woman's standpoint as well as the man's, there- 
fore I would suggest that the association should see 
that women are well represented on it. 

Everywhere have I been struck with the earnestness 
of Japanese students, and their great desire to learn 
English. They deserve the very best of teaching 
Again and again have I met Japanese teachers of 
English who have never been out of Japan speaking 
English wonderfully well, (and I know how much 
toil this entails) ; keen about their work, but working, 
it has often struck me, somewhat in a lonely fashion, 
and very grateful for intelligent criticism and sym- 
pathy. To such teachers such an association would 
be a great boon. 

I hope a large number of Japanese teachers of 
English will some day visit England, the home of the 
English language. A visit of 2 or 3 years is of course 
most desirable, but for many teachers this is im- 
possible and a great deal can be learnt in 6 
months, if the teacher carefully prepares beforehand, 
if the tour in England is carefully planned and if due 
notice is given to the many people in England who 
would gladly help. Such an association as I propose 
could greatly help teachers going to England. 

I will say frankly here what it will be unnecessary 
for me to say out of Japan that many Japanese 
teachers are still unfamiliar with some of the 
newest methods of the West and an association such 
as I have suggested could do much, possibly by a 
central library, or by lectures, or in other ways, to 
increase such knowledge among Japanese teachers 
with reference to English teaching. 

I see innumerable ways in which such an associa- 
tion, without demanding much work from anybody, 
but by co-operation and by utilising what already 
exists, could really do much valuable work. 

It seems but yesterday I made my 1irst speech 
here, to-day I make my last. In the intervening 
time I have learnt much about Japanese education, 
and have made many friends among Japanese 
teachers and students. I have developed such an 
interest in Japanese education that even across the 
thousands of miles that separate your country from 
mine, I shall hope often to hear the rapid progress 
of Japanese education, of the valuable work done by 
the Imperial Education Society, and I am optimistic 
enough to hope that I shall also hear of the good 
work done by an Association for the Improvement of 
English Teaching in Japan. 



A decade and a half ago an editorial appeared 
in these columns the gist of which was that the 
great attention paid to teaching and learning the 
English language in Japan, had not been attend- 
ed with corresponding results. Similar state- 
ments were the starting points of lectures delivered 
on July 5th by Daron Kanda and Miss Hughes in 
the hall of the Imperial Educational Society on 

which the Japanese student puts his knowledge of 
English. It seems that in the blind rush to be- 
come an English scholar the runner has set no 
goal clearly before him. At present, though il 
seems that the ability to read alone should be the 
goal of many, we may say that all have the desire 
to speak English. The facilities for the accom- 
plishment of this object not being sufficient many 
fail to reach any goal at all. Had their efforts 
been confined to obtaining the ability to read with 
ease, they might be in a position to enjoy the best 
of English literature instead of being stranded 
unable to do any one thing well. 

With regard to teaching, Miss Hughes said that 
there should be no translation until the fourth, 
or fifth, year in the study of English, because 
the true object is to make students think in 
English and not to translate from Japanese. 
Comparing this ideal with the actual we find that 
translation from English into Japanese is the 
chief lesson during the first four or five years in 
the study of English. Translation is easy to 
teach, and it is easy to set examination questions 
in translation, and there may be some other like 
advantages in making this the chief lesson. 

As to the size of the class. Miss Hughes said 
that there should not be over fifteen pupils for an 

the occasion of the farewell meeting tendered to , ordinary teacher, nor over twenty for a teacher of 
Miss Hughes. Baron Kanda said that after j extraordinary ability. With larger classes the 
many years devoted to the study and teaching of i best methods cannot be used. In Japanese schools 
English he felt dissatisfied with the results, and ; therc are probably few classes smaller than twenty, 
therefore travelled to Germany to investigate the bllt > smce 11 1S not attempted- to use the new 
methods of teaching foreign languages in use 'methods, this matter is of no practical importance 
there. Miss Hughes made 'the broader statement at present. It suggests, however, a great count- 
that among the teachers of English in Japan there 1 »"K of tlie cos ' lf ' l T be decided to introduce 
was a general dissatisfaction with the results. j the nevv methods. Not only would the teachers 
,„ , ,. . - j ., , , • 'have to be trained much more carefully than at 

To be dissatisfied with the results is a natural ; Qt but the number wou , d h perhaps, to 
tendency more wholesome in its effects than com- ! , )e near , doublec l. r t wou [ d be mor ' e practical 
forting in its operation. To expect results alto- j t0 diminish the number of stu dents by weeding 
gether equal to the efforts expended is unreason- j out those who are studying English without clear- 
able. I heoretically water rises as high as its ] y knowing why they are doing so-a class by no 
source, practically it never does so It might means sma ll, for if English is "fashionable " that is 
however be of interest to consider whether there ; a ite svifficien t reason with many for studying it. 
is reason for the same degree of dissatisfaction , Related to this question of diminishing the 
now as there was fifteen years ago 1 o do so 1 number of pupils is Miss Hughes's fourth point, 
would involve measuring the vastly increased ; that the early srages of the WO rk of teaching a 
eftort now given to the teaching of English. It f„ ro ; rr „ i,„ m „„ B ck nn M ,w ™,„„,-i l_ 

s of more practical importance to consider the 
present status of English teaching in Japan, and 
this — imperfectly it must be confessed — can be 
conveniently done in connection with a review of 
the lectures referred to above. 

Baron Kanda, one of the best exponents of the 

foreign language should not be spread over too 
long a time. But in Japan if we increase the 
amount of English teaching in the lower classes 
we increase the amount of effort that has little, or 
no, reward. Of those who begin the study of 
English in the higher primary school, or in the 
middle school, comparatively few continue their 

new school of teachers in Japan, spoke of the ; studies to the point at which their knowledge of 
conflict in Germany between the new methods ■ English becomes of practical use. Must such 
of language teaching and the old. He said that students be made to spend more time on the study 
while the question of methods was still unsettled of English than they do at present? Rather it 
the results obtained in practice were much greater , would seem wise to make English in some degree 
than those obtained in Japan. This comparison is, 1 elective in the middle schools so that those 
of course, unfair to Japan. The Germans are fitted , who expect to continue the study of English can 
by heritage and similarity of language to acquire ' be separated from those who do not, and who 
English readily, while the Japanese, who have j cumber the ground for those who do. 
never had any concern before with speaking a j Fifthly> Miss Hughes said that the question of 
foreign language, have neither of these great j the foreign teacher was a burning one and one 
advantages. Even m Germany it lias required j that needed to be grasped like a nettlc th h 
a long time for these new methods to become able she did not say what the special difficulties were 
even to dispute the ground with the old. From ghe complimented the Japanese teachers on their 
the account given by Baron Kanda of the apph- 1 attainme nts, and said that for the first three or 
cation of these new methods one feels that the , four years in the study of EllgIish j apanese teach . 
time has not yet come for their adoption by Japan- 1 ers are undoubtedly the best. After that they 
nese teachers. Their use requires a command of < need some help Her rema rks were very much 
language, and fertility of resource, beyond the ; condensed and at this point the interpreter— who 
attainment of nearly all Japanese teachers at pre- performed a marvellous feat of memory and of 
sent. The German teacher is not perfect in pro- ( interpretation— did not add to the impression 
nunciation, nor always correct in grammar, but , pvoduced by the original. The idea seemed to 
he thinks in English and speaks freely on the spur. be that one foreign teacner shouId be attached to 
of the moment. Of these so-called new methods j several schools m < a kind of superior ]j ving d j c . 
it is commonly said « they are good for the pupils ! tionavy > t0 he l p the teachers, and to take some 
but they take it out of the teacher." Now before of the higher classes This would ])e a radical 
a method can take anything out ofa teacher much departure, and one perhaps novel in the teaching 
must be first put in. Miss Hughes said delicately of a foreign kmeuage. It cannot be compared 
that she would say here, what it would not be w ith anything that has been, or is,— nor, probably, 
necessary to say elsewhere, that Japanese teachers with anything that will be— in |a pa nese schools, 
are not acquainted, m general, with the new if it be adopted the present position of the foreign 
methods. It seems that she might have gone a employee in Japan must be very much altered, 
step further in her statement. | W ith regard to text-books, Miss Hughes said 

Elsewhere in the Japan Mail has appeared that they are of comparatively little importance, 
a verbatim report of the lecture delivered and that a good teacher can use even poor text- 
by Miss Hughes, but I will take up one or two books. Compared with the teacher it is true that 
of her points. First with regard to the use to the book is of little importance, but in Japan a 

July 12, 1902.] 


good teacher may be hindered very much by 
being compelled to use books too difficult for his 
pupils. On account of the unreasonably difficult 
questions in translation set in the examinations 
for entrance to higher schools the teacher in a 
middle school is compelled to teach his students 
— if perchance he can do so — how to translate the 
essays of Burke, or Macaulay, the Pursuit of 
Happiness, and such like food for grown men. 
He must be an unusually good teacher who 
can make much out of such books except a 
certain per cent, of successes in an entrance 
examination. The question of text-books is, or 
should be, a burning one, for there are few adapt- 
ed to the ability and needs of the pupils. 

Finally, Miss Hughes emphasized the need of 
work by the pupil. She said that the object of 
the teacher should be to enable the pupil to do 
without him. With regard to this point also we 
must say that the actual condition is far from the 
ideal. To an extent almost unknown elsewhere 
the teacher is expected to do all the work, while 
the pupil will, for a few days, retain useless know- 
ledge for the purposes of an examination. 

It is not necessary here to consider the remedy 
that Miss Hughes proposed for all the ills and 
lacks that Japanese teachers are heir to. It was, 
in short, an association of teachers from govern- 
ment, private, and mission schools, in which each 
one should do something and no one nothing. 

That such lectures are called for is necessary. 
For advance it is necessary that many problems, 
touched upon above, should be clearly perceived. 
Miss Hughes will probably report more fully 
elsewhere on the actual conditions in Japanese 
schools. Few have had such opportunities to 
make investigations as she has had; and few, 
probably, are more competent to give advice. 

F M. 


Born* in Japan v. The Rest. 

Punctuality is not one of the shining virtues of 
the members of the V. C. and A. C, and there- 
fore it was nothing very surprising that the 
match, Born in Japan 7'crsi/s The Rest, started 
half an hour late on Saturday afternoon. This 
event is now a classic among the fixtures of the 
Club, the present being the fourth encounter. Twice 
before victory has rested with the Born in Japan, 
and once, playing without matting be it said, they 
were ignominously dismissed for 26 runs. On the 
present occasion they proved easy victors, though 
playing one man short. 

The weather was perfect, the sun being veiled 
at times by a thin haze of fleecy clouds, while 
the breeze was more or less constant throughout 
the afternoon. Winning the toss, the Born in 
Japan went to the wicket, sending out the Kilby 
Brothers to face the bowling of Fradgley and 
White. Harry Kilby began with a single off 
White's second delivery, but E. W. Kilby started 
his score with a 3, off the same bowler. Then 
they settled down to steady work and half an hour 
after the match began 30 was hoisted, only one 
boundary for 4 being among the hits — made by E. 
W. Kilby. Then Abbott relieved White of the 
leather, and E. B. S. YA wards went on to bowl at 
the Settlement end, Fradgley being taken off there. 
The next twenty runs were made in a little over ten 
minutes, both batsmen being well set, and playing 
good cricket. At 53 E. W. Maitland went on 
to bowl, relieving Abbott. E. W. Kilby had by 
now knocked up 27 and H. W. Kilby 26 runs. In 
Edwards' next over, Brady gave H. W. Kilby a 
life, though the catch was a bit difficult, and this 
and the following over were maidens. A separa- 
tion was at length effected, H. W. Kilby being 
sent back l.b.w. in an attempt to pull a short ball 
from Edwards across to leg — 58-1-28. P. B. 
Clarke filled the vacancy, and E. W. Kilby mak- 
ing a couple off Maitland 60 was hoisted. A 
boundary was made by the same batsman next 
ball, and he snicked a single with the fifth deli- 
very of the over. Before Clarke could break his 
duck he lost Kilby, who was smartly caught low 
down behind the wicket by Crawford, off Mait- 
land — 68-2-37. Strome now partnered Clarke 
and began with a couple off Maitland, while 
in the following over Clarke managed to start 

his score by sending Edwards to leg for 2. With 
the score at 75, Stuart took over the bowling 
from Maitland and for a while things were 
dull ; then Edwards found Strome's middle 
stump — 77-3-2. The vacancy was filled by 
Allcock, who at once sent Edwards to square leg 
for 3 ; he made another 3 and then was clean 
bowled, middle stump, by the same bowler- 
87-4-6. Kingdon joined Clarke, but after 
knocking up a couple was sent back to the 
Pavilion, Edwards neatly lifting his bails — 
93-5-2. An even shorter stay was made by 
W. S. Moss — 94-6-0. Then Wheeler joined 
Clarke and in the first over saw his partner's 
middle stump disturbed by Edwards — 94-7-14. 
Pollard partnered Wheeler at ten minutes to 4 
o'clock, and after making a couple was stumped 
by Crawford — 97-8-2. Goddard, the new-comer, 
brought the score up to 100 with a hit to the 
boundary at 3 minutes to four. He made another 
single and a 3, and was then held by Edwards, 
the score standing at 105. The side being a 
man short, the innings were declared closed. 

Born in Japan. 

E. W. Kilby, c. Crawford, b. Maitland 37 

H. W. Kilby, l.b.w., b. Edwards 28 

P. B. Clarke, b. Edwards 14 

O. Strome, b. Edwards 2 

G. C. Allcock, b. Edwards 6 

A. Kingdon, b. Edwards 2 

W. S. Moss, l.b.w., b. F. O. Stuart o 

S. Wheeler, not out o 

F. Pollard, st. Crawford, b. Stuart 2 

H. Goddard, c. Edwards, b. Stuart 7 

b. 3, l.b. 3, no b. 1 7 



o o 

o o 

o o 

3 5 

0 I 

1 * 


Bowling Analysis. 

B. K. 

F. E. White 30 1 2 

E. G. Fradgley 30 13 

F. J. Abbott 16 13 

E. 15. S. Edwards ... 84 33 

E. W. Maitland 30 \z 

F. O. Stuart 39 15 

The Rest went to bat about ten minutes past 

four, F. E. White and A. R. Firth facing the 
bowling of P. B. Clarke and E. W. Kilby. 
White began with a single off Clarke, and he 
made another off Kilby in the next over. Then 
Firth rather unexpectedly drove Kilby to square 
leg for 3, stepping out to meet the ball ; but in 
the next over, met his fate, P. B. Clarke sending 
him back, clean bowled — 7-1-3. Abbott opened 
with a single, off Clarke, and White followed with 
a 3, but the new comer, succumbed next ball, 
being stumped by Allcock — 11-2-1. Crawford 
partnered White but runs came very slowly on 
the dead wicket, and when White was caught and 
bowled by Kilby the score only stood at 13, of 
which the retiring bat had made 5. The rot 
was not stayed even when Maitland joined Craw- 
ford, for after a couple of maiden overs he played 
a ball from Kilby on to his own wicket — 13-4-0. 
Edwards, who next went to bat, began with the 
intention of knocking up runs if hard hitting 
could do it, and at a quarter to five 20 was 
telegraphed. The next ten came fairly steadily 
and then Edwards was cleaned bowled by Clarke 
— 30-5-16. Fradgley partnered Crawford but 
lost him fjuickly, the retiring bat being run out 
on a rather desperate venture — 32-6-4. Still the 
wickets fell as did the poppies before Tarquin, 
and at 39, Fradgley retired stumped; Dr. Martin 
followed him, clean bowled, — 41-8-3 ; while 
Stuart was caught by H. AV. Kilby — 44-9-2. 
Brady was the last to go in, and with the inevit- 
able luck attending the position of fag-end, had 
only just arrived at the crease when Clarke very 
cleverly caught Bugbird — 44-10-3. 

The Rest. 

F. E. White, c. and b. E. W. Kilby 5 

A. R. Firth, b. Clarke 3 

F. J. Abbott, st. Allcock, b. Clarke 1 

K. F. Crawford, run out 4 

W. Maitland, b. E. W. Kilby o 

E. B. S. Edwards, b. Clarke 16 

E. G. Fradgley, st. Allcock, b. Clarke 4 

P. Martin, b. E. W. Kilby 3 

F. H. Bugbird, c. and b. Clarke 3 

F. O. Stuart, c. H. W. Kilby, b. Clarke 2 

G. G. Brady, not out o 

b -3 3 


Bowling Analysis. 

B. R. M. W. 

P. B. Clarke 60 22 2 6 

E. W. Kilby 54 19 3 3 

The light still holding good, the Born in 
Japan went in again for a second innings, with the 
following result : — 

2ND Innings. 

Q. Strome, b. White t 

H. Goddard, b. Bugbird 13 

A. Kingdon, did not bat — 

F. Pollard, l.b.w., b. Bugbird 2 

G. C. Allcock, not out a 

W. S. Moss, not out 15 

S. Wheeler "] 

H. W. Kilby , , , 
E. W. Kilby [ t0 bat ' 
P. B. Clarke J 

b. 5, 1. b. 1 6 

Bowling Analysis. 

B. R. M. W. 

G. G. Brady 24 8 1 — 

F. E. White 24 15 — 1 

P. Martin 24 10 — — 

F. Ft. Bugbird 24 8 2 2 



Henry R. Merton & Co., of London, have 
compiled their annual circular on the copper 
production of the world in 1901. We give 
below the estimates of this firm, for all countries 
save the United States and Canada, and Brad- 
streets substitutes for the former country the figures 
collected by the Engineering and Mining Journal, 
and for the latter, those of the Government. 
Here are the figures in long tons : 

1901. 1900. 

Austria 1,015 865 

England 600 650 

Germany 21,720 20,410 

Hungary 320 490 

Italy 3,000 2,955 

Norwa y 3.375 3.935 

Russia , 8,000 8,000 

Sweden 450 450 

Spain and Portugal 53,621 52,872 

Turkey 980 ' 520 

Totals, Europe 93,081 91,147 

Bolivia 2,000 21,000 

Chile 30,000 25,700 

Peru 9,520 8,220 

Totals, South America 41,520 36,020 

Canada 18,282 8,446 

Mexico 24,795 22,050 

Newfoundland 2,000 1,000 

Totals, North America 45.077 32,396 

Australasia 30.875 23,000 

Japan 27,475 27,840 

Cape of Good Hope 6,400 6,720 

Totals, outside of U. S 244,428 217,123 

United States 270,616 268,229 

Totals 515,044 485,350 

Totals, metric tons 523,285 493,118 

The increase in the total copper production of 
the world in 1901 as compared to the previous 
year was 29,692 tons, or 6.1 per cent. The in- 
crease in the production of the United States was 
only 2,387 tons, or 0.9 per cent, while that of 
the rest of the world showed a gain of 27,305 
tons, or 12.6 per cent. In 1900 the United 
States furnished 55.3 per cent, of the world's sup- 
ply, while in 1901 the proportion was 52.5 per 
cent. The important increases shown in produc- 
tion last year were those of 17 per cent, in Chile, 
of 16 per cent, in Peru, of 34 per cent, in Austra- 
lasia, of 13 per cent, in Mexico and of 116 per 
cent, in Canada. Spain remains the largest pro- 
ducer, next to the United States. 

Malakand has recently been the scene of an 
interesting find. A coolie at work turned up 
from the ground by the side of a tree some eighty 
or ninety gold coins said to be ancient, very rare, 
and consequently of great value. Being very 
dirty many of the coins were sold by him for a 
mere nothing or exchanged for tobacco. An 
expert avers that they are Indo-Scythian and that 
the British Museum possesses only one specimen 
like them. 

I July 12, Mjol. 


On board S.S. Gaelic, 

July 4th, 1902. 

)nst five days out from Honolulu ! It seems as 
if it should be six, but having gained a day in time 
instead of to-day being Thursday, the third, it is 
the Glorious 4th, Friday. We awoke this morning 
to find ourselves in the 180th degree of latitude, 
and in the Eastern Hemisphere. On entering the 
saloon we were astonished at the lavish and 
artistic decorations, with the flags of all nations 
showing boldly up. We were a small party on 
board, sixteen and three little people, but not- 
withstanding this we managed to celebrate this 
great day in true American fashion. The differ- 
ent nationalities on board contributed towards 
making the day a complete success. We ladies 
had arranged a surprise for the gentlemen, 
but as the day wore on it became quite 
rough, and had it not been for Mrs. Tilden our 
festivities would in all probability have fallen 
through. After tea she summoned us to her 
cabin, and for the next two hours we were a busy 
little band. We were going to dine as " coon " 
ladies. After we were thoroughly blackened 
Mrs. Tilden draped us most artistically in flags. 
Mrs. Tegner made a charming " mammie " in 
her black gown and bandana with a white rose 
stuck in it. Mrs. Tilden also made a pretty 
Aunt Cloe, draped in British flags and scarlet 
bandana. Miss Broghan looked very well as 
Topsy, draped in Old Glory, and flaring red 
kerchief. Mrs. Knights also looked well, and 
was well made up, draped in flags. Miss Draper. 
" drapered " in the (). and O. flag, was quite the 
thing. Draped in the Gaelic's house flag Mrs. 
Bottenheim looked well and acted up to the part. 

The gentlemen having been told to go in to 
dinner, shortly after seven o'clock we ladies 
marched in to the strain of the " Georgia Gamp 
Meeting," beautifully rendered by Mr. Morphy, 
doing the cake-walk-step around the saloon, and 
so on to our seats. The surprise was perfect, 
and everyone was in a gale of mirth for the rest 
of the evening. Our gallant and genial Captain 
Finch, R.N.R., then proposed the toast of the 
evening, and the Glorious Fourth was drunk in 
champagne to the strains of the " Star Spangled 
Banner." The ladies had been requested to 
write an Ode to the Fourth of July, the prize 
being a charming Honolulu souvenir. The 
Chairman of the Committee called for order, and 
announced that two poems being equally good, 
the Committee could not decide which was the 
better one, so we were compelled to draw lots. 
The lucky number fell to Mrs. Tegner for the 
following lines : — 

The Fourth of July is the day for me, 

The Glorious Fourth with its echo so free. 
The roar of the drum and the sound of the band 

Make hearts thrill with pride throughout the land. 
And many memories of past and of old 

Of the brave boys in blue have been told. 
Vet the boom of the cannon each year, 

And the old sound of the rockets, and bombs so 

Makes the heart of every good Yankee thrill 
For the Glorious Fourth, and now let us till 

Our ^hisses, and drink to the flag 

With its Stars and Stripes, the dear old rag. 

Hurrah ! ! ! 

The other poem, written by Miss Rosalie Bot- 
tenheim, was as follows : — 

The Yankees look high 

On Fourth of July 
To have such a bully time. 

And the British sigh 

On the Fourth of July 
To have lost so goodly a mine. 

Let no ill feelings 

This great day mar 

But for the Stars and the Stripes 

Give a bully hurrah ! ! ! 

And for which she was awarded a Souvenir. 
After dinner we were entertained by " Topsy " 
and Mr. Morgan in a most fetching cake walk 
and other dances. We were also photographed 
by flash light. We drank the health of the Com- 
mander and Officers, who had done so much to 
make the evening so successful, and returned a 
vote of thanks to Mrs. Tilden, and concluded the 
evening by singing " For She's a Jolly Good 
Fellow." Mrs. A. H. BOTTENHEIM. 



In the Yokohama Chiho Saibansho on Thurs- 
day morning, before Judge Kato, the hearing 
was resumed of the suit, adjourned from June 
iXth, brought by Mr. Adolphe JoVansen, formerly 
manager of the Club Hotel, Ltd., Yokohama, 
against the Club Hotel, claiming yen 18,775 
damages in consequence of sudden dismissal from 
the post of manager. 

Air. fdeura appeared for plaintiff and Mr. 
Sawada for defendants. 

Counsel for defendants said that Mrs. Clyde, 
who was to have appeared as a witness at the 
present hearing, left Yokohama for China about 
June 27th, but that she will return to this port 
shortly, when she may be summoned to the Court. 

Counsel for plaintiff said that there was a point 
which he would like to explain. This referred 
to the sum claimed by his client, in which 
were included travelling expenses and other 
charges for plaintiff's wife, which defendants 
thought quite unreasonable. According to the 
contract between plaintiff and defendants, the 
latter agreed to give plaintiff and his wife 25 
pounds per month for the first year of their ser- 
vices, 2 7 pounds and 1 4 pence (?) for the second 
year and 30 pounds for the third year. In other 
words, plaintiff and his wife were engaged bv de- 
fendants and it was therefore quite just and pro- 
per for plaintiff to claim the sum above referred 
to. As previously stated, plaintiff was suddenly 
dismissed from the post of manager of the Hotel, 
and was obliged to return to England in con- 
sequence, the post at the Grand Hotel, which 
plaintiff obtained shortly after his dismissal, being 
of a temporary character. 

The Judge asked plaintiff's Counsel whether the 
cancelling of the contract by the Club Hotel 
applied to plaintiff only or to both plaintiff and 
his wife. 

Plaintiffs Counsel replied that the contract 
was drawn up for both plaintiff and his wife. In 
view of this, though his wife was still in the Club 
Hotel yet the contract became null and void as 
regarded his wife. In short, plaintiff had a right 
to claim damages for himself and his wife. 
Counsel added that his client was experienced in 
directing the affairs of hotels in Europe and that 
after plaintiff joined the Club Llotel as manager 
there had been an increase in the receipts of the 

Defendants' Counsel contended that at the 
previous hearing plaintiff stated that became to 
Yokohama, resigning his post in England, and 
took up the post of manager of the Club Hotel. 
This statement was utterly false. Counsel pro- 
duced a printed document forwarded to the Club 
Hotel froma Europeannurse of the Nursing Associa- 
tion attached to the British Legation, who alleged 
that the plaintiff had behaved improperly toward 
her when she was staying at the Club Hotel. It 
read as follows : — " In reference to the present 
! affair, I should like to remark that Jovansen 
I applied for the post of manager of the Metropole 
Hotel, Tokyo, in answer to an advertisement 
which appeared in the Caterer (an English news- 
paper circulating among hotels) and that as the 
post of manager of the Metropole Hotel had been 
already filled by the time his application reached 
Japan his application was passed over to the 
Directors of the Club Hotel by Mr. John W. 
Hall and he was engaged by the Club Hotel 
through the London agent of Mr. Hall." When 
the above passage was read, the Judge announced 
that there was no necessity for Counsel to con- 
tinue reading. 

Plaintiff's Counsel said he understood that 
Mrs. Clyde, who was expected to appear to-day 
as a witness, had been purposely sent away from 
Yokohama by defendants. 

Counsel for defendants said he would have 
asked the Court to examine as witnesses two 
European nurses belonging to the Nursing 
Association, towards whom the plaintiff was 
alleged to have behaved improperly while in the 
Club Hotel, but as these ladies were too busy to 
attend the Court they sent to the Club Hotel a 
written document, which had been first submitted 
to Lady MacDonald by them. The document 

was produced by Counsel to the Judge, but the 
latter refused to accept it, saying that he would 
consider this point. 

It was then arranged to summon as witnesses 
Mr. Hopkins, Secretary of the club Hotel, and 
Mr. Cotte, proprietor of the Restaurant de Paris, 
No. 75, Yokohama, at the next hearing. The 
case was adjourned sine dir. 


In the Yokohama Chiho Saibansho on Saturday 
morning before Judge Iriye, the hearing was 
resumed of the suit instituted by Mr. Saito Tora- 
kichi, timber merchant, of Ishikawa Nakamachi, 
against Mr. V. Hahn, of Negishi, claiming from 
the latter yen 75 alleged to be the balance due 
on a contract. Plaintiffs case was that he had 
supplied materials amounting to yen 1,456 to a 
carpenter who had contracted to do building 
work for the defendant, that the carpenter died 
without paying him and that he then claimed 
the amount from the defendant who pro- 
mised to pay yen 150. Defendant stated that 
he had agreed to do so under threats and that he 
could not pay the remaining half of the money 
tnd had so intimated to the plaintiff. A man 
named Isoda was examined and testified that the 
defendant agreed to pay yen 150. 

On the application of the defendant it was 
decided to recall this witness. 

In the Yokohama Ku Saibansho on Thursday 
morning, before Judge Iriye, the hearing was re- 
sumed of the suit, adjourned from June 26th, 
brought by Mr. Saito Torataro, No. 4, Itchome, 
Ishikawa, Yokohama, against Mr. C. Hahn, No. 
4,221, Negishi, Yokohama, claiming yen 75 with 
live per cent, interest from November 1st, 1901, 
until the execution of judgment, costs of the case 
to be borne by defendant. 

Plaintiff was represented by Mr. Minagawa 
and defendant by Mr. Nagashima, although at the 
previous hearing defendant appeared in person. 

Mr. M. Isoda, interpreter of the German Con- 
sulate, was examined as a witness. The Judge 
asked witness whether he had ever been asked 
either by defendant or plaintiff to act as inter- 
preter with regard to the present affair. Witness 
replied that some time ago he was asked to do so 
by a Mr. Kaneko Umekichi, who acted as re- 
presentative for plaintiff, who then demanded from 
defendant 75 yen. The defendant refused to 
comply with plaintiff's request on the ground that 
the plaintiff used inferior materials in the con- 
struction of the house belonging to defendant. 
Witness added that he only acted as interpreter 
and had no connection whatever with the case. 

Counsel for defendant asked witness whether 
it was customary for the interpreter of a Consulate 
to act for the benefit of persons outside the Con- 
sulate, when applied to. The witness said that 
whenever application was made to the German 
Consulate asking for assistance he used to comply 
with the application, provided that permission 
was granted by the Consul. 

Plaintiffs Counsel applied to the Court 
to summon as a witness Mr. Iwasasa Sutejiro, of 
No. 4, Nichome Ogimachi, Yokohama, who 
knew particulars of the present affair, especially 
about exhibit No. 1, which is said to have been 
written by defendant who in it promised to 
present plaintiff and some others with yen 150, 
one-half of which sum had already been paid by 
defendant as stated in the previous hearing. 

Counsel for defendant asked the Court to post- 
pone the proceedings, as he had not (mite 
prepared himself. This was granted and the 
case was adjourned sine die. 

Judgment was delivered in the Yokohama 
Chiho Saibansho, by Judge Kano, on Monday 
morning in the case of Mr. H. C. Pigott, against 
Mr. ftioki, Bankruptcy Administrator in the 
estate of Messrs. Mourilyan, Heimann & Co., 
Yokohama, claiming certain articles said to have 
been stored on the premises of the bankrupt linn 
and unlawfully attached by the Administrator as 
part of the estate. Plaintiff's case was dismissed 
with costs. Particulars of the plaint appeared in 
the J'ffrf'i Mail of July 3rd. 

July 12, 1902.] 


A few days ago the Yokohama Chilio Saiban 
sho pronounced judgment in the case of Fujita 
Seijiro, of Onoye-cho, Yokohama, and Yoshida 
Jirokichi, of Chitose-cho, Yokohama, who were 
recently prosecuted by the Yokohama Electric | 
Light Company for having secretly conducted the 
electric current of the Company to Fujimura's 
house. The accused were sentenced to three 
months' major confinement each and six months' 
police surveillance. 

In the Yokohama Ku Saibansho on Tuesday 
morning, before Judge Irive, was heard an 
action brought by M. Martin, No. 55, Yoko- 
hama, against Itogawa Mankichi, of Ishikawa, 

Plaintiff appeared in person and defendant was 
represented by Mr. Tamura. 

The plaintiff, through the Court interpreter, 
stated that in April this year a decision was given 
by default in the Court in favour of plaintiff and 
defendant was ordered to paint the sign-board at 
plaintiff's premises and to pay damages at the 
rate of \enyen per day from Nov. 4th, 1901, to 
Ian. 9th this year. In accordance with this judg- 
ment the plaintiff, through a bailiff, visited the 
defendant's house for the purpose of attaching his 
property, but there was nothing to be seized. 
He farther said that he would like to conduct his 
case with the aid of Counsel, although he had 
employed Mr. Magaki in the previous hearings. 

The Judge said that defendant had protested 
against the decision given by default in favour of 
of plaintiff and as the Court thought this protest 
reasonable the present case would be heard. The 
Judge advised plaintiff to engage Counsel to 
conduct his case and this advice was accepted 
by plaintiff. The case was adjourned sine die. 

It is reported from Osaka that the Osaka Chiho 
Saibansho pronounced judgment on July 7th in 
the case of Nakajima Narataro, formerly in charge 
of the accountant section of the Nippon Life 
Assurance Company, and of Takemura Toyojiro, 
official of the company, who were lately prosecut- 
ed by the company on a charge of having 
embezzled over yen 4,600. The former was 
sentenced to one year and six months' imprison- 
ment with hard labour and the latter to one year's 
imprisonment with hard labour. 

Judgment was delivered in the Yokohami 
Chiho Saibansho on Wednesday morning, by 
Judge Kano, in the cas* of Messrs. Mendelson j 
Bros., Yokohama, against Mr. Tanaka Nijuro, of 
Kyobashi, Tokyo, asking that the latter should 
take delivery of one hundred tons of manure im- 
ported on defendant's order. Plaintiffs' case was 
dismissed and they were ordered to repay defendant 

the sixteen candle-power being the largest lamps I Maru 3,000 boxes of tea to Halbin and 2,500 
in tiie rooms. | boxes to Strechinsk, and it is stated that the firm 

The Judge asked whether or not the Electric is in receipt of many orders from various parts of 
Light Company received a letter from defendants' Siberia. The Asalii says in this connection that 
representative, with regard to the supply of the J it is no exaggeration to state that the future 
electric light. Witness replied that the Company < prosperity of Japan's tea trade mostly depends 

once received a letter from some representative 
of defendants but that lie could not recall the 
contents of the letter. 

Counsel for plaintiff said that t he electric lamps 
in the rooms were all of sixteen candle-power 
before Nov. 15th last year, but after that date 
three were converted into twenty-four candle- 
power, as already stated at the previous hearing. 
Plaintiff's bill for lighting increased after Nov. 
1 6th last year and he had to pay the increased 
charges until some time in April this year, at the 
rate of yen 7.81 per month. 

The Judge asked witness how the rent of the 
light was assessed on plaintiff every month. 

Witness said that charges were generally cal- 
culated by means of a meter, and the Electric 
Company's bills for plaintiff showed that yen 
13.99 were charged for September, 1901, yen 
10.48 for October, the same year, yen 22.25 f° r 
December, the same year, yen 27.32 for January, 
1902, yen 21.06 for February, yen 23.80 for 
March, and yen 11. 01 for April. As to the 
number of electric lamps, there were 22 in 
September and October, 1901, but these were 
increased to 25 after November 16 the same year. 
In December these were reduced to 13 and in 
January, 1902, there were 13 lamps, in February 

upon the development of the export to Siberia 
and that Baron Komura's suggestion made at a 
recent meeting of tea merchants held in Shizuoka 
is well worth considering. 

The half-yearly general meeting of the Mitsui 
Bank, took place in the hall of the bank, Tokyo, 
on July 5th. The accounts presented by the 
Board of Directors and passed at the meeting 
were as follows : — ■ Yen. 

Net profit 311,000 

Brought forward from last account. 136,000 

Total 447,000 

To reserve 160,000 

Bonus 150,000 

Carried to next account 137,000 

The half-yearly general meeting of shareholders 
of the Osaka Shosen Kaisha will take place 
shortly at Osaka. The total receipts during the 
! first half of this year are reported to have 
j amounted to yen 2,969,856 and total expenses 
I to yen 2,122,290, leaving a balance of yen 
j 847,566. A dividend of ten per cent, will be 

j declared. 

I The Sumitomo Iron Works, at Osaka, whose 

12, in March 15 and in April 12 lamps respec- 
tively. He further said that in addition to one 
existing meter which was provided for lamps in 
three rooms, another special meter was fixed in 
one of the rooms, although he did not remember 
when it was installed. The installation of the special 
apparatus was only for the purpose of checking 
the amount of consumption of the electric current 
in the three rooms. For a long time past, Mr. 
Inouye Komajiro, of Motomachi, Yokohama, who 
appeared as a witness at t^e previous hearing, 
was authorized f o act as agent of the Yokohama 
Electric Light Company in the matter of installing 
electric lamps in this city and therefore lie, in 
compliance with the request of defendants, chang- 
three 16 candle-power lamps to 24 candle power 
in one of the rooms at No. 14, Bund, in November 
last year. Finally witness said that as the charges 
for all the lamps in three rooms were jo ntly 
calculated by the old existing meter apparatus — 
the new special apparatus being of no direct 
practical use so far as the present affair was con- 
cerned — the Electric Company sent its bills to 
plaintiff only. The case was adjourned sine die. 

business is at present confined to the making of 
anchors for the Japanese Navy and of wheels for 
railways, is in future going to turn out tires. The 
new business will be started as soon as an expert, 
now in Europe, returns home. 


The Sample Museum attached to the Depart- , 
ment of Agriculture and Commerce recently! 

yen 1,200, which the latter had deposited with the; received froin p aris a [ arge assortment of stuffs 
firm as bargain money when the contract was ar- 
ranged tetween the parties. Particulars of the j 
case appeared in the Japan Mail of July 3rd. 

In the Yokohama Ku Saibansho on Wednesday 
morning, before Judge Tanuina, the hearing was 
resumed of the suit, adjourned from June 29th, 
brought by Mr. R. Masujima, barrister-at-law, 
No. 14, Yokohama, against Messrs. O. W. Heim 
and J. Kaufner, claiming yen 13.50. Mr. Hioki 
ap|xrared for plaintiff and Mr. Naito for defen- 
dants. As arranged at the previous hearing, Mr. 

for clothing now in vogue in the French capital. 
The new samples are exhibited in the third storey 
of the Museum. 

The Fujisawa-Enoshima section on the Eno- 
shima Electric Railway, now in course of construc- 
tion, will be opened for traffic on August 15 th. 
The work on the second section, namely between 
Enoshima and Kamakura, will he pushed forward 
with a view to opening during the course of this 

year. — 

On July 4th the Home Department issued in- 
structions to five fire insurance companies in 

A scheme is on foot at Osaka for organizing a 
street electric railway to be called the Osaka 
Shigai Denki Tetsudo Kaisha. The Company is 
backed by a capital of one million yen. An 
application for permission will be made to the 
Osaka authorities in a few days. Among the 
promoters are Mr. Noguchi Mohei and several 
influential persons. 

It is reported from Osaka that a section of the 
members of the Osaka Chamber of Commerce 
propose to dissolve the Chamber and the proposal 
is gradually gaining strength. The draft of this 
proposal was expected to be submitted to a 
meeting of the acting committee of the Chamber 
to be held on July 9th. The members in favour 
of dissolution, says the report, maintain that 
the Chamber had entirely lost weight in the mat- 
ter of directing affairs, both official and private, 
and is now looked upon as a heavy burden to the 
Osaka citizens. They further urge that it would 
I be far better for Osaka to have a private institu- 
tion of the kind, where important matters could be 
discussed as in the Chambers of Commerce abroad. 

The Kiwa Railway Company will issue deben- 
tures to the amount of yen 320,000 early in 

At a recent meeting of the Nishinari Railway 
Company, held at Osaka, it was agreed to prolong 
the line from Fuknsliima Station to Hanozono 
Bridge, via the river Aji-kawa and the foreign 
concession, a distance of two miles. The decision 
will be submitted for consideration at the coming 
regular general meeting of the Company. 

Uyeno Kichijiro, Manager of the Yokohama Elec- j Tokyo to call on shareholders to increase their 
trie Light Company, was examined as a witness. 1 paid-up capitals. The companies and the 
Replying to the Judge's questions, he stated that ' amounts of payment directed by the authorities 
was appointed Manager of the Electric Light are : yen 60,000 for the Buppin Fire Insurance 
Company in August, 1 89 r . As to the number Company ; yen 50,000 for the Nari ; yen 20,000 
of electric lamps and their illuminating capacity each for the Zaisan, the Nippon Ryokan and the 
in the rooms occupied by plaintiff, the diary of Naigai Fire Insurance Companies, 
the Company showed that prior to one of the j 

rooms being sub rented to defendants, namely 
before Nov. 15th last year, there were 22 lamps 
in the rooms, three clusters in all, and that three 
of the lamps were of five candle-power, six ten 
candle-power, and thirteen sixteen candle-power. 
]>ani|« exceeding sixteen candle-power were never 
used in these rooms, before Nov. 15th last year, 

In view of the possibility of Siberia becoming 
a market for Japanese tea, various tea merchants 
in this country are planning the export of the 
article, by every means possible. Among others, 
the Nagasaki Tea Refining Company, of Naga- 
saki, appears to have been very successful. On 
July 4th the Company forwarded by the Kokura 

The half-yearly meeting of shareholders of 
the Osaka Gas Company, Osaka, took place in 
its building on July 9th. The balance sheet for 
the first half of the current year showed that the 
Company incurred a loss of yen 5,452. At a 
special general meeting that followed a resolution 
was passed to increase the Company's capital 
from 350,000 to yen 400,000. At the instance 
of Mr. Tison, a foreign shareholder, it was agreed 
to place on record in future both in English and 
Japanese all the important business of the com- 
pany. Owing to the resignation of the Board of 
Directors, Mr. Tison nominated Messrs. Kataoka 
Naoteru, Abe Hikotaro, Kishi Seiichi, Matsubara 
Choyei and Parrish to the Board of Directors, and 
this was accepted. The meeting then broke up. 
Mr. N. Kataoka will, it is understood, be ap- 
pointed President of the Campany. 

Wfft»S*s;jttB»HH«tt[to3iir THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. [July 12, 1902. 


Mr. E. V. Sioen, formerly of the Club Hotel,! 
Yokohama, and latterly manager of the Hotel 
des Colonies, Shanghai, died of consumption at 
Shanghai on the 1st July. 

Mr. F. Herb, whose bail was withdrawn 
simultaneously with the rendering of the Preli- 
minary Court's decision, was released on bail on 
Thursday on depositing with the Court the sum 
ofjvv/ 1,000. 

The following announcement is made by the 
JV. C. Daily News apropos of the birth of the 
Prince Imperial's second son: "The family of 
the Crown Prince and Princess now consists of 
two sons and four daughters." 

It seems that some damage was caused by the 
Sachsen's stern hawsers on Monday afternoon 
dining the heavy squall. Two bollards were 
snapped and a considerable quantity of adjacent 
woodwork on the pier was damaged. 

We acknowledge with thanks receipt of a 
report on "The Silk Industry of America, as 
shown by the Twelfth Census of the United 
States " compiled by Mr. Franklin Allen, whose 
ability to write on this subject is unquestioned. 

According to a journal of economics, Kin- 
Edward is insured for about three-quarters of a 
million sterling, whilst the Prince of Wales is 
content with a modest half-million. The Czar is 
insured for ^800,000. The German Emperor's 
insurance also runs into six figures. 

Telephone communication between Tokyo and 
Nikko will be opened for public service some 
time in August. The work is now being pushed 
forward under the direction of the Communica- 
tions Department. The telephone between Nikko 
and Chugushi will also be opened shortly, the 
work having been already finished. 

It is officially announced that the Emperor will 
attend the graduation ceremony at the Naval 
College, Tsukiji, Tokyo, on July 8th, leaving 
the Palace at 10.20 a.m. His Majesty will also 
attend the ceremony of distributing diplomas to 
the graduates of the Tokyo University on the 

At noon on July 10th a dinner will be given 
on board the German flagship Furst Bismark, 
now in Yokohama, by the Commander-in-Chief 
of the German fleet in the Far East, who is inviting 
thereto the German Minister, Vice-Admiral Baron 
Yamamoto, Minister of the Navy, Admiral Vis- 
count Ito, Chief of the Naval Board of Command, 
and several others. 

A London telegram of June 9th says that Mr. 
" Larry " Waterbury, who played " back " for the 
American polo team in the first international test 
match in England on the 3 1 st May, was summoned, 
at the instance of the Earl of Shrewsbury, for ill- 
treatment of his pony by the use of forbidden 
spurs, at Hurlingham. The case was settled out 
of court. 

A London telegram in Australian papers, dated 
29th May, says : — The Rev. Father Passerinie, 
Vicar Apostolic of Southern China, who is at pre- 
sent on a visit to Rome, is the author of a sensa- 
tional utterance regarding the course of future 
events in China. He states that he anticipates a 
vast anti-European rising, which, he declares, 
will be all the more terrible because it is being 
patiently and systematically prepared. 

Professor Leopold Messenschmidt, in " Der alte 
Orient," a popular German scientific journal, 
deals with a subject so caviare to the general 
public as the origin of the two-headed eagle of 
modern heraldry. According to the Professor, 
this eagle is found in the sculptures of the ancient 
Hittite Empire, was adopted from them, as their 
writings show, by other Oriental peoples that 
survived them, and from these was taken, in 1345, 
as the emblem of the Holy Roman Empire. 

In the matter of public holidays the Russian 
workman is perhaps the most fortunate workman 

in the world. His labour year is dotted at every 
few steps with days of idleness and vodka, tem- 
pered with an occasional kiss to an ikon. Every 
English employer of labour in Russia keeps an 
almanac hanging conspicuously from which are 
blacked out the days on which work is ai a 
standstill. Even the ship captains who take 
cargo and passengers to St. Petersburg carry the 
marked almanac, and hurry or loiter to dodge 
the Russian holy day. 

Senator Combes, who has succeeded M. Wal- 
deck-Rousseau in the French Premiership, is in 
his sixty-seventh year, and began life as a doctor 
at Paris in the department for which he is now 
senator. He is much belter known to the mem- 
bers of the French Parliament than to the outside 
world, for his work heretofore has been chiefly 
connected with the preparation of elaborate 
Parliamentary reports and documents of that 
kind. He, is regarded as a great authority upon 
education, and he is believed to be free from any 
sympathy with the Socialists. 

Messrs. Eyton and Pratt sold by auction on 
Saturday, the following race horses : — 

Yen. Buyer. 

Tachibana no Mr. Wada. 

Hayakoma 85 Bought in 

Brown Bess 195 Mr. Benney. 

Sans Espoir 250 Mr. Suzuki. 

A scratch baseball game was played on Tuesdaj 
afternoon by teams captained respectively by 
Messrs. Blake and ('. H. Thorn. The teams com- 
prised Messrs. Blake, McChesney, H. W. Kilby, 
Vaughan, Cowan, Mendelson, Pollard, Horiuchi 
and Furuhashi, versus Messrs Thorn, McGowan, 
Merriman, E. W. Kilby, Crawford, Edwards, 
McGowan, White and Berrick. Nine innings 
were played between 5 and 6.40 p.m , the result 
being a win for Blake's nine by 17 runs to 1 1. 

We have been favoured by a correspondent, 
" Helvetia," with the following results of the 
International shooting competitions with military 
rilles and revolvers which took place at Rome 
on the 30th and 31st May last. In the revolver 
contest, the Swiss led with a score of 2,182 points ; 
Italy second with 2,123 points and France third 
with 2,115 points. In the rifle match for the 
championship of the world the Swiss team took 
first place with 4,449 points ; Italy second with 
4,318 points; France third with 4,273 points; 
Germany fourth, 4,018 points; Argentine Re- 
public fifth, 3,697 points. M. Kellenberger 
(Swiss) who made a score of 932 points, was 
declared the champion of the world with the 
military rifle. 

A very interesting article entitled " Zenkoji 
the Cradle of Buddhism in Japan " appears in the 
June number of The Spirit of Missions. It is 
from the pen of the Rev. J. Armistead Welbourn, 
and three capital illustrations accompany the text. 
In the same paper we read : — On Easter Day, in 
the Church of the Holy Trinity, Kyoto, the 
Right Rev. Dr. Partridge admitted Dr. Irvin H. 
Correll to the diaconaie. The service, with the 
exception of the essential parts of the Ordinal and 
the sermon, were in the Japanese language. The 
Rev. J. Lindsay Patton presented the candidate 
and the Rev. Ambrose D. Gring was the preacher. 
Dr. Correll has been a missionary in Japan for 
twenty years under the Methodist Episcopal 

The opinion found expression some time back 
in some English paper that Delhi, and not 
London, is the place people in the United King- 
dom should go to witness the gorgeous cere- 
monies connected with the King's Coronation. 
There seems to be a consensus of opinion that the 
capital of the great Moguls will be worth the 
visit, and stray references to the programme, 
which every now and again find place in the 
Indian papers, show that the expectation will be 
more than realised. The Viceroy is expected 
at Delhi on December 29th, and his arrival will 
be the occasion for a triumphal procession, with 
elephants in the train, through the city to the 
I camp. H.E. will open the Industrial Exhibition, 
which will last a fortnight, on the 31st of that 

month and on January 1 will hold the Proclama- 
tion Durbar in the great ampitheatre at which, 
already, 10,000 men are expected to be present. 
The State Ball is fixed for the 6th and will take 
place in the Diwan-i-Am. The vast assembly 
will include, besides the Viceroy, the personnel of 
the Government of India, the Commander-in- 
Chief and staff, the heads of the local Governments 

and Administrations, the heads of departments 
under the Government of India, Native Chiefs 
and Nobles, members of consular bodies and 
representatives of the Anglo-Indian and Native 
Press and a number of guests from Europe. The 
Amir of Afghanistan will be represented by a 
special representative. 

The shorthand reporters of Sydney, N.S.W., 
having been found fault with for their method of 
reporting the speeches in the Legislative Council, 
retaliated by giving the speech of one of the 
Councillors exactly as it was spoken, as follows : 
"The reporters — ought not to — the reporters ought 
not to be the ones to judge of what is important 
— not to say what should be left out - but — the 
member can only judge of what is important. As 
I — as my speeches — as the reports — as what I say 
is reported sometimes, no one — nobody can 
understand from the reports — what it is — what I 
mean. So — it strikes me- -it has struck me cer- 
tain matters— things that appear of importance — 
are sometimes left out — omitted. The reporters 
— the papers — points are reported — I mean — to 
make a brief statement — what the paper thinks of 
interest — is reported." 

The memorial meeting for the late Mr. T. 
Niwa and the usual monthly shooting matches 
will be held on Sunday, the 20th July (wet or 
fine), at Tsurumi from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Visitors 
are cordially invited to witness the events. Order 
of events: No. 1 standing singles; No. 2 walking 
singles ; No. 3, standing. Three gold medals 
and other prizes will be presented for the best 
average scores of all matches 

Hikida Ryokichi, a member of the Chiba 
Prefectural Council, is reported to have been 
arrested on July 9th charged with having forged 

We acknowledge receipt of No. 34 of the new 
series of the " Engineering " Directory, which is 
compiled and classified from the current advertise- 
ments in Engineering, together with the telegraphic 
addresses, codes, and telephone numbers of the 


Mark Twain has been made a Doctor of Laws 
by the University of Missouri — the State in which 
he was born and which his early books have made 

A Wilkes Barre dispatch estimates that the loss 
for three weeks of the 'strike in the hard-coal re- 
gion, based on figures furnished by the operators 
and miners, has been as follows : 

Loss to miners in wages ,53,890,000 

Operators' loss in price of coal, normal... 7,806,000 
Loss of employees, other than miners ... 904,500 
Loss to business men 2,250,000 

Total 514,850,500 

Among the new industries that have been re- 
cently developed in the United States is the 
manufacture of arsenious oxiode, says Dr. Joseph 
Struthers of the United States Geological Survey. 
This manufacture was taken up during 1901 by 
the Puget Sound Reduction Company, at Seattle, 
Washington, and an output of 300 short tons was 
placed on the market. Previous to 1901 the 
world's supply of arsenic and arsenious compounds 
was derived chiefly from the mines in Cornwall 
and Devon, England, and at Freiberg, Germany. 
In 1 899 the world's production of the forms of 
arsenic amounted to 14,936,165 pounds, valued 
at #581,911. The imports of arsenic into the 
United States during the last five years have 
averaged about $340,000 per annum. 

The total export of dutiable silk goods from 
the United States in April (four weeks) amounted 

July 12, 1902. J 


to $2,153,370, as against a total of $1,766,305 
in the corresponding month of 1901. The 
largest items were piece silks paying specific 
duties, $500,129 ; piece goods paying ad valorem 
duties, $475,017 ; silk laces and embroideries, 
paying sixty per cent, duty, $309,374, and rib- 
bons, fifty per cent, duty, $214,399. The value 
of the raw silk import for the month was $942,973, 
as against $914,447 in April, 1901. 

The two greatest manuscripts in America 
according to the Bookman, are the manuscript of 
the Declaration of Independence, which is in the 
Government archives, and which has become 
illegible, and the life of Benjamin Franklin, written 
by himself (the only manuscript entirely in his 
own handwriting), which changed hands a few 
weeks ago and was added to a private collection in 
New York city. The Franklin manuscript was 
discovered in France some years ago, in the 
possession of the descendants of M. Le Vaillard, 
to whom it had been given by William Temple 
Franklin, Franklin's grandson. 

The South Carolina Interstate and West Indian 
Exposition, which has been in progress in Char- 
leston since December 1st last, finally closed on 
June 1st. Financially it was* not a success, al- 
though it is believed that the results accomplish- 
ed in other ways will be of future help to the 
community. It is not expected that payment 
will be made on any of the stock subscribed. 
The bondholders will be protected. In the 
matter of attendance the Exposition was a failure, 
as the gate receipts did not come up to the ex- 
pectations of the board of directors. 

Importations of manufacturers' materials into 
the United States will in the fiscal year which 
ends with June by far exceed those of any 
preceding year in the history of American 
industries ; the highest figure ever before reached 
was that of the fiscal year 1900, when the grand 
total was, in round figures, $390,000,000. In 
the present year it seems likely to attain the enor- 
mous total of $425,000,000. Of the ten leading 
materials, raw silk is one, and the importation of 
this in the first nine months of the fiscal year has 
amounted to $33,188,523, as against $19,531,319 
in the corresponding period of 1901. 

An immediate though unexpected result of a re- 
cent hot wave, says The Electrical Review, " was 
that in .several of the large office buildings in the 
business centre of New York part of the elevator 
service had to be discontinued on account of the 
setting to work of innumerable electric fans, 
absorbing a considerable part of the current gene- 
rating capacity of the installed plants. In one 
great building, which has ten elevators, two were 
put out of service shortly after business hours for 
the day began, solely by reason of the starting of 
fans in the various offices. This fact gives about 
as telling an illustration of the importance of the 
electric fan as a current consumer as can be 

The new St. Bartholomew's Hospital in New 
York is so constructed that there are no internal 
corners to catch the dust. Says a writer in The 
Evening Post : " There are absolutely no angles 
or projections in the building above the basement. 
All intersections of all surfaces meet with a uni- 
form curve; this has been carried out in all details, 
not only the walls, ceilings, and floors, but also 
the stairs, shelf and table standards, window 
recesses, etc., throughout. The sashes and doors 
are so coastructed that there are no moldings or 
broken surfaces between the frames and glass 
or panels. The surface of the frame meets the 
glass with a feather edge, and the corners of the 
sash and door panels are also rounded, so that 
there may be no lodging-place for the collection 
or dirt or foreign matter. The angles or corners 

above the wainscot line are run in plaster 

Especial care has been taken in the construction 
of the operating-rooms. The room for more im- 
portant operations on the fifth floor is considered 
the most perfect yet built. The corners of the 
room are rounded to a large radius and the ceiling 

The effect of blue light in reducing inflamma- 

tion, diminishing pain, promoting absorption of 
morbid secretions, and curing diseases of the skin, 
has been shown by several recent researches, says 
the Stadts-Zeitung (New York, March 30). " Dr. 
Kaiser has given to the Vienna medical society 
the results of his investigations on tiie effect of 
the blue rays on tuberculosis and tubercle bacilli. 
He threw the beam of a powerful lantern, filtered 
through a glass which allowed only blue rays to 
pass, directly upon cultures of bacilli. Similar 
cultures were attached to the hack of a patient 
whose chest was exposed to the beam at a distance 
of five meters, for half an hour daily for six days. 
In all these cases the bacilli were killed, even 
when the invisible heat rays were also filtered 
out. The blue rays, therefore, penetrate the 
human body. The effect of exposing tuberculous 
patients to the light was markedly beneficial. 
A few days' treatment produced a perceptible 
improvement and a diminution of the number of 
bacilli in the sputa. Tuberculous abscesses which 
had resisted every other treatment during three 
months were healed by the blue light in four 

The report of the American Iron and Steel 
Association shows that the total value of iron and 
steel exports in the calendar year 1901 amounted 
to $102,534,575, against $129,633,480 in 1900. 
Imports of iron and steel amounted to $20,394,995, 
against $20,443,911. The decline in the value 
of exports was largely due to the great shrinkage 
in the exports of pig iron, which amounted to 
only 81, 2ii tons, against 286,687 tons in 1900. 
In the first nine months of the fiscal year 1902 
total exports of iron and steel amounted to a 
value of $73,067,830, against $90,147,005 in the 
corresponding period of the previous year. Im- 
ports of iron and steel for these nine months 
amounted to $17,901,132, against $13,496,815. 
In the first quarter of the calendar year 1902 ex- 
ports of iron and steel amounted to $23,839,561, 
against $26,141,090 in the same months of 1901, 
showing that the decline in exports is still grow- 
ing. In this period there was an increase in im- 
ports of iron and steel, the total value amounting 
to $5,892,146, against $4,008,05 7. Conspicuous 
among the imports of the first quarter were 33,374 
tons of pig iron, against 5,311 tons in the corre- 
sponding quarter of 1901. 

" Within the last six or eight years," says the 
Electrical World and •Engineer, "the Massa- 
chusetts steam railroads have suffered seriously 
from trolley competition. Up to 1894 their 
revenue was larger from their passenger business 
than from carrying freight. AH this has changed, 
figures showing an excess in revenue from freight 
in 1901 of over $6,000,000, while in 1894 the 
excess in revenue from passengers was $3,449,526. 
An encouragement to the steam roads, however, 
is to be found in figures showing that the electric 
street-railway lines have steadily been carrying 
fewer passengers per mile since 1895, while the 
former have recovered some of their previous 
losses during the same time. It is now generally 
admitted that while the street railway of Massa- 
chusetts made quite considerable inroads into the 
business of the steam lines when electricity first 
became an important factor, which has only been 
during the past eight or nine years, the latter have 
proceeded to make some recovery of lost patron- 
age, and that the street railway has become less 
rather than more threatening. In other words, 
the trolleys, while establishing a traffic of their 
own, are now creating new traffic for the steam 
roads, as it was predicted they would do." 


The report laid before the thirtieth meeting 
of the Silk Association of America contained the 
following references to the alleged silk frauds : — 

Among the events of prime importance to the si!'; 
trade in 1901 are the revelations publicly made by 
Mr. Wilbur F. Wakeman, Appraiser at the Fort of 
New York, respecting frauds on the revenue by bold 
evasions of the tariff laws. 

The public journals have published columns on 
the subject pro and con. The first effect of the con- 
troversy was the removal of Mr. Wakeman from 

office by Fresident Roosevelt in December last. 
Soon thereafter the Fresident appointed Mr. W. 
Wickham Smith of this city as a Special Deputy At- 
torney General of the United States to investigate that 
portion of the disclosures made by Mr. Wakeman, 
which are known as the "Japanese Silk" case-.. 
For the past two months Mr. Smith lias been actively 
at work on the investigation, and his report may be 
expected soon. The particulars of the charges 
are, therefore, not now given here. They will 
be submitted to our members and suitable action 
taken on the report when Mr. Smith shall have 
completed his investigation. Some facts incident to 
the transaction are, however, noteworthy and are 
presented therewith. 

FIRST.— Although Mr. Smith is clothed with the 
powers and authority of the Attorney General's 
Office in the investigation, his services are not 
paid for by the Government, but by the mer- 
chants of New York. The reason assigned for 
this anomaly is that there are no funds in the 
Attorney General's contingent account available for 
the purpose. Merchants are therefore at their own 
expense in proving this matter in its preliminary 
stage. In effect, they are defending the Government 
against the incompetency or negligence, or worse, of 
its own officers and agents. 

When Government officials who are assigned to 
enforce its revenues protect instead defyers of law 
and defrauders of revenue, it is no wonder that 
honest men cry out. In this case an honest man, 
who, as Appraiser of the Port, was set by Fresident 
McKinley to see that the revenue laws were im- 
partially and efficiently enforced, cried out to his 
superior officers against the inefficiency or partiality, 
or worse, of his subordinates, and protested against 
the political system of rewards and punishment 
that maintained them in their positions notwith- 
standing his charges. Honest men heard his cry 
and demanded of an honest Fresident that the 
charges be investigated, report made, the guilty 
punished, and a new way found to collect old debts. 

Second. — There is no use in disguising the fact 
that the dry goods district of New York know very 
well that importers are not equally and impartially 
treated in the appraisal of similar duties on similar 
articles, whether subject to ad ■valorem rates on 
foreign invoice sworn value, or to specific rates per 
pound on declared weights of contents of packages. 
The importers themselves know these facts, for they 
learn them by experience with their competitors in 
the business world. 

Attention is respectfully called to the accompany- 
ing testimony of a prominent New York merchant 
respecting very serious undervaluations of imported 
silk ribbons during the some period of evasions of 
the revenue laws in the " Japanese Silk " cases. By 
long acquaintance with Custom House methods at 
this port, Mr. William Schramm, of the well-known 
firm of Schefer, Schramm and Vogel, is well quali- 
fied to speak advisedly concerning these matters. 
The silk ribbon frauds of which he makes mention 
have not been exploited in the public press, but 
they have been going on all the same. Their 
latest phase is the constant " advances on re-appraise- 
ment " which commenced before Mr. Wakeman's 
removal from office and continued under his succes- 
sor, Hon. George W. Whitehead. 

Third. — It seems easy, and the supposition is 
reasonable, that honest officials of the Government 
should be able to collect full duties for instance on 
imported silks where the tariff laws determine the 
classification of the article and the duty rate per 
pound is plainly fixed ; but the removed Appraiser 
charges that the system controlling these matters in 
the Appraiser's department and in other branches of 
the Customs service at the Fart of New York is prac- 
tically so faulty that he was unable to apply and en- 
force the plain mandates of the tariff laws. In other 
words, it was beyond his control. His reasons for 
his inability to secure impartial treatment to all im- 
porters are fairly well understood by the merchants 
of New York. 

It may be too much to expect that evil practices 
outside of the Government circle can be entirely done 
away with. The amount of money involved is too 
great a temptation for depraved human nature to 
withstand, but when the appointed delenders of the 
Government's revenues are in league with its des- 
poilers and share in the spoils, when the sum of 
money divisible under this system is so great that it 
becomes a matter of common notoriety, then the 
outcry becomes too great to be ignored. 

FOURTH. — It is a reasonable assumption that every 
effort will be made both by the President and by the 
new Appraiser to dispel the doubt and uncertainty 
which yet seems to linger in some minds as to the 
truth or falsity ot Mr. Wakeman's charges. Honour- 
able merchants greatly desire that the stigma now 
resting upon all merchants as a class, by reason of 
these disclosures, shall be placed where it belongs 
individually, and the mercantile world here be reliev- 
ed from the disastrous competition which such prac- 
tices make easy and profitable. This is no more 




[July \2, 1902. 

than their due. A trusted and conscientious officer I physicians iii Soochow invited the Governor of the I gentlemen. Mr. Bowlb) 
of the Goverhment having made these charges, the 
result of their investigation should he made known 
at the earliest possible dale, let the blame rest where 
it may. 


To the Editor ok the "Japan Mail." 

Siu, — Under " European Topics " in your issue of 
this date, I read as follow : — 

The new first-class cruiser Leviathan, which re- 
turned to Portsmouth on May 20th from Plymouth, 
ran an eight hours' steam trial on the deep-channel 
course, which realised a speed of 23X knots, the 
indicated horse-power being 31,000. On her }0 
hours' trial at three-quarter power, the Leviathan 
maintained a speed of 21.6 knots with 22,866 
horse-power. The amount of coal consumption 
was 1.751b. per indicated horse-power per hour. 
Would it be too much to ask you to kindly let me 
add for the benefit of some of your readers, that the 
boilers which have driven the Leviathan through the 
water at a speed of 23 # knots an hour, are " Belle- 
villes," the very same " Bellevilles " that some 18 
months ago, were so prematurely condemned by 
the Water Tube Boiler Committee presided over by 
Vice-Admiral Sir Compton Domville, in a most un- 
favourable report w hich at the time of its issue, w as 
published by the press ol the whole world ? 

Thanking you in advance for your courtesy, I 
have the honour to be, sir, yours faithfully, 


Tokyo, July 4th, 1902. 

To the Editor of the "Japan Maw.." 

Sir, — It is an encouraging sign of the times to see a 
Philanthropic Society organized in Japan for the 

which, at all events, are very prosperous them- 
selves — countries like Germany and other large Con- 
tinental States ? What is the object of all this policy 
of bounties and subsidies ? It is admitted-— there is 
no secret about it — the intention is to shut out this 
country as far as possible from all profitable trade 
with those foreign States and at the same time to 
enable those foreign States to undersell us in British 

specific purpose of " sending physicians to China and is, all becoming more weighty and more apparent, 
to open hospitals there." If the object be purely a ' " 
philanthropic one it should surely have full support 
and encouragement from every one interested in 
China and Japan. But the question comes up ; u ho 
are going to support these hospitals and physicians? 
Has the " Dojin-kai " backing enough to establish a 
number of hospitals and keep them running ? Now 
when the Dojin-kai goes into China to establish 
hospitals it will find in almost every large city one or 
more excellent hospitals with attendant male and 
female physicians who are graduates from the best 
American and European Medical Colleges, and 
the>- will also find the beds cleaner, the surgical 
instruments better and freerer from rust, and the 
attendant nurses' caps and uniforms washed oftener 
than in any hospitals in Japan, unless it be a few of 
the best about Tokyo and the other larger cities. 
I do not know how many hospitals the Roman 
Catholic Church has in China, but the different 
Protestant Churches have 124, with 240 dispensaries 

says that about ten o'clock 
1 1 1 . 1 1 night he and Mr. Appenzeller partook of a light 
supper of tea and biscuits and then retired to their 
staterooms. Mr. Bowlby retired to his berth but did 
not go to sleep. I lis stateroom was immediately 
opposite that of Mr. Appenzeller and he could sec the 
latter sitting in his stateroom reading. No whistle 
was blowing and the ship was apparently on her 

< )nly a few minutes elapsed when without the least 
warning there came a terrific crash which brought 
Mr. Bowlby to his feet instantly and Mr. Appenzeller 
cried out, "What's the matter?" Mr. Bowlby has- 
tily drew on his trousers and coat and vest without 
attempting to arrange them at all and in about ninety 
seconds after the collision he was making for the 
companion-way, with Mr. Appenzeller immediately 
in front of him. Behind him he saw one or two 
Koreans coming out of the second class cabin but he 
believes that they never reached the deck. As Mr. 
Bowlby set foot on the deck he saw that things were 
in desperate shape. The whole forward half of the 
deck w as already submerged and the stern was lifted 
high out of the water. Mr. Appenzeller, who seemed 
to be labouring under great excitement, apparently 
made no attempt to get away from the ship but Mr. 
Bowlby leaped aft and climbed upon the rail. He 
knew there was no possibility of his not being drawn 
down by the suction and he knew that in order to 
save himself from being knocked about by broken 
rigging and other debris it was necessay to grasp 
some solid portion of the ship firmly and wait his 
chance to come up. He therefore seized hold of a 
rope that formed part of the rigging and as the boat 
settled he looked around and saw Mr. Appenzeller 
standing about where he w as when he reached the 
deck, but now up to his waist in the water and grop- 
ing vainly for something to take hold of. Nothing 
at all was said so far as our witness knows. All this 
had occupied only about a minute or perhaps less 
and then the ship went down at an angle of some- 
thing like forty-five degrees. Mr. Bowlby clung 
desperately to his rope until he had been drawn 
down what he believes to have been some twelve or 
fifteen feet and then he felt a shock which he thought 
to be either the ship striking bottom or the boilers 
bursting. As it appeared later it must have been the 
What is the object of this system adopted by countries jiaiter for the water was very deep at that spot 

province, the Treasurer and the drain Commissioner 
three of the highest officials in the province, to a 
dinner in the home of one of the physicians. 
They all came and ate a big dinner with the mis- 
sionaries and then had a group photograph taken 
together. That photograph is unique. A Chinese 
Coventor over twenty-one million people sitting with 
a group of Missionary physicians before a camera ! 
1 hope the "Dojin-kai" will establish many good 
hospitals in China and that it will send physicians 
there who will be able to associate thus with the 
highest officials in the land as well as to treat kindly 
and skillfully the poorest old sick woman who may 
come to their hospital gate. 

Yours truly, WILL PATTILLO. 

July 4, 1902. 


To THE EmTOR OF THE "Japan Mam.." 

Sik, — In referring to the cholera in Saga, should 
you not say Saga Ken ? Readers' of the Mail will 
naturally think of Saga city as being badly infected, 
while there is hardly any in the city, but nearly all is 
in other places of Saga Ken. Trusting that this is 
a proper suggestion, I remain. 

Yours truly, A, OLTMANS, 

Nagasaki, July 7, 1902. 


In the course of a speech at Birmingham on 
May 16th, Mr. Chamberlain made some import- 
ant observations which showed that he regards a 
change in British fiscal policy as a matter of 
urgency, in view of the new conditions with 
which it is necessary to deal. He said : — 

The position ol this country is not one without an- 
xiety to statesmen and careful observers. Political 
jealousy, commercial rivalry, more serious than any- 
thing we have yet had, the pressure of hostile tariffs, 
the pressure of bounties, the pressure of subsidies, it 

Thinking that the suction would have subsided Mr. 
Bowlby let go his hold in order to rise toward the 
surface but he found that his right foot was entangled 
in a rope. He reached down and liberated his foot 
and then rose rapidly towards the surface. But 
when, as he believes, he had almost reached air 
he was sucked down by another eddy and it 
was some seconds before he could get his head 

markets. That is the policy, and we see that it is ^ above water. Mr. Bowlby has for many years been 

assuming a great development, that old ideas of 
trade and free competition have changed. We are 
face to face with great combinations, with enormous 
trusts, having behind them gigantic wealth. Even 
the industries and commerce which we thought to 
be peculiarly our own, even those are in danger, 

an expert swimmer or he would not have been able 
to keep his presence of mind under such almost 
desperate circumstances. When he reached the air 
he took two or three grasps and was then caught by 
another eddy and carried down again. While 
under water the second time he was hit severely in 

the time at which they were developed. At the pre- 
besides. The latest reports give the total number of I sent moment the Empire is being attacked on all 

It is quite impossible that these new methods j the back by a piece of timber but did not attempt to 
of competition can be met by adherence to old and ' seize it. Upon coming to the surface again he began 
antiquated methods which were perfectly right at . to swim against the current which was rapidly carry- 

in-patients as 33,529, and the total number of per- 
sons receiving treatment in one year as 745,322, 
and total number of treatments as 1,700,452. 
It will doubtless be interesting to the promoters 
of the " Dojin-kai " to know how much it takes to 
run one of the hospitals for one year. I can not 
give the statistics for all, but one hospital in Soochow 
which has about the average number of patients 
spent for runnin 
Mexican currency 

sides, and in our isolation we must look to ourselves. 
We must draw closer our internal relations, the 
ties of sentiment, the ties of sympathy, yes, and 
the ties of interest. If by adherence to econo- 
mic pedantry, to old shibboleths, we are to lose 
opportunities of closer union which are offered us by 
our Colonies, if we are to put aside occasions now 
within our grasp, if we do not take every chance 
expenses last year $4,981.44 ! in our power to keep British trade in British hands, 
This included everything except j I am certain that we shall deserv e the disasters 

which will infallibly come upon us. The days are 
for great empires and not for little States. The 
question for this generation is whether we are to be 
; numbered among the great empires or the little 
[States. The realisation of the highest ideal will, in 
judgment at any rate, make for the peace and 


the salary of the foreign physician in charge. You 
might put it down then that the average running 
expenses of these 1 24 hospitals in China, not counting 
• the salaries of physicians in charge, are about 5,000 
yen each. 

Viscount Nagaoka in his address said : "There 
are English, American, and French physicians in the civilisation of the world. 
Middle Kingdom, but their labours have the taint of 
religious propagandism, and are therefore distasteful 
to the people." No doubt the Viscount had in mind 
the condition of China 10 or 20 years ago when he 

said that. If he intends to work in a philanthropic On the night of the eleventh of June there occurred 
way in China he had better keep up with the on the coast of Korea, about eighty-five miles south 
rapidly changing ideas there. It is a fact that to-day 1 of Chemulpo, one of the most disastrous wrecks that 
there are no foreigners in China so highly respected even the dangerous coast of Korea has ever witnessed, 
and so much in lav our by all classes of people as the The Kumagawa Matii, a small steamship belonging 
foreign physicians, even if "their labours have the to the Osaka Shosen Line came in collision with the 
taint of religious propagandism.". These Missionary \ Kisogawa Maru of the same line and sank in about 
physicians go into the homes, professionally and three minutes. It is too early to give Out anything 
socially, of the highest officials and wealthiest peo- ! as to responsibility for this catastrophe. That will be 
pie. Through the influence of the physicians of the the work of a naval court which will place the 
above mentioned hospital in Soochow, wealthy ; responsibility, but the readers of the Review will be 
Chinese in that city have recently given over 20,000 glad to hear the story of Mr. J. F. Bowlby, an Ame- 
taels to found a 1 Jniversity under the ownership and rican citizen who was on board the Kumagawa Maru 
control of Christian missionaries. This does not and who narrowly escaped with his life. The first 
seem as if the people held these religious physicians class passengers on the boat w ere Mr. J. F. Bowlby, 

in much " distaste." Not long since these same Rev. H. G. Appenzeller, and two or three Japanese had very little opportunity to gain information 

ing him away from the Kisogatwa Maru which he 
could dimly see but whose lights shone out quite 
plain, apparently a couple of hundred yards away. 
When the KuviagdWA Mura sank he had noticed 
that the KSsogawa Maru lay almost alongside, 
at most not more than thirty feet away. But the 
tide had carried him rapidly away. He was now on 
the surface swimming against the current but nearly 
exhausted. His hand struck a piece of board about 
two feet long and eight inches w ide and it helped to 
rest him a little. Then he found another piece about 
the same size. Before long a considerable piece of 
timber came floating down to him and he lay across 
it and rested quite easily but he was numbed with 
cold and he had lost all feeling in his feet. 

Meanwhile he was aware of cries for help from the 
direction of the wreck and knew that boats were out 
picking up survivors but he did not call out as yet. 
Soon he became aware that a life-boat was floating 
bottom upwards near him. A large part of the 
bottom was ripped off but it afforded a much 
better chance than the timber he was on ; so with 
his little remaining strength he dragged himself 
up on the overturned boat and lay across it on his 
stomach. Tangled in some wreckage that was at- 
tached to his boat was the body of a Korean, 
evidently dead, with his head hanging down in 
the water and only his back showing. Before 
long one of the rescue boats from the JKisogaWa 
came by but seeing that Mr. Bowlby was safe for 
the moment they left him in order to help others in 
worse condition. At last, however, they came to 
him and took him off the boat. He collapsed, and 
was taken to the Kisoqawa Maru in a very exhaust- 
ed condition. They put him to bed covered him 
with many thickness of blankets and poured hot 
sake into him. Of course, he saw very little of the 
other survivors and not being able to speak Japanese 


July 12, 1902.] 


had been in the water fully three-quarters of an hour 
and it was morning before he was really in condi- 
tion to do any clear thinking, owing to the physical 
exhaustion and the nervous strain. 

The Kisogtrwa tried to anchor but could not do so 
because of the depth of the water. So she kept 
steaming about in the vicinity of the wreck trying to 
find other survivors, until ono o'clock p.m. of the next 
day, when she turned her prow toward Chemulpo. 
Mr. Bowlby lost all his effects, including a consider- 
able sum of money in U.S. gold, but when he arrived 
in Chemulpo and the news was telegraphed to the 
American mines in Un-san, where Mr. Bowlby had 
been working for some years, a purse of six hund- ' 
red yen was made up among his friends with the 
generosity characteristic of the mining faternity. 
This sum was telegraphed to him and on the six- 
teenth he sailed on the Genkai Maru bound for 
America where his wife and family await him. His 
watch which he had on at the time of the disaster 
stopped at half-past ten, so that wreck must have 
occurred a few moments before that. On the whole 
it seems to have been a remarkable exhibition of 
coolness, nerve and physical endurance, and Mr. 
Bowlby and his family are to be heartily congratulat- 
ed upon his escape. — Korea Review. 




A correspondent of the Shanghai Metcury, who 
wrote from on board the Japanese warship Ata%o, 
gives further particulars of the destruction of the 
Chinese cruiser Kaichi at Nanking on June 22nd. 
He says : — 

We arrived with this ship on Sunday at Nanking 
and anchored two cables length away and on the 
port quarter of the Kaichi at 12.25 p.m. We had 
just given our ship her cable and whilst I was look- 
ing at the Kaichi, suddenly her port side blew out, 
then immediately the whole poop, main and mizen 
mast were shattered, in fact the whole of the after 
part of the vessel from the main-mast was blown to 
pieces. This was followed immediately by volumes 
of smoke and flames as high as the mast-head, and a 
terrific report followed. The concussion was great, 
and men, spars, deck, boats, cabin fittings, doors, 
furniture and effects were blown into the air several 
hundreds of feet, with numerous shells exploding on 
our beam and dangerously near some fishing boats. 
The Kaichi sank at once, even before some of the 
debris came down. We were enveloped in smoke 
and debris, so much so, that the captain gave orders 
to the men to run for shelter. When the smoke 
cleared away a little, there was nothing to be seen 
but a huge mass of floating wreckage, with only two 
men to be seen. One of the Aiago's boats saved 
one of these men, a sailor, who was blown out 
of a port on the forward lower deck. The other 
man was a carpenter, whom I have not seen ; 
a native lifeboat saved him. The U.S. man-of-war 
Helena was anchored about three-quarters of a mile 
off, and all her boats were immediately sent to assist, 
but there were no lives to save. A quantity of stuff 
fell on our deck, and amongst it was the log book of 
the unfortunate vessel. On the hulk Quashing a 
portion of a man — the trunk — fell on the roof, and a 
number of pieces of human bodies were seen floating 
on the wreckage. All the glass, lamps, and some of 
the crockery were broken on board the Quashing; 
they felt it badly as they were lying off the port 
beam of the cruiser. 

The first portion of the vessel that was blown out 
was a piece of the main deck with beam attached to 
some angle-iron, weighing about three hundred- 
weight, this and a piece of iron plate were blown on 
shore some 500 yards distance from the wreck. 
Another piece was reported to be found much further 
away. A quantity of glass was broken at the Custom 
House, which was three-quarters of a mile away, and 
the shock was felt at the British Consulate over six 
miles off. Two sampans that were alongside the 
cruiser at the time were destroyed and the occupants 
killed. For three hours the ram and jib-boom were 
showing out of water above twenty feet. She was 
anchored in twenty-two fathoms of water, so half of 
the vessel must have been completely blown away, 
and the forward hall was standing on end perpendi- 
cularly till 3.30 p.m., when it tumbled over. 

The number of lives lost is estimated at about 140 
to 150. The captain had just landed, and three 
officers were in Shanghai, leaving four officers on 
board. Some of the men were on shore on leave. 
Undoubtedly it was the magazine that blew up. 

Upon enquiry I learn that she had four tons of 
gunpowder on board. The. captain (Li), seeing us 
coming in when he landed, left word that his men 
were to return the salute of the Alago, so I surmise 
they were in the art of getting the necessary charges 
from the magazine for this purpose, when through 
some carelessness, perhaps, the explosion took place. 







4, 1 6 1 



Messrs. Vivanti Bros, publish the following' 
statistics as to the export of raw silk from 1st 
July, 1901, to 30th June, 1902, including the 
shipment per Tartar and Iyo Maru : — 

Firms. U S.A. Europe 

Messrs. Jardine, Matheson &Co. 2,650 

„ Ulysse Pila & Co 866 

,, Kobison & Co — 

,, Longin & Co — 

,, Oppenheimer Freres ... — 

,, American Tdg. Co 581 

„ Strachan & Co., W. M„ — 

Otto Streuli — 

Mottet, L 215 

,, Klingen & Seux — 

,, China & Japan Tdg. Co. 950 

„ Siber, Wolff & Co 6,279 

Sieber & Co. 

Guissani, C — 

Guilloud, L -- 

Nabholz & Co 855 

Dourille, P — 

Sale & Co 45 

Vivanti Bros 6,899 

Sulzer & Rudolph & Co. 266 

Reimers & Co., 0 3,809 

Frazar & Co 266 

Varenne & Co 1,508 

Bavier & Co 1 ,363 

Dent & Co., H. 

Chauvin & Co., R 

Brett & Co., J 

Kiito Gomei Kaisha . 
Mitsui Bussan Kaisha. 


Hara Yushitsubu 





4.43 2 









1 1 ,8or 




1, '55 





Total ...44,541 27,213 71,754 


(Renter's Service to the "Japan Mail.") 


London, July 2. 
The King passed another excellent night. 
He is making splendid progress in all re- 
spects. The wound is healing. 

London, July 3. 
A bulletin issued at ten o'clock said that 
the King had slept well and that nothing 
has occurred to mar the excellent progress 
His Majesty is making. 

In view of the improvement in the King's 
health it is proposed to organize a parade of 
the Colonial contingents on a large scale. 

London, July 4. 
The general condition of the King's health 
is further improved and the wound is giving 
comparatively little pain. 

London, July 5. 
The bulletins of the King's condition con- 
tinue very satisfactory. The wound shows 
active signs of repairs. 

London, July 6. 

The King is better. 

London, July 7. 
The King's progress continues in every 
way satisfactory. 

London, July 9. 
A bulletin issued at 10 o'clock on the 8th 
says that the King had nine hours natural 
sleep and that his progress is uninterrupted. 
The wound is discharging freely. It is less 
painful to dress. 

There is a credited report that the Corona- 
tion will take place between the nth and 
the 15th of August. 

London, July 9. 
The King's progress is all that can be dc- 

The Times says it has reason to believe 
that it has been practically settled the Coro- 
nation will take place in August. 

Reuter understands that the King himself 
is pressing forward the Coronation. 

London, July 10. 
The King's progress is - uninterrupted. 
He sleeps well and is gaining strength. 
The wound is slowly healing. 


London, July 2. 
Out of 202,000 British troops in South 
Africa at the conclusion of hostilities, 70,000 
are due to be brought home. Thirty- 
nine transports carrying 40,000 men are 
presently engaged, and besides 2,500 men 
will be conveyed weekly as passengers. 
The First Dutch Chamber has adopted a 
bill ratifying the Dutch-German cable con- 
vention ; also a bill subsidizing a fleet of 
steamships for a service between Java, 
China, and Japan. 


London, July 3. 

The railways in the Transvaal and the 
Orange River Colony have been handed 
over to the civil authorities. 


Prince Komatsu and his entire suite have 
have been received in farewell audience by 
Queen Alexandra. Throughout "his visit he 
has been particularly honoured. 

London, July 4. 

Replying to Sir Charles Dilke, who criti- 
cized the alliance with Japan and the British 
policy in China, Lord Cranborne, Parlia- 
mentary Secretary of the British Foreign 
Office, said that the Japanese alliance was 
based on traditional sympathies and mutual 
interests. He denied that Great Britain 
had failed in her open-door policy in China, 
but animadverted on the indolence of British 
concessionaires in China. He did not doubt 
that the terms regarding the rendition of the 
Provisional Government of Tientsin would be 
modified. Great Britain had not receded 
from her position regarding the payment of 
the Indemnity in gold but, at the same time, 
she sympathized with China. 


Count Cassini, the Russian Representative 
at Washington, has formally notified the 
American State Department that Russia 
has evacuated Manchuria and that the pro- 
vince is now ready for government by the 

President Roosevelt's proclamation of 
amnesty to the Filippinos provides a full 
pardon and amnesty for all insurrectionists, 
with the exception of those guilty of non-mili- 
tary crimes. All must swear allegiance to 
the United States. 

Prince Komatsu has left London for Paris 
and Spain. 


London, July 5. 

Lord Cranborne replying to a criticism 
that the treaty between Great Britain and 
Japan should have been concluded sooner, 
said that it "was not for us to seek treaties; 
we grant them." 


London, July 6. 

The British military stores at Lorenzo 
Marques, valued at half a million sterling 
were destroyed by fire on the 6th of June 

Four hundred thousand poor persons have 
been dined in London. The Prince of Wales, 
the Duke and Duchess of Connaught, the 

44 ®mY$.*f-^nwB%z.mi&mva22,»i the japan wfkkly mail. 

[July 12, 1902. 

Duke and Duchess of Fife, Princess Beatrice 
and other royalties visited the various 


The Imperial Government has refused to 
accede to the petition for suspending the 
constitution in Cape Colony. 


In the third match at Sheffield Australia 
Avon by 143 runs. 


The bulletin on the morning of the 5th 
instant said that the King passed an excel- 
lent night ; that he was cheerful, and that 
lie felt much stronger. The doctors consider 
him practically out of danger. The evening 
bulletin has been discontinued. 


London, July 7. 
The party in Cape Colony which advocate 
the suspension of the Constitution arc dis- 
appointed at the decision of the Imperial 
Government and propose to continue their 
movement in Parliament. 


1 .ondon, July y. 
Considerable progress has been made with 
the land settlement in the Transvaal and 
the Orange River Colony. The number of 
applicants is enormous. Large schemes of 
irrigation are in contemplation. 

The 'Jinks and the Monting Post criticise 
Lord Cranborne's phrase in connection with 
the treaty with Japan, and term it un- 


London, July 8. 
Mr. Chamberlain has met with a slight 
carriage accident. He received a scalp wound, 
and was taken to Charing Cross Hospital for 
the night. 

A later telegram says that he is doing 
well and that there is no concussion. 

Lord Kitchener has arrived at Southamp- 


General Sir Redvers Buller, with the 
authority of the War Office, has published 
the Ladysmith dispatches. They show that 
he counselled the abandonment of Ladysmith 
after the failure at Colenso. Lord Lansdowne 
advised another attempt and General Sir 
George White refused to make terms. 

The newspapers unanimously say that 
Buller is self-condemned. 


London, July 9. 
The Cape Parliament has been summoned 
for Aug. 20th. 

Mr. Chamberlain is still in hospital. 

London, July 10. 
Mr. Chamberlain has been taken from 
hospital' He is progressing favourably but 
(]uiet is essential. 

Lord Methuen has arrived at Southamp- 
ton. J le is much better. 

(Received at the Legation of France.) 

Saigon, July 2. 
The Council of Ministers has designated 
as Governor of Indo-China M. Beau, Mini- 
ster of France in Peking, who has accepted 
by telegraph. M. Beau, who has obtained a 

conge for the purpose of proceeding to France, 
will probably stop in Indo-China to assume 
possession of his new post, and will then go 
on to Paris to receive the Government's 


Saigon, July 4. 

It is denied at the Japanese Legation in 
Paris that Japanese officers command the 
Siamese who have invaded the neutral zone. 

The United States has established civil 
Government in the Philippines. 

Saigon, July 5. 

M. Beau goes to Paris by the Trans- 
Siberian Railway. 

In the Chamber of Deputies M. Delcasse 
declared that he has the assurance that the 
renewal of the Triple Alliance, recently 
signed, does not menace France, and that 
the Franco-Italian accord remains absolutely 
the same. 

The Senate is discussing the reduction of 
military service to two years. 

Saigon, July 6. 

The Senate has voted an article in the 
Law saying that military service shall be 
equal for all without any distinction. 

Speaking in the Chamber, the President 
of the Council, replying to an interpellation, 
defended the legality of the formation of 
congregational schools, and affirmed that the 
Government had decided to have the Law 

The Chamber after a vote of confidence, 
decided that the speech should be affiche. 

Saigon, July 7. 
The medical bulletins declare that the 
King of England is out of danger. 

(Received in Tokyo.) 
In the House of Commons oil the 7th 
instant Mr. Joseph Walton asked whether 
His Majesty's Government intended to take 
any step for removing the injurious impression 
produced by the language used by Lord 
Cranborne on the 3rd instant. Mr. Balfour 
replied that undoubtedly Lord Cranborne's 
expression, if separated from its context, was 
calculated to mislead. But it must be re- 
membered that the words had been used in 
connexion with a suggestion that Great 
Britain, abandoning her traditional policy of 
isolation, had embraced any available alliance 
in a moment of necessity. His Majesty's 
Government did not dream for one mo- 
ment of denying that the alliance between 
Japan and PCngland had been concluded for 
the consummation of a common aim, and 
on a basis of absolute equality between the 
high contracting parties. 

(Received at the Foreign Office in Tokyo.) 

A Japanese woman was attacked by 
cholera at Chefoo, and died on the 7th. 
This is the first case of cholera at Chefoo. 


Owing to the prevalence of drought during 
the month of June in America the cotton 
crop has been greatly injured. Texas has 
suffered especially. It is estimated that 
the crop will only be <S4 7 /.o of the average 
crop for the last ten years. The price has 
risen greatly in consequence. 


A statement that a Japanese camphor 
monopoly has been established at Foochow 
is untrue, but the Chinese Government has 

established a camphor manufactory there 
and has entrusted the sale of the article to 
Japanese. Possibly money may be borrowed 
from Japanese to carry on the factory. 

It is incorrect that a meeting of the For- 
eign Ministers was held on the 6th to con- 
sider the question of Tientsin, but a meeting 
, of commanding officers was held at Tientsin. 
J Russia has definitely withdrawn from the 
conference, and America and France have 
changed their attitude in the sense of agree- 
ing to restoration. It is therefore probable 
that the place will soon be restored to China. 

The Japanese Consul in Chefoo reports 
that the German railway in Shantung, 
which is already open from Kiachow to 
Tsushan, was opened on the 1st July from 
the latter place to Weihien. 


The Governor of Vladivostock has pro- 
claimed that in accordance with instructions 
from the Minister of Home Affairs, Chefoo, 
Tientsin, Taku and Newchwang are to be 
regarded as infected ports, and all immigra- 
tion of labourers thence to Vladivostock is 
to be interdicted. 

(From the "Jiji Shimkj.") 

London, July 1. 
A conference of Colonial Premiers has been 
opened at Westminster. Mr. Chamberlain, 
Secretary of State for the Colonies, referred to 
the problem of national defence and called atten- 
tion to the urgent necessity of opening rapid 
shipping intercourse between the mother country 
and the colonies with a view to effecting closer 
relations commercially and politically. The pro- 
ceedings were strictly private. 

There was a grand military review to-day. 
Queen Alexandra, accompanied by Prince 
Komatsu, the Duke of Connaught and many 
other Princes, was present at the review. The 
outside of the parade ground was densely crowded 
by spectators and visitors from foreign countries. 
Germany has already commenced the con- 
struction of several gunboats with a view to 
employing them on the interior waters of China. 

London, July 2. 
Queen Alexandra to-day inspected the Indian 
Contingent (for the Coronation) amid the great 
enthusiasm of assembled crowds. 

Prince Komatsu leaves London to-morrow. 

In consequence of a report as to the monsoon 
in India the cotton and cotton cloth markets of 
Lancashire are dull. 

His Excellency M. Beau, French Minister in 
Peking, is appointed the Governor-General of 


1 .ondon, July 3. 
Viscount Cranborne, Under Secretary of State 
for Foreign Affairs, speaking in the 'House of 
Commons, declared that the British Government 
recognised it as unnecessary to raise any protest 
against the the action of Russia in Newchwang, 
because Russia has already promised to evacuate 

Sir Charles Dilke, criticising the Government's 
foreign policy to-night, regretted that the con- 
clusion of the Anglo-Japanese alliance was prema- 
ture, and declared that the Government's policy 
was Weak and inconsistent. A vehement discus- 
sion then took place. 

July 12, 1902.] 




London, Jul)' 7. 
China has asked the United States Govern- 
ment to persuade the other Powers to restore to 
China the Civil Government of Tientsin. The 
American Government has acceded to this re- 
quest and has approached the other Powers to 
reconsider the question through Mr. Conger, the 
United States Minister in Peking. 

Austria-Hungary has refused to comply with 
the resolution passed by the Sugar Convention in 


The restrictions imposed on telegrams to South 
Africa have been cancelled. 


In consequence of the dullness in the cotton 
market, Lancashire cotton spinners have con- 
vened a special conference. 


A fire has occurred at Lorenzo Marques and 
^50,000 worth of ammunition belonging to 
Great Britain were burned. 


London, July 8. 

The Hon. Joseph Chamberlain, M.P., Principal 
Secretary of State for the Colonies, met with a 
carriage accident and was taken to the Charing 
Cross Hospital for treatment. His condition is 
somewhat grave but the wound is steadily 


The Coronation will take place in August. 
Its date will be officially announced. 

The death is announced of the Earl of Arundel, 
the only son of the Duke of Norfork. 

fXote. — The Earl of Arundel and Surrey was born 
on Sept. 7th, 1879, and his life's story is a tragedy 
of the British Peerage.] 

There is a rumour that the United States came 
into collision with other Powers relative to the 
Tientsin question. The rumour is denied in 
official circles, however. 

lord kitchener. 

Lord Kitchener will arrive in London on 
Saturday and will receive a triumph. 15,000 
troops will line the streets to welcome him. 

The Korean Ambassador for the Coronation 
left I-ondon yesterday. 

(From the "Japan Heuaijx") 

London, July 2. 
Viscount Cranborne, Under Secretary of State 
for Foreign Affairs, answering Sir Charles Dilke, 
stated that the reason why Great Britain had not 
protested against the collection of likin by Russia 
in Newchwang was that it was expected that an 
agreement would be shortly concluded to restore 
Newchwang to the Chinese. 

Both Houses of Congress have adopted the 
Committee's Philippine recommendations, and 
the President has signed the Bill. 


Ixmdon, July 3. 
Queen Alexandra yesterday received Prince 
Komatsu, whose indis]X)sition prevented accept- 
ance of Her Majesty's invitation to luncheon. 
He departed for Paris and Spain to-day. The 
Prince of Wales and the Duke of Connaught 
witnessed his departure, cordially shaking hands 
with him. A large crowd, which had assembled, 
cheered the Prince. 


London, July 4. 
In the course of a debate on the Anglo-Japanese 
alliance, Sir Charles Dilke said that the alliance 
with Japan must be hostile to Russia. 

IjC)T<\ Charles Beresford congratulated the Go- 
rernrntnt on the alliance, declaring that nothing 

so materially good for England had been accom- 
plished within recent years. 

Viscount Cranborne, Under-Secretary of State 
for Foreign Affairs, meeting the criticism of the 
alliance for not having been concluded sooner, 
said it was not for us to seek treaties ; we grant 

The Times describes the foregoing as an un- 
fortunate phrase calculated to convey a wholly 
erroneous view of Great Britain's attitude towards 
her ally. 


Viscount Cranborne, Under Secretary of State 
for Foreign Affairs, has stated in the House of 
Commons that after full consideration of the 
question, the Government has abandoned hope of 
securing the total abolition of the likin stations in 
China ; he hoped, however, that some fiscal ar- 
rangement would be made to relieve trade of this 
enormous, uncertain, and illegal burden. 

The Governor of the Philippines has reported 
to Washington that the acceptance of American 
authority in the islands is general, and that the 
pacification is complete. 

London, July 8. 

The Daily Neivs describes the statement made 
by Mr. Balfour as an elaborate apology for Vis- 
count Cranborne's terrible gaucherie (in declaring 
that it was not far England to seek treaties ; she 
granted them). The same paper believes that 
Baron Hayashi, Japanese Minister to St. James's, 
is greatly concerned if not incensed. 

Karl Spencer intends to question the Marquis 
of Lansdowne on the subject. 


London, July 10. 
It is proposed that the question of what the 
United States should pay for the Friars' lands in 
the Philippines should be submitted to arbitration, 
as also the question of the indemnity to be paid 
for the ecclesiastical buildings occupied by the 

Of the arbitrators, America is to choose two 
aud the Philippines Governrrent two, the fifth 
arbitrator being chosen from a neutral source. 
Governor Taft proposes that this fifth arbitrator 
shall be Lord Cur/.on of Keddlestone, Viceroy of 



nkxt mail is inn 

ti Line tlri.t.ol 

Hongkong O ft O. Co Coptic i 

Hongkong N. P. Co. Olympian 

America T K. K 'kong Maui - 

Seattle, Wash N. Y. K. Kaja Maru 4 

Hurope N O I loy.l ftiautschoti 

Janada, &c C. P. R c. jr. 1 China 

Hongkong T. K K. America 

Hongkong C. P R C. H.111 "'Japan 

America P. M. Co China 5 

l'acoma. Wash. ... N. P. Co. Tacoma 

Hongkong e M Co City f Peking 

America O. & (). Co. Doric 

Hongkong C. P. R. Co Athenian 

Canada C P. R Co Tartar 

1 l.efi Nagasaki on the 9th inst. 

2 Left Kobe on the 10th inst. 

3 Left San Kraniusi o on the -,8lh lilt 

4 Leit Seattle, Wash, on the ist insi 

5 Left San Frapciaeo on ihe 8th inst 


I h 


July 12 

July 12 

July 7 

July 18 
July ,0 
July 1 
July II 
July ,4 
July 27 
July -7 
July 3 

Aug 4 

A«3. 4 
Aug. 21 

rbi Ian* 

Europe N. I). Lloyd 

fcurope, tc N. V K 

Hongkong O & 0 Co 

Tacoma, Wash. ... N. P. Co. 

Seattle, Wash N. Y. K 

America O. (k O. Co. 

Shanghai N Y. K. 

Australia N. Y. K 

Hongkong .. T. K. K 

Hongkong C. P. R. Co 

\merica T. K K 

Zanada, Ike C. P. R Co 

America P. M. Co 

Hongkong P. M Co 

Hongkong N . P Co 

Hongkong C. P. K Co. 

Canada . , C. P. K, Co 

I. LA VI- 





July 1* 

Kawachi Maru 


July 12 



lllly 1 



July , 5 

Kinshiu Mini 


July 15 



July is 

Kobe Main 


July 17 

Yawata Maru 


July 18 

H'kotli M -.o 

.- a 

July 9 

Km fit China 



America Man 


July 23 

Km ill Japan 


July ,5 

City of Peking 


July 28 



July 28 



July 2s 



Aug. 21 



Aug. j 


Kmptcss of India, British steamer, 3,003, O. P. 
Marshall, 3rd July, — Hongkong via ports, and 
Kobe, 2nd July, Mails and General. — C. P. K. Co. 

Omi Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,533, K. Homma, 
3rd July, — Otaru, General. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Shinagawa Maru, Japanese steamer, 1 ,001, M. Nishi- 
hara, 3rd July, — Yokkaichi, 2nd July, General. — 
Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Peru, American steamer, 2,540, A. F. Pillsbury, 3rd 
July, — Hongkong via ports, and Kobe, 2nd July, 
Mails and General. — P. M. S.S. Co. 

A saga a Maru, Japanese, steamer, 1,526, F. E. Cope, 
3rd July,— Otaru via ports, General.— Nippon Yu- 
sen Kaisha. 

Hakuai Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,419, S. Tsuji, 
4th July, — Shanghai via ports, 28th June, Mails 
and General. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Iridraitetti, British steamer, 3,152, Win. E, Craven, 
5th July, — Portland, Ore., General. — Samuel Sa- 
muel & Co. 

Sachsen, German steamer, 3,119, W. Franke, 5th 

July, — Hamburg and Bremen via ports, Mails and 

General. — H. Alliens & Co., Nachf. 
Yeijo Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,538, Kuwahara. 

5th Jul)-, — Kobe, General. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
Jumna, British steamer, 2,692, G. H. Clark, 5th July, 

— Cardiff via Maidzuru, Coal and Cake. — Sale & 


Titania, German Navy transport, 1,245, Captain W. 

Schadhe, 5th July, — Kobe, Coal. 
Oily of Peking, American steamer, 3,12s, J. T. Smith, 

5th July, — San Francisco via Honolulu, 16th June, 

Mails and General.— P. M. S.S. Co. 
Gtosmont, British steamer, 1,818, Fleetham, 6th July, 

— New York via Suez Canal, Kerosene Oil. — 

Standard Oil Co. 
Yamaskiro Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,568, K. So- 

yeda, 6th July, — Kobe, General. — Nippon Yusen 


Yecliigo Maru, Japanese steamer, 712, H. Yada, 6th 
July, — Otaru via ports, General. — Nippon Yusen 

Duke of Fife, British steamer, 2,416, J. S. Cox, 7th 

July, — Tacoma, Wash., and Victoria, B.C., Mails 

and General. — Dodwell & Co., Ltd. 
Magdalene; German ship, 2,732, E. Susewind, 7th 

July, — New York, 12th Feb., Kerosene Oil. — 

Standard Oil Co. 
Shinagaiua Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,001, M. Ni- 

shihara. 7th July, --Yokkaichi, General. — Nippon 

Yusen Kaisha. 
Sakura Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,831, T. Harrison, 

8th Jul , — Kobe, General. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
Suminoye Maru, Japanese steamer, H. Yada, 8th 

July, — Nemuro via Yokkaichi, General. — Nippon 

Yusen Kaisha. 
Kumamolo Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,237, Y. Kishi, 

7th July, — Nosh ro via Sakata, General. — Nippon 

Yusen Kaisha. 
Athenian, British steamer, 2,428, Harry Mowatt, 

9th Julv, — Vancouver, B.C., 23rd June, Mails and 

General.— C. P. R. Co. 
J amaguchi Maru, Japanese steamer, 2,038, S. Mura- 

matsu, 9th Jul)', — Otaru via ports, General. — Nip- 
pon Yusen Kaisha. 
litis (10 guns), German gunboat, 895, Capt. Sthamar, 

9th July, — Kobe. 
Gaelic, British steamer, 2,690, Win. Finch, 10th July, 

— San Francisco via Honolulu, 21st June, Mails 

and General.— O. & O. S.S. Co. 
Totomi Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,396, H. Sakhnoto, 

10th July, — Otaru via ports, General. — -Nippon 

Yusen Kaisha. 

Idomeneus, British steamer, 4,298, James Riley, 3rd 
July, — Liverpool via ports, General. — Butterfield 
& Swire. 

Saikio Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,653, C. Young, 
3rd July, — Shanghai via ports, Mails and General. 
— Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Iim/i/css oj India, British steamer, 3,003, O. P. 
Marshall, 4th Julv, — Vancouver, B.C., Mails and 
General.— C. P. R. Co. 

Shinagawa Man/, Japanese steamer, 1,001, M. Ni- 
shihara, 4th July, —Yokkaichi, General. — Nippon 
Yusen Kaisha. 

Tens/tin Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,706, T. Tibballs, 
4th July, — Otaru via ports, General.— Nippon Yu- 
sen Kaisha. 

Tosa Maru, Japanese steamer, 3,592, A. Christiansen, 
41I1 July, — Hongkong via ports, Mails and Gene- 
ral. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Peru, American steamer, 2,540, A. F. Pillsbury, 5th 
July, — San Francisco via Honolulu, Mails and 

( ieneraL — P. M. S.S. Co. 

Hiroshima Maru, Japanese steamer 2,035, T. Murai, 
51I1 July, — Bombay via ports, Mails and General. 
— Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Hiogo Mart/, Japanese steamer, 882, S. Kawamura, 

46 M»tt3M^J!ttB*H«B«!»H-si THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 

IJuly 12, 1092. 

5th July, — Bonin Islands, Mails and General. — 

Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
Asaeao Muni, Japanese steamer, 1,526, F. E. Cope, 

5th July, — Kobe, ( ieneraL— Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
Hokkai Maru, Japanese steamer, 437, I. Shimidzu, 

5th July, — Yokkaichi, General. — Nippon Yusen 


Pencleuch, British steamer, 2,679, A. \V. S. Thomson, 
5th July, — New York via ports, General.— Comes 
& Co. 

Oopack, British steamer, 2,517, J. Barber, 5th July, — 

Manila via Kobe and Moji, General. — \V. M. Str.i- 

chan & & Co. 
Ambria, German steamer, 3,526, Ehlers, 6th July, — 

Kobe, General. — C. lilies & Co. 
IndraveUi, British steamer, 3.152, Wm. 1'.. Craven, 

6th July, — Hongkong via ports, General. — Samuel 

Samuel & Co. 
Asahi Kan (50 guns), Japanese battleship, 15,445, 

Captain M. Hashimoto, 6th July, — Yokosuka. 
J'uj'i Kan (38 guns), Japanese battleship, 12,687, 

Captain Inouye, 6th July, — Yokosuka. 
Halsuse Kan (50 guns), Japanese battleship, 15,240, 

Captain T. Nashiba, 6th July, — Yokosuka. 
Tokiwa Kan (38 guns), Japanese cruiser, 9,855, 

Captain K. Yajima, 6th July, — Yokosuka. 
Sevastopol (16 guns), Russian battleship, 10,960, 

Captain Flodossieff, 6th July, — Vladivostok. 
Bingo Man/, Japanese steamer, 3.677, F. Da vies, 

6th July, — Moji via Kure, General. — Nippon Yusen 


At/toll, British steamer, 3,031, Ed. Porter, 7th July, 
— New York via ports, General. — Dodwell & Co., 

Malacca, British steamer, 2,615, A. F. Street, 7th 
July, — London via ports, Mails and General. — 
P. & O. S.N. Co. 

City of Peking, American steamer, 3,128, J. T. Smith, 
7th July, — Hongkong via Manila, Mails and Gene- 
ral.— P. M. S.S. Co. 

Duke of Fife, British steamer, 2,416, J. S. Cox, 7th 
July, — Hongkong via ports, General. — Dodwell & 
Co., Ltd. 

Silesia, German steamer, 3,138, Bahle, 7th July, — 
Hamburg via ports, General. — C. lilies & Co. 

Koun Mam, Japanese steamer, 1,783, Y. Minami- 
kawa, 7th July, — Kobe, General. — Nippon Yusen 

Yechigo Man/, Japanese steamer, 712, H. Yada, 
7th July, — Hakodate, General. — Nippon Yusen 

Yeijio Mat it, Japanese steamer, 1,538, Kuwahara, 
7th July, — Otaru via ports, General. — Nippon Yu- 
sen Kaisha. 

Oini Mara, Japanese steamer, 1,533, K. Homma, 
7th July, — Otaru via ports and Kobe, General. — 
Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Sarpedon, British steamer, 3,022, Crier, 8th July, — 
London and Glasgow via ports, General. — Butter- 
field & Swire. 

Hokkai Maru, Japanese steamer 437, I. Shimidzu, 
8th July, — Yokkaichi, General. — Nippon Yusen 

Shinagawa Mara, Japanese steamer, 1,001, M. Nishi- 
hara, 8th July, — Yokkaichi, General. — Nippon 
Yusen Kaisha. 

Owari Maru, Japanese steamer, 656, K. Higo, 8th 
July, — Hakodate, General. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Yamashiro Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,568, S. So- 
yeda, 8th July, — Kobe via Yokkaichi, General. — 
Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Athenian, British steamer, 2,428, Harry Movvatt, | 
9th July, — Hongkong via ports, Mails and Gene- 
ral.— C. P. R. Co. 

Hokkai Maru, Japanese steamer, 437, I. Shimidzu, ! 
9th July, — Yokkaichi, General. — Nippon Yusen ' 

Kumamoto Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,237, Y. Kishi, ! 
9th July, — Hakodate, General. — Nippon Yusen I 

Marco Polo (16 guns), Italian cruiser, 4,583, Captain j 

Paolo Botti, 10th July, — Hakodate. 
Ilakuai Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,419, S. Tsuji, . 

10th July, — Shanghai via ports, Mails and Gene- 1 

ral. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
Sakura Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,831, T. Harrison, | 

10th July, — Otaru via ports, General. — Nippon 

Yusen Kaisha. 

Per Japanese steamer Ilakuai Maru, from Shang- 
hai via ports: — Captain 1. Ida, Mrs. Ida, Mr. K. 
Nobeta, Mrs. Rin Kng Kvvang, Miss \V. Harries, 
MissC. Harries, Mr. C. R. Graham, Mr. Lonen 
Sohn, Mr. and Mrs. Johnson, Rev. and Mrs. Hoden, 
Miss E, Poteet, Master Water, Rev. and Mrs. Water, 
Master H. W. Water, and Master S. L. Water, in 
cabin; Miss K. Shibata, Mrs. M. Tanabe, Mrs. T. 
Shimatani, Mis. Kuwayama and 5 children, and 
Miss Benho Koch, in second class ; 46 Japanese, and 
20 Chinese, in steerage. 

Per German steamer Sachsen, from Europe via 
ports : — Mr. Erich Pieper, Capt. Retzmann, Mrs. and 1 
Miss Whittle, Mrs. Dipple, Mr. R. Seel, Mr. and 
Mrs. H. Grun, Mrs. de Marteau, Mrs. Nazer, Mr. 1 
Fd. L. von Nierop, Mr. A. Kuhn, Mr. and Mrs. S. 
Komor, Mr. H. Geilien, Mr. Kozo Mori, Mrs. C. 
Perbrems, Mr. and Mrs. W. von lloyc, and Mr. W. 
Sanders, in cabin. 

Per American steamer City of Peking from San 
Francisco via ports : — Mrs. R. H. Warheld, Capt. 
R. F. Warfield, Miss M. Venllane, and Prof. G. Tsuboi 
in cabin. For Nagasaki : — Mr. H. Strome and Mr. 
Wn. Whalm in cabin. For Manila : — Mr. R. Apple- 
ton, Mr. F. W. Suchet, Mr. F. 1'. Pawley, Mr. F. A. 
Gantz Mr. G. 11. Sweet, Mr. J. Heilbrom, Mr J. Fitz- 
patrick, Mr. F. Sivelzer, Mr. \V. Buchanan, Mr. F. 
F. Kearney, Mr. A. Mehnow, Mr. J. C. Roberts, Mr. J. 
M, O'Connell, Mr. H. Ludeman and Miss F. Barker 
in cabin. 

Per British steamer Athenian, from Vancouver, 

B. C. :— Mr. J. A. Fdmonson, Mr. H. B. McDowall, 
Rev. John Weig, ami Mrs. Winter, in cabin ; 6 in 

Per British steamer Gaelic, from San Francisco 
via Honolulu: — Miss Juliette G. Broghan, Mr. F. M. 
Tegner, Mrs. Tegner, Mr. William G. Frizell, Mr. S. 
Oguua, Miss Charlotte Enid Draper, Mr. T. W. 
Furlong, Mr. Victor Marsh, and Mr. W. G. Kost, in 
cabin. For Kobe : — Mr. E. W. Tilden, Mrs. Tilden 
and amah, Mr. EcK\ard Tilden, and Miss J. M. 
Christensen, in cabin. For Hongkong : — Mr. A. H. 
Bottenheim, Mrs. Botlenheim, Miss R. Bottenheim, 
Miss Ella Bottenheim, Miss G. Bottenheim, Mr. J. 
V. Knights, Mrs. Knights, and Dr. Herman Bryan, 
in cabin. 


Per American steamer City of Peking, for Hong- 
kong via Manila : — Mr. Robt. Appleton, Miss F. 
Barker, Mr. F. T. Clark, Mr. R. N. Clark, Judge J. 
F. Cooper, Mrs. J. F. Cooper, Dr. P. A. Fox, Miss 
N. Fox, Mr. John Gibson, Mrs. John Gibson, Mr. F. 
M. Gray, Mr. D. I. Hauptman, Mr. J. P. Heilbreun, 
Mr. Fletcher Ladd, Mr. Alfred Milnow, Mr. H. A. 

C. de Rubis, Mr. Theo. Santos, Miss Leslie Smith, 
Mr. L. Well-Suchet, Mr. F. J. Trank, Mr. J. L. Up- 
ham, Miss A. Van Zandt, Mr. L. R. Wilfrey, and 
Judge C. A. Wilson in cabin. 

Per British steamer Malacca, for London via 
ports: — Lieut. Martin F. Daniel, Mr. J. H. Fisher, 
Mr. F. Atkins, and Mr. D. Chessell, in cabin. 

Per British steamer Athenian, for Hongkong via 
ports : — Mr. J. Grant, Dr. Arnold, Mrs. Grossman 
and infant, Mrs. L. R. Beck, and Mr. Butler in 


Nos. 2/100, Plain ... 
Nos. 2/60, Gassed... 
Nos. 2/80, Gassed... 
Nos. 2/100, Gassed 

... 235.00 to 255.00 
... 285.00 to 305.00 
... 400.00 to 420.00 


Per Japanese steamer Saikio Maru, for Shanghai 
via ports : — Mr. F. J. Rice, Rev. H. J. Hamilton, 
Rev. V*. Patrick, Prince T. Shimadzu, Mr. T. Yama- 
zaki, Miss Howard, Mr. Koe Ren San, Inspector T. 
Usui, Mr. Yamakawa, Mr. and Mrs. Campbell, Mis. 
Ohm, Master C. R. Hill, Lieut. Dale, Mr. John 
Seymour, Mr. Lecart Cartier, Mr. Yo Meng Chye, 
Mr. de Bezaure, Mrs. Sho, Mr. Koa Ie Shu, and Mr. 
G. L. Cochelet, in cabin ; Mr. C. Kasahara, Mr. S. 
Makahara, Mr. S. Takagi. Mr. M. Koroku, Mrs. C. 
Takagi, Mr. T. M;itsune, Mr. I). Tagawa, Mr. J. 
McDonald, Mrs. Wilson, Mr. S. Komuro, Mrs. S. 
Taga, and 12 Chinese students, in second class; 50, 
in steerage. 


There was a slight spurt at the beginning of the 
week, but matters have reverted to the former dull 



Grey Shirting— 8 38 yds. 39 inchesY.2.85 to 3.60 
Grey Shirting — 91b, 38J2 yds, 45 inches. 28.0 to 4.00 
Indigo Shirtings — 24 yards, 14 inches ... 2.50 to 3.35 
Prints — Assorted, 24 yards, 30 inches ... 3.00 to 5.00 
Cotton — Italians and Satteens, Black, 32 PE p. yard. 

inches 0.20 to 0.30 


Flannels Y.0.35 to 0.50 

Italian Cloth, 32 in 0.30 to 0.45 

Mousseline de Laine, — Crape, 24 yards, 

30 inches 0.16 to 0.33 

Cloths — Pilots, 54 @ 56 inches 0.50 to 0.95 

Cloths — Presidents, 51 (<i), 65 inches ... 0.90 to 1.00 

Cloths — Union, 54 @ 56 inches 0.60 to 1. 00 

Blankets — Scarlet and Green, 3 105th 

per It) 0.60 to 0.66 


Velvets — Black, 35 yards, 22 inches ... 9.50 to 12.00 
Victoria Lawns, 12 yards, 42-3 inches... 0.90 to 1.80 
Turkey Reds — 2.8 to 3.0 lb 24-25 yards, 

30 inches 1. 90 to 2.25 

Turkey Reds — 3.8 to 5D), 24-25 yards, 

32 inches 2.50 to 3.50 


Nos. 16/24, Singles ^ 

Nos. 28/32, Singles 

Nos. 38/42, Singles 

Nos. 32, I )oul>les 

Nos. 42, I )oubles 

Nos. 2/60, Plain 

Nos. 2/80, Plain 

rim hale. 
135.00 to 145.00 
145.00 to 155.00 
I 50.00 to 1 60.00 
I 50.00 to 160.00 
105.011 (o 170.00 




American Middling 

Indian Broach 

Chinese .., . . 

29.00 to 30.00 
24.00 to 25.00 

A small business has been passing. 

per new.. 

Round and square y 2 inch and upward ...Y.4.30 to 4.60 

Iron Plates, assorted 4.80 to 5.20 

Sheet Iron 5.30 to 6.70 

Galvanised Iron sheets 10.25 lo "-oo 

Wire Nails, assorted 6.70 to 7.10 

Tin Plates, per box 7.80 to 8.30 

Tig Iron, No. 3 2 .oo to 2.50 

Hoop Iron (ft to 1)4 inch) 5.1010 5.60 

There is nothing new to report. 

American £2.56 

Russian 2.35 

Langkat 2.35 


There is a quiet market and quotations remain 


Brown Takao 

Iirown Manila 

Brown Daitong 

Iirown Canton 

White Java and Penang 
White Refined 


.Y.4.90 to 5.50 
. 5.10 to 6.10 
. 4.30 to 6.50 
. 6.00 to 6.60 
. 6.00 to 6.80 
. 8.70 to 10. 10 

940 to 950 
940 to 950 

900 to 910 


There has been a epiiet market during the week. 
Buyers are not eager, and sellers refuse to make any 
serious concessions in price. Consequently the daily 
settlements ate very small and it remains to be seen 
in the future whether foreign markets will improve 
or whether our native friends here must reduce quo- 


Filatures — Extra, Fine Y. 

Filatures — Extra, Coarse 

Filatures — No. I, Fine 

Filatures — No. I, Coarse 

Filatures — No. 1*4, Fine 

Filatures — No. \ l / 2 , Coarse 

Filatures — No. 2, Fine 

Filatures — No. 2, Coarse 

Common — Coarse 

Re-reels — Extra 

Re-reels — No. 1 

Re-reels — No. iy£ 

Re-reels — No. 2 

Re-reels — No. 3 

Kakedas — Extra 

Kakedas — No. 1 

Kakedas — No. iy£ 

Kakedas— l\o. 2 

Kakedas — No. 2J-2 

There is no change from last week's report. Small 
hand musters of new wastes have come in, but there 
is no bulk of stock and we have not heard of any 
contracts to arrive. 


Noshi — Filatures, Best 

Noshi — Filatures, Good 

Noshi — Oshiu, Rest 

Noshi — Oshiu, Good 

Noshi — Oshiu, Medium 

Noshi — Shinshiu, Rest 

Noshi — Shinshiu, Good 

Noshi — Bushiu, Best 

Noshi — Bushiu, Good 

Noshi — Bushiu, Medium 

Noshi — Joshiu, Best 

Noshi — Joshiu, Good 

Kibiso — Filatures, Best 

Kibiso — Filatures, Second 

Kibiso — Joshiu, Good 

Kibiso — Bushu, Fair 


Stocks have increased and prices have given way 
a little. Holders have been free sellers, but buyers 
have not been over eager. The quality of the second j 
crop is very good indeed, being considerably superior I 
to last year's second crop. 






( rood Medium.. 


(loud < lommon 
( lommon 

45 iS: upwards 

... 42 to 44 

... 40 to 41 I 

••• 37 to 39 1 

■•• 33 »° 36 J 

... 30 to 32 J 

... 27 to 29 I 

July 12, 1902.] 




Yokohama, July io. 
London silver to T », higher and China sterling 
rates higher accordingly have caused a decline in 
local rates on China, but all other rates are very firm. 
London — Bank T.T 2 ,°'A 

— — Bills on demand 2 i°fa 

— — 4 months' sight 2 !°}i 

— Private 4 months' sight 2/1 

— — 6 months' sight 2 l l V& 

Pan* 8c Lyons — Bank sight 257 

— Private 4 months' sight 263 

— — 6 months' sight 264 

Hongkong — Bank sight l 4}4°/ dis* 

— Private 10 days' sight i6yi°/ 0 dh* 

Shanghai — Bank sight 87* 

Private 10 days' sight 89* 

India — Bank sight 153 

— Private 30 days' sight !56j2 

America — Bank sight 49% 

— Private 30 days' sight 5°^ 

— Private 4 months' sight S l A 

Germany — Bank sight 209 

— • Private 4 months' sight 214 

Bar Silver (London) » 24^ @, 

* Nominal. 

Authorized Broker of Tokio Stock Exchange- 
Share and Stock Broker: Official Ci.osinc; 
Quotations of Tokyo Stock Exchange. 

Yokohama, July 10. 


July. Aug. July. Aug. 

— — Nippon Railway ... 73.60 74.20 

— — Nippon R'way, 3rd . — — 

— — Sanyo Railway — — 

' — 42.90 Kansai Railway ... — — 

56.40 57.00 Kiushiu Railway ... 56.30 56.80 

74.00 74.80 Tanko Railway — — 

— — Tanko R'way, new.. — — 

— — Tobu Railway — 18.95 

— — Sobu Railway — — 

— — Boso Railway — 7.90 

26.15 — Narita Railway — — 

— — Narita R'way, new. . — — 
21.20 21.40 Kioto Railway — 21.25 

— — Hokuyetsu Railway. — — 

— — Hankaku Railway. . — — 

— — Tokio El'tric R'way ill. 30 — 
55.70 56.15 Tokio Ele. Ra., new 55.60 56.00 

— — Kei-hin Electric Car — — 
7&5S 77-35 Nippon Yusen 76.30 77 05 

— — Toyo Risen — — 

— — Osaka Shosen — — 

— 25.40 Teikoku Shogio Bk. — 25.40 

— — Tokio Fire Ins — — 

— — Tokio das Co — 78.70 

— - — Tokio Gas Co., new. 56.70 — 
54.20 — Tokio Electric Light 54.00 — 

— — Tokio Klec. Li., new — — 

— — Kanegafuchi Spi'ng. — — 

— — Nippon Sugar Refin. — — 

— — Yebisu lieer — — 

— — Yebisu Beer, new ... — — 

— — Tokio Kice Ex'ange — — 
127.65 129.05 Tokio Stock Ex'ange 127.30 128.50 
Consultation Bureau : Yokohama. 

No. 87, Main Street. Telephone No. 888. 




Yokohama, July 10. 
Grand Hotels, buyers at yen 250. Kirin Brew eries 
sellers at yen 165. Langfeldts, sellers at yen 70. 
Offers wanted for Helms. Y ' . U. Club debentures, 
sales at yen 105. 


Yokohama E. & [, Works 117 Sellers. 

Grand Hotel 250 Buyers. 

Club Hotel 65 Sales. 

Oriental Hotel 125 Sales. 

Langfeldt & Co 70 Sellers. 

Japan Brewery Co 165 Sellers. 

Telephone Ho. .'523. 

Yokohama, July 10. 

Yokohama Docks have changed hands at yen 41.50. Yokohama Engine and Iron Works, sales at yen 
117. Grand Hotels, buyers offer yen 250. Club Hotels, sellers at ye% 65. Kirin Breweries are offering 
atyenid^. Helm Bros., sellers at yen 45. Langfeldts, sellers at yen 72.50. All debenture stocks are 
wanted at quotations. ■ 


No. of 



At Working ac- 
count in last ac- 
counts issued. 

For term 







Y'hama E. & Iron Works, Ltd. 





31.5. 1901 




Japan Brewery Company, Ltd. 




R've 50,000.00 

3r. 3.1902 









3 1. 1 2. 1 902 







Dr. 372.27 


31.3. 1901 







15'nce to R'rve ac. 


31.8. 1901 










do do Preference 



1st year 



Nagasaki Hotel, Limited 



3.03I-3 2 


30.6. 1901 








31. 12.1901 




Brett & Co., Limited 






30.6. 1 90 1 

8.75 N. 


Langfeldt & Co., Limited 





30.6. 1 90 1 


'A S. 


Y'hama Steam Laundry, Ltd. . 



Dr. 15,184.78 

1 1 


1 1. 




3,291.12 - 


30.6. 1 90 1 




Soak Hie hands on 
retiring in a strong hot 
creamy lather oi 

Por bo re hands, 
red.rough hands, 
itching, burning 
palms, and pain- 
ful finger ends 
with shapeless 
nails, the CUTI- 
CURA treat- 
ment Is simply 

Dry, and anoint freely with Guticura, 
the great skin cure and purest of emol- 
lients. Wear during the night old, 
loose kid gloves, with finger ends cut 
off and holes in the palms. 

Complete External and Internal Treatment for Every Humour, 

Consisting of COTICDKA Soap, to cleanse the skin of crusts and scales and soften the 
thickened cuticle, Cuticuisa Ointment, to instantly allav itching, inflammation, and irrita- 
tion, and soothe and heal, and Cuticur.v RESOLVENT, to cool and cleanse the blood. A 
SINGLE SET is often sufficient to cure torturing, disfiguring humours, with loss ot hair, 
when all else fails. Aust. depot: It. Towns & Co., Sydney, N. S. W. So. African depot: 
LESNON IjTD., (ape Town. "All about tlie Skin, Hands, and Ilair,"free. I'OTTEKDkuO 
and Chem. CORF., Solo Props., Boston, U. S. A. 


SEND YOUR ADDRESS for our New Illustrated Catalogue; Foreign Edition Post 
Free. The most oomplete List of Lace Goods issued. 

Import your own Goods DIRECT FROM the LOOMS, and save three Profits, 


t)vat exi/Tcc K.OLLKR BLINDS BLOUSES. tahut xrACTTruv 


GUIPURE D'ART___._, _ _ _ mmaimk ' „ _ _ _ 'HOUSEHOLD LINENS 


Lot No. 338 contains : — 1 pair Rich Artistic Drawing-Room Curtains, 4yds. long, 2 yds. 
wide. 2 pairs alike, Handsome Pining- Room Curtains, choice old lace design, 3^ yds. long, 
00 In. wide, 1 pair neat Floral Pattern Bed-Room Curtains, 3 yds. long, 50 in. wide, 1 pair 
new fashionable Sash Curtains, 1 table centre, renaissance design, 1 Set of Duchess Toilet 
Covers, one 45 in. long, and five smaller. Ecru if desired. On receipt of Post Office Order 
for V. 12.75 or 20/-, the lot sent per Parcel Post, direct to your address in Japan well packed 
in oilcloth. 

Customers tliroughout the Empire testify to the reliable work. Marvellous Value, and Durability. 
First Prize Medals, Toronto 1892 j Chicago, 1893. 

S, PEACH & SONS, Lister Gate, Nottingham, England. E,ta 8 b # ,hed 

Abbreviated Price Lists may be obtained at the office of this Paper. 


(July 12, 1902. 

Milkmaid Milkmaid 

• 1 


As a guarantee of 
Quality, see the 

on every Tin. 





in the 





As a guarantee of 
Quality, see the 

on every Tin. 

in the 

Cure Indigestion, 
Bile, Sick Headache, Giddiness, 
and all Internal Disorders. 


they contain no deleterious 
matter, and may be taken by 
the most delicate. 

Whan prepared is similar to Breast Milk. 



The Universal Remedy for Acidity of tin.' 
Stomach, Headache, Heartburn, Indigestion, 
Sour .Eructations, llilious Affections. 

The Physician's 
Cure for Gout, 
Ithcumatic Gout 
and Gravel. 

Safest and most 
Gentle Medicine for 
Infants, Children, 
Delicate Females, 
and the 
Sickness of Pregnancy. 

N - : -;.f.r 

llanufactared cnly at 73, New Oxford S't. (Itic £33, Oxford St.> 
Loudon. Sold l>y all Chemists and Medicine Vendors. 

Yokohama Charity Organization. 

CLOTHING for the Poor is constantly in 
demand, and may be sent to the Hon. 
Secretary, to whom also all APPLICATIONS 
FOR RELIEF should be referred. The names 
of New Subscribers will be at all times gladly 
received by Messrs. Jas. Dodds, J. C. Hautlanp, 
R. C. Howard, Jas. Maktin, or VV. F. Mitchki.l. 



FOR SALE at the Office ot the 

" JAPAN MAIL," No. 55, Main Street 

Tki.kphonk No. 144. 








Summary of News 

The Cranborne Incident 

Lord Salisbury Retires 

The " North-China Daily News " and Prince Koinatsu 

Chinese News 



The Central Railway Tunnels 

Marcus Island 

China's Indemnity 

The Judicial Question 


The Exchanaes 

The " Yomiuri " and the Alliance 

The House Tax 


The Coronation Naval Display 

Mr. Asahina 

University Graduation Ceremony 

Notes on Current Events 

Bicycle Regulations 

Funeral of Mr. Swan 


Leading Article :— Again the House Tax 

The Career of Lord Salisbury 

" The Children's Hour " 

Machado Hotel Concert 


Literary Gossip 

European Notes 

American Topics 

Monthly Summary of Japanese Current Literature 

Customs Fees 

The Mystery of Faith 

Dr. John H. Barrows 

Civilization and the Birth-rate 

Law Cases 

News of the Week 

The A.B.C.F.M.'s Annual Meeting 

Sermon Preached before the A B C F.M. at Kobe 

Progress of Roman Catholic Missions 

The Grand Hotel, Limited 

The Nagasaki Hotel, Limited 

The Origin of Coinage 

Coronation Honours 


The Calamity at Chefoo 

Latest Shipping 

Latest Commercial 

... 49 

... 5° 
... 5t 
... 51 
... 52 

— 53 

— 53 

— S3 
... 53 

— 54 
•■■ 54 
■ ■■ 54 
... 54 
... 55 

— 55 

— 55 

— 55 
... 55 
... 55 
... 55 
... 56 
... 56 
... 56 
... 57 
... 57 
... 58 
... 58 
... 59 

— 59 
... 60 
... 6t 
... 62 
... 64 
... 64 
... 63 
... 65 
... 65 
... 66 
... 67 
... 67 
... 69 
... 70 
... 70 
... 70 
... 70 
... 71 
... 73 
... 73 
• •• 74 

charge of fraudulent bankruptcy. The property 
of the chief officials of the bank was attached at 
the same time. 

The war-ship MusasJri, which was successfully 
raised some days ago, arrived at Oginohama on 
July 15 th on her way to Yokosuka. The latter 
place will be reached in a day or two. 

Mr. Kimura Riyemon, a rich merchant of 
of Yokohama, has been elected a member of the 
House of Peers, representing the highest tax- 
payers in Kanagawa Prefecture. He succeeds 
Mr. S. Hiranuma, who has resigned. 

The negotiations between the Korean Govern- 
ment and the Soul-Fusan Railway Co., with 
regard to the location of a station at Wungtaimun 
have been completed. The Company will 
shortly receive 29,000 tsubo of land. 

Taguchi Seki, a woman employed at a restau- 
rant in Saseho, has brought an accusation in the 
local Court against a police-inspector and a 
policeman charging them with torture and with 
having injured her by assault and battery. 

Captain Prince Nashimoto, who is an instructor 
in the Military College, will set out for Europe 
either in September or October this year for the 
purpose of studying military affairs. Captain 
Prince Kuni, will also proceed to Europe early 
next year for a similar purpose. 

It is reported that Dr. Baelz, of 
(University, will return home shortly. 


No notice will be taken of anonymous correspondence. 
What is intended for insertion in the " Japan Weekly 
Mail," must he authenticated by the name and address 
of the writer, not for publication, but as a guarantee of 
good faith. 

It is particularly requested that all letters on business 
be addressed to the MANAGER, and Cheques be made 
payable to same; and that literary contributions be 
addressed to the Editor. 

Yokohama : Saturday, July 19TH, 1902. 


On the 17th inst. at No. 179 f, bluff, Esther, 
relict of the late James Esdale, aged 85. 


The Kaiser has decided that German war 
uniforms shall be grey. 

A KOBE report says that the Italian Consul at 
that port will start for Hokkaido in a few days 
to investigate trade there. 

The Grand Lodge of Freemasons of England has 
sent in all .£10,337 to South Africa for the relief 
of loyal Brethren who have suffered from the war. 

An Osaka report says that the Osaka Reer 
Brewery Company, at its regular general meeting 
held on July 15th, declared a dividend of 20 
per cent. 

Mr. Matsumoto Kamf.taro, President of the 
Aikoku Bank, Tokyo, was arrested on July 15th 
and taken to the Tokyo Chiho Saibansho on a 

the Tokyo 
The doctor 

attended the Imperial Household Department on 
July 1 2th and had an interview with Viscount 
Tanaka, Minister of the Department, relative to 
his departure. 

The British steamer Fook Sang (1,660 tons), 
■ of which Messrs. Jard ine, Matheson & Co. are 
the agents, has been sold to the Osaka Shosen 
Kaisha, which company intend to use the vessel 
on the China service. She was formally taken 
delivery of on July 15. 

I The N.Y.K. steamer Tamba Maru ran aground 
1 200 yards from the Police Pier in Hongkong 
'harbour on July 3,' when leaving for Japan. 
After being stuck in the mud for an hour and 
I three quarters she floated off uninjured and pro- 
! ceeded on her voyage. 

I At a special meeting of chief officials of the 
Osaka Gas Company, held at Osaka on July 9th, it 
was arranged to appoint Mr. Kataoka Naoteru, 
President of the Company, with Mr. Tison as 
Vice-President. Mr. Graham was authorized to 
take charge of the foreign affairs section. 

It is reported from Osaka that the inauguration 
of the Daido Life Assurance Company took place 
at that city on July 15th. The new establish- 
ment was organized jointly by the Asahi, Gokoku 
and Hokkai Life Assurance Companies, which 
I recently amalgamated for that purpose. 

j.\ Birmingham safe company has been fined 
'^"ioo for attempting surreptitiously to ship 
percussion caps to Persia, concealed in the 
j lining of a safe. The company stated, in 
1 defence, that the caps had been enclosed by 
' their employees, without the knowledge of the 
' directors. 

On the afternoon of July 15th an employe of 
tlie Central Warehousing Company, Midoricho 
Yokohama, was robbed of yen 600 while in the 
Yokohama branch of the One Hundredth Dank 
It appears that the employe, having withdrawn 

the sum from the bank, was about to put the 
money in his pocket when a man, who was stand- 
ing nea r by, suddenly seized the money and fled. 
The thief has not yet been arrested. 

As the result of the promulgation of the new 
regulations for Chambers of Commerce it is 
alleged by Tokyo journals that the following 
twelve Chambers of Commerce will be dissolved : 
■ — Kawagoye, Naoyetsu, Ota, Ishioka, Minato, 
Tochigi, Chiba, Hamamatsu, Gifu, Onomichi, 
Saka and Kagoshima. 

It is reported in the home papers just to hand 
that in the sale to Mr. Alfred Holt of the China 
Mutual Steam Navigation Company's ships, Mr. 
Holt is only acting as agent, the real purchaser 
being Mr. Hill, the president of the Great 
Northern Railway of America. Mr. Hill, who is 
having two huge steamers built to his order for 
the Pacific trade, will add the Mutual boats to 
the Seattle run. 

Prince Boris Vladimir and suite left Yokohama 
for America by the British steamer Coptic on 
July 15th at a little past 3 p.m. Prior to His 
Highness' departure the deck of the steamer was 
crowded with many ladies and gentlemen, among 
whom were Prince Kan-in, the Governor of Kana- 
gawa Prefecture, the Superintendent of Kanagawa 
Police, Viscount Tanaka, Minister of the Imperial 
Household, the reception committee, and others 
who wished the Prince bon voyage. 

There has been a fight in Formosa between 
Japanese soldiers and raiders. A dispatch from 
the Governor-General of Formosa dated July 7th 
reports that a number of sold er and gendarmes 
under command of Major Nishiyama, while 
searching for bandits, encountered a strong force 
of insurgents at a place called Koshiryosho, 
Taipeh Prefecture, on July 5th. Fire was opened 
on both sides, and the Japanese force lost a ser- 
geant and a private killed, while several others 
were wounded. One of the enemy was captured. 

Pilgrims to Fuji are warned to make their 
ascent by the ordinary routes only and not to 
penetrate prohibited paths. Several days ago the 
corpse of a man was found on the slope of the 
mountain and on being examined it was discover- 
ed that he had been struck in the bowels by a 
bullet fired by soldiers, who occasionally have 
target practice at the foot of Fuji. Undoubtedly 
the unfortunate man had been walking along a 
prohibited path. 

Concerninq the proposed amalgamation of the 
Tokyo and the Shinagawa Electric Light Com- 
panies, a committee from both held a conference 
at Tsukiji, Tokyo, on July 10th. The represen- 
tatives of the Shinagawa company said that they 
would like to dispose of the concern's property 
for yen 250,000, but the Tokyo committee cut 
down the price to yen 210,000. It was then 
arranged to hold another meeting in a few days, 
when the matter will be definitely settled. 

The members of the Yokohama Rinyu-kai 
(Japanese Cyclists' Club) hel 1 a hundred mile 
race on July 9th. The competitors, numbering 
18, left the training track near Magane-cho, 
Yokohama, at 5 a.m. for Kawasaki, whence, 
turning back, the party proceeded to Odawara, 
thence to Fujisawa, whence they wheeled back to 
Yokohama via Enoshitna and Kamakura, a dis- 
tance of one hundred miles. Mr. Sagabe Ikko 
was the most successful, covering the whole dis- 
tance in nine hours eleven minutes, and he was 
followed by Messrs. Sase, Fujishiro and Kawasaki. 

$o wffltts*r-Hjittn$H?iBtm2!-..j the japan weekly mail 

[July 19, 1902. 


Saturday, July 12. 
Extreme reticence lias been the attitude 
of the leading Japanese journals up to the 
present with regard to Lord Cranborne's 
unfortunate statement. But two of them — 
the Kokumin and the Nichi NicJii — have 
now broken silence. The Kokumiti admits 
that the affair is unfortunate, but says that 
Lord Cranborne must not be understood as 
having referred directly to the origin of the 
Anglo-Japanese alliance or as having deli- 
berately made that alliance the basis of his 
remarks. He was merely answering persons 
who attacked the alliance and in doing so 
lie must not be supposed to have carefully 
weighed the effect of his words on third 
parties. It would be a great mistake to 
interpret his words as representing the 
views of the British Government without 
any regard to the circumstances under which 
they were uttered. Moreover, Mr. Balfour, 
leader of the Conservative Tarty in the 
House of Commons, speaking on behalf of 
his Government, has offered an explanation 
to prevent misunderstanding on Japan's 
part, and has affirmed the absolute equality 
of the two Powers' standing with regard to 
the alliance. The Times and the Morning 
Post have also condemned Lord Cranborne's 
words. Thus both Government and people 
of Great Britain have sought to correct Lord 
Cranborne's error, and to make it clear that in 
allying herself with Japan she was in no res- 
pect lacking in respect for the latter. " We 
ourselves believe that Lord Cranborne spoke 
under the pressing necessity of explaining 
Great Britain's departure from her tradi- 
tional policy of isolation, and although we 
think that his words showed more or less 
want of courtesy to Japan, we are not dis- 
posed to attach grave importance to a 
momentary blunder. Even on the extreme 
supposition that he intended to suggest that 
Japan had been the Power to take the 
initiative in seeking the Alliance, such a fact 
would not affect the comparative dignity 
of the allies. Eor whatever may have been 
the processess adopted and the road follow- 
ed by way of preliminary to the Alliance, 
from the moment that the Alliance was 
concluded the contracting parties stood on 
absolutely equal ground, neither being 
superior or inferior to the other. There is 
no such thing as platonic love in international 
relations. Each State is influenced solely 
by considerations of its own interests, and 
no Power goes out of its way to make an 
alliance merely for the purpose of con- 
fering a favour on its ally. Great 
Britain saw her account in joining hands 
with Japan or she would never have enter- 
tained the notion. There is no occasion 
to inquire accurately into the diplo- 
matic methods adopted to bring about the 
alliance. What is far more important is 
that the course of events had plainly led up 
to it. The incidents of the North-China 
Campaign and the subsequent cooperation 
of England and Japan in effecting a settle- 
ment, showed unmistakably that the interests 
of the two Powers were identical and that a 
common policy drew them together. This 
same Lord Cranborne, in replying to Sir 
Charles Dilke's criticism, said that the 
Anglo-Japanese alliance had its origin in 
community of experiences, community of 
sentiment and community of interests, and 
in the face of that definition there can 
be no doubt about the feelings of Great 
Britain towards the union. Wc need not 
now make close scrutiny into the pre- 
liminaries (jf the compact, nor need we 

be perturbed because the British Under- 
Secretary of State made a bevue, for the 
facts are solid and British responsible states- 
men have explained them." 

The Niclii Nichi Sliimbun prefaces its re- 
marks by saying that the Anglo- Japanese 
Alliance must be regarded by the world 
as indicating that the high contracting 
parties stood on an equality and were in- 
fluenced by feelings of sincerity towards each 
other. No doubt the proximate cause of 
the Alliance' was the North-China trouble, 
but it has its roots in the community of 
the two Powers' interests and the identity 
of their policies. It was not concluded with 
the object or intention of conferring benefit 
on either at the expense of the other. 
Mutual respect is essential to the genuine- 
ness of any inter-State union. Without such 
respect alliances, even if possible, can not be 
permanent. It can not be questioned that 
this essential was satisfied in the case of the 
Anglo- Japanese Alliance. Unfortunately 
Lord Cranborne was betrayed into an ex- 
pression which some of the great organs 
of British public opinion, as The Times 
and the Morning Post, condemned on the 
ground of its want of respect towards 
Japan, and naturally the Japanese have 
experienced some slight sentiment of um- 
brage in connexion with the incident. 
Looking, however, at the conditions that 
existed in Japan and England at the time 
of the conclusion of the Alliance and at the 
course of events in the two countries sub- 
sequently to the Alliance, it was impossible 
to suppose an)' want of the mutual respect 
alluded to above, and we therefore awaited 
the issue of the incident with confidence. 
That issue still leaves some slight perplexity 
as to Lord Cranborne's meaning, but the 
information that the Japanese Government 
has been able to place before the nation is ot 
such a character as to dispel effectually the 
slight feeling of umbrage that threatened to 
be engendered in Japan. In unions between 
states the advantages of self-restraint make 
themselves finally felt though for a moment 
the exercise of that quality may suggest 
lack of dignity. A retrospect of the five 
months that have elapsed since the conclu- 
sion of the Anglo-Japanese Alliance helps to 
elucidate the fact and the present incident 
is an illustration of it. (These concluding 
remarks seem to embodj a gentle reproof to 
England and a distant suggestion that 
big talk preludes bigger explanations.) 

Monday, July 14. 
The Chiuo attributes to Mr. KatoTakaaki 
an interesting comment on Lord Cranborne's 
recent bevue. Whether Mr. Kato is really 
responsible for the comment we do not know 
but the fact referred to is undoubted. When 
the first agreement — a secret agreement, it is 
often called, and certainly there was a 
measufy of privacy about it — when the first 
agreement between Russia and China 
with regard to Manchuria came upon the 
tapis, it was the Japanese Government that 
undertook the task of protesting, and 
unquestionably the defeat of the agreement 
was due to that protest. But Lord Cranborne, 
speaking in the House of Commons, created 
the impression that the initiative had been 
taken by England, and to this day the world 
attributes the abandonment of the agreement 
to the joint action of England, America and 
Japan. Lord Cranborne did not make the 
slightest allusion to Japan in his speech, and 
the omission was not more unjust than 
ungracious. His lordship can not be called 
a very tactful statesman. 

The Jiji Shimpo attaches no importance to 

Lord Cranborne's utterance. It was merely 
a Rowland for an Oliver. He was attacked 
on the ground that England's isolation hav- 
ing become dangerous she was ready to 
grasp hands with any one, and in reply he 
made the now much-talked of assertion. 
Such things may easily happen in debate. 
Nevertheless it was undoubtedly language 
not becoming a high diplomatic official ; a 
blunder in short. Japan, however, may be 
quite content with the condemnatory altitude 
of the British public and with Mr. Balfour's 
explanation. " The English and the Japan- 
ese peoples have profound confidence in each 
other, and there is not the least fear that their 
relations will be disturbed by a trivial utter- 
ance of that kind." It should be borne in 
mind — says the Jiji in conclusion — that the 
question before the British Parliament was 
not why England had made an alliance with 
Japan but why she had not made it sooner. 

Eriday, July 18. 
We confess to a feeling of some surprise 
that the Nippon, which is par excellence the 
chauvinist journal of Japan, should have 
preserved silence on the occasion of the 
Cranborne incident. But we are still more 
surprised to find our contemporary coming 
out, at this belated hour, with an art icle of a 
decidedly inflammatory character, in which 
— and this is the strongest point of all — the 
Japanese people are accused of lacking 
self-respect and being unfortunately deficient 
in spirit. The Nippon 's remarks take the 
form of a running commentary on a 
statement attributed to a certain foreign 
diplomatist, who, if we may judge from 
his language, was grieviously disappoint- 
ed that Lord Cranborne's bevue did not 
raise in Japan such a storm of indigna- 
tion as to imperil the continued existence 
of the Anglo-Japanese alliance. If a foreign 
diplomat really uttered the remarks quoted 
by the Nippon, then we can only say that 
our contemporary should have been too 
astute to be caught by such an obvious 
attempt to fish in troubled waters ; and if 
this foreign diplomat is a mere figment of 
the AUppoii s imagination, an unsubstantial 
peg for supporting a jeremiade, then in truth 
our contemporary has much to answer 
for. Assuming, however, that the foreign 
diplomat is a genuine personage and that he 
really did make the comments attributed 
to him, namely, that there is a time for 
speech and a time for reticence ; that if Japan 
really attaches value to being regarded as 
her ally's equal, she disqualifies herself hy 
her spiritless patience, and that the world 
will unquestionably pronounce her people 
lamentably lacking in the quality of self- 
assertion — if a foreign diplomat truly said 
such things, then the Nippon justifies him 
by the reception it gives his advice. In 
England any foreign diplomat undertaking 
to pronounce an opinion of the kind, would 
be told to mind his own business. lie 
would be reminded, politely or roughly, 
that the English people know their 
own interests, and that they have no need 
of a foreign instructor in the qualities of 
self-assertion and national pride. But the 
Nippon seems to think- that the impertinent 
criticisms of this officious stranger should 
be humbly accepted by the Japanese as a 
proper and well merited rebuke, and taken 
as the text of a reproachful sermon. 
That is not like the Nippon's usual discern- 
ment and habitual spirit. Finally, we would 
ask our contemporary why it joined the con- 
spiracy of silence from which it now draws 
inferences so sinister to its countrymen's 
character. If reticence in the face of 

July 19, 1902.I 



Lord Cranborne's words exposed the Japan- 
ese nation to such unpleasant criticism, why 
was the Nippon itself a conspicuous pre- 
server of that reticence ? The time has 
passed for an anti-climax, and since the 
Nippon palpably missed its opportunity, 
this belated condemnation of those that were 
equally tardy can not be classed even with 
wisdom following the event. 


Wednesday, July 16. 
The Koknmin Skimbun, commenting on 
Lord Salisbury's retirement, says that when 
Marquis Ito visited England on the last 
occasion, he was received at Hatfield by 
Lord Salisbury's daughter, who, when walk- 
ing round the park with the Japanese 
visitor, observed that Bismarck was un- 
doubtedly a great statesman but that he had 
erred as to the time of retiring from office. 
Had he retired on the death of Emperor 
William his fame would have been better 
assured. From that observation Marquis 
Ito inferred that Lord Salisbury's intention 
of abandoning public life had been already 
formed. If an illustration be sought of 
Laotsu's saying that the time to retire is 
when fame has been achieved and duty done, 
then Lord Salisbury's case will always be 
pointed to as such an illustration. It is 49 
years since he entered Parliament, and 36 
since he became a member of the Cabinet. 
Three times he has been Premier of England, 
the first occasion being 17 years ago, and his 
terms of office in that position aggregate 14 
years, a fact which in itself constitutes a 
convincing proof of his great ability. He 
retires at 72 years of age with the gratitude 
and admiration of all parties in, and all 
parts of, the British Empire. He may have 
thought of resigning after the general elec- 
tion in 1900 when the country offered him a 
new mandate by an overwhelming majority. 
But the Queen was still alive and the South- 
African question had to be dealt with. Her 
Majesty has passed away and the war is 
happily ended. Thus the time is ripe for 
his lordship's retirement. He had made 
everything ready for the step, so that, 
although it is a signal event in the politics 
of the world, it will cause no dislocation of 
the political machine in England, Lord 
Salisbury being succeeded by his nephew, 
who will have the benefit of his wise counsels. 
The Koknmin then gives some particulars of 
Lord Salisbury's career, which it considers 
to have been chiefly marked by ability in 
foreign politics, and it says that he remains 
to the conservative party a treasure- 
house of unparalleled sagacity and experi- 
ence in foreign affairs. During his long 
public life he took care to educate men com- 
petent to replace him, and he is thus able to 
retire with assured confidence that the 
government of the country will proceed 
smoothly and without hitch. In every 
respect he has set an example of perfect 

The AsaJii Skimbun observes that Lord 
Salisbury's case must be clearly differentiat- 
ed from those of statesmen who, though 
they possessed the confidence of the So- 
vereign that appointed them, did not possess 
that of his successor. His lordship retires, 
as Mr. Gladstone did, solely because he has 
done his work and needs rest. His Cabinet 
is in its eighth year of existence, and it is 
characteristic of the endurance and zeal of 
British statesmen that whereas three years of 
premiership tired out M. Waldeck- Rousseau, 
Lord Salisbury, though of ripe age, could 

bear the fatigues of eight years. Japan 
regrets his retirement, but feels confident 
that in the hands to which he has bequeath- 
ed his work, the England of to-day and of 
to-morrow will be as the England of yesterday. 
Lord Salisbury was a true friend of Japan in 
the old and original sense of the term. I [e, 
first among European statesmen, detected 
the true sentiments of this country towards 
the neighbouring empire, and was willing to 
take her for cooperator and to trust her com- 
pletely. Doubtless the Anglo-Japanese 
alliance is to be attributed ultimately to the 
labours of such men as Mr. Kato Taka- 
aki, Mr. Chamberlain, Lord Lansdowne, 
Sir Claude MacDonald, Viscount Hayashi, 
and the Japanese Cabinet, but the ulti- 
mate responsibility of such a marked 
departure from England's national policy 
rested with Lord Salisbury. The Asaki 
leaves to Englishmen the task of writing 
appreciations or criticisms of their great 
statesman's career. It confines itself to 
noting that by the election of 1900 he 
placed his Cabinet on a firmer footing than 
ever, and that the work of imperialism may 
now be safely trusted to Mr. Balfour and 
Mr. Chamberlain. Yet it does seem a pity 
that Lord Salisbury should have retired on 
the very eve of the Coronation. 

The Nicki Nidus notice is brief but 
appreciative. It observes that Lord Salis- 
bury's intention of retiring had long been 
known, and that, owing to his wise arrange- 
ments, it will not cause any break in the 
continuity of British policy or any distur- 
bance in British politics. Especially will 
there be no change in the country's attitude 
towards foreign affairs. The Nicki Nicki 
then gives a brief resume of the chief 
incidents in Lord Salisbury's public career ; 
notes that he concluded the Angjo- 
Japanese alliance and brought the South- 
African war to a conclusion, and observes 
that' although the trend of the 
times was in his favour, the strength and 
success of his long-lived Cabinet bear 
conclusive testimony to his ability. It 
seems a pity that he did not remain 
in office until the Coronation, but in re- 
tiring at the moment when his fame is in 
its zenith he obeys the dictates of true 
statesmanship. Our contemporary then 
gives a eulogistic notice of Mr. Balfour, who, 
at the comparatively youthful age of 54, 
succeeds to this great charge. The Nicki 
NicIii thinks that he has given ample proofs 
of ability and that England's affairs will be 
safe in his hands. 

Thursday, July 17. 
The Jiji Skimpo, it need scarcely be said, 
has a clever and sympathetic article about 
the political event in England. It notes 
that Lord Salisbury's disposition to resign 
was manifested some time ago, and can not 
now surprise any one. Not since 1 <S 1 2 , 
when Lord Liverpool remained at the head 
of a cabinet for 14 years, lias any British 
Ministry attained such a long life as the 
Salisbury Cabinet. Nor has any Ministry 
a more remarkable record. His Lordship's 
name is connected with the settlement of 
the Venezuela dispute, with the annexation 
of Burmah, with the administration of 
Egypt, with the South-African war and 
with the Anglo-Japanese alliance. He has 
also been instrumental in carrying out most 
of the principal domestic reforms advocated 
by tkfi Liberals, so that the tongue of 
criticism has been silenced. Such results 
must be justly placed to his credit. An 
essentially fair-minded man, free from self- 
seeking, resolute, a party-leader yet never 
swayed from his purpose or conviction by 

party influence, he has made a record of 
unprecedented achievement. It may be 
said of him in the words of the Chinese 
philosopher that he closes his political 
career in possession of the fame of great 
deeds. In spite of sickness he remained at 
his post until the South-African war was 
concluded, thus setting a fine example of the 
sense of responsibility. The Jiji then points 
out that Mr. Balfour's qualifications and 
record indicate him as a worthy successor of 
Lord Salisbury, and that, so far as the 
personnel of the Cabinet is concerned, the 
change is limited in its scope. • Nevertheless 
the direction of affairs passes from the hands 
of the old to those of the young, and that 
certainly means a change in the political 
situation, and will have a corresponding 
effect upon national sentiment. South-Africa 
will feel the difference ; the Anglo- Japanese 
alliance will be strengthened with regard to 
the Far-Eastern question, and we may look 
for new deeds and new plans from this Cabi- 
net of younger men. 



Monday, July 14. 
According to telegrams from Shanghai to 
the Jiji Shimpo there is some excitement 
and indignation in that Settlement because 
of the North-Ckina Daily News' manner of 
treating telegrams about Prince Komatsu. 
The telegrams referred to extend up to the 
1 2th instant, and as the latest copies of 
Shanghai journals received here are those 
of the 5 th, we can not tell exactly what may 
have appeared in the columns of the N.-C. 
Daily News between the latter date and the 
1 2th. Turning over our contemporary's 
columns we find that in its issues of the 2nd, 
the 4th and the 5th it inserted the following 
telegrams with the headings here given : — 


London via Bombay, July 1. 
Prince Komatsu lunched with the Duke and 
Duchess of Connaught yesterday. — Renter. 


London via Bombay, July 3. 
Prince Komalsu and his entire suite had a farewell 
audience with Queen Alexandra. Throughout his 
visit to England the Prince has been conspicuously 
honoured. — Renter. 


London, Julv 3. 
H.M. Queen Alexandra yesterday received Prince 
Komatsu, whose indisposition had prevented his 
acceptance of i ler Majesty's invitation to luncheon. 
Prince Komatsu departed from London to-day for 
Paris and Spain. T.R.H. the Prince of Wales and the 
Duke of Connaught witnessed his departure, cordially 
shaking hands with the Prince, whilst the crowd pre- 
sent cheered. — Special Service. 


London i'ia Bombay, July 4. 
Prince Komatsu has started for Paris and Spain. — 

Apparently some more facetiae of an even 
less considerate character appeared in sub- 
sequent issues of the same journal, and the 
Jiji s correspondent says that not only the 
Japanese residents of Shanghai but also many 
of the foreign are indignant, and that all 
unanimously agree in denouncing such rude- 
ness. Certainly the person who has charge 
of this department of the N.-C. Daily News 
columns has very little sense of the fitness 
of things and very little respect for the feel- 
ings of others. But truly it seems to us 
that his extremely silly jokes are not worth 
a scintilla of wrath. The only sufferer is the 
journal which allows its columns to be thus 
disfigured. We entertain no doubt that the 
N.-C. Daily News, so soon as the matter is 
brought clearly to the notice of the editor, 


[July 19, 1902. 

will make whatever amende is possible. One brutal ; no other term can be applied ; the 

comment is called for by the message to the things that used to be said about the late Li 

Jiji Shimpo. It is there Stated that the llung-chang were an equally disgraceful 

Japanese Consul is perplexed how to display of licence, and the criticisms now 

act. We do not believe it for a mo- constantly penned about Chinese statesmen, 

mcnt. Mr. Odagiri is not the kind of Chinese officials and Chinese administration, 

official to make any blunder in such a so far from promoting the cause of progress, 

matter. No remedy whatever is within his impede it by rendering its advocates hateful 
direct reach. If lie has any means of pri- ' and by enraging instead of encouraging their 

vately conveying a suggestion to the editor 
of the offending journal, the desired end 
would be at once attained. Bat in his 
capacity of Consul the matter is wholly beyond 
his sphere, and by attempting to move in it 
officially he would be showing as little tact 
as the N. C Daily News itself. The incident 

Chinese readers. 


Saturday, July 1 2. 
Mr. Kano Jingoro, Principal of the High 
Normal School, has been making to the 

should be treated as a momentary aberra- T ... ... . 

,, 71 . . . , , i . /ui Slum ho some remarks about the coming 

tton. What is incomparably more important • ' . , . . • . «- ? 

. . T ~ n ■/ at 1 t i , of Chinese students to this country. Much 

is that the N C. Daily News and other r , . . . , , * . . . 

. . . < . ry, , • , of what he is represented as having said 
Fnghsh journals printed in Shanghai and 1 K . , & , 

„. „ s 1111 j j 4. 1 t i presents no novelty; namely, that educa- 

C una should be persuaded to observe the f. . 1 1 • 1 ^ 

, ' , V ... . , . c tion is much cheaper in Japan than 

elementary, rules of politeness in speaking of . . u ^ 1 J 1 , , , 

, }■ ,. , rr • i e ^ Europe, that the necessary books ha 


1 »iurope, tnat tne necessary uoous have 
the Sovereign and of the high officials of the- b translated | nt() j 

land whose hospitality these newspapers ^ ^ <)f script ^ 


Wednesday, July 16. 

imparting of instruction. But one of Mr. 
Kano's assertions is either singularly 

It appears from news received in Tokyo ingenuous or erroneously reported. He is 
on Sunday that so far from apologising for made to say that the gulf is so wide be- 
lts rudeness to Prince Komatsu, the North- between the degree of Occidental civilization 
China Daily News actually attempts to : and the degree of Chinese civilization that 
defend it. Mr. Drummond wrote to the ! to attempt any immediate blending of the 
Shanghai paper protesting against the nature j two would be like grafting a bamboo on a 
of the headings used by it when publishing forest tree. That sounds like putting Japan- 
telegrams about the Prince, but the North- I esc civilization — which he recommends as 
China Daily News replied .that not one out \ better suited for amalgamation — on a lower 
of every hundred of its readers cared a single plane than Occidental civilization, a proposi- 
straw about the movements of Prince ! tion which Occidentals will readily endorse, 
Komatsu. Such extreme boorishncss is , but which we do not expect to hear from a 
beyond all comment. There is nothing to 1 Japanese. We apprehend, however, that Mr. 
be said except that the North-China Daily ' Kano refers rather to the general scale of living 
News under its present editor is wholly j than to the essentials of civilization. There 
ignorant of the elementary rules of polite- 1 his statement is unassailable, for the contrast 
ness. Its extreme insularity too is quite | between life in Japan and life in China to 
amusing. Were it a petty provincial j be much more marked than the contrast 
journal published at some out-of-the-way between life in the West and life in the East 
place in Ireland or Wales, one can con- 1 generally. Mr. Kano is about to pay a 
ceive that its uninformed and prejudiced J visit to China. He is already in charge of 
readers would take no interests in the move- { several Chinese students studying in this 
ments of an Imperial Prince, a near relative j country, and his tour will probably have 
of the Emperor of Japan, sent by a country j the effect of promoting the movement he 

with which England has just formed an j advocates. 

alliance to assist at the Coronation Ceremony I Monday July 14 

of King Edward. But considering that | An offioef who has just returned from 
Reuters Far-Pastern service of telegrams ' th Chi nd who aks through the 
are compiled for the benefit of a mixed co j_ uams of the m Shimpo, says that the 
community of all nationalities ; that when barracks for the Japanese garrison troops in 
they appear in Shanghai they are read py , Xients{n and Peking have just been finished, 
an audience which watches with keen m- | ^ fc . Qn ^ & ^ ceftainl 

terest the relations between Japan and j fiot hlferior to those of a other nation 
England; that Shanghai is the duef em- d h ^ QutwSLrd appearance may 
ponum of a trade which _ depends for its \ rh % leave some .thing to be desired, 
development upon the maintenance of the ^mong all the barracks the American are 
policy to which England and Japan have best e ; d as to mess . rooms and 
pledged themselves — considering these | aorm : tnr : es anri amonp . al , the trooaa the 

things, the fact that the North-China Daily 
News is quite out of touch with the 
spirit of the times is very apparent. So 
far as Japan and Prince Komatsu are 
concerned, the incident is altogether insigni- 
ficant. One docs not stop one's vehicle 
in this country for the purpose- of chid- 
ing a child that calls out ijin papa as 
one passes, and neither need any rational 

! dormitories, and among all the troops the 
Japanese have the least palatable food, 
though that of course is inevitable from the 
point of view of economy. Water is one of 
the great difficulties. The Peiho is the only 
available source of supply and its water is 
quite undrinkable without being filtered. 
Arrangements have now been made, how- 
ever, for filtering on a large scale, and there 
is ample provision of wholesome water. The 

man be troubled by the gauchenes of a t m wc „ bchaved) and there can be 

newspaper labouring under a temporary nQ j^jstaking their determination to maintain 
aberration of understanding. The noticeable hg honour * of their Japancsc c i oth . This 
point about the incident, as we observed inl^^ on , causfi of . r ^ t b that Japanese 
our last .ssue, is tnat these rudenesses are of a officcrs ^ nQt a fford to live better. The 
piece with the extreme grossness of language q{ ^ ()lhcl - nat ionalities are to be 

and invective habitually employed by constantl seen at thc A stor House fraterniz- 
Shanghai and 1 longkong journals when (lis- . , ■ • , . . ., T 

• it l r^i A - r- 1 f mg and enjoying themselves, but the japart- 

CUSSine the acts of the Chinese Court and of - 1 rc J ■ rt . u 1 • 1 

. K , . , rr . . „ M ... . , cse officer is conspicuous by his absence. 

Chinese hudi officials. I he things said con- , , „ 

\ , B . T . t-. 6 Such pastimes are beyond his purse, 

stantlv about the Empress Dowager arc 1 J 

Apparently some light has broken upon 
the Indemnity question. A telegram from 
the Jiji's Peking correspondent says that, 
through America's intervention, Great Britain 
has been induced to consent to receiving 
payment of her installments in silver during 
the next eight years, after which time she 
will require to be paid in gold at the current 
rale of exchange. It is added that at the 
earnest request of Viceroy Yuan, the English 
Government has agreed to approach the 
other Powers for the purpose of securing 
their acquiescence in that arrangement. 
But Russia, Germany and France are all 
believed to be unwilling to forego gold 
payments. We imagine that every Western 
j Government and certainly Japan would be 
disposed to treat China leniently in the mat- 
; ter were they not influenced by the conviction 
j that if her finances were honestly administer- 
ed she could pay ten such indemnities without 
any trouble whatever. The gold and silver 
embarrassment is a veritable mote in her 
financial eye compared with the beam of 

The latest telegrams from Peking do not 
indicate that the Tientsin problem is as near 
a settlement as Reuter's intelligence indi- 
cates, but there would seem to be reasons 
j for concluding that a little more time will 
unravel the perplexity. 

Speaking of the Tientsin problem, we may 
mention a statement made by a Yokohama 
resident, who has just returned from 
China. He says that the experience of the 
provisional Government in Tientsin consti- 
tutes an object lesson in the capacities of 
Chinese finance if honestly administered. 
When the city was taken over by the 
Powers its treasury was absolutely empty 
and a small sum of thirty or forty thousand 
taels had to be put up by the Governments 
concerned for the purposes of working ex- 
penses. Since then the Commissioners have 
been spending some twenty thousand taels a 
! month in salaries, yet now, after little more 
\ than a year's administration, they find that 
j their debt is paid off and they have a sur- 
'plus of five hundred thousand taels in hand. 
That is certainly a suggestive record. 

The Cassini secret agreement made a 
considerable commotion at the time when 
it was invented by the newsmongers, but the 
Cyril secret seems to be falling flat. Yet 
its details are very explicitly given by the 
Jimmin. It is said to have been planned 
by the pro-Russian pally in Peking, of whom 
the leaders are Yung Lu, Ku Fun-ki, Lin 
Tien-ling and Kon Kan, and they are- 
supposed to have taken advantage of Prince v 
Cyril's coming to consummate their plans, 
The objects of the agreement are to contrive 
the restoration of Tientsin on easy terms — 
! which has been effected now by American 
j intervention — ; to put obstacles in the 
I way of the arrangement proposed by 
England for the management of the 
, Peking-Shanhaikwan Railway; to provide 
\ against British objections to the Peking- 
j Chankiakow line, which is essential to the 
; completion of Russia's railway communica- 
tions with Mongolia ; and finally to contrive 
that England and Japan shall not be able to 
open Manchuria to foreign trade after its 
evacuation by Russia. This seems to be 
a programme of common action rather than 
a convention. Its details arc obviously 
devised by some one who has set himself to 
think out the most objectionable projects 
attributable to Russia. 

Wednesday, July 16. 
Some enterprising news-agent has sup- 
plied to four of the second-class journals of 

July 19, 1902.J 


Tokyo an elaborate statement of the contents 
of a secret treaty which M. Lessar is said 
to be pressing upon the acceptance of the 
Chinese Government, and which is strenu- 
ously opposed by Viceroy Yuan with the 
assistance of " certain two Powers." The 
treaty is intended to provide for the future 
of Thibet. It sets out by declaring that 
Thibet is of much importance to both the 
contracting parties, and then it goes on to 
provide that the two Powers shall cooperate, 
with the' employment of force if necessary, 
to preserve order in that country ; that 
" while granting freedom of conscience as 
far as possible " no creeds shall be allowed 
to be preached except those of Buddha 
and of the Greek Church ; that if any third 
party attempts to make trouble in Thibet, 
Russia and China shall combine against it, 
and so on. The tale is an obvious canard. 
Even the Yomiuri accompanies its publication 
with expressions of uncertainty. It is another 
of the many illustrations of the abuse of news- 
agencies. Here we have no less than four 
journals all simultaneously cooperating to 
disseminate false intelligence obtained from 
the same source. If they even credited the 
story to a news agency, their readers would 
have some warning. Rut they publish it, 
one and all, as original news procured from 
independent sources. 

given some trouble and has been long on 
the tapis. Apparently the price of the land 
is 30 sen per tsubo for wet fields and 40 sen 
for upland. 

Mr. Kato Masuo's appointment seems to 
have been finally settled. The Chiuo Shim- 
bun has a telegram saying that he has been 
nominated adviser to the Imperial I louschold 

It is stated that a treaty of amity and 
commerce has been concluded between 
Denmark and Korea, and that the exchange 
of ratifications will take place in a few days. 
The treaty is on the lines of previously con- 
cluded conventions. 

Dr. Morrison, The Times correspondent in 
Peking, has arrived in Soul. 

Mr. Takenouchi Tsuna, formerly a mem- 
ber of the House of Representatives, and now 
a principal official of the Soul-Fusan Rail- 
way, is represented as saying that the 
Korean Government has placed many 
difficulties in the way of the constructors. 
Four serious complications have occurred 
since the work began, the last being 
the land question, which has now been 
settled after much discussion. Last year 
the Company applied for tsubo 
outside the south gate of Soul for 
the uses of a terminus, but although pre- 
liminary arrangements had already been 
effected with the owners, the Soul Govern- 
ment withheld its consent and has now been 
barely induced to agree to the acquisition of 
29,000 tsubo. Mr. Takenouchi adds that 
work is progressing rapidly, that the second 
programme of construction has been com- 
menced, and that the larger half of the work 


It is stated that at a meeting of the officials 
of the Foreign Office and of the Grand 
Secretariat in Peking, a decision was adopt- 
ed to pursue a middle course with regard to 
the abolition of likin. We do not know 
exactly what is meant by a middle course, 
nor do we see how anything of the kind 
could be satisfactorily accomplished. In 
such a matter it must apparently be all , 

or none. There is even at this moment ; wlU soon be completed 
great uncertainty as to the amount of likin 
levied and as to the manner of levying it. 
Should the impost be only partially abolish- 
ed, that uncertainty will furnish an easily 
exploited opportunity to evade the introduc- 
tion of any substantial change. However, 
it is conceivable that Chinese officialdom has 
mapped out some practical plan likely to 
secure a measure of relief. We have little 
hope, but it will be well to suspend judgment. 


Mr. Shiraiwa Ryohei proceeds to China at 
once as representative of the Hunan S.S. 
Company. We mentioned in a recent issue 
that it was proposed to admit Chinese share- 
holders. But as all the shares have been 
taken up in this country, the Chinese can be 
accomodated only by some of the Japanese 
shareholders agreeing to part with their 
stock. Mr. Shiraiwa is doubtless com- 
missioned to act in that matter. The idea 
is to enlist the cooperation of influential 
Chinese on the spot by making them stock- 
holders. Orders have already been placed 
for the necessary vessels. They must be 
steamers drawing not more than 3^ feet, 
as the route to be traversed has only that 
depth of water occasionally. 

Germany is said to have given her un- 
qualified consent to the programme mapped 
out by the Foreign Representatives for the 
restoration of Tientsin. America's interven- 
tion is evidently going to succeed. 

There seems to be somewhat severe fight- 
ing in the south of Formosa. A company 
of infantry and a detachment of gendarmes, 
sent out from Shinchiku on the 7th instant, 
were charged, on the following day, by a 
body of about 100 insurgents. The latter 
did not use their rifles, but attempted to 
charge home with cold steel. They were 
of course dispersed. On the 9th instant, an 
engagement took place at Koro between the 
insurgents and the police, and subsequently 
the latter surrounded Nansho, where a 
combat was still raging at the elate of latest 
advices. A second company of infantry had 
been despatched by train from Taipeh. 


The Asa/a Shiiubuu strongly criticises 
the sugar-bounty system in Formosa. It 
says that the thing has proved a failure and 
was bound to prove a failure. The method 
pursued by the Authorities put a premium on 
abuses. Six per cent, interest was guaranteed 
on the paid-up capital of the Sugar Com- 
pany; not, as is usual, a guarantee that the 
net profits should be made up to six per cent., 
but a guarantee that that amount of subsidy 
should be granted for 5 years irrespective of 
the Company's earnings. Further, instead 
of promising the subvention from the time of 
commencing operations, it was promised 
from the time of paying up the first calls ; 
and, finally, no provision was made as to the 
employment of the paid-up capital. The 
obviously-to-be-anticipated result was that 
the Company devoted 2 years to prelimina 

The Sasago tunnel was finished on the 
[2th instant. This is the heaviest piece 
of tunnelling work in Japan. It is on 
the Hachoji-Kofu Section of the Central 
Railway, and its length is 15,246 feet. 
Work was commenced in 1891, the line 
forming part of the First Programme of 
Railway Construction. Under that pro- 
gramme bonds aggregating 60 million yen 
were floated, and the greater part of the 
money was used for the Central Railway. 

Japanese engineers may congratulate them- 
selves on having now overcome the 
difficulties on the most mountainous stretch 
of railway they are ever likely to be called 
on to build. It is historically stated that 
when Hideyoshi, after overthrowing the 
Hojo, advised Iyeyasu to make Yedo his 
capital, the great soldier pointed out to the 
Tokugawa chief how admirably nature had 
provided for the fortification of Tokyo. 
Approach along the Tokaido was protected 
by the Hakone mountains ; approach along 
the Nakasendo by the Usui hills, and ap- 
proach along the Koshiu-kaido by the 
Kobotoke range. The only weak point was 
on the north, from the Uyeno direction, and 
there Hideyoshi advised the digging of the 
big moat now known as to the Sendai-bori. 
When Hideyoshi himself advanced to the 
attack of the Hojo's great stronghold 
at Odawara, he laid his plans on a 
vast scale, sending one corps d'anuee 
by the Tokaido, another by the Nakasendo 
and a third by the Koshiu-kaido. How he 
managed to preserve communications be- 
tween three forces moving with such an 
enormously extended front, is an interesting 
military problem, but he did manage it. In 
fact, Hideyoshi never undertook anything 
that he could not manage, and never failed 
to manage anything that he undertook. Of 
all the approaches, however, that by the 
Koshiu-kaido proved the most arduous, and 
the fight before Hachioji castle cost the 
invader very dear. If Hideyoshi would now 
rise from his grave and see how the iron 
horse has negotiated the difficulties of these 
three mountainous avenues, he would find 
much to marvel at. The Hakone pass 
has been circumvented by a detour via 
Gotemba on the west of the lake ; the Usui 
hills are crossed by an Abt-system railway, 
passing through 26 tunnels ; and the Kobo- 
toke range has now finally been conquered, 
but at no little outlay of time and money. 
In a distance of 53 miles between Hachioji 
and Kofu no less than 42 tunnels have had 
to be pierced, their total length being 12 
miles. The longest is the Sasano tunnel 
(13,246 feet) and next to it comes the 
Kobotoke tunnel (8,300 feet). Thus the 
railway record shows that the Hachioji-Kofu 
section heads the list with 42 tunnels ; the 
Usui comes next with 26, and the Fuku- 
shima-Yonezawa is third with 19. 

It has at length been decided that the 
metropolitan station of the Soul-Fusan Rail- 
way shall be outside the south gate of interest on its paid-up capital. It commenc- 
Sdttl, and that 29,000 tsubo of land shall be 'ed operations last October and the Asahi 
sold by the Korean Government to the ' claims that failure has been the outcome, and 
Japanese Company. This question has that such a system is bound to entail loss. 


A telegram (special service) published on 
the 15th inst. by the Japan Herald, said : — 

London, July 14. 
A New York despatch states that the United 
States Government has granted a title to Marcus 
Island (south-east of the Konin Islands) to Capt. 
Kosehill, who organised an expedition to take pos- 
session. On arrival of the transport Sheridan at 
was reported that the expedition 

San Francisco it 

meanwhile obtaining a splendid rate of had been stopped, the Captain reporting that he 

touched at Marcus Island, but that the Japanese 
soldiers ordered him off. The officer commanding- 
showed the Government orders to take possession. 
Secretary of State Hay has cabled to the U. S. 
Minister in Tokyo to report. 


[july 19, 1902. 

sent would be 350,000 yen, and it would 
mount ultimately to 700,000 yen, the 
aggregate loss on the whole sum being I 
19,070,000 yen. That is a mere baga- 1 
telle compared with the loss her mer- j 
chants might suffer were the import trade] 
checked owing to further depreciation of 
silver. Evidently Russia and France have . 
little if any interest in this latter problem, j 
The value of the commodities sent by them | 
to China is a mere bagatelle, and, on the 
other hand, they have already financed 
their share of the Indemnity so that they 
would be embarrassed were any change 
made now. But countries like Russia, France 
and Germany must look out for themselves. 
There is no occasion why the interests of any 
other Power should be sacrificed on the altar 
of their convenience. England, America and 
japan arc vitally concerned in maintaining 
conditions favourable to the growth of their 
export trade to China, and they should 
follow whatever route leads to that goal 
instead of pulling chestnuts out of the fire for 
Russia, France, and Germany. The Jiji 
has devoted two articles to this subject and 
they show much acumen. The only ques- 
tion that will present itself is whether the 
appreciation of gold can . be checked by the 
measure our contemporary indicates. 
It may not be disputed that the fact or the 
prospect of large quantities of silver being 
thrown on the market year by year during 
the next forty years in connexion with the 
payment of the Indemnity, must have a 
marked effect in lowering the gold price of 
the white metal. But suppose that Russia, 
Germany and France decline definitely to 
accept payment in silver, and suppose that 
England, America and Japan agree to re- 
ceive silver. Would the situation be 
materially improved, so far as exchange 
is concerned ? Apparently not, seeing 
that whereas Russia, Germany and 
France have to receive 415 million yen of the 
total Indemnity, England, America and 
Japan have to receive only 176 millions. It 
is evident, therefore, that if the three former 
Powers insist on gold payments, large sales 
of silver will have to be made every year. 
No great stretch of imagination is required 
to conceive that the prospect of impairing 
the export trade of Japan, England and 
America would not cause much chagrin to 
certain other States. The fact is that when 
the horses pull different ways the vehicle 
does not progress. 


Saturday, July 1 2. 

The disease seems to have established 
itself in Kitanomachi, Fukuoka prefecture, 
We do not know anything about the size or 
population of Kitano-machi. It is evidently 
an insignificant place. There have been 49 
seizures there resulting in 32 deaths. It is 
stated that two families have been entirely 

In the town of Fukuoka itself there have 
been 4 cases. 

Two new cases were reported on the 10th 
instant in the Ilongo district of Tokyo. 

Monday, July 14. 

News from Ncwchvvang is to the effect 
that the cholera is gaining virulence. There 
are now some 30 or 40 cases daily. Mr. 
Segawa, the Japanese Consul, has lost his 
wife. It is added that the LJ.S. Nanhva, 
Takao and Osliima have left Nevvchwang 
and are now at Chefoo. 

A telegram from the Governor of Fuku- 
oka says that up to the loth instant the 
total number of cases in the prefecture, ex- 
clusive of the jail, was 76, of which 48 
proved fatal. There arc also 34 doubtful 
cases. The jail record does not seem to be 
so bad as rumours alleged. The cases there 
aggregated 27 with 12 deaths. The same 
official telegraphs that a case of cholera 
occurred on board the Ibllki Mara at Moji 
on the 1 [th instant. 

No fresh cases are reported in Tokyo. 

Wednesday, July 16. 

Cases of cholera on board ship at Moji are 
reported. The schools in Moji have been 
closed, and all the prisoners in the jail have 
been treated with serum. 

There are no new cases in Tokyo, but 
some attacks of dysentery and scarlet-fever 
are reported. 

Cholera is now reported to have appeared in 
Kanagawa Prefecture. On July 13th Mr. Arai 
Kakichi, of No. 964, Hiyoshi-mura, Tachibana 
district, was attacked by the disease and died the 
following day. 

Thursday, July 17. 

The total number of cases in Kobe up to 
the 15th was 12, of which 8 ended fatally. 

The disease has also visited Kumamoto. 
One case is reported there. Sporadic cases 
continue to occur at Moji, and there has 
been another case in Shizuoka. 

There arc no new patients in Tokyo. 

With reference to this matter we learn on 
inquiry that the island in question is called 
" Shin-tori-shima." It lies in longitude 
1 54 0 E. and latitude 24 0 14' N., and on the 
24th of July, 1898 it was formally included 
in the Bonin Islands and declared, by an 
announcement in the Official Gazette \ to be 
under the administration of Tokyo Prefecture. 
Its name had originally been " Marcus 
Island," but some years prior to 1898 a 
Japanese named Mizutani Shmroku pro- 
ceeded thither, and finding that a profitable 
business might be done in fishing and 
collecting the plumage of the baka, he 
applied to the Japanese Government for a 
lease of the island. I lis request was duly 
granted, the name of the place being simul- 
taneously changed to "Shin-tori-shima." 
It lies immediately south of Iwo-jima, 
and has a population of some 40 or 50 
Japanese of both sexes. But there are no 
soldiers there, and it is evidently erroneous 
to say that the Sheridan was ordered off by 
Japanese troops. 


In urging that Japan should give her con- 
sent to the payment of the Chinese Indemnity 
in silver, the Jiji Sliimpo publishes an in- 
teresting table showing the amounts to be 
received by each nation and their compara- 
tive pcr-centage : — 

Share in Yen (Millions). Per-centage of Total. 

Russia 183 28.97 

Germany 132 20.91 

France 100 '5-75 

England 71 ' I - 2 7 

Japan 49 7-7 2 

America 46 7-3 2 

Italy 38 5-9 1 

The rest 14 2 '4 

633 100.00 
Side by side with this table our contem- 
porary places another showing the import 
trade of the various countries with China for 
1899, that is to say, the year before the war, 
things not being supposed to have recovered 
their normal condition since that catas- 
trophe : — 

Value of Imports. Per-centage 
Taels. of total. 

British India 22,072,000 27.6 

japan 35,897,000 13.6 

America 22,289,000 8.3 

Russia 3,522,000 1.3 

Rest of Europe 10,172,000 3.8 

Hongkong- 118,096,000 44.6 

Rest of World 2,260,000 0.8 

264,748,000 100.0 

The Jiji estimates that if the value of the 
Japanese commodities reaching China via 
Hongkong be taken into account, Japan's 
total exports to China would amount to 50 
million taels, on which it may be estimated 
that she makes a profit of 10 millions 
annually. Now the point to be considered 
is whether by insisting on gold payments 
she may not cause to her traders a loss 
much heavier than the gain she secures for 
her treasury. For the exceptional demand 
thus created for gold must necessarily have 
the effect of depreciating silver, and depre- 
ciating silver means a strong obstacle to the 
development of an import trade. Japan 
is now receiving 2 million yen annually 
on account of the Indemnity and she will 
by and by be receiving 3. 1 8 millions. 
I ler total payments on account of principal 
and interest in 40 years will aggregate 
106.85 million of yen. Now when the Pro- 
tocol was signed the gold value of the tael 
was 1.40 yen, whereas it stands to-day at 
1.1$ yen, the depreciation being 0.25 yen. 
If Japan made up her mind lo receive her 
installments in silver, her yearly loss at pre* 


It has often been noted in these columns 
that one of the principal causes of delay in 
adjudicating law cases in Japan is insuffi- 
ciency of legal tribunals and judges. A 
Tokyo contemporary, the Nippon, publishes 
an instructive table bearing upon this sub- 

ject ; — 


Courts of Cassation 2 

High Local Courts 28 

Local Courts 172 

District Courts 1,929 

Population 56,345,014 

Area 208,830 sq. miles 


Court of Cassation 1 

Appeal Courts 25 

Local Courts 347 

Courts of Conciliation 2,872 

Population 38,517,975 

Area 204,092 sq. miles 


Court of Cassation 1 

' Courts of Appeal 5 

| Local Courts 49 

I District Courts 310 

I Population 43,760,815 

Area M7> 0 55 sq. miles 

Friday, July 18. 
Kyoto has had one fatal case of cholera 
among the hands at a silk-weaving estab- 
lishment. Osaka also had a case — the first 
— on the 1 6th instant, and in Shizuoka on 
the 14th, there was another patient, who 
died. The remaining reports are Hiroshima 
1 case ; Hyogo 1 ; Moji 1 (making the total 
up to the present 1 5 including 3 deaths) ; 
Fukuoka, up to the present, 100 cases with 
72 deaths, besides 10 doubtful cases, 4 of 
which ended fatally ; and Tokyo, up to the 
present, 2 in the city and 2 in the suburbs, 
of genuine cholera, and 19 cases of doubtful 
cholera in the city and 8 in the suburbs. 


The Exchanges are beginning to agitate 
again. Their standing committee claim 
that there has been a marked decline of 
business since the new law was promulgated, 
and that things can not be left in their 
present condition. They invite all the ex- 
changes to send committees to Tokyo by 
the 25th instant for a general meeting. 

July 19, I902.] 



another form, namely, " whether journalism 
jean be reconciled with the common princi- 
Yomiuri Shimbun we find an article pies of honesty has never been a moot 

question until the practice of Yokohama 
newspapers threw doubts upon the matter." 
If our contemporary thinks that the house 
tax is a proper subject for cheap jesting, it 
will not find many to agree with it. If it 
intends its article to be read as a correct 

In the 

which deserves some attention. It is an 
article that suggests two intentions on 
the part of the writer ; an intention of 
representing the Anglo-Japanese alliance 
as an affair much more beneficial to 
England than to Japan, and an intention 

of urging the Japanese people to take steps \ analysis of what we wrote, either its 

rity or its intelligence is singularly defective. 




for redressing this balance. The former 
intention seems to have been inspired by 
Lord Cranborne's remark. In fact, were it 
not for the moral that forms our contem- 
porary's exordium, we should read the 
article solely as a Roland for the Under 
Secretary's Oliver. " You have alleged," 
the Yomiuri seems to retort, " that 
England merely granted what we as sup- 
pliants sought. But we reply that the 
objects of this alliance, if achieved, will be 
of much greater service to you than to us, 
for those objects are to preserve the terri- 
torial integrity and the open markets of a 
country where your trade and your material 
interests are a hundred times larger than 
ours. You, indeed, have a strong navy, the 
strongest in the world. But you have a weak 
army, so weak that you dare not engage in a 
continental war. What you want, therefore, 
to secure the situation in the Far East is a 
country with a powerful military force 
organized within easy striking distance of 
the probable field of operations. Japan 
supplies that want, and you therefore sought 
her alliance. It is futile for your Under . 
Secretarv of State to affirm that we appro- . country, 
ached you, cap in hand. You wanted us, j refu S e on elevated places 
and you came in search of us." 

Thus far the Yomiuri appears to be 
answering Lord Cranborne. The form of 
the answer loses sight of the fact that 
although England's army of volunteers is 
certainly weaker than the huge fighting 
machines constructed in some countries 
by a process of virtual slavery, she is 
the strongest country in the world for over- 
sea military operations. Nevertheless it is 
a good answer enough as far as it goes, 
and we have no right to complain if Lord 
Cranborne's blunder betrays a journal like 
the Yomiuri into a corresponding display 
of tactlessness. Sim ilia sbnilibus is the 
rule with many folks whose standard of 
ethics is still inferior. But the Yomiuri 
has the grace to gild its pill. It urges 
its nationals to strive zealously for the 
development of their material interests in 
China so that the disparity between them 
and tlieir ally shall be less conspicuous. 
Excellent advice, which England of all others 
would be pleased to see followed. The 
Yomiuri s methods, however, remind us of occasion, 
the strident scientist who delivered a deafen- Japanese, 
ing screech into his neighbour's ear by way 
of preparation for a lecture on the theory of 


The graduation ceremony of the Imperial 
University took place on the nth instant, 
in the presence of His Imperial Majesty the 
Emperor. The number of graduates was 
451, and to 13 specially distinguished His 
Majesty gave rewards in the form of silver 
watches bearing the inscription OusJii. The 
graduates according to colleges were : — 

f namely, 56 in English 

Law College 141 

of inundations continues to reach 
The prefectures chiefly affected are 
Niigata, Ishikawa, Toyama and 
Nagano. Railways are interrupted in various 
places, especially between Nagano and Nao- 
yetsu. It need scarcely be explained that 
floods at this season are disastrous to the 
rice crop, for the young plants, recently 
set out, have not had time to take firm root 
and are easily swept away. 

From Hiroshima and Yamaguchi the 
intelligence is that a heavy thunder storm 
has taken place, and that a large tank was 
destroyed by lightning. 

The rainy season will be over, according 
to the usual calculations, on the 20th instant, 
when the doyo commences. Certainly the 
niubai is going off the stage with some eclat. 

From Hokkaido also comes news of in- 
undations. The Yubari river is said to have 
risen suddenly and swamped a large tract ofj 
the inhabitants to take I 
and the Atsuma j 
river in Iburi province has devastated a j 
considerable area. It is said that in the 
Atsuma's flood some lives have been lost. 

Medicine 94 

Engineering 1 17 

Literature 67 

Natural Philosophy... 12 

Agriculture 20 


I law (including old-rule 
I students) ; 7 in French 
I law ; 23 in German law ; 
[and political law, 55. 

It is noteworthy that the students in natural 
philosophy, who used to be conspicuously 
numerous, diminished on this occasion to 
twelve. It is also noteworthy that among the 
67 graduates of the College of Literature only 
8 graduated in foreign languages, 3 in 
English and 5 in German. 




In an article prefaced by the words " whe- 
ther diplomacy can be reconciled with the 
common principles of morality has long been 
a moot question," the Japan' Herald repre- 
sents this journal as preferring against the 
Foreign Representatives the accusation that 
they deliberately concocted a scheme to 
cheat Japan, first, by inducing her to agree 
to arbitration, secondly, by persuading her to 
postpone any collection of the house tax 
pending arbitration, and finally by delaying 
arbitration ad infinitum so that the house 
tax might become a dead issue. We can 
only repeat our contemporary's words in 

It would seem that the naval review at 
the Coronation ceremony is not to be aban- 
doned. At all events the telegraph says 
that the Asama and the Takasago will re- 
main in European waters so as to take part 
in the event. 

Admiral Ijuin, who commands the 
squadron sent by Japan to the Coronation, 
writes to Japan, we observe, expressing in 
the highest terms appreciation of the brilliant 
reception given everywhere to himself, his 
officers, and men cn route for England. He 
attributes all this to the good offices of Sir 
Claude MacUonald, who thoughtfully wrote 
in advance to the high officials at all the 
ports where the Asama and the lakasago 
were to touch. Such acts of tactful foresight 
as the British Minister performed on this 
are fully appreciated by the 


The editor of the Nichi Nichi Shimbun, 
Mr. Asahina, has just returned from his 
extended trip in the Occident. He was 
entertained by his brother-journalists in the 
Tsukiji Seiyoken on the 1 6th instant, and 
in an interesting speech he spoke in 
glowing terms of Russia's material progress, 
and of the clever measures she adopts to 
make other countries take a sound and 
favourable view of her financial condition. 
Mr. Asahina's experiences have convinced 
him that the development of her trade and 
industries is her great aim at present, and 
that, since nothing could impede the con- 
summation of that aim more than trouble 
with Japan, she is earnestly bent upon 
preserving good relations with this country. 

The entertainments of Mr. Wu and Gene- 
ral Yu Lung continue in Tokyo. They 
are becoming a little monotonous if not 
ridiculous. We agree with the Nippon that 
it would be more to the point if lecture- 
meetings were arranged where the visitors 
might obtain some of the information they 
are seeking. But the Nippon goes further. It 
says, in effect, that if too much be made of 
the Chinese, they will mistake the sentiment 
of their entertainers and imagine that they 
themselves have a title to such attention. 
That is a statement which we should not 
have looked to find in a Japanese journal 
just at present, yet it is virtually endorsed 
by the Kokumin Shimbun, which affirms 
that the tendency of the Chinese is to 
gravitate in the direction of bulk. They may 
seem for a moment to be drawing very 
close to either Japan, or England or 
America, but all the while they are under 
the centripetal influence of the massive 
northern Power. No one should imagine 
that genuine international intercourse is an 
object with the Chinese. They may turn 
at any moment on those with whom 
they associate, and he that indulges in too 
expansive friendship for them, is reckoning 
without his host. As between the Nippon 
and the Kokumin, we should take less 
umbrage at the former's allegations than at 
those of the latter were we Chinese. But 
since we do not belong to that nationality, 
the question that interests us is whether 
Chinese sincerity is really regarded so 
lightly in Japan. 

Over seventy blue-jackets have been told 
off for court-martial at Kure in connexion 
with the recent disturbance. We should have 
thought that such a case might have been 
disposed of without recourse to court-martial. 
Rumour says that the comrades of the men 
in custody arc contemplating an attack on 
the gendarmerie. 

The third of the Jiji Sliimpo's children's 
picnics is to take place on the 21st instant. 
Over seventy little girls will be taken to 
Kuge-numa in Soshiu, and there entertained. 
The two previous picnics proved signal 
successes, and doubtless the third will have 
an equally happy record. 

Kudo Tetsuo, a reporter {tansaku-gakari) 
of the Niroku Shimpo, has been committed 
for trial on a charge of black-mailing. The 

5 6 »»#ay*Hji n u vtaWmtoUQ 


[July 19, 1902. 

sum involved was only 300 yen, but accord- 
ing to the published reports the offense 
seems to have been clearly established. 
These black-mailers must be beginning to 
feel that their trade has gone back on them. 

According to two of the Tokyo journals 
1 I.I.I t. Prince Komatsu will return to Japan 
without waiting for the Coronation, which 
is now said to have been privately fixed for 
September. ] )oubtlcss the Prince's decision, 
if it be correctly reported, is due to the fact 
that the British Court has determined not 
to invite foreign Potentates or their repre- 
sentatives to the deferred ceremony. 

It is stated that the American capitalist, 
Mr. Brady, is likely to make arrangements 
with the Kyoto citizens as he has ahead}' 
done with those of Osaka. Tokyo alone 
seems to be shy. Japanese newspapers 
speak of Mr. Brady as the "gas king" of 

Some surprise and much regret is felt in 
educational circles owing to the resignation 
of Dr. Tomii, professor of law in the Im- 
perial University. Doctors Hozumi Ume 
and Tomii enjoy the highest reputation for 
knowledge of jurisprudence. Dr. Tomii is 
well known to be a man of the highest inte- 
grity and entirely free from self-seeking 
ambition. Strong efforts are being made to 
induce him to reconsider his resolve. 

The Yomiuri says that according to the 
latest returns there are 127 Japanese houses 
in Manchuria, their inmates totalling 1,006. 
The principal occupations are those of car- 
penter and inn-keeper. 

Tokyo newspapers say that the two 
electric-light companies of the capital, the 
Tokyo and the Shinagawa, have agreed to 
amalgamate, the latter being absorbed into 
the former at a valuation, of 225,000 yen. 
No further particulars are given, nor can we 
undertake to say how the amalgation is to 
be made practical in the case of companies 
having their power-generating stations so 
far apart, and supplying quite different 
quarters of the city. As to the general 
wisdom of amalgamation, however, there 
can be no manner of doubt. 

The Official Gazette announces the be- 
stowal of various honours upon civilians in 
connexion with the North-China campaign. 
At the head of the list of names is that of 
Mr. Kato Masayoshi, Vice-President of the 
Nippon Yusen Kaisha, who receives the 
Third Class Order of the Sacred Treasure. 
The number of rewards is about 1,000. 

While the news of M. Dubail's transfer to 
Peking will be received with universal satis- 
faction by his many friends, since it signifies 
promotion for him, his removal from Tokyo 
can not but cause much regret, for he has 
shown himself a worthy exponent of the re- 
mark-ably able foreign policy of France Under 
M. Delcasse's direction. 

It is expected that Prince Cyril, who is 
now in the north, will leave Vladivostock 
on the 24th instant for Yokohama, arriving 
at the latter place on the 28th. It was 
thought possible that the Grand Duke Boris 
Vladimir might remain in Japan so as to 
travel in company of Prince Cyril, but His 
I Iighncss adhered to his original programme 
and left Yokohama on the 15th instant by 
the Coptic. 

The chain of causation occupies an im- 
portant place in the creed of Buddha. One 
would scarcely have thought of tracing its 

links from the Chicago World's Fair to a 
Conference of Oriental Religions in Kyoto 
in 1903. What adds interest to the chain 
is that one of the links is an American 
lady. When Beihikunda, the Indian 
priest, went to the Chicago Conference, 
he delivered a lecture which converted one 
among his audience, an impressionable 
female. This lady subsequently visited 
India and on her way home, spent some 
time at the great temple Hongwan-ji in 
Kyoto. There she met Mr. Oda Tokuno, who 
seems to have interested her greatly, for on 
her return to Calcutta at a later date, she 
wrote from the American consulate in that 
city, advising Mr. Oda to visit the birth-place 
of the Buddha. I le did so, and there the 
idea matured of holding a conference in 
Kyoto in the year of the Osaka Inhibition. 
Mr. Oda, on his later journeys in China, 
met the celebrated Buddhist priest Yang 
Jin-shan, of Nanking, as well as the Dalai 
Lama in Peking, and enlisted their sympa- 
thies with the projected conference. We do 
not learn, however, that Confucianism or 
Taoism is to be represented. That is a 

From the 1 6th instant telephonic com- 
munication between Nikko, Chiusenji, 
Tokyo and Yokohama was established. 
The charge between Nikko and Chiusenji is 
30 sen (including 10 sen for summoning the 
other party) ; the charge between Tokyo 
and Nikko is 60 sen ; between Tokyo 
and Chiusenji the same ; and be- 
tween Yokohama and Nikko (or 
Chiusenji) 70 sett. There is also telephonic 
communication between Ikegami and Nikko, 
a line which does not seem to promise 
largely. The Tokyo-Chiuscnji line will be 
a very great convenience — or a nuisance — 
to the members of the Corps Diplomatique 
who now make Chiusenji their summer resort. 

There have been heavy floods in Fukui, 
Ishikawa and Toyama prefectures, in con- 
sequence of continuous rain from the 14th 
instant. Daishoji, in Kaga, seems to have 
suffered most. The Jinzu river has risen 
many feet, interrupting the railways. 

A later telegram says that Fukui is com- 
pletely submerged. No casualties to life or 
limb are reported. 

On the 15 th instant the whole of the 
workmen at the Kure naval docks, number- 
ing three thousand, went on strike. It is 
stated that they contemplate remaining 
away from work for twenty days. The 
cause of the trouble has not been clearly 
telegraphed, but doubtless it is a question of 
pay. This is the largest strike that has yet 
taken place in Japan. 

The graduation ceremony was held at 
Kyoto University on the 14th inst. Twenty- 
eight students graduated, of whom three 
received prizes from the Emperor. The 
University is not yet fully organized, only 
three out its four colleges being in working 
order, and only one of them being in a 
position to turn out graduates. Professor 
Kinoshita, addressing the students, said that 
the number of graduates from the University 
during its five years of existence had been 

The death is announced of Rear-Admiral 
Endo. He died on the 1 5th instant of en- 
teritis. Admiral Endo received his educa- 
tion in England, and spent some years at 
Greenwich. He was removed from the 
active list a few months ago on account 
of ill-health. 


The following bicycle regulations were issued 
by the Governor of Kanagawa Prefecture on July 
15 th, to be put in force at once : — 

Art. I. — When riding a bicycle on a public 
road, the cyclist must have a bell, or some other 
sounding device fixed to the vehicle, or carry it 
himself, so as to give warning to others. 

Art. II. — No training, nor races, nor trick 
performances of any kind on a bicycle shall be 
undertaken on a public road, 

No cycle shall be ridden by more than the 
prescribed number of persons. No more than 
two cyclists shall be allowed to ride abreast. 

Art. III. — When passing a crowded place or 
round a street-corner, the cyclist shall proceed 
slowly, giving warning by means of the bell or 
other device. 

Art. IV. — When riding down a slope or along 
a narrow passage, the cyclist shall proceed 
slowly. At sharp inclines, however, he must 
alight from his bicycle. 

Art. V. — While riding on roads within the 
limits of the city, the cyclist shall not remove 
both his hands from the handle. 

Art. VI. — When meeting soldiers on the man h 
the cyclist shall avoid them by passing on the 
right side, but he shall pass on the left side when 
meeting a procession of students, or a funeral, etc 

Art. VII. — Whenever a cyclist intends to pass 
a carriage or a cart from behind, he shall do so 
on the right side. 

Art. VIII. — Cyclists shall use lamps when rid- 
ing at night. 

Art. IX. — A police officer, if he deems it neces- 
sary, shall order a cyclist to dismount or shall 
stop his riding. 

Art. X. — Offenders against the forgoing rules 
are liable to a term of detention or to a police fine. 


The remains of Mr. E. C. Swan, whose death 
we reported .011 Friday, were interred in the 
General Cemetery on Friday forenoon. The 
coffin, which was covered by many floral wreaths 
and other offerings, was removed from the Gene- 
ral Hospital about 10.30 to the Church, where a 
large company of mourners had assembled to join 
in the obsequies. At the close of the service at 
the Church, which was conducted by Rev. W. 
P. G. Field, the coffin was carried to the hearse 
and the cortege proceeded to the General Ceme- 
tery. The pall-bearers were Messrs. W. L. Merri- 
man, E. J. I )yer, G. S. Bayley, J. T. Thompson, J. 
H. Allison, G. G. Brady, R. S. Miller, Secretary of 
of the U. S. Legation, Bower, L. E. Sperry, and 
F. B. Abenheim. Mr. H. C. Smith, a distant rela- 
tive of the deceased, who is at present in Japan, 
and Mr. D. H. Blake acted as chief mourners. 
At the graveside Rev. Mr. Field read the con- 
cluding portion of the burial service and Mrs. Jas. 
Walter, Miss Poole, and Mr. G. G. Brady sang 
"The Silver Cord will soon be broken." Among 
the many mourners were representatives from the 
U.S. Legation and Consulate General, and at the 
Cemetery the sad procession was met by a delega- 
tion from the Yokohama Commercial School. 
The wreaths and other tributes were numerous — 
a special and beautiful one being sent by the 
Y.C. & A.C., — and the service both in the Church 
and in the Cemetery greatly effected many present. 


The Emperor and Empress have granted yen 
500 toward the sufferers from the recent fire at 
Yubari, Hokkaido. 

Fire broke out about on Saturday morn- 
ing in the shop occupied by the well-known 
Chinese tailor, Cock Eye, at No. 80, Yamashita- 
cho. The alarm was given from the Brigade 
Tower and a steamer proceeded promptly to the 
scene. As there was a plentiful supply of water 
the flames were soon got under control, though 
not before the building in which the flames 
originated had been entirely flooded. The police 
brigades also turned out and did good service. 
The cause of the fire is unknown. The place is 
said to have been insured for yen 20,000. 

July 19, 1902.] 


W Kttr 5*2/ W B *»«&H5a SWOT 57 

AGAIN THE HOUSE TAX. immunity might have been extended to tion he was, in July 1866, appointed Secretary pf 

them without unjust discrimination. But StatejfW India, which post he resigned on account 

J of a difference in opinion respecting the Reform 

suppose that sucli a course were to-day Bill, March 2, 1867, when two other Cabinet 

adopted. Suppose that the Japanese An- ministers, viz., General Peel; War Secretary, and 

■thorities decided not to call for any further bord Carnarvon, Colonial Secretary, also gave in 

,. ... t, , their resignations. On Nov. 12, 1869, he was 

payments pending arbitration. Then what clected Chance u or 0 f tne University of Oxford, in 

would happen is that the Representatives succession to the late Earl of Derby. In 1871-72 

We presume that since the frivolity of q£ ^ Eufopean Pou . crs conccnlcd cou i d he and bord Cairns, as arbitrators, conducted a 

carrvinc resistance to the point of suffering: . ., , . . ,. , Ion? investigation into the complicated affairs of 

TPt! L t Lrr. ...u, Po^Pone all further payments sine die by the P Ij0ndon f ehatham, and Dover Railway Corn- 

T'HIS weary and painful subject is again 
becoming prominent. Notices have 
been served on the foreign residents that 
another Installment of the tax is falling due 
and will be collected at the proper time. 

distraint did not present itself four months ^ simple device of continuing to disagree _ His lordship was again appointed Secretary 
ago to the foreign officials whose duty it was abQut & Thgy keep j ai - an of state for India when Mr. Disraeli returned to office 

to advise their nationals, it will not present ^ foc arbitmti and therefore waiting ! in February, 1874. When, at the close of thc 
:+^\r fi-,«m ti^^r R^ciripc !t i« h\- no i war between turkey and Servia, differences arose 

itself to them now. Besides it is by no for tlte house tasx, ad infinitum. To escape ! betwecn thc forme J power and Russia, the Mar- 
means certain that the term hivolity | f rom triat ^V*^**, she would be compelled Iquis of Salisbury was sent as Special Ambassador 
will be applicable on the present occasion. . tQ accept &ny ^ tQ hef Sq shfi 1 

That may be seen by a brief examination of mugt ^ prQceed ^ ^ ^ 

the facts. 

collection had to be 

is no practical alternative. 

When the question o', uoucum, . Iau ^ ^ . p erhaps those that so strongly denounced 
considered last spring, the situation was that hef fo] . enfordng the pavment 0 fthe tax 
25 percent, of the foreign residents had paid ^ g ^ ^ bq , in t0 see t hat she 

acted with common prudence. For had she 

their taxes and 75 per cent, were defaulters. 
What was to be done under those cir- 
cumstances ? Evidently to let the matter rest 
there pending an arbitral decision, perhaps 
a year and a half hence, perhaps two 
years, would have been most unfair to 
those that had paid. It would have been 
discrimination in favour of the defaulters. 
On the other hand, to have returned the 
money already received would have amount- 

postponed enforcement in consideration of 
the prospect of arbitration, she would find 
herself in a very embarrassed situation 
to-day. She would be compelled to wait pas- 
sively until the dissenting Representatives 
were graciously pleased to formulate a com- 
mon basis, the arrears of house tax accumu- 
lating all the while ; or she would have 
to say, " Excellencies, formulate any basis 

ed to something like an admission that it ^ seemg ?Qod m yQm gyes j ^ accept 
had been wrongly received, thus prejudicing ^ tQ get out of ^ dcadlock> since othenvise 
Japan's case ; and the alternative course of j gtand condcmncd to thc certaillty of never 
allowing interest on it in the interval was ■■ collecting any house tax at all ... 
plainly not entertainable. Thc obviously 1 We stated abovg ^ ^ pi - ob]em of 
proper plan was to collect the money due. p rotest b y the individual tax-payer has 
Then, when all tax-payers had been placed undergone a chaage ; Such a protest seetn . 
on an equal footing, the situation could have ed tQ be ffiere ^ ^ mMer ]md 

been subsequently dealt with at convenience. ^ ^ of ^ q{ thc individual 

But the course of events has belied ex- 
pectation. More than three months have 
elapsed since the principle of arbitration was 
accepted, in London at all events. Yet a 
basis of arbitration has not yet been found. 

to the Sublime Porte, and he and Sir Henry Klliot 
acted as joint Minister Plenipotentiaries of Great 
Britain at the Conference of Constantinople. J I is 
lordship left England Nov. 20, 1876, and, en 
route, visited Paris, Berlin, Vienna, and Rome. 
The progress towards agreement made at the 
preliminary meetings held at the Russian Em- 
bassy in Constantinople were so satisfactory that 
the formal Conference, at which the joint proposals 
of the Powers were pressed upon the Porte, was 
opened on December 23. At the same time the 
new Constitution of the Ottoman Empire was 
formally promulgated by its author, Midhat Pasha. 
The Marquis of Salisbury really took the place 
of leader at the Conference, which held altogether 
seven plenary meetings. On Sunday. Jan. 14, 
1877, he had an audience of the Sultan, at which 
Sir Arnold Kemball acted as interpreter, and pres- 
sed upon his Majesty the two points on which the 
two Powers intended to insist, informing him that 
if they were not accepted the Ambassadors would 
immediately leave Constantinople. These two 
proposal were, that there should be a mixed 
Turkish and International Commission of Super- 
vision, and that the first appointment of the Go- 
vernors should be ratified by the Powers. On 
fan. iS a special meeting of the Ottoman Grand 
Council was held, and about 140 Mussulmans 
and about sixty leading Christians were present. 
The proceedings lasted two hours, and were 
opened by Midhat Pasha. With one dissentient 
voice the Council were unanimous in insisting on 
the rejection of the proposals of the Powers. The 

the Japanese Government ; in other words, 

after arbitration had been agreed to. But 

arbitration has now ascended into the 

clouds of bewildered or nervous diplomacy. 
The Japanese Government proposed arbitra- KvcrvthinQ . fe U|)ccrtai|1 and thc iiulividual 

tion with regard to one simple issue, nu)St , ook out for himsdf 

house tax. It is understood that according j 

to their view the question to be submitted to 

the arbitral tribunal was whether, under the 

and placed in those of his Representative and Conference held its last sitting on January 20, 

and immediately afterwards Lord Salisbury left 
for England. On April 2, 1878, be was appoint- 
ed Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, in the 
room of the Earl of Derby, resigned, and he at once 
wrote a memorable despatch, in which he clearly 
enunciated the policy of the Government with 
regard to the Eastern Question. He and the 


In Men and Women of the Time will be found 

Earl of Beaconsfield soon afterwards were the 
representatives of Creat Britain at the Congress 
of Berlin, and on their return to London they 
met with the most enthusiastic reception at Char- 
ing Cross, July 16, 187S. The Queen invested 
the Marquis of Salisbury with the Order of the 

provisions of the revised treaties, foreign land- 
lessees in thc former settlement areas were 
exempted from the obligation of paying taxes 
on the buildings that stand on their lands. 
Nothing could be less complicated, nothing j 
more unequivocal. But while one of the Arrtiur 

three European Powers concerned in the | Koi . ei J„ Affairs> is t!l , eldest surviving son of the ! 0 , 1881, after the death of Lord Beaconsfield, the 
arbitration is said to have drafted a basis on 1 2 nd Marquis of Salisbury, by his fust wife, the! Marquis of Salisbury was elected to lead the 
these simple lines, thc other two, if rumour j daughter, and heir of Bamber Gascdigne, Esq., i party in the House of Lords. Since then his 

be correct, are seeking to adulterate their bom .frS^Vn 30 / 7* educated at Eton ( career has been identified with that of the Con- 
0 • and at Christ Church, Oxford, where he graduated servative party. He opposed, but finally accept- 

bases with phraseology of a tortuous nature, 1 and was elected a Fellow of All Souls' College 'ed the Irish Land Act of 1881 ; he vigorously 
or to extend them to issues entirely alien to j (1853). In 1853 he was elected M.P. for ' criticised Mr. Gladstone's Egyptian policy; he 
the subject and even difficult cither to | Stamford, and he' represented that borough in [carried 

the following brief resume of the varied career of Garter, July 30. On August 3 he and the Earl 
the Marquis of Salisbury, who at the age of 73 : of Beaconsfield received the freedom of the City 
has just resigned the heavy burden oM,e Premier- uf L, ondorij and vvere afterwards entertained at a 
ships of the English Cabinet :— j g ' rand banquet at the Mansion House. ' Pie went 

Salisbury, Marquis of, The Most Hon Robert ; out of office with his party after the defeat they 
Talbot, P.C., K G., j sustained at the general election of April* 1880. 
Minister and Secretary of State for ! At a meeting of Conservative Peers held on May 

the Conservative interest until his succession to 

an -remediate prospect of renewed distraints, known as Lord Robert Cecil, until the decease stribution Bill of 18S5. On June 9 of that year 
... .... r 'of his elder brother on June 14, 186^, when Mr. Gladstone was bea 

ic wii-. K** tl-io inTvnTir.fl C\\ TIP V- T ' 

formulate or to comprehend. Thc result 

is a complete deadlock. Thc result is, also, | t 2 , 18*8. While in the Lower House he was 
an immediate prospect 

It was, we believe, the intention of thc , 

' ' I he assumed the courtesy title of Viscount Cran- 

Japanesc Government to refrain from any borne. His lordship took an active part in all 
further collection of house tax pending public measures which affected the interests of the 
arbitration. All the units of the foreign Established, Church, and in the chief political 

questions of the day, and he was a freqner 

the rejection of the County Franchise 
Bill in 1884; he represented the Conservatives 

the marquisate on the death of his father, April at the memorable conference between the oppos- 
ing leaders, which led to the framing of the Redi ■ 

.Uen on a Budget vote, and 
resigned, and Lord Salisbury took office as 
Premier. The principal events of his short tenure 
of power were the annexation of Burma, and 
the re-opening of the Eastern Question b\ the 
revolution in Eastern Roumelia and the Servo- 

rommunities being now equally situated jfabatoi to the Quarterly Review and . to other Bulgarian war ; England supporting Prince Alex 
vis-a-vis thc municipal exchequer, general periodicals, Jn bord Derby's third administra- ander by her " friendly " neutrality. Alter the 

58 W»ttS¥H/!WB»3«»tt'l&tSii] THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 

[July 19, 1902. 

general election of November, 1885, Lord Salis- 
bury was turne.1 out on the address at the end 
of January. He vigorously opposed Mr. Glad- 
stone's Home Rule policy, and after the second 
general election in 1886 he became once more 
Prime Minister. When the late 1 X>Td R. Chur- 
chill's resignation led to the reconstruction of the 
Cabinet, Lord Salisbury took the Foreign Office, 
in the place of Lord Iddlesleigh, resigned. In 
May, 1888, Lord Salisbury introduced a Bill into 
the House of Lords for the reform of that assem- 
bly, and the creation of life peers. The city of 
Glasgow presented him with its freedom on May 
20, 1 89 1, and in July the German Emperor and 
the Prince of Naples visited him, and were enter- 
tained at Hatfield. The general election of 
1892 caused Lord Salisbury to go out of office, 
though his government did not actually resign 
till they had suffered defeat in the Commons. 
In February, 1893, Lord Salisbury opened the 
overhead electrical railway at liverpool, and in 
the course of a speech delivered on the occasion, 
dwelt on the marvellous future of electricity. He 
is himself an electrician, and has applied it to 
practical purposes at Hatfield House and on his 
estates. He is also much interested in chemistry 
and the whole range of experimental physics, and 
spends much of his time in his private laboratory. 
On March 2, 1893, he presided at Oxford, as 
Chancellor of the University, over a meeting in 
aid of the building fund of the Radcliffe Infirmary. 

and Governor of Crete. The proposal met with 
universal approbation, and was ultimately accept- 
ed by the Sultan. Affairs in the Far Fast reached 
an acute stage during 1897-98. Li Hung-chang, 
the most influential personage in China, had been 
sent in 1896 to Europe as an Envoy Extraordi- 
nary, and after visiting the various capitals, came 
to London and received a hearty welcome. 
During his visit to this country, he went to Hat- 
field as the guest of Lord Salisbury, and endea- 
voured, in vain, to get his lordship to assent to 
an increase of the import duties levied upon 
British goods entering China. The refusal to 
accede to the wishes of Li Hung-chang was pro- 
bably the cause of his hostility to England 
throughout the Chinese crisis, which was- pre- 
cipated by the act of Germany in November 
1897, when a force of German marines landed at 
Kiaochau in order to exact reparation of the 
murder of two missionaries. They made their 
position secure, and shortly afterwards demanded, 
and obtained, the port and the territory around it 
on a lease of 99 years. Russia almost immedia- 
tely after occupied Tort Arthur and Talienwan in 
a similar manner, and Lord Salisbury had to face 
a considerable alteration in the balance of power 
in the Far Fast. As a set-off against the Russian 
aggression, Great Britain put forward a demand, 
which was granted, for the cession of the islands 
and waters of Wei-hai-wei for the same number of 
years and on the same terms as Port Arthur had 

and spoke on that occasion on the nec essity of i been ceded to Russia. Throughout the Chinese 
giving increased attention to the study of medi- crisis Lord Salisbury was subjected to a good deal 
cine. In April, illness prevented him from visiting | of criticism from both side of the House, and also 
Belfast to attend great Union st demonstrations, in the press, for not pursuing a more active policy, 
but he received a number of Ulster delegates at But the lack of vigorous action was more apparent 
Hatfield, and himself travelled in Ulster in May. j than real, as among the various concessions 
In August 1894 he presided over the meeting of i secured by his lordship were the opening of all 
the British Association at Oxford, and delivered a inland waters to navigation to the vessels of all 

notable inaugural address, in which he dwelt on 
the necessary limitations to scientific speculation. 
In October 1895 the Liberal Government was de- 
feated on the ammunition question in Committee 
on Army Estimates, and Lord Rosebery im- 
mediately resigned. Lord Salisbury was sent for, 
and duly formed an administration. His Cabinet, 
as ultimately constituted, consisted of nineteen 
members, of whom four were Liberal Unionists. 

nations : the opening of various treaty ports; the 
assurance that no portion of the province adjoin- 
ing the Vangtse-Kiang Valley should be alienated 
to any other power. The Chinese Government 
also undertook that so long as British trade con- 
tinued to exceed that of any other nation the 
Inspector-General of Maritime Customs should be 
a British subject. A convention was also signed 
by which the mainland opposite Hongkong,- and 

'ries in the Soudan, and the capture of Khartoum 
by Lord Kitchener in 1898 brought into pro- 

The general election resulted in giving the the island of Lan-tao and Mirs Bay, were secured 
Unionist Coalition a majority of 150, the strongest to Great Britain, the area thus acquired covering 
Government of modern times. During 1896 | about 200 square miles. The consecutive victo- 
Lord Salisbury was much occupied by the con- 
duct of our relations with America in regard to 

the Venezuelan Boundary dispute, and his conci- 1 minence our relations with France and her 

interests in Egypt, . and w hen a French force 
j was discovered posted at Fashoda a serious 
J situation was created. In September Lord Salis- 
j bury pointed out to the French Foreign Office 
that all the territories which had been subject to 

liatory attitude has since been much appreciated 
at Washington. Indeed, the present cordial 
understanding between the two branches of the 
Anglo-Saxon race is, in great measure, due to 
Lord Salisbury's endeavours. The Armenian 
atrocities added very much to the burden of j the Khalifa had passed by right of conquest to 
office. The action of Mr. Gladstone and others, | the British and Egyptian Governments, and that 
who on every occasion vehemently denounced the j H.M. Government did not consider this right 
Sultan, severely handicapped the Government in : open to discussion. Lord Salisbury also insisted 
their efforts to obtain a peaceful solution of the ' upon the withdrawal of the French force as a 
problem. Isolated action on the part of England J condition precedent to negotiation on the matter, 
was strongly advocated, especially by a section of His lordship had the unanimous support of the 

the press, but Lord Salisbury resolutely pursued a 
policy which enabled him to act in ooncert with 
the European Powers, since he held that a 
European war would follow the isolated interven- 
tion of Great Britain. 1 Hiring the Cretan crisis 
a similar attitude was followed, and Lord Salis- 
bury's policy was very severeiy criticised. But 
the chaotic state of the island itself, and the con- 
flicting interests of the Great Powers, rendered 
forcible action of any single Power very difficult. 
Upon the outbreak of a conflict at Candia, in 
which British soldiers were killed and Christian 
inhabitants massacred, Admiral Noel, in com- 
mand of the British squadron, bombarded the 
town, and afterwards sent an ultimatum to the 
Turkish Governor demanding the ringleaders. 
His request was speedily complied with, and 
several of them were executed. Later, a collec- 
tive note signed by Great Britain, France, Russia, 
and Italy, demanding the withdrawal of the 
Turkish troops from the island, was presented to 
the Sultan, who surrendered unconditionally. 
The evacuation was completed in November, 
when Lord Salisbury urged upon the Russian 
Minister at Constantinople to formally propose 

country on the question of the evacuation 
of Fashoda by the French, and ultimately 
a satisfactory solution of the difficulty was 
arrived at by which the French Government 
relinquished all claims to the Nile Valley in con- 
sideration of concessions made to them in the 
Niger Hinterland. During 1898 Lord Salisbury 
was obliged for some weeks to give up his duties 
and go abroad on account of his health, which 
for some time had given his friends much anxiety. 
The duties of the Foreign Office devolved upon 
Mr. A. J. Balfour during his absence. The 
Marquis of Salisbury is a member of the Council 
of King's College, London ; Lord Warden of the 
Cinque Ports, and Constable of Dover Castle ; 
High Steward of Great Yarmouth ; Elder Brother 
of Trinity House, and Hon. Colonel of the 4th 
Bait, of the Bedfordshire Regiment and of the 
Herts Militia. For many years he was Chairman 
of the Middlesex Sessions. Lord Salisbury's 
tenure of office during the Jubilee year of the 
Queen's reign will be memorable in his lordship's 
family for the honour which her Majesty paid 
him by going in person to visit him at Hatfield. 
In 1857 he married Georgiana Caroline, daughter 

chequer, and niece of the celebrated Mrs. Opie. 
His eldest son is Viscount Cranborne (born 
1861), M.P. for the Darwen Division of Lanca- 
shire from 1885 to 1892, and in 1893 returned 
for Rochester. 


Under the above title a very pleasant breaking- 
hp entertainment was given at No. 31, Bluff, on 
Saturday afternoon by the pupils of Miss Gertrude 
Vincent. The recitations were given in char- 
acter and the manner in which the children 
delivered their lines and entered into the 
spirit of their respective parts spoke volumes 
for the skill and assiduity, as well as the 
unwearying patience possessed by their gifted in- 
structress. At the close of the performance — 
which seemed all tooshort to the delighted auditors, 
the prizes won for class-work and the recitation 
prizes — which were awarded as the result of a 
plebiscite among the spectators — were distributed 
by Mr. C. Griffin, after a witty speech of introduc- 
tion. Lovely baskets of flowers from the children 
were then presented to Miss Vincent and her 
assistant, Miss Kenderdine, and a pretty spray to 
Mrs. W. Karl Vincent, who had assisted in stag- 
ing the various scenes. The company on 
adjourning for refreshments, took occasion of the 
opportunity to inspect the clever drawings — 
free-hand, landscape, still-life and model — of some 
of the senior class, their high level cf excellence 
being a surprise to many. We append the 

Part I. 

Recitation " Meddlesome Malty " Gilbert. 

Misses box, -A. Cain, Tipple, Johnson and K. Tipple. 
Masters Ilhindell and Graham, 

Recitation..." The Quality of 'Mercy".. Shakespeare. 

Miss Mabel Austen. 
Song "The Last Dream" Cowen, 

Miss Edith Hunting. 

Scenic..." The Taming of the Shrew n ..iShakespeafe. 
(Portion of Act II. Sc. I.) 

Petmccio Miss Reali Kenderdine. 

Katrina Miss Dorothy Austen. 

SONG " Dolly's Revenue" Anon. 

Miss Muriel Cain. 


Piano Soli..." King Henry VIII. Dances".,. German. 
Part II. 
" Julius C/esar." 
(Portion of Act IV. Sc. III.) 
Dialogue..." Quarrel of Brutus and Cassius " 


Brutus Miss Georgie Kenderdine. 

Cassius Miss Edith Cain. 

SCENE " Julius Caesar " Shakespeare. 

(I'ortion of Act II. Sc. I.) 

Brutus Miss Reah Kenderdine. 

Portia (Wife to Brutus)... Miss Muriel Cain. 
Caius Ligaruts (a Con- 
spirator) Miss Mabel Austen. 

Lucius (a Page) Miss Gladys Scott. 

Song "Uncle John" /. WeatJierly. 

Miss Gepi'gie Kenderdine. 

Scene " Julius Qesar " Shakespeare. 

(Portion of Act II. Sc. I.) 

Portia (Wife to Brutus) Miss Muriel Cain. 

Arlcmidorus (Partisan of 

Caesar) Miss Edith Cain. 

Lucius (a Page) Miss Gladys Scott. 

Scene "A Midsummer Night's Dream " 


(Portion of Act II. Sc. I.) 

Fairy Miss Vera Graham. 

Puck Master George Box. 


Prince George of Greece as High Commissioner of Sir Edwaid Hall Aklerson, Baron of the Ex- 

The first of the subscription concerts arranged 
for by the proprietress of the Machado Hotel 
took place on Saturday evening and proved 
successful in all respects. This hotel, situated on 
what is known as the New Road to Negishi and 
the Race Course, enjoys one of the finest sites 
that could have been secured in the district, 
being close to and overlooking the highway, 
which a few yards from this point makes a sudden 
turn almost on to the sea shore. By the erection 
of a bandstand on the hill-slope opposite, the 
music was heard to line effect in the hotel and on 

July 19, 1902.] 

THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 9!f&lI-3L¥H^ttQIRHaiBffi%ffl»iJ 59 

the ample lawn, and it is not too much to say 
that everyone of the large assembly present* 
thoroughly enjoyed the evening. The hotel and 
grounds were beautifully lit up with acetylene 
lamps. Following was the programme, which the 
band of the German cruiser Fuerst Bistftark 


The fateful name "Ahana," (" The Dawn " of 
the Vedic myths) which is the title of a novel by 
Mr. K. M. Edge, about to be published in Unwin's 
Colonial Library, is given by air old priest to a 

(present by permission of Admiral Giesler) played child saved from the wreck and carnage of the 

during the evening :- 


f. " Hohenzollern Ruhm ! " v. Unrath. 

2. Ouverture z : " Leichte Cavalerie " v. Snppe. 

3. Goldblondchen " Characters! lick " v. Eibenberg. 

4. Sarastro Aiie : " Zauberflote " v. Mozart. 

5. " Rosen aus dem Siiden" Walzer v. Strauss. 

6. " Musikalisches Wandelpanorania " 
Potpourri v. i-etras. 


7. " The Handycap " Marsch v. Rosey. 

8. Ouverture z : " Stradella " v. Flotow. 

9. Pilgerchor : " Tannhauser " v. Wagner. 

o. Jung Werner's Abschiedslied " Behiit 

dich Gott " v. Nessler. 

" Immer oder ninimer " Walzer ...v. Waldteufel. 
Potpourri : " Zigeuner Caron " v. Strauss. 

1 2. 


Indian Mutiny, and brought up among Eurasians. 
The story is dated some twenty years after the 
great rebellion and its scenes are laid chiefly in 
the half-ruined colony of Phuta Shanr, an offshoot 
of the old city of Atnanabad on the Owhara. 

Mr. Unwin is publishing in his Colonial 
Library a book by Mr. Alfred Kinnear, the 
well-known London journalist, entitled " Across 
Many Seas." It is a volume of reminiscences of 
travels in all parts of the world during the last 
forty years, and throws many interesting side- 
lights on the history of the British Empire 
during that period. Experiences in America, 
India, China, Africa (both West and South) are 
included, and the book closes with the return 
from their Imperial trip of the Duke and 
Duchess of York. 

situations; particularly in that portion which 
narrates Breachley's school-days in New South 
Wales. In brief, Mr. Becke has surpassed all his 
former work by this extraordinary but truthful 

The 39-raters, seven of them, started at one 
o'clock on Saturday afternoon for a race to j in 
Uraga, the cruisers starling a quarter of an hour 
later for the same point. The wind was light, south- 

A good story in connexion with Bret Harte is 
told by the People's Friend. He had not been 
Scotland three months before he met with a 
j gun accident, which happily did not prove as 
serious as was at first anticipated. In a letter 

Mr. T. Fisher Unwin is issuing in his Colonial 
Library a book called " The Epistles of Atkins." 
Its author, Mr. James Milne of the London Daily 
Chronicle, is already known for a Memoir of Sir 
George Grey, the famous pro-consul, and for a 
popular history of the Gordon Highlanders. The 
book is an effort to show on his own evidence, 
what the feelings, thoughts and experiences of the 
common soldier are in actual warfare, under 
modern conditions, The materials for tin's 
purpose are drawn from the many remarkable 
personal letters which British soldiers wrote home 
when the campaign was new, when its engage- 
ments were large affairs, and when the fighting 
man was impressionable. What Tommy Atkins 
has to tell us of the psychology of battle — for 
that is the note all through — is grouped, analysed 
and thrown into the form of a light, connected 
narrative. The volume will have illustrations 
from war sketches. 

easterly, and all the craft carried gafftopsails and written from Innellan, the quiet, unassuming little 
jibtopsails, Maid sporting her fine new suit of j 
sails and looking very handsome indeed. Mary j 
crossing the lee end of the line soon ran past the 
others and was first out of the harbour entrance, j 
Maid Marion 40 seconds astern, Spray next. 
After passing the Lightship Mary stood in, the 
others holding out into the bay, and when they 
disappeared she seemed to be far to windward of 
everything. In the result Maid Marion gave 
the times of the arrival of the leading boats 



Mary 5 . 1 7 . 00 ; Kingfisher 

at Uraga 

Following were the times of arrival at Uraga 
and corrected times : — ■ 

Finish. Corrected, 

h. m. s. h. m. s. 

Mary : 5.17.00 5.18.00 

Kingfisher 5.27.00 5.24.00 

Haidee 5-5 6 -45 5-5°-45 

Maid Marion did not finish. 

Aborigine 7-25- 1 5 6. 50. 1 5 

Spray 7-'5-°5 ^-45-°5 

Wanderer 7-27-35 6.37.35 

Mary thus wins the Lady Members' Cup and 
Kingfisher takes the John Gillon Cup. 

The cruising class started at 1 . 1 5 to race to 
Uraga for the " Asagao " Cup and other prizes. 
In this case the sport resulted as follow : — 

watering-place on the Clyde, to his friend Pem- 
berton, he says : " At present I am invisible, 
and have tried to keep the accident a secret. 
When the surgeon was stitching me together, the 
son of the house, a boy of twelve, came timidly 
to the door of my room. ' Tell Mr. Bret Harte 
it's all right, he said ; ' he killed the hare.' " 


SvanhM 7-°8-47 

Daimyo 6.42.45 

Mosquito 7-36-I 


Surprise 7-45- 10 7- 10. 10 

The first prize, that is the " Asagao " Cup, was 
won by Daimyo while Mosquito took the second, 
a Club prize. 

The 2 1 -raters also raced over a 7 -mile 
course, for the " Wettinge " Cup and other prizes 
with the following finishing times : — 

h. m. s. 

Pele 4-04-25 

Edna 4 °9-55 

Stella 4. 4 1. 10 

Vixen 4.17.20 

Nandcska 4-'4-30 

Sodeska 4.18.40 

Wettinge 4. 17. 10 

Bontio 4-25-05 

The first prize therefore goes to Pele, 
second to Edna, and the third to Nandcska. 

The 1 2 -raters also raced and Thelina won 
against Madaleine, only two boats competing. 

h. m. s. 

4. 10.01 

4. 1 1 .06 


The House of Assembly of Natal has decided 
to present the Imperial Navy with a first-class 
cruiser. It was originally arranged to announce 
the gift during the Coronation festivities, but the 
newspapers got wind of the secret and discussed it. 

A gentleman recently advertised for the first 
edition of •' The Ring and the Book," and the re- 
plies received give a general indication of the 
value set upon the four-volume edition by the 
trade and the public. The highest price asked 
was two guineas for the four vols., 121110, 1868 ; 
the lowest 10s. and 10s. 6d. Other prices were 
35s., 24s. 6d., 28s., 25s., 37s 6d., 29s., and 15s. 
These prices would have amused Browning very 
much. If there is too much uniformity in the 
published price of a book as issued by the pub- 
lisher, certainly the second-hand bookseller 
makes up for it. 

The death is announced of Mr. S. M. Living- 
stone, medical and University bookseller, of the 
firm of E. and S. Livingstone, South Bridge, 
Edinburgh. He held the office of his Majesty's 
Unicorn Pursuivant for Scotland. It fell to the 
brothers Livingstone to introduce some of R. L. 
Stevenson's early work into the world, as contri- 
butor to a University magazine. Stevenson says, 
when was decided to found a University Maga- 
zine, that "a pair of little, active brothers — 
Livingstone by name, great skippers on the foot, 
great rubbers of the hands, who kept a bookshop 
over against the University buildings — had been 
debauched to play the part of publishers." The 
yellow-covered periodical ran for four months, 
and "died without a gasp." One of the papers, 
" An Old Scotch Gardener " in " Memories and 
Portraits," is reprinted from the " College 

Mr. Louis Becke's new story, " Breachley, 
Black Sheep" is just being published in Unwin's 
Colonial Library. Its hero is a rough Colonial 
boy who, without inherent wickedness, is handi- 
capped from the outset by his environment. Flis 
susceptibility to female beauty proves his frequent 
undoing till the ennobling and elevating influence 
of one woman saves him at last : and the redemp- 
tion of his comrade Brandon and himself is told with 
much sincerity and simplicity of language. From 
the shores of Australia, away from the rough life 
of the Queensland cedar-getters in the northern 
rivers of that Colony, weare taken to California, and 
thence to the South Seas. The book gives a picture 
of social life in San Francisco, clear and vivid in 
its truthful colouring and culminating in a tra- 
gedy. Yet although the reader will be held by 
the staring grimness of many of the episodes in 
the book, there are some intensely humourous 

Another book Mr. T. Fisher Unwin is publish- 
ing in his Colonial Library is a life of Captain 
John Brown, of Harper's Ferry, the anti-slavery 
hero, whose name is familiar to most people from 
the lines : — 

John Brown's body lies a mould'ring in the 
grave, _* _ • 

But his soul is marching on. 

A stirring career was his, and a tragic death. • 
On the night of October 1 6th, 1859, he seized the 
arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia, at the head of 
a small band of followers, with a view to arming 
the negroes and inciting an insurrection. He was 
captured on October 18th, tried by the 
Commonwealth of Virginia and executed at 
Charlestown on December 2nd, 1859. Mr. John 
Newton, Brown's biographer, has been at pains 
to inform himself from every available source 
upon which it was possible to draw. The result 
is a most exhaustive work, in which the part 
Brown took in the Kansas border wars, all his 
preparations for the surprise at Harper's Ferry, 
and what occurred there, and his trial, are fully 

Human Nature, a Revelation of the Divine : a 
Sequel to " Studies in the Character of Christ," 
by Charles Henry Robinson, M.A., P^ditorial 
Secretary to the S.P.G., and Hon. Canon of Ripon, 
was published by Messrs. Longmans, Green & 
Co., on May 15. The volume is intended as a 
sequel to the Author's " Studies in the Character 
of Christ," the object of which was to show that 
the existence of this character, as portrayed in 
the Gospels, is the strongest evidence that can 
be adduced in support of the Christian Faith. 
The first part consists of further " Studies " 
in the character of Christ. In these the Author 
has tried to develop the former thesis, and, at the 
same time, to discuss some of the objections which 
this line of argument has called forth. The 
second part is an attempt to show that the argu- 
ment for the inspiration of the Old Testament 
rests upon internal, rather than upon external, 
evidence, and is of a similar kind to that pre- 
viously considered in reference to the New 
Testament ; that in both cases the unique char- 
acter of the revelation of God and of man, which 
they contain, is the one convincing proof of their 
divine origin. The third /WV contains Studies in 
Worship, and consists of addresses which have been 
given, on several occasions, at Quiet Days for 
Clergy. The object of the first two sections is to show 
that human nature is a revelation of the divine ; 
the object of the last is to dwell upon the natural 
outcome of this revelation. As the Author says : 
"All true worship involves a suggestion of the In- 
carnation, and is, whether consciously or not, a 
looking out and demand for it ; and conversely, 
the study of God, incarnate in human nature, 
should tend to make worship more intelligible 
and therefore more real. This fact, viz. that 
worship is only possible on the assumption that 
there is something in the worshipper akin to that 
which he worships, has been recognised alike by 
heathen and by Christian teachers." 


[July 19, 1902. 


There has just died at Ipswich a Miss Butler, 
who, according to the Fast Anglian Daily Times, 
was a lineal descendant of Oliver Cromwell, 
through the Protector's third son Henry. 

As a result of the Atlantic shipping " combine " 
and Messrs. Hatlandand Wolff's connexion there- 
with, the Works Committee of Belfast Harbour 
Board recommend the construction of a large new 
graving dock at Belfast. The cost is estimated 
at between ,£300,000 and .£400,000, ;V nd it is 
understood that half of this amount will be taken 
up in harbour bonds by representatives of the 
Morgan " combine." 

Mr. Chamberlain, in the I louse of Commons 
on June 2nd, in answer to Mr. James O'Kelly, 
.saicf — The Governor-General of Canada has, on 
the advice of his Ministers, disallowed certain 
Acts of the Legislature of British Columbia which 
imposed serious disabilities on Japanese and the 
subjects of other friendly Powers. His Majesty's 
Government have seen the decision of the 
Dominion Government with great satisfaction. 

The Figaro publishes an account of an inter- 
view with Count Matsukata. "The Japanese 
ex-Premier," says the Figaro, " declared he came 
to France more desirous than ever of seeing the 
bonds uniting the two countries drawn closer. 
The attachment of Japan to France was sincere. 
The Emperor had instructed him to inform M. 
Loubet in clear terms of his (the Emperor's) 
sentiments of friendship for France, and those 
sentiments were shared by the whole Japanese 

The largest floating dock ever built has just 
left Shields Harbour for Bermuda. The Newcastle 
Chronicle states that it is 545ft. long,and its lifting 
capacity, 15,500 tons, but by using the shallow 
pound this can be increased to 17,000 tons. The 
iron walls are of sufficient height to allow of a 
vessel drawing 32 ft. to be taken on the keel 
blocks. This new dock will take the place of 
the old floating dock which has been stationed at 
Bermuda for the past 30 years. 

The culminating incident of the Zulu war is 
recalled to mind by the death of Major-General 
R. Marter, late of the 1st (King's) Dragoon 
Guards, for he it was who captured Cetewayo, 
the Zulu king, in the Ngome forest, and brought 
him to Ulundi. At the time of his exploit he 
was commanding a squadron of the Dragoon 
Guards, a company of the Natal native contingent, 
and a few men of irregular mounted troops. 
Another distinguished officer has passed away in 
person of Colonel H. Worsley, formerly Com- 
mandant of the 7 th Bengal Native Infantry, who 
fought in the Indian Mutiny, and led his Indian 
regiment at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir during the 
expedition against Arabi Pasha in 1882. 

The design and style of the new mace of the 
London University is evolved from a wand or 
staff of office, and is made entirely of hand-beaten, 
wrought, and "repousse" silver gilt, with panels 
of translucent and " champ-leve " enamel. The 
head is surmounted by a Royal Crown, the orb 
of which is of lapis lazuli. Inside the Crown, 
fitting as a lid, incised in a line of mediaeval 
characters, are the Royal arms, with the letters, 
"E.R. VII." The head is formed by four 
crowned and winged figures kneeling and holding 
shields. Two of these portray respectively the 
Arms and the Badge of the University, and the 
other two set forth the dates of its Foundation 
(1836) and of its Re-organisation (1900). 

Another Mycenaean palace has been discovered 
by Professor Halbherr, of the Italian Archaeolo- 
gical Mission at Hagia Triada, in the neighbour- 
hood of Phsestos. Excavation revealed a portion 
of the basement, a gate, and walls decorated with 
frescoes, one of which presents a series of spirals 
interlaced with flowering plants. Among the 
objects already found are 300 Mycercan seals 
with charac ters of the pre-Hellenic Cretan alpha- 
bet, a tablet witli an inscription similar to those 
at Knossos, and a number of terra cotlu figurines 

of the most primitive type. The Times corres- 
pondent at Candia thinks the place was presumably 
the country residence of the kings of Physios. 

The Fritish Consular report on the trade of 
Leghorn for last year notes that the Japanese 
coral fisheries have yielded an abundant quantity 
of good quality, and the coral of Japan is now 
said to be fully able to compete with the corals 
of Sardinia and Cape Verde in both quality and 
price. Large quantities of it have arrived in 
Leghorn in the past year, and have caused a 
manufacture in excess of the demand and a con- 
sequent fall in prices, especially in the Calcutta 

A military career of considerable distinction 
has been brought to a close by the death at 
Johannesburg of Captain \Y. Greer. He com- 
menced as a private, and won his commission on 
the field in Afghanistan. He was with Lord 
Roberts on the famous march to Candahar, and 
could boast of having earned four clasps, the 
same number as the present Commander-in-Chief. 
He served subsequently in the campaign against 
Arabi Pasha, and, like Colonel Worsley, whose 
death we referred to above, also fought at 
Tel-el-Kebir. Captain Greer, who had nine 
decorations, and had earned four or five more in 
the present war, was at the time of his death on 
the staff of the 8th Battalion Mounted Infantry. 

A curious fact which a statistician points out 
is the tendency of Swiss guide-books to submit 
to political influences and vicissitudes. Thus, 
the "Baedeker" for 1844, in the chapter on 
Soleure, says: "At No. 5, Gurgelngasse, near 
the post-office, the noble Pole Kosciusko resided 
during the last years of his life. His remains are 
interred at the cemetery of Zuschwyl, a quarter 
of an hour from Soleure, on the right bank of the 
Aar. Weeping willows shade his tomb. The 
simple monument bears the inscription : ' Viscera 
Thaddaei Kosciusko.' " Twenty years later, the 
term " noble Pole " had given place to " banished 
Pole," and in 1895, the notice in "Baedeker" 
had been shortened to the announcement of the 
mere fact that Kosciusko died at a given address 
at Soleure in 1817. Sic transit gloria muncli. 

A detailed examination of the air, snow, and 
glaciers of Mont Blanc has recently been made by 
Monsieur J. Binot, and the results have been 
described before the Paris Academy of Sciences. 
Freshly fallen snow, Professor Gregory states in 
the Leisure Hour, frequently contains no bacteria 
whatever ; and even in snow which has lain for 
some time only a few are found. The water 
formed by the melting of glacier ice was found to 
be usually pure, but that of the river Arve at 
Chamonix contained more than 120,000 microbes 
per cubic inch. Altogether M. Binot examined 
121 samples of air, ice, snow, and water, and from 
them he obtained no fewer than 300 different 
varieties of microbes. The microbe associated 
with enteric fever was observed in the beautifully 
clear and crystalline spring water on the Mon- 
tanvert road, in such large numbers as nearly 
200 per cubic inch. The water appears to be 
polluted by the herds of cattle which graze on 
the mountain pastures. 

In some English counties, the servant girl 
question is assuming almost a tragic character in 
many households. Lancashire and Yorkshire are 
special sufferers, it appears, from the scarcity of 
female domestics ; between the censuses of 189 1 
and 1901, the number in employment diminished 
by over 22,000 in the two counties jointly, 
although the population considerably increased. 
What became of the vanished young women, 
then ? There was not any sensible increase of 
feminine emigration during the decade, nor do 
the local mills and factories appear to have 
absorbed a larger number. These are constant 
drains which vary very little, one year with 
another, and the same may be said of most 
other old industries in which women participate. 
The conditions of domestic service have greatly 
improved, loo ; the wage rate is much higher, 
and the general treatment, especially in "even- 
ings out," is far kindlier than used to be the case. 
No blame attaches, therefore, to the employers in 

the aggregate ; they value a good servant loo 
highly to part with her without really grave 
cause. It is possibly, chiefly the false pride 
engendered by superficial education that brings 
the honourable calling into disrepute among the 
class who used to furnish recruits. They imagine, 
rightly or wrongly, that it is considered "degrad- 
ing " by the sort of young men whom they would 
like to marry, and sooner than incur their con- 
tempt, they take up with work twice as hard and 
not half as well paid. 

The Gazette tie Mans states that the youth 
Sipido, after having suffered a term of imprison- 
ment of 26 months for shooting at the Prince of 
Wales at the Gare du Nord in Brussels, has been 
liberated. Sipido passed through Mons on his 
way to Paris. He stopped at a cafe near the 
railway station for refreshments, and related that 
he had earned i4of. in prison making birdcages. 
Sipido was accompanied by his father. 

Prince Henry of Prussia recently recovered an 
old relic of his family in a singular manner. On 
board a German warship, a cabin-boy, according 
to the Kolnischc Zeitung, showed him a watch 
belonging to Queen Louise, the Prince's great 
grandmother, together with a document attesting 
its authenticity. Fleeing from the French troops 
in 1806, the Queen had stayed with ancestors of 
the boy's family, and had given them the watch, 
which the boy respectfully presented to the 
Prince. Prince Henry accepted it, and besides 
making a money payment, has had the boy ad- 
mitted to the Hamburg School of Navigation. 

Although Lord Kitchener was born in Ireland 
(at Ballylongford, co. Kerry, in 1850) he is in 
every sense an Englishman, for his father was the 
late Lieut-Colonel H. Kitchener, of Cossington, 
Leicestershire, who married Miss Chevallier, of 
Aspall Hall, Suffolk. The Woolwich Academy 
had the honour of preparing the victorious gene- 
ral for his military career, on which he entered 
by joining the Royal Engineers in 187 1. From 
that time his has been one of almost ceaseless 
activity, and his name has been prominently before 
the public since he became Governor of Suakin 
after the Nile Expedition of 1884-85. 

" A severe reprimand " was Admiral Lord 
Charles Beresford's personal description of a letter 
which he received from the First Lord of the 
Admiralty. The communication reached the 
noble lord towards the end of May, but not, as is 
generally supposed in parliamentary circles, in 
connection with recent declarations upon the 
state of the Navy. It refers exclusively to views 
expressed while he was on full pay. His lordship 
has sent the following message to the Daily 
Mail : — " It is quite true that I have received 
my reprimand for things said while on full pay. 
It is quite right that I should have received such 
a reprimand, and if I had been at the Admiralty 
myself I would have reprimanded any officer who 
had done likewise." 

The young Highland officer, whose death in 
South Africa is so sadly announced just at the 
hour of England's rejoicing over peace, says all 
exchange, was the eldest son of Sir Thomas 
Sutherland, K.C.M.G., chairman of the Peninsular 
and Oriental Company. It was only in March 
last that young Eric sailed for South Africa with 
a draft for the regiment he had just joined — the 
Seaforth Highlanders. He was a handsome boy, 
full of promise, who had only left Eton quite 
recently, and passed straight from Sandhurst to 
the seat of war. The sympathies of all our readers 
will be extended to Sir Thomas and Lady 
Sutherland in their great loss, and the more so 
that it has occurred just at such a moment of 
national rejoicing. The circumstances under 
which the late Lieutenant Sutherland met his death 
are not yet reported. The official intimation 
merely says, " Killed near Frcdericstad, May 29." 

In the House of Cdmmons on May 28th Mr. 
Weir asked the Under-Secretary of State for For- 
eign Affairs : — Seeing that the sum of ,£600 is 
placed on the Diplomatic and Consular Service 
Estimates for the salary of a Vice-Consul (Hyogo 
and Osaka), Japan, will he say at what place the 


July 19, 1902] 

Vice- Consul performs the duties of his offic e ; and 
will he state the whole amount expended for con- 
sular services at Kobe (Hyogo), including salary 
of consul, staff and all other expenses. — Viscount 
Cranborne : As to the first part of the question, ; 
the Consular Office is at Kobe (Hyogo), at which 
port the Vice-Consul is appointed to reside, but ; 
the Consular district includes the city of Osaka I 
(the trade of which is only about 3 per cent, of 
that of Kobe), and the Vice-Consul performs 
duties there when necessary. The whole amount 
expended for Consular services at Kobe (Hyogo) 
is ^2,181 per annum, exclusive of travelling ex- 
penses and outfits which depend upon the exigen- 
cies of the public service. 

In reply to Mr. John Hutton, who asked the 
Secretary to the Admiralty whether his attention 
had been directed to the efficiency of.the shoot- 
ing of the Barfleur and Terrible, obtained under 
the system of instruction "invented by Captain 
Percy Scott, C.B., of the Terrible, and whether 
the Admiralty would issue Captain Scott's models 
and apparatus to other ships in the Navy, so as to 
have the system thoroughly tried and reported 
upon, Mr. Arnold Forster stated in the House of 
Commons on June 5th that the Admiralty is fully 
acquainted with the excellent results of the firing 
on the Barfleur and Terrible, and with the still 
better results recently obtained on board the 
Crescent on the North American Station. The 
Admiralty have recognised the desirability of ex- 
tending the use of Captain Scott's system, and 
have taken the necessary steps to supply the ap- 
paratus to such an extent as may be necessary. 

The Earl of Selborne made a long and inte- 
resting statement in the House of Lords on June 
6th on the subject of water-tube boilers and the 
comparative merits of various types of boilers. 
He defended the course taken by the Admiralty, 
first in adopting the Belleville boiler, and next in 
adopting a combination of cylindrical and water- 
tube boilers. In the course of his speech he 
referred to the China Station in the following 
terms : — There are 12 ships on the China Station 
with water-tube boilers, four of them battleships 
and the others large and small cruisers. I have 
been reading only to-day a private letter from 
the Inspector of Machinery at Hongkong, 
and he speaks in the highest terms of the 
machinery of all of them with the exception of 
the Glory winch, though it has given a good deal 
of trouble, is now absolutely efficient. But that 
again was a case of mismanagement on the part 
of the personnel. Therefore, as a humble layman, 
and not making any pretence to expert know- 
ledge, I do say that my judgment goes with the 
judgment of the Poiler Committee — that so far as 
we can see at present the water-tube principle 
has come to stay, and that, although the Belleville 
may probably not be the type which will suit our 
needs the best, yet we shall work up to a 
thoroughly satisfactory standard of cylindrical 

The steamer Telemachus recently proceeded 
down Belfast Lough for her trial trip and adjust- 
ment of compasses. She is the latest addition to 
the fleet of China liners owned by Mr. Alfred 
Holt, of Liverpool, has been built and engined 
by Messrs. Workman, Clark and Co., (Limited;, 
and is the twelfth vessel constructed by them for 
the same owner. She is 452 ft. long, 54 ft. broad, 
and 35 ft. 3 in. in depth, and has a grosi tonnage 
of 7,450 tons. She has been specially designed 
and constructed as a first-class general cargo 
steamer for the China trade, and fulfils the require- 
ments for a Board of Trade passenger certificate. 
The double bottom is of cellular construction for 
carrying water ballast, two large deep tanks 
being also arranged at the forward and after 
ends of the engine and boiler space, suitable for 
either water ballast or cargo. There are four 
large holds for the cargo, practically clear of 
obstruction, and obtained by box girder con- 
struction, by which the stanchions are dis- 
jxmsed with. The six large hatches are equip- 
ped with 17 powerful steam winches, and 25 
strong derricks. A special feature of the 
vessel is the sternpost and rudder. The foot 
of the stern frame is cut away, and the upper 

part formed of a steel plate of U section. The 1 more time to literary work. He will remain 
sternpost is formed of a wrought-steel tube, from j in the university as professor of Biblical instruc- 
which the rudder is hung. After a successful trial tion, ethics, and philosophy of religion. Wood row 
the vessel left Belfast for Glasgow and Liverpool, j Wilson, the new president, was born at Staunton, 
whence she lias left on her maiden voyage to the 1 Virginia, in December, 1856. He began his 
Straits, China, and Japan. Another new steamer, academic studies at Davidson college. In 1875 
named Jason, a repeat of the above vessel, also 1 he went to Princeton and was graduated with 

built by Messrs. Workman, Clark and Co., was 
launched on May 24th from the Belfast shipyard, 
aud makes the thirteenth constructed for the same 
owner in these works. 


A remarkably interesting autograph manuscript 
of John G. Whittier was sold at auction in New 
York lately. It consists of twenty-two verses of 
four lines each of his beautiful poem " The Eternal 
Goodness." Another interesting item in the same 
sale was a fine four-page letter of Oliver Wendell 
Holmes, dated December 29, 1855, relating to 
his address to the New England society and dis- 
cussing his views of slavery. Still another item 
of great interest was a letter of three pages written 
by Washington Irving to Daniel Webster in re- 
gard to the former's recent appointment as 
minister to Spain. 

It is understood that Lord Strathcona believes 
that in ten, or at most fifteen, years Canada will 
be capable of producing all the breadstuff's requir- 
ed by England. In Manitoba and northwestern 
Canada - where thirty years ago they were im- 
porting the flour they themselves used — there was 
grown last year 12,000,000 quarters of wheat. 
There is yet room for many millions of people to 
grow both grain and live stock, so that granted 
the necessary emigration and settlement facilities 
Canada could, as just noted, supply the people of 
Great Britain with all the necessaries and many 
of the luxuries of life. 

The eighty-sixth annual report of the American 
Bible Society, which has just appeared, is cheerily 
optimistic. The income of the society shows 
from each distinctive source of revenue — indivi- 
duals, churches, auxiliaries, and bequests — a 
substantial gain for the past year over the year 
previous. The total receipts for the year 1901-02 
was $433,173, The aggregate of the year's issues 
was 1,723,000 volumes, of which a little more 
than one-third were distributed in the United 
States. The remainder went to foreign mission 
countries. One recent advance movement of the 
society has been the establishment of a special 
agency at Atlanta, Georgia, for the purpose of 
circulating the Bible among the coloured people of 
the south. Rev. J. 1'. Wragg has been appointed 
superintendent and he is rapidly organizing an 
extensive force of colporteurs. — Interior. 

Rev. George H. Hepworth, who died in New 
York, June 7th, had a remarkable and diversified 
career. He built up a Unitarian church in 
Boston with a large congregation, which dis- 
banded a few years ago, after his successor, Dr. 
M. J. Savage, left it. Dr. Hepworth went to 
New York in 1870 and was pastor of the Uni- 
tarian Church of the Messiah, from which lie 
withdrew after two years, declaring his belief in 
the divinity of Christ, and organizing the Church 
of the Disciples, which continued in the Con- 
gregational denomination for several years. He 
was for nearly twenty years connected with ■ cx pressly 
the New York Herald, writing brief editorial 1 handed over to Oscar, and 

sermons for its Sunday edition. He made an 
investigation of the Armenian massacres in Tur- 
key a few years ago, bringing home valuable 
information. As a preacher and author he] 
exercised a large influence for good. He was 
sixty-nine years of age. 

Princeton University has elected a new president 

ligh honours from the institution. From Prince- 
ton, President Wilson went to the University of 
Virginia, where he studied law for several years. 
Afterward he practiced law in Atlanta, Georgia. 
Leaving his Atlanta law office he went to Johns 
Hopkins to devote his whole time to his chosen 
studies. While at Johns Hopkins he wrote his 
work on " Congressional Government," which was 
published in 1885. The work has passed through 
many editions. In 1886 he received his Ph.D. 
from Johns Hopkins and was professor at Bryn 
Mawr from 1885 to 1888. In 1887 Wake Forest 
college, North Carolina, made him anLL.D., and 
in 1888 he was elected to the chair of history 
and political economy at Wesleyan university. 
In February, 1890, he was made professor of 
jurisprudence and political economy at Princeton. 
Just before leaving Wesleyan Professor Wilson 
published his study of contemporary government 
called " The State." 

Though statistics as to the commercial affairs 
of Alaska are fragmentary in character, the Bureau 
of Statistics of the Treasury Department declares 
that in general terms it may be said that Alaska, 
for which the United States paid Russia $7,200,000 
in 1867, has supplied furs, fish and gold amount- 
ing to about $150,000,000 in value, about equally 
divided between these three items: that the 
investments of capital from the United States in 
Alaska are probably $25,000,000, with a large 
additional sum invested in transportation to that 
territory, and that the annual shipments of 
merchandise from the United States to Alaska 
now aggregate more than $12,000,000, and 
have aggregated since the purchase nearly or 
quite $100,000,000. Meantime, the population 
has grown from an estimated 30,000 at the 
date of purchase to 32,052 in 1890, 63,592 in 
1900 and an estimated 75,000 at the present 
time. '1 lie number of fur-seals taken on the 
Pribilof islands from 1870 to 1901 is 2,187,317 
(estimated value $35,000,000), and the value of 
the seal and other furs taken since the purchase 
of Alaska by the United States is estimated at 
about $50,000,000. The fur-seal industry, which 
has declined in the last few years, was succeeded 
by the fishing industry, Alaska now supplying 
about one-half of the salmon of the country. The 
value of the salmon pack in Alaska last year is 
estimated at about $7,000,0-0, while the value of 
gold and silver mined since the purchase is also 
about $50,000,000. 

One of the most curious schools in the world is 
conducted at the Waldorf Astoria Hotel, in New 
York. The scholars are the waiters of that esta- 
blishment, and Oscar, the chief, is the school- 
master. Twice a week school meets, and every 
waiter is expected to attend punctually. Few of 
the dineis at the big hotel know that in each 
room there are three men whose sole office is to 
watch the waiters and see that they do their duty 
by the guests. When they discover a waiter dis- 
obeying the smallest rule of propriety they make 
a record of the infraction in a little book kept 
for this purpose. This book is then 
at the next school 
up and shown the 

session the culprit is called 
error of his ways, and the whole class gets the 
benefit of a little lesson on the subject. 

Bishop Thoburn, testifying before the Philippines 
Committee of the U.S. Senate said — " England 
has advanced civilization in the far East. Hong- 
ing and other places were made great points of 
in record time. At a meeting of the board of commerce as well as of civilization. Hongkong 
trustees, June 9, Dr. Francis L. Patton, who has is better governed than Chicago and human life 
been president since 1888, presented h s re- is safer there than in Chicago. The greater pro- 
signation without warning, and within an hour lection to personal rights in Hongkong than in 
Professor Woodrow Wilson, of the chair of juris- Chicago is due to the fact that the Government 
prudence and political economy, was chosen to has a stronger arm in Hongkong than in Chicago, 
succeed him as recommended by the retiring As a matter of fact, we all know that in Chicago 
president. The reason given by Dr. Patton a man is not safe in walking the streets at night, 
for his resignation was his desire to devote while he is in Hongkong." 

[July 19, 1092. 


In our May summary we gave the substance of 
pari of an address delivered by Baron Kaneko to 
the Bfjutsu Kyokai entitled " My Views on bine 
Art," which was extracted from No. 158 of the 
Report of the Transactions of the Society. In 
the following number^the last part of the address is 
published, from which wecull the following observa- 
tions : — Fine Art in Europe since the days when 
its zenith was reached has gradually declined. 
To a large extent science has killed it. Photo- 
graphy has superseded drawing and painting us 
far as the representation of existing forms and 
appearances goes. It is true that the ideal world 
still furnishes abundant material to the artist, but 
no such masterpieces as were produced in ancient 
and mediaeval times are forthcoming now. It was 
felt for some time in Europe that in order to revive 
interest in art some new ideas were needed. 
European artists who visited this country some 
fourteen or fifteen years ago seemed to see in the 
works of such artists as Korin, Kano and Okyo 
the very stimulus that was sought in the West, 
and so there at once arose in Europe and America 
a school of artists which made Japanese art its 
model. But as for our artists, instead of keeping 
to that in which their ancestors had excelled, they 
began to imitate the European mechanical repro- 
duction of actual objects, that is, they undertook 
to compete with photographers and of course 
usually failed. So that in this as in other things 
we have found ourselves putting on the clothes 
which Europe has cast off. While the West was 
sighing for a revival of the ideal in art, we were 
content with the mechanical and the formal. It 
seems to me that the styles known as the Tosa, 
Kano, Maruyama, Shijo and Unkoku should 
each be studied with undivided attention and 
should each serve as models for imitation. I do 
not mean it to be inferred that I think there are no 
defec's in these styles, but what I maintain is that 
each of them possesses qualities not found in the 
same degree of perfection elsewhere and which 
from the point of view of the lover of fine art 
it is most desirable to preserve. In the study of 
the works of the ancient artists, and in endeavour- 
ing to imitate them, care must he taken not to 
mix up the design and the form of the picture. 
There are not a few pictures whose design is very 
superior, but whose form is grotesque and ridicu- 
lous. I am very fond of what are known as the 
Taiga-do pictures, but they are extravagant be- 
yond description. Where in the whole world are 
such tigers and such men to be found as one sees 
represented in these sketches ? But in originality 
of conception and, in certain cases, sublimity, they 
serve as excellent models for modern artists. 
Mr. Kubota Beisen, in comparing European art 
with Japanese, says that the religious pictures 
which are so popular in the West are liked 
because thay represent the actual feelings of 
human beings, but the Japanese chief works of 
art are purely ideal. In them the gods assume a 
superior form to that given to the Deity in the 
anthropomorphic representations of the West. 
With this I do not agree altogether, for our 
representations of divine beings, it seems to me 
err to a still greater degree than do those of 
Europe. They are fantastic and not calculated 

to excite admiration In worshipping 

the ideal excessively Japanese artists have grown 
to think that no attention need be paid to 
form at all, but Europeans can never be brought 
to admire whole-heartedly pictures that ignore the 
most fundamented principles of proportion, con- 
tour and perspective. 


Under the title of " Abuses connected with 
Foreign Doctors," the Nipponjin says that 
foreign doctors encourage extravagance among 
the Japanese and frequently give orders which, if 
carried out, would run whole families into debt. 
Where 50 or 60 sen a day is all that a poor family 
has to live on, to order so many pints of milk and 
so many eggs, or chicken soup, and the like, spells 
ruin for the rest of the family. In addition to 
orders of this kind, a change to Atami or to 
Nasimohara is recommended without regard to the 
expense involved in such trips. The fact is that 

compared with Japanese ways of living foreign 
ways are all extravagant, and most foreign doctors 
fail to realise that the stereotyped orders about 
nourishing food and good air in the majority of 
cases can't be carried out at all in this country. 

In the same magazine Mr. Fukumoto Sei dis- 
cusses the character of the inhabitants of Kyushu 
in general and that of the Chikuzen folks in 
particular, lie begins with the assertion that 
national character is to a considerable extent the 
product of climatic influences and racial peculiar- 
ities. In Japan, says Mr. Fukumoto, the land is 
rich, the climate pleasant, and living cheap. 
Hence our people are fond of pleasure and an 
easy life. The scenery is beautiful. Hence our 
love of fine art and of poetry. But nature occa- 
sionally grows fierce and the land is swept by 
gales, deluged with floods, shaken by earthquakes, 
or buried in lava from live volcanoes. So it 
happens that Japanese human nature lias its fits of 
violence. Mr. Fukumoto's theory is that the inha- 
bitants of Kyushu for the moat part migrated from 
Luzon. He says that the fundamental character- 
istics of the race are clearly exemplified in the 
Chikuzen people, the chief of which lie takes to 
be a love of ornamentation and great disunion. 

tf? * * * 

In the Kyoiku Koho, Mr Mitsukuri Gempachi 
gives us a short account of the great change > 
which public opinion in Germany has undergone! 
in reference to the career of Napoleon I. The! 
following is the substance of what Mr. Mitsukuri I 
has to say on this subject : — After an interval of 
seven years, when a short time ago I visited 
Europe, nothing struck me more than the change 
which public opinion had undergone in reference 
to Napoleon I. When I first went to Europe the 1 
Franco-Prussian war was fresh in the memories 1 
of the Germans, and in Germany Napoleon was ' 
denounced as though he were the Devil incarnate. : 
The reason of this was that at that time the Ger- 1 
mans were not very sure of their union and they' 
were very apprehensive that France would 
retaliate sooner or later. It was to their interest 
to keep up a hatred of the French nation and its 
great hero Napoleon I. But now that the danger 
of German disintegration is past and the pro- 
babilities of another Franco-Prussian war are 
extremely remote, German feeling towards the 
French has undergone modification, and, in its 
stead, anti-English feeling has been fanned into 
a flame. It is no use pretending that there is any 
rationality or justice about this anti-English 
feeling. It is the result of envy of England's 
colonial expansion and commercial prosperity. 
The adverse German criticism of England's method 
of conducting the Transvaal war was actuated by 
the same spirit of jealousy. Of course it may be 
said that suchrevulsion of feeling as frequently takes 
place in Germany is extremely unscholarly. One 
expects this among uneducated people, but not 
among scholars. But it would seem that Euro- 
pean scholars are by no means proof against the 
inroads of national feeling and hence it is that 
frequently their learned discussions are quite 
unreliable. Formerly it was contended in Ger- 
many that Napoleon was an ambitious despot who 
was actuated by no better motive than a love of 
conquest, but now an entirely new explanation is 
given of his conduct. It is said that French 
colonial expansion was the one great object he had 
in view in all his wars. He endeavoured to take 
Egypt with a view of driving the English out of 
India and founding a great empire in the East. 
The defeat of the French at Trafalgar and sub- 
sequent events forced him to abandon all attempt 
at the realisation of his purpose, but there is no 
doubt, say recent German writers, that the great 
ambition of his life was a perfectly lawful one, 1 
namely, the establishment of French predominance 
throughout Asia and Africa.* 

* * * , I 
Dr. Takaki Kenkan has for many years past 
figured as an earnest champion of the improve- 
ment of Japanese physique' In the Kyoiku Koho 
is published the first part of an essay which the 
learned Doctor has contributed on this subject. 

* The late Professor Sccley, it may lie noted, ex- 
pressed this opinion more than 20 years age) in his 
lectures on the Expansion of England. — (Wrjter of 
Sum ma in). 

Much of what he says has been s lid before, but . 
he observes, progress is lamentably slow, and the 3 
only hope of effecting anything is by persistently 
hammering away at the same theme. Here is 
the j;ist of what Dr. Takaki has to say in the first 
of his articles : — There is in all countries a 
close connection between national greatness and 
physical development. Where there is general 
bodily weakness it must tell on a nation's chances 
of successful competition with other countries. 
The French are not as a people so robust as the 
Germans. The Anglo-Saxons are as a race better 
developed than any of their rivals, and hence it 
is that they predominate everywhere and in all 
things. 15ut when we come to examine the 
physical status of the Japanese and Chinese, we 
find it is very low. Considering our condition 
as regards health of mind and body, we cannot 
but be conscious that in mind most of our people 
are still 'back in the feudal ages. They want to 
live in idleness. One of the chief objects of our 
students when at school is subsequent idleness or 
the occupation of some post of honour that 
involves next to no labour. Students hurry from 
school to school without knowing wlv>t kind of 
life they are going to follow after leaving the 
University. Among the hundreds of graduates 
that leave the University, those who are able to 
support themselves are comparatively few. In 
the whole country there are only 23,192 students 
in the various kinds of existing business schools. 
The whole nation seems bent on entering Gov- 
ernment service. Among civilians there are 
4.44S officials with sdnin rank, then there are 7 15 
military officers and 602 naval officers, making 
a total of 5,765. But if it be asked how many 
there are whose one desire is to become sdnin, 
the answer is, the whole of the students throughout 
the country. Numbers of men after graduating 
are glad to accept 10 or \2 yen a month as 
policemen or to become agricultural labourers. - ! - 
In the Child Koron Dr. Takaki Kenkan dwells 
on the evils connected with the Japanese habit of 
squatting on /atami, which he treats unde,r six 
headings as follows: — (1) The habit of sitting 
on mats interferes with the growth of the lower 
half of the body. Ordinarily development goes 
on till about the age of 23. The posture assumed 
by the Japanese stops the free circulation of the 
blood and hence checks growth. It is on this 
account that the legs of Japanese are about an 
inch and a half shorter than they ought to be. 
As a proof of this I may quote the fact that the 
legs of boys who have been habitually sitting on 
chairs in the Middle Schools are on an average 
2}4 inches longer than those of old men whose 
whole lives have been spent on mats. Were the 
habit of squatting to be entirely abandoned, our 
soldiers would undoubtedly rank second among 
the world's armies in the matter of length of 
body. (2) This shortness of the legs lessens the 
rate of motion. An ordinary Japanese finds it 
hard to keep pace with a foreigner in walking. 
Seeing that our 45 million people are all short- 
legged, we are in danger of falling behind in the 
race of life in a variety of particulars. (3) The 
amount of work that can be performed is reduced 
by shortness of stature. A slv rt man can not 
reach as far as a tall man, and so in the use of 
various implements he stands at a disadvantage '! 
Tools and implements have to be altered to suit 
him. (4) The effort to rise from the squatting 
posture is far greater than that required when 
chairs are used. This is so much waste ofi 
energy. (5) The practice of sitting on the 
mats contributes to idleness. Squatted on a 
cushion with a tobacco tray in front of him, 
the ordinary Japanese is disinclined to exert 
himself in any way. (6) The use of mats is 
most uneconomical. Eight mats cost about 
16 yen. The pine wood planks beneath them 
cost 4 yen 29 sen, making a total of 20 yen 

f It will he seen that what we have given above is 
all introductory to the main subject. Several months 
have elapsed since the article appeared, but no 
sequel has been published. This is a habit that 
certain magazines habitually practise. — (WRITER oV 
Summary. ) 

I The use of the foreign horse plough may lie 
cited as an instance of this, where a short man 
stands at a great disadvantage. — (Writer of 

July 19, 1902.] 



29 jr//. If these mats be re covered once a year, 
an outlay of S yen is required. If the money 
thus spent, together with 10 per cent, interest 
thereon, be considered, on the supposition even 
that an eight-mat room is occupied by 4 persons, 
it will be found that at the age of 40 every 
Japanese has laid out on his mats and the floor 
beneath them a sum of 1 ,c 1 1 yen 60 sen and 7 
rin. If, following foreign fashion, a room were 
constructed of planks, the same size as the eight- 
mat room, it could be done for n yen 20 sen, 
A table and 4 chairs would cost another 1 r yen 
20 sen. The total, reckoned at 10 per cent, for 
40 years, would make a sum of 230 yen 42 sen 
and 2 fin* Taking the population of Japan at 
42 millions and reckoning 2 mats for each person, 
we find that the cost of supplying the nation with 
mats for 40 years would be 43,499,101,000 yen ; 
whereas they could be provided with foreign-style 
rooms for 9,908,146,000 yen. So that the gain 
by adopting the foreign style would be 
33,590,000,000 yen. As regards dress, the habit 
of sitting on mats injures clothes to an unneces- 
sary extent, says Dr. Takaki. 

In No. 37 of the Keisei appears a letter from 
the editor's brother, Mr. Matsumura Shonen, who 
has been for some little time past studying ento- 
mology in Germany. He, like Dr. Anezaki, 
whose letter to the Taiyd was noticed in these 
columns some little time ago, has been unfavour- 
ably impressed with what he has encountered in 
Germany. He says that though the country can 
boast of a very large number of scholars, the 
majority of them are idle ; that as regards moral- 
ity Germany is in a far worse state than in 
Japan ; that even in the case of youths of 14 or 
15 there are few who have kept free from women. 
And that as for the number of loose women to be 
seen on the streets, it is quite beyond the con- 
ception of ordinary Japanese. Mr. Matsumura 
comes to the conclusion that no very young men 
whose education is incomplete should be sent to 
Germany. At the present time, writes Mr. 
Matsumura, I am at Buda-Pesth examining and 
assisting in the arrangement of insects in the 
Museum here. The Hungarians were originaliy 
Orientals, and so I find in the customs of the 
people much that resembles our Japanese ways. 
Dr. Shiratori Kurakichi is here for linguistic 
investigation. He has found that the Hungarian 
and Japanese languages resemble each other 
very closely. Subjoined are a few illustrations of 
this: — Japanese, shio (salt); Hungarian, s'o. 
Japanese, mitsu (honey) ; Hungarian, mez (pro- 
nounced mee/su); Japanese, mizn; Hungarian, 
viz (pronounced l>eezu). Japanese, koro (time) ; 
Hungarian, horn (pronounced koru) ; Japanese, 
o-tcha (lather f); Hungarian, atya (pronounced 
ai-clia) ; Japanese, otooto (younger brother ) ; 
Hungarian, ocsa (pronounced olclia\). Magyar 
is used in all the chief places of amuse- 
ment, and so strong is the anti-German feeling 
here that the use of German in such places would 
immediately cause a riot. The Hungarians have 
never forgiven Russia for the part she played in 
1 848, and hence they welcomed the Anglo-Japanese 
Alliance, which they interpret as anti-Ru. i sian, 
and their friendliness to our country at the pre- 
sent time is very great. Mourning over the fate 
of his country, a Hungarian scholar said to me : 
"Would that our ancestors had never entered 
Europe! Had we kept to Asia as you have, we 
should to-day be an independent people. Since 
we entered Europe we have been treated like a 
Stepson ; we have been longing for liberty and 
struggling to obtain it, but have not yet succeeded." 

Commenting on his brother's letter, Mr. Matsu- 

* Dr. Takaki leaves out of consideration the fact 
that the tataihi arc used as beds by the Japanese ; so 
that to the above calculation the cost of a foreign- 
style bedstead must be added. In other respects iiis 
estimate of the cost of providing mats seems to us 
too high. One yen per mat for covering is excessive. 

— (Whiter of Summary.) 

f In colloquial otoltsan becomes otchnn. — (WRITER 
ok Summary). 

t Tlie K a ga. people use the word o-jia for younger 
brother, -.v Inch sounds exactly like the Hungarian 

ocsa. — (Whiter ot Summary), 

mura Kaiseki says that steps should be taken to 
cement still closer the bonds of fellowship be- 
tween ourselves and the Hungarians. A thorough 
smdy of their customs and institutions should be 

In one of the fortnightly supplements published 
by the Kokumin Shimbun appears an article from 
the pen of Dr. Inoue Tatsujirfi on "The De- 
ficiencies of Chinese Civilization," of which the 
following is the gist : — Of late Chinese and 
Korean students have been arriving in increasing 
numbers in this country for education, and the 
question of our responsibilities as regards the 
neighbouring countries from which these students 
come should engage the attention of all thoughtful 
people. In order to understand exactly what is 
wanted in China it is desirable to discuss the 
nature and deficiencies of her civilisation. These 
I shall now proceed to enumerate. (1) The idea 
of right is wauling. Though the term kenri 
was used in very ancient times in China, the 
modern signification of that term was r.ot known. 
f$| kenri was used in the sense of 
kensei. In Chinese life the individual is sub- 
ordinated to the family. Though loyalty, filial 
piety and charity are much praised in China's 
standard works, there is nothing about the value 
of independence of spirit and individual liberty 
The Chinese have no adequate conception of 
what is involved in personality. It is astonishing 
that after 3,000 years of thought they should 
never have formed an idea of what is involved in 
the rank borne by each individual citizen. Most 
of the existing corruption in the country is to 
be traced to this defect. Not having realised 
what personal rights are, they have no scruples 
about robbing their neighbours. Uprightness 
and honesty proceed from the consciousness that 
individual rights, one's own and those of others, 
are sacred. (2) Scientific ideas are wanting 
Scientific development is discouraged by the very 
nature of the Confucian morality, which is in- 
tensely conservative and condemns in an indirect 
way all searching after new things or new methods. 
(3) The logical faculties have not been developed. 
Such Chinese philosophers as attempted to found 
a school of rationalists, men like Suntsz, PuhtszJ 
Hwuitsz, Kungsun-lung and Hanpaitsz were all 
regarded as heretics by the nation and next to 
no interest was taken in their writings. Even 
the logic found in their works is very crude. The 
Chinaman no doubt does reason on experience to a 
certain extent, but his reasoning is lacking in pre- 
cision and in minuteness. Perhaps one of the 
reasons why minuteness and accuracy of expres- 
sion have not be;n developed in China is to be 
found in the character of the written language. : 
Their ideographs undergo no inflections whatever, 
and so it is impossible to express in Chinese deli- 
cate shades of meaning. The more classical the 
style m China the less 'logical are the ideas. It is 
quite impossible to expresses minute Western 
thought in thoroughly correct ancient Chinese — 
the only language that is highly thought of by 
the educated classes. In order to convey new 
ideas to the people the use of kana or of Romaji 
will have to be resorted to, and a more pliable 
style of composition adopted. (4) Tile idea of , 
union and co-operation is lacking. Though the 
Chinaman has no idea of individual rights, he has 
very pronounced Opinions as to individual profits, j 
At first sight this might appear to be incompatible 
with the strong family feeling which exists ; but it 
is not so. (5) The idea of progress is wanting. 
It would not be true to say that China has no 
ideals. She has ideals but they are unrealisable 
ideals connected with the past. She looks back, 
instead of looking ahead. The whole teaching 
of Confucius was in this direction. In conclusion 
I wish to observe that no mere internal reform 
will suffice. China may train an army and 
possess a good navy, but until the minds of her 
people have been thoroughly changed, her posi- ; 
ti' n will not be free from danger. As an Eastern 
nation which has adopted Western civilisation, 
we have it in our power to bring about the 
transformation of the Chinese. 

* * * 

The Chub Kbron. enumerates the sins of certain 

Japanese newspaper writers under ten headings, 
as follows: (1) They twist facts to suit their 
own likes and dislikes and plan the destruction of 
innocent men. (2) They write with no sense of 
responsibility and have no notion of how to 
promote the true interests of the country. They 
aim at exciting the ignorant without regard to 
consequences. (3) On the questions of the day 
they have no minute knowledge, and so we find 
the sturdy resistance of the Boer republics to 
England described as an illustration of " the 
perpetuity of Royal lineage" (Qftfiy&Qfr, A 'did- 
remnieri). (4) The minuteness with which the 
doings of geisha and prostitutes are recorded 
serves as a guide to places of ill-fame. (5) Their 
role is to sow discord among men, to slander, to 
abuse, to advertise trickery and robbery of every 
kind. (6) They live by blackmailing, by op- 
pressing the weak and the timid. (7) Their 
production of a manuscript that is full of base 
insinuations and slander and threatening to 
publish it if money is not forthcoming, is an 
exact imitation of the method of the highway 
robber. (8) By a skilful manipulation of affairs 
they manage to keep their own crimes out of 
sight while making money by revealing the im- 
aginary faults of others. (9) Their writing is all 
exaggerated and calculated to injure the minds of 
readers and destroy their consciences. (10) 
Their methods, language and whole conduct 
resemble those of the vagabonds known in this 
country as haori-gorolsitki.*^ 

* * 

The Sanseido a few weeks ago brought out a 
new English-Japanese Dictionary which bears 
the marks of being very carefully compiled and 
which, considering its size and cost, certainly has 
no equal in this country. The compilers are all 
well-known scholars, Baron Kanda and Doctors 
Yokoi, Takakusu, Fujioka, Ariga, and Hirayama. 
It covers 1,248 6-in. pages printed in small type. 
The Chinese characters are printed in No. 7 type. 
The book sells at the ridiculously low figure of 68 
sen a copy, and so is evidently chiefly designed 
for the use of students. We have examined a 
number of the definitions given and they seem to 
us excellently done. Of course it is impossible 
to tell how far the compilers have made use of 
the labours of other lexicographers, but never 
before have so many well-known linguists put 
their names down as the compilers of an English- 
Japanese Dictionary. We express ourselves thus 
designedly, for we are informed on the best 
authority that in the compilation of books in 
Japan names are repeatedly inscribed on the title 
page implying authorship when there has been no 
adequate share in the work of compilation per- 
formed by the persons referred to.|| If the 
material found in Baron Kanda's English- 
Japanese Dictionary could be used for bringing 
out a new Japanese-English Dictionary the 
result would be the possession of a lexicon far 
ahead of anything n w existing. There are no 
kana attached to the ordinary Chinese characters 
appearing in the Ei-wa filen which we are re- 
viewing, and, the characters being printed in such 
small type, only those foreigners to whom the 
forms of the ideographs are very familiar can use it. 
This many foreigners will regret, as the dictionary 
not only translates single words, but all the chief 
idioms or phrases in which the word occurs. For 
example, under the word " take " we first have 
30 different senses in which the word is used and 
then more than a page of small type is covered 
with the translation of the phrases given in stan- 
dard English dictionaries; such as "to take account 
of, to take advice, to take liberties, to take 
advantage of," &c, &c. Remarkable accuracy 
has been attained in rendering the various figures 
of speech with which the dictionary deals. The 
Appendices, which cover over 100 pages, have 
been compiled in imitation of our best standard 
dictionaries and contain a- large amount of infor- 

1f Applied to persons who dress respectably, but 
obtain a living in some dishonest manner, usually by 
bullying timid people. — (Writer of Summary). 

|| The scholars who figure as the compilers of the 
new Ki-ivaji-ten are not, we think, the kind of 
men to allow their names to be used without bearing 
the responsibility attached to actual compilation. — 
(Writer of Summary). 




[July 19, 1902. 

mation that should prove most valuable to the [ 
Japanese student of English. In the introduction | 
the compilers inform us that in translation they j 
have used classical language (gageti) as much as 
possible, but that when colloquial has had to be 
employed, the Tokio dialect has been adopted. 
The separate meanings of words are indicated by 
numbers; (1), (2), (3), &c. In giving translations 
of technical terms they have in every case indi- 
cated by a single character the branch of 
knowledge to which the word belongs. Thus 
<f£, Kwa for Chemistry, and T|ijj, Do, for Zoology. 
In the case of proper names in many instances 
they have wisely not attempted to render them 
in kana, but for names constantly used in 
the Official Gazette and the leading papers, the 
Chinese characters have been resorted to. Kana 
have been supplied only in the case of those 
characters whose pronunciation is not generally 
known, and even then only when they occur for 
the first time. Where the same word occurs 
several times, the student will find "as above" 
only. In the compilation of the work Dr. Yokoi 
has been principally responsible for the Agricul- 
tural terms; Dr. Fujioka for the Electrical terms ; 
Dr. Ariga for the Law, Political, Economic, 
Diplomatic, Philosophical, Psychological, Mathe- 
matical, Educational, and Fine Art terms, and 
Dr. Hirayama for the Astronomical terms. These 
particulars are all stated in the preface, which we 
take it was written by Baron Kanda or by Dr. Taka- 
kusu, as the part they have played in the compila- 
tion is left unstated. The public is certainly 
to be congratulated on the publication of such a 
thoroughly scholarly work as the Shinyaku Ei- 
ivajiten, which is bound to command a large sale. 

Writing in the Taiyd on " The Anglo-Tapanese 
Alliance and Japan's Foreign Policy " Mr. Ozaki 
Yukio says : — It is high time that steps were taken 
to carry into practice the principles of the Anglo- 
Japanese Alliance. Unless the agreement is to be 
made the basis of new political action on the part 
of the high contracting parties it will prove to 
be a dead letter alliance. Although Russia has 
pretended to welcome the Alliance, she has certainly 
acted in a different manner since it was drawn 
up. In Talienwan and Port Arthur she is taking 
steps to shut out Japanese, English and American 
commerce. In Korea she is doing all she can to 
lessen Japan's influence over the Government and 
to increase her own. And so it comes about that, 
instead of the Alliance helping us, it has hitherto 
been a decided drawback. But on this ac- 
count we are not to agree that the Alliance is of 
no use to us. It will help us directly we begin to 
act on it in the same practical manner as Russia 
follows. It has long been my opinion that the 
proper course for us to have taken was to come to 
an agreement with England about China and 
with Russia about Korea. Our agreement with 
England about Korea will not help us much as long 
as Russia is still opposed to us there. Russian 
interests in Korea are far greater than those of 
England, and she will not readily recede from 

the position she has assumed In 

reference to Russia's action in Manchuria, public 
opinion in this country seems to me to be need- 
lessly adverse. It is argued that if Russia holds 
Manchuria Korea will be threatened, and that if 
Korea is threatened Japan will be in danger. 
Had we no army this argument would hold good, 
but should there be occasion for it we could 
pour troops into Korea in sufficient numbers to 
make it rafe against attack. Though most people 
seem only to think of utilizing the Alliance for 
increasing our prestige in the Far East, in my 
opinion it should be made the occasion for new 
diplomatic action. To think of the Alliance as 
only aimed at Russia is a mistake. There is j 
nothing in our agreement with England opposed , 
to our coming to an understanding with Russia j 
about Korea. In fact England would be pleased | 
were we to accomplish this. It must not be j 
overlooked that our feeling in reference to Rus- 1 
sia's occupation of Manchuria and that of England 
differs considerably. As long as Russia grants 
to all nations the same commercial and industrial 
rights in Manchuria as they now have, England j 
will have no objection to Russia's occupation 
This fact makes it clear that if we resolutely op- 

pose Russian occupation under any circumstances 
whatever, we shall stand alone. If Russia contends, 
that her occupation is necessary for the protection 
of her commerce and her railway, there is no West- 
ern Power that will object. Can Wt reasonably 
object ? Were our commerce in Korea threatened, 
should we not take similar steps to protect it? 
Russia's action in Manchuria is not to be regarded 
as antagonistic to the principles of the Anglo- 
Japanese Alliance. 

In the Taiyd appears the report of an address 
delivered at the Mitsui Shukaijo by Dr. Taka- 
mine, giving a history of his life and investigations 
prior to his discovery of a new method of making 
spirituous liquors. We epitomize below the 
Tatyd's report : — Seventeen years ago I went to 
Europe and America in company with Mr. 
Masuda K6, our object being the purchase of 
appliances for dealing with the manure used for 
our rice-fields. These we bought and, returning 
to Japan, for some time I gave myself to this new 
industry. The first year we lost over the business, 
the following year we made enough to cover ex- 
penses and the third year we managed to obtain 
a small profit. The future of this industry seems 
to be attended with uncertainty. It may succeed, 
and that is all that can be said. At that time 
my attention was drawn to the subject of liquor- 
making by some of my relations^ and I proceeded 
to compare the Japanese and foreign ways of 
distilling and fermenting. The first thing that 
struck me was the fact that in Europe and Ame- 
rica corn containing starch and specially barley 
which has germinated is used for making alcohol. 
And the idea was that without the diastase which 
is found in germinated bailey alcohol is not to 
be obtained. Put no malt is used for making 
Japanese sake. We use koji, or yeast, in its stead. 
It seemed to me, then, that if I could discover a 
better method of making yeast than that hither- 
to followed I should obtain a far cheaper and 
more effective way of producing alcohol than 
that adopted in Western countries. In making 
malt the weather has to be considered, but Japanese 
yeast can be made in any weather, and it only took 
50 or 60 hours to make diastase in the Japanese 
way. But the process was costly and the diastase 
produced was inferior in strength to that derived 
from malt. My invention consisted in finding 
out a cheaper method of making diastase, which 
was the use of bran instead of barley or rice. 
The diastase thus produced I found to be much 
more powerful than that contained in our Japan- 
ese ordinary sake-brewing yeast, and of course 
the price of this material was infinitely less than 
that of barley or rice. In America up to the 
time of my invention every year enormous sums 
of money were spent on barley for brewing pur- 
poses. At the time of my invention there was a 
great Brewers' Trust in Peoria the value of 
whose shares was some 33 million dollars, and | 
they were doing an enormous business, the com- 
panies connected with that trust producing from 
700 koktt (1 /v/v/=39.7o imp. gal.) to 3,000 
koku a day. I placed myself in communica- 
tion with the brewing companies of Peoria. 
My first experiment there proved a success, but 
the second failed. But the failure was caused by 
the jealousy of the malsters. My instructions were 
not carried out, and I found that I had raised a 
very hornets' nest about me. My life was 
threatened and I dared not appear out of doors in 
the day time. The difficulty was temporarily got 
over by the company's purchasing the patent and 
keeping on the malsters. Arrangements were now 
made for an experiment on a large scale. The 
company laid out some 200,000 dollars on the 
preparations for this experiment. These prepara- 
tions aroused the ire of all interested in the use 
of malt. Everything was complete and we cal- 
culated on commencing to turn out 1,000 koku 
of alcohol per day from the day following that 
fixed for the experiment, when all our machines 
were set fire to by the obstructors and the works 
were all destroyed. Not only did the malsters 
burn the place, but they caused it to be reported 
that the fire had originated with Takamine, his 

* It may be mentioned here that Mi s. Takamine is 
an American lady. — (WRITER OF SUMMARY), 

. object being to hide the shame of failure. At 
this time I was dangerously ill and my life was 
j despaired of. My despondency knew no bounds. 
I But subsequently another experiment was arranged 
I for and it was eminently successful. But my 
I troubles were by no means over. When I went to 
j America in 1895, 1 found that a violent opposition 
to my invention existed in the very company with 
which I had an agreement. The shareholders turn- 
ed out the officers who favoured my method, and 
put in others who refused to make use of my inven- 
tion. But since my patent extends to another 10 
years I shall succeed in making it a thorough suc- 
cess in America despite all opposition. I began 
life without a penny. With me necessity was the 
mother of invention. Both in Japan and America 
there is now advertised for sale what is known as 
Taka-Jiasiasc. This is used largely for medicinal 
purposes as well as for making alcohol. 

Dr. Takamine goes on to tell how his invention 
has led to other inventions of a medicinal kind. 
Dr. Takamine's father served as a doctor under 
the Kaga daimyd, and from his early days the 
eminent inventor took a keen interest in medicine. 
Dr. Takamine, we believe, has returned to 


The following Customs fees will be charged 
from the 1st August : — 

Fee for the opening of a Custom House or a 
branch after office hours : — 


From sunrise until sunset 10 

From sunset until 12 p. in 20 

From 12 p.m. until sunrise 30 

The above rates may be reduced by half at 
branch offices, according to circumstances. 

Fee for permission for shipping and discharg- 
ing, delivering and transporting goods at a 
Custom House or a branch : — 



From sunrise until sunset 2 

From sunset until 12 p.m 4 

From 12 p.m. until sunrise 6 

Custom House or a branch :■ — ■ 



During the time required for inspection 3 
When travelling expenses are incurred they are 
also charged. 

Pee for the entrance and clearance of a foreign 
trading vessel at an unopened port : — Yen 30. 

Fees Provided in Art. 76 of tub Minutes of 
the Customs Law. 


Certificate (each) 2.00 

Exports and Imports, Daily Statistics 

(one month) 30.00 

Other statistics relating to shipping 

and cargoes (each) .50 


Lord, with how small a thing 
Thou canst prop up the heart against the grave ! 
A little glimmering 

Is all we crave ! 
The lustre of a love 
That hath no being, 
The pale point of a little star above, 
Flashing and fleeing, 
Contents our seeing. 
The house that never will be built ; the gold 

That never will be told ; 
The task we leave undone when we are cold ; 
The dear face that returns not, but is lying, 
Lick'd by the leopard, in an Indian cave ; 
The coming rest that cometh not, till sighing 
We turn our tremulous gaze upon the grave. 
And Lord, how should we dare 
Thither in peace to fall 
But for a feeble glimmering even there — 

Falsest, some sigh, of all ? 
We are as children in Thy hands indeed. 
And Thou easy comfort for our need, — 
The shining of a lamp, the tinkling of a bell, 
Content us well. 

Robert Buchanan. 

July 19, 1902.] 



The President of Oberlin College, Dr. John H. 
Barrows, died at Oberlin, on June 3. Dr. Par- 
rows was born in Medina, Michigan, on Jully 11, 
1847. After studying theology at Vale, Union, 
and Andover theological seminaries, he under- 
took home missionary work in Kansas. After 
nearly three years of educational and church 
work in Kansas he was pastor of the First Con- 
gregational church, in Springfield, Illinois, for a 
year. Prior to taking up the presidency at Ober- 
lin, in 1898, he had been for fourteen years the 
pastor' of the First Presbyterian church in Chi- 
cago. He was most widely known, however, 
for his services as one of the prime inaugurators 
and the presiding officer of the World's Congress 
of Religions held at the time of the Columbian 
exposition in Chicago. In 1896 he attracted 
much attention by receiving the first appoint- 
ment to the Haskell lectureship established 
under the direction of the University of Chi- 
cago. On this appointment he travelled in 
India and Japan, delivering one hundred and 
thirteen lectures. On his return to the States, 
Dr. Barrows delivered many lectures, including 
the Morse course at the Union theological semi- 
nary on "The Christian Conquest of Asia." 
Dr. Barrows was one of the trustees of the United 
Society of Christian Endeavor, and one of the 
advisory council of the Chautauqua system. He 
was also president of the Council of Seventy of 
the American Institute of Sacred Literature. His 
published works were : " The World's Parlia- 
ment of Religions," " A World Pilgrimage," 
" Christianity, the World Religion," " The Chris- 
tian Conquest of Asia." " I Believe in Cod," 
" The Gospels as True Histories," and a life of 
Henry Ward Beecher, said to be the best brief 
biography of the Brooklyn preacher. 


which has no children, to wit, bachelors over 25 
years of age, 3,86 r. 599 ; homes without children, 
1,808,838 ; divorcees, widows, and wildowcrs 
without children, 3,000,000 ; total 5,970,437. — 
Revue Scientijique. 


M. Neymarch recently read before the Society 
of Statistics of Paris an important study on the 
question of decrease of births with an increase of 
civilization, in which he examined some of the 
economic, financial, and social causes which, 
according to him, exercise a greater influence 
than physiological causes. M. Neymarch believes 
first that the more civilization is developed and 
and the more a country progresses, the more | 
births have a tendency to decrease. In Germany 
the birth rate was 42 per 1,000 in 1875, and 
twenty years later 36 ; in England during the 
same period it decreased from 36 to 29, and in J 
France the same years it decreased from 36 to 

The economic causes which influence natality 
greatly are the following: r. The expense of 
living, or to be more exact, the increase in needs. 
It is not demonstrable in its ensemble that the 
cost of living is greater than formerly, but that 
which is incontestable is that " needs " have aug- 
mented. 2. The desire for greater comfort for 
one's own and for one's self. One considers the 
expenses of the family with reference to the 
revenue or the capital possessed, what it will cost 
to raise seueral children, pay lor their instruction, 
education, maintenance, etc., and what 'it will 
cost later to "establish" them. 3. One desires 
to conserve the acquired wealth and not to deci- 
mate it among a large number of inheritors. 
4. The lowering of the revenues obtained from 
capital. A person who formerly could live happi- 
ly and at ease on a capital of $20,000 producing 
a revenue of from $1,000 to #1,100 per year, 
that is, five to five and one-halt per cent., has 
to day with the same capital only a revenue of 
$550 or $600, whereas his taxes, his charges, and 
bis needs have increased. 5. The increase in 
taxation. 6. Feminism, or the accession of the 
woman *o the work and occupations formerly 
reserved to ;he man. The woman becomes more 
and more the p-'>ducer, she is occupied in com- 
merce, in domestic service, in the liberal profes- 
sions, in mines and tracts, in shows, and in gene- 
ral affairs. This work in France occupies 
3t$53f&$i women who think less of maternity 
than of their professional occupations. Besides 
these, there can be cited an entire population 

The hearing was resumed on June 10th, in the 
Kobe Ku Saibansho, before Judge Yoshida, of 
the charge of breaking the Customs Law, prefer- 
red against Mr. W. Waggott, an employe of Mr. 
H. Julien, ship-chandler of Sakaye-machi, Kobe, 
who it was alleged had boarded the steamer 
Indrasamha outside the harbour. Evidence was 
given in support of the charge. Defendant, who 
said he had been in Japan since 1870 and in the 
ship-chandlery business in Kobe for nine years, 
admitted that he did know the harbour limits and 
was ignorant of the regulations. He declared that 
he was not the only man who boarded the steamer 
there, nor did he visit it to sell provisions, but 
had merely paid the steamer a visit. He did not 
know that the steamer was outside the harbour 
limits, and 011 those grounds he asked for an 
acquittal. The Judge imposed on defendant a fine 
of yen 5, in accordance with Articles 28 and 81 
of the Customs Laws. 

Two foreign witnesses, lady nurses from Tokyo, 
were examined on Friday in the Club Hotel by 
Judge Mabuchi in connection with the Jovansen 
case. The date of the next hearing has not yet 
been fixed. 

It is stated that the hearing of the appeal of 
Mr. C. Pereira and the two Chinese of the Wing 
Hing Printing Office, which was fixed for the 7th 
inst. in the Tokyo Appeal Court, has been post- 
poned to September 12th at 9 a.m. 

The trial of Franz Carl Herb, aged 52 years, a 
native of Switzerland, formerly an import and 
export merchant at No. 177, Yokohama, began 
at 9 a.m. on Thursday, Juiy 17th, in the Yoko- 
hama Chiho Saibansho. Judge Danno presided, 
and with him were associated Judges Mabuchi 
and Kobayashi. When the case was called only 
one or two Japanese spectators were present in 
the Court Room, but later in the forenoon a couple 
of foreigners appeared and watched the proceed- 
ings for some time. Accused was not under 
arrest, being on bail while the case proceeds. 
The trial was opened by Procurator Honda read- 
ing over the " Ruling relating to the closure of 
Preliminary Examination " and the attached 
"Reasons" which contained the particulars of 
the various charges, the accused standing the 
while, (these appeared in our columns on June 

On the application of Mr. J. de Becker, who 
appeared for the accused, the latter was allowed 
to sit down. 

The finding of the Preliminary Court having 
been interpreted to the accused by the Court 
Interpreter, Mr. Hattori, the Court proceeded 
to interrogate him. The questions put merely 
elicited answers to the same effect as the Preli- 
minary Court's finding, the gist of which we 
reproduce : — 

The accused, Fran/. Herb, commenced the export 
and import business at Yokohama in 1890 with a 
capital of yen 14,000 in partnership with the late 
Conrad Wagen, who furnished the greater part of the 
capital. In 1894 Wagen died and in consequence 
his share of the capital was withdrawn from the 
business by the deceased's executor. Owing to the 
want of capital, accused prevailed on Kawakita 
Naozo, No. 60 Bcntcn-dori Sanchome, Yokohama, 
and borrowed yen 6,000 from him. lie was 
thus enabled to continue in business. This was 
in January, 1895. t)f the borrowed money yen 
2,000 was recovered by the creditor shortly after- 
wards. Even for the rest of the loan accused had as 
deposit with the creditor some goods or other as 
security all the time. In 1896 accused made arrange- 
ments with the Hongkong and Shanghai Bank to 
borrow money fioin time to time on the security of 
merchandise. Accused, however, continued to suffer 

loss and incurred much debt. Under such circum- 
stances, accused, as a temporising means, incurred 
the following liabilities to the Hongkong and Shang- 
hai Bank without the intention of repaying them : — 

1. On 1 6th Sept., 1901, accused borrowed yen 
1,490 from the bank on the security of four boxes of 
woollen cloth which he represented to be stored in the 
godown though in reality they did not exist, and by 
issuing a promissory note payable after three months. 

2. On the 20th of the same month he borrowed 
yen 1,460 by a similar means; pretended security, 
22 tons steel. 

3. On the 27th of the same month he borrowed 
yen 2,255 by a similar means ; pretended security, 
135 barrels of iron wire. 

4. On the 30th of the same month he borrowed 
yen 3,190 by a similar means ; pretended security, 
seven cases of wool and other articles. 

5. On the 15th Oct.. 1901, he borrowed yen 13,440 
by a similar means ; pretended security, 21 cases of 
wool and other articles. 

6. Oct. 1 8th, yen 1,560 security, three boxes of 

7. Oct. 22nd, yen 4,345, security, 15 boxes of 
serge, etc. 

8. Oct. 25th, yen 2,625, security, six cases of wool. 

9. Oct. 26th, yen 2,100, eight cases of serge. 

10. Nov. nth, yen 950, security, brewery material. 

11. Nov. 13th, yen 6,035, security, 18 cases of wool 
and serge. 

12. Nov. i6th,yen 2,595, security, two cases of toilet 

13. Nov. 20th, yen 8,192, security, 16 cases flannel 
and 10 cases serge. 

14. Nov. 28th, yen 730, security, 6 cases toilet 

15. Nov. 30th, yen 2,905, security, two cases shawls, 

16. Dec. 3rd, yen 2,500, three cases manufactured 

17. Dec. 9th, yen 720, security, one case leather 

18. Dec. 10th, yen 960, security, three cases metal 

19. Dec. nib, yen 1,520, five cases of wool. 

20. Eight cases of paper valued at 1,845 marks. 

21. Sand paper and other goods valued at 1,378 

22. One case of paper valued at 991 marks. 

23. Four cases of India rubber goods valued at 
^63 us. 

24. One case hemp goods valued at ,£30 16s. 

25. One case manufactured goods value 632 marks. 

26. Four bales of drugs value 5244. 

Accused brrowed the various sums of money 
above-mentioned by offering as security goods which 
did not really exist or took delivery of. the various 
goods for which he did not pay. When payment of 
the promissory note No. 1 came due on Dec. 1 6th, 
1901, he did not pay it but suspended payment the 
following day. Accused was adjudged bankrupt by 
the Yokohama Chiho Saibansho on Dec. 27th, 1901. 

The acts of the accused fall under the purview of 
Art. 1,050 of the Commercial Code and he is hereby 
committed for trial. 

In the course of his evidence the accused, who 
said he came to Japan in 1888, detailed the cir- 
cumstances of his starting in business in 1890 
with Mr. C. Wagen and the other facts above 
noted. He first opened an account with the 
Hongkong and Shanghai Bank in 189^ He had 
dealings with other banks. The second time 
he opened an account with the Hongkong and 
Shanghai Bank in 1895 he had credits opened in 
Europe to buy goods and the merchants in 
Europe drew through the Hongkong and Shang- 
hai Bank for goods. He got the bill of 
lading by filling an application form. He did 
not understand that he was keeping the goods for 
the bank. When he could not pay the bill on 
the due date he asked for a prolongation. He had 
to fill a form, a promissory note, to obtain pro- 
longation. He had to give a reference to the bill 
of lading and to mention the kind of goods as a 
reference to the transaction. Fie always consider- 
ed those steps as mere formalities. All the 
promissory notes were in the same form. 

If those steps were mere formalities then it 
would not be necessary to mention any security 
at all ? — I understood the bank only wanted a 
reference to the bill of lading and that the pro- 
missory note was on my personal credit. When 
I gave the promissory note I got the original bill 
of exchange which had fallen due. The bill of 
lading had gone long ago to get the goods. 
When I renewed the bill of exchange by giving 
this promissory note the interest was raised. That 
was all. After making those arrangements with 
the bank, they inspected the goods about once a 
year. They came to see what stock I had. The 

[July 19, 1902. 

bank man, I understood, came to see whether I was 
good for the debt. He looked where he liked and 
took what notes he liked. Since I have been in 
trouble I have studied the matter and find the 
view which the bank takes is correct, but I am 
not a lawycr-and I did not understand so then. 
I had in my employ the men now named to me. 
The drawing of promissory notes was my own 
business and the buying and selling of goods were 
under my direction; when I was absent my assist- 
ants knew what to do. As to giving goods 
in security for promissory notes, nobody did that 
as goods were not given in security. My em- 
ployes had the key and delivered goods from the 
godown telling me afterwards that they had done 
so. Each time a godown order was issued, some 
times after the goods were delivered. The godown 
keeper had to have that order to free his respon- 
sibility. I very rarely filled in such orders. That 
was down by Mr. Giese or my son, latterly my 
son. Mr. Giese put his initials on the order. 
I knew after each delivery of goods that delivery 
had been made. (Shown promissory note) I see 
the conditions attached to that. It is true that 
on Sept. 1 6th, 190 1, I gave a promissory note 
for yen 1,490. It may be that the 4 cases of cloth 
mentioned in that note were sold before, on the 
2nd, 1 2th and 20th of April. (Shown book) I 
see here that they were so sold on the dates men- 
tioned. 1 did not bother about it then. (Shown 
another promissory note referring to the second 
charge) I admit giving that note, and that 22 tons 
of steel are mentioned in it. I filled up the note 
myself. I always did so. I recognise that I filled 
it. I recognise having mentioned 22 tons of steel 
as a reference to the former bill of exchange ; Ij 
did not read the conditions. The goods may have j 
been sold on April 29th. I do not remember: 
seeing the goods at all. I see from the book ! 
shown me that such was the case. 

The Presiding Judge's interrogations as to the 

when he was declared bankrupt there were left 
only 27 sen in cash in his safe. He added that 
his business began to decline since 1900. 

The Judge said that according to the bills of 
lading and other documents defendant sold his 
articles extravagantly cheap. 

The defendant replied that as he was hard press- 
ed by his creditors he was obliged to do so and 
that as the times were bad he saw that he would 
not succeed in business. Meanwhile he was able 
to secure contracts with 
a firm in Berlin, who 
from Vladivostock fur that purpose. Thereupon 
defendant forwarded some time ago a large as- 
sortment of cement, oil, etc., to Yladivostock to 
the amount of some yen 90,000 and realized a 
profit of over yen 10,000. 

Mr. de Becker asked the Court to summon 
as witnesses Sato Hakuai and forty-three foreign 
gentlemen of Yokohama who could testify to the 
general good character of defendant. 

The Procurator stated that he recognized that 
defendant was not a man belonging to the lower 
class, and that there would be no necessity for 
summoning so many witnesses as proposed by 
Counsel for defendant. 

It was arranged to examine Sato Hakuai only, 
he having acted as Bankruptcy Administrator in 
the present case, and the proceedings were ad- 
journed at 5.30 p.m., to be resumed on July 19th 
at 9 a.m. 

the representative of . advises that, where possible " 
came to Yokohama 1 employed to draw them. «W 



J. B. Rentiers, of the British Consular 
in Japan, was called to the bar at the 
Temple on June 1 tth. 


A cable to the New York Sun from London 
says :— -The daughter of Sir Frederick Treves, the 
surgeon who performed the operation on 
other charges elicited practically the same answers. I Ki _ djcd g few , 0 f appendicitis. 

As to the sixth charge accused admitted selling 
most of the gloves there mentioned but said he 
thought some remained in the godown. Similarly 
in other instances he stated that he thought part 
of the goods had not been delivered. 

At a quarter before twelve o'clock, when the 
tenth charge had been reached, the Court adjourn- ' 
ed for tiffin. 

The proceedings were resumed at half-past 
one o'clock. 

Mr. de Becker, Counsel for defendant, said 
that Mr. Tsuruda, another Counsel for defendant, 
could not attend the Court that day, as he was 
engaged in some legal business in Tokyo. 

The Judge then proceeded to make inquiries i ^ ineeri corps belonging to the 1st, 
pf defendant as to the matter of obtaining loans 2nd and ^ h Divi f ions of the £ ip * rial Guards 
from the Hongkong and Shanghai Bank on _ manoeuvres m the neighbourhood of 

pretended securities ! the nver Kitakarni in the north-eastern districts 

- The defendant replied that he obtained 26 

loans in all from the Bank, and admitted that , cot _ d ef ^ f ^ 
nearly all the goods given as security had already 

been sold when they were offered to the Bank. , Apparently potato growing in this country is 
The Judge said that according to the state- 1 go j ng f rom bad to worse in consequence of the 
ment made by Mr. Guinness, of the Hongkong prevalence of a kind of plague, which made its 
and Shanghai Bank, defendant's debts stood atyen j fi rst appearance several years ago. For instance 
1897, at yen 9,830 in January, j the p 0tato crop in Kanagawa Prefecture this year 

A Kobe despatch states that the British tank 
j vessel Geo. Payne, which arrived at Shanghai on 
I the 4th inst. from Philadelphia with kerosene oil 
! on board, caught fire on the 9th, but she escaped 
j destruction. Three members of the crew are 

The Duke ot Connaught was on 3rd June 
installed as Grand Master of English Mark 
Masonry, in succession to the King. The cere- 
mony took place in the King's Hall of the 
Holborn Restaurant, in the presence of 1,500 
members of the Craft. 

responded. Among those present were Count 
Okuma, founder of the institution, and Countess 
Okuma, His Excellency Col. Buck, American 
Minister to Japan, professors and instructors of 
the Tokyo University and many schools, over 
1,000 in all. 

A London weekly paper recently unearthed a 
quaint Army Order. It deals with the machine 
guns provided for certain Volunteer Corps, and 

mules should be 
ployed to draw tliem." " When a mule is not 
available, however," it goes on, " any intelligent 
non-commissioned officer will' do instead." There 
are several ways of calling a man an ass. 

It is stated that there is on foot a project to 
amalgamate three Scottish whisky distilleries. 
Mr. John Devvar has informed a newspaper re- 
presentative that he does not anticipate any 
increase in price so far as the consumer is con- 
cerned. There was sufficient whisky in Scotland, 
he added, to supply the world for the next five 
years even if there was not another drop made 
during that period. 

About 5 p.m. on July 9th a jinrikislia coolie, 
of No. 3, Itchome, Yamadacho, Yokohama, was 
run over at Ogicho by a carriage belonging to 
Messrs. Durand & Co., No. 83, Yokohama, in 
which were two foreign ladies. Takemura 
Kojiro, driver of the carriage, was afterwards 
summoned to the Kolobukicho Police Station, in 
whose jurisdiction the affair occurred, and was 
ordered to pay the coolie's expenses for medical 

The Local Manager of the Hongkong and 
Shanghai Banking Corporation has received the 
following telegram from his Head Office : — 

" Subject to audit the Bank div idend for the 
half-year will probably be 30/- #5 lacs to be 
added to reserve fund. $2 lacs to be written 
off property account-. l acs to be carried 

forward to the next half year." 

The new cruiser Aniphitritc, which left Eng- 
land recently for the China Station to relieve the 
belted cruiser Orlando, now on passage home, is, 
it is understood, to proceed to the Persian Gulf 
first of all. The reason for such divergence in 
the route of this fine four-funnelled cruiser is to 
make some sort of demonstration in the Gulf, says 
an exchange. Quite recently there has been a 
display of Russian naval force in this region, one 
or two large modern cruisers having been sent 
there ; and so the visit of the AmpJiiirUe, which 
is quite as imposing a vessel as any cruiser that 
the Russian Navy possesses, is intended as a kind 
of counter demonstration. 

this autumn. Lieut -General Uyehara will take 

in January, 1899, at yen 
1901, and at yen 64,300 

6,7 10 in March 
1898, at yen 22,860 
38,160 in January, 
in January, 1902. 

The defendant admitted the above statement. 
The Judge said that some lime ago when 
defendant was declared bankrupt there existed in 
his go-down about 20 articles only and therefore | 

is estimated to be less than yen 5,000 in value, 
whereas the yield of last year amounted to 
1,600,000 kwah, representing over yen 50,000 in 
value. This year's loss in Kanagawa Prefecture 
is roughly estimated at yen 45,000. 

The pelty officers and men of the Japanese 
defendant was in a position that he could neither' cruiser Yakumo when at Wei-hai-wei on Friday, 
issue a promissory note or retire a bill of lading. | 27th June, were entertained by the petty officers 
The defendant replied that there were many ; and seamen of the Glory, Goliath, Albion, Ocean, 

more articles than indicated by the Judge, but he 
could not remember exactly. 

The Judge said that defendant's goods were 
estimated at yen 1,481.86 by an expert who 
inspected the defendant's goods, together with 
Mr. Sato Hakuai, Bankruptcy Administrator/ 
when defendant was declared bankrupt. I 

The defendant said that his own valuation of 1 
the goods must have been much higher. 

The fudge stated that the total amount of debts 
which defendant had at the time of the bankruptcy 
reached yen 114,390, including debts to the 
] longkong and Shanghai Bank and other persons. 
The defendant admitted the above and said that 

A report from the Japanese commercial agent 
at Vladivostock says that he has been requested 
by the Russian Customs Authorities there to send 
information to Japan that in future addresses on 
parcels going to Vladivostock and other places in 
Siberia shall be written in English or Russian, or 
other foreign language and not in Japanese, and 
by doing so the articles will be delivered to their 
destination without delay. The report adds that 
there have been many Japanese parcels and goods 
arriving at Vladivostock with their address in 
Japanese only, to the great annoyance of the 
Russian authorities. 

Prince Boris Vladimir and staff were entertained 
at dinner on the night of July by Mr. Hara 
Tomitaro, a rich merchant of Yokohama, who 
invited the Prince to his villa at Oimatsu-cho, 
Yokohama. The entertainment was in 'pure 
Japanese style and various interesting dances and 
one through in His 
party returned to the 
morning at a little 

ilace of entertainment. Mr. Frank Roomes, ] past 2 o'clock. On July 1 ith the Russian Prince 
master-at-arms of II. M.S. Glory, presided and' 
a very pleasant evening was spent. 

Argonaut, Alacrity, Rosario, and Miitine to a 
dinner and smoking concert. The guests, who 1 feats were successfully 
numbered 300, were met by the band of the 

Argonaut at the pier and were escorted to the 

Highness' presence. The 
Grand Hotel the followin 

The graduation ceremony at the Tokyo Scm- 
111011 Gakko, Wascda, came off successfully on 
the afternoon of July 15th in the hall of the 
institution. Dr. I latoyama, Principal, handed 
diplomas to 193 graduates. He also delivered a 

and suite left Yokohama by the 6.15 a.m. train 
for Nikko, where they will put up at the Kanaya 
Hotel. His Highness left Yokohama for America 
on July 1 6th by the Coptic. 

Business in figured 'la.'m/aye has been 
brisk in Yokohama since the beginning of 
Messrs. Corncs & Co. are reported to have been 

I une. 

speech to which a representative of the graduates conspicuous, and as might be supposed quotations 

July 19, 1902.] 

the japan weekly mail. wm\Ym-^nwnw,^mmm*z>>i 67 

are gradually rising. In Fukui, one of the 
centres of habuiaye manufacture, the weavers 
have long discontinued the manufacture of plain 
hctlutaye on account of having incurred losses, 
and are at present turning out figured habuiaye 
only. The present market prices are said to be 
yen 8.60 for six m&tnme, yen 8.40 for seven 
inomme, yen 8.20 for eight momme. The total 
quantity of figured habuiaye exported from Yoko- 
hama to China, Australia, India, France, England 
and other countries during the month of June 
amounted to 10.650 kin, representing yen 100,443 
in value. 

The Fourteenth of July was celebrated very 
quietly by the French residents, and by the major- 
ity of foreigners it passed almost unnoticed. Of 
course the chief reason for thisVas that, Monday 
being mail day for no fewer than three steamers, 
the San Francisco, Seattle and Tacoma mails, 
most people were absorbed in business. French- 
men found time, however, to pay a ceremonial 
call at the Consulate and to toast the Republic 
when tifrinjng or dining together. Also national 
flags were displayed throughout the Bluff and 
Settlement and lanterns were shown at many pre- 
mises in the evening. 


The blue-jackets belonging to Yokosuka Admi- 
ralty recently presented a pair of flower vases to 
the officers and blue -jackets of the British war- 
ship Eclipse as a token of friendship. The presents 
are said to be copper and decorated with gold 
and silver; cherry flowers and the Union Jack and 
the Rising Sun crossed together being represented 
in more than one place. The inscription is as 
follows : — " Presented to the officers and men of 
H.M S. Eclipse, on June 1st, 1902, by the blue- 
jackets of the Yokosuka Admiralty." It may be 
noted that on June 1st when a banquet was given 
by the Yokosuka blue-jackets to the members of 
the crew of the Britisli war-ships some money 
was left over and with this balance the above 
articles have been purchased and presented by 
the Japanese blue-jackets. 

Since the enforcement ol the new regulations 
for Stock Exchanges, business has been very 
dull. Commenting on this affair, the Jiji says 
that at the Tokyo Exchange there has been a loss 
of yen 50 per day since the 1st instant. To speak 
more minutely, the expenses of the Tokyo 
Exchange are about yen 250 per day as a rule 
but since the enforcement of the new rules the j 
average receipts of the Exchange did not exceed 
yen 300 daily. Subtracting from the receipts 
30.3 per cent, duty on the Exchange there remains 
a balance of yen 200. With regard to other 
Exchanges the journal publishes the following 
table showing the average business done on July 
1st this year and on the corresponding date during 
the past six years : — 

Osaka. Kyoto. Nagoya. 
Yen. Yen. Yen. 

1896 12,095 3- 2 76 3,499 

1897 14,009 5,464 2,227 

1898 7,271 5,142 935 

1899 12,974 5,017 710 

1900 17,672 5,640 618 

1901 5,6oi 2,229 258 

19 02 2 AOS 6r 3 69 

By the T. K. K. steamer America Maru will 
arrive in Yokohama the Neill-Frawley Dramatic 
Company, and local theatre-goers will be glad to 
hear that there is a prospect of at last seeing a 
good dramatic company playing upon the boards 
of the Public Hall. 'I he company numbers 21 in 
all and has been selected with great care, and on the 
lincsof the big Neill-Frawleycompaoies which have 
won such well deserved reputations in the United 
St;ites. The company will give one performance 
in Yokohama, about September 4th or 5th, stag- 
ing the popular drama " Secret Service." If the 
stay of the steamer permits, another evening 
may be spent here. From Yokohama the Com- 
pany proceeds fp Manila, and will play there 
for some months, and on its return to the 
States will open seasons at Hongkong, Shanghai 
and Yokohama, being ag^in in this port during 
April-May of 1903. The Manager, Mr. Leigh 
I). Bruckardt is at present in Yokohama. 

[KoiiF., Jut.v 3-10 ] 

It is difficult to condense into a few sentences 
this the largest and most enthusiastic meeting held 
for many years. There are now in Japan fifty- 
nine members, occupying the twelve stations, 
Sapporo, Sendai, Niigata, Maebashi, Tokyo, Kyo- 
to, Osaka, Kobe, Okayama-Tsuyama, Tottori, 
Matsuyama, Miyazaka. 

While the missionaries co-operate with the 
Japanese Christians in various ways, there is a 
clear line of separation in the general work. The 
thirty-four Kumi-ai Churches are not only self- 
supporting and self-governing, but they have their 
own self-propagating Missionary Society with an 
income of about 6,000 yen, with which they carry 
on evangelistic work in nine large cities. The 
total number of Christians connected with the 
Kumi-ai body and the twelve Mission Stations is 
10,856, and their contributions for the last year 
amounted to 33,791 yen, while the Mission spent 
only 12,144. yen. The Christians own 64 church 
buildings valued at 125,794 yen The number of 
baptized was 880, nearly double the average of 
the preceeding eight years, which shows something 
of the effec s of the Forward Movement. The 
stability of the work is partly seen from two 
memorable meetings, one the Twenty-fifth Anni- 
versary of the Naniwa Church in Osaka, which was 
the first Church in Japan that began as a self- 
supporting one ; and the twentieth anniversary of 
the Rev. T. Miyagawa's pastorate over the Osaka 
Church. He is the only man in Japan who has 
had an unbroken pastorate for this length of time 
over one Church. 

The Educational Work comprises eleven schools 
with about 1,200 scholars. Of these the largest 
is the Doshisha, of which the Hon. K. Kataoka is 
President. The acceptance of this position by 
this distinguished statesman and earnest Christian, 
marks a new era in the college. The Faculty has 
been reinforced by the addition of three Japanese 
professors who recently graduated from foreign 

Of the six Girls' Schools, the Kobe College is 
the largest, and plans are being made to build new- 
dormitories so as to accommodate 250 pupils, 
including the day scholars. 

There are four Kindergartens. The Glory 
Kindergarten in Kobe has attracted the attention 
of educators to such a degree that its graduates 
are always spoken for in advance. This year 
fourteen positions were open to the class of six 

As to Publicat ion Work there were very few 
new books and tracts. Yet the sales were enormous, 
amounting to 57,556 copies, five times the number 
of pages sold the previous year. 

One marked feature of the meetings was the 
very valuable addresses by the Rev. T. Miyaga- 
wa on " Christianity and Modern Japanese 
Thought," the Rev. S. L. Gulick on '• T 1 e 
Importance to the Missionary of Social Science "; 
and the annual sermon on " The Art of Seeing 
God," by the Rev. O. Gary. As these papers 
will doubtless appear in print, we refrain from 
outlining them here. 

The daily devotional meetings were all upon 
one subject — " The Kingdom of God." Every 
meeting was full of hope and rich in spiritual 

; thought. The usual Junior C. E. Society meeting, 
by the children of the Mission, was given on Snn- 

iday and the fame of this meeting is such that 

J even a larger number of Kobe friends than usual 

', attended it. 

1 Our Mission, being with but one exception 
composed of citizens of the Great Republic, did 
not overlook the Glorious Fourth. The children 
celebrated by burning a vast amount of gun- 

: powder all day long, and in the evening the 
Mission had a most enjoyable sociable with 
friends residing in Kobe. 

I It was a pleasure to all to receive a telegram 
from our honoured Minister, Col. Buck, to the 
effect that our application to be incorporated into 
an Association for holding Mission Property had 
been granted by the Government. Perhaps ano- 
ther should be mentioned that announced the 
birth of the twelfth grandchild to the Mission, 

and, astonishing to relate, every one of the twelve 
is a boy. 

Dr. and Mrs. Scudder, formerly members of 
this Mission, and now under appointment to 
Hawaii, were present to the delight of all their 
numerous friends, and two new members were 
welcomed — Messrs. Dunning and Bennett. One 
family and one single lady are under appointment 
in the States, and requests have been forwarded 
for two more families and four single ladies. 

Amidst all the joy and hope, there were two 
depressing factors, the lack of evangelists, and the 
fear of insufficient funds with which to carry on 
the growing work. J. H. De F. 


(By the Rev. Otis Carv.) 

2 Chron. 26.5. And he [Uzzjah] set himself to 
seek God in the days of Zechariah, who had 
understanding in the vision of God. 

The marginal readings in the Revised Yersion 
suggest two changes. The word " seeing " is pre- 
sented as an alternative for " vision." This, though 
little more than the substitution of an Anglo-Saxon 
w ord for one of Latin origin, brings out the meaning 
more clearly and with almost startling vividness. 
The other change substitutes the words " gave 
instruction " for " had understanding " — " Zechariah 
who gave instruction in the seeing of God " — leading 
us to think of the prophet as one who was not 
merely possessed of the highest kind of wisdom, 
but who was also expert, as many wise men are 
not, in imparting his knowledge unto others. 
Even though we should not regard the mar- 
ginal reading as the more correct, it is evident 
that Zech;iriah was reputed to have this skill, for 
otherwise there would have been little reason for 
mentioning him in connection with Uzziah's search 
for God. Hence, for the purpose of to-day's discourse, 
we are justified in reading the text in this suggestive 
form, " Uzziah set himself to seek God in the days 
of Zechariah, who gave instruction in the seeing of 

The time appears to have been the beginning of 
Uzziah's reign. It is an interesting picture that is 
brought before us. A young prince, sixteen years 
old, has just come to his kingdom. What thoughts 
arise in his mind ? We think of how others have 
been sobered by corning to the throne while still in 
early life, and yet of sufficient age to appieciate in 
some degree the great responsibilities that accompany 
such a position. Let us read Carlyle's description of 
the announcement to Louis XVI. and Marie Antoin- 
ette that they were at the head of the French 
nation : — " And hark ! across the Oeil-de-Boeuf, 
what sound is that; sound terrible and absolutely 
like thunder ? It is the rush of the whole court, rush- 
ing as in wager to salute the new sovereigns. Hail 
to your majesties! The Dauphin and Dauphincss 
are King and Queen ! Overpowered with many 
emotions, they two fall on their knees together, and 
with streaming tears exclaim : ' O God, guide us, 
protect us, we are too young to reign.' Too young, 
indeed ! " 

Uzziah was called to be the ruler of a people which 
belived that it had special relations to God. His 
throne was one established by Jehovah. The mind of 
a Jewish lad at such a time could not but be filled 
with : oleum thoughts cf his duty towards God and 
the nation. This would be especially true in view of 
the circumstances under which Uzziah was suddenly 
called to the Throne. His father's acts had provoked 
God's displeasure and had so alienated the' hearts of 
the people that they rose in conspiracy against the 
king, who thereupon fled from Jerusalem to one of 
his fortified cities. Thither he was pursued and slain. 
He had failed as a king of Judah. When the 
messengers came back with their intelligence, "The 
King is dead," the people of Jerusalem gathered 
about the boy Uzziah with shouts of " Long live the 
King!" for whatever dissatisfaction there had 
been with the father, there seems to have been 
unanimous consent that the son should succeed 
to the throne. In view of his father's failure, 
the boy might well be sobered at thought of 
the responsibility so suddenly thrust upon him. Re- 
cognizing God as the real Ruler and himself as but 
the viceroy, he would first of all seek his Over-Lcrd 
in order to receive needed guidance, counsel, and 

In those da) s there was a prophet indeed. To be 
sure, ue know nothing of him but what is contained 
in this one verse ; but it seems to be implied that he 
was skilful in what is here recorded as his work — 
teaching people to see God. Such a person was well 
filled to l»e Uzziah's instructor, and it was by this 
teacher that the youthful king was helped to attain 
the most important kind of knowledge. 


[July 19, 1902. 

Let us from the description that is given of the 
prophet be led to a consideration of the thought that 
the great work of the religious teacher is to help 
men to see God. 

1. This statement implies that men are able to 
see God. In other words, it is possible for men to 
have a real religion. One of the most induentia 1 
writers of the present day defines religion as " the 
personal perception of the Infinite." Replace the 
philosophical words by those of every-day life, and 
we come at once to the statement — Religion is a 
man's own seeing of God. We know that the Bible, 
using the word in a strictly physical sense, says that 
no man hath seen God at any time ; yet elsewhere it 
speaks of an experience for which it can find no 
better word than " seeing." Is it figurative language? 
Even so, we understand what is meant by it as well 
as though we should seek out some term that is not 
figurative. Perhaps it is as little metaphorical as an)' 
that could be found. Perhaps it is really less figu- 
rative language to speak of seeing God than it is to 
speak of seeing material objects. It is the spirit 
which really sees, and it is more a mystery that man's 
spirit comes into relations with mountains and trees 
and stones than that it beholds another spirit not 
itself yet in some degree like itself. The soul's real 
seeing is when it perceives eternal, spiritual 
realities, rather than when it looks on perishing 
material objects through the eye, itself material and 
about to perish. 

There is a real vision of God. This is not the 
time to consider the philosophical questions about 
whether God is knowable. Who, even though he 
himself has not perceived, can doubt that some have 
done so, when he considers the experiences of the 
saints. I do not mean merely the saints of whom 
we read in Holy Writ, nor those whom artists depict 
with halos about their brows, nor only those whose 
piety and good works have gained for them a place 
in the annals of the church ; but those whom we 
ourselves have known sufficiently well to see that 
they possessed something which came from no 
mortal source, that their eyes were fixed on the 
infinite One, that they lived and laboured and 
endured as seeing Him who is invisible ? To take 
an instance from the land in which we dwell ; who 
that saw Paul Sawayama in his latter days could 
doubt that there was before his eyes an uplifting 
vision that almost made his face to shine like that of 
the martyr Stephen when he looked up stedfastly 
into heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus 
standing on the right hand of God ? 

2. The seeing of God is an art which men may 
learn and in which they may become more and more 
expert, ever attaining unto more clearly defined 
vision. In every human being, we believe, is the 
possibility of seeing, yet how many fail to attain to 
the reality or to gain it save in a slight degree. In 
our school-books we used to read the story of " Eyes 
and No-eyes " in which, of two persons travelling the 
same road, one saw nothing of moment, while the 
other brought back a report of the many interesting- 
thing that lay all along his pathway. Each of the 
boys had organs of vision, the rays of light reflected 
from the various objects and so passing through the 
pupils of their eyes were practically alike ; yet one 
beheld nothing, while the other was delighted with 
what he saw. It is the man behind the eye who sees 
or fails to see. 

The failure to see is usually the failure to pay atten- 
tion. The physical nerves of sensation quiver with 
innumerable movements of which we are capable of 
being cognizant, but which we never notice. On a sultry 
summer day you are on a mountain side far removed 
from the abodes of men when suddenly the thought 
occurs that, if you will but stay your footsteps, there 
must be absolute silence. For a moment it seems as 
though it were so ; but one by one sounds attract 
your notice. They were audible all the time, yet 
hearing you heard them not:— the gurgle of the 
brook a few rods distant, the sound of a locomotive 
far away, the insects hovering about the flowers, the 
mill at the foot of the mountain, the shout of children 
in the distant village, the soft murmur of the breeze 
in the tree-tops. You thought there was silence, yet 
all the time the organs of hearing were tingling with 
these sounds that seem so many and distinct now that 
you are paying attention to them. All the lime since 
you entered this Church your physical eyes have seen 
many things that you have not yet perceived. Take 
this ornament behind the pulpit. Probably you had 
not noticed it before, yet now you are likely to see it 
every time your eyes turn in that direction. Those 
of you who come next Sunday will perhaps see it, 
though you never did on previous Sundays ; for now 
your attention has been drawn to it. So God is all 
about us, ever speaking, ever revealing Himself, 
though men so often fail to hear and see. Having 
ears they hear not, having eyes they see not, even 
while the heavens above them declare the glory of 
God, and the earth on which they tread is full of the 
goodness of the Lord. 

I have said that seeing is an art. As with every 
other ait, practice gives skill. A gentleman with 
whom many of us are acquainted and who is interest- 

ed in biological studies found last summer what has 
been considered an exceedingly rare animaleulum. 
Hitherto but two or three specimens, occurring in 
widely separated places, had been discovered, ('tit- 
friend, however, found several. Then, his attention 
having been aroused and practice giving skill, the 
water seemed to abound with them. Their bodies 
were so transparent that it was very difficult to point 
them out to others. Some utterly failed to see them. 
Thus, while there are men who fail to see God, there 
arc others who become expert because, to use a 
phrase that has lately been revived, they " practice 
the presence of God." Thus they see him every- 
where just as our biologist, who once had been 
as blind as others, found that the waters swarm- 
ed with that little living creature. They who learn 
the art see God in flaming star, in blooming flower, 
in microscopic insect, in the stony pages forced open 
by the geologist's hammer, in the unfolding of 
human history, in anything and everything to which 
they direct their thoughts ; seeing riot merely proofs 
of God's existence or of what we may call His lower 
attributes — omniscience, omnipotence, omnipresence 
— but seeing Him in I lis higher attributes of right- 
eousness and love, thus knowing Him as the great 

We must not think of God as seen only in the 
outer world. Sometimes those whose physical senses 
are defective have attained clear views of Him, 
Those like Laura Rudgman and Helen Keller who 
constantly sit in the vale of darkness and of silence 
may behold His face and rejoice in the light of His 
countenance. As before said, it is the soul and not 
the eye that sees. 

We must remember, too, that real seeing is some- 
thing much deeper than intellectual perception. 
There are persons who standing before a great paint- 
ing can give the mathematical terms that describe 
the curved lines ; others can talk of fore-shortening 
and chiaroscuro, and can tell whether the artist has 
used burnt sienna, or raw umber, or Vandyke 
brown. They do indeed sec many things that are 
on the canvas ; yet possibly they may not see the 
real picture so truly as another who, knowing nothing 
of external technicalities enters into the real thought 
of the painter. It may be as true ot a botanist as of 
a country bumpkin that 

" A primrose by a liver's brim 
A yellow primrose is to him, 
And it is nothing more," 

except that he can give its Latin name and dissect it 
into its various parts, while a child may see more 
clearly than he the flower itself in its beauty. It is 
not necessarily so, it ought never to be so ; but too 
often our theologies make us blind to the great 
theophany. Happy he who has both intellectual 
and spiritual vision, each helping the other. 

3. The vision of God is a transforming vision. 
Paul says (if w e follow the translation of 1881) " We 
all, with unveiled face reflecting as a mirror, the 
glory of the Lord, are transformed into the same 
image from glory to glory, even as from the Lord 
the Spirit." (2 Cor. III. 18.) The metal in the Grecian 
mirrors, which were similar to those we see in Japan, 
had no brilliancy of its own ; but when the surface 
was polished and the light fell upon it, the round 
disk was transformed into the likeness of the sun 
itself. I have wondered whether the picture in 
Paul's mind was not that of an artizan working in 
the open air where he polishes the metal and from 
time to time tests it is the sunlight. As he proceeds 
it is transformed from glory to glory, becoming at 
last so dazzlingly bright that it appears the very 
image of the sun that shines down upon it. So 
may we, dull metal in ourselves, turn towards God 
and be transformed by seeing Him. It is He Him- 
self who not only polishes the metal but, to exchange 
Paul's figure for that of Malachi, sits as a refiner 
over the silver, taking away the dross until in the 
advance from glory unto more perfect glory He sees 
His face clearly reflected in the purified metal. So 
shall we be like Him, seeing and reflecting Him as 
He is. 

4. The seeing of God is an art that to some degree 
I is capable of being taught. This instruction is in- 
j deed the chief w ork of the prophet ; for the prophet is 
I the man w ho speaks for God and God would have 
; men shown how to behold Him. 

Man's greatest intellectual need is to find God ; 
greater by far is the spiritual need. Sometimes men 
are deeply conscious of this. They cry out like Job ; 
"Oh, that I knew where I might find Him !" They 
say with Philip ; "Show us the Father and it sufficcth 
us." In the hearts of all, we may believe, is some- 
thing of this desire. Though there may not be such 
an eager thirsting after the living God as is to be 
likened to the panting of the hart after the water- 
books, though the man may deny having any desire; 
yet strange would it be if the capacity for seeing did 

J not lead to some reaching out for what is to be seen. 

i When I was coming to Japan for the first time, there 
were among thepasssengers some who gave expression 

1 to sceptical views, and old Commodore Maury, whom 
some of you may remember, said to me : " 1 very 

often hear people on my steamer sav ing, ' There is 
no God ;' but when the wind is blowing great guns, 
no such talk is ever heard." Fear may reveal to a 
man w hat is in his inmost heart, and in the deepest 
experiences of life when men long for help, comfort, 
peace, it is God whom they long to see. 

Thus the world seeks, or at least needs, instruction 
in the art of seeing God. Those who claim to be 
teachers of religion must show their fitness to tell 
others how to acquire the art. Surely they cannot be 
successful teachers of what they themselves have not 
learned. We cannot believe that the young king of 
Judah would have been much helped by Zeehariah 
unless the prophet had himself seen God. You re- 
member the story told of the German sculptor 
Dannecker, who, after working zealously for two 
years upon his statue of Christ, called to his studio a 
little girl and pointing to the completed work asked 
her, " Who is that ?" — " 1 do not know ; it must be 
some great and noble man." The artist felt that he 
had failed. A few months later he called the child 
once more and bringing her before the statue on 
which he had been working asked again, "Who is 
it?" The child looked in solemn awe upon the 
fo'rm before her ; then, with tears in her eyes, softly 
said, " Suffer little children to come unto me." The 
artist had succeeded. It was ever his firm belief 
that in those hours of study and labour he had been 
v isited by Christ Himself, and had thus been enabled 
to represent in marble the form that he had actually 
seen. When afterwards Napoleon wished him to 
make a statue of Venus for the Gallery of the Louvre 
Dannecker refused, saying : " A man who has seen 
Christ would commit sacrilege if he employed his 
skill in depicting a pagan goddess. My art is hence- 
forth a consecrated thing." fanciful though we may 
regard the Sculptor's thought that he had seen Christ 
in bodily form, shall we not believe that through his 
study of the Gospels, through prayer, and through 
meditation, he hail been enabled to see Christ in 
a deeper than a physical sense ; yes, and more 
truly than if his eyes had gazed on the body in 
which Christ's spirit once tabernacled? He had 
come to such a personal knowledge of Jesus that 
he was able to make the lifeless stone express the 
lov ing, gracious character of the Lord, and thus he 
showed to others what he himself had seen. 

Or. Bushnell once said to a friend, " I feel better 
acquainted with Jesus Christ than I do with any man 
living in Hartford." Was not that a great source of 
power to the preacher ? The man w ho has an 
acquaintance with God is the one fitted to introduce 
others to Him. 

As the seeing must be by each person for himself, 
so to a great extent must the instruction be to men 
as individuals. The idea of renov ating society in a 
mass is very popular at the present time. There is 
much truth in such a thought, but unfortunately it 
often finds expression in terms and methods that 
neglect the indiv idual. In Japan we hear consider- 
able said about Christianity as the renovator of 
society. Young men in our theological schools are 
talking about the needs of society, how they shall 
gain power to move society, and so on. Well and 
good. The country, the world, mankind as a whole, 
need to receive some powerful influence that shall 
be renovating and uplifting ; but we must remember 
that He who has dore most for society compared Him- 
self to a shepherd who, leaving the ninety and nine, 
goes to seek the one lost sheep. Some of His great- 
est discourses (as to Nicodemus and to the Woman 
of Samaria) were to audiences of one ; and His 
teaching was chiefly given to a company so small 
that He could come into close personal relations to 
each, thus giving to individuals such a view of their 
Lord and Teacher as enabled them to see in Him 
the Father also. At times He seemed almost indif- 
ferent to efforts for society ; loving more the country 
than the crowded city ; escaping from the throngs of 
Israelites into the borders of Tyre and Sidon, yet 
there speaking graciously to the Syro-Phoenician 
woman ; leaving Jerusaleum, the point from which to 
move the nation, and going to the home in Bethany 
where he gladly taught the woman who, having 
chosen the good part, sat at His feet to receive in- 
struction ; and after His ascension appearing not in 
imperial Rome, nor in commercial Corinth, nor in 
the busy cities of Asia Minor, but to one man who 
was so transformed by the vision that he spent the rest 
of his life in preaching the Gospel to the Gentiles. 

Thus, to a great extent, must it be with Christ's 
followers in their work for social betterment. The 
coming of the kingdom must be by the vision 
of the Ring. Hut society has no eyes, no soul. When 
the individuals of which it is composed behold, then 
may it at last be said to sec and to be transformed 
by the vision, even as the dark cloud is made glorious 
with the bow of promise only when tbo raindrops, 
each for itself, catch and reflect the rays ot the sun. 

There are great social movements that make it 
easier or harder for men to enter into right relations 
w ith God : but such movements start with individuals 
and their force depends upon how far individuals 
choose to yield to the influences about them. Society 
was moved on the Day of Pentecost ; but it was only 

July 19, 1902.] 



those who heeded Peter's exhortation, " Repent and 
be baptized every one of you," who came out from 
the multitudes and were numbered among the three 
thousand souls that gave permanence to the move- 
ment. Man cannot lose his personal identity in the 
general mass. There is a sense in which society 
shall be judged; yet the great judgment is when 
" everyone of us shall give account of himself to 
God " ; or, as the Japanese version strongly expresses 
it, " Warera ono ono onore no koto wo Kami ni uttou 

And now let us bring the subject a step nearer to 
ourselves. These multitudes about us in Japan, 
differing in many respects from those in the lands of 
our birth, have this in common with all mankind, 
that their spiritual natures can never be satisfied ex- 
cept as they look upward and see the Father's face. 
To some extent there is a consciousness of this need. 
Japan is a nation in search of a religion. Signs of 
this are to be seen on every hand. There is hardly a 
newspaper or magazine that does not frequently 
refer more or less directly to religious matters. The 
Japanese are too much given to thinking aloud to 
conceal that which is most constant in the human 
heart. The religious problem will not down. 
Taking, like so many subjects, a nationalistic 
form, the question is asked again and again : 
" What shall be the religion of Japan ? Many 
write and talk as though the system to be de- 
sired were one devoid of theistic and supernatural 
elements ; but perhaps a fuller perception by them 
and by us of what is implied by their search would 
show that really they are seeking God, much as they 
may shun His very name. 

You saw the statistics published last year con- 
cerning the religious views of students in higher 
institutions of learning. With much that was sad- 
dening there were some encouraging features. Of 
the 625 young men who were without religion, 491, 
or over 78 per cent, expressed a wish for it [Shukyo 
■wo motomuru kokcro art.) Only 1 4 tier cent, declar- 
ed that they were without any such desire. Why 
was Mr. Mott so enthusiastically received by the 
young men of Japan ? The Buddhists have a say- 
ing which signifies that a person cannot receive a 
doctrine unless he has an affinity for it. There 
was in the students that which had an affinity for 
the truths proclaimed by Mr. Mott, or he would not 
not have met with any such response. These 
young men may not have known the meaning 
of that unsatisfied feeling in their hearts ; but 
when the light came, they reached forth for it as do 
the plumules from a seed when the sun's rays are 
admitted into the cellar where it has been germinat- 

It is said that St. Bernard had written upon the 
walls of his cell words that we may translate, 
" Bernard, wherefore art then here ? " and often 
while engaged in his studies he would lift his eyes to 
those words which deepened his sense of respon- 
sibility to do aright that for which he had been sent 
into the world. 

My associates of the Japan Mission of the Ameri- 
can Board, does not that question of St. Bernard 
often arise in our minds ? Why are we here ? There 
are multitudes who sneer at the work in which we 
are engaged. Even among professed followers of 
Christ, there are some who have little sympathy with 
foreign missions. Many say that we are not needed 
in such a land as Japan, whose people are so 
attractive, intelligent, and progressive. Perhaps 
sometimes the doubt may momentarily arise in our 
own minds whether we have chosen well our work 
in life. Why, then, are we here ? 

The answer is involved in the simple statement 
which all can use who have any right to be here, — 
We have seen God. Not in burning bush, nor seated 
on a throne high and lifted up ; but just as truly has 
God revealed Himself to us as He did to Moses and 
Isaiah. We have seen Him and know Him as our 
Father. But with the vision comes duty. The voice 
from the burning bush bade Moses go back to Egypt. 
He before whom the seraphim cry " Holy, holy, 
holy," bade Isaiah go with his message to men of 
heavy ears and closed eyes. When the light shone 
upon Saul, he was told to go to one who should tell 
him that he was chosen to carry the Gospel to the 
nations. To us, too, has come a call to service, and 
we would not be disobedient to the heavely vision. 
We wish others to see what we have seen. We are 
not indifferent to what this nation already possesses, 
nor to the progress it is making ; but what shall 
it profit a nation if, in addition to keen wit and 
the power to make beautiful pottery or embroideries, 
it also gains railroads, extended commerce, parlia- 
ments, universities, and yet loses its own soul 
because its people are not brought to the possession 
of spiritual life ? 

Why are we here ? It is that, with all due humility 
for our own imperfect knowledge, 
struction in the art of seeing God. For this we stand 
before audiences, large or small, and tell of the 
Heavenly Father's love. For this in sabbath schools, 
Bible classes, and meetings around the ffibachi we 

the way to the mountain of vision, For this we 
issue our books and papers. For this we have our 
kindergartens and schools of various grades, believ- 
ing that all w e can do to keep pure the hearts of the 
young and to inacase their intellectual powers will 
help them to behold Him who in a thousand ways 
reveals Himself to those whose eyes are quickened 
to behold. For this we engage in works of healing 
and philanthrophy, desiring indeed to save men from 
their afflictions and sorrows, but longing most of all 
to impart that knowledge of God which will enable 
them to endure hardship and rise above all earthly 

Nothing less than the accomplishment of this can 
satisfy us. Without it we may be teachers, philan- 
thropists, social reformers, preachers ; but we are not 
prophets; we are not in the fullest sense missionaries 
— men sent forth by Christ as He was sent forth to 
declare the Father. 

Our work is not primarily to teach any particular 
set of dogmas. No description of God can take the 
place of seeing Him. Creeds have been valuable 
helps to our own sight, and we think that they may 
be of use to others ; but we care more that people 
should see what we see than that they should look 
through our glasses or describe the vision in the 
same words that v. e use. The scientist in trying to 
point out the animalculum in the water may say, 
" Do you see at that point what appears like a slight 
change in the tint of the water — a very dim purple 
hue?'' — "No, but I now see what appears like a 
faint curved line: Yes, I can trace it all around. 
Now at last 1 see." One may not detect the purple 
hue, the other may not be able to trace so clearly 
the contour ; but both are aware of the same being, 
and rejoice in each other's knowledge. So of the 
greatest as of the smallest object of man's thought, 
two persons may see in different ways and yet be- 
hold the same divine Being. 

Our aim is not to build up churches of a particular 
kind. We ourselves are not all Congregaticn- 
alists. We remember that when Mark Hopkins 
was President of the American Board he said that 
its aim was to make Christians and then leave them 
to adopt such forms of church life as they may 
find best for their spiritual development. This is 
not denying the value of creeds and forms ; it is 
only insisting that the body is more than raiment, 
and that the body itself is of less importance, than 
the soul of which it is the tabernacle. Even the 
strongest Congregationalist among us will not greatly 
mourn if the churches growing up in connection with 
our work adopt methods unlike those of Congrega- 
tionalists in America, provided these methods help 
the Japanese to see God more clearly. We care but 
little whether reflecting or refracting telescopes be 
used, so long as they enable men to look on the sun. 

Why are we here? Not for the exaltation of any 
denomination, society, or school of thought ; least of 
all for our own glory. Much as we should be glad 
to see the Board that sends us forth crowned with 
new laurels, pleasant though it would be to know 
that we had won the esteem and love of those among 
whom we labour ; we can be satisfied if we are as 
lightly esteemed as was the Samaritan woman by the 
men of the city when they said to the one who had 
told of the Prophet, " Now we believe, not because 
of thy saying ; for we have heard him ourselves." 
Enough for us if the Japanese will hear and see 
for themselves so that they may say with Job, 
" I have heard of Thee by the hearing of the 
ear ; but now mine eye seeth Thee." Oh, for clear- 
ness of vision that we ourselves may sec Him more 
perfectly : Oh, for power so to tell of our God that 
others may desire to behold Him ! 

Who is the man that shall see the Lord ; 
And who shall behold the King in His glory ? 
He who hath a pure heart, 

And whose soul hath been cleansed from iniquity ; 
To him shall the Lord unveil His face, 
On him shall our God lift up the light of His 

Come, let us seek after the Lord that we may behold 

That we may know Him who is the God of our 
Open Thou our eyes, O God, 
Grant us that holiness without which no man can 

see the Lord. 
Hide not Thy face from us, 
Let not the clouds come betwixt us and Thee. 
Then shall we teach others that they also may 

That they with us may know, even as also we are 


The Roman Catholic " Society for the Propaga- 
tion of the Faith" has recently issued from Balti- 
more an interesting history of its work, bearing the 
imprimatur of Cardinal Gibbons, says die J.iterary 
Digest. This society, as is explained in the report, 
should not be confounded with the " Roman Con- 
gregation for the Propagation of the Faith," which is 
a department of the general administration of the 
church, established in 1622. The society "takes no 
part in selecting missionaries nor in appointing them 
their field of work, nor in training them for it," and 
it does not concern itself with the interior administra- 
tion of missions. Its aim is " to support mission- 
aries who are chosen, trained, and sent forth on their 
mission by the usual authorities of the church." 

The enterprise has grown out of very humble 
beginnings. Its organization, which was effected in 
Lyons in 1822, was due in no small measure to the 
influence of Bishop Dubourg, of New Orleans. Only 
twelve persons were present at the first meeting of 
the Society, and the receipts for the first year 
amounted to about four thousand dollars. Soon 
after its foundation a central council was established 
in Paris, and words of encouragement were received 
from nearly three hundred bishops in different 
countries. Finally, Pope Gregory XVI. published an 
encyclical in the year 1840, recommending the Society 
to all churches and placing it in the rank of " univer- 
sal Christian institutions." 

The following table shows the contributions made 
from 1822 to 1900, and gives some idea of the re- 
markable financial support that the Society has 
received : — 

1822 France, French Colonies $42,076,905.00 

1825 Belgium 3,701,140.00 

1827 Germany and Austria 5,862,666.00 

1827 Italy 5,260,135.00 

1827 Switzerland 775,457.00 

1S27 Balkan States 287,943.00 

1833 United States 1,120,421.00 

1833 Canada, Mexico, West Indies ... 1,143,476.00 

1833 Great Britain and Ireland 2,301,764.00 

1837 Holland 1,167,634.00 

1837 Portugal 445,371.00 

1837 Russia, Poland 68,754.00 

1839 Spain 523,608.00 

1840 Central and South America 515,706.00 

1843 Oceania 85,875.00 

1848 Asia 74,068.00 

1857 Africa 256,536.00 

Countries not named 22,558.00 

Anent the recent falling-off in the price of 
Japanese bonds on the London market, the A said 
we may give in- says t ] iat jjjj g wag chiefly owing to transactions 
in water works-bonds lately effected between 
Messrs. Samuel Samuel and Co., and the Yoko- 
hama Water Works office at a remarkably low 

teach this Book which is a lamp to the feet, showing price. 

Total $65 ,690,0 1 7 .00 

The money collected was distributed as follows : — 

America $ 9,973,916.00 

Europe , 9,799,854.00 

> sia 25,932,446.00 

Africa 8,815,953.00 

Oceania 6,011,630.00 

Special gifts sent to missions as direct- 
ed by the donors, transportation, 
and travelling expenses of mis- 
sionaries, publications, and man- 
agement of the Society 5,156,218.00 


The total sum given to the cause of missions in 
the United States during the same period was 
#5'So7,393, though the receipts from this country 
have been only $1,120,420. 

The missions now assisted number several hund- 
red. Those in the United States are chiefly among 
the Indians, and Asia has a greater number than any 
other continent. Regarding the number of mission- 
aries in the field, the report says : 

" We may safely assert that there are at least 
15,000 priests and religious, 5,000 teaching brothers, 
and 45,000 sisters labouring as missionaries, not to 
speak of the priests, brothers, and sisters native to 
the regions where they work, catechists and others 
who make up the personnel of a mission, and the 
labourers among the Oriental Rites. Probably 
the estimate is much too small, but be it so. 
At the lowest computation there are, at the 
opening of the twentieth century, about sixty-five 
thousand missionaries ; sixty-five thousand men and 
women who have left their country, their brothers 
and sisters, houses and lands, and all the blessings 
they hold most dear in this world, to bring the still 
greater blessing of the faith to those who are as yet 
deprived of it. Assuredly it is an astonishing num- 
ber, which may well rejoice our hearts ; and all the 
more because a century ago those missionaries 
scarcely numbered one thousand, all told. 

" Sixty-five thousand missionaries is a noble army ; 
but what victories are yet to be won ! Almost fifteen 
hundred millions of human beings inhabit the earth ; 
and only about four hundred millions are baptized 
Christians. The immense majority of more than a 
thousand millions have not yet acknowledged Christ, 
and are divided among the many sects of Buddhism, 
Mohammedanism, Fetichism, and infidelity." 

7o H»tf3t4p3;|1»B*38«W&BT9 THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 

[July 19, 1902. 


Report of the Directors to be submitted at the 
Twenty-sixth Semi-Annual Ordinary General Meet- 
in;' of Shareholders, to be held at the Grand I totel, 
Yokohama, on Monday, the 2Sth day of July, 1902. 

The Proft and Loss Account, and Statement (if 
Assets and Liabilities, for the half year ended June 
30th, 1902, accompany this Report. 

The net profit for the half year, includ- 
ing balance brought forward from Decem- 
ber 31st, 1901, and after providing for 
general expenses, Directors' and Auditor's 
fees, bonus to Manager, and Sundry 
Creditors, and after writing off bad or Yen. 

doubtful debts, amounts to 59,048.85 

which it is proposed to apply as follows :— 

In payment of a dividend of yen 9.00 
per share for the half year 22,500.00 

For Depreciation 15,120.98 

Carried forward to new account 21,427.87 

It is proposed that the dividend shall be payable 
on the 29th day of July, when warrants will be 

C. H. H. HA. ..... } Directors . 

Marshall Martin, J 

Yokohama, 12th July, 1902. 

Statement op Assets and Liabilities on 30TH 
June, 1902. 


Capital 2.500 Shares at yen 100 250,000.00 

Sundry Creditors 14,875.34 

Debentures j 0,000.00 

Kurumaya Security Fund 200.C0 

Unclaimed Dividends 646.04 

Hongkong and Shanghai Bank 12,701.85 

Profit and loss account 59,048.85 




Cash in hand 

Fire Insurance 

Value of running policies f 

Ground (Estimated Value, Oct., 1897, yen 


Buildings (Estimated Value, Oct., 1897 

yen 170,000) 

Furniture (Estimated Value, Oct., 1897, 

yen, 53.90°) 

Electric light Plant 

Steam Launch 

Wines in slock 

Provisions in stock 

Cigars and Cigarettes in stock 

General stock 

Sundry debtors 

New Buildings accounts 

6.9. 12 



1 1,162.15 

Report of Directors. 

The Directors beg to lay before the Shareholders 
a Statement of the Company's Accounts for the six 
months ended 30th June, 1902. 

The Receipts show a decrease of yen 18,155.00 
from tlio-.e of the corresponding period of 1901, 
owing to the generally depressed stale of business in 
Nagasaki, particularly during the first three months 
of the current year. 

It will be noticed that in consequence of the fall in 
silver e (Change the Investment Account has depre- 
ciated to the extent of yen 2,375. 

The property of the Company has been well 
maintained and is in excellent condition. 

Mr. A. L. Jordan having resigned from the posi- 
tion of Director on leaving the port, the vacancy was 
offered to Dr. R. L Howie, who having accepted 

same the appointment requires confirmation by the 

During the absence of Mr. J. M. Dow through ill- 
health, the accounts have been audited by Mr. W. 
M. Wood at the Directors' request. 

ROBT. 1. BOWIE, J tv 
E. A. Mkasok. i Direcl » rs - 
Nagasaki, 8th July, 1902. 

Balance Sheet to 30111 June, 1902. 


To Capital 130,000.00 

,, Debentures, 1st Issue 170,000.00 

„ ,, 2nd Issue 93,000.00 

,, Sundry Creditors 7,928.78 

,, Profit and 1 oss 1,423.16 


Profit and Loss Account on 30TH June, 1902. 

Dr. Yen. 

To Insurance Account 3,789.16 

To General Expenses 32,324.39 

To Directors' and Auditor's Fees 1,400.00 

To Bonus to Manager 1 1,000.00 

To Taxes Account 2,707. 1 1 

To Interest Account 1,033.50 

To Balance available for division : 

yen 59,048.85 
To be dealt with as under : — Yen. 
Dividend at yen 9 per share. 22,500.00 

Written off Furniture 15,120.98 

Carried forward to new Ac- 
count 21,427. S7 59,048.85 

assets. Yen. 

By Ground 54,250.00 

,', Building 194,102.86 

„ Furniture 79,328.42 

,, Electric Light Plant 28,531.96 

„ Refrigerating Plant 5,007.42 

,, Stock on Hand 17,524.31 

,, Repairs and Renewals 1,454.64 

,, Fire Insurance 1,170.88 

„ Land Rent 34 2 -43 

„ Sundry Deblers 4,002.61 

,, Investment Account 12,000.00 

„ Cash in Hand 375-oo 

,, Holme Ringer & Co. Current Account. 4,261.41 

In "A Short History of Coins and Currency," 
contributed to the " Home and School Library " 
(J. Murray), Lord Avebury tells an interesting 
story of the development of the British money 
and monetary system, which is made yet more 
attractive by numerous photographic illustrations. 
Barter, of course, was .lie earliest method of doing 
business, and the Chinese appear to have first 
devised a metallic equivalent, by making, about 
twelve centuries B.C., metal models of common 
objects, such as pieces of cloth and knives, the 
latter being really the ancestor of the coin still 
current under the name of Cash. The earliest 
Creek money, about twenty-six centuries old, 
was a small stamped ingot rather than a true coin, 
and Lord Avebury shows us the gradual develop- 
ment into those exquisite medals which were 
struck about 400 B.C. The oldest British coins, 
after a time superseded by Roman money, were 
rude copies of Greek models. For the first silver 
{jennies, struck by Offa, those of Pepin served as 
patterns, 240 going to a Saxon pound of silver. 
Pounds, shilling, and pence were then in use, 
though the second, until the reign of Henry VII., 
was only a money of account. John first struck 
a silver halfpenny, Edward III. the groat or 
fourpenny piece, and Henry III. a gold penny, 
but this metal was not restored to general use till 
Edward III. Then florins, current for 6s., and 
afterwards nobles, valued at 6s. 8d., were struck, 
with their halves and quarters. The sovereign 
was first coined by Henry VII., and the guinea 
by Charles II. A copper farthing of James 
I. first gave the baser metals a place in the regular 
coinage. Milled, as distinguished from hammer- 
ed, money was introduced by Elizabeth, but coins 
of modern aspect were first struck by Oliver 
Cromwell. An interesting sketch of the origin 
of banknotes and banking the former in the 
present sense of the term, dating from 1694 (the 
foundation of the Bank of England) concludes a 
very attractive and useful little book. 



Working Account from January ist to 
June 30TH, 1902. 

To General Expenses, including Wines Yen. 

and Stores 44,316.33 

„ Profit carried forward to Profit and 

Loss Account 4,476.47 



By Ralance brought forward from 31st, 

December, rooi 4,83707 

By Transferred from Working Account... 95,142.76 

By Balance of Rent Account 9'4.5S 

By Share Transfer Fees 14.00 

By Share Warrant Fees .50 

By Sale of Old Material 394-13 

Yokohama. June 30th, 1902. 



By Gross Receipts 




Profit and Loss Account for the Six Months 

ENDING 30TII JUNli, l8o2. 


To Fire Insurance 1,000.39 

„ Land Rent 226.74 

,, Directors' Fees 375 - 00 

„ Auditors' Fees 150.00 

,, Taxes Account 1,158.91 

,, Investment Account 2,375.00 

„ Balance 1,423.16 

Cr. Yen. 
By Balance brought forward from Decem- 
ber 31st, 190. 1,790.36 

„ Dividend on Hongkong and Shanghai 

Bank Shares 44 2 -37 

,, Profit on Working Account 4,476.47 


Marshall Martin, J ~. 

M. Kalfuann, ["'rectors. 

I have examined the foregoing accounts and 
compared them with the vouchers of the Company, 
and certify them to be in accordance therewith. 

J. F. Cox EDWAJtPS, Auditor. 

Yokohama, July lith. 1902. 


E. & 0. E. 
Robt. I. Bowie, ) 
E. A. Mkasor, j 
Nagasaki, June 30th, 1902. 

1 hereby certify that 1 have examined the foregoing 
Accounts and 1 ompared them with the Books; Bank 
1 Pass Book, and Vouchers of the Company, and find 
them to be correct. 

W. M. Wood. 


Nagasaki, 8th July, 1902. 

London, June 25. 
The London Gazette contains the list of Coronation 

Peerages are conferred on the Right Flon. Win, 
Jackson, Conservative member of Parliament for 
North Leeds, and former Chief Secretary for Ireland, 
the Ri^ht Hon. Sir Ughtred James Kay Shuttleworth, 
Bart., Liberal member of parliament for the Clitheroe 
division of Lancashire, and an educational reformer ; 
Sir Francis Knollys, private secretary to King Ed- 
ward ; Arther Hugh Smith Barry, chairman of the 
National Union of Conservative associations ; Gen. 
Sir Francis Grenfell, Governor of Malta ; Algernon 
Bertram Mitford, the diplomat and trustee of the 
Wallace collection. 

The Earl of Minto, Governor-General of Canada ; 
Lord Rothschild, Lord Lister, Lord Kelvin, Sir Ed- 
ward Greer, Liberal, former Under-Secretary of State 
for Foreign Affairs ; Sir Ernest Cassel, the merchant 
and financier; and Lt. -Col Sir Albert Henry Hime, 
Prime Minister of Natal, are made privy councillors. 

Sir George Henry Lewis, the well-known lawyer ; 
the Lord Mayor, Sir Joseph Dimsdale ; Sir Andrew 
Noble, Vice-Chairman of Sir W. C. Armstrong 
Whitworth & Co. ; Col. Sir Edward Bradford, the 
commissioner of police of London ; Sir Francis 
Henry Evans, Liberal member of parliament and 
partner in the firm of Donald, Currie & Co. ; Sir 
Francis Henry Laking, physician-in-ordinary to the 
King; Sir Edward Poynter, President of the Royal 
Academy, and Sir Charles Hubert Parry, director of 
the Royal College of Music, are created baronets. 

Chas. Wyndham, the actor. Oliver Joseph Lodge, 
Principal of the University of Birmingham ; William 
Jameson Soulsby, private secretary to the Lord 
Mayor of London ; Hon. Henri E. Taschereau, a 
Puisne Judge of Canada ; John Isaac Thornycroft, 
Vice-president of the Institute of Naval Architecture ; 
Hon. Robert Boak, 1 'resident of the Legislative 
Council of Nova Scotia, and E. D. Shaw, of New- 
foundland, are made knights. 

The Right Hon. Sir Francis Jeune, Judge Advo- 
cate-general ; Right Hon. Sir Dighton Probyn, 
Keeper of the Privy Purse and extra equerry of the 
King; lion. Bernard Sieric Barrington, private 
secretary to Lord Lansdowne ; Clinton Edward 
Hawkins, a partner in the fum of Messrs. J. S. 
Morgan «.\: Co.. and Sir William Selby Church, 
president of the Royal College of Physicians, are 
made Knights Commander of the Lath. 

July 19, 1902.] 

THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. «»*3t¥H^#B3SSHfiSl51E!ft2ZitJ 7r 

Dr. A. Conan Doyle, the novelist : Gilbert Parker, 
the novelist ; Francis C. Burn and, the editor of Punch, 
and Leslie Stephen, President of the Ethnical Society, 
are made knights. 

Sir Robert Bond, Premier of Newfoundland, is 
made a privy councillor. 

Sir Frederick Treves, surgeon to the King, and Sir 
Thomas Leighton, are created baronets. 

The Order of the Garter is bestowed on the Duke 
of Wellington and the Duke of Sutherland. 

The Duke of Roxburghe and the Earl of Hadding- 
ton are made Knights of the Thistle. 

The Earl of Enniskillen and Barun De Ros become 
Knights of St. Patrick. 

The Earl of Hopetoun, Governor-general of the 
Commonwealth of Australia, who recently resigned, 
is raised to a Marquisate. 

Lord Milner is raised to the rank of Viscount. 

The King has instituted a new Order of Merit, to 
which he has appointed Lord Wolseley, Lord Roberts, 
Lord Kitchener, Lord Kelvin, Lord Lister, the Right 
Honorable John Morley, the Liberal statesman, and 
George Watts, the Royal Academician. 

His Majesty has also instituted a new order for 
civil servants, entitled the Imperial Service Order. 

Lord Rayleigh, Professor of Natural Philosophy in 
the Royal Institution ; Right Hon. Wm. Edward 
Leckey, member of parliament for Dublin University, 
and Admiral Sir Edward Hobart Seymour, who 
commanded the forces engaged in the first inter- 
national attempt to relieve Peking in 1900, are 
appointed to the new Order of Merit. 


(Reuter's Service to the " Japan Mail.") 


London, July 10. 

The efforts made by Mr. John Hay, U.S. 
Secretary of State, in accordance with the 
recent appeal of China that America should 
use good offices to secure the evacuation of 
Tientsin, have proved successful. The for- 
eign generals will receive instructions to 
evacuate the city. 


July 1 1 . 

A fresh eruption took place on the evening 
of yesterday, lasting for four hours, and the 
population of Fort de France is in a panic. 
Fears are felt for the safety of a British 
scientific mission. 

The Lancet says the King's general 
health is satisfactory. The wound is granu- 
lating slowly and well. 


London, July 1 1. 
The Lancet says that " in view of the 
cruel rumours now prevalent, it is our duty 
to say in the clearest possible manner that 
the King is free from cancer." 

The Prince and Princess of Wales held a 
brilliant reception at St. James' Palace on the 
10th inst. Nine hundred colonial visitors 
were present. 


London, July 12. 
No formal invitations to the Coronation 
will be sent to foreign courts. 

The King is improving in every respect. 

The British scientific mission to Fort de 
France is safe. 

Ix>ndon, July 12. 
It has been officially announced that the 
Coronation will be held on a day between 
the 8th and the 12th of August. The pro 
cession that was to have been held on the 
day following the Coronation has been can- 

On Tuesday last the number of Boers who 
had surrendered totalled 20,000. 


London, July 13. 
Lord Salisbury resigned office on Friday. 
Mr. A. J. Balfour has been appointed 

The King is making excellent progress. 
Bulletins will henceforth be issued only on 
alternate days. 
The steamer Orotava arrived at South- 
ampton yesterday morning but Viscount 
Kitchener, General French, General Hamilton 
and staff" were alone allowed to land on 
account of a case of small-pox on board. 
These Generals were received with a storm 
of cheers. 

The Mayor of Southampton welcomed 
them and presented them with the freedom 
of the city. 

The Prince of Wales greeted them warmly 
at Paddington Station (London) and then 
drove them to St. James' Palace to luncheon. 
The Queen viewed the brilliant procession 
from the balcony of Buckingham Palace. 
The route through Hyde Park was lined by 
Indians and Colonials. 

Viscount Kitchener afterwards visited the 
King and Queen. 

An outburst of flames at Mont Pelee, on 
Wednesday night, set fire to the ruins of St. 
Pierre. Simultaneously there was renewed 
activity at the Souffriere in St. Vincent. 
There was another eruption of Mont Pelee 
on the 1 ith inst. 


London, July 14. 
The King, who was on his couch, received 
Viscount Kitchener in the warmest manner 
and offered him his personal thanks for his 
services. His Majesty also handed the 
General the decoration of the new Order of 

Louis Botha, interviewed, says that he 
believes that if justly treated the Boers will 
speedily settle down. 

Prince Mertscherski has been sent to in- 
vestigate the disturbances and grievances in 
Kharkhoff, Kamerinoslav and Poltava. 


The King embarks in his yacht to-morrow 
and proceeds to Cowcs, where the vessel 
will moor. 


Mr. Chamberlain is progressing satisfac- 


London, July 15. 
The famous campanile of St. Mark, at 
Venice, fell in ruins this morning. There 
were sudden signs of decay yesterday. 
A crowded meeting of Unionists has been 
held at the Foreign Office. Mr. Balfour 
was enthusiastically cheered. 


London, July 14. 
Sir Michael Hicks-Beach, Chancellor of 
the Exchequer, has resigned. 

London, July 15. 
It is probable that Sir Michael Hicks- 
Beach will consent to remain in office till 
the autumn session. 


The King, at Friday's audience, conferred 
on Lord Salisbury the Grand Cross of the 
Victorian Order, the star of which was set 
in brilliants. 

Mr. A. J. Balfour had audience of the 
King this afternoon and was appointed Lord 
Keeper of the Privy Seal (the office just 
relinquished by Lord Salisbury). 


London, July 16. 
The King and Queen were conveyed from 
Victoria Station, London, to Portsmouth 
yesterday, where they arrived at 47 minutes 
past 1. The King was conveyed on board 
his yacht, which then proceeded to Cowes. 
He bore the journey without being fatigued. 
He was greatly pleased with the change. 


Sir Marcus Samuel has been nominated 
(by the Court of Aldermen and the Common 
Council) Lord Mayor-Elect of the city of 


London, July 16. 
The Duke of Devonshire, speaking in the 
House of Lords, said that Lord Salisbury 
desired him to undertake the leadership of 
the party in the House of Lords. 

The Czar and the King of Italy have re- 
viewed 38,800 troops at Tsar-selo, the Czar 
leading his own regiments past the King. 


London, July 17. 
Mr. Chamberlain is progressing favour- 

Lord Cranborne, speaking in the Plouse 
of Commons, said that Sir Ernest Satow 
will report shortly on the whole question 
relating to the French position in the Inter- 
national Settlement at Shanghai. 

(Received at the Legation of France.) 

Saigon, July 10. 
The Chamber of Deputies has adopted the 
proposition for the conversion of the 3^2 
per cents into 3 per cents. 

The Prince Royal of Siam has arrived 
in Paris, where he was received officially. 
He visited President Loubet, to whom he 
declared that the good relations between 
France and Siam would become more 
and more intimate, and that nothing could 
disturb them. The President in reply re- 
ciprocated these wishes, and he subsequently 
returned the Prince's visit. 


Saigon, July it. 
The Senate has voted the direct contribu- 
tion and the conversion of the 3^ per cents. 

Saigon, July 12. 
The Senate has adopted the proposal 
relating to peppers coming from Indo-China. 
The election of M. Deloncle as Deputy 
for Cochin-China has been confirmed. 

M. Dubail, at present Minister of France 
in Tokyo, replaces M. Beau at Peking. 

Saigon, July 15. 
New and violent eruptions have taken 
place at Mont Pelee. There are no victims. 

-j2 WHiitk¥^HnBfm^miimsj TIIK japan wkkklv mail. 

IJuly 19, 1902. 

The King of Italy arrived yesterday at 
Peterhof to pay a visit to the Czar. 

(Received at the Foreign Office in Tokyo.) 
Mr. Oyania, Japanese Representative in 
Rome, telegraphs under date of the nth 
instant that the crop of silk this year in 
Italy is inferior to that of last year. The 
present price per kilogram is 3.43 lira and 
the tendency is upward. The best quality 
commands 4 lira per kilo. 

(Received in Tokyo.) 

The principal changes made in the condi- 
tions relating to the restoration of Tientsin 
are that whereas the former protocol forbade 
the posting of Chinese troops within 35 
kilometres of the city, that distance is now 
altered to twenty li (Chinese) ; and the veto 
that no troops must be posted within 30 
kilometers along the Peking-Shanhaikwan 
road, is altered to 2 miles (English). There 
are other minor alterations. It is expected 
that the Chinese will soon accept this pro- 
tocol and that the restoration will be effected. 

A telegram received in Tokyo says that the 
officer commanding in Shingking recently 
obtained 8000 rounds of ammunition from 
the Russians, and equipped a force which 
he despatched against the insurgents in 
Tung-hwa-hien. The troops were waylaid 
and driven back with the loss of all the 
ammunition. It is expected that the rising 
is of no consequence and that it will be 
quickly quelled. 

The Coronation will probably take place within 
four weeks from now. 

The cotton spinners of Lancashire have re- 
duced working hours by two-thirds. 

Mont Pelee in Martinique again became active 

" ZOO." 

London, July 14. 

A garden party was held at the Botanical 
Gardens in Regent Park to-day in honour of Ad- 
miral ljuin, Commander-in-Chief of the Japanese 
Coronation Squadron, and the officers belonging 
to the Asama and Takasago, The function was 
largely attended. 


Lord Salishury has resigned office and Mr. A. 
J. Balfour is appointed Premier. The British 
House of Commons received the news with 

Sir Michael Hicks-Beach, Chancellor of the 
Exchequer, has resigned. 


The campanile of St. Mark's at Venice, Italy, 
has collapsed and some persons were crushed to 
death. The citizens of Venice are much grieved 
by the loss of the tower. 


London, July 15. 
The King has kft London for the Solent where 
His Majesty embarked in the royal yacht. He 
was in excellent spirits. during the trip. 

The Japanese warship Asama and Takasago 
have decided to remain in England to take part 
in the Coronation naval review to be held at 
Spithead in the beginning of August. 

(From the "Jiji Shim 1*0.") 

London, July 10. 
A Committee appointed by the British Ad- 
miralty in its report says there are many 
disadvantages in connection with watertuhe 
boilers, and recommends the adoption of cylind 
rical boilers for general use. 

The Queen of England has opened a bazaar 
for the benefit of children's charity hospitals. 
Owing to the successful efforts of the American 
Government with regard to the transference of 
the Tientsin administration, only minor points 
now remain to be solved before the final 


London, July 1 1. 
The Fall hfall Gazette slates that Mr. Picrpont 
Morgan has accomplished a friendly union with 
the Japan-American Steamship Companies on the 
Atlantic with a view to avoiding a lowering of 
freights in the future. The British-( Jerman 
Steamship Companies will also join the union. 
As to France, it still remains unknown what 
course her steamship lines will take. 


The Lancashire Cotton Spinners' Union was 
organized to-day. They propose to curtail the 


London, July 12. 
Viscount Kitchener has arrived in London and 
been welcomed with great enthusiasm. Members 
of the Headquarters Staff and other high officers 
assembled to welcome him on his return, as 
also did various Princes and principal person- 
ages from India. The Prince of Wales, in place 
of King Edward, welcomed the Viscount and 
invited him to a banquet in St. James Palace. 
The King's condition is gradually improving. 



Tin: " Japan Herald 

London, July 10. 
A Russian Edict excludes Russian Jews from 
Manchuria. It admits foreign Jews only when 
their national passports are supplemented by per- 
mits from the Russian Ministers for Foreign 
Affairs. Finance and the Interior. 

The Cossack settlements along the Manchurian 
railway are receiving free grants of land, with 
exemption from taxes for twenty years. 


London, July 10. 
It is expected that the coronation will take 
place in August. 


London, July 1 r. 
It is expected that the coronation will take 
place on August 9th. 


London, July 12. . 
Regarding the negotiations between the United 
States and the Vatican concerning the Friar's lands, 
it appears that the trouble relates to Art. 9 of the 
treaty with Spain, preventing the Friars from being 
ousted from the Islands. 

Prince Komatsu .has visited San Sebastian, 
taking with him the Order of the Chrysanthemum 
for presentation to King Alfonso. 

M. Waldeck-Rousseau, the French ex-Premier, 
and the Kaiser have exchanged visits at Odde (?). 

London, July 14. 
Sir Michael Flicks-Beach, Chancellor of the 
Exchequer, has resigned, and other changes are 

Mr. Chamberlain Colonial Secretary, has sent a 
message to a meeting of the party, highly eulogis- 
ing Mr. Balfour's services and assuring the new 
Premier Of the loyal support of himself and the 
party to which he belongs in the House of 

Marcus island. 

A New York despatch states that the United 
States Government has granted a title to Marcus 
Island (south-east of the Bonin Islands) to Capt. 
Rosehill, who organised an expedition to take 
pos ession. I >n arrival of the transport Sheridan 
at San Francisco it was reported that the expedi- 
tion had been stopped, the Captain reporting that 
he touched at Marcus Island, but that the Japanese 
soldiers ordered him off. The officer command- 
ing showed the Government orders to take 
possession. Secretary of State Hay has cabled 
to the U.S. Minister in Tokyo to report. 

[The foregoing message is obscure in several places 
in the original, and it is uncertain, anions other 
things, whether the words " officer commanding " 
refer to the American expedition or to the Japanese 
troops. — Ed. /-//J 

(From the " Deutsche Japaniost.") 

Berlin, July 10. 
The German Emperor started to-day on his annual 
trip to Norway. 


The leader of the northern party in Haiti lias been 
proclaimed President of the republic. 


The St. Petersbnrg Telegraph Agency wires that 
the evacuation of Manchuria by the Russian troops 
has not yet commenced. 


Berlin, July 1 2. 

The Foreign Ministers in China have come to an 
agreement about the conditions concerning the 
evacuation of Tientsin by the foreign troops, the 
German Minister also assenting. 


The plague at Constantinople is extinguished. 

In the neighbourhood of Fort de France (Marti- 
nique) new volcanic eruptions have taken place. 
The town is in great danger. 


The report stating that Macao had been sold to 
Germany is unfounded. 

In Pennsylvania a great mining accident has 
occurred : 300 men arc missing. 


Berlin, July 15. 
The famous campanile of St. Mark's at Venice has 
collapsed. Fortunately there are no fatalities. 

The King of Italy has been received by the Tsar 
at St. Petersburg with great splendour and cordiality. 

Berlin, July 16. 
The whole German press speaks most sympatheti- 
cally about Balfour's being appointed Minister of 
Foreign Affairs (? Prime Minister ; Lord Lansdowne 
is Foreign Secretary.) 

During the military review held on the Champs 
Elysees at Paris on the 14th instant in honour of the 
national festival, hundreds of men were sunstruck. 

(From the "N.-C. Daily News.") 
London, via Bombay, July 1 1. 
In a debate in the House of Lords on certain inci- 
dents that had taken place at Sandhurst, Lord Roberts 
defended the punishments that had been inflicted on 
the military students, and said there had been a 
scries of misdemeanours showing a relaxed state of 
discipline, which necessitated measures to put an 
end to an intolerable state of affairs, but he promised 
to examine individual cases. 

(From the " China Mail.") 

Singapore, July 7. 
On Saturday, about midnight, a Frenchman en- 
gaged a ricksha to go to the Docks, and, it is alleged, 
murdered the ricksha puller. The Frenchman has 
been arrested. 

(From the ft SHANGHAI Mercury.") 

Manila, June 12. 
The Vatican in replying to Governor Taft's pro- 
posals with regard to the disposal of the Friars' lands, 
refuses to recall the priests within the period fixed by 
Gov. Taft, declaring that such a recall would be un- 
justified and contrary to the stipulations of the 
Treaty of Paris, and would be placing the Holy 
See in conflict with Spain. The Vatican, however, 
promises to introduce clergy of other nationalities 
into the islands and agrees to the sale of the 
Ecclesiastical lands. 

July 19, 1902.] 


ffrti-xif-H/j ft n tfzffiRmm*s 73 

(From the " Ostasiatische Li.ovd.") 

Berlin, July 10. 
An insurrection of the natives is reported to have 
taken place on the frontier of Basutolanfl. 

H.H. the Duchess Friederike of Anhalt, the widow 
of the last member of the house of Anhalt-Bernburg, 
died at Ballenstedt aged 91 years. 


The following telegrams from the Shanghai 
Mercury and A'.-C. Daily News describe the sad 
affair at Chefoo, already biielly reported : — 

Chefoo, July 8, 9.15 a.m. 

Ten schoolboys belonging to the China Inland 
Mission School at this port have died of ptomaine 
poisoning. It appears that one of the courses served 
to the boys and teachers at the school at tiffin on 
Sunday was chicken pie. There were several pies 
cooked and one of them was evidently bad. A 
number of the boys were taken ill afterwards, and it 
was thought that cholera had broken out in the 
school, but it turned out to be ptomaine poisoning, 
and as soon as it was found out proper remedies 
were applied. Ths names of the poor little fellows 
who succumbed are as follows : — 

Gershom Broomhall, son of Mr. and Mrs. A. Hud- 
son Broomhall of the China Inland Mission, home 
on leave. 

Ellsworth R. Fitch, son of Rev. J. A. Fitch, Ame- 
rican Presbyterian Mission, Weihsien. 

Nicholas Gray, the son of a Russian merchant in 
Japan. He has a brother at the school. 

Marit Sandstedt, son of Mr. E. W. Sandstedt, 
captain of the CM. S.N. Co. hulk at Hankow. 

Stewart Kay, youngest son of the late Mr. and 
Mrs. Duncan Kay, who were massacred in Shensi 
during the late troubles. 

Norman Gray Owen, son of Mr. and Mrs. Owen 
of the China Inland Mission. 

Norman Whitfield, the only son of Mr. and Mrs. 
Whitfield, late of Messrs. Liddell Bros. The father 
has been home some time and the mother left for 
home lately. 

Howard Fishe, the youngest son of Mr. C. T. Fishe, 
of the China Inland Mission. 

Claude Hartwell, son of Rev. J. B. Hartwell, D.D., 
American Southern Baptist Mission, Tengchowfn, 
near Chefoo. 

Herbert Parry, son of Dr. H. Parry, China Inland 

There are two other boys who are stil! seriously 
ill, viz :— 

Hugh Gray Owen and Frank Parry, brothers of 
the boys mentioned above. 


Chefoo, 1 p.m. 

Two more deaths have taken place at the school 
through poisoning. They are 

F. W. H. Momsen, son of Mrs. (Capt.) Muir, step- 
father at Chefoo, mother in Shanghai. 

Hugh Gray Owen, son of Mr. and Mr?. Owen, of 
the China Inland Mission. 


Shanghai, July 8. 

The fallowing information has reached the China 
Inland Mission, from Chefoo; 

On Sunday, all the teachers and scholars in the 
Boys' School partook of chicken-pie at tiffin. One 
pie appears to have been bad, which resulted in 
twelve cases of ptomaine poisoning. The teachers 
again partook of one of the same pies in the evening 
without any bad result. It is with the most profound 
sorrow we learn that, up to 9 o'clock this morning, 
ten boys had succumbed. Their names are as 
follows : — 

Gershom Broomhall, Nicholas 
Gray Owen, Stewart Kay, Claude 
worth K. Fitch, Marit Sandstedt, 
Herbert Parry, Norman Whitfield. 

Other two boys are now seriously ill, viz., Frank 
Parry and Hugh Gray Owen. 

Chefoo, 1. 10 p.m. 
F. W. II. Momsen and Hugh Gray Owen passed 

Chefoo, Wednesday, July 9, 9.16 a.m. 
The body of Hugh Gray Owen, who died at noon 
on Tuesday, has been sent to Shanghai for post- 
mortem examination, the official enquiry having 
been postponed until the result is known. The 
doctors and nurses of the U.S. Navy are rendering 
valuable assistance at Chefoo. Another boy, Cyril 
Molloy, the son of Mr. K. Molloy, of the Customs, 
Chmkiang, is seriously ill. 

Chefoo, July 10, 9 a.m. 
Cyril Molloy, aged nine years, who was taken ill 
with the other boys, died at 10 o'clock last night. 
Young Parry is progressing favourably. 

Gray, Norman 
Hartwell, Ells- 
Howard Fishe, 

Chefoo, July 10, S. 56 a.m. 
Molloy died yesterday at to p.m. Parry and New- 
comb are progressing favourably. Three other boys, 
Ewirig, Squire, and Davault, who had been slightly 
ill, are now quite well. 

6.30 p.m. 

Molloy 's case does not negative ptomaine. Hi;; 
symptoms identical with those of eighteen others who 
were ill. 

The following telegram has been received by the 
China Inland Mission from Chefoo, dated itth July, 
8.05 a.m. : — 

"Parry convalescent; others well, all moving to 
hospital to-day. Doctor considers the crisis safely 



fiom I. inc. 

Europe N. D. Lloyd Kiautschou 1 

Hongkone T. K. K. America Man. : 

Canada, &c C. P. R. Co Km. ol China 3 

Hongkong N. P. Co. 'Glenogle 4 

Europe M. M. Co. Van a 5 

Hongkong C. P. R. C« Em. of Japan 6 

\ir.erica P. M. Lo. China 7 

Hongkong i. M. Co. City f Peking 

l'acoina, Wasti. ... N. P. Co. Tacoma 8 

America O. & O. Co. Doric 

Hongkong... C. P. R. Co Athenian 

-Hongkong. O. & O Co Gaelic 

America T. K. K. Nippon Mam 

Canada C P. R Co. Tartar 

1 Left Kobe on the iSth inst. 

2 Left Shanghai on the 16th inst. 

3 Left Vancouver on the nth inst. 

4 Lett Hongkong on the 12 h inst. 

5 Left Shanghai on the 17th inst. 

6 Left Hongkong on the 16th inst. 

7 Left San Francisco on the 8th inst 

8 Left Tacoma, Wash, on the 121I1 inst. 


for Line Steam*! 

Hongkong C. P. R. Co Km. ol China 

America T. K. K. America Marti 

Tacoma, Wash. ... N. P. Co. Glenogle 

Shanghai N. Y. k. Saikio M;.m 

Canada, Xtc C. P. R . Co Km ol Japan 

Europe N. O. Lloyd Kiautschou 

B-urope, itc N. Y. K. Bingo Mam 

America P. M.Co. City Of Peking 

Hongkong P. ^3. Co. China 

Seattle, Wash N. V. K. J hinano Marti 

riougkeng N. P. Co. Tacoma 

Hongkong O. & O Co L\,ric 

Canada C. P. R. (,'0. Athenian 

America O. St O. Co. Gaelic 

-i'.ngkong X. K. K.. Nippon Mauo 

\i,stra!ia N. Y K Kasuga Mani 

Hongkong G. P. R. Co. Tartar 

July 19 
July 21 
July -43 
July 2? 
July 22 
July 24 
July 27 
July ;S 
July ,o 
Aug 4 
Aug. 4 
Aug. 7 
Aug. 12 
Tit. Aug. 21 








•i h 


July 23 
July 23 
July 23 
July 24 
July 25 
July 26 
July 26 
July 28 
July 28 
Ju'y o 
July 3" 
Aug. 3 
*- t'-.g- s 
Aug. 9 
Aiii. .4 
Aug. 15 
Aug. 2 1 

July, — Shanghai via Kobe, Ballast. — Jardinc, 
Mathcson & Co. 

Bombay, British steamer, 2,041, H. S. Bradshaw, 
13th July, — London via ports, Mails and General. 
—P. & O. S.S. Co. 

Kinshiu Maru, Japanese steamer, 2,459, F. L. Pyne, 
13th July, — Hongkong via ports, Mails and Gene- 
ral. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Asagao Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,526, F. E. Cope, 
14th July, — Kobe, General. — Nippon Yusen Kai- 

Kutnamoto Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,237, Y. Kishi, 
15th July, — Hakodate, General. — Nippon Yusen 

Bingo Maru, Japanese steamer, 3,677, F. Davies, 
1 5th July, — Moji, General. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Shinagawa Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,001, M. Nishi- 
hara, 1 5th July, — Yokkaichi, General. — Nippon 
Yusen Kaisha. 

Hongkong Maui, Japanese steamer, 3,047, W. E. 
Filmer, 1 6th July, — .San Francisco via Honolulu, 
28th June, Mails & General. — Toyo Kisen Kaisha. 

Tenshin Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,706, T. Tibballs, 
16th July, — Otaru via ports, General. — Nippon Yu- 
sen Kaisha. 

Tamba Maui, Japanese steamer, 3,783, J. \V. Wale, 

1 6th July, — London via ports, General.- — Nippon 

Yusen Kaisha. 
Yamashiro Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,568, K. So- 

yeda, 17th July, — Kobe, General. — Nippon Yusen 


Mikawa Maru, Japanese steamer, L203, K. Iwanaga, 
17th July, — Otaru via ports, General. — Nippon 
Yusen Kaisha. 

Kaga Maru, Japanese steamer, 3,906, J. W. Ekst- 
rand, 1 7th July, — Seattle, Wash., via Victoria, B.C., 
1st July, Mails and General. — Nippon Yusen Kai- 

Hokkai Maru, Japanese steamer, 437, I. Shimidzu, 
17th July, — Yokkaichi, General. — Nippon Yusen 



Anna, Austrian steamer, 1,317, R. Stuparich, nth 
July, — Iloilo via Nagasaki, Sugar. — Dodwell & 

Co., Ltd. 

Kosai Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,419, J. Nagao, t ith 
July,— Shanghai via ports, Mails and General.— 
Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

IValcanoura Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,556, K. No- 
beta, 1 ith July, — Koiie, General. — Nippon Yustn 

Shinagawa Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,001, M. Ni- 
shihara, I ith July, — Yokkaichi, General. — Nippon 
Yusen Kaisha. 

Coptic, British steamer, 2,744, J. H. Kinder, 12th 
July, — Hongkong via ports, Mails and General. — 
O. & O. S.S. Co. 

Yawata Maru, Japanese steamer, 2,364, A. E. Moses, 
I2ih July, — Melbourne via ports, Mails and Gene- 
ral.— Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Matsuyama Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,959, De La 
Lande, 12th July — Otaru via potts, General. — 
Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

FushiJH Maru, Japanese steamer, r,uo, N. Nielsen, 
1 2th July, — Nemuro via ports, General. — Nippon 
I Yusen Kaisha. 
New York (14 guns), U.S. flagship, 8,200, Capt. M. 

R. S. Mackenzie, 13th July— Nagasaki. 
' Robert Dickinson, British steamer, 1,341. E. Parry, 
' 13th July, — Kobe, Oil. — Samuel Samuel & Co. 
Olympia, American steamer, i,6yi, J. Truebridge, 
13th Jul) , — Hongkong via ports, Mails and Gene- 
I ral.— Dodwell &'Co., Ltd. 

; Hokkai islam, Japanese steamer, 437, I. Shimidzu, 
13th July, — Yokkaichi, General. — Nippon Yusen 
: Kaisha. 

Fook Sang, British steamer, 991, Anderson, 13th 


Yamagtichi Maru, Japanese steamer 2,038, S. Mura- 
matsu, 1 ith Jul)-, — Kobe, General. — Nippon Yusen 

Jumna, British steamer, 2,692, G. H. Clark, 1 ith July, 

—Moji, Ballast.— Sale & Co. 
Gaelic, British steamer, 2,690, Win. Finch, 12th 

July, — Hongkong via ports, Mails and General. — 

O. & O. S.S. Co. 
Sachsen, German steamer, 3,119, W. Franke, 12th 

July, — Bremen and Hamburg via ports, Mails and 

General. — H. Alliens & Co., Nachf. 
Kawachi Maru. Japanese steamer, 3,782, J. S. 

Thompsen, 12th July, — London and Antwerp via 

ports, Mails and General — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
Shinagawa Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,001, M. Ni- 

shihara, 12th Jul)-, — Yokkaichi, General. — Nippon 

Yusen Kaisha. 
Yamaguchi Maru, Japanese steamer, 2,038, S. Mura- 

matsu, 1 2th Jul)-, — Kobe, General. — Nippon Yusen 


Wakatioura Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,556, H, 
Nobeta, 13th July,— Otaru via ports, General. — 
Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 

Suminoyc Maru, Japanese steamer, 867, S. Yada, 
13th July, — Hakodate, General. — Nippon Yusen 

Hokkai Maru, Japanese steamer, 437, I. Shimizu, 
14th July, — Yokkaichi, General. — Nippon Yusen 

Matsuyavta Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,959, De La 
Lande, 14th July, — Kobe, General. — Nippon Yu- 
sen Kaisha. 

FusHiki Matu, Japanese steamer, 1,110, N. Nielsen, 
14th July, — Hakodate, General. — Nippon Yusen 

Jotomi Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,396, H. Sakimoto- 

14th July, — Otaru, via ports, General. — Nippon 

Yusen Kaisha. 
Olympia, American steamer, 1,691, J. Truebridge, 

14th July, — Tacoma, Wash., and Victoria, B.C., 

Mails & General.— Dodwell & Co,, Ltd. 
Kinshiu Maru, Japanese steamer. 2,459, F. L. Pyne, 

1 5th July, — Seattle via Victoria B.C.. Mails and 

General.- — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
Coptic, British steamer, 2.744, J. H. Kinder, 151I1 

July, — San Francisco via Honolulu, Mails and 

General.— O. & O. S.S. Co. 
KoSai Maru. Japanese stpamer, 1,419, J. Nagao, 1 6th 

July, — Kobe, General. — Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
Asagao Maru, Japanese, steamer, 1,526, F. E. Cope, 

1 6th July, — Otaru via ports, General. — Nippon 

Yusen Kaisha. 
Shinagawa Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,001, M. Ni- 

shihara, 16th July, — Yokkaichi, General. — Nippon 

Yusen Kaisha. 
Kobe Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,645, R. Swain, 17th 

July, — Shanghai via ports, Mails and General. — 

Nippon Yusen Kaisha. 
Robert Dickinson, British steamer, 1,341, E. Parry, 

17th July, — Balak Pappan, Oil. — Samuel Samuel 

& Co. 

74 M»*3Lif-Hflttn»Hfi8K1SEa;!5.-r THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 

[July 19, 1902. 

Tenshin Maru, Japanese steamer, 1,706, T. Tibballs, 
17th July — Kobe via Yokkaichi, General. — Nippon 
Yusen Kaisha. 


Per Japanese steamer Kbsai Mara, from Shanghai 
via ports :— Mrs. Nicolson, Mr. Nicolson, Mrs. II. 
Mandle, Mr. V. Berber, Mr. E. Berger, Miss Birch, 
Miss Chandeler, Mrs. F. Cayad, Mrs. George Mr- 
Bain, Mr. George McBain, Miss McBain, Miss 
Bielfeld, Mrs. Rassich, Mr. du Loucliet, Mr. Elmore, 
Mr. Alf. Haschi, Mr. Fors'er's 2 children, Miss 
L. Seeds, Miss M. Seeds, Mrs. G. Cayad, Miss Ne- 
well, Mrs. McBain's 8 children, and 1 Chinese 
in cabin; Mr. P. Depukes, Dr. Sojiro Teteichi, Mr. 
G. O. Gergy, Mr. D. Yokohata, Mr. T. Oda, Mr. 
Wong Hee Chong, Mr. Fukubori, and Mr. Otsu in 
second class ; 22 Japanese, and 26 Chinese in steer- 

Per British steamer Coptic, from Hongkong via 
ports :— Mrs. Herbert Bent, Mr. N. P. Bradbury, Mr. 

E. B. Clegg, Mr. C. Duncan, Mr. Boattiher, Mr. An- 
derson, Mr. A. Conil and servant, Mr . Engelbrecht, 
Mrs. J. C. Epperley, Mr. E. H. Kimrocl, Mr. J. C. 
Harrell, Rev. H. B. Johnson, Miss Hughes, Mrs. 
{Clinch, Miss (Clinch, Lieut. Louis Kranse and servant, 
Mrs. Lamsze and son, Miss McDougall, Mr. H. 
Mandle and servant, Mr. S. H. Matsuura, Mr. K. 
Fukushima, Mr. G. H. Noyes and servant, Mr. E J. 
Parrish, Mr. A 'Bison, and Mr. George Watt, in 
cabin. For San Francisco ; — Mr. A. Bannon, Mr. 
R. H. Bruce, Mr. J. Burns, Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Boyd, 
Mr. M. H. Coggeshall. Mr. T. E Ellis, Mrs. Fulton 
Gilford, Mrs. V. Lathan, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Glea- 
son, Mr. F. S. Jacott, Dr. J. Fryer, Mrs. 11. 1!. 
Johnson and three children, Mr. H. Lehmaim, Mrs. 
Leek and infant, Mrs. A. A. Larken, Miss C. .Mc- 
Candlish, Dr. Padelosky, Lieut. H. C. Poiindstone, 
Mr. E. Warlomont, and Miss Wieland, in cabin. 

Per Japanese steamer ) 'awata Maru, from Aus- 
tralia via ports : — Mr. and Mrs. John Winter, Mr. 
Morgan, Miss Aitken, Mr. and Mrs. Aitken, Mr. D. 
Y. Tvvomey, Mr. J. B. Godkin, Mr. Redmayne, Mrs. 
Redmayne, Mr. and Mrs. H. Berry, Mr. Adcock, Miss 
Adcock, Mrs. Deacon, Miss Deacon, Mr. and Mrs. 
McArthur, Mrs. Pyne, Mr. Murayama, Mr. Squire, 
Mr. K. Newman, Mrs. D. L. Smith, Mr. T. Tainba, 
Mr. M. Hamada, and Mr. and Mrs. Falconer, in 
cabin ; Mr. W. G. Bailey, Mr. Longford, Mr. A. 
Peres, Mrs. N. Yamashita, Mr. T. Sugiura, Mr. S. 
Shiraishi, and 1 Chinese, in second class; 13 Japan- 
ese, 8 Chinese, and 3 Russians, in steerage. 

Per Japanese steamer Kinshiu Maru, from Hong- 
kong via ports : — Mrs. S. Hunter. For Portland : — 
Mr. and Mrs. R. M. Teager and child. For Mont- 
real : — Miss Ross. For Seattle :— Miss Rust. For 
San Francisco : — Miss Hill, in cabin. For Seattle : — 
Mr. T. Lamb in 2nd class; 39 Japanese and 82 
Chinese in steerage. 

Per Japanese steamer Hongkong Maru, from San 
Francisco via Honolulu : — Miss A. C. Bark worth, 
Mr. J. H. Block, Lieut. H. G. Gates, Dr. J. E. Janes, 
Mrs. Janes, Mr. Chas. E. Miller, Mr. M. Nakahama, 
Miss H. N. Gratent, Mr. A. Sato, Mrs. Sato, Miss 
Sato and servant, Gen. Wm. Sooy Smith, Mrs. W. 
S. Smith, Mr. Gerald Smith, Mr. R. P. Goebold, 
Dr. Y. Takaki, Mr. J. L. Beveridge, Mrs. Beveridge, 
Mr. P. J. Beveridge, Mrs. Beveridge. Miss Beve- 
ridge, Miss Phyllis Beveridge, Mr. W. W. McGre- 
gory, Mrs. McGregory, Mr. Lewis P. Hawe, Mrs. 
Russell, Mrs. Derber, Mr. Emar Goldberg, Miss 

F. J. Vernon, and Miss Isabel Vernon in cabin. 
For Shanghai :— Mr. G. A. Derby, Mr. J. H. Levi, j 
Mr. H. C. Melone, and Mr. T. S. Yen in cabin. For j 
Hongkong :— Miss I. M. Remmele, Mr. L. D. j 
Bruckart, Mr. Mint, Mrs. Mint, Mr. R. T. Daly, I 
Mrs. A. Rouff. Mr. C. Brigicke, Mr. P. C. Cook, and | 
Mr. P. Walker in cabin. 

Per Japanese steamer Kaga Maru, from Seattle, 1 
Wash. :— Mr. FI. J. Grant, Mrs. H. J. Grant, Miss 1 
Grant, Mr. Jno. W. Storkcs, Mr. S. W. Hedges, Mr. ! 
L. Grimmesey, Mrs. Grimmesey and 2 children, j 
Mrs. H. S. Ensign, Mr. Jos. Featherstone, Mr. E. L. | 
Jarves, Mr. F. A. Caine, and Mr. E. M. Warden, in 
cabin. In Transit : — Miss Josie Newlands, and Mr. 1 
F. P. Hett, in cabin ; Mr. K. N. Morse, in second 
class ; 25 Japanese, and 20 Chinese, in steerage. 

Per British sleames Gaelic, for Hongkong via 
ports :— Mr. A. H. Bottenheim, Mrs. A. H. Botten- 
heim, Miss R. Bottenheim, Miss Ella Bottenheim, 
Miss G. Bottenheim, Dr. Herman Bryan, Mr. 'J'. A. 
Christensen, Mrs. T. A. Christensen and 2 children, 
Miss J. M. Christensen, Mr. J. V. Knights, Mrs. J. V. 
Knights, Mrs. B. Lyons, Mr. C. E. Le Munyon, Mr. 
J. Orange, Capt A. Ii. Shattuck, Mrs. A. B. 
tuck and 3 children, Mr. E. W. Tilden, and Mrs. E. 
W. Tilden, child and amah, in cabin. 

Per German steamer Sacksen, for Europe via 
ports : — Mr. Long Wai Chee, Mr. M. J. Moses and 
servant, Mr. C. II. Thorn, Mr. T. Nishimatsu, Mr. 

and Mrs. Marcus Mess and amah, Mr. lid. L. van 
Nierop, Mrs. Vera Lementovsky, Mr. J. W. Cop- 
mann, Mr. Zarnke, Mr. C. C. Osborne, Mr. J. J. 
Woodruff, Prof. S. Migami, Mr. Sawayagi, Mr. 
ICuwada, Jr., Mr. T'.ugcn, Hocrsch, Mr. Paul Komer, 
Mr. F. Staniland, Mr. Renno Rosendorn, and Mr. 
H. Martin, in cabin. 

Per Japanese steamer Kawachi Maru, for London 
via ports: — Master Reginald Jonas, Mr. and Mis. 
H. C. Field, Prjnce T. Tokugawa, Mr. L. Sharpe, 
Master I. Yatsui, Mr. A. Jones, Mr. J. Gorevan, and 
Lieut. K. Inouye, in cabin ; Mr. H. Imamura, Mr. K. 
Tamamushi, Mr. H. Fur,usawa, Mr. M. Ikeda, Mr. 
T. Kitamura, Mr. A. Yamaguchi, Mr. N. Ishii, Mr. 
R. Tsuruhara, Mr. T. Nakamizo, Mr. T. Santo, Mr. 
S. Shibuya, Mr. Y. Nishiro, Mr. M. [shikawa, Mr. 
D. Singh, Mr. Y. Tabaso, Mass S Kokusu, Miss K. 
Hirano, Mr. J. Hosoya, Miss Mine Yemi, Mr. R. 
Kuwahara, Mr. T. Futaki, and Mr. F. Doi, in second 
class ; 76, in steerage. 

Per British steamer, Coptic, for San Francisco via 
Honolulu :— H. I. H. the Grand Duke Boris of 
Russia, and valet, Mr. A. Bannon, Mr. J. N. Boyd, 
Mrs. J. N. Boyd, Mr. R. II. Bruce, Mr. J. Hums, Mr. 
H. R. Collender, Mrs. H. R. Collehder, Mr. M. H. 
Coggeshall, Dr. Ad. Cnnt/e, Mr. J. M. Doherty, Mr. 
F. E. Ellis, Lt. Friderici, Dr. J. Fryer. Capt. Gansser, 
Mrs. Fulton Gifford, Mr. W. H. Gleason, Mrs. \V. H. 
Gleason, Lt. A. Greaves, Mr. C. Greaves. Mrs. A. J. 
Harrell, Col. N. D. Hodge, Mr. F. S. Jacott, Mi f. I f. 
R. Johnson, Master H. R. Johnson, Master C. John- 
son, Master A. Johnson, Rev. II. Kozaki, Mrs. H. 
Kozaki, Mrs. J. F. Larkin, Mrs. V. Latham, Mrs. 
Leek & child, Mr. H. Lehinann, Mrs. McDougald, 
Miss Cora MiTavish, Mr. Jas. R. Morse, Lt. I I. C. 
Poundstone, Dn Robert Roxburgh, Dr. E. Rudel, 
Mrs. E. Rudel, Chev. de Schaeck^ Miss H. C. Simp- 
son, Lt. Sttandtman, Mr. F. Thielmann, Miss Mamie 
Wadman, Mr. F. Warlomont and Miss A. Wieland 
in cabin. 

Per Japanese steamer Kobe Maru, for Shanghai 
via ports : — Mr. A. Komma, Mr. Bardnet, Mr. M. 
Mima, Mr. T. Nomura, Mr. K. Oki, Mr. A. Notomi, 
Mrs. K. Notomi, Mr. F. Maki, Mr. II. "Scheuten, 
Miss H. Nomura, Viscountess H. Nomura, Mr. 
Allix, Mr. Lenoel, Mrs. Lenoel, Capt. Anderson, Mr. 
W. G. Daly, Mr. L. F. Kundson, Mr. N. E. Roberts, 
Mr. E. Kirk, Mr. C. R. Graham, Mr. Dussouchet, 
and Sub-Lieut. S. cabin ; Mr. D. Kamiya, 
Mr. T. Maki, Mr. Y. Masutomi, Mr. K. Iriye, Miss 
S. Tsumaki, Mr. S. Matsnda, Mrs K. Matsuda, Mr. 
Fl. Kumashino, Mr. Fu Shi Yei, Mr. and Mis. F. A. 
Pearson, Mr. Pearson and three daughters, and one 
Chinese, second class ; 102, in steerage. 



3.00 to 5.00 


0.20 to 0.30 


'.0.35 t0 0.50 
0.30 to 0.45 

0.16 to 0.33 
0.50 to 0.95 
0.90 to 1 .00 
0.60 to 1. 00 

There has been just enough business in Yarns to 
keep prices firm ; there have been fair clearances 
and some real demand from the interior. In Shirtings 
transactions have been few, and a slightly better 
feeling prevails in Fancy Cottons and Woollens. 


Grey Shirting— 8 7$% yds. 39 inchesY.2.85 to 3.60 
Grey Shirting — 9ft", 38)^ yds, 45 inches. 28.0 to 4.00 
Indigo Shirtings — 24 yards, 14 inches... 2.50 to 3.35 
Prints — Assorted, 24 yards, 30 inches ... 
Cotton — Italians and Satteens, Black, 32 



Flannels \ 

Italian Cloth, 32 in 

Mousseline de Laine, — Crape, 24 yards, 

30 inches 

Cloths — Pilots, 54 @ 56 inches 

Cloths — Presidents, 51 @ 65 inches ... 

Cloths — Union, 54 @ 56 inches 

Blankets — Scarlet and Green, 3 to 51b 

per lb 0.60 to 0.66 


Velvets — Black, 35 yards, 22 inches ... 9.501012.00 
Victoria Lawns, 12 yards, 42-3 inches... 0.90 to 1.80 
Turkey Reds — 2.8 to 3.0 lb 24-25 yards, 

30 inches 1.90 to 2.25 

Turkey Reds — 3.8 to 5Tb, 24-25 yards, 

32 inches v 2.50 to 3.50 

COTTON YARN. pee male. 

Nos. 16/24, Singles V. 1 35.00 to 145.00 

Nos. 28/32, Singles 145.00 to 155.00 

Nos. 38/42, Singles 150.00 to 160.00 

Nos. 32, Doubles 150.00 to 160.00 

Nos. 42, Doubles 165.00 to 170.00 

Nos. 2/60, Plain Nominal 

Nos. 2/80, Plain Nominal 

Nos. 2/100, Plain Nominal 

Nos. 2/60, Gassed 235.00 to 255.00 

Nos. 2/80, Gassed 2S5.00 to 305.00 

Nos. 2/ 100, Gassed 400.00 to 420.00 


American Middling 29.00 to 30.00 

Indian Broach 24.00 to 25.00 

Chinese . -.. ... 24.50 


The market is quiet in tone and demand is very 

Round and square inch and upward . 

Iron Plates, assorted 

Sheet Iron 

Galvanised Iron sheets 

Wire Nails, assorted 

'Tin Plates, per box 

Pig Iron, No. 3 

Hoop Iron (jjj to \y t inch) 

The market is dull. 





There has been a fair business 
practically unchanged. 

Brown Takao 

Brown Manila 

Brown Daitong 

Brown Canton 

While Java and Penang 

White Refined 


.V.4.30 to 4.60 

. 4.60 to 4.80 

4.80 lo 7.10 

. 10.25 to 1 100 

6.00 to 6.60 

. 7.80 to 8.30 

. 2.00 to 2.50 

5.10 to 5.60 

,. jf52. 5 G 
•• 2.35 
• 2 -3S 

and prices are 


.Y.4.90 to 

. 5.2510 
. 4.30 10 

. 6.00 to 
6.00 lo 



8.20 to 10.10 


Supplies are now coming in more freely and there 
has been some buying during the week, more especi- 
ally for America. Lyons is still dull, and there is 
very liitle enquiry for that market. Holders are 
linn, anticipating still better news from New York 
before long. In the meantime prices for best Re- 
reels are strong, and maintained at a level equal to 
good Shinshu Filatures. Kakedas have appealed 
on the market but prices are too high to admit of 
much business. 


Filatures — Extra, Tine Y. 

Filatures — Extra, Coarse 

Filatures — No. 1, T ine 

Filatures — No. I, Coarse 

Filatures — No. 1^, Tine 

Filatures — No. 1^4, Coarse 

Filatures — No. 2, Fine 

Filatures — No, 2, Coarse 

Common — Coarse 

Re-reels — Extra ••• ... 

Re-reels — No. I 

Re-reels — No. IJ4 

Re-reels — No. 2 

Re-reels — No. 3 

Kakedas — Extra 

Kakedas — No. I 

Kakedas — No. \ y z 

Kakedas — l\o. 2 

Kakedas — No. 2J^ 

Supplies are coming to hand slowly and we give 
quotations for new fibre. At these prices some 
tentative purchases have been made, but the market 
is not fully open as yet. 


Noshi — Filatures, Best 160 to 170 

Noshi — Filatures, Good 

Noshi. — Oshiu, Best 160 to 170 

Noshi — Oshiu, Good 

Noshi — Oshiu, Medium 

Noshi — Shinshiu, Best 

Noshi — Shinshiu, Good 

Noshi — Bushiu, Best 

Noshi — Bushiu, Good 

Noshi — Bushiu, Medium 

Noshi — Josh iu, Best 95 to 100 

Noshi — Joshiu, Good 85 to 90 

Kibiso — Filatures, Best 125 to 130 

Kibiso — Filatures, Second 120 to 125 

Kibiso — Toshiu, Good 

Kibiso — Bushu, Fair 


Settlements to the 15th amount to 21,210 piculs 
and the market has been kept well supplied with 
most grades. Total settlements for the season are 
116,067 piculs to July 15th as against 127,623 for the 
same period last jear. 


990 to 1,030 
990 to 1,000 
940 lo 950 
940 to 950 
910 to 920 
910 to 920 

940 to 950 
920 to 930 
900 to 910 

960 to 965 
930 to 935 
9110 to 910 
870 to 880 
840 to 850 





Good Medium.. 


( ;< iod ( lomrrton 

46 & upwards 

... 43t°45 

... 41 to 42 

, .. 36 to 40 

... 33t°3S 

.. 30 to 32 

... 27 lo 29 

,.. 24 to 26 


During the last fortnight some 10,000 piculs chang- 
ed figures, but demand then fe 1 off and the market 
is now weaker. 


There is nothing lo report in copper, holders being 
firm and disinclined to consider home prices. 

July 19, 1902.] 



local shake; list. 

Yokohama, July 17. 
Club Hotels changed hands at yen 70. Grand 
Hotels, buyers at yen 250. Kirin Breweries, sellers 
at yen 165. Langfeldts, sellers at yen 70. Offers 
wanted for Helms. Y. V. Club and Brewery deben- 
tures are wanted. Y. U. C. debentures, sales at yen 


Yokohama E. & I. Works 117 Sellers. 

Grand Hotel 250 Buyers. 

Club Hotel 70 Sales. 

Oriental Hotel 125 Sales. 

Langfeldt & Co 70 Sellers. 

Japan Brewery Co 165 Sellers. 

Telephone No. 323. 



Yokohama. July 17. 
Silver from London and sterling quotations from 
China bein;j; unaltered there has been no change in 
local rates. 

London— Bank T.T 2/0 A 

— — Bills on demand 2/0^ 

— — 4 months' sight 3 /°i%- 

— Private 4 months' sight 2/1 r '- 

— — 6 months' sight 2 / I -.\ 

Paris & Lyons — Bank sight 258 

- Private 4 months' sight 263 

— — 6 months' sight 264^ 

I longkong — Bank sight l5°/ 0 di.s.* 

— I'rivate 10 days' sight i7°/ 0 dis.* 

Shanghai — Bank sight 87* 

Private 10 days' sight 89* 

India — Bank sight 153 

— Private 30 days' sight l S^'A 

America — Bank sight 50 

— Private 30 days' sight 5°}& 

— Private 4 months' sight S l H 

German] — Bank sight 209^ 

— Private 4 months' sight 214/4 

Iter Silver (f .ondon) 2 4i'g 

* Nominal. 

flftmwJRizED Broker of Tokio Stock Exchange, 
Shake and Stock Broker: Official Closing 
Quotations of Tokyo Stock Exchange. 

Yokohama, July 17. 


July. Aug. July- Aug. 

— — Nippon Railway ... — — 

— — Nippon R'way, 3rd . — 22.65 

56.00 56.40 Sanyo Railway 56 00 56.40 

4?. 00 — Kansai Railway ... 42.15 42.60 

— 56.30 Kittshiu Railway ... 55.85 56.50 
73.70 74-35 Tanko Railway — 74-8o 

— — Tanko R'way, new.. — — 

— 18.50 Tobu Railway 18.50 18.50 

— — Sobu Railway — — 

— — Boso Railway — — 

— — Narita Railway — 26.15 

— — Nai ita R'way, new. . — — 

— 21.15 Kioto Railway — — 

— — Hoknvetsu Railway. — — 

— — Bankaktl Railway. . — — 

— — Tokio El'tric R'way — 11 1.95 
53.80 54.30 Tokio Ele. k;i., new 54.13 54 75 

— • — Kei-hin Electric Car — — 

75.75 76.70 Nippon Yusen 76.10 77.00 

— — Toyo Kiscn 28.20 — 

— — Osaka Shoscn — — 

— — Tetkoku Shogio Bk. 25.45 — 

— — Tokio Fire Ins — — 

— — Tokio Gas Co — — 

— — Tokio Gas Co., new. — — 

— — Tokio Electric Light 54.20 54-95 
28 00 — Tokio Flee. Li., new — — 

— — Kanegafuchi Spi'ng. — — 

— — Nippon Sugar Refill. — — 

— — Yebisu Beer / — — 

— — Yebisu Beer, new ... — — 

— — Tokio Rice Ex'ange — — 
124.75 126 fjo Tokio Stock Ex'ange 126.60 127.95 

Consultation Bureau : Yokohama. 

No. 87, Main Street. Telephone No. 888. 


Yokohama, July 17. 

Club Hotels have changed hands at 70 and are wanted at this rale. Kirin Breweries are offering at 
yen 165. Yokohama Docks have changed hands at yen 41.50. Yokohama Engine and Iron Works, sales 
atjw/117. Grand Hotels, buyers offer yen 250. Helm Bros., sellers at yen 45. Langfeldts, sellers at 
yen 72.50. All debenture stocks are wanted at quotations. 


r. Y'hama E. & Iron Works, Ltd. 

Grand Hotel. Limited 

Club Hotel, Limited 

Oriental Hotel, Limited 

do do Founders 

do do Preference 

Nagasaki Hotel, Limited 

North & Rae, Limited 

Brett & Co., Limited 

Langfeldt & Co., Limited 

Y'hama Steam Laundry, Ltd. 
Helm Bros., Limited 

At Working ac- 

No. of 



count in last ac- 

For term 





counts issued. 












117 Sa. 




R've 50,000.00 

J4 31.3.1902 

165 S. 





'4 31. 12.1902 

250 B. 




Dr. 372.27 
B'nce to R'rve ac. 

% 31.3.1901 

65 s. 




% 3 1. 8. 1 90 1 

120 Sa. 



Yz 31.8. 1 901 

475 N. 



1st year 

103 N. 




Yz 30.6. 1 90 1 

60 S. 




y'r 31.12.1901 

215 N. 





y'r 30.6.1901 

8.75 N. 




y z 30.6. 1 901 

72K s. 



Dr. 15,184.78 

Yz 30.6. 1 90 1 

11 S. 

1 3,720 




4^ s. 

sd, Rough Hands, 
kirning Palms and P 
Finger Ends 

bak the hands on retiring In a strong, hot, 
creamy lather of CUTICURA SOAR Dry, 
and anoint freely with CUTICURA, the great 
: : m cure and purest of emollients* Wear, during 
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[July 19, 1902. 

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B R A N D 


When prepared is similar to Breast Ml. 

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As a guarantee of 
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FOR SALE at the OFFICE ot the 

" JAPAN MAIL," No. 55, Main Street 

Telephone No. 144. 



if — -f ? f y 




YOKOHAMA, AUG. 2ND, 1902. 



Summary of News 105 

Chinese News 106 

War Bonds 107 

Korea 107 

The Hoxers in Szchuan 107 

The Labour Question in Japan ic8 

Marcus Island 108 

Insurance in Tokyo ico 

Japan and the " Likin " Question 109 

The East-Caroline Islands 109 

The Wakamatsu Foundry no 

Formosa „ no 

The Chinese Students no 

Cholera no 

The House Tax no 

Tientsin in 

The Electric Li, ht Companies in 

Notes on Current Events 111 

Leading Article :— Abuse of Privilege ... 1 3 

The Coronation 114 

Yachting 114 

Cricket 114 

The Makado Concert 114 

African Spheres of Influence 115 

Death of Mr. Witkowski 115 

Prince Cyril 115 

The Bookshelf 115 

The Summer School at Hakone 115 

The Grand Hotel, Limited 116 

Yokihama Engine and Iron Works, Limited 116 

Law Cases 117 

Commercial News 117 

The Herb Cae 1.8 

The " Hamburg" Cas« 118 

Mont ly Summary of the Religious Press 119 

News of the Week isi 

Aicerican Topics 122 

Correspondence : — Coronation Fete 124 

" Cedl " 12 ( 

The Chinese Trophy 24 

Typhoon in Hongkong 115 

"Canals" on the Moon 125 

Aguinaldo Liberated 1 5 

Telegrams '2$ 

Bank of Japan 128 

Water Tube Boilers 128 

The "Shell" Transport and Trading Company, Limited ... 123 

Leo XI 11. 's Pontificate r.8 

Latest Shipping 129 

Latest Commercial 130 


by a whaler to be standing by the imprisoned 
ships. Both were within 50 miles of Nome on 
May 2 1 st but were caught and carried north- 
ward through Behring Straits. All were well 
on board. 

There will be manoeuvres in Kyushu their 
autumn on a large scale. The operations will be 
taken part in by troops of the Sixth Army Divi- 
sion and soldiers from various barracks in the 
neighbouring districts. Several days ago, an offi- 
cial of the Imperial Household 1 )epartment 
accompanied by staff officers proceeded to Kuma- 
moto to make arrangements for the sojourn of the 
Emperor, who will inspect the manoeuvres. 

Mr. Yokoyama Toraichiro, Mayor of Nagasaki, 
sent in his resignation on July 29th in connection 
with the work of repairing the Nagasaki harbour. 
It is alleged that some dishonesty charged against 
certain of the commissioners in charge of the 
undertaking has caused the Mayor to retire from 
office. Messrs. Yamamoto Shikanosuke and 
Watanabe Ko, as representatives of the commis- 
sioners, are now in Tokyo relative to the affair. 

A tragedy involving the death of one man and 
injuries to four other persons is reported from 
Osaka. On the night of July 25 th a man named 
Fujimoto Kakichi, of Nishiku, armed with a 
sword entered the house of Tatsuno Nakazo, in 
the same place, and killed the latter on the spot. 
The unfortunate man's wife, her daughter and 
one other person were also severely cut, though 
not fatally. Tie murderer was at once arrested. 

The first shots in the Boer campaign were 

fired on the night of Oct. 12, 1899, 30 hours or 

so after the expiry ot the Boer ultimatum, at 

with Art. I. of the Rules relating to the Upper j Kraaipan, a station on the railway 40 miles south 

House. of Mafeking. The last shots of the war appear 

if „ 0 , • , , to have been discharged at Vereeniging on June 

Mount Shirane, a dormant volcano on the ,• , • 1 c .1 a u ■ , 

, j ,. cm ■ 1 . -wr 1 4, 1902. Lieut. Mckeich, or the 2nd Brigade 

boundary line between bhinshu and Kotsuxe, 1 

Rhodes to administer his will desire that the 
colonial scholars under the special scholarships 
should go into residence at Oxford in October, 


On July 28th two passenger trains came into 
collision at Omuda station on the Kyushu rail- 
way and over ten persons were injured more or 
less seriously. 

Princesses Tsune and Kane will start for Nikko 
on the 28th, leaving Uyeno Station by the 11.45 
a.m. train. Their Highnesses will remain at 
Nikko during the hot season. 

The ATanila Times of the 7 th inst. states that 
Aguinaldo was set at liberty at 11.30 a.m. on the 
5th inst., and, immediately after packing up his 
effects, left for parts unknown. 

Viscount Hayashi, Japanese Minister to the 
Court of St. James, has been ordered to represent 
Japan at the Coronation in place of Prince 
Komatsu, who is now on his way home. 

The Chinese Envoy to the Coronation of King 
Edward, who is now on his way home, is expected 
to arrive in Yokohama shortly. His Excellency 
will remain in Japan for about ten days. 

George Read, of the East Sydney Swimming 1 
Club, recently won the half-mile race in the j 
Thames at Surbiton by 50 yards, the time being 
grain. i2^sec. This is the local record. 

Mr. Kimura Riyemon, a rich merchant of 
Yokohama, was appointed on July 29th a member 
of the House of Peers as representing the highest 
taxpayers of Kanagawa Prefecture, in accordance 

No notice will Vie taken of anonymous correspondence- 
What is intended for insertion in the " JAPAN WhKKLY 
MAIL," must be authenticated by the name and address 
of the writer, not for publication, but as a guarantee of 
good faith. 

It is particularly requested that all letters on business 
be addressed to the MANAGER, and Cheques be made 
payable to same; and that literary contributions be 
addressed to the Editor. 

Yokohama: Saturday, August 2nd, 1902. 

At Yumoto on July 2(7, Julius Witkowski. 
for many years a resident of Japan. 

9th New Zealand Contingent, was killed, and 
Lieut. Payne, of the same corps, was slightly 

Fears are entertained by the Yokosuka Naval 
Authorities that the workmen belonging to the 
Shipbuilding Yard- there may follow the example 
of the strikers at Kure. A Japanese paper says 
that signs are not wanting that the Yokosuka 
workmen are very likely to go on strike sooner 
or later, and in consequence the Authorities are 
keeping vigilant watch over the doings of the 
ringleaders. It appears that the exchange of 
communications is at present busily going on 
between the workmen of Yokosuka and Kure. 


The will of the late Earl Fitzwilliam has been 
been sworn at over three millions sterling. 

Prince Komatsu has wired home that he and 
his party left Berlin on July 27th for St. Petersburg. 

Mr. Inouye Katsunosuke, Japanese Minister in 
Paris, will return to Japan shortly on leave of 

It is estimated that the English railways lost 
over one million sterling by the postponement of 
the Coronation. 

Vice-Admiral S. Hidaka has been appointed 
Commander-in-Chief of the Japanese Standing 
Squadron in place of Vice-Admiral Tsunoda. 

a dormant volcano on the 
ine between Shinshu and 
began to emit smoke on July 19th. On the 
23rd the valcano emitted lava and earth to a 
height of over 30 feet and is still sending out 
dense columns of smoke. 


1 A typhoon which burst over Hongkong on 
the morning of the iSth July, and raged all 
day, did considerable damage. Fortunately I he 
Observatory gave ample warning aud the shipping 
escaped to places of safely in time. Some 20 
lives were lost on shore and afloat. 


'Mr. Iijima Waichi, teacher of the Yokohama 
j Commercial School, accompanied by Messrs. 
j Shibuka Kumazo and Takahashi Korefuku, stud- 
: ents of the third year course of the institution, The third children's picnic projected by the 
! left Yokohama on July 24th for Vladivostock via Jiji Shimpo has just been concluded. A party of 
Tsuruga on a tour of commercial inspection, over 50 poor girls, ranging in age from about eight 
They will visit various ports of Korea on their to thirteen, weie taken by train from Shimbashi 
way home. J to Kugenuma, Shoshu, early on the morning of 

I July 2 1st. After spending four enjoyable days, 
The Plan-Shin (Osaka-Kobe) Electric Railway during which period the juvenile party visited 
' Company, at a special general meeting held on \ various places under conductors who volunteered 
j July 29th, passed a resolution to prolong the term ! t | ie j r serv ices, they came back to Tokyo on the 
j of the Company's business from 30 to 99 years j evening of the 24th. The expense of the excur- 
and to present a petition to the Government for!gj on j s sa jd to have been yen 226. 
I sanction. This step has been rendered necessary I 

j for the purpose of obtaining funds from the' Among various objects to be erected in the 
capitalist (Mr. Brady; with whom the company ! compound '.of the Fifth Domestic Exhibition at 
has been in negotiation. j Osaka will be a Mount Fuji which is to be 

entirely made of Formosan salt under the direc- 
Two steamers, the Portland and Jeanie,, bound ( h ti6n of Mr. Oguri Tomijiro, a Japanese salt 
from Puget Sound to Nome and having on board merchant in Formosa, who intends thereby to 
between them some 200 passengers the non- make Formosm salt known to the world, 
arrival of which at their destination had caused The spot where the mountain is to be erected 
much anxiety, have been found locked up in the will be converted into a garden representing the 
ice some eighty miles north of Cape Prince of banks of the River Fuji, the material to be employ- 
Wales. The vessels were discovered by the U.S. e d being also salt. The Formosan Government will 
revenue cutter The/is, which had gone out to also exhibit various kinds of salt obtained on the 

The trustees appointed by the Lite Mr, Cecil search for them, and which was reported at Nome island. 

[Aug. 2, 1902. 


taels annually to 
navy, but that 

Saturday, July 26. 
It has been a subject of speculation ever 
since the China Japan war whether the 
Peking Government would take any steps 
to provide another fleet for the country. 
Before that war China ranked as a formid- 
able naval Power in the Par East, but after 
the battles of the Yalu and of Wci-hai-wei, 
she became practically shipless, and during" 
the seven years that have elapsed since that 
time, she seems to have been contented to 
leave her seas at the mercy of any Power. 
Last spring she decided to appropriate a 
sum of 1 y± million 
the rehabilitation of her 
was obviously a ludicrous resolve which 
like the proverbial Manx cat's tail, might be 
regarded as a futile superfluity. So thinks 
Viceroy Yuan, evidently. On the nth 
instant he is said to have addressed to the 
throne a strong memorial, urging that pro- 
per and adequate steps should be at once 
taken to reconstitute the Navy ; that there 
should be a standing squadron and a reserve ; 
that the dockyards should be subjected to 
regulations calculated to develop their use- 
fulness for naval purposes, and that there 
should be naval stations at Chefoo, Shang- 
hai, Nanking, Kianying and Kwanchou. It 
is not yet known what reception this memorial 
received at court, but if China decides to 
appropriate any adequate sum — say 200 
million taels — to the resuscitation of her 
navy, she will find some of the foreign 
Powers difficult to persuade of her inability 
to pay the Indemnity in full. 

Monday, July 28. . 
There is a good deal of talk about the 
Hang-yang mine. This is the mine from 
which the Japanese Government hopes to 
obtain cheap supplies of ore for the purposes 
of the Wakamatsu Foundry. Obviously it 
would be most desirable that the mine should 
be in Japanese hands. Some of our Tokyo 
contemporaries allege that the possibility of 
effecting an arrangement in that sense has 
been discussed officially, and that the views 
of the Chinese Government have been in- 
formally sounded. But a difficulty is pre- 
sented by the fact that some other Power — 
the name is not mentioned — lias long had 
an eye on the mine, and that an application 
for a lease of it was made and refused 
some years ago. To grant now to Japan 
what has been withheld from a third party 
might cause complications. How the matter 
is likely to end there is no prediction. It 
appears that Mr. Tokura also has been 
employing experts to make, a report on 
the mine. Mr. Tokura is the capitalist 
who put up 2 million yen some time ago for 
the purpose of working a coal mine at Sien- 
ching in Anhui, in conjunction with Taotai 

According to news telegraphed to London 
on June 17th by The Times correspondent, 
Russia's objections to the arrangement for 
the restoration of the Peking-Shanhaikwan 
Railway had been removed, and a document 
in that sense had been signed by the Russian, 
Chinese and English authorities. But Japa- 
nese newspapers now allege that the matter 
has not been settled. Russia resolutely 
maintains her objection to the power that 
England would thus acquire, and declares 
that if she and England are not placed on 
an equal footing in this matter, she will not 
restore either the Shanhaikwan-Ncwchwang 
line or Manchuria. The officials who nego- 
tiated the agreement to which Russia objects 
wen: Viceroy Yuan and Mr. Ku Iiung-ki. 

Both were punished, more sinico, for their 
share in the transaction. But Yuan, it is 
said, insists that lie was right, and that how- 
ever many times he be punished his opinion 
will not change. On the other side are 
Yung Lu and Kong Kang, who show equal 
obstinacy. According to the same authority, 
Belgium and France are ranged on Russia's 
side, whereas America and Japan side with 
England. The rest are neutral. We hesi- 
tate to comment on this news, pending 

Renter's brief telegram that the Chinese 
Government had agreed to abolish likin 
throughout the empire in consideration of 
an increase of tariff on imports and exports, 
is supplemented by a cablegram to the 
Asahi Shim butt, which says that import duties 
are to be increased to \2]/> per cent., that 
export duties are to be revised, and that salt 
and opium are to be excluded from the likin 
exemption. The only internal dues levied on 
goods will therefore he transit and terminal 
taxes. It may be presumed that some 
agreement will be come to about these also, 
for evidently the local officials will otherwise 
have no difficulty in compensating them- 
selves for the loss of likin by making" an addi- 
tion to the transit dues or the terminal taxes. 

The Asahi's Peking correspondent sends a 
strange telegram saying that Russia, much 
discontented with Viceroy Yuan's attitude 
of reliance on Japan, is hesitating whether! 
to inspire leading Chinamen to impeach him,| 
or to take steps for purchasing him. Notj 
much imagination is needed to concoct a tale 
of that kind. 

The Nippon publishes a bitter complaint 
against the methods of Russian Custom I louse 
officials at Vladivostock. It amounts to this, 
that our contemporary charges them with 
being arbitrary, irregular and corrupt. In- 
stances are given, but they are all more or 
less vague. The Nippon alleges, inter alia, 
that outward cargo from Vladivostock has 
become virtually unprocurable in consequence 
of the imposts. 

The Hochi Skimbun observes that earnest 
and zealous as the Chinese visitors, Messrs. 
Wu and Yu, are showing themselves in 
conducting investigations, it can not be 
hoped that they alone will effect much in | 
pushing China into the path of progress, j 
What China wants is to employ a number 
of foreigners, Japanese, English, German 
and so on. She will learn more in that way 
than in any other. That was Japan's method 
and it succeeded. 

Tuesday, July 29. 
Particulars as to the likin abolition arrange- 
ment show that it is not to go into 
operation until January 1st, 1905. There- 
after all imports will pay 12^ per cent, 
duty, and will receive from the Custom 
House at the place of importation a certifi- 
cate franking them to every part of the 
empire without being liable to likin at any 
point. As to exports, they will pay J l /t per 
cent, ad-valorem duty at the first tax-station 
they pass and will thenceforth be free of all 
further charges. There will not be any 
removal of the present ///'///-collecting offices, 
but neither will there be any increase of 
their number. Salt and opium will be 
treated independently, paying likin at 
special stations. Another condition is that 
machine-made cotton yarn and cotton fabrics 
will pay an ad-valorem duty of 10 per cent., 
and that raw cotton from abroad will pay 
2)/> percent., Chinese cotton being untaxed. 
With regard to silk, silk-works and tea, the 
arrangements have still to be made. One 

point is somewhat obscure as explained by 
the telegraph. The statement wired is that 
Chinese goods will pay provincial and city 
transit-dues, 'from which source the loss to 
the local revenues by the abolition of likin 
will be compensated. That sounds like 
robbing Peter to pa}' Paul. Likin is not in 
itself more objectionable than transit dues; 
and nothing would be gained by increasing 
the latter pan passu with the former's re- 
duction. But it may confidently be: assumed 
that this ambiguity is due to defective 
transmission only. The commissioners have 
surely given full attention to these matters. 

There has been an explosion of a powder 
factory at Fuchow, but the number of casu- 
alties is not statetl. 

The telegraph says that an Anglo-French 
syndicate has obtained a charter for working 
all the mines in Yunnan, the conditions being, 
payment of 5 per cent, terminal tax ; 25 per 
cent, royally to the State, and 10 per cent, 
provincial tax, or 40 per cent, in all. That 
sounds very heavy, but, on the other hand, 
unless tourists and explorers are greatly 
mistaken, the mineral wealth of Yunnan is 
enormous. Transportation will be the great 

Mr. John Barrett has reached Peking and 
has been received in audience by the Em- 
peror, the United States Representative 
introducing him. 

It is now stated that some slight changes 
having been effected in the conditions lor 
the restoration of the Peking-Shanhaikwan 
Railway, the line will be given back shortly. 
We are inclined to think that the conditions 
were arranged some time ago. 

Mr. Wu Yudun is said to have sent a 
report from Tokyo to the Peking Govern- 
ment, describing the extremely cordial 
reception given to him in Japan, and saying 
that the Chinese students in this country are 
leading very quiet, orderly lives, and have 
shown no signs of becoming imbued with 
democratic sentiments. 

The telegraph has given so much pcr- 
pelexing information lately about appoint- 
ments of Chinese Ministers Plenipotentiary 
that the following note from the leading 
Shanghai paper will be welcomed as an 
elucidation : — 

In a recent parograph in these "Notes" it was 
stated that reactionaries in Peking were trying to 
obstruct the appointment of Sir Ch6n-tung Liang 
Cheng, K.C.M.G., as Chinese Minister io the United 
States, Spain and Pern, and that it would be 
an exceeding pity and a loss to the country if those 
bigots got their way. It is a pleasure there- 
fore to state now that official confirmation has 
been received regarding the news that has been pub- 
lished by the " Universal Gazette," to the effect that 
at the special recommendation of Prince Ching and 
the Ministers of the Chinese Foreign Office — Waiwa 
Pu — the "Emperor," i.e., Empress Dowager, had 
been " pleased to appoint H. E. Sir Chen-tung Liang 
Cheng, K.C.M.G., at present on tour abroad will) 
Prince Tsai Chen, Special Ambassador to King 
Edward's Coronation, as First Secretary and 
Chief Adviser of the Embassy, to succeed H. E. 
Wu Ting-fang, whose term as Chinese Minister 
to the U.S., Spain and Peru expired in June last. 
Besides the appointment of Sir CMn-tung to die 
three countries named above, the appointment of 
the son of the enlightened Grand Secretary, Sun 
Chia-nai, the expectant Taotai, Sun'i, to 
succeed Minister Vi'i Kong (Manchu) in Paris, and 
the expectant Taotai, Hu Wei-te, to be Minister at 
St. Petersburg, vice Yang Ju, deceased, is also an- 
nounced. Apropos, there is not much to record 
concerning the latter named two new Ministers except 
that t lie official appointed to Russia is supposed 10 
be a Russophile and was recommended by a Russo- 
phile to the Empress »Dowager. Allot (he time 
new Ministers have been further specially bestowed 
the brevet button of a 3rd grade Court Officer whic h 

Aug. 2, I902.] 


places them on an equality with the Governor of 
a province. 

Wednesday, July 30. 
Extensive official changes and appoint- 
ments are telegraphed to have taken place 
in Peking, but the meaning of them is 
difficult to decipher, the telegram being in a 
very abbreviated form. They do not appear 
to have much significance. 

Apparently England and America are the 
only two Powers that were disposed to agree 
to the payment of the Indemnity in silver. 
The proposal has therefore been abandoned. 

Mr. Hwang King, chief of the agricultural 
bureau of Chili, has left Peking for Japan. 
He was to embark in the Sagami Maru at 
Taku on the 28th instant. This official's 
purpose in coming to Japan is to investigate 
matters relating to agriculture. 

The Chinese commander in Kirin tele- 
graphs — according to the Jiji — that the 
Russians are apparently making preparations 
for evacuation. Their troops are assembling 
at Harbin, preparatory to leaving the country. 

The German Representative in Peking is 
now on a visit to Japan. His Excellency 
was received in audience by the Emperor on 
the 28th instant. 

Friday, August 1. 
The Boxers in Szchuan do not seem to 
be quelled by any means. The latest tele- 
gram says that an engagement has occurred I independence is essential to Japan's national 


Admiral Grenfell in the Albion, with three 
other ships, arrived at Chemulpo on the 23rd 
instant and proceeded to Soul on the 24th, 
accompanied by the captains of all the 

Eight cholera patients are reported in 
Wiju. It is supposed that the disease has 
come from China. 

According to a telegram to the Jiji Sliinipo 
from London the Novoyc ] 'rcmya expresses 
dissatisfaction because many Japanese are 
settling in Korea and gradually converting 
it into a Japanese colony, and because the 
procedure of the Japanese there is so active 
as to give them a leading position. Such 
things appear to us to be inevitable. We 
have often pointed out — and indeed the fact 
must be apparent to every one — that Korea, 
owing to its position and to the relations 
that have always existed between it and 
Japan, is bound to be a receptacle for the 
latter's surplus population. Indeed it is 
partly because the peninsula offers such an 
opportunity for emigration that Japan could 
not suffer it to fall into the hands of a Power 
which would inaugurate a restrictive policy. 
One can easily comprehend that the advan- 
tage enjoyed by Japan, an advantage incid- 
ental to geographical situation, can not be 
viewed with absolute equanimity by Russian 
journals, but, after all, it must be remembered 
that whereas the preservation of Korean 

hear that a foreshore reclamation company 
is about to inaugurate its opening opera- 
tions here also. The bund is not a perennial 
luxury. It will disappear whenever its 
disappearance promises to be sufficiently 


at a place 3 miles from Chengtu, and that 
200 of the Imperial troops have been killed. 
Of course if the Government's troops are 
really fighting, the Boxers can not effect 

security, Russia's interest in the peninsular 
empire is that it forms an important link in her 
programme of Far-Eastern expansion. What- 
ever Japan can accomplish by peaceful and 

everything serious. The trouble in 1900 j legitimate means to secure the preservation 
was that the troops only made a pretence of. of her interests in Korea, she is bound 

fiehtinef and often not even that. 

The Shanghai Branch of the China As 
sociation was to hold a meeting on the 30th j than reasonable, 
ultimo, for the purpose of discussing the 
proposed arrangement with regard to likin. 

to accomplish. Russia is not so happily 
situated, and the complaints of the Novoyc 
Vrcmya constantly sound querulous rather 

Mr. Kato Masuo's position in Korea is 
becoming an interesting topic for correspon- 
dents. The latest story was that he had 

Viceroy Yuan is reported to have ex 
pressed unbounded admiration of the manner been appointed adviser to the Water Facilities 
in which the civil government of Tientsin ! Bureau, a curious nomination which no one 
has been carried on by the foreign board of seemed to comprehend clearly. Now comes 
officials. He avows his intention of follow- j news that he is to be adviser to the 
ing this excellent example. Perhaps the Department of Agriculture and Commerce 

object lesson may prove really useful. 


with a salary of 600 yen per month and an 
engagement for 30 years. The thing is 
beginning to assume a farcical character, 
and Mr. Kato has just reason to complain 
of the Korean Government's vacillation. 

Japanese War bonds are now quoted on r ., ,, ,, „ , ..i,. , 

^, J T r , . . 1 • 1 ' hvidently there are wheels within wne 

the Ia>ndon market at a price 10 yen higher] 

than the selling figure in Japan. The bonds 
offered in London, however, are specially 
endorsed by the Government, whereas those 
circulating in Japan have no such endorse- 
ment. The Shogyo Shivipo says that some 
Japanese capitalists, discerning an opportunity 
to reap a considerable profit, asked the 
Treasury whether the Government would 

Admiral Grenfell and the officers that 
accompanied him to Soul left that city on 
the 26th instant. Several Korean officials 
proceeded with them to Chemulpo and visited 
the Albion. 

The Kokuntin Shimbtm has a telegram 
from Soul, saying that the military and 

endorse any bonds sent to London from ■ civil elements in Pyong-yang have corn- 
Japan by private individuals, but that the bined against the Japanese residents, and 

It is a brief statement considering the nature 

Treasury, after consideration, replied in the ! arc disposed to drive them out of the place, 
negative. It is easy to understand the 
reasons influencing the Treasury, but in- 
asmuch as, endorsement or no endorsement, 
the bonds are State securities, all equally 
valid, we are disposed to think that if the 
mere fact of endorsement unlocks the 
foreign money market, every one of the 
bonds ought to be endorsed at once. The 

The following account of the last Boxer 
rising in Szchuan is given by the N.-C. Daily 
News correspondent in that province : — 

On June 20th 1 w rote you something of the begin- 
nings of the Boxer movement in this region, and of 
the attack on the peaceful Christian community of 
T'ienkuch'iao. Since then further heart-sickening 
details have come to hand from day to day. The 
chapel was built in the country two or three miles 
from a village. There were forty members and 
seventy-five probationers, together with a large 
number of enquirers, a part of them living in the 
immediate vicinity and others in several surrounding 
villages. The preacher, a bachelor of about sixty, 
much loved and respected, lived in a room adjoining 
the chapel. Rev. W. E. Manly, the missionary in 
charge, had spent the Sunday with them two days 
before the attack, ministering to a full house. The 
assailants, with faces blackened as a disguise, ap- 
proached from three sides at once, and the sleepers, 
awakened by the blood-curdling Boxer yell, found 
themselves already completely surrounded. Spring- 
ing from their beds in wild terror they rushed forth, 
some of them to a violent death. The preacher 
was killed before he had gotten out of the chapel 
door. Head, hands and feet were cut off and the 
trunk disembowelled and mangled most fiendishly. 

The chapel and its furniture were set on fire, but 
only p irtially burned and the homes of eighty-nine 
people, with all their contents, completely consumed. 
The survivors fled in all directions, homeless and 
penniless. The officials have provided money 
for temporary necessities, but it is difficult to find 
shelter, since even friends and relatives, through fear 
of the Boxers, often refuse to receive them. Con- 
siderable numbers of converts from other villages 
have fled from their homes, and in some cases 
looting and burning have occurred. The Boxers 
have been watching the roads, seeking especially to 
catch and behead the leading Christians of each 
place. The village nearest the place to which the 
Boxers retreated would have met the same fate as 
T'ienkuch'iao on the night, had not they been seen 
and a messenger sent to give the alarm. The con- 
verts are not the only sufferers. Crowds of non- 
believers have been pouring into this city, abandoning 
all hut what was most valuable and could be most 
easily removed. 

For the last few days the Boxers have been in- 
creasing in number daily, while the soldiers have 
been hurried on from Chengtu in several detachments. 
The telegraph w ires were cut, but have been repaired. 
The few soldiers have not only been unable to afford 
protection to refugees, but have had to exercise 
caution lest they be qui off. 'J he Boxers w ant the 
two foreigners here and threaten the life of the 
official himself. A defeat at this juncture would 
greatly intensify the danger, and might result in the 
capture of the city. A day or two ago some of the 
first soldiers to arrive from Chengtu, over 300 li 
aivav, marched, some sixty in number, to the 
village nearest the Boxers, intending to take 
up die r quarters in a temple. But while 
their guns weie stacked and they off their 
guard, they suddenly found themselves surrounded 
and fiercely attacked. Being soldiers .who had seen 
fighting, they fought their way out, killing and 
wounding several, and losing only one killed and 
wounded, being compelled to retreat in the direction 
from which they had come. 

Late to-day has come news of the anticipated 
battle fought this morning. The arrival of so many 
soldiers had alarmed the Boxers, so that nearly all 
had fled when their fortified rendezvous was sur- 
rounded. There was no battle. A score or more of 
the Boxers were killed and a few captured, the re- 
mander dispersing or fleeing to two other hills of 
refuge. The one death among the soldiers was due to a 
luarrel over the spoils. It is likely that the Boxer 

. 1 i depredations will be somewhat checked, but we fear 
of the news. I he correspondent might have [h £ lhc victo ,. y wi „ be foUowed „ p with so i itl | e 

indulged in some further particulars. 

The Japanese company formed for re- 
claiming the foreshore at Fusan held a 
celebration on the 28th instant in connection 
with the commencement of work - . There 

Treasury incurs no additional liability what- were present the Consul, Mr. Narahara, and 

ever by endorsing, and we do not suppose several guests, and the usual banquet and 

that there is any pledge to the: original pur- speechifying took place. One of these fine 
chasers of the bonds now selling in London. 

mornings we shall wake up in Yokohama to the very act. 

energy that the fire, smothered for a time, will burst 
forth again more fiercely than ever. It would have 
'been stamped out before if the officials had done 
' their duty, lint from the Viceroy dow n there is a 
disposition to temporise, and in some cases covert 
sympathy with the Boxers. Village elders, if not in 
sympathy , risk their lives if they show any friend- 
liness to Christians. One such w as accused of being 
a Christian because he had no ancestral tablet in his 
home, and being commanded to burn incense and 
bow dow n before an idol, had his head struck off ill 

io8 wi^n^nnja^mmmw the japan weekly mail. 

[Aug. 2, 1902. 


Staples of American exports are food stuffs 
and raw cotton. Japan has very little of the 
In order to show the full scope of Mr. j former and practically none of the latter to 
Consul-General Bellows' remarks on the . place in foreign markets. By and by, when 
labour question in Japan, our contemporary, manufacturing processes in Japan become 
the Japan Gazette, publishes the remainder j better developed, her exports will doubtless 
of Mr. Bellows' article by way of supplement j make a very different showing, but at pre- 
to the extract which evoked some criticism sent since she can offer to other nations 

from us in a recent number. As a matter 
of much interest and also of justice, we too 
reproduce this remainder : — 

For more than two years political economists have 
been concerned to find the cause of the business 
depression prevailing in Japan, and various diagnoses 
of her case have been made by Japanese statesmen 

virtually none of the raw products which 
America sends abroad in such immense 
quantities, it seems misleading to make a 
comparison of exports the basis of a conclu- 
sion as to the productive capacity of labour 
in each country. At the same time, we do 

and by foreign merchants doing business in her ports. I llot b y an y means Seek to traverse Consul- 
The dullness which has been a noticeable feature in j General Bellows' views in their entirety. I lis 
trade circles has been ascribed to the disparity be- 1 analysis is valuable and, we venture to think, 
tween exports and imports, to want of capital to cp rrect on thc whole. For our own part, 
lack of faith in the business integrity of native I , . . , . . X . ' 

dealers, to the law prohibiting alitii ownership of I what wc Should be disposed to criticise in 
land, to the natural reaction after a period of extra- j this country is defective appliances for utiliz- 
ordinary activity, and to various combinations of ! ing labour and defective organization. The 
these causes with each other and with others more j fomicr j nt , nust stHkc c foreign 
remote, but one contributory cause of great 1111- 1 
portance has been quite generally overlooked. The 

weight which is holding Japan down, hindering her 
attempts to expand her commerce, preventing her 
from taking the place she covets among the foremost 
ranks of civilized nations, is her cheap labour. 

The Japanese labourer does not receive an average 
of fifty sen, or twenty-five cents American gold, a 
day. A native of good education, well qualified to 
form an accurate estimate, said that from six to eight 
dollars per month would be about the average of the 
combined earnings of a man and wife. This ex- 
ceedingly low price does not mean that the employers 
are enriching themselves by grinding down thc toilin 


Observer. Many of the implements in com- 
mon use in America and Europe are not 
available to the labouring classes in Japan. 
As Mr. Bellows justly says, what would be 
effected easily and quickly by a mechanical 
contrivance in the West is accomplished 
here, in many cases, by sheer force of 
manual toil. But there have been marked 
improvements of late years. Where heavy 
works of excavation or levelling have to be 
accomplished, we no longer see two men 

masses. The low prices are in part a survival of thc . carrying between them a load of earth in a 
diflcrent standards of value which ruled while Japan _ _f 1 ,. „ ,• .1 

was isolated from the rest of the world, but labour is I ro P C "<*■ W , hcn thl ce times the same quan- 
cheap mainly because its productive power issmall. tity might be transported by one man on a 
A foreigner going about the streets, visiting the wheeled vehicle by the simple expedient of 
workshops, the wharves and docks, or passing along | making the ground carry the weight, 
the county roads is continually impressed by the j w] ' j Dccauvillc 

waste of human force. A pile is to be driven, and . . 

eight or ten men are employed to lift a weight railway and a string of capacious trucks, 
by means of a primitive pulley, and let it fall on the The rope net does still exist, and will always 

head of the pile. A ship is to be coaled, and a 
swarm of men, boys, women, and girls appear to 
carry the coal in baskets from the coal sheds to the 
ship's hold. Men take the place of horses for draw- 

exist, for its usefulness under certain cir- 
cumstances can not be equalled by any 
Occidental contrivance. Then again, in 

minutes- — the maximum — on two occasions 
for a smoke. He therefore does 8 hours' 
actual work, for which he receives about 56 
sett, or 7 sen (1 >^d.) per hour. If the same 
man is on task work where his earnings 
depend upon his diligence, he will commence 
work at 6 a.m., at latest, and he will not 
knock off until 6.30 p.m., at earliest, 
his periods of rest in the interval being 30 
minutes for dinner and two " smokes of 10 
or 15 minutes' duration each. In short, he 
rests one hour out of 1 2}4, and for the 1 1 }4 
hours' toil he probably receives 90 sen, or 
about 8 sen (2d.) per hour. There is not 
much fault to be found with the task-worker, 
nor do we think for a moment that an Ame- 
rican labourer could accomplish a result four 
times as great in the same time with the 
same appliances. Be that as it may, however, 
where we differ from Consul-General Bellows 
in in his estimate of Japanese industry and 
Japanese thrift. We are very far from think- 
ing that there is any lack of labour-loving 
energy among the bread-winning classes in 
Japan, or any lack of the spirit of thrift. 
We may add one point which we omitted to 
mention when speaking on this subject in 
a previous issue, namely, that according to 
the present Civil Code of Japan, a man is 
not allowed to become inkyo before attain- 
ing his sixtieth year. We may also add 
that men like Consul-General Bellows are 
rendering most valuable service to this coun- 
try when they invite public attention to 
subjects of such vital importance. 


and brick- 

ing loads ; the former uses only the simplest imple- slinging heavy weights on waggons or in 
ments, and does work with the greatest expenditure prising the latter out of ruts, the labourer \ 
of labour for the least return Everywhere, one sees s ; g no [q limited to a 

the same careless disregard of the conservation of 1 ^ r r 1 

human energy. Besides this misapplication of , arrangement of free levers 
strength, the Japanese is not usually a hard worker ; ' box pillows. He uses a lifting jack, and 
he stops to talk or to smoke, he wastes his time in 1 even a crane. But it must be admit- 
ting some unimportant detail, so that it frequent- j ted that these improvements have not yet 
lv takes four or five men to do the work which one . . 1 *, 

American would easilv finish. j come mto wlde . l!se - 1 he y arc 511 the 

The difference in productive capacity is strikingly 1 possession of big contractors only. The 
and yet fairly shown by a comparison of the exports 1 smaller contractors and all individual 
of Japan and the United States. In 1900, Japan, ! labourers have still to be content with 
with a population of 41,089.940, exported goods to ,, . . ... . , ~, 

the value of $107,035,100, or an average of #2.60 to , thelr pnmtttve tools. The results they attain 
each inhabitant. The same year, the exports of the ' with them are wonderful, but that is a matter 
United States, which has a population of 76,304,799, \ of contrivance and long practice. The waste 
amounted to $1,478,050,000, an average ot $19.37 | of labour remains. What is the root trouble 
for each person, or more tnai seven limes the average . .,. U r . r •. 1 4.1-1 

for Japan. This cannot be taken to mean that m th,S CaSC ? Want ° f Ca P ltal > We thmk 
Japanese labour is only one-seventh as productive as The ordinary Japanese can not possibly 
American, for we have no means of ascertaining ' afford to procure expensive '' tools of trade '' : 
what proportion of the product of labour was retain- he must cont inue to toil with the old cheap 
cd at home, but the standard of living among the , . • 1 • 1 *. r\ : *• 

labouring classes of the Island Empire being neces- ! b , ut uneconomical implements Organization 
sarily very low, U is very conservative to place the ' alone can correct that. I he individual 
productive capacity of one American as equal to that labourer working independently is a thing 
of four Japanese. I no longer known in the West except for 

'1 his indicates that nearlv all the energy the people 1 u 11 u 1 „ 

, , r ,.- c ,-, • „^ 8 / H „ p , household or agricultural purposes. E very- 
are capable 01 putting forth is needed for mere ex- 1 & . r r . . .. J 

istence, and very little can be utilized for making pro- \ thing is accomplished by organized coopera 

finds himself an unit in a big combination 
with all its parts adjusted so as to give the 
maximum of efficacy to the whole. That 
has to come in Japan, but it is coming, 

gress along industrial and commercial lines, orfor edu- ' tion, and when a labourer is employed he 
cation and culture. While the nation continues able 
to produce only so small an amount for export, and 
all except a few of the higher classes are too poor to 
buy more than the barest necessaries, commerce can- 
not increase, foreign investors are unlikely to place 

their funds where so low a rate of production pre- 1 slowly indeed yet surely, 
vails, and progress along every line of development j 
is hindered. As to the question of strenuousness in 

As to the comparison instituted by Mr. labour, what Mr. Consul-General Bellows 
Bellows between the exports of thc United says will be endorsed by most observers. 
States and those of Japan, and his inference But it is well to note the very marked dif- 
that the productive capacity of one Anieri- ference between day labour and task labour 
can is equal to that of four Japanese, it in Japan. A day labourer at this time of 
appears to us that the cardinal difference of year begins to work at 8 a.m. and knocks 
conditions between the two countries must off at 6 p.m. ; having rested 2 hours in the 
be more carefully considered. The great interval, namely, one hour for dinner and 30 

Saturday, July 26. 
Japanese journals say that Minamitori- 
shima lies south-east of Yokohama at a 
distance of about 1,000 nautical miles, and 
east by south of the Bonins, at a distance of 
650 miles. It is triangular in shape, some 
G miles in circumference and not more than 
60 feet above the sea. There is no harbour 
worthy of the name, nor is there any supply 
of spring water. At present the lessee of 
the island, Mr. Mizutani, is living there with 
about 50 other Japanese subjects — some 
authorities say 15 or 16, which seems more 
likely — , including two or three women. 
Their principal employment is catching birds 
and exporting the plumage or the stuffed 
carcases. Two schooners are owned by 
Mr. Mizutani, the EisJio Maru and the 
Motoya Man/. Each is about 100 tons. 
They ply regularly to the Bonins, carry- 
ing thither cargoes of plumage and of 
birds for transhipment by the Nippon 
Yusen Kaisha's lines. Last month the 
EisJio Maru brought 8,000 yen worth in 40 
cases. Minamitori-shima lies to the south of 
the Sulphur Islands, which consist of Iwo- 
jima (originally St. Alexander), Naka-iwo- 
jima (originally Sulphur Island) and 
Kita-iwo-jima (originally St. Augustine). 
These three islands were annexed by Japan 
in the year 1891, having been discovered in 
1882. The Governor of Tokyo, Mr. Taka- 
saki, proceeded thither in person and 
planted posts on the coast, which posts, it 
may be mentioned, are now at some distance 
inland. The annexation of Marcus Island 
followed in 1898, as already stated. Mr. 
Koizuka Kyo was Governor of Tokyo at the 
time, and his public announcement of the 
fact was made on the 24th of July in that 
year. The Government does not take any 
rent from the lessee of the island. He is 
merely required to furnish a report every 
half year. These reports show that the pro- 
duction totalled 13,864 yen in 1898-9; 

Aug. 2, I902.1 


22,593 yen in 1899-1900; and a smaller 
amount (which is not stated) in 1900-at. 

Monday, July 28. 
The telegraph says that the United States 
Government seems disposed to tacitly admit 
Japan's claim to Marcus Island. That 
might have been anticipated. It would be a 
very remarkable departure from the policy 
of the United States if its Government 
attempted to annex a far-off island under 
such circumstances. Far-Eastern countries 
have learned to expect not only just, but 
also moderate and sympathetic treat- 
ment from the Washington Authorities in 
all questions, and we do not imagine that 
there is to be any departure from that fine 
record on the present occasion. 

engaged by the Finance Department as duty. Now in the first place, it can scarcely 
adviser. The first fact to be faced was the be admitted that " transit dues " include 
endless succession of conflagrations in Tokyo. ' likin. The word likin signifies " thousandth 
How did they happen, what was their origin, | money," 
and could any system of insurance be sue- \ It was a 

Wednesday, July 30. 
News from Honolulu, received by the 
AsaJd, shows that Captain Rosehill left that 
place on the 10th instant in a schooner the 
name of which we can not decipher in its 
transliterated form. It appears that the 
Captain had succeeded in enlisting the aid of 
a capitalist of Hawaii, Mr. Peacock, by 
whom money was put up to procure and 
equip a vessel and form a company called 
the Marcus Island Guano Company. The 
ship carried 5 sailors, 5 guano-diggers, 
I navigator, 1 cook, Captain Rosehill, 
and two experts, Messrs. Bryan and 
Sedgwick. Apparently it was well under- secuu ty 
stood by the projectors of the enterprise that 
a number of Japanese had settled on the 
island, and that any attempt to oust them or 
to interfere with their property might create 
an international complication ; but Captain 
Rosehill claimed that the island had been 
discovered by him ; that he held a grant 
duly made by the United States Govern- 
ment, and that all the right was on his side. 
Of course he is persuaded of the validity of 
his title, but the facts, as known in Japan, 

cessfully inaugurated in the face of such 
calamities ? These were the questions that ' 
had to be answered, and there were 
no data available for answering them. 
The first thing then was to collect , 
statistics, a work which occupied several 1 
years. These statistics, when examined in 
1884, showed that the scale of danger from 
fire had in its lowest place thatched houses ; ! 
then came shingled buildings ; then tiled, ' 
and finally godowns. Within the limits of 
the city proper there were virtually no 
thatched houses, but forty per cent, of the 
buildings had shingled roofs. The investiga- 

or " thousandth contribution." 
tax originally of one cash per 
tael upon all sales, and it was volunta- 
rily imposed on themselves by the Chinese 
people for the purpose of making up 
the deficiency in the land tax resulting from 
the Taiping and Nicnfei troubles. In fact, 
it had nothing whatever to do with trans- 
port duties, and although subsequently, for 
the sake of fiscal convenience, it came to be 
collected at the same stations and by the 
same officials as transport taxes, the Chinese 
would assuredly not agree to its inclusion in 
the latter category. Practically speaking, 
however, the point is of minor importance so 
far as concerns the treaty of 1 896, for the 

tions showed that Kan da was the centre of j eleventh Article of that treaty provides that 

conflagrations in Tokyo, and that in the 
Kanda district the part called Otama-ga-ike 
was the most liable to such calamities, but 
why such should be the case it seemed 
impossible to discover. Extensive plans 
were elaborated for improving the nature of 
buildings and providing methods of segrega- 
tion. The subject was under constant 
investigation or discussion. As to insurance, 
it seemed impossible to hope for any rapid 
development of private enterprise in that 
line. Capital was not forthcoming and 
for borrowing purposes was not 
available. After much thought it was pro- 
posed that the work should be officially 
undertaken, and that insurance should be 
made compulsory, every house in the city 
being required to pay a pro-rata premium. 
(That, it will be remembered by all old 
residents, was Professor Mayet's plan. He 
believed firmly in universality of effort 
and in State supervision, and he publi- 
shed some admirable essays in support 
of his thesis). The scheme was actually 
drafted in all its details, but it encountered 

do not support his claim. The Asahis 

correspondent avers that the captain and hisj£ aon g opposition and had to be abandoned. 

companions declared their intention of 
asserting their rights unflinchingly. That, 
however, is incredible. They will be fully 
justified in subsequently preferring a claim 
against the grantors of an invalid title, but 
there is not the least probability of their 
proving so rash as to resort to force, especially 
in presence of the Kasagi. The Asald 
adds that the island has an area of 1,867,905 
tsubo (1,556 acres). There arc three roads, all 
crossing the island, and from all of them access 
can be obtained to a hamlet called Mizutani- 
mura, on the west coast. Our contemporary 
says that the building land measures 3,403 
tsubo, the arable land 2,625 tsubo and the 
hill land 51,765 tsubo, the remainder being 
moor and forest. The island was leased to 
Mr. Mizutani for 10 years from December 
6th, 1898, having been included in the 
Bonins by official announcement on the 1 2th 
of July of the same year. 

Thus things remained in statu quo until 
1887, when the Tokyo Fire Insurance Com- 
pany came into existence, entering upon a 
prosperous career which has now reached its 
fifteenth year. 



At a meeting held on the 23rd uiltimo in 
the Uyeno Seiyoken to celebrate the 15th 
anniversary of the Tokyo Fire Insurance 
Company, Mr. Hirata, Minister of Agricul- 
ture and Commerce, made an interesting 
speech. The question of fires in Tokyo and 
of insurance against the terrible losses that 
the people suffered in consequence, began to 
engage official attention in 1876, when 
Count Okuma was Minister of Finance. It 
led to many discussions. Mr. Paul Mayet 
was then in the employment of the Govern- 
ment, and as he was thoroughly familiar 
with insurance business, his services were 

Some comments appearing in Tokyo 
journals suggest that the likin question is 
variously and not quite correctly interpreted 
in this country. Nor indeed can that be 
wondered at, for the telegrams reaching 
Japan on the subject are conflicting and con- 
fusing. An article in the fiji Shimpo takes 
the line that according to the Treaty of 
Commerce and Navigation between China 
and Japan signed in Peking in 1896, a com- 
mutation payment of one half of the import 
duty chargeable on any article frees that 
article from all transport charges 'en route to 
an inland market, and our contemporary, 
evidently including likin among transport 
charges, argues that with a 5 per cent, tariff 
it would therefore be reasonable to fix the 
total duty at 7^ percent., likinbeing includ- 
ed in that sum, and to add another 2^ per 
cent, on account of " terminal tax " or other 
charge, thus making the total 10 per cent. 
From that point of view the sum fixed by 
the British negotiators, namely 12^ per 
cent., seems too high. The Jiji further 
remarks that the imposition of a duty of 
l2j/£ per cent, would tell very hardly on 
such an article as Japanese coal, which does 
not go to inland markets, and which, under 
the new arrangement, would suddenly be 
required to pay 12^ per cent, ad-valorem 

on payment of a commutation tax equal to 
one half of the import duty, " a certificate 
shall be issued, which shall exempt the 
goods from all further inland charges 
whatsoever." Likin may not be included in 
transit dues, but it certainly is included 
in " all inland charges whatsoever." In 
fact, Japan's treaty of 1896 entitles her to 
claim exemption from likin, transport dues 
and all internal imposts, for goods cu route to 
an inland market, on payment of a com- 
mutation tax equal to one half of the 
customs duty. The treaty was framed with 
that intent. But Japan has never attempted 
to enforce it. Apparently it has not been 
her desire to take the lead in subjecting 
China to any financial embarrassment. 
I lowever, she has a strong position now if 
she chooses to occupy it. One important 
point remains to be observed, namely, that 
the treaty speaks of the conveyance of 
imported articles " to an inland market," 
and the Chinese Government have always 
argued, with much show of reason, that 
the goods are not thus exempted from 
taxes after reaching that market. " Had 
it been intended," they say, " to exempt 
the goods from every impost in the 
interior of China, nothing would have been 
said about their conveyance to an inland 
market." On the strength of that contention 
they claim that the treaties do not preclude 
the imposition of a consumer's tax or a 
producer's tax, and their present purpose — 
to which the British commissioners seem to 
have assented — is to impose a consumer's 
tax of per cent, on imports, and a 
producer's tax — of still unsettled magnitude 
— on exports. Hence, an imported article 
would have to pay 20 per cent, in all before 
it went into consumption. On the other 
hand, it would then be freed from every 
other duty, impost or tax of any kind 
whatsoever. Certainly the measure may be 
called drastic. If there was any absolute 
certainty that 20 percent, would cover every 
payment, foreign merchants would doubt- 
less view the project with more equanimity. 
But they do not trust the Chinese. We 
observe that Mr. Soycda, Prescient of the 
Industrial Bank, welcomes the change as an 
undoubted step of progress on the ground 
that it will tend materially to check the 
system of squeezing, which is China's bane. 


The Niroku Shinpo is devoting its columns 
to a protest against the action of the Ger- 
man Authorities in expelling from Truck- 
Island a pa;ty of nine Japanese who 
were engaged in trade there. The story 
told by the Niroku is that these men 
belonged to the Nanyo Boyeki Heki Kabu- 

no w»tti¥HflttH*H«««»ffl..J THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. 

[Aug. 2, 1902. 

sMH Kaisha, which was the sole sur- 
viving business concern among several 
Japanese enterprises established in that part 
of the world during the past 12 years. On 
the 4th of last January a German ship sud- j 
denly came down upon these people, and , 
the commander, having arrested them, pro- 
ceeded to search the premises, making! 
seizure of a small quantity of powder and. 
some sporting guns. The Japanese were all j 
carried off to the vessel, but subsequently j 
two of them were allowed to return to the 
island, the other seven being taken to another 
island, the seat of German jurisdiction. 
There they were arraigned on a charge of 
supplying weapons and munitions of war to 
the natives, who were in revolt against the 
Germans, and the charge having been 
proved to the satisfaction of the judge, he 
imposed fines varying in amount from a 
thousand marks to ten, and ordered all 
the Japanese on Truck Island to dispose of 
their belongings and clear out within a brief 
period. The Niroftu claims that the 1 leki 
firm had not really committed any offense, 
and that the sole reason actuating the 
Germans was a desire to secure the mono- 
poly of the trade of the East Carolines for a 
company which enjoys the protection of the j 
Berlin Government. The ! leki firm is I 


represented as having attained considerable 
dimensions at the time of this raid. Such 
is the Nifoktis story. Doubtless there is 
another side, which will become known by 
and by. Our own information is that the 
Japanese were selling arms and munitions of 
war to men in revolt against the Germans. 


An explanation is furnished of the stop- 
page of the smelting furnace at Wakamatsu. 
It appears that the only section of the works 
really completed is the smelting section. The 
steel manufacturing and the forging sections 
are not yet in working order, nor can they be 
put into working order without a further ex- 
penditure of money which is unprocurable 
until the next section of the Diet. Hence 
no use exists at the Foundry for the pig 
iron produced at the smelting furnace, and 
as twenty thousand tons have accumulated, 
the authorities propose to stop the furnace, 
sell the iron, and apply the proceeds to the 
equipment of the steel-making and forging 
sections. This Wakamatsu Foundry has 
been a costly affair, but now that it has 
been brought within sight of the " one more 
hodful " of Mencius, it would be a great 
economical blunder to withhold the neces- 
sary funds. 


Fighting is evidently in progress in 
Formosa. The recently announced dis- 
turbances have had an aftermath. It is 
announced by telegram that the Japanese 
troops, with a loss of six wounded, have 
captured a very strong position held by the 
rebels near Nansho. 

It would seem that there has been some 
unrest in Taipeh. Seventeen Japanese sub- 
jects have been ordered to quit that place 
for three years, under the provisions of the 
Peace Preservation Regulations. One forgets 
that there is any such law in the statute book 
as the Peace Preservation Regulations. 
Indeed they no longer exist in Japan proper, 
though in Formosa they are still liable to be 
put into operation. 

Thursday, July 31. 
There has been some trouble between the 
Chinese students in Tokyo and the Chinese 
Minister. On the 2.SU1 uillimo a party of 
students numbering about 26, proceeded to 
the Legation at 3 p.m. and asked for an 
interview with the Minister. The students 
were under the leadership of Mr. Wu, who 
appears to have much influence. The Mini- 
ster declined to receive so many visitors, 
but as the students showed no sign of with- 
drawing, a message was sent by telephone 
warning the police that their services might 
be required. Ultimately at 5 o'clock the 
Minister gave audience to the students. It 
would seem that what they wanted was to 
have the Minister go security for them in order 
that they might obtain admittance to the Scijo 
(iakko (a military school), but doubtless they 
had also some grievances to complain of. 
The Minister retired without giving any 
reply which they considered satisfactory, 
and as they declined to leave the Legation 
without a definite answer, the assistance of 
the police had to be sought when the lads 
dispersed. The police, however, asked Mr. 
Wu to accompany them to the station in 
order to explain the facts, an operation which 
took several hours, for no interpreter was 
immediately procurable, and it became 
necessary to communicate in writing only. 
This incident seems to have been mis- 
construed by Wu's comrades. They 
imagined that lie had been arrest jd at the 
Minister's instance, and 56 of them repaired 
to the Legation on the 29th to seek redress. 
They do not appear to have behaved in any 
disorderly manner, but it was ultimately 
found necessary to send for the Principal 
and some of the faculty of the Scijo Gakko 
in order to induce them to retire. Appar- 
ently the present Chinese Representative is 
not a persona grata with the students. 

Friday, August 1. 
The Chinese students do not seem to be 
yet satisfied. They invaded the Legation 
again on the 30th ultimo, and had to be 
"admonished" by the police before they con- 
sented to disperse. The Minister has issued a 
statement, explaining that the whole question 
in dispute is the admission of certain students 
to the Kcijo Gakko. These students arrived 
in May. They applied to the Minister to go 
security for them in order to get them into 
the school, and he answered that he would 
see to the matter. Before he had time to 
make the necessary arrangements, the 
students, headed by a lad named Wu, came 
to the Legation, behaved with great 
rudeness, and refused to listen to the remon- 
strances of either the Minister or Mr. 
Wu Ju-lung, the eminent educationist 
who is now in Tokyo. Thus it became 
necessary to appeal to the police. The 
students' story, however, is that when they 
asked the Minister to go security for them, 
as is usual, Mr. Tsai required them to furnish 
a sworn bond signed by five of their number. 
This they did, but no result ensued. Then 
they went to the Head Quarter Staff to 
make inquiries, and found that their 
bond had been sent there by the Minister 
without any engagement of his own. 
Such procedure could not, of course, be 
endorsed by the Head Quarter Staff, and 
the students came to the conclusion that 
the Minister had broken his word. Appa- 
rently the whole thing is a misunderstanding. 
Probably the arrangements which proved 
sufficient when the students were few will 
not bear the strain of the greatly increased 
number now coming to Japan. 


July 26. 

Moji seems to be suffering badly. Nine 
new cases were reported on the 24th inst. 
and seventeen on the 25th. 

Shimonoseki had 3 cases on the 24th and 
1 on the 25th. 

Up to the 24th instant the number of 
patients in Fukuoka prefecture had been 
196 and the number of deaths 115. If we 
add the returns for the 25th, at Moji, the 
total number of cases becomes 213. 

There are reports of sporadic cases in 
Oita, Nagasaki, Hiroshima and TokUshima. 

Tokyo has had one fresh case in the 
Kyobashi district, a boatman. 

There has been an outbreak of dysentery 
in the Normal School of Yamanashi Pre- 
fecture. The School has been closed. 

Arrangements have been made for sup- 
plying boiled and filtered water to the 
floating and shore population at Moji. 

July 27. 

There has been another case of cholera in 
Tokyo, but whether it should be classed as 
belonging to the Shiba or to the Kyobashi 
district is difficult to determine. The man 
was attacked in the latter district but 
belonged to the former. 

Cases arc also reported from Saitama and 
Fhime, one each. 

Fukuoka's record is now said to be a total 
of 320. The places that suffer most are 
Moji and Wakamatsu. 

July 28. 

Cholera continues bad at Moji. There 
were 10 new cases on the 26th instant. 
Strenuous sanitary measures are being taken. 

There have been 2 cases at Shimonoseki. 
All public meetings, theatricals, &c, have 
been suspended. Other cases are reported 
from rural districts in the same prefecture 

No fresh cases are reported in Tokyo. 

August, 1. 

The commander of the Kokura Maru, 
which has just reached Moji, says that 
cholera is raging at Harbin, and that fully 
a thousand deaths have occurred there. It 
is most unfortunate that this terrible disease 
should prevail just as Russia is concentrating 
her troops for purposes of evacuation. There 
will probably be much suffering. 

Moji had eleven new cases on the 30th 
ultimo and Shimonoseki two cases. 

There have also been two new cases in 
Tokyo, but one of them, though said to be 
in Tokyo, occurred really in the Hachioji 


The Kolcitmiu Sliimbun says that it has 
now been officially agreed that the basis of 
arbitration in the house- tax question shall 
be the house-tax uniquely. Hitherto the 
agreement on the subject had been pre- 
liminary only, but now the protocol has 
been definitely accepted by Fngland, 
France and Germany, the only problem 
included being whether the treaties between 
those three Powers and Japan exempt 
the holders of perpetual leases from paying 
taxes on the buildings standing on the land 
held under the leases. This is somewhat 
stale news, except in so far as the official 
character of the agreement is concerned. 

ll is reported from Utsunomiya that about 3 
p.m. on July 27th the bridge near the Urami 
Cataract, Nikko, fell with the result that one 
foreigner and a Japanese were injured. 

Aug. 2, I902.] 


1 1 1 


The Tientsin question seems to be now 
virtually settled. But who knows ? Mean- 
while it is well to put on record a phase of 
it represented by The Times Peking corres- 
pondent on June 16th — a phase to which 
we also drew attention briefly at the same 
time : — 

The six Ministers represented on the Tientsin 
foreign Government have not yet submitted to their 
colleagues nor to the Chinese the conditions upon 
which they will consent to restore to the Chinese 
Tientsin city. Our attitude on the question seems 
difficult to defend and deserves reconsideration. 

On September 7, 1901, the final protocol was 
signed with China. By this England and the other 
Powers formally agreed that, China having complied 
to their satisfaction with the conditions laid down by 
them, all the international troops would, with the ex- 
ception of certain localities the occupation of 
which by foreign troops was permitted in order to 
ensure communication between Peking and the sea, 
withdraw from Chi-li province by September 22nd. 
To-day, nine months later, we admit that the chief 
citv of North China, the city which is the seat of 
•'overnment, a city larger than Liverpool, and an 
extensive area including the most thickly-peopled 
portion of the metropolitan province, are still in 
foreign possession. 

During February and March the British Minister 
repeatedly informed the Chinese that we would agree 
to restore Tientsin city on May 1st, provided that the 
other Powers acquiesced. On April 12th the six 
allied commanders, under the presidency of the 
British general, looking at the question from a purely 
military point of view, unanimously decided not to 
restore the cty until four weeks after China had 
agreed to a whole set of new conditions. These con- 
ditions, with some unimportant modifications, have 
been accepted by the British and the five other Mini- 
sters, including the Japanese Minister, w ho is reason- 
ably supposed to have been influenced in his decision 
by his British colleague. One of these conditions is 
that no Chinese troops shall be permitted within 
30 kilometres of Tientsin city, though foreign troops 
shall pass freely over this area. At a meeting of 
the Ministers the British Minister protested against 
the injustice of this condition, but voted for it because 
his colleagues did. Another stipulates that within 
this area, covering more than a thousand square 
miles and containing a population numbered by 
millions, with a large boat population and much 
river piracy, the Viceroy is forbidden to employ 
more than 2,500 police and a personal bodyguard 
of 300 soldiers. With this inadequate force he is 
expected to maintain order to the satisfaction of the 
foreign Powers. 

Among the conditions one clause, no doubt unin- 
tentionally, may mislead the home Governments — 
namely, that the Chinese garrisons w ithin this area 
shall not be increased be) ond the strength maintained 
on April 1, 1902. But this is an unreal concession, 
inasmuch as at that date there were no Chinese 
garrisons within the area nor any Chinese soldiers. 
Unfortunately, the blame for action that seems in- 
consistent with her protestations falls somewhat 
heavily upon England, whose general, as senior 
general, is held chiefly responsible for devising the 
new conditions, and whose Minister, w hile expressing 
both to his colleagues and to the Chinese his dis- 
approval of them, yet voted for them because, pre- 
sumably, we must never act independently in China, 
but must subordinate our interests to the wishes of 
Germany and other Powers. 

The Viceroy had reason to hope for our assistance 
in strengthening his authority. Can one wonder 
if he distrusts our resolution ? His belief now is that 
America will insist on a modification of the condi- 
tions and will expedite the return of Tientsin city to 
the Chinese in accordance with the explicit promise 
signed in the protocol. She will gain thereby the 
credit which we are willing to lose. If she cannot do 
so, it is suggested, in order to prevent misunderstand- 
ing in the future, that, final protocols between China 
and foreign Powers should contain a clause staling 
that protocols are binding on China only. 



The arrangements for the purchase of the 
Shinagawa Electric Light Company's plant 
and business by the Tokyo Company have 
been completed. The price to be paid is 
225,000 yen. It will be handed over in 
installments, the first, 66,000 yen, being paid 
on the 1st of August, and the second, 
160,000 yen, on the 25th of December. 

As we anticipated, the story about a 
wholesale stoppage of Hawaiian emigrants 
in Yokohama turns out to be a misstate- 
ment. What happened was that 26 persons 
were obliged to land, it being found 
that they were leaving the country with- 1 
out having taken the precaution of 
placing themselves under the protection of an 
emigration society. The Government does 
not actually forbid emigration which lacks 
the above arrangement. But experience has 
shown that persons going independently fall 
into trouble and ultimately become a charge 
to the State. The only way to prevent such 
mishaps is to insist that the emigration com- 
panies shall be utilized, and, at the same 
time, to limit each company's number 
of emigrants. At present the limit is 
30 emigrants per company and 600 per 
steamer. Those that do not comply with 
the requirements of this system but go inde- 
pendently, are necessarily found to be in 
excess of the steamer's complement, and are 
consequently liable to be turned back. 
That is what happened in the case of the 26. 

Sir Henry Thompson, who contributes a 
chapter on " Motor-cars and Health " to 
the new " Badminton " volume, and treats 
the subject at greater length in his very 
interesting little book on The Motor-Car 
built round the framework of the correspon- 
dence in the Times which he initiated last 
autumn on the question of automobilism in 
relation to horses, assures his readers that 
the " easy jolting " which results when a 
motor-car is driven at a fair speed has the 
same advantages in " acting on the liver " 
as a trotting horse. The actual physical 
benefit of motor-driving, apart from its 
facilities for seeing the country and making 
long or short journeys, he thus expresses : — 

" The exhilaration which accompanies driving in a 
motor is particularly helpful to people who are some- 
what enervated. I have known instances of ladies 
sunering from defective nerve-power who have deriv- 
ed great benefit from the invigorating and refreshing- 
effect of meeting a current of air caused by driving 
in an automobile. Veils of varying thickness, 
according to the temperature, should, of course, be 
worn by ladies, but much of the benefit to nervous 
patients is caused—by the air blowing on the face. 
The facial nerves are acted upon with beneficial 
results, well known to have a restorative influence on 
weak and so-called nervous individuals. Further- 
more, the action of the air on the face, and the con- 
tinual inspiration of fresh air, tend to promote sleep, 
and I should have no hesitation, speaking generally, 
in regarding daily exercise in a motor-car as aiding 
towards the prevention of insomnia." 

Of course, there could be no higher 
authority on these subjects than Sir Henry 
Thompson, and as his own experience is 
wholly derived from the use of a petrol 
motor, it seems possible to admit that the 
ill-effects of vibration have been exaggerated. 
The use of the automobile is gradually ex- 
tending in Japan, though the progress here 
is necessarily very slow. The Army have 
taken the vehicle up experimentally, but the 
general public finds them far too expensive 
at present. 

On the 29th July a fire broke out in 
the Itabashi Powder Mills. It had its origin 
in friction engendered when cutting cubes of 
smokeless powder. Under the influence of 
a strong wind the flames spread rapidly, and 
the ordinary powder magazine ultimately 
became involved. At half-past eleven a.m. 
it blew up with a tremendous explosion. 
Six men were killed and 4 seriously injured. 

Apparently the Government has decided 
to make a naval station at Ominato in 
Awomori. There has been talk of this for 
some time, and we now observe from the 

Official Gazelle that a torpedo corps is to 
be posted there, and that a slip for repairing 
ships will be at once built. These are doubt- 
less preliminary measures. 

On June 10th the honorary degree of 
LL.D. was conferred on Viscount Hayashi 
at Cambridge University. The 7'imes makes 
the following reference to the event : — 

In presenting Viscount Hayashi, the Orator des- 
cribed the recent treaty between England and japan 
as a happy alliance between " the land of the rising 
sun " and the land on whose widely-extended Em- 
pire the sun never sets." His Excellency's father 
had been among the first to prompt the opening of 
Japan to foreign nations. He had himself been 
educated in London, and had accompanied the 
Japanese Envoys when they visited the principal 
Courts of Europe on a tour of general inquiry. In 
the internal affairs of Japan he had been mainly 
interested in the promotion of the new school of 
engineering and in education in general. 

There are now ten Japanese students at 
Cambridge University. 

Mr. Tanaka Shozo emerged from prison 
on the morning of the 26th July at 
daybreak, having expiated his offence of 
yawning in court. He was received by 
quite a crowd of friends outside the prison 
gates, and there was a general jollification. 
It is to be hoped that prison life has im- 
proved his faculty of discretion. 

Mr. Yamakawa, an assistant teacher of 
the Imperial University, has instituted legal 
proceedings against Major-General Sato, the 
ground of complaint being that whereas Mr. 
Yamakawa entrusted to the Major-General 
for revision a biography of the late 
Lieut-General Yamaji, the Major-General 
published the work on his own account and 
is pocketting the profits. Major-General 
Sato is one of the heroes of Pyong-yang. 
It will be difficult to persuade the public that 
he has been guilty of any such act. 

The Official Gasetle publishes the names 
of twenty-one Japanese who are permitted to 
receive Orders from foreign States. Among 
the names we observe those of Count Inouye 
(a Korean Order), Viscount Aoki (a Danish 
Order), Mr. Uchida (a Chinese Order), Mr. 
Motono (a Belgian Order), and Major-Gene- 
ral Arisaka (a French Order). Two nurses 
who served at the Hiroshima Hospital 
receive French Orders. 

It is stated that Prince Su, who is at the 
head of the Police Department in Peking, 
has finally resolved to employ a Japanese 
in the capacity of adviser. That measure 
had been contemplated by him for some 
time, but it is said to have encountered 
Russian opposition, which we think very 

H. I. H. Prince Komatsu will " not attend 
the Coronation of King Edward, inasmuch 
as foreign States are not to be represented 
by special envoys. H. E. Viscount Hayashi 
has been instructed to act for Japan. 

The Prince was received by the Emperor 
and Empress of Germany on the 25th instant. 

Baron Shibusawa, according to a telegram 
sent to the Jiji Shimpo, has been entertained 
by the London Chamber of Commerce under 
the presidency of Mr. William Keswick, M.P. 
The Baron seems to have dwelt upon the 
inspiriting effect that the alliance should 
have upon the trade between England and 
Japan, and to have expressed a strong hope 
that English capital and English enterprise 
would be freely utilized for the development 
of Japanese resources. A member of the 
Chamber appears to have pointed out that 
the Anglo-Japanese trade shows signs of 
decline. Baron Shibusawa did not under- 

m WtilMtZ*mn flrfl *2«tt««r|RiiJ THE JAPAN WEKKLY MAIL. 

[Aug. 2, 1902. 

take to discuss that p< >inL immediately, but 
expressed his intention of considering it. 

We find the following translation from the 
Kolnische Zeitung in a recent copy of the 
Globe : — 

It must he said of the British foires, that they have 
been thoroughly and completely changed since the 
outbreak of the war, and that they hear hut a alight 
resemblance to the army which landed on the coast 
of South Africa in 1899. The mobile columns are 
only a very little, or even not at all, behind the 
Boers in mobility, and the forced marches made by 
the mounted columns in recent times are simply 
without parallel in the history of the war. Thus, the 
Kawlinson troop covered recently 79 miles in 25 hours. 
Of course, such efforts caused an immense loss of 
horses. Is it not foolish to deny, as so many Contin- 
ental journals have done, any possibility of reorganis- 
ing the British Army on a new system ? Let us beware 
of being dazzled by our own self-conceit, for we have 
seen how much money and blood this war has cost 
( Ireat Britain." 

The report for 1901, published by the Rhenish 
Missions, says, in speaking of its activity in South 
Africa, that it has been astonishing to observe the 
prejudiced admiration expressed by the Germans for 
the Boers during the war. " If the British burned the I 
farms they deemed it necessary in the interests of 1 
war. Germany has waged no war for 32 years, I 
otherwise we should have heard fewer condemnatory 
judgements passed upon Great Britain. The highly- 
coloured German criticism upon the conduct of the 
war has done us Germans no good either in the eyes 
of the British or in the eyes of the Boers. In our in- 
terests we ou^ht to have attached greater value 10 | 
our criticism, for the passionate attitude of the Ger-'l 
man Press strengthened the Boers in the foolish 
delusion that Germany would go to their aid." 

There has occurred an interruption on the 
Sanyo Railway owing to an inundation. 
The point affected is between Wake and 

It has been decided, we learn from the 
Nichi NicJd Shim bun, that the next general j 
meeting of the Red Cross Society is to be ' 
held in Tokyo. The last meeting — recently 
concluded — was in Russia. It was attended 
by Mr. Ariga, as Japan's representative. 
Next year being the year for the Osaka 
Exhibition, the convening of the Red Cross 
meeting in Tokyo will fall very opportunely. 

Prince Komatsu left Berlin on the 27th 
July for St. Petersburg. It appears that 
His Imperial Highness was not received in 
audience by the Emperor. He conveyed to 
the Empress the First Class Order of the 
Sacred Treasure. 

The Nichi Nichi publishes a telegram 
saying that the principal smelting furnace 
at the Wakamatsu Foundry has been stop- 
ped, owing to the accumulation of twenty 
thousand tons of metal for which no sale 
has yet been found. This decision seems to 
have been arrived at by the director of the 
Foundry and the Minister of State for 
Agriculture and Commerce. It means, 
apparently, that the Foundry is doing more 
work than the country wants, which is a 
state of affairs that was fully anticipated by 

M. Dubail having been appointed to re- 
present France in Peking, where he will 
doubtless make a fine record, will probably 
be replaced at the Court of Japan by M. 
Ilarmand, whose return has always been a 
possibility. Japanese newspapers announce 
that M. Dubail received formal notice of 
his appointment on the 25th instant, but of 
course the news had been known telegraphi- 
cally for some time. 

It is stated that Baron d'Anethan's return 
to Japan may be looked for this autumn. 

We learn that His Imperial and Royal 
Apostolic Majesty has been graciously 
pleased to confer the following decorations 
in connection with the Chinese troubles : 

To Lieutenant-General Baron Yamaguchi 
the 1st class of the Order of the Iron Crown; 
to Major-General Fukushima the 1st class 
of the Order of the Iron Crown with the 
Decoration of War of the 1st class ; to Rear 
Admiral Dewa the 2nd class of the Iron 
Crown with the War Decoration of the 2nd 
class; to Colonel Harada the 2nd class of 
the Iron Crown ; to Lieutenant-Colonel 
Shiba the 2nd class of the Iron Crown with 
the War Decoration of the 2nd class ; to 
Major Samato the Knight Commandership 
of the Order of Francis Joseph ; to Lieutenant 
Yoshimura and to Regimental Surgeon Dr. 
Nagano the Order of Knight of Francis 
Joseph; to Governor Sufu, of Kanagawa Ken, 
the Grand Cross of Francis Joseph ; to 
Marquis C. de Nembrini Gonzaga, of Kana- 
gawa Ken, the Knight Commandership of 
Francis Joseph; to Mr. Tsukahara, President 
of the Uraga Dock Co., the Cross of Officer 
of Francis Joseph, and to Mr. Sakttrai, 
Manager of the Uraga Dock, the Cross of 
Knight of Francis Joseph. 

The Russo-Japanese Society declares that 
it has no political motive whatever. What 
it aims at is, (1) to make the peoples of 
the two countries known to each other ; (2) 
to promote the study of the Japanese and 
Russian languages ; (3) to conduct investiga- 
tions into commercial and industrial affairs 
connected with the two countries ; and (4) to 
render every possible assistance to the deve- 
lopment of trade and manufacture. Among 
the promoters of the Society we observe the 
names of Marquis Ito, Count Inouye, Count 
Okuma, Baron Kaneko, Viscount Yenomoto, 
Mr. Tsuzuki Keiroku, Mr. Murota, Mr. 
Ariga, Mr. Komuchi, Mr. Tokutomi, Mr. 
Okura, Mr. Shimomura and other notables. 
With such support the Society must be re- 
garded as a highly important institution. 
Its projectors are Mr. Asahina, Mr. Nakada, 
Mr. Uchida and others. 

thai the Bank had been actually working 
for only <Si days, and that no transactions 
of any consequence had been undertaken. 
Things were quiet in industrial circles, 
and there had not been any consider- 
able applications for accommodation. The 
report showed that the gross earnings of the 
Bank had been 74,205 yen, and the gross 
expenditure 62,727 yen, leaving a net 
profit of 1 1 ,47<S yen, which, together with 
the Government's subsidy, enables the 
Directors to declare a dividend of 5 percent, 
for the half year. Concerning the large ratio 
which the outlay bore to the income, the 
President explained that such a result was 
unavoidable at the beginning of the Bank's 
career, but that future reports would bear a 
different complexion in that respect. The 
accounts and report were passed unanimously 

Four and a half millions out of the i<> 
millions which the Government recently 
placed on the market in the form of Ex- 
chequer bonds, have been subscribed by the 
general public, the remainder being taken 
by the Bank of Japan. The Government 
had determined that 1.8 sen should be the 
| highest rate of daily interest (6.57 per cent, 
j annually), but it does not appear that any 
; subscriptions were offered below that figure, 
j Some were above it, but the majority were 
1 exactly 1.8. The Osaka Savings Bank was 
the largest applicant ; it took a million yen. 
1 Of course the Government can not reason- 
j ably hope to get money at rates lower than 
those ruling in the market. The best banks 
are paying 6j4 per cent, now on fixed de- 
' posits, and there is ho difficulty in getting 7 
j per cent, by special arrangement. It is only 
I when a sum is too large to be conveniently 
j dealt with in that manner that the Treasury 
is likely to receive it. 

While at Moji en route for Tokyo, M. 
Pablov is said to have explained — according 
to an Asahi correspondent — that he is going 
home on four months' leave of absence. He 
intends to spend two days in Tokyo, visiting 
his friends, and he will then return to Naga- 
saki, taking ship thence to VladivOstock, and 
proceeding by the Siberian Railway. There 
are no clouds at present, he says, in the 
political firmament of Korea, nor is there 
any probability that clouds will arise in the 
near future. The usual intrigues and quarrels 
are taking place among rival families, but 
that is neither strange nor disquieting. M. 
Pablov concluded by saying that he would 
return to his post immediately on the expira- 
tion of his leave. 

Prince Tsai, who went to England for the 
purpose of representing China at the Corona- 
tion Ceremony, is to call at Japan on his 
return journey. There appears to be some 
uncertainty as to the date of his arrival. 
The Nichi Nichi does not mention any date; 
the Nippon names the 2nd of September, and 
the Asahi and Jiji say " in a few days." 
All agree, however, that the Prince will be a 
guest of the nation and that he will remain 
in Japan about 10 days. 

Price Tsai is a son of Prince Ching. 

The first general meeting of the Industrial 
Bank was held on the 28th instant in the 
Bank's Assembly Building, Sakamoto-cho. 
There was a good attendance of shareholders, 
although, the bank having been established 
as recently as the 27th of March, no feature 
of special interest was to be looked for 
in the report. Mr. Soyeda. the President, 
addressed the meeting, He explained 

Last year the Diet refused to grant an 
increase of salaries for judicial officials. 
But the question will have to be recon- 
! sidered. It appears that the ranks of the 
judges and public procurators are under- 
going a process of thinning, which, if it 
continued unabated, would totally deprive 
the country of a judiciary in 64 years. The 
average annual deficiency is 144, and even 
by recourse to expedients which involve 
more respect for quality than for quantity, 
the Government has not been able to fill 
more than 122 of the vacancies. Thus 
there is a steady diminution of 22 per 
annum, and as the total establishment 
of judges and procurators is only 1400, 
it is a matter of simple arithmetic 
to discover that 64 years will see the 
country without any judicial officials 
at all. On the other hand, the number of 
cases that come forward for hearing shows 
a marked increase, so that the situation is 
very disquieting. The Government is said 
to have decided to enlist the services of the 
whole 35 students who recently graduated 
in law at the Imperial University. It is 
singular that the Diet should show so much 
reluctance to be wisely liberal in this matter. 
But, after all, the Diet never showed any 
promptitude of generosity except when it 
increased the salaries of its own members 
from 800 yen to 2,000. 

The Official Gazette announces that from 
the 1st of August traffic will be opened on 
the Nojiro-Gojonome line. This is a branch 
of the main trunk line, now in course of con- 
struction, from Awomori along the Western 
side of Japan via Echigo to Fukushima, 
where it joins the Nakascndo road. The 
distance to be opened on the 1st instant is 
between 17 and 18 miles. 

Aug. 2, 1902.] 



PERIODICALLY, though happily at long 
intervals, the Hongkong and Shanghai 
Banking Corporation is obliged to invoke 
the assistance of the law for the purpose of 
protecting against abuse the large measure 
of credit it habitually gives to its European 
and American customers. A great financial 
authority has said that in the true theory 
of banking far more importance attaches 
to the character of the man seeking accom- 
modation than to the nature of the security 
he is able to offer. That is the principle 
upon which all first-class banks proceed, and 
it has invariably been the principle govern- 
ing the Hongkong and Shanghai Bank's 
procedure. When transactions conducted in 
accordance with such a system are carefully 
analysed, they inevitably display an appear- 
ance of looseness. That is in the very 
nature of the thing. Eor if a merchant be 
assisted by a bank because his integrity 
is trusted, the whole of the business between 
him and the bank naturally takes on a 
complexion of mutual confidence. Did one 
of two parties insist on scrutinizing every 
detail of an operation based originally on 
the trust that each reposes in the other, 
it is plain that the whole character of the 
operation would be changed. On the other 
hand, if the Bank finds that its confidence is 
abused and that the liberty it grants is per 
verted into licence, then it is imperatively 
bound to make an example of the defaulter. 
It is bound to do so, not merely in the 
interests of its own business, which would 
be at once dislocated were breaches of trust 
inferentially condoned by immunity, but 
also in the interests of its honest clients 
who have a right to expect that the facilities 
granted to their integrity shall not suffer by 
any undue leniency on the Bank's part to 

We are referring of course to the Herb 
case, in which judgment has just been 

his accuser being equally guilty, may have August because of the heat — at least those 

seemed to him a sound line of argument. 1 of us lhat havc to toil do not— and there is 

-ri . ■ t4 . c • • -u 4. 4.1 *. 1 „ consequently no valid reason why we should 

That is a matter of opinion. But that he , . , l ' , , z ,/ 
, , _ , . , , . abandon our celebrations, with the exception 

should accuse the Bank of lax and loose | ofthe children's fete, which could not safely 
methods and of ill-advised, spiteful and be held under a hot August sun. There has 
heartless action, showed either that he did been, in short, quite a revolt of the British 
not understand the situation or that he 'community against the idea of postpone- 

1 l-u , 1 c ti 1 1 <-i ' ment, and, as is not unusual under such 

deliberately fell back upon the resource . ' ' , . . , 

.. . . . i circumstances, people have been found to 

proverbial under certain circumstances, i the matter soraewhat bitterly, and to 

abuse. Still more unpardonable was his \ hint that the authors of the suggestion were 
reference to the Manager of the Bank, Mr. ! influenced by purely selfish motives, being 
David Jackson, whom he denounced as a ' unwilling to return from their cool retreats 
Judas Iscariot because Mr. Jackson bade a \ among the hills for the purpose of attending 
. . . , , , , , . a sweltering ceremonial. It is a pity that 

friendly farewell to the accused shortly before ; such siIliness should bc imported into thc 

the latter's apprehension on a charge of business. Yokohama residents, at all events, 
fraud at Mr. Jackson's instance. It would ' ought to know from experience that ques- 
not have been unreasonable to infer that Mr. jtions of distance or personal inconvenience 

T .„ j- 1 . , .1 . . .1 is • 'do not weitrh with British officials where 

Jackson did not at that moment believe in, , , p , , e L . 

TT , , duty or the interests of the community are 

Mr. Herb s guilt, or that he had not at that 1 ; n the o{hgr side of the SGak There are 

moment resolved to prosecute. But even if he \ many obvious arguments in favour of the 
did believe or had resolved, he was under no | November proposition, and the whole trouble 
moral obligation to make a public display of has been, so far as we can see, want 
resentment or condemnation nendino- the' of tact in not consulting the community 
decision of a legal tribunal. 

have been disfigured by indiscretions. 


delivered by a Court of first instance. I gr et ta ble that an otherwise fine essay should 
Whether Mr. Herb deserved to forfeit! 
the confidence of the Hongkong and 
Shanghai Bank, and whether he in particular 
deserved to be prosecuted for fraud — these 
are questions better left undiscussed. But 
as to the motive of the Bank's action and 
as to the method of its transactions with 
Mr. Herb, there is nothing difficult of appre- 
hension. Counsel for the defence, however, 
seems to have found considerable difficulty in 
apprehending. He allowed himself to speak 
of the Bank's " happy-go-lucky " manner 
of doing business ; of its " lax and loose 
methods " ; of its " carelessness " and of its 
" ill-advised, spiteful and heartless action 
in prosecuting the accused." 

condemnation pending the ' 01 _ ulct 10 

. ; before announcing the project of postpone- 
Probably if the : ment j t SC ems extravagant to talk as some 
law absolved Mr. Herb of guilt, Mr. Jack- j commentators have allowed themselves to 
son would be among the first to shake hands talk. Two thoughts alone have influenced 
with him, for while a banker is bound ' any official, we venture to say, namely, the 

u cc • 1 a 4. * 1 4-1 r *- ~ <- • ' convenience of the community itself and the 
by official duty to draw the line at certain ; fl , f . Tr 11/, „, , 

J J 1 success of the fete. If one half only of Yoko- 

laches, he may have his own private opinion j hama could be expcctcd to be present, the 

about the degree of guilt attaching to them 1 celebration must fall flat, and that was doubt- 
in special cases. The effect of such gratui- j less the apprehension entertained by the 
tously insulting comments as those of the proposers of postponement, for they. probably 

, c .1 1 r • .1 • • . 4. think — and who will venture to contradict 

counsel for the defense in this instance, is to . , _ ., . . , . . . 

j them ? — that those who clamour loudest 
provoke public indignation against himself, ! about the selfish pleasures of mountain re- 

to deprive his client of public sympathy, and ! sorts are precisely the persons that will seek 

to narrow the range of the Bank's public those pleasures in preference to shouting 

usefulness. Mr. de Becker's speech was 'under a flag or viewing fire-works on a 

. , • , , r • I steamy August evening in Yokohama, 

in many respects an admirable forensic J ^ & 

effort. His arguments were well marshalled The fa&asago and the Asama are not to 
and his points were driven home forcibly and j make a tour of European ports as was at 
clearly. Under any circumstances such a first contemplated. They will attend the 

speech would have merited praise, but it be- naval review - which is to take P lace on lllc 

, 1 6th instant, and will then return lmmediate- 
comes doubly laudable when we remember 1 , . T , ,, . , . . . r 

} ! ly to Japan. Apparently the original fore- 

the limited opportunities that the speaker cast was that the Coronation would be 
had enjoyed for delivering addresses before postponed until the autumn, perhaps the 
courts of law. It is therefore the more re- 'end of September, in which event the two 

ships would have had ample time to visit 
various European ports in the meanwhile. 


We have been favoured with the following by 
j Mr. E. Flint Kilby, Hon. Secretary and Hon. 

The telegraph says that King Edward \ 
has declared that the 9th August shall be a j 
bank holiday. We presume that it will be a 
bank holiday here also. Since the foreign 
residents passed under Japanese jurisdiction, 
permission for a bank holiday has to be 
obtained, we believe, from the Finance 
Department, and there appears to be an 
idea that the British Consulate is the proper 
channel through which to apply for such 
permission. It should not be necessary to 
point out that no such channel is required. 
Japanese banks make their applications 
A great deal direct without employing the services of any 
of license — a great deal too much — is per- official intermediary. Foreign banks are 
mitted to barristers when conducting the entitled to do the same. The celebration 
defense ofa person criminally accused. But ^ fan not be a very grand affair, 

, , , , 1 but at least it should bc a holiday for every 

Mr. DE Becker altogether exceeded any British subject 

legitimate measure of latitude, however , , 

, . , , , , , , , I Kobe comes out very strong on the sub- 

elast.c, when he adopted such language. jcc t of postponement. It will have none of 
That he should have conceived the idea of j t ji 1c f[obe Herald very justly remarks 
basing his client's innocence on the fact of that we do not abandon our labours in 

Treasurer of the Coronation Festival Com- 
mittee : — The Coronation Festival Committee, 
representing the British Communities of Tokyo 
land Yokohama, at a meeting held on Friday 
afternoon, decided to celebrate His Britannic 
Majesty's Coronation on Coronation Day, 
Saturday, the 9th August. The Festival will 
necessarily be curtailed and only British Subjects 
will participate. It will comprise a Church 
Service in the morning, Decoration of the Bund, 
Yacht Races and an Evening Fete with Fire- 
works. It is proposed to hold an Afternoon 
Fete for Children later in the Year when the 
weather will be more suitable. 


The following letter was received by the Kobe 
Herald from Sir Claude Mac-Donald, through the 
courtesy of the British Consul, Mr. J. Carey 
Hall :— 

Sik, — I have to inform you that the ceremony of 
the coronation c;f H.M. King Edward VII. has now 
been fixed to take place on August glh. 

As. however, the dale falls in a period in which 
the climatic condition of Japan are unsuited for public 
celebrations, I lis Majesty has graciously been pleased 



[Aug. 2, 1902. 

to allow the celebration of the Coronation to coincide 
with that of his birthday. 

In view of the fact that November 9th of this year 
will fall upon a Sunday the two auspicious events 
will be celebrated on the preceding Saturday, 
November 8th. 

I am etc., (Sd.) CLAUDE MACDONALD, 

J. c. Hall, Esq., 

1 l.M. Consul, Kobe. 
Tokyo, July 21st. 

At a meeting of the Coronation Celebration 
Committee, which was held at the British Con- 
sulate, said the Kobe fferaldoi July 25 th, a motion 
was brought forward in favour of postponing all 
festivities to the King's Birthday, that is t ! u ■ Nth 
of November, the birthday falling on a Sunday this 
year. The proposal, which subsequently proved 
to have the countenance of His Ex. Sir Claude 
MacDonald, was rejected, and despite protracted 
argument on the part of the Chairman, Mr. J. C. 
Hall, H.M.'s Consul, for the purpose of inducing 
the meeting to be content with a request to Bishop 
Foss to hold a religious service on Coronation 
Day, postponing the celebration proper to the 
8th November, it was finally resolved by a vote 
of 1 1 to 3 to hold the celebration on Coronation 
Day, August 9th. The intention is to have the 
official religious service in the morning and a 
fete and concert in the evening, leaving the 
Children's Fete for the King's Birthday, when 
the weather is not likely to be too hot for young 
people to play about out of doors during the 
afternoon. The decision resulted in Mr. Hall 
resigning the Chairmanship, but in deference to 
the unanimous and earnest wish of the Committee 
he subsequently consented to continue in office. 


A meeting of British residents was held at 
H.B.M.'s Consulate, Nagasaki, on July 23rd in 
connection with the celebration of the Coronation 
of H. M. King Edward VII. The Committee 
appointed to carry out the local festivities 
on the original date handed in their resignation, 
and with it a statement of the money which had 
been expended in the course of their work. Mr. 
R. G. E. Forster, British Consul, who was in 
the chair, mentioned the three courses which lay 
open to the meeting — to hold the celebration on 
August 9th, to abandon it altogether, or to defer 
it until such a date as (say) November 9th, the 
King's Birthday. It was unanimously decided 
that the celebration should be deferred to Nov. 
9th. It was resolved to call another meeting for 
the election of a new committee. 

Unkind persons have written to our Nagasaki 1 
contemporary calling attention in terms of sar- j 
casm to the fact that the 9th of November falls 
upon a Sunday. 

following provisional programme was drawn 
up: — A service will be held at the Cathedral at 
9 a.m. ; a salute will be fired by the volunteers 
at noon ; at 6 p.m. there will be a general parade 
of the volunteers and troops, at which the 
sailors on the warships will be asked to join, 
and at 9 p.m. the members of the fire brigade 
will hold a torchlight procession. It was decided 
only to decorate and illuminate the lore. lion-, 
but it is expected that all the hongs on the Bund 
will decorate for the occasion. The Garden 
party has been abandoned. The children's fete 
is postponed till some date approximate to the 
9th .September. The Chamber of Commerce will 
ask the Banks to close on the 9th August, so that 
the day will be observed as a public holiday. 


The 2 1 -raters raced over the Lightship — Widow 
Buoy Course in excellent if rather light weather, 
with the result that Mr. Averill's new boat showed 
her heels to the rest of the fleet. Following were 
the limes : — 

finish. Corrected, 
h.m.s. h.m.s. 
Winsome 4.52.10 4.52.10 

(J* 5-°3-35 5-°3-35 

Edna 5.00. 13 5.00.13 

Stella 5 °4- 2 5 5-° 2 -49 

Vixen 5.04.20 4-59-22 

Sodeska 5-07.15 5.02.17 

Wettinge 5.02.45 454-05 

BottUo 5.11.10 4.59.46 

The first prize and two record points were taken 
by Winsome, Wettinge being second with one 
point, Vixen third and Boniio fourth. 

The t 2-raters also raced over their usual course, 
w ith the result that Tlielma finished first at 3.42.40 
and Maaaleine at 3-45-55- 



Coronation festivities were held at Wei-hei-wei 
on the 25th June and the following three days, 
the British Navy and the crew of the Japanese 
cruiser Yakumo providing sports and entertain- 
ment galore. 


Even in sultry Hongkong the residents intend 
to celebrate the King's Coronation on the proper 
date. According to the plans of Gen. Gascoigne, ' 
who is administering the Government of Hong- 
kong during the absence of Sir Henry Blake, on ! 
August 9th there will be a torch-light procession 
and a garden party at Government House ; on j 
Sunday, the 10th, the ordinary service in the 
Cathedral is to be turned into a service of thanks- i 
giving for the recovery of the King. On Monday, 
the nth, the fireworks that were originally ; 
purchased by the Coronation committee are to be ; 
let off, and something of the original programme ! 
will that same day take place on the Cricket 
Ground, with the Chinese fish procession to close 
the function. 


A meeting of the General Committee appointed 
to arrange for the celebration of the Coronation 
of King Edward, to consider what action .should 
be taken in Shanghai to commemorate the event , 
which is now fixed to take place on 9th August, 
was held at the British Consulate recently, says 
the Shanghai Mercury. A f tcr some discussion, the 

K. F. Crawford's XI. v. E. B. S. Edwards' XI. 

Summer-weather has been so long delayed this 
year that the sudden setting in of something like 
seasonable heat on Friday seemed to militate 
against the possibility of a decent match on 
Saturday. But 'tis the unexpected that always 
happens, and so cricketers who signed the list 
earlier in the week were rewarded for their loyalty 
to the best of out-door summer sports by the 
thermometer tumbling down several degrees, and 
the game was played amid the most favourable 
conditions for the end of a Japanese July, a 
cloudy sky and an intermittent breeze. To the 
casual onlooker there may not have been much 
to distinguish the game from the usual ruck, 
save that the scoring was unusually fast for 
Yokohama, and that F. E. White seemed to have 
recovered the form of two or three years ago. 
But the match may not be dismissed so easily. 
Kingdon bowled splendidly, better in fact than the 
figures seem to show, and often he had White 
and Crawford in difficulties : if only his field had 
played up to him ! 

Crawford's team went first to bat, sending 
out F. E. White and P. B. Clarke to face 
the bowling of Stuart and E. W. Kilby. Both 
men started with a single and their next 
hits were 4's, then they settled down to 
work and 39 was reached ere Clarke's bails 
were sent flying by Kingdon. Clarke, by-the- 
way, was not in good form, never seeming at 
ease during the whole of his innings. Dr. Martin 
filled the vacancy, but after breaking his duck 
with a modest single he was bowled by Edwards. 
W. S. Moss joined White and the score rose to 
60, when Edwards dismissed the new comer — 60- 
3-3. Then Crawford partnered White and a 
stand was made, the bowlers being knocked about 
in all directions. At 162 White was capitally 
caught by E. W. Kilby, the veteran, though com- 
pletely tired, stepping out to a wide ball which 
he skied. His score included seven 4's ; six 3's ; 
and twelve 2's, and with the exception of his 
very last hit he gave no chances. The Rev. 
\V. 1'. G. Field made a very short stay, being 
stumped by Allcock, off Stuart, before scoring, 
and then Lammert went to the wicket. lie had 
knocked up 11 by half past four, when the side 

declared their innings closed, Crawford carrying 
out his bat for 43, including two 4's., four 3's., 
five 2's. and a 6, which he made through the 
wild over-throwing of H. \V. Kilby. Score: — 

Mr. Crawford's Eleven. 

F. E. White, c. E. W. Kilby, b. F. O. Stuart ... 89 

P. B. Clarke, 1j. A. Kingdon 19 

Dr. Martin, b. Edwards 1 

W. S. Moss, b. Edwards 3 

K. F. Crawford, not out 43 

Kev. W. 1'. G. Field, st. Allcock, !.. F. O. Stuart o 

V . I.ammert, not out , 1 1 

II. Goddard j 

C. F. Libeaud (Did not bat, innings 

F. Pollard f declared closed. 

W. Graham J 

b. 8, l.b. 3 j 1 








N. W. 

Bowling Analysis. 


F. O. Stuart 54 

F. . W. Kilby 54 

A. Kingdon 72 

E. B. S. Fd wards 48 

H. W. Kilby 12 

Capt. Krickenback 30 

G. G. Brady 30 

O. Strome 12 

With two hours of play before them Edwards' 
Eleven had an easy task to win. It was soon 
seen that the fielding of Crawford's side was of 
the weakest, while the bowling had little or no 
sting in it. A curious feature of the game, indeed, 
was that out of seven bowlers engaged, five were 
left handed. H. W. Kilby and G. C. Allcock 
began the batting, both opening with a boundary 
hit lor 4, the first off P. B. Clarke, the other off 
Lammert. Then they settled down to run getting 
and the score had been taken to 137 ere a separa- 
tion was effected, though Allcock had no less 
than five lives given him, the first when he had 
only reached 15, by Clarke, who, later in the 
game, caught E. W. Kilby brilliantly. H. W. 
Kilby's century was a very meritorious piece of 
work, displaying fine cricket from the very start ; 
not a chance was missed, or given, which is 
saying a lot. By the time stumps were drawn 
211 had been knocked up by the side and only 
three wickets had fallen. Score : — 

Mr. Edwards' Elf.ven. 

H. W. Kilby, not out 100 

G. C. Allcock, b. Lammert 68 

E. W. Kilby, c. Clarke, I). Libeaud 21 

Capt. Krickenback, b. Clarke 16 

E. B. S. Edwards, not out 1 

A. Kingdon \ 

V. O. Stuart ; 

G. G. Brady 

O. Strome 

J. F. Marques ! 

S. Kuhn J 

b. 3, l.b. I, w. 1 5 


Bowling Analysis. 

B. P. M. W. 

P. B. Clarke 3° 34 — 1 

F. Lammert 84 69 — r 

F. E. White 42 15 — — 

C. E. Libeaud 48 36 1 1 

H. Goddard 24 25 — — 

Dr. Martin 6 11 — — 

W. S. Moss 18 16 — — 

to bat. 


A capital concert was given on Saturday 
evening at the Makado Hotel. The Imperial 
Guards Band was in attendance and played from 
5 till 10 p.m., with a brief interval during the 
dinner hour. The house and lawn were 
beautifully decorated with lanterns, etc., and 
the music was greatly appreciated by the large 
number of guests. Also it should be said that 
though several diners had, in expectation of a 
crush, taken their own servants, these, in con- 
sequence of the excellent attendance provided, 
were found to be quite unnecessary. With the 
assistance of fine weather the Makado concerts 
should be quite a feature in the social life of the 
foreign community, and so far Mrs. Hahn is 
to Ik- congratulated on the success of her 

Aug. 2, 1902.] 

THE JAPAN WEEKLY MAIL. WttiK3L*Z)}ni\%^WMmmz»l "5 


The amount of land-grabbing that has 
gone on in Africa since 1S75 is vividly 
illustrated in an article on the recent his- 
tory of Africa in the new volumes of the 
Encyclopaedia Britannica, now in course of 
issue in England. Here are the figures, 
showing the " Spheres of Influence " in 1875 
and 1900: — 

1875. 1900. 
Square Miles. S